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2.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(1)2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33451157

RESUMO

Oxidative stress generated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a critical role in the pathomechanism of glaucoma, which is a multifactorial blinding disease that may cause irreversible damage within human trabecular meshwork cells (HTMCs). It is known that the transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) signaling pathway is an important component of oxidative stress-induced damage related to extracellular matrix (ECM) fibrosis and activates cell antioxidative mechanisms. To elucidate the dual potential roles and regulatory mechanisms of TGF-ß in effects on HTMCs, we established an in vitro oxidative model using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and further focused on TGF-ß-related oxidative stress pathways and the related signal transduction. Via a series of cell functional qualitative analyses to detect related protein level alterations and cell fibrosis status, we illustrated the role of TGF-ß1 and TGF-ß2 in oxidative stress-induced injury by shTGF-ß1 and shTGF-ß2 knockdown or added recombinant human TGF-ß1 protein (rhTGF-ß1). The results of protein level showed that p38 MAPK, TGF-ß, and its related SMAD family were activated after H2O2 stimulation. Cell functional assays showed that HTMCs with H2O2 exposure duration had a more irregular actin architecture compared to normal TM cells. Data with rhTGF-ß1 (1 ng/mL) pretreatment reduced the cell apoptosis rate and amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS), while it also enhanced survival. Furthermore, TGF-ß1 and TGF-ß2 in terms of antioxidant signaling were related to the activation of collagen I and laminin, which are fibrosis-response proteins. Succinctly, our study demonstrated that low concentrations of TGF-ß1 (1 ng/mL) preserves HTMCs from free radical-mediated injury by p-p38 MAPK level and p-AKT signaling balance, presenting a signaling transduction mechanism of TGF-ß1 in HTMC oxidative stress-related therapies.

3.
Nat Mater ; 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479526

RESUMO

Metal fluorides, promising lithium-ion battery cathode materials, have been classified as conversion materials due to the reconstructive phase transitions widely presumed to occur upon lithiation. We challenge this view by studying FeF3 using X-ray total scattering and electron diffraction techniques that measure structure over multiple length scales coupled with density functional theory calculations, and by revisiting prior experimental studies of FeF2 and CuF2. Metal fluoride lithiation is instead dominated by diffusion-controlled displacement mechanisms, and a clear topological relationship between the metal fluoride F- sublattices and that of LiF is established. Initial lithiation of FeF3 forms FeF2 on the particle's surface, along with a cation-ordered and stacking-disordered phase, A-LixFeyF3, which is structurally related to α-/ß-LiMn2+Fe3+F6 and which topotactically transforms to B- and then C-LixFeyF3, before forming LiF and Fe. Lithiation of FeF2 and CuF2 results in a buffer phase between FeF2/CuF2 and LiF. The resulting principles will aid future developments of a wider range of isomorphic metal fluorides.

4.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 47-53, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441228

RESUMO

Objective To compare the consistency of immunohistochemical staining between the two commercial secondary antibodies. Methods Eighteen common immunohistochemical primary antibodies were selected and positive and negative controls were set up according to the recommendations from the AD Hoc Committee of International Experts. Under the same experimental conditions, the DAKO automatic immunohistochemical staining platform was used to test two different secondary antibodies for immunohistochemical staining. The standard group for the secondary antibody was provided by the DAKO polymer system (DAKO EnVision FLEX, High pH), and the experimental group for the secondary antibody was provided by the Power-StainTM kit (Power-StainTM 1.0 Poly HRP DAB Kit for Mouse+Rabbit). Subsequently, the images were captured. A single-blind, positioning, qualitative and semi-quantitative scoring criterion was used for describing the positive stains by the experienced pathologist. Absorbance corrected values, measured area values and positive integral absorbance were detected by the digital pathology quantitative measurement in the same areas from the two groups. Then, the mean absorbance was calculated. Results The stains of all the samples from the two groups showed accurate location and consistent qualitative evaluation. No significant differences were found between the two groups in all the semi-quantitative scoring, including stain intensity, positive stain percentages and mean absorbance. Conclusion The two commercial secondary antibodies have strong consistency in the immunohistochemical staining.


