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1.
J Glob Health ; 13: 04013, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655917

RESUMO

Background: Workplace violence against emergency physicians is a global concern. However, there was relatively little research on the incidence and correlated factors of workplace violence among emergency physicians in China. We aimed to investigate the occurrence and correlated factors of physical and verbal violence among emergency physicians in China. Methods: We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional study from July 2018 to August 2018. We included a total of 10 457 emergency physicians from 31 provinces across China in the analysis. The questionnaire covered socio-demographic characteristics, work-related factors, psychological characteristics, and workplace violence. We applied binary logistic regression to examine the correlated factors of physical and verbal violence among emergency physicians. Results: The prevalence of physical and verbal violence among emergency physicians in China was 27.63% and 81.81%, respectively. Regarding socio-demographic factors, male emergency physicians with bachelor's degrees or higher, poor sleep quality, and unfavorable health conditions were more likely to experience workplace violence. Concerning work-related factors, emergency physicians who had longer years of service, worked a higher frequency of night shifts per month and served more patients per day had a greater prevalence of workplace violence. As for individual psychological characteristics, negative affect was positively correlated with workplace violence, while self-efficacy and positive affect were negatively correlated with workplace violence. Conclusions: The situation of physical and verbal violence against emergency physicians in China is severe, especially verbal violence. Hospital administrators should pay more attention to the workplace violence of emergency physicians and take measures to decrease the occurrence of workplace violence efficiently, such as reducing their workload and cultivating their positive affect and self-efficacy.


Assuntos
Médicos , Violência no Trabalho , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , China/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Médicos/psicologia , Local de Trabalho
2.
Materials (Basel) ; 16(2)2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36676246

RESUMO

Single-crystalline tin-selenide (SnSe) has emerged as a high-performance and eco-friendly alternative to the lead-chalcogens often used in mid-temperature thermoelectric (TE) generators. At high temperature >800 K, the phase transition from Pnma to Cmcm causes a significant rise in the TE figure-of-merit (zT) curve. Conversely, the SnSe TE requires a booster at low temperatures, which allows broader applicability from a device perspective. Herein, a synergy of Cu alloy and Ag-coating is realized through a sequential multi-step synthesis, designed to combine different metal deposition effects. Single-crystalline (Cu2Se)x(SnSe)1-x alloys grown by the Bridgman method were then coated with a thin Ag layer by radio frequency (RF) sputtering, and the interlayer epitaxial film was observed via electric-current assisted sintering (ECAS). Consequently, the thin Ag-coating improves the electrical conductivity (σ) and reduces the thermal conductivity (κ) for (Cu2Se)0.005(SnSe)0.995+Ag alloy, increasing the zT curve at close to room temperature (373 K). The incorporation of multistep addition by ECAS enables tuning of the overall solubility of the alloy, which opens a new avenue to optimize TE performance in anisotropic 2D materials.

3.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; : 166639, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638873

RESUMO

Epiberberine (EPI), extracted from Rhizome Coptidis, has been shown to attenuate hyperlipidemia in vivo. Herein we have studied the mechanism by which EPI is active against non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) using, mice fed on a methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet and HepG2 cells exposed to free fatty acids (FFA). We show that small heterodimer partner (SHP) protein is key in the regulation of lipid synthesis. In HepG2 cells and in the livers of MCD-fed mice, EPI elevated SHP levels, and this was accompanied by a reduction in sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) and FASN. Therefore, EPI reduced triglyceride (TG) accumulation in steatotic hepatocytes, even in HepG2 cells treated with siRNA-SHP, and also improved microbiota. Thus, EPI suppresses hepatic TG synthesis and ameliorates liver steatosis by upregulating SHP and inhibiting the SREBP1/FASN pathway, and improves gut microbiome.

