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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(6): 666-672, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143118

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Primary care physicians have difficulty dealing with patients who have HF with preserved LVEF(HFpEF). The prognosis of HFpEF is poor, and difficult to predict on primary care. Objective: The aim of the study is to apply the H2FPEF score to primary care patients and verify its power to assess the risk of death or hospitalization due to cardiovascular disease. Methods: This longitudinal study included 402 individuals, with signs or symptoms of HF, aged≥45 years and, underwent an evaluation which included clinical examination, BNP and echocardiogram. The diagnosis of HFpEF was confirmed by the criteria of the European Society of Cardiology. After five years, the patients were reassessed as to the occurrence of the composite outcome, death from any cause or hospitalization for cardiovascular disease. H2FPEF used six variables: body mass index, medications for hypertension, age, pulmonary artery systolic pressure, atrial fibrillation and E/e' ratio ranged from 0 to 9 points. The level of statistical significance was p<0.05. Results: HFpEF was diagnosed in 58(14.4%). Among patients with H2FPEF≥4, 30% had HFpEF and in those with a score≤4, HFpEF was present in 12%. Patients with HFpEF and H2FPEF≥4 had 53% of outcomes, whereas patients with HFpEF and a score ≤4 had a 21% of outcomes. BNP values were higher in patients with HFpEF compared to those without HFpEF(p<0.0001). Conclusion: H2FPEF≥4 indicated a worse prognosis in patients with HFpEF assisted in primary care. H2FPEF may be a simple and useful tool for risk stratification in patients with HFpEF at the primary care.

7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 720-775, out. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131346
8.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(6): 1051-1057, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638896

RESUMO

Infection with the coronavirus known as COVID-19 has promoted growing interest on the part of cardiologists, emergency care specialists, intensive care specialists, and researchers, due to the study of myocardial involvement based on different clinical forms resulting from immunoinflammatory and neurohumoral demodulation.Myocardial involvement may be minimal and identifiable only by electrocardiographic changes, mainly increased cardiac troponins, or, on the other side of the spectrum, by forms of fulminant myocarditis and takotsubo syndrome.The description of probable acute myocarditis has been widely supported by the observation of increased troponin in association with dysfunction. Classical definition of myocarditis, supported by endomyocardial biopsy of inflammatory infiltrate, is rare; it has been observed in only one case report to date, and the virus has not been identified inside cardiomyocytes.Thus, the phenomenon that has been documented is acute myocardial injury, making it necessary to rule our obstructive coronary disease based on increased markers of myocardial necrosis, whether or not they are associated with ventricular dysfunction, likely associated with cytokine storms and other factors that may synergistically promote myocardial injury, such as sympathetic hyperactivation, hypoxemia, arterial hypotension, and microvascular thrombotic phenomena.Systemic inflammatory and myocardial phenomena following viral infection have been well documented, and they may progress to cardiac remodeling and myocardial dysfunction. Cardiac monitoring of these patients is, therefore, important in order to monitor the development of the phenotype of dilated myocardiopathy.This review presents the main etiological and physiopathological findings, a description of the taxonomy of these types of cardiac involvement, and their correlation with the main clinical forms of the myocardial component present in patients in the acute phase of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Miocardite , Miocárdio , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Humanos
10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(4): 656-663, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491006

RESUMO

Background Inspiratory muscle weakness contributes to exercise intolerance and decreased quality of life in patients with heart failure. Studies with inspiratory muscle training show improvement in inspiratory muscle strength, functional capacity and quality of life. However, little is known about the central hemodynamic response (CHR) during inspiratory exercise (IE). Objective To evaluate CHR in a single IE session with different loads (placebo, 30% and 60%) in heart failure. Methods Randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, functional class II and III. Twenty patients aged 65 ± 11 years completed a single session of inspiratory exercise, in 3 cycles of 15 minutes, with a 1-hour washout, involving loads of 30% (C30), 60% (C60) and placebo, using a linear load resistor (PowerBreathe Light). The noninvasive hemodynamic study was performed by cardiothoracic bioimpedance (Niccomo™ CardioScreen®). Statistical analysis was performed with Student's t-test and Pearson's correlation, and P≤0.05 was considered significant. Results An increase in heart rate (HR) was observed with C30 (64 ± 15 vs 69 ± 15 bpm; p = 0.005) and C60 (67 ± 14 vs 73 ± 14 bpm, p = 0.002). A decrease was observed in systolic volume (SV) with C30 (73 ± 26 vs 64 ± 20 ml; p = 0.004). Cardiac output (CO), on its turn, increased only with C60 (4.6 ± 1.5 vs 5.3 ± 1.7 l/min; p = -0.001). Conclusion When using the 60% load, in a single IE session, changes in CHR were observed. HR and CD increased, as did the Borg scales and subjective sensation of dyspnea. The 30% load reduced the SV. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(4):656-663).


