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Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(12): 1152-7, 2021 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965634


OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical efficacy and complications of Endobutton titanium plate and clavicle hook plate in the treatment of acromioclavicular dislocation. METHODS: Total 48 patients with Rockwood Ⅲ to Ⅴ acromioclavicular joint dislocation from March 2015 to May 2019 were retrospectively divided into two groups according to different surgical methods. Among the patients, 23 patients were treated with Endobutton loop titanium plate fixation (observation group), including 15 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 23 to 59 years old, with an average of(36.2±8.1) years old;Rockwood type Ⅲ in 6 cases, type Ⅳ in 11 cases and type Ⅴ in 6 cases. Twenty-five patients were treated with clavicular hook plate(control group), including 17 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 22 to 54 years old, with an average of (34.7±6.4) years old; Rockwood type Ⅲ in 6 cases, type Ⅳ in 14 cases and type Ⅴ in 5 cases. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospitalization time, visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, Constant-Murley score of shoulder function and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 24 to 51 months, with a mean of (30.5±6.5) months. The amountof bleeding and hospitalization time in the observation group were (71.9±4.0) ml and(8.2±1.6) d respectively;and those in the control group were (97.6±13.4) ml and (12.8±1.2) d respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups(P>0.05). The VAS scores of the observation group immediately after operation and 12 months after operation were 4.00±0.39 and 1.58±0.13 respectively, which were statistically significant compared with 7.32±0.43 and 3.09±0.23 in the control group (P<0.05). The Constant-Murley scores of shoulder function in the observation group were 59.65±0.15 and 85.97 ±0.73 immediately and 12 months after operation, which were significantly different from those in the control group 52.77±0.19 and 55.78±0.19(P<0.05). In the observation group, there were 1 case of shoulder pain and 1 case of ectopic ossification; in the control group, there were 1 case of internal fixation failure, 3 cases of acromion impact, 3 cases of shoulder pain and 3 cases of ectopic ossification. There was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with clavicular hook plate internal fixation in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation, Endobutton loop titanium plate internal fixation technology has the advantages of less surgical bleeding, shorter hospitalization time, less postoperative pain, good recovery of shoulder joint function and less complications.

Articulação Acromioclavicular , Luxações Articulares , Articulação Acromioclavicular/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Acromioclavicular/cirurgia , Adulto , Placas Ósseas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
J Surg Res ; 256: 295-302, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712444


BACKGROUND: To explore the mechanism of Shenmai injection (SMI) on severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) through heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) signaling. METHODS: A total of 40 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (220-260 g) were grouped into the following four categories (n = 10): SAP + SMI + Zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), SAP + SMI, SAP, and sham surgery groups. ZnPP is a specific inhibitor of HO-1. Four percent of sodium taurocholate (1 mL/kg) was retrogradely injected via the pancreatic duct to induce the SAP model. The SAP group rats received 1.6 mL/kg saline by intravenous injection 30 min after the induction of SAP. The SAP + SMI group rats received 1.6 mL/kg SMI by intravenous injection 30 min after the induction of SAP. The SAP + SMI + ZnPP group rats received an intravenous injection of 1.6 mL/kg SMI and intraperitoneal administration of 30 mg/kg ZnPP 30 min after the SAP induction. Twenty-four hours after the SAP induction, blood samples were collected for the measurement of amylase, lipase, creatinine, myeloperoxidase, interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and HO-1 level, while tissue specimens were harvested for the determination of HO-1, TNF-α, and IL-10 mRNA level. Meanwhile, histopathological changes in organs (pancreas, lung, and kidney) were stored. RESULTS: The serum concentration of amylase, lipase, creatinine, and myeloperoxidase was higher in the SAP group than in the SAP + SMI group. Treatment with SMI increased HO-1 and IL-10 level and reduced TNF-α level in serum and tissues compared to the SAP group (P < 0.05). Treatment with SMI abolished the organ-damaging effects of SAP (P < 0.05). Furthermore, suppression of HO-1 expression by ZnPP canceled the aforementioned effects. CONCLUSIONS: SMI confers protection against the SAP-induced systemic inflammatory response and multiple organs damage via HO-1 upregulation.

Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pancreatite/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/prevenção & controle , Amilases/sangue , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Lipase/sangue , Masculino , Pâncreas/imunologia , Pâncreas/patologia , Pancreatite/sangue , Pancreatite/complicações , Pancreatite/diagnóstico , Peroxidase/sangue , Ratos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/sangue , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/etiologia , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 36(2): 222-8, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27079001


OBJECTIVE: To observe mainfestations of syndrome and biochemical indices of hypertensive model rats with excessive accumulation of phlegm-dampness syndrome (EAPDS), and to explore its possible pathological mechanism. METHODS: EAPDS rat model was prepared in 50 Wistar rats by feeding with high fat forage. Meanwhile, a normal control group consisting of 10 Wistar rats was set up by feeding with normal forage. After 25-week continuous feeding, 22 rats with body weight (BW) and blood pressure (BP) exceeding 25% those of the control group were selected as a model group. BW, BP, blood lipids, and related serological indicators were detected in all rats. Morphological changes of target organs were observed. mRNA expression levels of leptin receptor (LepR), Janus kinase2 (Jak2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3), suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (Socs3), angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1), angiotensin II receptor type 2 (AT2), phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (P13K), serine threonine kinase (Akt), nuclear factor of kappa B (NF-κBp65), inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase α (IKKα), NF-kappa-B inhibitor ß (lKKß), NF-kappa-B inhibitor α (IKBα), and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). Expression levels of AT1 and LepR in aorta were detected by immunohistochemical assay and Western blot respectively. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, BW, BP, and blood lipids increased; serum levels of leptin (Lep) , Ang II, Hcy, ET-1, TNF-α, IL-6, and p2-MG increased, but NO decreased in the model group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Aortal endothelial injury and smooth muscle cell proliferation occurred in the model group, accompanied with heart and renal injury. Compared with the control group, mRNA expression levels of LepR, Jak2, Stat3, Socs3, AT1 , PI3K, Akt, NF-κB p65, IKKß, IKBα, and AMPK in aorta were up-regulated significantly (P < 0.05), while the expression of IKKa decreased (P < 0.05). Immunohistochem- ical staining showed, brownish yellow deposit of AT1 and LepR was obviously increased, with more extensively positive distribution. Western blot results showed, as compared with the control group, protein expression levels of AT1 and LepR obviously increased in the model group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Model rats exhibited typical syndromes of EAPDS. They put up weight with fat abdomen, gloomy hair, poor appetite, hypersomnia, lowered activities , reduced food intake, loose stool, dark red tongue, white tongue with white, thick, greasy fur. Lep could be taken as one of objective indicators for evaluating hypertension rat model with EAPDS.

Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Leptina/sangue , Animais , Aorta , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas I-kappa B , Interleucina-6 , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa , NF-kappa B , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Proteínas Supressoras da Sinalização de Citocina , Fator de Transcrição RelA , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
Chin J Integr Med ; 22(3): 193-200, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26589608