4.
Nature ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653458

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials and their heterostructures show a promising path for next-generation electronics1-3. Nevertheless, 2D-based electronics have not been commercialized, owing mainly to three critical challenges: i) precise kinetic control of layer-by-layer 2D material growth, ii) maintaining a single domain during the growth, and iii) wafer-scale controllability of layer numbers and crystallinity. Here we introduce a deterministic, confined-growth technique that can tackle these three issues simultaneously, thus obtaining wafer-scale single-domain 2D monolayer arrays and their heterostructures on arbitrary substrates. We geometrically confine the growth of the first set of nuclei by defining a selective growth area via patterning SiO2 masks on two-inch substrates. Owing to substantial reduction of the growth duration at the micrometre-scale SiO2 trenches, we obtain wafer-scale single-domain monolayer WSe2 arrays on the arbitrary substrates by filling the trenches via short growth of the first set of nuclei, before the second set of nuclei is introduced, thus without requiring epitaxial seeding. Further growth of transition metal dichalcogenides with the same principle yields the formation of single-domain MoS2/WSe2 heterostructures. Our achievement will lay a strong foundation for 2D materials to fit into industrial settings.

5.
Environ Technol ; : 1-12, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36601874

RESUMO

The efficient removal of 2-Methylisoborneol (2-MIB), a typical odour component, in water treatment plants (WTPs), poses a great challenge to conventional water treatment technology due to its chemical stability. In this study, the combination of ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV-LED) and chlorine (UV-LED/chlorine) was exploited for 2-MIB removal, and the role of ultraviolet (UV) wavelength was investigated systematically. The results showed that UV or chlorination alone did not degrade 2-MIB effectively, and the UV/chlorine process could degrade 2-MIB efficiently, following the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The 275 nm UV exhibited higher 2-MIB degradation efficiency in this UV-LED/chlorine system than 254 nm UV, 265 nm UV and 285 nm UV due to the highest mole adsorption coefficient and quantum yield of chlorine in 275 nm UV. ·OH and ·Cl produced in the 275 nm UV/chlorine system played major roles in 2-MIB degradation. HCO3- and Natural organic matter (NOM), prevalent in water, consumed ·OH and ·Cl, thus inhibiting the 2-MIB degradation by UV-LED/chlorine. In addition, NOM and 2-MIB could form a photonic competition effect. The degradation of 2-MIB by UV-LED/chlorine was done mainly through dehydration and demethylation, and odorous intermediates, such as camphor, were produced. 2-MIB was degraded through the α bond fracture and six-membered ring opening to form saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbons and aldehydes. Four DBPs, chloroform (CF), trichloroacetaldehyde (TCE), trichloroacetone (TCP) and dichloroacetone (DCP), were mainly generated, and CF was the most significant by-product.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690857

RESUMO

2,4,6-Trichloroanisole (2,4,6-TCA) has aroused a special concern for their odor problem and potential threats. In this study, the degradation of 2,4,6-TCA by UV/chlorination with different UV sources was compared, including low-pressure mercury lamp (LPUV, 254 nm) and ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV-LED, 275 and 285 nm). The maximum removal of 2,4,6-TCA can be achieved by 275-nm UV-LED/chlorination in neutral and alkaline conditions which was 80.0%. The reaction, kinetics, and water matrix parameters on 2,4,6-TCA degradation were also evaluated. During UV-LED (275 nm)/chlorination, 2,4,6-TCA degradation was mainly caused by direct UV photolysis and indirect hydroxyl radical (HO·) oxidation, while reactive chlorine radicals (RCSs) had a negligible contribution. The second-order rate constant between HO· and 2,4,6-TCA was determined as 3.1 × 109 M-1 s-1. Increasing initial chlorine dosage and decreasing 2,4,6-TCA concentration or pH value significantly promoted 2,4,6-TCA degradation during UV/chlorination process. The presence of natural organic matter (NOM) and bicarbonate (HCO3-) can inhibit 2,4,6-TCA degradation, while chloride ion (Cl-) had a negligible effect. The kinetic model for 2,4,6-TCA degradation was established and validated, and the degradation pathways were proposed based on the identified intermediates. Furthermore, UV-LED (275 nm)/chlorination also exhibited a promising effect on 2,4,6-TCA removal in real water, which can be used to control 2,4,6-TCA pollution and odor problems.