Assuntos
Anticorpos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Animais , Imuno-Histoquímica , Camundongos , Coelhos , Método Simples-Cego , Coloração e Rotulagem
5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 253: 117168, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33278963

RESUMO

We report a modified starch-poly(butylene adipate co-terephthalate) (PBAT) film (MSPF) prepared by extrusion blowing. Polyurethane prepolymer (PUP), was modified to the starch to enhance the compatibility. Different contents of amylose was blended with PBAT for improving mechanical strength and oxygen-barrier properties of MSPF. The microstructures, crystallinity, mechanical properties, oxygen-barrier capacity of MSPF were thoroughly evaluated. The result showed that MSPF with high starch content and excellent performances was successfully prepared with the synergy of PUP modification, amylose introduction and extrusion blowing. The crystallinity, hydrophobicity, oxygen-barrier properties and mechanical properties of MSPF increased with the increasing amylose content. The maximum tensile strength and elongation at break of MSPF reached 10.6 MPa and 805.6 %, respectively, even at the high starch content of 50 %. The result demonstrated that MSPF having excellent mechanical properties and oxygen-barrier properties could be use in the biodegradable field such as packaging materials, agricultural films and garbage bags.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281091

RESUMO

Mercury is an environmental contaminant, which is highly toxic even at extremely low concentrations. Long-term accumulation of mercury in human body will damage the central nervous system or digestive tract system. Here, a new fluorescent chemical sensor Dansyl-His-Pro-Gly-Asp-NH2 (D-P4) was synthesized for the determination of Hg2+. The D-P4 sensor exhibits excellent selectivity and sensitivity to Hg2+ in aqueous solution with a 'turn-off' fluorescence response. Furthermore, D-P4-Hg system displays a good 'turn-on' fluorescence response to biothiols. The calculated binding constant for the 1:1 complex of D-P4 with Hg2 + is 1.07 × 105 M-1, which also confirms the high affinity of D-P4 for Hg2+. Results indicate that the detection limit of D-P4 for Hg2+ is 61.0 nM, and that of D-P4-Hg system for Cys is as low as 80.0 nM.

7.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 270, 2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33267897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and epigenetic mechanisms promote metastasis. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) and noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are important epigenetic regulators. Here, we elucidated a novel role of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) in regulating EMT and CRC metastasis via ncRNA. METHODS: The expression of HDACs in CRC was analyzed using the public databases and matched primary and metastatic tissues, and CRC cells with different metastatic potentials (DLD1, HCT116, SW480 and SW620). Microarray analysis was used to identify differential genes in parental and HDAC2 knockout CRC cells. EMT and histone modifications were determined using western blot and immunofluorescence. Migration ability was assessed by transwell assay, and metastasis was assessed in vivo using a tail vain injection. Gene expression and regulation was assessed by RT-PCR, chromatin immunoprecipitation and reporter assays. Protein interaction was assessed by immunoprecipitation. Specific siRNAs targeting H19, SP1 and MMP14 were used to validate their role in HDAC2 loss induced EMT and metastasis. RESULTS: Reduced HDAC2 expression was associated with poor prognosis in CRC patients and found in CRC metastasis. HDAC2 deletion or knockdown induced EMT and metastasis by upregulating the long noncoding RNA H19 (LncRNA H19). HDAC2 inhibited LncRNA H19 expression by histone H3K27 deacetylation in its promoter via binding with SP1. LncRNA H19 functioned as a miR-22-3P sponge to increase the expression of MMP14. HDAC2 loss strongly promoted CRC lung metastasis, which was suppressed LncRNA H19 knockdown. CONCLUSION: Our study supports HDAC2 as a CRC metastasis suppressor through the inhibition of EMT and the expression of H19 and MMP14.

8.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(11): 895-901, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of perpendicular and subcutaneous transverse needling at "Sanyinjiao" (SP6) on visceral pain behavior, arginine vasopressin (AVP) content in the serum, uterine tissues, spinal cord and hypothalamus and expression of AVP receptors AVPR1A and AVPR1B in the uterine tissues, spinal cord and hypothalamus in cold-stasis (stasis due to pathogenic cold) type dysmenorrhea rats, so as to explore their mechanisms underlying pain relief. METHODS: Forty female SD rats were randomly divided into blank control, model, perpendicular needling and transverse needling groups, with 10 rats in each group. The cold-stasis dysmenorrhea rat model was established by exposure in a freezer (-25 ℃) for 4 h, once daily for 5 days, and subcutaneous injection of estradiol benzoate (once daily for 10 days) and intra-abdominal injection of oxytocin injection (once). For rats of the two acupuncture groups, acupuncture needles were inserted into the bilateral SP6 perpendicularly or transversely to a depth of about 4-5 mm, and retained for 20 min. The abdominal pain behavior was assessed by recording the writhing latency and scaling the rats' writhing reactions after modeling. The contents of AVP in the serum, uterus, spinal cord and hypothalamus tissues were assayed using ELISA and the expression of AVPR1A and AVPR1B in the uterus, spinal cord and hypothalamus was measured by using Western blot and quantitative real time-PCR, respectively. RESULTS: After mode-ling and compared with the blank control group, the writhing latency was significantly shortened (P<0.05), and the writhing score in the first 20 min was significantly increased (P<0.01) in the model group. After the intervention, the writhing latency was significantly prolonged (P<0.01), and the writhing scores in 20 min were significantly decreased (P<0.01) in the two needling groups. The AVP contents were obviously increased in the serum and uterine tissue (P<0.05, P<0.01) but decreased appa-rently in the spinal cord and hypothalamus tissues (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the expression levels of AVPR1A or AVPR1B protein and mRNA were markedly increased in the uterine tissues (P<0.01, P<0.05), and significantly decreased in the spinal cord and hypotha-lamus in the model group relevant to the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Following the intervention, The AVP content in the serum of the perpendicular needling group (P<0.05) and that in the uterus of the two needling groups were significantly decreased (P<0.01), as well as that in the hypothalamus was obviously increased in the two needling groups (P<0.05). The expression levels of AVPR1A protein and mRNA in the uterus were significantly down-regulated in the two needling groups (P<0.01, P<0.05) and AVPR1B protein in the hypothalamus of the perpendicular needling group was up-regulated (P<0.05). Moreover, no significant differences were found between the two needling groups in regulating the related indexes mentioned above (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Both perpendicular and subcutaneous transverse needling at SP6 have an immediate analgesic effect in cold-stasis type dysmenorrhea rats, which may be related to their effects in regulating AVP levels and its receptor expression in the uterine and hypothalamus.

9.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 12473-12485, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299354

RESUMO

Purpose: In medulloblastoma (MB), group 3 (G3) patients with MYC amplification tend to exhibit worse prognosis, thus creating a need for novel effective therapies. As the driver and crucial dependency for MYC-amplified G3-MB, MYC has been proven to be a prospective therapeutic target. Here, we aimed to identify novel effective therapeutic strategies against MYC-amplified G3-MB via targeting MYC translation. Materials and Methods: Major components of translation initiation complex eIF4F were subjected to MB tumor dataset analysis, and EIF4A1 was identified to be a potential therapeutic target of MYC-amplified G3-MB. Validation was performed through genetic or pharmacological approaches with multiple patient-derived tumor models of MYC-amplified G3-MB in vitro and in vivo. Underlying mechanisms were further explored by Western blot, quantitative real-time PCR and mass spectrometry (MS) analyses. Results: MB tumor datasets analyses showed that EIF4A1 was significantly up-regulated in G3-MB patients relative to normal cerebella, positively correlated with MYC in G3-MB at transcriptional level and a crucial cancer dependency in MYC-amplified G3-MB cells. Targeting EIF4A1 with a CRISPR/Cas9 approach or small-molecule inhibitor silvestrol effectively attenuated growth in multiple preclinical models of MYC-amplified G3-MB via blocking proliferation and inducing apoptosis. Mechanistically, EIF4A1 inhibition effectively impeded MYC expression at translational level, and its potency was positively associated with MYC level. Whole-proteome MS analysis of silvestrol-treated cells further unveiled other biological functions and pathways influenced by EIF4A1 inhibition. Conclusion: Our investigation shows that interrupting MYC translation by EIF4A1 inhibition could be a potential effective therapeutic approach when treating patients with MYC-amplified G3-MB.

10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 6322, 2020 12 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303760

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is the most frequent primary bone tumor with poor prognosis. Through RNA-sequencing of 100,987 individual cells from 7 primary, 2 recurrent, and 2 lung metastatic osteosarcoma lesions, 11 major cell clusters are identified based on unbiased clustering of gene expression profiles and canonical markers. The transcriptomic properties, regulators and dynamics of osteosarcoma malignant cells together with their tumor microenvironment particularly stromal and immune cells are characterized. The transdifferentiation of malignant osteoblastic cells from malignant chondroblastic cells is revealed by analyses of inferred copy-number variation and trajectory. A proinflammatory FABP4+ macrophages infiltration is noticed in lung metastatic osteosarcoma lesions. Lower osteoclasts infiltration is observed in chondroblastic, recurrent and lung metastatic osteosarcoma lesions compared to primary osteoblastic osteosarcoma lesions. Importantly, TIGIT blockade enhances the cytotoxicity effects of the primary CD3+ T cells with high proportion of TIGIT+ cells against osteosarcoma. These results present a single-cell atlas, explore intratumor heterogeneity, and provide potential therapeutic targets for osteosarcoma.

11.
Cells ; 10(1)2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33375215

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) accounts for 10% of hematologic malignancies. CLL is a malignancy of CD5+ B cells and it is characterized by the accumulation of small, mature-appearing neoplastic lymphocytes in the blood, bone marrow, and secondary lymphoid tissues. In the present case, a middle-aged female patient with poor prognosis unmutated IGHV CLL achieved cytogenetic and molecular remission with minimal adverse events following six cycles of low dose recombinant human IL-2 (rIL-2) in combination with low dose targeted venetoclax. Personalized low dose rIL-2 in combination with either lenalidomide or venetoclax mediates natural killer stimulation and is an effective non-toxic immunotherapy administered in the outpatient setting for poor prognosis CLL.

12.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 299, 2020 12 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372174

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has quickly spread worldwide and has affected more than 10 million individuals. A typical feature of COVID-19 is the suppression of type I and III interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral immunity. However, the molecular mechanism by which SARS-CoV-2 evades antiviral immunity remains elusive. Here, we reported that the SARS-CoV-2 membrane (M) protein inhibits the production of type I and III IFNs induced by the cytosolic dsRNA-sensing pathway mediated by RIG-I/MDA-5-MAVS signaling. In addition, the SARS-CoV-2 M protein suppresses type I and III IFN induction stimulated by SeV infection or poly (I:C) transfection. Mechanistically, the SARS-CoV-2 M protein interacts with RIG-I, MAVS, and TBK1, thus preventing the formation of the multiprotein complex containing RIG-I, MAVS, TRAF3, and TBK1 and subsequently impeding the phosphorylation, nuclear translocation, and activation of IRF3. Consequently, ectopic expression of the SARS-CoV-2 M protein facilitates the replication of vesicular stomatitis virus. Taken together, these results indicate that the SARS-CoV-2 M protein antagonizes type I and III IFN production by targeting RIG-I/MDA-5 signaling, which subsequently attenuates antiviral immunity and enhances viral replication. This study provides insight into the interpretation of SARS-CoV-2-induced antiviral immune suppression and illuminates the pathogenic mechanism of COVID-19.


Assuntos
/metabolismo , Proteína DEAD-box 58/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/biossíntese , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/metabolismo , Interferons/biossíntese , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/metabolismo , Animais , Chlorocebus aethiops , Proteína DEAD-box 58/genética , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/genética , Interferons/genética , Células Vero , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/genética
13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(10): 3473-3479, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314837

RESUMO

Shading is one of the important strategies to protect seedlings of Paeonia lactiflora. The effects of shading treatments on seedling growth and mineral accumulation of Duolun P. lactiflora were investigated in a greenhouse experiment to provide guidance for P. lactiflora cultivation. One week after emergence, seedlings were treated with 20%, 40%, 60% or 80% shading for two months, with no-shading as the control (CK). The results showed that shading treatments significantly increased plant height by 19.9%, 31.1%, 52.9%, and 63.7%, respectively. However, shading significantly reduced the root mass ratio and root to shoot ratio by 21.5%, 23.6%, 29.2%, 41.8% and 40.6%, 44.0%, 50.9%, 63.2%, respectively. Moreover, 40%, 60% and 80% shading significantly increased specific leaf area by 77.0%, 84.1% and 65.2%, and significantly increased chlorophyll content by 92.3%, 128.7%, 98.1%, and increased carotenoid content by 86.9%, 113.1% and 90.5%, respectively. The treatments of 40%, 60%, and 80% shading significantly decreased root biomass by 61.4%, 74.3% and 78.6%, respectively. Compared with CK, 20%, 40% and 80% shading, the 60% shading treatment increased root phosphorus content by 245.7%, 65.9%, 40.5% and 10.3%, increased potassium content by 102.9%, 131.7%, 57.0%, 63.3% and magnesium content by 131.3%, 55.1%, 40.4%, 7.7%, respectively. 60% shading was an appropriate shading intensity for P. lactiflora seedling cultivation based on local conditions in Duolun.


Assuntos
Paeonia , Plântula , Clorofila , Minerais , Folhas de Planta
14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20363, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230147

RESUMO

Osteoclasts (OCs) and much less dendritic cells (DCs) induce significant expansion and functional activation of NK cells, and furthermore, the OC-expanded NK cells preferentially increase the expansion and activation of CD8+ T cells by targeting CD4+ T cells. When autologous OCs were used to expand patient NK cells much lower percentages of expanded CD8+ T cells, decreased numbers of expanded NK cells and decreased functions of NK cells could be observed, and the addition of allogeneic healthy OCs increased the patients' NK function. Mechanistically, OC-expanded NK cells were found to lyse CD4+ T cells but not CD8+ T cells suggesting potential selection of CD8+ T cells before their expansion by OC activated NK cells. In agreement, Increased IFN-γ secretion, and NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity and higher percentages of CD8+ T cells, in various tissue compartments of oral tumor-bearing hu-BLT mice in response to immunotherapy by OC-expanded NK cells were observed. Thus, our results indicate an important relationship between NK and CD8+ T cells.

15.
Rice (N Y) ; 13(1): 75, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159253

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) esters are important intermediates in lipid metabolism with regulatory properties. Acyl-CoA-binding proteins bind and transport acyl-CoAs to fulfill these functions. RICE ACYL-COA-BINDING PROTEIN6 (OsACBP6) is currently the only one peroxisome-localized plant ACBP that has been proposed to be involved in ß-oxidation in transgenic Arabidopsis. The role of the peroxisomal ACBP (OsACBP6) in rice (Oryza sativa) was investigated. RESULTS: Here, we report on the function of OsACBP6 in rice. The osacbp6 mutant showed diminished growth with reduction in root meristem activity and leaf growth. Acyl-CoA profiling and lipidomic analysis revealed an increase in acyl-CoA content and a slight triacylglycerol accumulation caused by the loss of OsACBP6. Comparative transcriptomic analysis discerned the biological processes arising from the loss of OsACBP6. Reduced response to oxidative stress was represented by a decline in gene expression of a group of peroxidases and peroxidase activities. An elevation in hydrogen peroxide was observed in both roots and shoots/leaves of osacbp6. Taken together, loss of OsACBP6 not only resulted in a disruption of the acyl-CoA homeostasis but also peroxidase-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis. In contrast, osacbp6-complemented transgenic rice displayed similar phenotype to the wild type rice, supporting a role for OsACBP6 in the maintenance of the acyl-CoA pool and ROS homeostasis. Furthermore, quantification of plant hormones supported the findings observed in the transcriptome and an increase in jasmonic acid level occurred in osacbp6. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, OsACBP6 appears to be required for the efficient utilization of acyl-CoAs. Disruption of OsACBP6 compromises growth and led to provoked defense response, suggesting a correlation of enhanced acyl-CoAs content with defense responses.