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Músculos Respiratórios , Idoso , Exercícios Respiratórios , Teste de Esforço , Tolerância ao Exercício , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida
11.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(4): 718-725, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491009

RESUMO

The recent advances at hardware level and the increasing requirement of personalization of care associated with the urgent needs of value creation for the patients has helped Artificial Intelligence (AI) to promote a significant paradigm shift in the most diverse areas of medical knowledge, particularly in Cardiology, for its ability to support decision-making and improve diagnostic and prognostic performance. In this context, the present work does a non-systematic review of the main papers published on AI in Cardiology, focusing on its main applications, potential impacts and challenges.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Cardiologia , Humanos
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(6): 1051-1057, Jun., 2020. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131239

RESUMO

Resumo A infecção pelo coronavírus denominada COVID-19 promoveu crescente interesse de cardiologistas, emergencistas, intensivistas e pesquisadores, pelo estudo do acometimento miocárdico partindo de diferentes formas clínicas decorrentes de desmodulação imunoinflamatória e neuro-humoral.O acometimento miocárdico pode ser mínimo e apenas identificado a partir de alterações eletrocardiográficas, principalmente por aumento de troponinas cardíacas, ou no outro lado do espectro pelas formas de miocardite fulminante e síndrome de takotsubo.A descrição de provável miocardite aguda tem sido comumente apoiada pela observação da troponina elevada em associação com disfunção. A clássica definição de miocardite, respaldada pela biópsia endomiocárdica de infiltrado inflamatório é rara, e foi observada em um único relato de caso até o momento, não se identificando o vírus no interior dos cardiomiócitos.Assim, o fenômeno que se tem documentado é de injúria miocárdica aguda, sendo obrigatório afastar doença coronária obstrutiva a partir da elevação de marcadores de necrose miocárdica, associada ou não à disfunção ventricular, provavelmente associada à tempestade de citoquinas e outros fatores que podem sinergicamente promover lesão miocárdica, tais como hiperativação simpática, hipoxemia, hipotensão arterial e fenômenos trombóticos microvasculares.Fenômenos inflamatórios sistêmicos e miocárdicos após infecção viral estão bem documentados, podendo evoluir para remodelamento cardíaco e disfunção miocárdica. Portanto, será importante a cardiovigilância desses indivíduos para monitorar o desenvolvimento do fenótipo de miocardiopatia dilatada.A presente revisão apresenta os principais achados etiofisiopatológicos, descrição da taxonomia desses tipos de acometimento cardíaco e sua correlação com as principais formas clínicas do componente miocárdico presente nos pacientes na fase aguda de COVID-19.


Abstract Infection with the coronavirus known as COVID-19 has promoted growing interest on the part of cardiologists, emergency care specialists, intensive care specialists, and researchers, due to the study of myocardial involvement based on different clinical forms resulting from immunoinflammatory and neurohumoral demodulation.Myocardial involvement may be minimal and identifiable only by electrocardiographic changes, mainly increased cardiac troponins, or, on the other side of the spectrum, by forms of fulminant myocarditis and takotsubo syndrome.The description of probable acute myocarditis has been widely supported by the observation of increased troponin in association with dysfunction. Classical definition of myocarditis, supported by endomyocardial biopsy of inflammatory infiltrate, is rare; it has been observed in only one case report to date, and the virus has not been identified inside cardiomyocytes.Thus, the phenomenon that has been documented is acute myocardial injury, making it necessary to rule our obstructive coronary disease based on increased markers of myocardial necrosis, whether or not they are associated with ventricular dysfunction, likely associated with cytokine storms and other factors that may synergistically promote myocardial injury, such as sympathetic hyperactivation, hypoxemia, arterial hypotension, and microvascular thrombotic phenomena.Systemic inflammatory and myocardial phenomena following viral infection have been well documented, and they may progress to cardiac remodeling and myocardial dysfunction. Cardiac monitoring of these patients is, therefore, important in order to monitor the development of the phenotype of dilated myocardiopathy.This review presents the main etiological and physiopathological findings, a description of the taxonomy of these types of cardiac involvement, and their correlation with the main clinical forms of the myocardial component present in patients in the acute phase of COVID-19.

