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Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 5313-5328, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464628


Background: The current study aims at using the whole genome expression profile chips for systematically investigating the diagnostic and prognostic values of excision repair cross-complementation (ERCC) genes in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and methods: Whole genome expression profile chips were obtained from the GSE14520. The receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve, survival analysis, and nomogram were used to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic values of ERCC genes. Investigation of the potential function of ERCC8 was carried out by gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and genome-wide coexpression analysis. Results: ROC analysis suggests that six ERCC genes (ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC3, ERCC4, ERCC5, and ERCC8) were dysregulated and may have potential to distinguish between HBV-related HCC tumor and paracancerous tissues (area under the curve of ROC ranged from 0.623 to 0.744). Survival analysis demonstrated that high ERCC8 expression was associated with a significantly decreased risk of recurrence (adjusted P=0.021; HR=0.643; 95% CI=0.442-0.937) and death (adjusted P=0.049; HR=0.631; 95% CI=0.399-0.998) in HBV-related HCC. Then, we also developed two nomograms for the HBV-related HCC individualized prognosis predictions. GSEA suggests that the high expression of ERCC8 may have involvement in the energy metabolism biological processes. As the genome-wide coexpression analysis and functional assessment of ERCC8 suggest, those coexpressed genes were significantly enriched in multiple biological processes of DNA damage and repair. Conclusion: The present study indicates that six ERCC genes (ERCC1, ERCC2, ERCC3, ERCC4, ERCC5, and ERCC8) were dysregulated between HBV-related HCC tumor and paracancerous tissues and that the mRNA expression of ERCC8 may serve as a potential biomarker for the HBV-related HCC prognosis.

Anat Rec (Hoboken) ; 300(12): 2220-2232, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28806500


Neuronal damage in primary auditory cortex (A1) underlies complex manifestations of noise exposure, prevention of which is critical for health maintenance. Acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) catalyzes generation of ceramide (Cer) which if over-activated mediates neuronal disorders in various diseases. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), by restraining ASM/Cer, benefits multiple neuronal anomalies, so we aimed to elucidate the effect of TCA on noise induced hearing loss and auditory cortex derangement, unraveling mechanism involved. The mice were exposed to noise with frequencies of 20-20 KHz and intensity of 95 dB. Doxepin hydrochloride (DOX), a kind of TCAs, was given intragastrically by 5 mg kg-1  days-1 . Morphology of neurons was examined using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Nissl staining. Apoptosis was assayed through transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). The content of ASM, Cer or acid ceramidase (AC) was detected by western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis. We demonstrated intense, broad band noise caused upward shift of auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold to sound over frequencies 4-32 KHz, with prominent morphologic changes and enhanced apoptosis in neurons of primary auditory cortex (A1) (P < 0.05). DOX partly restored noise-caused hearing loss alleviating morphologic changes or apoptosis remarkably (P < 0.05). Both ASM and Cer abundance were elevated significantly by noise which was reversed upon DOX treatment (P < 0.05), but neither noise nor DOX altered AC content. DOX had no influence on hearing, neuronal morphology or ASM/Cer in control mice. Our result suggests DOX palliates noise induced hearing loss and neuronal damage in auditory cortex by correcting over-activation of ASM/Cer without hampering intrinsic behavior of it. Anat Rec, 300:2220-2232, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Córtex Auditivo/metabolismo , Ceramidas/metabolismo , Doxepina/farmacologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/metabolismo , Ruído/efeitos adversos , Esfingomielina Fosfodiesterase/metabolismo , Estimulação Acústica/efeitos adversos , Animais , Antidepressivos Tricíclicos/farmacologia , Antidepressivos Tricíclicos/uso terapêutico , Córtex Auditivo/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Auditivo/patologia , Ceramidas/antagonistas & inibidores , Doxepina/uso terapêutico , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/tratamento farmacológico , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Esfingomielina Fosfodiesterase/antagonistas & inibidores
Pflugers Arch ; 469(5-6): 751-765, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28357491


Structural adaptation of arteries to weightlessness might lower the working ability or even threaten the physical health of astronauts, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) catalyzes ceramide (Cer) generation controlling arterial remodeling through multiple signaling pathways. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the contribution of ASM/Cer to the changes of common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) induced by simulated weightlessness. Hindlimb-unloaded tail-suspended (HU) rats were used to simulate the effect of weightlessness. Morphology of the carotid artery (CA) was examined by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Protein content of ASM or proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was detected by Western blot. Cer level was measured by immunohistochemistry analysis. Apoptosis events were observed by transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. During 4 weeks of tail suspension, CIMT was increased gradually in HU but not in their synchronous control rats (P < 0.05). Correspondingly, the CA of HU rats had a lower apoptosis and higher proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). As compared to the control, both ASM protein expression and Cer content were reduced significantly in CA of HU rats (P < 0.05), incubation of which with permeable Cer reversed the changes in apoptosis and proliferation substantially. Furthermore, when the ASM protein content as well as Cer level in CA of control rats was diminished by using an ASM inhibitor, an increase of CIMT along with reduced apoptosis and enhanced proliferation of VSMCs was found. Our results suggest that by controlling the balance between apoptosis and proliferation, ASM/Cer plays an important role in the regulation of CIMT during simulated weightlessness.

Artérias Carótidas/metabolismo , Ceramidas/metabolismo , Elevação dos Membros Posteriores/efeitos adversos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Esfingomielina Fosfodiesterase/metabolismo , Túnica Íntima/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Artérias Carótidas/citologia , Proliferação de Células , Masculino , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Esfingomielina Fosfodiesterase/genética , Túnica Íntima/citologia