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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 759843, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777254

RESUMO

Diabetic osteoporosis (DOP) belongs to secondary osteoporosis caused by diabetes; it has the characteristics of high morbidity and high disability. In the present study, we constructed a type 1 diabetic rat model and administered chondroitin sulfate (200 mg/kg) for 10 weeks to observe the preventive effect of chondroitin sulfate on the bone loss of diabetic rats. The results showed that chondroitin sulfate can reduce blood glucose and relieve symptoms of diabetic rats; in addition, it can significantly increase the bone mineral density, improve bone microstructure, and reduce bone marrow adipocyte number in diabetic rats; after 10 weeks of chondroitin sulfate administration, the SOD activity level was upregulated, as well as CAT levels, indicating that chondroitin sulfate can alleviate oxidative stress in diabetic rats. Chondroitin sulfate was also found to reduce the level of serum inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1, IL-6, and MCP-1) and alleviate the inflammation in diabetic rats; bone metabolism marker detection results showed that chondroitin sulfate can reduce bone turnover in diabetic rats (decreased RANKL, CTX-1, ALP, and TRACP 5b levels were observed after 10 weeks of chondroitin sulfate administration). At the same time, the bone OPG and RUNX 2 expression levels were higher after chondroitin sulfate treatment, the bone RANKL expression was lowered, and the OPG/RANKL ratio was upregulated. All of the above indicated that chondroitin sulfate could prevent STZ-induced DOP and repair bone microstructure; the main mechanism was through anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory, and regulating bone metabolism. Chondroitin sulfate could be used to develop anti-DOP functional foods and diet interventions for diabetes.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127562, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736200

RESUMO

Triclosan (TCS), a newly identified environmental endocrine disruptor (EED) in household products, has been reported to have toxic effects on animals and humans. The effects of TCS exposure on individual social behaviors and the potential underlying mechanisms are still unknown. This study investigated the behavioral effects of 42-day exposure to TCS (0, 50, 100 mg/kg) in drinking water using the open field test (OFT), social dominance test (SDT), social interaction test (SIT), and novel object recognition task (NOR). Using 16S rRNA sequencing analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), we observed the effects of TCS exposure on the gut microbiota and ultrastructure of hippocampal neurons and synapses. Behavioral results showed that chronic TCS exposure reduced the social dominance of male and female mice. TCS exposure also reduced social interaction in male mice and impaired memory formation in female mice. Analysis of the gut microbiota showed that TCS exposure increased the relative abundance of the Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria phyla in female mice. Ultrastructural analysis revealed that TCS exposure induced ultrastructural damage to hippocampal neurons and synapses. These findings suggest that TCS exposure may affect social behaviors, which may be caused by altered gut microbiota and impaired plasticity of hippocampal neurons and synapses.

3.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(15): 4238-4253, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803495