13.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 76(1): 42-49, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265370

RESUMO

Anakinra is a recombinant human interleukin 1 receptor antagonist that competes and blocks the biologic effects of interleukin 1, reducing systemic inflammatory responses. In the 2015 guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases of the European Society of Cardiology, anakinra was established as a third-line therapy option for refractory recurrent pericarditis (RP). Recently, important studies that investigates the effect and safety of anakinra in RP were published, such as the AIRTRIP trial and the International Registry of Anakinra for Pericarditis. This article presents the current evidence about the effectiveness and safety of anakinra in RP and discusses its clinical application and mechanisms.

14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(4): 656-663, Abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131188

RESUMO

Resumo Fundamento A fraqueza muscular inspiratória contribui para a intolerância ao exercício e diminuição da qualidade de vida dos pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. Estudos com treinamento da musculatura inspiratória demonstram melhora da força muscular inspiratória, da capacidade funcional e da qualidade de vida. Porém, pouco se sabe sobre a resposta hemodinâmica central (RHC) durante o exercício inspiratório (EI). Objetivo Avaliar a RHC em uma única sessão de EI com diferentes cargas (placebo, 30 e 60%) na insuficiência cardíaca. Métodos Ensaio clínico randomizado placebo-controlado, em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção reduzida, classe funcional II e III. Vinte pacientes, com idade de 65±11 anos, completaram uma sessão única de exercício inspiratório, em 3 ciclos de 15 minutos, com washout de 1 hora, envolvendo cargas de 30% (C30), 60% (C60) e placebo, utilizando um resistor de carga linear ( PowerBreathe Light ). O estudo hemodinâmico não invasivo foi realizado por bioimpedância cardiotorácica ( Niccomo™CardioScreen® ). Análise estatística foi feita com o Teste t de Student e a correlação de Pearson, considerado significante p≤0,05. Resultados Foi observado aumento da frequência cardíaca (FC) com a C30 (64±15 vs 69±15 bpm; p=0,005) e C60 (67±14 vs 73±14 bpm, p=0,002). No volume sistólico (VS), observou-se diminuição com a C30 (73±26 vs 64±20 ml; p=0,004). O débito cardíaco (DC) apresentou aumento apenas com a C60 (4,6±1,5 vs 5,3±1,7 l/min; p=-0,001). Conclusão Quando utilizada a carga de 60%, em uma sessão única de EI, foram observadas alterações na RHC. A FC e o DC aumentaram, assim como as escalas de Borg e sensação subjetiva de dispneia. Já a carga de 30% promoveu diminuição do VS. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(4):656-663)


Abstract Background Inspiratory muscle weakness contributes to exercise intolerance and decreased quality of life in patients with heart failure. Studies with inspiratory muscle training show improvement in inspiratory muscle strength, functional capacity and quality of life. However, little is known about the central hemodynamic response (CHR) during inspiratory exercise (IE). Objective To evaluate CHR in a single IE session with different loads (placebo, 30% and 60%) in heart failure. Methods Randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, functional class II and III. Twenty patients aged 65 ± 11 years completed a single session of inspiratory exercise, in 3 cycles of 15 minutes, with a 1-hour washout, involving loads of 30% (C30), 60% (C60) and placebo, using a linear load resistor (PowerBreathe Light). The noninvasive hemodynamic study was performed by cardiothoracic bioimpedance (Niccomo™ CardioScreen®). Statistical analysis was performed with Student's t-test and Pearson's correlation, and P≤0.05 was considered significant. Results An increase in heart rate (HR) was observed with C30 (64 ± 15 vs 69 ± 15 bpm; p = 0.005) and C60 (67 ± 14 vs 73 ± 14 bpm, p = 0.002). A decrease was observed in systolic volume (SV) with C30 (73 ± 26 vs 64 ± 20 ml; p = 0.004). Cardiac output (CO), on its turn, increased only with C60 (4.6 ± 1.5 vs 5.3 ± 1.7 l/min; p = -0.001). Conclusion When using the 60% load, in a single IE session, changes in CHR were observed. HR and CD increased, as did the Borg scales and subjective sensation of dyspnea. The 30% load reduced the SV. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(4):656-663)

15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(4): 627-635, Abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131190