7.
Chempluschem ; 88(1): e202200413, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680306

RESUMO

A series of gallium(III) amide corroles including meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Pyridinamide-phenyl)corrole gallium (III) (1-Ga), meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Furamide-phenyl)corrole gallium(III) (2-Ga) and meso-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl)-10-(4-Thiophenamide-phenyl)corrole gallium(III) (3-Ga) were synthesized. The interaction of these complexes with DNA and their photodynamic antitumor activities have been studied. UV spectra titration showed that these gallium(III) corroles interact with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) through an external binding mode. All three gallium(III) corroles can effectively generate singlet oxygen under illumination and have good photostability. Among the three gallium(III) corroles, 2-Ga exhibited excellent photodynamic antitumor activity against the tested tumor cell lines under light irradiation (625±2 nm, 0.3 mW/cm2 , 1.08 J/cm2 ). The best phototoxicity was observed by 2-Ga against HepG2 cells (IC50 =6.3±0.9), which is even better than temoporfin (IC50 =8.4±1.8). It could block HepG2 cells in the sub-G0 phase and effectively induce apoptosis of HepG2 cells under 625 nm light irradiation.


Assuntos
Gálio , Neoplasias , Porfirinas , Gálio/farmacologia , Gálio/química , Porfirinas/química , DNA/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
8.
J Org Chem ; 88(1): 513-524, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545950

RESUMO

Herein, the efficient photoredox/nickel dual-catalyzed cyanoalkylation reaction of enamides is illustrated. A wide scope of enamides and cycloketone oxime esters was well-tolerated, affording the synthetically versatile and geometrically defined ß-cyanoalkylated enamide scaffolds. The synthetic practicality of this protocol was revealed by gram-scale reactions, further transformations of enamides, and late-stage modifications of biologically active molecules.


Assuntos
Amidas , Níquel , Estrutura Molecular , Catálise
9.
Chemosphere ; 313: 137508, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493889

RESUMO

The biotransformation of sulfamonomethoxine (SMM) was studied in an aerobic granular sludge (AGS) system to understand the role of sorption by microbial cells and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and the role of functional microbe/enzyme biodegradation. Biodegradation played a more important role than adsorption, while microbial cells covered with tightly bound EPS (TB-EPS) showed higher adsorption capacity than microbial cells themselves or microbial cells covered with both loosely bound EPS (LB-EPS) and TB-EPS. The binding tests between EPS and SMM and the spectroscopic analyses (3D-EEM, UV-Vis, and FTIR) were performed to obtain more information about the adsorption process. The data showed that SMM could interact with EPS by combining with aromatic protein compounds, fulvic acid-like substances, protein amide II, and nucleic acids. Batch tests with various substances showed that SMM removal rates were in an order of NH2OH (60.43 ± 2.21 µg/g SS) > NH4Cl (52.96 ± 0.30 µg/g SS) > NaNO3 (31.88 ± 1.20 µg/g SS) > NaNO2 (21.80 ± 0.42 µg/g SS). Hydroxylamine and hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (HAO) favored SMM biotransformation and the hydroxylamine-mediated biotransformation of SMM was more effective than others. In addition, both ammonia monooxygenase (AMO) and CYP450 were able to co-metabolize SMM. Analysis of UPLC-QTOF-MS indicated the biotransformation mechanisms, revealing that acetylation of arylamine, glucuronidation of sulfonamide, deamination, SO2 extrusion, and δ cleavage were the five major transformation pathways. The detection of TP202 in the hydroxylamine-fed Group C indicated a new biotransformation pathway through HAO. This study contributes to a better understanding of the biotransformation of SMM.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Sulfamonometoxina , Esgotos/química , Análise Espectral , Biotransformação , Hidroxilaminas
10.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 2286, 2022 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36474189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity rates have increased rapidly in Chinese school-age children, and previous studies have indicated that poor dietary literacy can lead to unhealthy eating behaviours. However, few studies have investigated the association between the dietary literacy of daily diet providers and the eating behaviours and nutritional status of school-age children raised by the providers. Thus, we aimed to explore this association. METHODS: We collected data on the eating behaviours and nutritional status of children in two primary schools in Anhui Province, as well as the dietary literacy of their daily diet providers. T-tests, one-way ANOVA, chi-square tests, and multiple linear regression were used to analyse the association. RESULTS: We found significant differences in the scores on the Questionnaire of Children's Daily Diet Providers' Dietary Literacy (QCDDPDL) by region, relationship with the child, age, and educational level of the daily diet provider (all p < .05). Moreover, the children in the low QCDDPDL score group were inclined to engage in unhealthy eating behaviours such as emotional undereating and overeating (p < .05). In addition, the incidence of overweight and obesity was higher in the low QCDDPDL attitude score group than in the high score group (p = .006). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that the dietary literacy of diet providers may influence children's health and eating behaviours. Improving the dietary literacy of diet providers may promote the health status and eating behaviours of school-age children.

11.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 1072393, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452209

RESUMO

Stimulating immunogenic cell death (ICD) is the key to tumor immunotherapy. However, traditional chemoradiotherapy has limited effect on stimulating immunity and often requires repeated administration, which greatly reduces the tumor-killing effect. In this article, we created a sodium alginate hydrogel sustained-release system containing low-dose doxorubicin (Dox) and immune adjuvant R837, which were injected into the interstitial space to wrap around the tumor in situ, achieving a sustained release and long-lasting immune response. Cooperating with immune checkpoint blockade, Dox induced ICD, activated dendritic cells (DCs) and converted immunosuppressive M2-type tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) to tumor-killing M1-type TAMs. Simultaneously, it greatly promoted T cell proliferation and infiltration, and reduced tumor immunosuppressive factors, triggering a robust immune response to suppress tumors in vivo. In conclusion, this anti-tumor strategy based on interstitial injection can achieve continuous local immune stimulation by low-dose chemotherapy drugs, providing a potential approach for tumor immunotherapy.

12.
RSC Adv ; 12(53): 34318-34324, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36545594

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which relies on the photo-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) to trigger tumor cells apoptosis, has attracted intense focus over the decades due to the minimum invasion, high-precision and controllable therapeutic processes. Tetra(4-carboxyphenyl) porphin (TCPP), as an effective PDT photosensitizer, can harness photons and generate singlet oxygen species (1O2) upon illumination; however, poor solubility and low loading rate greatly limit its further use. Although TCPP-based metal-organic-frameworks (MOFs) has been proposed to address these concerns, the relatively large size still limits their biomedical applications. Therefore, in this study, TCPP molecules are coordinated with Yb3+, growing into 2D Yb-TCPP MOFs by a wet chemical method; the as-prepared Yb-TCPP MOFs are around 200 nm in size and possess high 1O2 generation efficiency with low cytotoxicity. Due to TCPP is appeared as the organic frameworks of Yb-TCPP MOFs, the low loading rate problem is largely addressed; in addition, the absorbance of Yb-TCPP MOFs has been greatly expanded compared with free TCPP molecules due to the coordination with Yb3+, allowing the illumination at longer wavelength range, e.g. 655 nm, that possesses high penetration depth and low phototoxicity. Overall, we have prepared 2D Yb-TCPP MOFs suitable for the in vitro anticancer effect, revealing the potential of Yb-TCPP MOFs as the future anticancer agent.

13.
Insects ; 13(12)2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36555012

RESUMO

Currently, information on the biology of Plecoptera from China is scarce, particularly on mating behavior. In this paper, the existence of mating mistakes (erroneous mating attempts) involving 13 Chinese stonefly species (belonging to nine genera and three families) is reported. These erroneous mating behaviors can be included into three different categories: mating attempts between conspecific males (including the formation of erroneous mating balls), mating attempts between different taxa (including displacement attempts during copulation), and mating-related behaviors with non-living objects. From these behaviors, some aspects of stoneflies during mating, such as the physical competition between males, the sensorial mechanisms implied in triggering a mating behavior, the conditions favoring the mating mistakes, and the possible consequences of interspecific mating in the hybrid production, are discussed.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(24)2022 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36555215