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of aqueous extracts of Tribulus terrestris (TT) against oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) dysfunction in vitro. METHODS: HUVECs were pre-incubated for 60 min with TT (30 and 3 µg/mL respectively) or 10(-5) mol/L valsartan (as positive controls) and then the injured endothelium model was established by applying 100 µg/mL ox-LDL for 24 h. Cell viability of HUVECs was observed by real-time cell electronic sensing assay and apoptosis rate by Annexin V/PI staining. The cell migration assay was performed with a transwell insert system. Cytoskeleton remodeling was observed by immunofluorescence assay. The content of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was assessed by immunofluorescence and flow cytometer. Key genes associated with the metabolism of ox-LDL were chosen for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction to explore the possible mechanism of TT against oxidized LDL-induced endothelial dysfunction. RESULTS: TT suppressed ox-LDL-induced HUVEC proliferation and apoptosis rates significantly (41.1% and 43.5% after treatment for 3 and 38 h, respectively; P<0.05). It also prolonged the HUVEC survival time and postponed the cell's decaying stage (from the 69th h to over 100 h). According to the immunofluorescence and transwell insert system assay, TT improved the endothelial cytoskeletal network, and vinculin expression and increased cell migration. Additionally, TT regulated of the synthesis of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (P<0.05). Both 30 and 3 µg/mL TT demonstrated similar efficacy to valsartan. TT normalized the increased mRNA expression of PI3Kα and Socs3. It also decreased mRNA expression of Akt1, AMPKα1, JAK2, LepR and STAT3 induced by ox-LDL. The most notable changes were JAK2, LepR, PI3Kα, Socs3 and STAT3. CONCLUSIONS: TT demonstrated potential lowering lipid benefits, anti-hypertension and endothelial protective effects. It also suggested that the JAK2/STAT3 and/or PI3K/AKT pathway might be a very important pathway which was involved in the pharmacological mechanism of TT as the vascular protective agent.

Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Lipoproteínas LDL/efeitos adversos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Tribulus/química , Água/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoesqueleto/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Imunofluorescência , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Vinculina/metabolismo
Heart Lung Circ ; 22(4): 291-6, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23261325


AIMS: We tested whether anger affects the balance between endothelium-derived vasodilators and vasoconstrictors in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). METHODS: Five endothelium-produced vasoactive factors (nitric oxide, prostacyclin, urotensin, endothelin and thromboxane B2) were measured in an established SHR behavioural model of anger, in "non-angry" SHR rats, and in control Wistar-Kyoto rats. RESULTS: All angry SHR rats showed the typical angry behaviour and angry SHR rats had significantly higher blood pressure and heart rate than control rats. Angry rats had significantly lower levels of two vasodilators, nitric oxide and prostacyclin, and significantly higher levels of two vasoconstrictors, endothelin and thromboxane B2 than either non-angry SHR or control rats. Levels of a third vasoconstrictor, urotensin, were significantly lower in angry SHR than in non-angry SHR or control rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that anger causes an imbalance of endothelium-produced vasodilating and vasoconstricting substances. This may have implications for the development and/or progression of hypertension.

Ira , Comportamento Animal , Pressão Sanguínea , Endotélio Vascular , Vasoconstritores/sangue , Animais , Endotelinas/sangue , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Epoprostenol/sangue , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Tromboxano B2/sangue , Urotensinas/sangue
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 29(8): 659-62, 2009 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19947274


OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of digital acupoint pressure for treatment of the nerve root type of cervical spondylosis. METHODS: Four hundred cases were randomly divided into a digital acupoint pressure group (DAP group) and a medicine group, 200 cases in each group. Acupoints of Quepen (ST 12), Jianjing (GB 21) and Tianzong (ST 11) etc. were used for digital pressing in the DAP group; and Chinese herb medicine of Gentongping was routinely taken in the medicine group. After three treatment courses, the symptoms of pain and numbness, the signs of pressure measurement by compression of head, brachial plexus drawer test and arm myodynamia, as well as the total cumulative scores of daily living capability, were compared. RESULTS: After treatment, the total cumulative scores of numbness, pressure measurement by compression of head, brachial plexus drawer test, arm myodynamia and daily living capability in both groups were obviously better than those of before treatment (all P<0.01); but there was a significant difference on the total cumulative score of the symptoms and signs between the two groups. The cured rate of 78.0% and total effective rate of 99.0% in the DAP group were better than those of 61.0% and 87.0% in the medicine group, respectively (both P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Digital acupoint pressure plays an active role in improving the symptoms and signs on patients with nerve root type of cervical spondylosis, which is better than Chinese herb medicine of Gentongping.

Pontos de Acupuntura , Massagem , Espondilose/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Hipestesia/tratamento farmacológico , Hipestesia/fisiopatologia , Hipestesia/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espondilose/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilose/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem