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1.
Curr Med Imaging Rev ; 16(2): 98-110, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute chest pain is one of the most common reasons for Emergency Department (ED) visits and hospital admissions. As this could represent the first symptom of a lifethreatening condition, urgent identification of the etiology of chest pain is of utmost importance in emergency settings. Such high-risk conditions that can present with acute chest pain in the ED include Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS), Pulmonary Embolisms (PE) and Acute Aortic Syndromes (AAS). DISCUSSION: The concept of Triple Rule-out Computed Tomographic Angiography (TRO-CTA) for patients presenting with acute chest pain in the ED is based on the use of coronary computed tomographic angiography as a single imaging technique, able to diagnose or exclude three lifethreatening conditions in one single step: ACS, AAS and PE. TRO-CTA protocols have been proved to be efficient in the ED for diagnosis or exclusion of life-threatening conditions and for differentiation between various etiologies of chest pain, and application of the TRO-CTA protocol in the ED for acute chest pain of uncertain etiology has been shown to improve the further clinical evaluation and outcomes of these patients. CONCLUSION: This review aims to summarize the main indications and techniques used in TRO protocols in EDs, and the role of TRO-CTA protocols in risk stratification of patients with acute chest pain.

2.
Exp Neurol ; : 113245, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) is an endogenous ligand of the Sigma 1 receptor (Sig-1R) with documented in vitro cytoprotective properties against hypoxia. Our aim was to demonstrate the in vivo neuroprotective effect of DMT following ischemia-reperfusion injury in the rat brain. METHODS: Transient middle cerebral occlusion (MCAO) was induced for 60 min in male Wistar rats using the filament occlusion model under general anaesthesia. Before the removal of the filament the treatment group (n = 10) received an intra-peritoneal (IP) bolus of 1 mg/kg-body weight (bw) DMT dissolved in 1 ml 7% ethanol/saline vehicle, followed by a maintenance dose of 2 mg/Kg-bw/h delivered over 24 h via osmotic minipumps. Controls (n = 10) received a vehicle bolus only. A third group (n = 10) received a Sig-1R antagonist (BD1063, 1 mg/kg-bw bolus +2 mg/kg-bw/h maintenance) in parallel with the DMT. Lesion volume was measured by MRI 24 h following the MCAO. Shortly after imaging the animals were terminated, and the native brains and sera were removed. Four rats were perfusion fixed. Functional recovery was studied in two separate group of pre-trained animals (n = 8-8) using the staircase method for 30 days. The expression levels of proteins involved in apoptosis, neuroplasticity and inflammatory regulation were assessed by real-time qPCR and ELISA. RESULTS: DMT treated rats were characterized by lower ischemic lesion volume (p = .0373), and better functional recovery (p = .0084) compared to the controls. Sig-1R was expressed both in neurons and in microglia in the peri-infarct cortex, and the DMT induced change in the lesion volume was hindered by BD1063. Lower APAF1 expression (mRNA and protein) and higher BNDF levels were documented on DTM, while decreased TNF-α, IL1-ß, IL-6 and increased IL-10 expressions indicated the compound's anti-inflammatory potential. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate a Sig-1R dependent reduction of the ischemic brain injury following exogenous DMT administration in rats, presumably through a combined anti-apoptotic, pro-neurotrophic and anti-inflammatory treatment effect.

3.
Biol Sex Differ ; 11(1): 7, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Biomechanical remodeling of coronary resistance arteries in physiological left ventricular hypertrophy has not yet been analyzed, and the possible sex differences are unknown. METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into four groups: male and female sedentary controls (MSe and FSe) and male and female animals undergoing a 12-week intensive swim training program (MEx and FEx). On the last day, the in vitro contractility, endothelium-dependent dilatation, and biomechanical properties of the intramural coronary resistance arteries were investigated by pressure microarteriography. Elastica and collagen remodeling were studied in histological sections. RESULTS: A similar outer radius and reduced inner radius resulted in an elevated wall to lumen ratio in the MEx and FEx animals compared to that in the sedentary controls. The wall elastic moduli increased in the MEx and FEx rats. Spontaneous and TxA2 agonist-induced tone was increased in the FEx animals, whereas endothelium-dependent relaxation became more effective in MEx rats. Arteries of FEx rats had stronger contraction, while arteries of MEx animals had improved dilation. CONCLUSIONS: According to our results, the coronary arterioles adapted to an elevated load during long-term exercise, and this adaptation depended on sex. It is important to emphasize that in addition to differences, we also found many similarities between the sexes in the adaptive response to exercise. The observed sport adaptation in the coronary resistance arteries of rats may contribute to a better understanding of the physiological and pathological function of these arteries in active and retired athletes of different sexes.

4.
Eur Heart J ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923316

RESUMO

AIMS: Our aim was to develop a machine learning (ML)-based risk stratification system to predict 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year all-cause mortality from pre-implant parameters of patients undergoing cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). METHODS AND RESULTS: Multiple ML models were trained on a retrospective database of 1510 patients undergoing CRT implantation to predict 1- to 5-year all-cause mortality. Thirty-three pre-implant clinical features were selected to train the models. The best performing model [SEMMELWEIS-CRT score (perSonalizEd assessMent of estiMatEd risk of mortaLity With machinE learnIng in patientS undergoing CRT implantation)], along with pre-existing scores (Seattle Heart Failure Model, VALID-CRT, EAARN, ScREEN, and CRT-score), was tested on an independent cohort of 158 patients. There were 805 (53%) deaths in the training cohort and 80 (51%) deaths in the test cohort during the 5-year follow-up period. Among the trained classifiers, random forest demonstrated the best performance. For the prediction of 1-, 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year mortality, the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves of the SEMMELWEIS-CRT score were 0.768 (95% CI: 0.674-0.861; P < 0.001), 0.793 (95% CI: 0.718-0.867; P < 0.001), 0.785 (95% CI: 0.711-0.859; P < 0.001), 0.776 (95% CI: 0.703-0.849; P < 0.001), and 0.803 (95% CI: 0.733-0.872; P < 0.001), respectively. The discriminative ability of our model was superior to other evaluated scores. CONCLUSION: The SEMMELWEIS-CRT score (available at semmelweiscrtscore.com) exhibited good discriminative capabilities for the prediction of all-cause death in CRT patients and outperformed the already existing risk scores. By capturing the non-linear association of predictors, the utilization of ML approaches may facilitate optimal candidate selection and prognostication of patients undergoing CRT implantation.

