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1.
J Neuroimmunol ; 341: 577165, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007786

RESUMO

Neuroinflammation has been considered to be involved in the development of schizophrenia. This study aimed to study circulating autoantibodies for inflammatory cytokines in first-episode schizophrenia. A total of 181 patients and 197 controls were recruited for detection of plasma IgG antibodies against peptide antigens derived from interleukin 1α (IL1α), IL1ß, IL6, IL8 and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα). The major finding was that patients with schizophrenia had significantly higher levels of anti-IL1ß IgG, anti-IL6 IgG and anti-IL8 IgG, and a significantly lower level of anti-IL1α IgG. This study suggests that inflammatory response may contribute to the development of schizophrenia.

2.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(12)2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835711

RESUMO

Female reproductive (ovarian) aging is distinctively characterized by a markedly reduced reproductive function due to a remarkable decline in quality and quantity of follicles and oocytes. Selenium (Se) has been implicated in playing many important biological roles in male fertility and reproduction; however, its potential roles in female reproduction, particularly in aging subjects, remain poorly elucidated. Therefore, in the current study we used a murine model of female reproductive aging and elucidated how different Se-levels might affect the reproductive efficiency in aging females. Our results showed that at the end of an 8-week dietary trial, whole-blood Se concentration and blood total antioxidant capacity (TAOC) were significantly reduced in Se-deficient (0.08 mg Se/kg; Se-D) mice, whereas both of these biomarkers were significantly higher in inorganic (0.33 mg/kg; ISe-S) and organic (0.33 mg/kg; OSe-S) Se-supplemented groups. Similarly, compared to the Se-D group, Se supplementation significantly ameliorated the maintenance of follicles and reduced the rate of apoptosis in ovaries. Meanwhile, the rate of in vitro-produced embryos resulting from germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes was also significantly improved in Se-supplemented (ISe-S and OSe-S) groups compared to the Se-D mice, in which none of the embryos developed to the hatched blastocyst stage. RT-qPCR results revealed that mRNA expression of Gpx1, Gpx3, Gpx4, Selenof, p21, and Bcl-2 genes in ovaries of aging mice was differentially modulated by dietary Se levels. A considerably higher mRNA expression of Gpx1, Gpx3, Gpx4, and Selenof was observed in Se-supplemented groups compared to the Se-D group. Similarly, mRNA expression of Bcl-2 and p21 was significantly lower in Se-supplemented groups. Immunohistochemical assay also revealed a significantly higher expression of GPX4 in Se-supplemented mice. Our results reasonably indicate that Se deficiency (or marginal levels) can negatively impact the fertility and reproduction in females, particularly those of an advancing age, and that the Se supplementation (inorganic and organic) can substantiate ovarian function and overall reproductive efficiency in aging females.

3.
Cell Rep ; 29(8): 2489-2504.e4, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747615

RESUMO

Hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) and subsequent generations of matrix progeny make lineage choices by responding to spatiotemporal signals; however, the cues driving that specification are not well understood. Here, we demonstrate that the dynamics of microRNA (miR)-29 expression are inversely proportional to HFSC lineage progression. Furthermore, we show that sustained miR-29a/b1 overexpression in anagen or telogen in mice causes a short-hair phenotype and eventual hair loss by inhibiting the proliferation of HFSCs and matrix cells and likely preventing their differentiation. Conversely, in a loss-of-function in vivo model, miR-29a/b1 deficiency accelerates HFSC lineage progression in telogen. Mechanistically, miR-29a/b1 blocks HFSC lineage specification by spatiotemporally targeting Ctnnb1, Lrp6, Bmpr1a, and Ccna2. We further show that skin-specific Lrp6 or Bmpr1a ablation partially accounts for the short-hair phenotype. Overall, these synergistic targets reveal miR-29a/b1 as a high-fidelity antagonist of HFSC lineage progression and a potential therapeutic target for hair loss.

4.
J Chem Phys ; 151(11): 114302, 2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542037

RESUMO

To deeply understand the neural-network (NN) fitting procedure in constructing a potential energy surface (PES) in a wide energy range with a rather small database, based on the existing BKMP2 PES of H + H2, the relationship between NN function features and the size of the database is studied using the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree method for quantum dynamics calculations. First, employing 3843, 3843, 2024, and 1448 energy points, four independent NN-PESs are constructed to discuss the relationship among the size of the database, NN functional structure, and fitting accuracy. Dynamics calculations on these different NN PESs give similar reactive probabilities, which indicate that one has to balance the number of energy points for NN training and the number of neurons in the NN function. To explain this problem and try to resolve it, a quantitative model between the data volume and network scale is proposed. Then, this model is discussed and verified through 14 NN PESs fitted using 3843 energy points and various NN functional forms.

5.
Cells ; 8(9)2019 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480299

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of melatonin (MT) supplementation on in vitro maturation of vitrified mouse germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes. The fresh oocytes were randomly divided into three groups: untreated (control), or vitrified by open-pulled straw method without (vitrification group) or with MT supplementation (vitrification + MT group). After warming, oocytes were cultured in vitro, then the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH) levels, mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP levels, spindle morphology, mRNA expression of spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC)-related genes (Mps1, BubR1, Mad1, Mad2), and their subsequent developmental potential in vitro were evaluated. The results showed that vitrification/warming procedures significantly decreased the percentage of GV oocytes developed to metaphase II (MII) stage, the mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP content, and GSH levels, remarkably increased the ROS levels, and significantly impaired the spindle morphology. The expressions of SAC-related genes were also altered in vitrified oocytes. However, when 10-7 mol/L MT was administered during the whole length of the experiment, the percentage of GV oocytes matured to MII stage was significantly increased, and the other indicators were also significantly improved and almost recovered to the normal levels relative to the control. Thus, we speculate that MT might regulate the mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP content, ROS, GSH, and expression of SAC-related genes, potentially increasing the in vitro maturation of vitrified-warmed mouse GV oocytes.

6.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 15(4): 921-926, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436253

RESUMO

Aims: ATP-binding cassette subfamily C member 3 (ABCC3) is involved in multidrug resistance and is overexpressed in some solid tumors. Recent work revealed an increase in circulating anti-ABCC3 antibodies in lung and esophageal cancers. This in vitro study was undertaken to investigate the effects of the natural IgG antibody against the ABCC3-derived peptide antigen on proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and augment the development of efficient and effective treatments in patients with OSCC. Subjects and Methods: An in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was applied to detect anti-ABCC3 IgG antibody in human plasma. Two OSCC cell lines, CAL27 and SCC15, were cultured with 20% plasma either positive or negative for anti-ABCC3 IgG. Cell proliferation was quantified by the CCK-8 method, and cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were analyzed by flow cytometry. The expression of the ABCC3 gene in the cell lines was analyzed by reverse transcriptase quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: The results showed that plasma anti-ABCC3 IgG significantly inhibited the proliferation of CAL27 cells but not SCC15 cells, although ABCC3 was expressed in both cell lines. The proportion of apoptotic cells was significantly higher in CAL27 cells treated with anti-ABCC3 IgG-positive plasma than in those treated with IgG-negative plasma. Cell cycle progression was arrested in CAL27 cells treated with anti-ABCC3 IgG-positive plasma. Conclusions: Our data suggest that human plasma anti-ABCC3 IgG may be a promising agent in anti-OSCC therapy, although further studies are needed to arrive at a definitive conclusion.

7.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 8(8)2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382427

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) is an important trace mineral having many essential roles at the cellular and organismal levels in animal and human health. The biological effects of Se are mainly carried out by selenoproteins (encoded by 25 genes in humans and 24 in mice). As an essential component of selenoproteins, Se performs structural and enzymic roles; in the latter context it is well known for its catalytic and antioxidative functions. Studies involving different animal models have added great value to our understanding regarding the potential implications of Se and selenoproteins in mammalian fertility and reproduction. In this review, we highlight the implications of selenoproteins in male fertility and reproduction followed by the characteristic biological functions of Se and selenoproteins associated with overall male reproductive function. It is evident from observations of past studies (both animal and human) that Se is essentially required for spermatogenesis and male fertility, presumably because of its vital role in modulation of antioxidant defense mechanisms and other essential biological pathways and redox sensitive transcription factors. However, bearing in mind the evidences from mainstream literature, it is also advisable to perform more studies focusing on the elucidation of additional roles played by the peculiar and canonical selenoproteins i.e., glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and selenoprotein P (SELENOP) in the male reproductive functions. Nevertheless, search for the elucidation of additional putative mechanisms potentially modulated by other biologically relevant selenoproteins should also be included in the scope of future studies. However, as for the implication of Se in fertility and reproduction in men, though a few clinical trials explore the effects of Se supplementation on male fertility, due to inconsistencies in the recruitment of subjects and heterogeneity of designs, the comparison of such studies is still complicated and less clear. Therefore, further research focused on the roles of Se and selenoproteins is awaited for validating the evidences at hand and outlining any therapeutic schemes intended for improving male fertility. As such, new dimensions could be added to the subject of male fertility and Se supplementation.

8.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332295

RESUMO

Quiescent satellite cells (SCs) that are activated to produce numerous myoblasts underpin the complete healing of damaged skeletal muscle. How cell-autonomous regulatory mechanisms modulate the balance among cells committed to differentiation and those committed to self-renewal to maintain the stem cell pool remains poorly explored. Here, we show that miR-31 inactivation compromises muscle regeneration in adult mice by impairing the expansion of myoblasts. miR-31 is pivotal for SC proliferation, and its deletion promotes asymmetric cell fate segregation of proliferating cells, resulting in enhanced myogenic commitment and re-entry into quiescence. Further analysis revealed that miR-31 posttranscriptionally suppresses interleukin 34 (IL34) mRNA, the protein product of which activates JAK-STAT3 signaling required for myogenic progression. IL34 inhibition rescues the regenerative deficiency of miR-31 knockout mice. Our results provide evidence that targeting miR-31 or IL34 activities in SCs could be used to counteract the functional exhaustion of SCs in pathological conditions.

9.
FEBS Open Bio ; 9(10): 1705-1712, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336035

RESUMO

It was recently reported that levels of plasma IgG antibodies against peptide antigens derived from proteins encoded by schizophrenia-associated genes are altered in individuals with schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics. This study aimed to replicate the initial finding in antipsychotic-naïve patients with first-episode schizophrenia and to explore the possible mechanism by which immune tolerance of B cells may be altered in this disease. A total of 408 case-control plasma samples were collected for analysis of circulating IgG antibodies against fragments derived from TCF4, TSNARE1, ZNF804A, TRANK1, ERCC4, DPYD and CD25 using an in-house ELISA. The Mann-Whitney U-test revealed that patients with schizophrenia had a significant change in plasma anti-TSNARE1 and anti-CD25 IgG levels; male patients mainly contributed to the increased levels of anti-TSNARE1 IgG and anti-CD25 IgG. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed that the anti-TSNARE1 IgG assay had an area under the ROC curve of 0.625 with a sensitivity of 15.7% and a specificity of 95.2%. Work on a B-cell model revealed that TRANK1-derived antigen treatments could enhance the proportions of CD83+ cells and apoptotic B cells when compared with TSNARE1-derived antigen and vehicle treatment. We conclude that there is a gender difference in autoimmune responses in schizophrenia and suggest that anti-TSNARE1 IgG may be indicative of schizophrenia in a subgroup of male patients.

10.
Cells ; 8(5)2019 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096686

RESUMO

Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD) bring heavy burden to patients' families and society. Because the incidence of this disease is very low, studies in patients are extremely limited. Animal models of this disease are indispensable. UCMD belongs to extracellular matrix-related diseases. However, the disease models constructed by knocking out some pathogenic genes of human, such as the Col6a1, Col6a2, or Col6a3 gene, of mice could not mimic UCMD. The purpose of this study is to construct a mouse model which can resemble the pathology of UCMD. miR-29 is closely related to extracellular matrix deposition of tissues and organs. To address this issue, we developed a mouse model for overexpression miR-29 using Tet-on system. In the muscle-specific miR-29ab1 cluster transgenic mice model, we found that mice exhibited dyskinesia, dyspnea, and spinal anomaly. The skeletal muscle was damaged and regenerated. At the same time, we clarify the molecular mechanism of the role of miR-29 in this process. Different from human, Col4a1 and Col4a2, target genes of miR-29, are the key pathogenic genes associating with these phenotypes. This mouse model simulates the human clinical and pathological characteristics of UCMD patients and is helpful for the subsequent research and treatment of UCMD.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Distrofias Musculares/genética , Distrofias Musculares/patologia , Esclerose/genética , Esclerose/patologia , Animais , Colágeno Tipo IV/genética , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Mutação , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/genética , Fenótipo
11.
J Chem Phys ; 150(4): 044307, 2019 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30709288

RESUMO

Based on the recently constructed neural-network potential energy surface [Chen et al., J. Chem. Phys. 138, 221104 (2013)], ring-polymer molecular dynamics (RPMD) calculations are performed to compute rate coefficients of the barrierless OH + CO system at T ≤ 500 K. To recover the barrierless feature, a Lindemann-Hinshelwood-type mechanism and hence a reduced rate coefficient are used to approximate the overall rate coefficient. An agreement between RPMD and experimental rate coefficients can be found. These RPMD results reproduce correctly the temperature-independence of the overall rate coefficient. Finally, potential sources of errors in the present RPMD calculations are discussed.

12.
Psychiatry Res ; 272: 454-457, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30611964

RESUMO

A recent study suggested that digestion-resistant peptides derived from wheat gluten (mainly gliadin) could induce the secretion of anti-gliadin IgG antibodies in patients with schizophrenia. This research was then designed to replicate this initial finding in 134 drug-naïve patients with first-episode schizophrenia and 160 healthy controls. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed in-house with 8 gliadin-derived peptide antigens to test anti-gliadin IgG antibodies in the circulation. The results showed that schizophrenia patients had significantly higher levels of plasma anti-AL2G2 IgG and anti-ABO3a IgG than healthy controls. Based on the specificity of 95%, anti-AL2G2 IgG assay had a sensitivity of 12.7% and anti-ABO3a IgG assay had a sensitivity of 17.2% for anti-ABO3a IgG assay. Increased levels of anti-AL2G2 and anti-ABC3a IgG antibodies were not correlated with total IgG levels in either the patient group or the control group. In conclusion, circulating IgG against AL2G2 and ABO3a may be useful biomarkers for identification of a gluten-sensitive subgroup of schizophrenia in the Chinese population although the present results are rather different from the work performed in a British population.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Gliadina/sangue , Vigilância da População , Esquizofrenia/sangue , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População/métodos , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
13.
Bioconjug Chem ; 30(2): 284-292, 2019 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30543405

RESUMO

The rapid developments of gene therapy are benefit from the construction of efficient gene vectors, which help therapy genes efficiently overcome the barriers in the transport and transfection. Condensing DNA into nanoparticles is a crucial role in gene transfection, and the electrostatic interactions of synthetic cationic liposomes and cationic polymers with DNA are generally used for condensing DNA. Recent research has shown that the introduction of the hydrophobic interaction, hydrogen bonding, and coordinative interactions to the gene delivery vectors is also very important for DNA condensation, delivery, and transfection. This review focuses on the four types of interactions in condensed DNA nanoparticles, which could provide a new perspective for improving gene transfection efficacy.


Assuntos
DNA/administração & dosagem , DNA/química , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Animais , Cátions/química , DNA/genética , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Lipossomos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Polímeros/química , Eletricidade Estática , Transfecção/métodos
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 19(12)2018 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30551578

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of melatonin on the cell cycle of parthenogenetic embryos derived from vitrified mouse metaphase II (MII) oocytes. Fresh oocytes were randomly allocated into three groups: untreated (control), or vitrified by the open-pulled straw method without (Vitrification group) or with melatonin (MT) supplementation (Vitrification + MT group). After warming, oocytes were parthenogenetically activated and cultured in vitro, then the percentage of embryos in the G1/S phase, the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH), and the mRNA expression of cell cycle-related genes (P53, P21 and E2F1) in zygotes and their subsequent developmental potential in vitro were evaluated. The results showed that the vitrification/warming procedures significantly decreased the frequency of the S phase, markedly increased ROS and GSH levels and the expression of P53 and P21 genes, and decreased E2F1 expression in zygotes at the G1 stage and their subsequent development into 2-cell and blastocyst stage embryos. However, when 10-9 mol/L MT was administered for the whole duration of the experiment, the frequency of the S phase in zygotes was significantly increased, while the other indicators were also significantly improved and almost recovered to the normal levels shown in the control. Thus, MT might promote G1-to-S progression via regulation of ROS, GSH and cell cycle-related genes, potentially increasing the parthenogenetic development ability of vitrified⁻warmed mouse oocytes.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Glutationa/metabolismo , Melatonina/farmacologia , Oócitos/citologia , Partenogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Criopreservação , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Vitrificação , Zigoto/crescimento & desenvolvimento
15.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 5129, 2018 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30510196

RESUMO

Satellite cells are crucial for skeletal muscle regeneration, but the molecular mechanisms regulating satellite cells are not entirely understood. Here, we show that the immunoglobulin superfamily containing leucine-rich repeat (Islr), a newly identified marker for mesenchymal stem cells, stabilizes canonical Wnt signaling and promote skeletal muscle regeneration. Loss of Islr delays skeletal muscle regeneration in adult mice. In the absence of Islr, myoblasts fail to develop into mature myotubes due to defective differentiation. Islr interacts with Dishevelled-2 (Dvl2) to activate canonical Wnt signaling, consequently regulating the myogenic factor myogenin (MyoG). Furthermore, Islr stabilizes Dvl2 by reducing the level of LC3-labeled Dvl2 and preventing cells from undergoing autophagy. Together, our findings identify Islr as an important regulator for skeletal muscle regeneration.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Proteínas Desgrenhadas/metabolismo , Imunoglobulinas/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Regeneração , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas Desgrenhadas/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/genética , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Músculo Esquelético/lesões , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Mioblastos/citologia , Mioblastos/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA
16.
J Chem Phys ; 149(17): 174303, 2018 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409010

RESUMO

The rate coefficients of the H + H2O2 → H2 + HO2 reaction are calculated using the ring polymer molecular dynamics (RPMD), quasi-classical trajectory (QCT), and canonical variational transition state theory (CVT) with small curvature tunneling (SCT) correction, in conjunction with the recently constructed fundamental invariant-neural network (FI-NN) potential energy surface (PES) [X. Lu et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 20, 23095 (2018)]. In RPMD calculations, 32, 16, and 8 beads are used for computing the rate coefficients at 200 K ≤ T ≤ 400 K, 500 K ≤ T ≤ 700 K, and 700 K < T ≤ 1000 K, respectively. Given that the previous experimental rate coefficients vary widely, in particular, at low temperatures, the present RPMD rate coefficients agree well with most of the experimental results. In addition, comparing with some experimental values, the present QCT and CVT/SCT calculations on the FI-NN PES also predict accurate results at some temperatures. These results strongly support the accuracy of the present dynamics calculations as well as the full-dimensional FI-NN PES.

17.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(42): 8320-8325, 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281311

RESUMO

To compute the rate coefficients of the hydrogen abstraction of chlorine plus methane (Me), ethane (Et), and propane (Pr), extensive ring-polymer molecular dynamics (RPMD) calculations are performed in conjunction with the potential energy surface of Cl + Me ( J. Chem. Phys. 2006 , 124 , 124306 ). To treat Cl + Et and Cl + Pr, the recently proposed coarse-grained treatment ( J. Chem. Phys. 2017 , 146 , 024108 ) of RPMD is used. Compared with previous results, good agreement can be found. Several probable reasons for the temperature dependence feature of the rate coefficients of the heavy-light-heavy reactions are discussed through a mass coupling model.

18.
PLoS One ; 13(7): e0201551, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30063763

RESUMO

MiRNAs play an important role in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. MiR-18a is increasingly being recognized as a regulator of cancer pathogenesis. Here, we discovered that miR-18a participates in myoblasts proliferation. Expression of miR-18a was downregulated with the differentiation of C2C12 myoblasts. Overexpression of miR-18a affected the proliferation of C2C12 cells, primary myoblasts and RD cells. MiR-18a influenced the expression of cell cycle-related genes. Using TargetScan 6.2, we found that the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the mouse Fgf1 gene contains complementary sequences to miR-18a. Using a siRNA, we confirmed that the reduction in the Fgf1 levels inhibited proliferation of C2C12 cells. Therefore, our results show that miR-18a participates in the regulation of proliferation by partly decreasing the expression of Fgf1.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Mioblastos/fisiologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética
19.
Reprod Fertil Dev ; 30(10): 1298-1313, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29661269

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of vitrification on the dynamics of the global transcriptome in bovine germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes and their in vitro-derived metaphase II (MII) oocytes. The GV oocytes were vitrified using the open-pulled straw method. After warming, GV oocytes and the resulting MII-stage oocytes were cultured in vitro for 2h and 24h respectively and were then collected. The fresh GV oocytes and their in vitro-derived MII oocytes were used as controls. Then, each pool (fresh GV, n=3; vitrified GV, n=4; fresh MII, n=1 and MII derived from vitrified GV, n=2) from the different stages was used for mRNA transcriptome sequencing. The results showed that the in vitro maturation rates of GV oocytes were significantly decreased (32.36% vs 53.14%) after vitrification. Bovine GV oocyte vitrification leads to 12 significantly upregulated and 19 downregulated genes. After culturing in vitro, the vitrification-derived MII oocytes showed 47 significantly upregulated and six downregulated genes when compared with those from fresh GV oocytes. Based on molecular function-gene ontology terms analysis and the Kyoto encyclopaedia of genes (KEGG) pathway database, the differentially expressed genes were associated with the pathways of cell differentiation and mitosis, transcription regulation, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, apoptosis and so on, which potentially result in the lower in vitro development of GV bovine oocytes.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/métodos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Animais , Bovinos , Núcleo Celular/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Criopreservação , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Metáfase , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oogênese/genética , Vitrificação
20.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 2781, 2018 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29426944

RESUMO

In this study, we upregulated insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1) expression specifically in skeletal muscle by engineering an enhancer into its non-coding regions and verified the expected phenotype in a mouse model. To select an appropriate site for introducing a skeletal muscle-specific myosin light chain (MLC) enhancer, three candidate sites that exhibited the least evolutionary conservation were chosen and validated in C2C12 single-cell colonies harbouring the MLC enhancer at each site. IGF1 was dramatically upregulated in only the site 2 single-cell colony series, and it exhibited functional activity leading to the formation of extra myotubes. Therefore, we chose site 2 to generate a genetically modified (GM) mouse model with the MLC enhancer incorporated by CRISPR/Cas9 technology. The GM mice exhibited dramatically elevated IGF1 levels, which stimulated downstream pathways in skeletal muscle. Female GM mice exhibited more conspicuous muscle hypertrophy than male GM mice. The GM mice possessed similar circulating IGF1 levels and tibia length as their WT littermates; they also did not exhibit heart abnormalities. Our findings demonstrate that genetically modifying a non-coding region is a feasible method to upregulate gene expression and obtain animals with desirable traits.


Assuntos
Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipertrofia , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Camundongos/genética , Doenças Musculares , Animais , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Feminino , Masculino , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Cadeias Leves de Miosina/genética , Fenótipo , Regulação para Cima
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