RESUMO

Background: Congenital anomalies are increasingly becoming a global pediatric health concern, which requires immediate attention to its early diagnosis, preventive strategies, and efficient treatments. Guanine nucleotide binding protein, alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 3 (Gnai3) gene mutation has been demonstrated to cause congenital small jaw deformity, but the functions of Gnai3 in the disease-specific microRNA (miRNA) upregulations and their downstream signaling pathways during osteogenesis have not yet been reported. Our previous studies found that the expression of Mir24-2-5p was significantly downregulated in the serum of young people with overgrowing mandibular, and bioinformatics analysis suggested possible binding sites of Mir24-2-5p in the Gnai3 3'UTR region. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the mechanism of Mir24-2-5p-mediated regulation of Gnai3 gene expression and explore the possibility of potential treatment strategies for bone defects. Methods: Synthetic miRNA mimics and inhibitors were transduced into osteoblast precursor cells to regulate Mir24-2-5p expression. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was utilized to identify the direct binding of Gnai3 and its regulator Mir24-2-5p. Gnai3 levels in osteoblast precursor cells were downregulated by shRNA (shGnai3). Agomir, Morpholino Oligo (MO), and mRNA were microinjected into zebrafish embryos to control mir24-2-5p and gnai3 expression. Relevant expression levels were determined by the qRT-PCR and Western blotting. CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, and transwell migration assays were performed to assess cell proliferation, apoptosis, and migration. ALP, ARS and Von Kossa staining were performed to observe osteogenic differentiation. Alcian blue staining and calcein immersions were performed to evaluate the embryonic development and calcification of zebrafish. Results: The expression of Mir24-2-5p was reduced throughout the mineralization process of osteoblast precursor cells. miRNA inhibitors and mimics were transfected into osteoblast precursor cells. Cell proliferation, migration, osteogenic differentiation, and mineralization processes were measured, which showed a reverse correlation with the expression of Mir24-2-5p. Dual-luciferase reporter gene detection assay confirmed the direct interaction between Mir24-2-5p and Gnai3 mRNA. Moreover, in osteoblast precursor cells treated with Mir24-2-5p inhibitor, the expression of Gnai3 gene was increased, suggesting that Mir24-2-5p negatively targeted Gnai3. Silencing of Gnai3 inhibited osteoblast precursor cells proliferation, migration, osteogenic differentiation, and mineralization. Promoting effects of osteoblast precursor cells proliferation, migration, osteogenic differentiation, and mineralization by low expression of Mir24-2-5p was partially rescued upon silencing of Gnai3. In vivo, mir24-2-5p Agomir microinjection into zebrafish embryo resulted in shorter body length, smaller and retruded mandible, decreased cartilage development, and vertebral calcification, which was partially rescued by microinjecting gnai3 mRNA. Notably, quite similar phenotypic outcomes were observed in gnai3 MO embryos, which were also partially rescued by mir24-2-5p MO. Besides, the expression of phospho-JNK (p-JNK) and p-p38 were increased upon Mir24-2-5p inhibitor treatment and decreased upon shGnai3-mediated Gnai3 downregulation in osteoblast precursor cells. Osteogenic differentiation and mineralization abilities of shGnai3-treated osteoblast precursor cells were promoted by p-JNK and p-p38 pathway activators, suggesting that Gnai3 might regulate the differentiation and mineralization processes in osteoblast precursor cells through the MAPK signaling pathway. Conclusions: In this study, we investigated the regulatory mechanism of Mir24-2-5p on Gnai3 expression regulation in osteoblast precursor cells and provided a new idea of improving the prevention and treatment strategies for congenital mandibular defects and mandibular protrusion.

4.
Int Ophthalmol ; 2021 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743256

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To introduce and evaluate a modified therapeutic strategy for idiopathic macular holes (IMH). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with diagnosis of IMH from July 2016 to January 2020 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. These patients were managed strictly according to our therapeutic strategy. Their comprehensive clinical data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: 209 eyes suffering stage II to IV IMH were identified. For stage II IMH, the spontaneous closure rate was 8.9%, the initial success rate of intravitreal injections (IVI) of expansile gas and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) + internal limiting membrane peeling (ILMP) + air tamponade was 84.2% and 100%, respectively. The initial success rate of PPV + ILMP + air tamponade for stage III and stage IV IMH was 89.8% and 86.4%, respectively. Following our intervention strategy, stage II IMH achieved a final IMH closure rate of 100%, stage III of 99% and stage IV of 97%. The final best corrected visual acuity was significantly improved (P < 0.05). Sitting position air-fluid (A-F) exchange alone successfully induced IMH closure in 7/19 eyes that did not achieve IMH closure by initial PPV. For three refractory cases that failed additional PPV + ILM stuffing, intraoperative OCT assisted PPV + sub-retinal BSS injection successfully induced the IMH closure. As the remaining three unclosed IMH cases were dry and stable, no more interventions were conducted. CONCLUSION: The general IMH closure rate based on our therapeutic strategy was satisfactory with a favorable prognosis. IVI expansile gas and sitting position A-F exchange were effective and highly cost-effective under certain circumstances.