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is known to induce atrial remodeling, which promotes fibrosis related to arrhythmogenesis. Accordingly, since scars induced by catheter ablation (CA) can reduce unablated fibrotic areas, greater extent of left atrial (LA) scarring may be associated with less AF recurrence after CA. Objectives: This study aims to investigate, through systematic review and meta-analysis, whether the amount of LA scarring, seen on late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging, is associated with less AF recurrence after CA. Methods: The recommendations of the MOOSE guideline were followed. Database search was conducted in PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (comentário 1) until January 2019 (comentário 2). Two authors performed screening, data extraction, and quality evaluation. All studies were graded as good quality. A funnel plot was generated, showing no publication bias. Statistical significance was defined as p value < 0.05. Results: Eight observational studies were included in the systematic review, four of which were included in the meta-analysis. Six of the eight studies included in the systematic review showed that greater extension of LA scarring is associated with less AF recurrence after CA. Meta-analysis showed that greater extension of LA scarring is associated with less AF recurrence (SMD = 0.52; 95% CI 0.27 - 0.76; p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Greater extension of LA scarring is possibly associated with less AF recurrence after CA. Randomized studies that explore ablation methods based on this association are fundamental.


Resumo Fundamento: A fibrilação atrial (FA) é conhecida por induzir o remodelamento atrial, que promove fibrose, provocando, por sua vez, mais arritmogênese. Dessa forma, visto que as cicatrizes induzidas pela ablação por cateter (AC) podem reduzir as áreas fibróticas, uma maior extensão de cicatrizes do átrio esquerdo (AE) pode estar associada a uma menor recorrência da FA após AC. Objetivos: Por meio de revisão sistemática e metanálise, o presente estudo visa investigar se a extensão total de cicatriz do AE, visualizada na ressonância magnética com realce tardio de gadolínio após a ablação, está associada a uma menor recorrência de FA após AC. Métodos: Foram seguidas as recomendações das diretrizes MOOSE. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed e Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials até Janeiro de 2019. Dois autores realizaram triagem, extração de dados e avaliação da qualidade dos estudos. Em relação à qualidade, todos os estudos foram classificados como bons. Foi gerado um gráfico de funil, o qual não mostrou viés de publicação. Foi adotado nível de significância p < 0,05. Resultados: Oito estudos observacionais foram incluídos na revisão sistemática, dos quais quatro foram incluídos na metanálise. Dos oito estudos incluídos na revisão, seis mostraram que maior extensão de cicatrização do AE está associada a uma menor recorrência de FA após AC. A metanálise também demonstrou que maior extensão de cicatrização do AE está associada a uma menor recorrência de FA (SMD = 0,52; IC 95% 0,27 - 0,76; p < 0,0001). Conclusão: Uma maior extensão de cicatrização do AE está possivelmente associada a uma menor recorrência de FA após AC. Estudos randomizados que explorem métodos de ablação baseados nessa associação são fundamentais.

16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(4): 718-725, Abr. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1131192

RESUMO

Resumo Os recentes avanços ao nível de hardware e a crescente exigência de personalização dos cuidados associados às necessidades urgentes de criação de valor para os pacientes contribuíram para que a Inteligência Artificial (IA) promovesse uma mudança significativa de paradigma nas mais diversas áreas do conhecimento médico, em particular em Cardiologia, por sua capacidade de apoiar a tomada de decisões e melhorar o desempenho diagnóstico e prognóstico. Nesse contexto, o presente trabalho faz uma revisão não-sistemática dos principais trabalhos publicados sobre IA em Cardiologia, com foco em suas principais aplicações, possíveis impactos e desafios.


Abstract The recent advances at hardware level and the increasing requirement of personalization of care associated with the urgent needs of value creation for the patients has helped Artificial Intelligence (AI) to promote a significant paradigm shift in the most diverse areas of medical knowledge, particularly in Cardiology, for its ability to support decision-making and improve diagnostic and prognostic performance. In this context, the present work does a non-systematic review of the main papers published on AI in Cardiology, focusing on its main applications, potential impacts and challenges.

18.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(1): 59-65, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular remodeling (LVR) is related to both non-fatal and fatal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe the geometric patterns of the LV and their associations. METHODS: A total of 636 individuals between the ages of 45 and 99 years in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were submitted to clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, and tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE). The difference between categories was tested with Kruskall-Wallis with post hoc tests, once all variables studied are non-normally distributed and Pearson's Qui-square (categorical variables). Gross and adjusted ORs were estimated by logistic regression. The level of significance was 5% for all tests. Subjects had LVR characterized as: normal geometry (NG), concentric remodeling (CR), concentric hypertrophy (CH), and eccentric hypertrophy (EH). RESULTS: The prevalence of altered patterns was 33%. Subjects presented NG (n = 423; 67%); EH (n = 186; 29%); CH (n = 14; 2%); and CR (n = 13; 2%). The variables of gender, age, level of education and albumin/creatinine ratio (A/C), showed a relationship with the chance of EH even after adjustment. CONCLUSION: Approximately one third of the studied individuals had LVR and were at risk for developing heart failure. Altered A/C in urine was associated with EH, indicating an early relationship between cardiac and renal dysfunction.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Remodelação Ventricular/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 114(4): 627-635, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074201

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is known to induce atrial remodeling, which promotes fibrosis related to arrhythmogenesis. Accordingly, since scars induced by catheter ablation (CA) can reduce unablated fibrotic areas, greater extent of left atrial (LA) scarring may be associated with less AF recurrence after CA. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate, through systematic review and meta-analysis, whether the amount of LA scarring, seen on late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging, is associated with less AF recurrence after CA. METHODS: The recommendations of the MOOSE guideline were followed. Database search was conducted in PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (comentário 1) until January 2019 (comentário 2). Two authors performed screening, data extraction, and quality evaluation. All studies were graded as good quality. A funnel plot was generated, showing no publication bias. Statistical significance was defined as p value < 0.05. RESULTS: Eight observational studies were included in the systematic review, four of which were included in the meta-analysis. Six of the eight studies included in the systematic review showed that greater extension of LA scarring is associated with less AF recurrence after CA. Meta-analysis showed that greater extension of LA scarring is associated with less AF recurrence (SMD = 0.52; 95% CI 0.27 - 0.76; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Greater extension of LA scarring is possibly associated with less AF recurrence after CA. Randomized studies that explore ablation methods based on this association are fundamental.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio , Átrios do Coração , Humanos , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(1): 59-65, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055104

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Left ventricular remodeling (LVR) is related to both non-fatal and fatal outcomes. Objective: To describe the geometric patterns of the LV and their associations. Methods: A total of 636 individuals between the ages of 45 and 99 years in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were submitted to clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, electrocardiogram, and tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE). The difference between categories was tested with Kruskall-Wallis with post hoc tests, once all variables studied are non-normally distributed and Pearson's Qui-square (categorical variables). Gross and adjusted ORs were estimated by logistic regression. The level of significance was 5% for all tests. Subjects had LVR characterized as: normal geometry (NG), concentric remodeling (CR), concentric hypertrophy (CH), and eccentric hypertrophy (EH). Results: The prevalence of altered patterns was 33%. Subjects presented NG (n = 423; 67%); EH (n = 186; 29%); CH (n = 14; 2%); and CR (n = 13; 2%). The variables of gender, age, level of education and albumin/creatinine ratio (A/C), showed a relationship with the chance of EH even after adjustment. Conclusion: Approximately one third of the studied individuals had LVR and were at risk for developing heart failure. Altered A/C in urine was associated with EH, indicating an early relationship between cardiac and renal dysfunction.


Resumo Fundamento: O remodelamento ventricular esquerdo (RVE) está relacionado a desfechos não fatais e fatais. Objetivo: Descrever os padrões geométricos do VE e suas associações. Métodos: Um total de 636 indivíduos entre 45 e 99 anos no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, foi submetido a avaliação clínica, exames laboratoriais, eletrocardiograma e ecocardiograma com Doppler tecidual (EDT). A diferença entre as categorias foi testada com Kruskall-Wallis com testes post hoc, uma vez que todas as variáveis estudadas não são normalmente distribuídas e o qui-quadrado de Pearson (variáveis categóricas). As ORs brutas e ajustadas foram estimadas por regressão logística. O nível de significância foi de 5% para todos os testes. Os indivíduos tinham RVE caracterizada como: geometria normal (GN), remodelamento concêntrico (RC), hipertrofia concêntrica (HC) e hipertrofia excêntrica (HE). Resultados: A prevalência de padrões alterados foi de 33%. Os sujeitos apresentaram GN (n = 423; 67%); HE (n = 186; 29%); HC (n = 14; 2%); e RC (n = 13; 2%). As variáveis sexo, idade, escolaridade e razão albumina/creatinina (A/C) mostraram relação com a chance de HE, mesmo após o ajuste. Conclusão: Aproximadamente um terço dos indivíduos estudados apresentavam RVE e corriam risco de desenvolver insuficiência cardíaca. A/C alterada na urina foi associada à HE, indicando uma relação precoce entre disfunção cardíaca e renal.

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