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1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 332, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Between 2016 and 2019, 265 cases of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection were reported in Vietnam, predominantly in southern Vietnam. In 2016, a case of ZIKV-associated microcephaly was confirmed in the Central Highlands, and several members of the infant's family were confirmed to be infected with ZIKV. The study aims to determine the level of immunity to ZIKV in the general population of the ZIKV epidemic region. METHODS: A total of 879 serum samples were collected from 801 participants between January 2017 and July 2018, during and after the ZIKV epidemic in Vietnam. The samples were tested for anti-ZIKV immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG), and anti-dengue virus (DENV) IgG antibodies using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). Plaque-reduction neutralization test (PRNT) for ZIKV was performed on all samples, and for DENV on the samples that ZIKV neutralizing antibody positive. RESULTS: A total of 83 (10.3%) participants had anti-ZIKV IgM. Of the 83, 6 were confirmed to be ZIKV antibodies positive using PRNT and anti-ZIKV IgG ELISA. Of the 718 participants who were anti-ZIKV IgM negative, a further 3 cases were confirmed as positive for antibodies against ZIKV. Of the 9 participants with ZIKV infection, 5 lived in the same village as the infant with ZIKV-associated microcephaly and the other 4 lived in 2 neighboring communes. Repeat samples were collected from the 83 ZIKV IgM positive participants 1.5 years after the first collection. No new cases of ZIKV infection were detected. In addition, 2 of 3 participants with anti-ZIKV NS1 IgG demonstrated a 4- to 8-fold increase in ZIKV neutralizing antibody titer. CONCLUSIONS: ZIKV was present in the area around Krong Buk, with the rate of ZIKV-specific antibodies was 1.1% in the community since at least 2016. While the low levels of circulation together with low seroprevalence suggests a limited outbreak in the region, the results also reflect on low levels of protective immunity to Zika within the population. These results provide a better understanding of the current ZIKV epidemic status in the region and demonstrate a need for implementation of more effective ZIKV infection control measures.

2.
Am J Hum Genet ; 2020 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413282

RESUMO

Oculopharyngodistal myopathy (OPDM) is an adult-onset inherited neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive ptosis, external ophthalmoplegia, and weakness of the masseter, facial, pharyngeal, and distal limb muscles. The myopathological features are presence of rimmed vacuoles (RVs) in the muscle fibers and myopathic changes of differing severity. Inheritance is variable, with either putative autosomal-dominant or autosomal-recessive pattern. Here, using a comprehensive strategy combining whole-genome sequencing (WGS), long-read whole-genome sequencing (LRS), linkage analysis, repeat-primed polymerase chain reaction (RP-PCR), and fluorescence amplicon length analysis polymerase chain reaction (AL-PCR), we identified an abnormal GGC repeat expansion in the 5' UTR of GIPC1 in one out of four families and three sporadic case subjects from a Chinese OPDM cohort. Expanded GGC repeats were further confirmed as the cause of OPDM in an additional 2 out of 4 families and 6 out of 13 sporadic Chinese individuals with OPDM, as well as 7 out of 194 unrelated Japanese individuals with OPDM. Methylation, qRT-PCR, and western blot analysis indicated that GIPC1 mRNA levels were increased while protein levels were unaltered in OPDM-affected individuals. RNA sequencing indicated p53 signaling, vascular smooth muscle contraction, ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis, and ribosome pathways were involved in the pathogenic mechanisms of OPDM-affected individuals with GGC repeat expansion in GIPC1. This study provides further evidence that OPDM is associated with GGC repeat expansions in distinct genes and highly suggests that expanded GGC repeat units are essential in the pathogenesis of OPDM, regardless of the genes in which the expanded repeats are located.