5.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792836

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by both motor and non-motor symptoms. A convergent pathophysiological hallmark of PD is an early selective vulnerability within the basal ganglia circuit. However, the causal interactions between basal ganglia atrophy and progressive structural network alterations in PD remain unaddressed. Here, we adopted voxel-based morphometry method to measure gray matter (GM) volume for each participant (n = 84 PD patients and n = 70 matched healthy controls). Patients were first divided into three stages according to the Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) and the Part III of Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale scores respectively to analyze the stage-specific GM atrophy patterns. Then, the modulation of early caudate atrophy over other brain structures was evaluated using the whole-brain voxel-wise and region-of-interest-wise causal structural covariance network approaches. We found that GM atrophy progressively expands from the basal ganglia to the angular gyrus, temporal areas, and eventually spreads through the subcortical-cortical networks as PD progresses. Notably, we identified a shared caudate-associated degeneration network including the basal ganglia, thalamus, cerebellum, sensorimotor cortex, and cortical association areas with the PD progressive factors. These findings suggest that the early structural vulnerability of basal ganglia in PD may play a pivotal role in the modulation of motor and non-motor circuits at the structural level. Our work provides evidence for a novel mechanism of network degeneration that underlies the pathology of PD and may have potential clinical applications in the development of early predictors of PD onset and progress.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 4950-4958, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738389

RESUMO

In this study, the gene encoding the key enzyme 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase(KAT) in the fatty acid ß-oxidation pathway of Atractylodes lancea was cloned. Meanwhile, bioinformatics analysis, prokaryotic expression and gene expression analysis were carried out, which laid a foundation for the study of fatty acid ß-oxidation mechanism of A. lancea. The full-length sequence of the gene was cloned by RT-PCR with the specific primers designed according to the sequence information of KAT gene in the transcriptomic data of A. lancea and designated as AIKAT(GenBank accession number MW665111). The results showed that the open reading frame(ORF) of AIKAT was 1 323 bp, encoding 440 amino acid. The deduced protein had a theoretical molecular weight of 46 344.36 and an isoelectric point of 8.92. AIKAT was predicted to be a stable alkaline protein without transmembrane segment. The secondary structure of AIKAT was predicted to be mainly composed of α-helix. The tertiary structure of AIKAT protein was predicted by homology modeling method. Homologous alignment revealed that AIKAT shared high sequence identity with the KAT proteins(AaKAT2, CcKAT2, RgKAT and AtKAT, respectively) of Artemisia annua, Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus, Rehmannia glutinosa and Arabidopsis thaliana. The phylogenetic analysis showed that AIKAT clustered with CcKAT2, confirming the homology of 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase genes in Compositae. The prokaryotic expression vector pET-32 a-AIKAT was constructed and transformed into Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) for protein expression. The target protein was successfully expressed as a soluble protein of about 64 kDa. A real-time quantitative PCR analysis was performed to profile the AIKAT expression in different tissues of A. lancea. The results demonstrated that the expression level of AIKAT was the highest in rhizome, followed by that in leaves and stems. In this study, the full-length cDNA of AIKAT was cloned and expressed in E. coli BL21(DE3), and qRT-PCR showed the differential expression of this gene in different tissues, which laid a foundation for further research on the molecular mechanism of fatty acid ß-oxidation in A. lancea.


Assuntos
Atractylodes , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Atractylodes/genética , Clonagem Molecular , Coenzima A , Escherichia coli/genética , Filogenia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714411

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and associated variables in children with chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (CML-CP) receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire was given to children with CML and their parents, who were < 18 years at diagnosis of CML and < 19 years at study. The questionnaire comprised three parts, including demographic information, clinical information, and the Chinese version of Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) Cancer Module 3.0 as HRQoL questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 240 respondents data were analyzed. Multivariate analysis showed that children with symptoms had worse pain (- 10.2; P < 0.001), nausea (- 17.3; P = 0.001), more treatment anxiety (- 7.2; P = 0.005), worse self-assessment appearance (- 7.1; P = 0.001), communication problems (- 6.4; P = 0.001), and worse HRQoL (- 7.0; P < 0.001). Children with mothers having low educational qualifications had worse pain (- 6.0; P = 0.014), more worried about future (- 5.4; P = 0.042), worse cognition problems (- 7.1; P = 0.002), worse communication problems (- 5.5; P = 0.008), and worse HRQoL (- 4.3; P = 0.005). Younger age children at study had more procedural anxiety (2.7; P = 0.001), treatment anxiety (- 1.7; P = 0.014) and cognition problem (3.6; P < 0.001), as well as worse HRQoL (1.8; P = 0.008). However, older age children at diagnosis were more worried about future (- 2.8; P = 0.001), worse self-assessment appearance (- 1.1; P = 0.042) and worse HRQoL (- 1.8; P = 0.007). Other variables significantly associated with worse HRQoL included female gender, rural household registration and their father's low education level. Parents reported more gastrointestinal disorders, were worried about the future and had less concern about appearance than their children. CONCLUSIONS: Female gender, older age at diagnosis, younger age at study, lower mother's education level, and TKI-related symptoms are significantly associated with worse HRQoL in Children with CML. Children and their parents have different priorities in the HRQoL.