RESUMO

Endometrial decidualization plays a pivotal role during early pregnancy. Compromised decidualization has been tightly associated with recurrent implantation failure (RIF). Primary cilium is an antenna-like sensory organelle and acts as a signaling nexus to mediate Hh, Wnt, TGFß, BMP, FGF, and Notch signaling. However, whether primary cilium is involved in human decidualization is still unknown. In this study, we found that primary cilia are present in human endometrial stromal cells. The ciliogenesis and cilia length are increased by progesterone during in vitro and in vivo decidualization. Primary cilia are abnormal in the endometrium of RIF patients. Based on data from both assembly and disassembly of primary cilia, it has been determined that primary cilium is essential to human decidualization. Trichoplein (TCHP)-Aurora A signaling mediates cilia disassembly during human in vitro decidualization. Mechanistically, primary cilium modulates human decidualization through PTEN-PI3K-AKT-FOXO1 signaling. Our study highlights primary cilium as a novel decidualization-related signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Cílios , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Cílios/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Decídua/metabolismo
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(24)2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36555477

RESUMO

Wolfberry (Lycium barbarum L.), as a kind of functional fruit, has various nutritional and bioactive components, which exhibit healthy benefits. However, wolfberry is not easy to preserve, and the intensive processing of wolfberry needs to be developed. In the present study, the changes in the phytochemical and bioactive compounds, as well as the antioxidant properties of wolfberry, were evaluated in the brewed processes. We found that the sugar contents were significantly decreased, and the total acids values were significantly increased during the fermentation processes. The sugar and fat contents were low in the wolfberry fruit vinegar after fermentation, which is of benefit to human health. In addition, amino acids were examined during the fermentation processes, and histidine, proline, and alanine were found to be the main amino acids in vinegar. The total phenolics and flavonoids contents were significantly increased by 29.4% and 65.7% after fermentation. 4-Hydroxy benzoic acid, 3-hydroxy cinnamic acid, and chlorogenic acid were the primary polyphenols in the wolfberry fruit vinegar. Moreover, the antioxidant activity of wolfberry fruit vinegar was significantly increased compared with that of wolfberry fruit after the fermentation processes. Polysaccharides and polyphenolics were strongly correlated with the antioxidant activity during the fermentation processes. The findings suggest that wolfberry fruit vinegar has a high antioxidant capability, and could be a beneficial food in the human diet.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Lycium , Humanos , Antioxidantes/análise , Ácido Acético , Fermentação , Carboidratos/análise , Aminoácidos/análise , Açúcares/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Frutas/química
16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21139, 2022 12 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36477410

RESUMO

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) contains abundant antioxidants and essential oils which can provide antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant activities in the pharmaceutical, health and food production industry. To improve the economic values of coriander, the relationships between optimal light treatments for maximizing both plant growth and the antioxidant and essential oil content of coriander leaves need to be determined. Plants were exposed to five light-emitting diodes spectral color mixtures, high blue light (BL) intensity induced the levels of reducing power response. The light treatments were then adjusted for the analysis of secondary metabolite compounds of coriander leaves. Among 30 identified compounds, the amounts of decamethyl-cyclopentasiloxane and dodecane were significantly reduced in the R80 + G50 + B50 condition, whereas dodecamethyl-cyclohexasiloxane level was significantly reduced in R50 + G50 + B80 condition. Various light quality and intensity combinations influenced the accumulations of chlorophyll and phytochemical contents, mediated antioxidative properties, and secondary metabolites of coriander leaves, which may be useful in developing a new LED lighting apparatus optimized for coriander production in plant factories.


Assuntos
Coriandrum , Antioxidantes
17.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 30(6): 1839-1844, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the molecular biology of D variant blood group with RHD*95A genotype and the genetic mechanism of its generation. METHODS: A total of 6 samples from 3 generations of a family were analyzed. RHD blood group was identified by saline test tube and microcolumn gel card method. 10 exons of RHD gene were amplified by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Sequence Specific Primer (PCR-SSP) and analyzed by direct sequencing. Homology modeling was used to compare the structural differences between mutant RHD protein and wild-type RHD protein. RESULTS: The proband was identified as D variant by serological identification, RHD gene sequencing directly detected a c. 95 c > A mutation in exon 1 that leads to encoding the 32-bit amino acids by threonine Thr (T) into aspartic acid Asn (N), the rest of the exon sequences were normal compared with the normal RHD*01 gene. In the family, the proband's father, grandmather and uncle were all carried the same RHD*95A allele. Protein modeling results suggested that the hydrogen chain connected to the 32nd amino acid residue was changed after p.T32N mutation, which affected the structural stability of RHD protein. CONCLUSION: The first genetic lineage of the RHD*95A gene was identified in a Chinese population. The c.95C>A mutation in RHD gene was found in the family, which resulted in reduced expression of RHD antigen and showed D variant, the mutation could be stably inheritable. Gene identification and protein structure analysis of D variant population is helpful to explore the molecular mechanism of its formation and ensure the safety of blood transfusion.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Grupos Sanguíneos , Humanos
18.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352092