5.
Orv Hetil ; 161(4): 129-138, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955585

RESUMO

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death accounting for 4 million deaths per year in Europe. Psychosocial factors explain at least 25-40% of the disease's prevalence beyond the well-known lifestyle factors. Isolation in adulthood is one of the main sources of chronic stress that raises the incidence of the disease. The low level of social support and social isolation are increasing the risk of depression and high blood pressure hence the incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Aim: Our aim was to observe the correlation between social isolation and health behaviour. Furthermore, we have adapted the earlier validated Multidimensional Social Support Scale to the domain of health. Method: The data from 507 persons were collected online in 2018. Multidimensional Social Support Scale adapted to health, self-rated health, subjective means, short version of Beck Depression, shortened version of WHO Wellbeing, and Perceived Stress Scales were recorded. Results: Factor analysis verified the scale construction of the original 3-subscale structure (Cronbach alpha values = 0.945, 0.950 and 0.905). According to the regression models, social support received from friends we have observed to have moderately positive correlation with intensive exercises (B = 0.205, beta = 0.096, p = 0.093). Logistic regression model revealed that health-connected social support does not correlate with smoking, only education variable was related with it strongly, statistically significantly (B = -1.284, OR = 0.277, p<0.001). Conclusion: Multidimensional Social Support Scale has satisfactory stability and consistency to measure health-related social support. Social support showed correlation with the measures of mental health (depression, stress-level, wellbeing), and moderate association with intense exercises. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(4): 129-138.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida Saudável , Apoio Social , Humanos
6.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 6, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is an uncommon cardiac anomaly, with an incidence of less than 1% of open heart surgery cases. Its evolution is most frequently silent, being found incidentally or discovered in the event of its acute rupture. Non-ruptured giant SVAs may cause unusual clinical manifestations, as a consequence of their protrusion into the heart chambers or compression of the coronary vessels and are frequently associated with aortic insufficiency of various degrees of severity. The gold standard treatment for SVAs consists of complete replacement of the aortic root and valve. However, in certain cases, valve-sparing procedures may prove to be a more suitable alternative. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old male patient presented with dyspnea as symptom caused by a large (> 5 cm) right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm. The aneurysm was occupying most of the right ventricle and was associated with severe aortic regurgitation. The surgical treatment of the condition involved valve-sparing root reconstruction procedure (remodeling technique), completed with external stabilization of the aortic valve annulus via running suture annuloplasty. Following the uneventful intervention, the patient did well and his status improved. The follow-up transthoracic echocardiography obtained 1 month after surgery showed a fully competent aortic valve with no regurgitation. CONCLUSIONS: Despite complete aortic root and valve replacement being considered the safest approach to large SVAs complicated with aortic insufficiency, valve-sparing procedures should not be overlooked in case of a dilated aortic root with uncalcified aortic valve. Performing valve-sparing by applying a remodeling technique operation completed with annuloplasty reduces aortic valve insufficiency, avoiding side-effects related to implanted valves.

7.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 32(1): 6-11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the use of transradial peripheral angiography to guide retrograde revascularization of below-the-knee (BTK) lesions using tibiopedal access (TPA). BACKGROUND: Tibiopedal retrograde revascularization of BTK lesions is an emerging technique in peripheral interventions. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study of 194 consecutive adult patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) who underwent endovascular intervention for BTK diseases using peripheral angiography and primary TPA access with vs without transradial (TR) guidance at 2 centers (New York, USA and Budapest, Hungary). The primary endpoints were procedure success, 30-day major adverse event rate, 30-day access-site complication rate, and 30-day access-site patency rate by ultrasound. Secondary endpoints were periprocedural complications, fluoroscopy time, procedure length, and crossover rate to femoral access. RESULTS: There were 78 patients in the TR-guidance group and 116 patients in the non-TR guidance group. Overall procedure success rates with TR guidance vs without TR guidance were 97% and 98%, respectively. Fluoroscopy times (732.8 ± 615.7 seconds vs 769.8 ± 565.8 seconds; P=NS) and procedure times (46.5 ± 24.4 minutes vs 55.4 ± 12.6 minutes; P=NS) were similar in the TR-guidance group vs the non-TR guidance group, but contrast volumes were higher in the TR-guidance group (100.0 ± 60.1 mL vs 43.8 ± 10.2 mL in the non-TR guidance group; P<.05). There was no difference in 30-day major adverse events, other than higher amputation rate in the TR-guidance group (15.3%), which was attributed to severe baseline complex CLI status in this patient group. There was 1 case of arteriovenous fistula, 1 case of pseudoaneurysm, and 1 case of tibiopedal artery occlusion at 30 days in the group without TR guidance. There were 3 cases (3.8%) of radial artery occlusion in the TR-guidance group. CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of CLI with BTK lesions is feasible and safe, with a high procedural success rate and low access-site complication rate using the TPA approach regardless of whether or not TR guidance is utilized.

8.
Thromb Haemost ; 120(1): 65-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752042

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) in combination with clopidogrel improve clinical outcome in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); however, finding a balance that minimizes both thrombotic and bleeding risk remains fundamental. The efficacy and safety of GPI in addition to ticagrelor, a more potent P2Y12-inhibitor, have not been fully investigated. METHODS: 1,630 STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were analyzed in this subanalysis of the ATLANTIC trial. Patients were divided in three groups: no GPI, GPI administration routinely before primary PCI, and GPI administration in bailout situations. The primary efficacy outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, urgent target revascularization, and definite stent thrombosis at 30 days. The safety outcome was non-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)-related PLATO major bleeding at 30 days. RESULTS: Compared with no GPI (n = 930), routine GPI (n = 525) or bailout GPI (n = 175) was not associated with an improved primary efficacy outcome (4.2% no GPI vs. 4.0% routine GPI vs. 6.9% bailout GPI; p = 0.58). After multivariate analysis, the use of GPI in bailout situations was associated with a higher incidence of non-CABG-related bleeding compared with no GPI (odds ratio [OR] 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32-6.64; p = 0.03). However, routine GPI use compared with no GPI was not associated with a significant increase in bleeding (OR 1.78, 95% CI 0.88-3.61; p = 0.92). CONCLUSION: Use of GPIs in addition to ticagrelor in STEMI patients was not associated with an improvement in 30-day ischemic outcome. A significant increase in 30-day non-CABG-related PLATO major bleeding was seen in patients who received GPIs in a bailout situation.

9.
Diabetes Care ; 43(1): 196-200, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Diabetes increases the risk of all-cause mortality and sudden cardiac death (SCD). The exact mechanisms leading to sudden death in diabetes are not well known. We compared the incidence of appropriate shocks and mortality in patients with versus without diabetes with a prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) included in the retrospective EU-CERT-ICD registry. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 3,535 patients from 12 European EU-CERT-ICD centers with a mean age of 63.7 ± 11.2 years (82% males) at the time of ICD implantation were included in the analysis. A total of 995 patients (28%) had a history of diabetes. All patients had an ICD implanted for primary SCD prevention. End points were appropriate shock and all-cause mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3.2 ± 2.3 years. Diabetes was associated with a lower risk of appropriate shocks (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 0.77 [95% CI 0.62-0.96], P = 0.02). However, patients with diabetes had significantly higher mortality (adjusted HR 1.30 [95% CI 1.11-1.53], P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: All-cause mortality is higher in patients with diabetes than in patients without diabetes with primary prophylactic ICDs. Subsequently, patients with diabetes have a lower incidence of appropriate ICD shocks, indicating that the excess mortality might not be caused primarily by ventricular tachyarrhythmias. These findings suggest a limitation of the potential of prophylactic ICD therapy to improve survival in patients with diabetes with impaired left ventricular function.

10.
Circulation ; 141(2): 90-99, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Goals of management in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction include reducing death and hospitalizations, and improving health status (symptoms, physical function, and quality of life). In the DAPA-HF trial (Dapagliflozin and Prevention of Adverse-Outcomes in Heart Failure), sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor, dapagliflozin, reduced death and hospitalizations, and improved symptoms in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction. In this analysis, we examine the effects of dapagliflozin on a broad range of health status outcomes, using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ). METHODS: KCCQ was evaluated at randomization, 4 and 8 months. Patients were divided by baseline KCCQ total symptom score (TSS); Cox proportional hazards models examined the effects of dapagliflozin on clinical events across these subgroups. We also evaluated the effects of dapagliflozin on KCCQ-TSS, clinical summary score, and overall summary score. Responder analyses were performed to compare proportions of dapagliflozin versus placebo-treated patients with clinically meaningful changes in KCCQ at 8 months. RESULTS: A total of 4443 patients had available KCCQ at baseline (median KCCQ-TSS, 77.1 [interquartile range, 58.3-91.7]). The effects of dapagliflozin vs placebo on reducing cardiovascular death or worsening heart failure were consistent across the range of KCCQ-TSS (lowest to highest tertile: hazard ratio, 0.70 [95% CI, 0.57-0.86]; hazard ratio, 0.77 [95% CI, 0.61-0.98]; hazard ratio, 0.62 [95% CI, 0.46-0.83]; P for heterogeneity=0.52). Patients treated with dapagliflozin had greater improvement in mean KCCQ-TSS, clinical summary score, and overall summary score at 8 months (2.8, 2.5 and 2.3 points higher versus placebo; P<0.0001 for all). Fewer patients treated with dapagliflozin had a deterioration in KCCQ-TSS (odds ratio, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.78-0.90]; P<0.0001); and more patients had at least small, moderate, and large improvements (odds ratio, 1.15 [95% CI, 1.08-1.23]; odds ratio, 1.15 [95% CI, 1.08-1.22]; odds ratio, 1.14 [95% CI, 1.07-1.22]; number needed to treat=14, 15, and 18, respectively; P<0.0001 for all; results consistent for KCCQ clinical summary score and overall summary score). CONCLUSIONS: Dapagliflozin reduced cardiovascular death and worsening heart failure across the range of baseline KCCQ, and improved symptoms, physical function, and quality of life in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction. Furthermore, dapagliflozin increased the proportion of patients experiencing at least small, moderate, and large improvements in health status; these effects were clinically important. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT03036124.