8.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635940

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy and safety of using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) adjacent to the second hepatic hilus. METHODS: Between February 2011 and June 2013, 17 patients with HCC underwent combination therapy of TACE and RFA under DSA and CT guidance at our institution. The 17 patients had a total of 23 hepatic tumors, 17 of which were adjacent to the second hepatic hilus. RESULTS: TACE combined with RFA was performed successfully in all 17 patients with no mortalities or major morbidities. During the 1-month follow-up, tumors of 15 patients (88.2%) were completely ablated after one therapy session and 2 patients had detectable tumor residue. During the follow-up time period (range 6-52 months), local tumor progression developed in 1 patient (1/17, 5.9%) and both local tumor progression and new tumors appeared in 1 patient (1/17, 5.9%). Also, new tumors developed in the untreated portions of the liver in 8 patients (8/17, 47.1%). No distant metastasis was found. Of the 17 patients, 6 (35.3%) died due to tumor progression (3/17, 17.6%), liver failure (2/17, 11.8%), or massive hemorrhage of the gastrointestinal tract (1/17, 5.9%). The overall survival rates were 94.1% (16/17), 82.4% (14/17), and 61.8% (11/17) at 12, 18, and 24 months, respectively, and the median survival time was 25 months (95% CI 18-27). CONCLUSION: Treatment using combination of TACE and RFA is an effective and safe therapeutic strategy for treating HCC with tumor(s) adjacent to the second hepatic hilus.

9.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(18)2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576437

RESUMO

The conventional rolling of magnesium alloy with a single pass and large reduction will cause severe edge cracking. The sheet without cracks can be achieved by limited width rolling. The microstructure evolution of the sheet with cracks after conventional rolling and the sheet without cracks after limited width rolling is explored, and an effective mechanism for solving edge cracks is proposed. Conventional rolling can fully develop twin evolution due to high deformation, and three stages of twinning evolution can be observed and the secondary twins easily become the nucleation points of micro cracks, resulting in a large number of cracks propagating along the twin lamellae. Cracks terminate at dislocation accumulation because the accumulation of a large number of dislocations can hinder propagation. Dislocation shearing of twins to eliminate the high localization caused by twins and induce the tensile twins to weaken the basal surface texture provides an effective plastic deformation mechanism of crack inhibition, which is useful for expanding the engineering application of magnesium alloy rolled sheets.

10.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 715659, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485346

RESUMO

Background: Frailty in the elderly population is currently a frontier and focus in the field of health and aging. The goal of this study was to explore the frailty status among the elderly of different genders and its influence on the risk of death during 11 years. Methods: Frailty index (FI) was used to evaluate the frailty status in the elderly based on the baseline data conducted in 2009; and death as outcome variables collected in 2020 were analyzed. The difference of the frailty level and mortality of different genders was compared. Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier curves were applied to evaluate the influence on the risk of death and the 11-year survival of the elderly at different level of frailty, respectively. Results: Totally, 1,246 elderly people were recruited. The mortality in men (43.7%, 227/519) was statistically higher than that in women (34.3%, 249/727) (x 2 = 11.546, P = 0.001). Deficits accumulated exponentially with age, and at all ages, women accumulated more deficits than do men on average (B = 0.030 vs. 0.028, t = 4.137, P = 0.023). For any given level of frailty, the mortality rate is higher in men than in women, and the difference in mortality between genders reached the peak when FI value was 0.26. Cox regression analysis showed that FI value had a greater impact on the risk of death in older men (HR = 1.171, 95%CI: 1.139~1.249)than that in older women (HR = 1.119, 95%CI: 1.039~1.137). Survival analysis showed that the median 11-year survival time in women was longer than that in men (95.26 vs. 89.52 months, Log rank = 9.249, P = 0.002). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the survival rate decreased with the increase of frailty, and at the same level of frailty, survival time in older women was longer than that in older men, except for severe frailty (FI ≥ 0.5). Conclusion: The frailty status and its influence on mortality are different among the older people of different genders; therefore, specific interventions for frailty should be conducted in the elderly population of different genders, as well as of different degrees of frailty.