RESUMO

Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells are heterogeneous cells composed mainly of CD3+CD56+ T cells. As an important treatment method of adoptive therapy, it has shown promising efficacy in many clinical trials, especially in combination with multidrug therapy. However, the maximal antitumor efficacy of CIK therapy in the combined administration of multidrug and CIK therapies and which administration scheme can maximize the antitumor efficacy of CIK therapy are still remain unclear. In this study, we observed that pemetrexed administration prior to the injection of CIK cells maximizes the efficacy of CIK therapy. Anti-PD-1 mAbs should be administered prior to CIK cell injection to maximize the efficacy of the therapy. However, administering anti-PD-1 mAbs after CIK cell injection significantly affects the binding rate of anti-PD-1 mAbs to the PD-1 receptor on CIK cells, affecting the efficacy of the antitumor therapy. In conclusion, our study observed that a rational administration sequence of pemetrexed combined with CIK therapy and anti-PD-1 mAbs significantly promotes the efficacy of CIK therapy, providing an experimental basis for the combination therapy mode and regimen of CIK therapy in clinical practice. We hope that this study can provide patients with lung adenocarcinoma with a prolonged survival time.

19.
Microorganisms ; 10(11)2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363802

RESUMO

The Chinese alligator (Alligator sinensis) is an ancient reptile with strong immunity that lives in wetland environments. This study tested the antibacterial ability of Chinese alligator serum (CAS) against Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and analyzed the potential underlying mechanisms. Results showed that the CAS had a marked antibacterial effect on K. pneumoniae, E. coli, and P. aeruginosa, while S. aureus was only mildly affected. However, these effects disappeared when Protease K was added to the serum. The serum proteome analysis revealed that the antibacterial ability of CAS was produced by interactions among various proteins and that the complement proteins played a major antibacterial role. Therefore, we made relevant predictions about the structure and function of complement component 3. In addition, sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis of complement component 3d (C3d) in four mammalian species and two alligator species showed that the amino acids that make up the acid pocket on the concave surface of alligator C3d are not identical to those in mammals. This study provided evidence that CAS elicits significant antibacterial effects against some pathogens and provides the basis for further development of novel antibacterial drugs.

20.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364095

RESUMO

Nardosinone, a sesquiterpene peroxide, is one of the main active constituents of the ethnomedicine Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma, and it has many bioactivities, such as antiarrhythmia and cardioprotection. To elucidate its in vivo existence forms, its metabolism is first studied using mice. All urine and feces are collected during the six days of oral dosing of nardosinone, and blood is collected at one hour after the last dose. Besides, to validate some metabolites, a fast experiment is performed, in which nardosinone was orally administered and the subsequent one-hour urine is collected and immediately analyzed by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS. In total, 76 new metabolites are identified in this study, including 39, 51, and 12 metabolites in urine, plasma, and feces, respectively. Nardosinone can be converted into nardosinone acid or its isomers. The metabolic reactions of nardosinone included hydroxylation, hydrogenation, dehydration, glucuronidation, sulfation, demethylation, and carboxylation. There are 56 and 20 metabolites with the structural skeleton of nardosinone and nardosinone acid, respectively. In total, 77 in vivo existence forms of nardosinone are found in mice. Nardosinone is mainly excreted in urine and is not detected in the feces. These findings will lay the foundation for further research of the in vivo effective forms of nardosinone and Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Fezes/química , Administração Oral
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