3.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(1): 67-72, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376560

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The obtain purified recombinant asprosin and test its functions. METHODS: The recombinant plasmid of pET-22b-asprosin was constructed and transformed into competent E.coli BL (DE3) strain. After IPTG-induced expression, asprosin inclusion body was renatured by gradient urea and purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography column followed by removal of endotoxin to obtain recombinant asprosin for use in cells and animals experiments. C57 mice were injected intraperitoneally with the recombinant asprosin and blood glucose was detected using a blood glucose meter. Alamar Blue assay was used to evaluate of the effect of the recombinant asprosin on the viability of MIHA cells, and cellular glycogen content was detected using the anthrone method. RESULTS: At the absorbance at 600 nm of 0.8, induction of the recombinant host bacteria with 1 mmol/L IPTG at 37 ℃ for 4 h optimally induced the expression of asprosin inclusion body. After purification and endotoxin removal, the purity of the recombinant asprosin exceeded 95% with the content of endotoxin below 1 EU/mg. In C57 mice, intraperitoneal injection with recombinant asprosin significantly increased blood glucose level, which reached the peak level at 60 min following the injection (P=0.021) and recovered the normal level at 120 min (P=0.03). Treatment with the recombinant asprosin for 24 h did not cause obvious adverse effect on the viability of MIHA cells but significantly lowered glycogen content in the cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We successfully obtained recombinant asprosin using a prokaryotic expression system. The recombinant asprosin can decrease glycogen content in MIHA cells and increase blood glucose level in mice.

4.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(10): 1203-1210, 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysuria is one of the main symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause, which causes serious disruption to the normal life of peri-menopausal women. Studies have shown that it is related to decrease of detrusor contractile function, but the exact mechanism is still poorly understood. Previous results have suggested that the sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) pathway can regulate detrusor contraction, and this pathway is affected by estrogen in various tissues. However, how estrogen affects this pathway in the detrusor has not been investigated. In this study, we detected changes of the S1P/RhoA/Rho associated kinases (ROCK)/myosin light chain (MLC) pathway in the detrusor of ovariectomized rats in order to explore the underlying mechanism of dysuria during peri-menopause. METHODS: Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into SHAM (sham operation), OVX (ovariectomy), and E groups (ovariectomy + estrogen), with 12 rats in each group. We obtained bladder detrusor tissues from each group and examined the mRNA and protein levels of the major components of the S1P/RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. We also quantified the content of S1P in the detrusor using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Finally, we compared results between the groups with one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: The components of the S1P pathway and the RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway of the OVX group were significantly decreased, as compared with SHAM group. The percent decreases of the components in the S1P pathway were as follows: sphingosine kinase 1 (mRNA: 39%, protein: 45%) (both P < 0.05), S1P (21.73 ±â€Š1.09 nmol/g vs. 18.86 ±â€Š0.69 nmol/g) (P < 0.05), and S1P receptor 2/3 (S1PR2/3) (mRNA: 25%, 27%, respectively) (P < 0.05). However, the protein expression levels of S1PR2/3 and the protein and mRNA levels of SphK2 and S1PR1 did not show significant differences between groups (P > 0.05). The percent decreases of the components in the RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway were as follows: ROCK2 (protein: 41%, mRNA: 36%) (both P < 0.05), p-MYPT1 (protein: 54%) (P < 0.05), and p-MLC20 (protein: 47%) (P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences in the mRNA and protein levels of RhoA, ROCK1, MYPT1, and MLC20 (all P > 0.05). In addition, all of the above-mentioned decreases could be reversed after estrogen supplementation (E group vs. SHAM group) (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this study, we confirmed that ovariectomy is closely associated with the down-regulation of the S1P/RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway in the rat detrusor, which may be one mechanism of dysuria caused by decreased contractile function of the female detrusor during peri-menopause.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436364

RESUMO

Dynamic combinatorial library (DCL) is a powerful tool for ligand discovery in biomedical research; however, the development of DCL has been hampered by its low diversity. Recently, the concept of DNA encoding has been employed in DCL to create DNA-encoded dynamic libraries (DEDLs); however, all current DEDLs are limited to fragment identification, and a challenging process of fragment linking is required after selection. We report an anchor-directed DEDL approach that can identify full ligand structures from large-scale DEDLs. This method is also able to convert unbiased libraries to focused ones targeting specific protein classes. We demonstrated this method by selecting DEDLs against five proteins, and novel inhibitors have been identified for all targets. Notably, several selective BD1/BD2 inhibitors were identified from the selections against BRD4 (bromodomain 4), an important anti-cancer drug target. This work may provide a broadly applicable method for inhibitor discovery.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(10)2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414036