11.
J Control Release ; 339: 391-402, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563593

RESUMO

Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is the most common complication after cataract surgery and is likely to cause the second loss of vision. Pharmacological PCO prophylaxis has been proved to be effective, yet no clinical option is available due to the lack of a suitable mode of administration. In this work, we propose a unique concept of NIR dual-triggered drug release from black phosphorus (BP)-based implantable intraocular lens (IOL) for controlled drug release and chemo-photothermal combination therapy of PCO. Here, IOL is used as a "reservoir" of doxorubicin-loaded black phosphorus (BP-DOX), and BP is used as NIR activation agent for controlled drug release and photothermal therapy. This BP-DOX integrated IOL, namely BP-DOX@IOL, shows the characteristics of good transmittance, good mechanical property, NIR dual-triggered drug release behaviors, and excellent photothermal efficacy. In vivo studies reveal that there is no PCO occurrence in rabbits' model by using BP-DOX@IOL combined NIR irradiation, which exhibits distinct superiority on inhibiting PCO than the control group (100% PCO occurrence) 28 days post-surgery. This novel IOL drug delivery system would be a promising strategy for the future clinical application for PCO prophylaxis and treatment.

12.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(11): 910.e1-910.e11, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425260

RESUMO

High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT-ASCT) is the standard of care for chemosensitive relapsed or refractory (R/R) aggressive B cell lymphoma. Patients with a positive positron emission tomography (PET) scan before ASCT have a poor prognosis, and those who fail to achieve a therapeutic response better than partial remission after salvage treatment are ineligible candidates for ASCT. We conducted this open-label single-arm prospective clinical study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sequential infusion of CD19/22 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells following HDT-ASCT. Eligibility for this study included patients with R/R aggressive B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-PET positivity and patients with stable or progressive disease after salvage chemotherapy. Between November 14, 2016, and August 15, 2019, 42 patients underwent HDT-ASCT followed by CD19/22 CAR T cell infusion. Grade 3 cytokine release syndrome (CRS) occurred in only 2 patients. Twenty-one percent of patients experienced any grade of neurotoxicity, 5% with severe grade 3. All cases of CRS and neurotoxicity were reversible. The overall response rate was 90.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 77.4% to 97.3%). At a median follow-up of 24.3 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival were not reached. The 2-year PFS rate was 83.3 % (95% CI, 68.2% to 91.7%). No patients were found to be CD19- and CD22-negative at the time of progression; 97.1% and 68.6% of patients with ongoing complete remission (CR) had consistently detectable levels of CD19 and CD22 CAR transgene, respectively, at 3 months. The median time to onset of sustained B cell recovery was 8.2 months. The high durable CR rates and favorable safety profiles support the strong potential of the HDT-ASCT plus CD19/CD22 CAR T cell cocktail therapy for the suboptimal group of patients with R/R aggressive B-NHL who are less sensitive or fail salvage chemotherapy. These early data are encouraging and informative for future trials to further test the efficacy and safety of HDT-ASCT plus CAR T cell therapy in a larger population. © 2021 American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc.

13.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(9): 5373-5380, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387705

RESUMO

Fruiting body development in Agaricomycetes represents the most complex and unclear process in the fungi. Mating type pathways (A and B) and transcription factors are important regulators in the sexual development of mushrooms. It is known that clampless1 (clp1) is an additional gene that participate under the homeodomain (HD) genes in the matA pathway and clp1 inactivation blocks clamps formation in Coprinopsis cinerea. In this study we identified and analyzed a homologous Fvclp1 gene in the edible mushroom Flammulina velutipes. The coding sequence of the Fvclp1 was 1011 bp without intron interruption, encoding a protein of 336 amino acids. To exhibit the role of Fvclp1 in clamp development and fruiting body formation, knockdown and overexpression mutants were prepared. No significant difference was observed in the monokaryotic hyphal morphology of overexpression and knockdown transformants. In the dikaryotic hyphae from the compatible crossings between the wild-type L22 strain and Fvclp1 knockdown or overexpression mutants, clamp connections developed. However, knockdown mutants could generate fewer fruiting bodies than the wild-type strain. On the contrary, reduced mycelial growth rate but improved fruiting ability was observed in the dikaryotic Fvclp1 overexpression mutants as compared to the wild-type strain. These results indicate that Fvclp1 is necessary and actively involved in fruiting body development in F. velutipes. Overall, these findings suggest that further studies on the function of Fvclp1 would advance our understanding of sexual reproduction and fruiting body development in edible mushrooms.


Assuntos
Agaricales , Flammulina , Flammulina/genética , Carpóforos/genética , Hifas/genética , Reprodução
14.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 688746, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393777

RESUMO

The traditional Chinese medicine Poria cum Radix Pini (PRP) is a fungal medicinal material that has been proven to play an important role in the treatment of arrhythmia. However, the mechanism of its effect on arrhythmia is still unclear. In this study, network pharmacology and metabolomics correlation analysis methods were used to determine the key targets, metabolites and potential pathways involved in the effects of PRP on arrhythmia. The results showed that PRP can significantly improve cardiac congestion, shorten the SV-BA interval and reduce the apoptosis of myocardial cells induced by barium chloride in zebrafish. By upregulating the expression of the ADORA1 protein and the levels of adenosine and cGMP metabolites in the cGMP-PKG signalling pathway, PRP can participate in ameliorating arrhythmia. Therefore, we believe that PRP shows great potential for the treatment of arrhythmia.

15.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 6005-6018, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34377020

RESUMO

Background: Accumulating evidence has indicated that methylation status is closely related to tumourigenesis and a few aggressive features of diverse cancers. However, as an important methylation regulation modification, the distribution of 5-methylcytosine (m5C) in high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) remains unclear. Materials and Methods: We collected three pairs of human HGSOC tissues and adjacent non-tumour tissues to analyse the transcriptome-wide m5C methylation of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing. Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed to eExplore the potential biological functions of these genes and important cancer pathways. We used immunohistochemistry to analyse the expression of the m5C modification regulatory gene MAP2K3 in 80 HGSOC tissue samples, and their associations with clinical parameters were analyzed using the Spearman-rho test. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify potential prognostic factors. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to analyze overall survival. Results: We identified 2050 dysregulated m5C peaks, 1767 of which were significantly upregulated, while 283 were significantly downregulated. GO enrichment analysis showed that genes altered by the m5C peak played a key role in system development, transporter complex, and transporter activity. KEGG pathway analysis revealed that these genes were enriched in some important pathways in cancer regulation, such as inflammatory mediator regulation of the TRP channels pathway, Wnt signalling pathway, and focal adhesion pathways. In addition, through joint analysis of MeRIP-seq and RNA-seq data, we identified 125 differentially methylated m5C peaks and synchronous differentially expressed genes. These genes play key roles in cell growth, maintenance, plasma membranes, and cell adhesion molecule activity. Immunohistochemical staining results showed that high expression of MAP2K3 was significantly correlated with CA125 level (p < 0.001), tumour size (p = 0.001), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.008), depth of myometrial invasion (p < 0.001), and FIGO stage (p < 0.001), indicating a poor prognosis. Conclusion: Our results reveal the different distribution patterns of m5C in HGSOC and adjacent tissues and the possible involvement of m5C in HGSOC cell functions. Our study provides new insights into the epi-transcriptomic dysregulation of m5C in the tumourigenesis of HGSOC.

16.
J Int Med Res ; 49(8): 3000605211031776, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369193

RESUMO

The probability of rhabdomyosarcoma occurring in the cervix is less than 0.5% and may be associated with a pathogenic dicer 1, ribonuclease III (DICER1) gene variation. Tumour-induced hypercoagulability and high levels of cancer antigen (CA) 125 are risk factors for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). In addition, although nonpuerperal uterine inversion is very rare and is usually caused by leiomyomas from the uterus, large cervical masses can also be the cause. This case report describes a 24-year-old woman with uterine inversion caused by an embryonic cervical rhabdomyosarcoma that presented with CVST as her first symptom. The patient underwent laparoscopic total uterus and bilateral salpingectomy, during which the uterus was found to be completely inverted. Postoperative pathology confirmed embryonic cervical rhabdomyosarcoma. The patient quickly developed lung and para-aortic lymph node metastases. Two months later, the patient died of complications. When coagulation indices in patients with tumours are abnormal, especially when the levels of D-dimer and CA125 increase, it is recommended that anticoagulant therapy is administered in a timely manner to prevent the occurrence of CVST. Furthermore, for large cervical tumours, physicians should also be alert to the occurrence of uterine inversion.