11.
Europace ; 22(1): 117-124, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713632

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to assess the effect of cardiac resynchronization on left ventricular (LV) function, volumes, geometry, and mechanics in order to demonstrate reverse remodelling using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with resynchronization on. METHODS AND RESULTS: New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II-III patients on optimal medical therapy with LV ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35%, and complete LBBB with broad QRS (>150 ms) were prospectively recruited. Cardiac magnetic resonance examination was performed at baseline and at 6-month follow-up, applying both biventricular and AOO pacing. The following data were measured: conventional CMR parameters, remodelling indices, global longitudinal, circumferential, radial strain, global dyssynchrony [mechanical dispersion (MD) defined as the standard deviation of time to peak longitudinal/circumferential strain in 16 LV segments], and regional dyssynchrony (maximum differences in time between peak septal and lateral transversal displacement). Thirteen patients (64 ± 7 years, 38% male) were enrolled. Comparing the baseline and follow-up CMR parameters measured during biventricular pacing, significant increase in LVEF, and decrease in LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVi) and LV end-systolic volume index (LVESVi) were found. Left ventricular remodelling indices, global longitudinal, circumferential, and radial strain values showed significant improvement. Circumferential MD decreased (20.5 ± 5.5 vs. 13.4 ± 3.4, P < 0.001), while longitudinal MD did not change. Regional dyssynchrony drastically improved (362 ± 96 vs. 104 ± 66 ms, P < 0.001). Applying AOO pacing resulted in an immediate deterioration in LVEF, LVESVi, circumferential strain, global and regional dyssynchrony. CONCLUSION: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging during biventricular pacing is feasible and enables a more precise quantification of LV function, morphology, and mechanics. As a result, it may contribute to a better understanding of the effects of resynchronization therapy and might improve responder rate in the future.

12.
J Am Soc Echocardiogr ; 33(1): 101-109.e1, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data are scarce regarding left atrial (LA) adaptation to regular physical exercise. The aim of this study was to examine left ventricular (LV) and also LA morphologic and functional remodeling in elite athletes using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, the study group consisted of 138 elite athletes (mean age, 20 ± 4 years; 62% men) and 50 sedentary control subjects. Electrocardiographically gated full-volume 3D data sets were obtained for offline analysis using dedicated software for 3D LA and LV measurements. Body surface area-indexed LA maximal volume (LAVmax) and LV end-diastolic volume were determined. LA total emptying fraction, LA passive and LA active emptying fraction, and LV global longitudinal strain were also calculated. Athletes also underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing to determine peak oxygen uptake. RESULTS: Athletes demonstrated higher 3D LAVmax (32 ± 6 vs 26 ± 8 mL/m2) and indexed LV end-diastolic volume (85 ± 12 vs 62 ± 10 mL/m2) compared with control subjects (P < .001 for both). Functional measures of the left ventricle and left atrium, such as the absolute value of 3D LV global longitudinal strain (19 ± 2% vs 22 ± 2%), LA total emptying fraction (58 ± 6% vs 64 ± 6%), and active emptying fraction (24 ± 10% vs 32 ± 10%) were lower in athletes (P < .001 for all). Male athletes had higher indexed LV end-diastolic volume compared with female athletes (89 ± 13 vs 80 ± 8 mL/m2, P < .001), but LAVmax did not differ between genders (32 ± 6 vs 33 ± 5 mL/m2, P = .18). Besides heart rate, gender, and body surface area, 3D LAVmax, LV global longitudinal strain, and LA passive emptying fraction were independent predictors of peak oxygen uptake. CONCLUSIONS: Regular physical exercise results in marked LA and LV remodeling with considerable gender differences as explored by 3D echocardiography. In contrast with various cardiovascular diseases, more pronounced LA dilation and lower resting functional measures are associated with better exercise performance.

13.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(1): 46-57, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854322

RESUMO

The authors summarize the last 10 years of an ongoing collaborative study between the Universities of Szeged and Pittsburgh on early onset major depression. First, the "Risk factors of childhood depression" grant is presented briefly as an initial research study in which the subjects of the current studies were recruited. This is a prominently large clinical sample in the field of child psychiatry even on an international level. In addition to the follow-up of the prognosis of the disorder, recent studies continue to explore the early onset depression in two directions. On the one hand, two studies investigate the role of biobehavioral inflexibility markers in the development of major depression ("Biobehavioral inflexibility and risk for juvenile-onset depression" and "Biobehavioral inflexibility and risk for juvenile-onset depression - renewal grant"). On the other hand, the authors would like to have a better understanding of the possible relationship between the major depression and cardiovascular diseases ("Pediatric depression and subsequent cardiac risk factors: a longitudinal study"). The most significant aims of the three studies will be demonstrated, as well as how the studies were prepared and organized along with the already existing experience concerning research management and involvement of new collaborating partners and experts.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/economia , Depressão , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Organização do Financiamento/tendências , Pesquisa Biomédica/organização & administração , Criança , Depressão/etiologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Universidades/organização & administração
14.
Orv Hetil ; 160(50): 1967-1975, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814422

RESUMO

Use of 3D planning and 3D printing is expanding in healthcare. One of the common applications is the creation of anatomical models for the surgical procedure from DICOM files. These patient-specific models are used for multiple purposes, including visualization of complex anatomical situations, simulation of surgical procedures, patient education and facilitating communication between the different disciplines during clinical case discussions. Cardiac and thoracic surgical applications of this technology development include the use of patient-specific 3D models for exploration of ventricle and aorta function and surgical procedural planning in oncology. The 3D virtual and printed models provide a new visualization perspective for the surgeons and more efficient communication between the different clinical disciplines. The 3D project was started at the Semmelweis University with the cooperation of the Thoracic Surgery Department of the National Institute of Oncology in 2018. The authors want to share their experiences in 3D designed medical tools. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(50): 1967-1975.


Assuntos
Modelos Anatômicos , Assistência Perioperatória , Impressão Tridimensional , Humanos , Hungria
15.
Int J Hypertens ; 2019: 9248247, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827917

RESUMO

Affective temperaments represent a biologically stable core of emotional reactivity and have previously been associated with hypertension and arterial stiffening. The age, when hypertension is initiated, is influenced by different factors, but the role of personality traits in this regard is not clarified yet. Our aim was to study the association between affective temperaments and the age at onset of hypertension. In this cross-sectional study, 353 patients were included. After the evaluation of history, patients completed the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Autoquestionnaire. We used linear regression analysis to identify predictors of the age of onset of hypertension in the whole cohort and in male and female subpopulations. The independent predictors of the age at onset of hypertension were male sex (B = -4.57 (95% CI = -1.40 to -7.74)), smoking (B = -4.31 (-7.41 to -1.22)), and positive family history (B = -6.84 (-10.22 to -3.45)). In women, cyclothymic temperament score was an independent predictor of the initiation of hypertension (B = -0.83 (-1.54 to -0.12)), while this association was absent in men. Besides traditional factors, cyclothymic affective temperament might contribute to the earlier initiation of hypertension in women.