RESUMO

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONPs) are frequently encountered nanomaterials in our daily lives. Despite the benefits of ZnONPs in a variety of applications, many studies have shown potential health hazards of exposure to ZnONPs. We have shown that oropharyngeal aspiration of ZnONPs in mice increases lung inflammation. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying pulmonary inflammatory cell infiltration remain to be elucidated. Endothelium functions as a barrier between the blood stream and the blood vessel wall. Endothelial barrier dysfunction may increase infiltration of immune cells into the vessel wall and underlying tissues. This current study examined the effects of ZnONPs exposure on endothelial barriers. ZnONPs exposure increased leukocyte infiltration in the mouse lungs. In endothelial cells, ZnONPs reduced the continuity of tight junction proteins claudin-5 and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) at the cell junctions. ZnONPs induced adherens junction protein VE-cadherin internalization from membrane to cytosol and dissociation with ß-catenin, leading to reduced and diffused staining of VE-cadherin and ß-catenin at cell junctions. Our results demonstrated that ZnONPs disrupted both tight and adherens junctions, compromising the integrity and stability of the junction network, leading to inflammatory cell infiltration. Thus, ZnONPs exposure in many different settings should be carefully evaluated for vascular effects and subsequent health impacts.

7.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2020 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep breathing disorder and is characterized by chronic intermittent hypoxia, which could cause inflammation and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-KB)-dependent inflammatory pathways activation. Circulating APRIL (a proliferation-inducing ligand) play an important role in promoting inflammation and NF-KB-dependent inflammatory pathways activation. We explored the role of APRIL as a potential mechanism of inflammation in OSA patients. METHODS: After detailed sleep evaluated, venous blood and demographic data were collected from 155 subjects with varying severity of OSA and 52 control subjects. Plasma levels of APRIL were measured by human Magnetic Luminex assay. RESULTS: Plasma APRIL levels were significantly higher in OSA subjects compared with control subjects. Categorization of the OSA subjects into mild, moderate, and severe OSA subgroups found that plasma levels of APRIL increased with the severity of OSA. After adjusting confounding factors, found that increased plasma APRIL levels were conferred a higher odds ratio of OSA. Moreover, plasma APRIL levels were positively associated with the apnea-hypopnea index, which represents the severity of OSA. Furthermore, plasma APRIL showed higher discriminatory accuracy in predicting the presence of OSA. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma APRIL levels were significantly associated with the occurrence of OSA and its severity. APRIL could be a plasma biomarker with a positive diagnostic value for inflammation and NF-KB-dependent inflammatory pathways activation in subjects with OSA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The project was approved by the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (No. ChiCTRROC-17011027).

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysuria is one of the main symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause, which causes serious disruption to the normal life of peri-menopausal women. Studies have shown that it is related to decrease of detrusor contractile function, but the exact mechanism is still poorly understood. Previous results have suggested that the sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) pathway can regulate detrusor contraction, and this pathway is affected by estrogen in various tissues. However, how estrogen affects this pathway in the detrusor has not been investigated. In this study, we detected changes of the S1P/RhoA/Rho associated kinases (ROCK)/myosin light chain (MLC) pathway in the detrusor of ovariectomized rats in order to explore the underlying mechanism of dysuria during peri-menopause. METHODS: Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into SHAM (sham operation), OVX (ovariectomy), and E groups (ovariectomy + estrogen), with 12 rats in each group. We obtained bladder detrusor tissues from each group and examined the mRNA and protein levels of the major components of the S1P/RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. We also quantified the content of S1P in the detrusor using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Finally, we compared results between the groups with one-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: The components of the S1P pathway and the RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway of the OVX group were significantly decreased, as compared with SHAM group. The percent decreases of the components in the S1P pathway were as follows: sphingosine kinase 1 (mRNA: 39%, protein: 45%) (both P < 0.05), S1P (21.73 ±â€Š1.09 nmol/g vs. 18.86 ±â€Š0.69 nmol/g) (P < 0.05), and S1P receptor 2/3 (S1PR2/3) (mRNA: 25%, 27%, respectively) (P < 0.05). However, the protein expression levels of S1PR2/3 and the protein and mRNA levels of SphK2 and S1PR1 did not show significant differences between groups (P > 0.05). The percent decreases of the components in the RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway were as follows: ROCK2 (protein: 41%, mRNA: 36%) (both P < 0.05), p-MYPT1 (protein: 54%) (P < 0.05), and p-MLC20 (protein: 47%) (P < 0.05), but there were no significant differences in the mRNA and protein levels of RhoA, ROCK1, MYPT1, and MLC20 (all P > 0.05). In addition, all of the above-mentioned decreases could be reversed after estrogen supplementation (E group vs. SHAM group) (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this study, we confirmed that ovariectomy is closely associated with the down-regulation of the S1P/RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway in the rat detrusor, which may be one mechanism of dysuria caused by decreased contractile function of the female detrusor during peri-menopause.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279255