Assuntos
Rabdomiossarcoma , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Inversão Uterina , Adulto , RNA Helicases DEAD-box , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Ribonuclease III , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/complicações , Trombose dos Seios Intracranianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/complicações , Adulto Jovem
17.
Theranostics ; 11(17): 8379-8395, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373748

RESUMO

Growth disorders in the orofacial bone development process may lead to orofacial deformities. The balance between bone matrix formation by mesenchymal lineage osteoblasts and bone resorption by osteoclasts is vital for orofacial bone development. Although the mechanisms of orofacial mesenchymal stem cells (OMSCs) in orofacial bone development have been studied intensively, the communication between OMSCs and osteoclasts remains largely unclear. Methods: We used a neural crest cell-specific knockout mouse model to investigate orofacial bone development in GATA-binding protein 4 (GATA4) morphants. We investigated the underlying mechanisms of OMSCs-derived exosomes (OMExos) on osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption activity in vitro. miRNAs were extracted from OMExos, and differences in miRNA abundances were determined using an Affymetrix miRNA array. Luciferase reporter assays were used to validate the binding between GATA4 and miR-206-3p in OMSCs and to confirm the putative binding of miR-206-3p and its target genes in OMSCs and osteoclasts. The regulatory mechanism of the GATA4-miR-206-3p axis in OMSC osteogenic differentiation and osteoclastogenesis was examined in vitro and in vivo. Results: Wnt1-Cre;Gata4fl/fl mice (cKO) not only presented inhibited bone formation but also showed active bone resorption. Osteoclasts cocultured in vitro with cKO OMSCs presented an increased capacity for osteoclastogenesis, which was exosome-dependent. Affymetrix miRNA array analysis showed that miR-206-3p was downregulated in exosomes from shGATA4 OMSCs. Moreover, the transcriptional activity of miR-206-3p was directly regulated by GATA4 in OMSCs. We further demonstrated that miR-206-3p played a key role in the regulation of orofacial bone development by directly targeting bone morphogenetic protein-3 (Bmp3) and nuclear factor of activated T -cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1). OMExos and agomiR-206-3p enhanced bone mass in Wnt1-cre;Gata4fl/fl mice by augmenting trabecular bone structure and decreasing osteoclast numbers. Conclusion: Our findings confirm that miR-206-3p is an important downstream factor of GATA4 that regulates the functions of OMSCs and osteoclasts. These results demonstrate the efficiency of OMExos and microRNA agomirs in promoting bone regeneration, which provide an ideal therapeutic tool for orofacial bone deformities in the future.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453606

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To estimate the clinical characteristics of retinal arterial macroaneurysms (RAM) and evaluate the prognosis of different interventions. METHODS: This study is a meta-analysis. The databases PubMed, EMBASE, and Ovid from inception to January 2021 were searched to identify the relevant studies. R software version 3.6.3 was used to perform the statistical analyses. Results in proportion with 95% confidence interval were calculated by means of Freeman-Tukey variant of arcsine square transformation. RESULTS: Sixty-nine studies involving 1332 patients were finally included. The pooling results indicated that 91% (95% CI [88 ~ 94%]) of the RAM patients were over sixty, 73% (95% CI [68 ~ 77%]) were female, and 73% (95% CI [66 ~ 79%]) have hypertension. By observation, the RAM closure rate was 64% (95% CI [39 ~ 86%]), the visual acuity (VA) improved in 55% (95% CI [40 ~ 71%]) of the patients, and the VA of 64% (95% CI [54 ~ 74%]) hemorrhagic versus 27% (95% CI [15 ~ 41%]) exudative patients improved significantly. By laser, the closure rate was 96% (95% CI [87 ~ 100%]), the VA improved in 73% (95% CI [65 ~ 80%]) of the patients, and the VA of 66% (95% CI [47 ~ 84%]) hemorrhagic versus 35% (95% CI [23 ~ 47%]) exudative patients improved significantly. By anti-VEGF, the closure rate was 98% (95% CI [93 ~ 100%]), the VA improved in 90% (95% CI [74 ~ 100%]) of the patients, and the VA of 58% (95% CI [18 ~ 94%]) hemorrhagic versus 67% (95% CI [31 ~ 96%]) exudative patients improved significantly. CONCLUSION: RAM are most commonly seen in the elderly with a marked female predominance and a strong association with hypertension. Patients receiving laser or anti-VEGF treatments get higher closure rate and better visual prognosis than those with observation alone. Hemorrhagic RAM have a better visual prognosis by observation or laser treatment, while exudative RAM have a better visual prognosis by anti-VEGF treatment.