16.
Transl Oncol ; 14(1): 100907, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217646

RESUMO

Early diagnosis has been proved to improve survival rate of lung cancer patients. The availability of blood-based screening could increase early lung cancer patient uptake. Our present study attempted to discover Chinese patients' plasma metabolites as diagnostic biomarkers for lung cancer. In this work, we use a pioneering interdisciplinary mechanism, which is firstly applied to lung cancer, to detect early lung cancer diagnostic biomarkers by combining metabolomics and machine learning methods. We collected total 110 lung cancer patients and 43 healthy individuals in our study. Levels of 61 plasma metabolites were from targeted metabolomic study using LC-MS/MS. A specific combination of six metabolic biomarkers note-worthily enabling the discrimination between stage I lung cancer patients and healthy individuals (AUC = 0.989, Sensitivity = 98.1%, Specificity = 100.0%). And the top 5 relative importance metabolic biomarkers developed by FCBF algorithm also could be potential screening biomarkers for early detection of lung cancer. Naïve Bayes is recommended as an exploitable tool for early lung tumor prediction. This research will provide strong support for the feasibility of blood-based screening, and bring a more accurate, quick and integrated application tool for early lung cancer diagnostic. The proposed interdisciplinary method could be adapted to other cancer beyond lung cancer.

17.
Biomed Eng Online ; 19(1): 83, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a serious clinical disease, ischemic stroke is usually detected through magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. In this study, a noninvasive, non-contact, real-time continuous monitoring system was constructed on the basis of magnetic induction phase shift (MIPS) technology. The "thrombin induction method", which conformed to the clinical pathological development process of ischemic stroke, was used to construct an acute focal cerebral ischemia model of rabbits. In the MIPS measurement, a "symmetric cancellation-type" magnetic induction sensor was used to improve the sensitivity and antijamming capability of phase detection. METHODS: A 24-h MIPS monitoring experiment was carried out on 15 rabbits (10 in the experimental group and five in the control group). Brain tissues were taken from seven rabbits for the 2% triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining and verification of the animal model. RESULTS: The nonparametric independent-sample Wilcoxon rank sum test showed significant differences (p < 0.05) between the experimental group and the control group in MIPS. Results showed that the rabbit MIPS presented a declining trend at first and then an increasing trend in the experimental group, which may reflect the pathological development process of cerebral ischemic stroke. Moreover, TTC staining results showed that the focal cerebral infarction area increased with the development of time CONCLUSIONS: Our experimental study indicated that the MIPS technology has a potential ability of differentiating the development process of cytotoxic edema from that of vasogenic edema, both of which are caused by cerebral ischemia.

18.
J Immunol ; 205(12): 3408-3418, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177158

RESUMO

The RIG-I receptor induces the innate antiviral responses upon sensing RNA viruses. The mechanisms through which RIG-I optimizes the strength of the downstream signaling remain incompletely understood. In this study, we identified that NSUN5 could potentiate the RIG-I innate signaling pathway. Deficiency of NSUN5 enhanced RNA virus proliferation and inhibited the induction of the downstream antiviral genes. Consistently, NSUN5-deficient mice were more susceptible to RNA virus infection than their wild-type littermates. Mechanistically, NSUN5 bound directly to both viral RNA and RIG-I, synergizing the recognition of dsRNA by RIG-I. Collectively, to our knowledge, this study characterized NSUN5 as a novel RIG-I coreceptor, playing a vital role in restricting RNA virus infection.

20.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2020: 3946913, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204525

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the metabolic profile in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and explore the potential biomarkers to predict prognosis after TAVR based on metabolomics. Methods and Results: Fifty-nine consecutive AS patients were prospectively recruited. Blood samples from the ascending aorta, coronary sinus, and peripheral vein at before and after TAVR were collected, respectively. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were performed to analyze the metabolic profile before and after TAVR. Influential metabolites were identified by integrating the univariate test, multivariate analysis, and weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) algorithm. PLS-DA analysis revealed a significant extremely early (within 30 minutes after TAVR) alterations of metabolites in the ascending aorta, coronary sinus, and peripheral vein. The early (within 7 days after TAVR) changed metabolites in the peripheral vein were involved in purine metabolism, primary bile acid biosynthesis, glycerolipid metabolism, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, one carbon pool by folate and alanine, and the aspartate and glutamate metabolism pathway. We used volcano plots to find that the cardiac-specific changed metabolites were enriched to the sphingolipid metabolism pathway after TAVR. Besides, WGCNA algorithm was performed to reveal that arginine and proline metabolites could reflect left ventricle regression to some extent. Conclusion: This is the first study to reveal systemic and cardiac metabolites changed significantly in patients with AS after TAVR. Some altered metabolites involved in the arginine and proline metabolism pathway in the peripheral vein could predict left ventricle regression, which merited further study.

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