16.
Int J Cardiol ; 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874788

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Left atrial (LA) volumes are related to success of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, but the relation to other functional and structural parameters is less well understood. Our goal was to detect potential functional and structural predictors of arrhythmia recurrence after ablation using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRi) and to non-invasively assess the relation between LA functional and structural remodeling pre- and post-ablation. METHODS: A total of 55 patients (38 male, age 67 ± 10 years) underwent CMRi prior to and then within 24-h and 3-months after ablation. LA volumes (LAV) and function (as assessed by ejection fraction and peak longitudinal atrial strain (PLAS)) were measured by feature-tracking CMRi, and LA fibrosis/scarring was quantified using late­gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging. RESULTS: Atrial function was lower acutely in patients with recurrence versus those with non-recurrence: [R vs NR: EFTotal 27.8 ± 10.3% vs 38.1 ± 11% p = 0.002; EFActive 10.5 ± 8% vs 19.1 ± 12% p = 0.007; EFPassive 19.4 ± 8 vs 25.8 ± 10 p = 0.021; PLAS 13 ± 5.9% vs 20.2 ± 7% p = 0.004]. With univariate analysis, baseline minimum volume (MinLAV, MinLAVi), several baseline functional parameters (EFTotal, EFPassive, EFActive, PLAS), and LA-LGE were predictors of recurrence [all p < 0.05]. Acute function (EFTotal, EFPassive, EFActive, PLAS) also predicted recurrence (p < 0.01). Lower pre-ablation EFTotal, EFPassive, and PLAS correlated with higher amount of pre-ablation LA-LGE (p < 0.05). In a multivariate model including MinLAV, EFActive and LA-LGE (all at baseline), LA-LGE was the only independent predictor of recurrence (p = 0.0322). CONCLUSION: Pre-ablation function inversely correlated with LA-LGE and was related to success of AF ablation. Multi-parametric and longitudinal assessment of LA function and structure could be helpful in selection of optimal treatment strategies for AF patients by predicting outcomes.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on left ventricular (LV) deformation imaging using CT angiography (CTA) are scarce and the feasibility of atrial deformation analysis by CT has not been addressed. We aimed to compare 2D echocardiographic and CT derived LV and left atrial (LA) global longitudinal strain (GLS) obtained by using a novel feature tracking algorithm in patients following transcatheter aortic valve implantation. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were included who underwent retrospectively-gated 256-slice CTA and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) on the same day. CT datasets in 10% increments were reconstructed throughout the cardiac cycle. LV GLS and LA global peak reservoir strain (LA GS) was measured. RESULTS: Median absolute values for LV GLS were 19.9 [14.8-22.4] vs. 19.9 [16.8-24.7], as measured by CT vs STE, respectively (p = 0.017). We found good inter-modality correlation for LV GLS (ρ = 0.78, p < 0.05) with a mean bias of -1.6. Regarding atrial measurements, the median LA GS was 19.0 [13.5-27.3] for CT vs. 28.0 [17.5-32.6] for STE (p < 0.001) with a mean bias of -5.6 between CT and STE and a correlation coefficient of ρ = 0.87, p < 0.001. CT measurements were highly reproducible: intra-observer intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.96 for LV GLS and 0.95 for LA GS. CONCLUSION: We detected good correlation between CTA and echocardiography-based LV and LA longitudinal strain parameters. CTA provides accurate strain measurements with high reproducibility. Feature tracking-based deformation analysis could provide a clinically important addition to CT examinations by complementing anatomical information with functional data.