19.
J Neurosci ; 41(37): 7727-7741, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349001

RESUMO

Chronic itch is a troublesome condition and often difficult to cure. Emerging evidence suggests that the periaqueductal gray (PAG)-rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) pathway may play an important role in the regulation of itch, but the cellular organization and molecular mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Here, we report that a group of RVM neurons distinctively express the G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER), which mediates descending inhibition of itch. We found that GPER+ neurons in the RVM were activated in chronic itch conditions in rats and mice. Selective ablation or chemogenetic suppression of RVM GPER+ neurons resulted in mechanical alloknesis and increased scratching in response to pruritogens, whereas chemogenetic activation of GPER+ neurons abrogated itch responses, indicating that GPER+ neurons are antipruritic. Moreover, GPER-deficient mice and rats of either sex exhibited hypersensitivity to mechanical and chemical itch, a phenotype reversible by the µ type opioid receptor (MOR) antagonism. Additionally, significant MOR phosphorylation in the RVM was detected in chronic itch models in wild-type but not in GPER-/- rats. Therefore, GPER not only identifies a population of medullary antipruritic neurons but may also determine the descending antipruritic tone through regulating µ opioid signaling.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Therapeutic options for itch are limited because of an as yet incomplete understanding of the mechanisms of itch processing. Our data have provided novel insights into the cellular organization and molecular mechanisms of descending regulation of itch in normal and pathologic conditions. GPER+ neurons (largely GABAergic) in the RVM are antipruritic neurons under tonic opioidergic inhibition, activation of GPER promotes phosphorylation of MOR and disinhibition of the antipruritic GPER+ neurons from inhibitory opioidergic inputs, and failure to mobilize GPER+ neurons may result in the exacerbation of itch. Our data also illuminate on some of the outstanding questions in the field, such as the mechanisms underlying sex bias in itch, pain, and opioid analgesia and the paradoxical effects of morphine on pain and itch.


Assuntos
Bulbo/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Fosforilação , Prurido/genética , Prurido/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Receptores Opioides mu/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
20.
Mol Nutr Food Res ; 65(17): e2100136, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34272917

RESUMO

SCOPE: Obesity is a common disease worldwide and there is an urgent need for strategies to preventing obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The anti-obesity effect and mechanism of Ligilactobacillus salivarius LCK11 (LCK11) is studied using a C57BL/6J male mouse model in which obesity is induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). Results show that LCK11 can prevent HFD-induced obesity, reflected as inhibited body weight gain, abdominal and liver fat accumulation and dyslipidemia. Analysis of its mechanism shows that on the one hand, LCK11 can inhibit food intake through significantly improving the transcriptional and translational levels of peptide YY (PYY) in the rectum, in addition to the eventual serum PYY level; this is attributed to the activation of the toll-like receptor 2/nuclear factor-κB signaling pathway in enteroendocrine L cells by the peptidoglycan of LCK11. On the other hand, LCK11 supplementation effectively reduces the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio and shifts the overall structure of the HFD-disrupted gut microbiota toward that of mice fed on a low-fat diet; this also contributes to preventing obesity. CONCLUSION: LCK11 shows the potential to be used as a novel probiotic for preventing obesity by both promoting PYY secretion to inhibit food intake and regulating gut microbiota.

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