RESUMO

Ambient particulate matter is one of the main risk factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in developing countries. However, the studies were scant in China concerning the health effects of the fine particulate matter (PM2.5; particulate matter ≤ 2.5 µm in diameter) on hospital visits for COPD. We applied a generalized additive model (GAM) to calculate relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the associations between hospital visits for COPD and an interquartile range (24.50 µg/m3) increment of ambient PM2.5 concentrations in Yinzhou District between 2016 and 2018. The ambient PM2.5 concentration was positively associated with hospital visits for COPD at a distributed lag of 0-7 days (RR = 1.073, 95% CI, 1.016, 1.133). In the stratified analysis, we found that the association between ambient PM2.5 and COPD was stronger during the warm season (April to September) than that during the cold season (October to March), but we did not observe statistically significant differences in age groups (< 60 years and ≥ 60 years) or gender groups (male and female) related to the effects of PM2.5. The associations between ambient PM2.5 and COPD became partially attenuated after the adjustment for gaseous pollutants in subgroups. Our findings could provide evidence that regulations for controlling both PM2.5 and gaseous pollutants should be implemented to protect the overall population.

11.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(4): 294, 2020 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341359

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a malignant tumor with a poor prognosis and high mortality. However, the biological role of miR-548t-5p in PC has not been reported. In this study, we found that miR-548t-5p expression was significantly decreased in PC tissues compared with adjacent tissues, and that low miR-548t-5p expression was associated with malignant PC behavior. In addition, high miR-548t-5p expression inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of PC cell lines. Regarding the molecular mechanism, the luciferase reporter gene, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), and functional recovery assays revealed that YY1 binds to the miR-548t-5p promoter and positively regulates the expression and function of miR-548t-5p. miR-548t-5p also directly regulates CXCL11 to inhibit its expression. A high level of CXCL11 was associated with worse Tumor Node Metastasis (TNM) staging in patients with PC, enhancing proliferation and metastasis in PC cells. Our study shows that the YY1/miR-548t-5p/CXCL11 axis plays an important role in PC and provides a new potential candidate for the treatment of PC.

12.
J Comput Biol ; 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286084

RESUMO

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, which mainly consist of atherosclerosis (AS), are major causes of death. A great deal of research has been carried out to clarify the molecular mechanisms of AS. However, the etiology of AS remains poorly understood. To screen the potential genes of AS occurrence and development, GSE43292 and GSE57691 were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database in this study for bioinformatic analysis. First, GEO2R was used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and the functional annotation of DEGs was performed by gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis. The Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) tool was used to construct the protein-protein interaction network and the most important modules and core genes were mined. The results show that a total of 211 DEGs are identified. The functional changes of DEGs are mainly associated with the cellular process, catalytic activity, and protein binding. Eighteen genes were identified as core genes. Bioinformatic analysis showed that the core genes are mainly enriched in numerous processes related to actin. In conclusion, the DEGs and hub genes identified in this study may help us understand the potential etiology of the occurrence and development of AS.

13.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1245, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32309912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tracheal injury could cause intratracheal scar hyperplasia which in turn causes benign tracheal stenosis (TS). With the increasing use of mechanical ventilation and ventilator, the incidence of TS is increasing. However, the molecular mechanisms of TS have not been elucidated. It is significant to further explore the molecular mechanisms of TS. METHODS: The repeatability of public data was verified. Differently expressed genes (DEGs) and most significant genes were identified between TS and normal samples. Enrichment analysis of Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were analyzed. The comparative toxicogenomics database were analyzed. TS patients were recruited and RT-qPCR were performed to verify the most significant genes. RESULTS: There exist strong correlations among samples of TS and normal group. There was a total of 194 DEGs, including 61 downregulated DEGs and 133 upregulated DEGs. GO were significantly enriched in mitotic nuclear division, cell cycle, and cell division. Analysis of KEGG indicated that the top pathways were cell cycle, and p53 pathway. MKI67(OMIM:176741), CCNB1(OMIM:123836), and CCNB2(OMIM:602755) were identified as the most significant genes of TS, and validated by the clinical samples. CONCLUSION: Bioinformatics methods might be useful method to explore the mechanisms of TS. In addition, MKI67, CCNB1, and CCNB2 might be the most significant genes of TS.

14.
Mar Drugs ; 18(4)2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272624

RESUMO

Secondary metabolites obtained from marine-derived fungi are rich sources of drug candidates. Three new sesquiterpenoids, chermesiterpenoids A-C (1-3), along with four known alkaloids (4-7), were isolated and identified from the marine red algal-derived fungus Penicillium chermesinum EN-480. The structures of these new sesquiterpenoids were elucidated using detailed analysis of the NMR data and their relative configurations were elucidated using nuclear overhauser effect spectroscopy (NOESY) spectra as well as gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO) NMR shift calculations and DP4+ probability analysis. Their absolute configurations were determined using electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations and modified Mosher's method. Compounds 2 and 3 exhibited potent activities against human and aquatic pathogenic bacteria and plant pathogenic fungi.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32301702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated different influences of 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and demographic factors leading to individual differences in the antihypertensive efficacy of felodipine in healthy Chinese subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 24 subjects were sequenced for candidate SNPs. Plasma samples were obtained as clinical trial protocol, and were determined by a HPLC-MS/MS method. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by WinNonlin 6.0. Statistical analysis was mainly performed by SPSS 22.0. A multiple linear regression model provided different weight coefficients of different demographic and genetic factors. RESULTS: The trend of Cmax is almost consistent with AUCss increase, but tmax of individuals is different; the antihypertensive effect of felodipine is individually different. A significant association was observed between systolic blood pressure decrease (ΔSBP) and SNPs of CACNA1C, CACNA1D, GNB3 respectively, while CACNA1C and CACNA1D were associated with diastolic blood pressure decrease (ΔDBP). CYP3A5 rs766746 and CYP3A4 rs2242480 were linked with Cmax and AUCss, and ABCB1 rs1045642 was associated with T1/2. Significant relationships were shown between AUCss and ΔSBP (p = 0.022) as well as Cmax and ΔSBP (p = 0.015). CONCLUSION: The efficacy of felodipine is individually different, influenced especially by CACNA1C rs1051375 and ABCB1 rs1045642. ΔDBP is associated with ΔSBP in multiple-dosing of felodipine in healthy Chinese subjects.
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16.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(4): 334-338, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32312371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the association of the dynamic changes of peripheral blood human cartilage glycoprotein-39 (YKL-40) and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants, with a gestational age of 28-32 weeks and a birth weight of <1 500 g, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from July 2017 to August 2019 were prospectively selected and divided into a BPD group with 35 infants and a non-BPD group with 51 infants. ELISA was used to measure the serum concentrations of YKL-40 and HMGB1 in preterm infants on days 3, 7, and 14 after birth. RESULTS: The BPD group had a significantly lower serum YKL-40 concentration and a significantly higher serum HMGB1 concentration than the non-BPD group on days 3, 7, and 14 (P<0.001). The serum concentrations of YKL-40 and HMGB1 on days 7 and 14 were significantly higher than those on day 3 in both groups (P<0.017). In the BPD group, HMGB1 concentration on day 14 was significantly higher than that on day 7 (P<0.017), while there was no significant change in YKL-40 concentration from day 7 to day 14 (P>0.017). In the non-BPD group, YKL-40 concentration on day 14 was significantly higher than that on day 7 (P<0.017), while there was no significant change in HMGB1 concentration from day 7 to day 14 (P>0.017). CONCLUSIONS: There are significant differences in the levels of YKL-40 and HMGB1 in peripheral blood between the preterm infants with BPD and those without BPD on days 3, 7, and 14 after birth, suggesting that YKL-40 and HMGB1 might be associated with the development of BPD.

17.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 26(7)2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240079

RESUMO

We analyzed 2 clusters of 12 patients in Vietnam with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection during January-February 2020. Analysis indicated virus transmission from a traveler from China. One asymptomatic patient demonstrated virus shedding, indicating potential virus transmission in the absence of clinical signs and symptoms.

18.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(12): 127194, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32317209

RESUMO

A series of 6-aminocarbonyl pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine derivatives were designed by scaffold hopping strategy. The IC50 values of compound 14a against PI3Ks were measured, showing selective activity against p110α and p110δ with IC50s of 122 nM and 119 nM respectively. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against human cancer cells by SRB assay. Compounds 14a, 14p and 14q exhibited potent antiproliferative activity against five types of human cancer cells and the PK property of 14q was also investigated here.

19.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32128980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), is a widespread agricultural pest that has evolved resistance to many commonly used insecticides including malathion. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are multifunctional enzymes that metabolize insecticides directly or indirectly. The specific mechanism used by GSTs to confer malathion resistance in B. dorsalis is unclear. RESULTS: BdGSTd9 was identified from B. dorsalis and was expressed at twice the level in a malathion-resistant strain (MR) than in a susceptible strain (MS). By using RNAi of BdGSTd9, the toxicity of malathion against MR was increased. Protein modelling and docking of BdGSTd9 with malathion and malaoxon indicated key amino acid residues for direct binding in the active site. In vitro assays with engineered Sf9 cells overexpressing BdGSTd9 demonstrated lower cytotoxicity of malathion. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis indicated that malathion could be broken down significantly by BdGSTd9, and it also could deplete the malathion metabolite malaoxon, which possesses a higher toxicity to B. dorsalis. Taken together, the BdGSTd9 of B. dorsalis could not only deplete malathion, but also react with malaoxon and therefore enhance malathion resistance. CONCLUSION: BdGSTd9 is a component of malathion resistance in B. dorsalis. It acts by depleting both malathion and malaoxon. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

20.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 54, 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131839

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Social Health Scale for the Elderly short version (SHSE-S) is a psychometrically sound instrument that comprehensively assesses the social health status of older adults in China. The aim of the present study was to establish continuous normative data of SHSE-S. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional study among 31 communities in eastern China. Older adults aged 60 years and above were invited to participate in the study. Each participant was interviewed in-person to finish a structured questionnaire. The SHES-S score was calculated and standardized for each participant. We split the sample into generation and validation datasets and compared the distribution of SHSE-S score between two datasets. Multivariable linear regression was used to assess the SHSE-S score and demographic variables. Regression-based norms were built using a four-step process. RESULTS: A total of 6089 participants (51.2% females) aged 60 years old and above (mean age = 71.3, SD = 8.0) were enrolled as the normative sample. No significant difference was found between the distribution of SHSE-S standardized score in the generation (N = 2392) and validation (N = 3697) datasets. Multivariable linear regression showed that females, higher education levels were positive indicators while aging, living alone, divorced or never married, multimorbidity were negative factors. The regression-based norm which taking demographic factors into account was established and a user-friendly worksheet was also provided to facilitate the scoring and norming of the SHSE-S. CONCLUSIONS: The population-based regression norm of SHSE-S can be a useful tool for assessing the social health status of the Chinese elderly population.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Ajustamento Social , Apoio Social
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