19.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 12(12): e007731, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal treatment of patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and an indication for internal defibrillator therapy is controversial. METHODS: Patients with persistent/longstanding persistent AF and LVEF ≤35% were randomly allocated to catheter ablation of AF or best medical therapy (BMT). The primary study end point was the absolute increase in LVEF from baseline at 1 year. Secondary end points included 6-minute walk test, quality-of-life, and NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide). Pulmonary vein isolation was the primary ablation approach; BMT comprised rate or rhythm control. All patients were discharged after index hospitalization with a cardioverter-defibrillator or cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator implanted. The study was terminated early for futility. RESULTS: Of 140 patients (65±8 years, 126 [90%] men) available for the end point analysis, 68 and 72 patients were assigned to ablation and BMT, respectively. At 1 year, LVEF had increased in ablation patients by 8.8% (95% CI, 5.8%-11.9%) and in BMT patients by 7.3% (4.3%-10.3%; P=0.36). Sinus rhythm was recorded on 12-lead electrocardiograms at 1 year in 61/83 ablation patients (73.5%) and 42/84 BMT patients (50%). Device-recorded AF burden at 1 year was 0% or maximally 5% of the time in 28/39 ablation patients (72%) and 16/36 BMT patients (44%). There was no difference in secondary end point outcome between ablation patients and BMT patients. CONCLUSIONS: The AMICA trial (Atrial Fibrillation Management in Congestive Heart Failure With Ablation) did not reveal any benefit of catheter ablation in patients with AF and advanced HF. This was mainly because of the fact that at 1 year, LVEF increased in ablation patients to a similar extent as in BMT patients. The effect of catheter ablation of AF in patients with HF may be affected by the extent of HF at baseline, with a rather limited ablation benefit in patients with seriously advanced HF. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00652522.

20.
Orv Hetil ; 160(45): 1791-1797, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680539

RESUMO

Introduction: There are conflicting data on the prevalence and prognosis of AMI patients with non-obstructive coronary artery disease (MINOCA). Aim: We studied the prevalence and prognosis of MINOCA patients. Method: In the Hungarian Myocardial Infarction Registry (HUMIR) 45,223 patients (pts) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were found who were treated between Jan 1, 2014, and June 30, 2018, and coronary arteriography was performed. ST-elevation myocardial infarction was diagnosed in 22,469 pts (49.7%). Patients without obstructive coronary artery disease who had no previous myocardial infarction, heart failure, PCI and CABG procedure were selected to the MINOCA group (n = 2003). Patients with obstructive coronary artery disease belonged to the MICAD group (n = 43,220). We investigated clinical characteristics of the patients, overall survival and reinfarction. Survival curves were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method and were modeled with the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The proportion of MINOCA pts among all myocardial infarction was by 4.4% higher in the STEMI pts compared to the NSTEMI group (2.0% vs. 6.8%). The MINOCA pts were younger (age 64.0 ± 14.4 vs. 65.5 ± 12.2 years), and the proportion of women was higher (55.7% vs. 36.5%). Hypertension, diabetes mellitus and peripheral artery disease were more common in the MICAD group (79.1% vs. 73.7%, 33.0% vs. 21.2%, and 12% vs. 8%). The mortality was higher among the MICAD pts. In the MINOCA group, the mortality of men did not differ between STEMI and NSTEMI, as opposed to women: women with STEMI had higher mortality than women with NSTEMI. The risk of reinfarction was higher in the MICAD group, especially in NSTEMI, the risk in the MINOCA group was lower, and there was no substantial difference between types. Conclusion: In this real word, retrospective, observational study, we found a significant difference in the prevalence of MINOCA pts according to different types of myocardial infarction. In the MINOCA group, the mortality of women with STEMI was substantially higher. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(45): 1791-1797.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo
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