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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathologic features of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) involving the oral and maxillofacial region. METHODS: The MCL cases were retrieved from the pathosis database of 6 pathology laboratories. Original hematoxylin and eosin slides and immunohistochemical reactions were reviewed for confirmation of the initial diagnosis. Clinical data of the cases were obtained from the patients' pathosis and/or medical charts. RESULTS: Twenty cases were included in the study, showing a male predominance and a mean age of 66 years. The oral cavity (12 cases) and the oropharynx (5 cases) were the most commonly involved subsites. Most cases presented as asymptomatic swellings, with 2 cases showing bilateral involvement of the palate. The classic histologic variant predominated (12/20 cases). All cases expressed CD20 with nuclear cyclin D1 positivity. SOX11 was seen in 9/13 cases, CD5 in 6/16 cases, Bcl2 in 16/19 cases, CD10 in 2/20 cases, and Bcl6 in 4/16 cases. Ki67 showed a mean proliferation index of 40.6%. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was negative in all cases investigated. Follow-up data was available for 7 patients, with 5 currently alive and 2 deceased. CONCLUSION: Mantle cell lymphoma, albeit rare, may manifest in the oral and maxillofacial region. Its histologic heterogeneity demands a high degree of diagnostic skill from pathologists.

2.
Int Endod J ; 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36229181

RESUMO

AIM: To analyse the influence of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) on the repair process in immature rat molars after a regenerative endodontic procedure (REP). METHODOLOGY: The lower first molars of 12 4-week-old Wistar rats underwent pulpectomy in the mesial root and were divided into the following groups: sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl; n = 6) - the mesial canals were irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl for 5 min, and NaOCl-EDTA (n = 6) - the canals were irrigated with 2.5% NaOCl, followed by 17% EDTA for 5 min each. After evoking bleeding using a size 10 K-file, the cavities were sealed. Three molars on the untreated side were randomly used as control (control-15 d; n = 3), and three molars from the other three rats untreated were used as immediate control (n = 3). After 15 days (NaOCl, NaOCl-EDTA and control-15 d groups) or immediately (control-immediate), the animals were euthanized, and the teeth were subjected to histologic evaluation of tissue regeneration and presence of collagen fibres. Mann-Whitney U-test was used (p < .05). RESULTS: The experimental groups had newly formed cementum-like tissue and increased root length and thickness. Half of the specimens in NaOCl-EDTA group showed apical foramen closure, whilst the NaOCl group had partial apical closure. The experimental groups showed inflammatory infiltrate extending mainly to the medium third of the root canal. These parameters were similar between experimental groups (p > .05). Newly formed connective tissue in the pulp space was significantly higher in the NaOCl-EDTA group than in NaOCl group (p < .05). Regarding the collagen fibres, the NaOCl-EDTA group had more collagen fibres in the root tip, but there was no significant difference compared to NaOCl group, and both groups showed greater amount of immature fibres in this area; in the centre of the apical third of root canal, there was equivalence between mature and immature fibres from both groups (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid irrigation improved newly formed intracanal connective tissue after REP in immature molars of rats; however, EDTA did not influence cementum-like tissue formation, apical closure, inflammatory infiltrate and maturation of collagen fibres.

5.
Oral Dis ; 2022 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35993910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anxiety and depression are frequent conditions among individuals undergoing antineoplastic therapy, but their relationship with oral mucositis is unclear. This systematic review evaluated the potential association of anxiety and depression with frequency and severity of chemo/radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic searches were undertaken in five databases supplemented by manual scrutiny and gray literature searches in three other databases. The risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute tool. RESULTS: Eight observational studies conducted on 954 individuals (male-to-female ratio: 1.1:1; age range: six-82 years). Three (37.5%) studies included patients with solid tumors, two (25%) studies included hematopoietic/lymphoid tissue tumors, and two (25%) studies comprised mixed types of malignant neoplasms. Eight different instruments were used to assess oral mucositis, while seven different instruments were used to evaluate anxiety and depression. Associations of anxiety and/or depression with oral mucositis severity were reported in six (75.0%) studies. Oral mucositis-related symptoms, especially pain, were linked with depression in three (37.5%) studies. CONCLUSION: A relatively low number of cases and data heterogeneity hamper definitive conclusion about the potential association between anxiety/depression and oral mucositis. Further studies that could guide more personalized treatments are warranted to investigate this plausible bidirectional interaction.

6.
J Lasers Med Sci ; 13: e7, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642234

RESUMO

Introduction: Postoperative management of patients undergoing tonsillectomy is challenging. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has emerged as a new tool providing therapeutic benefits. However, the contribution of PBMT to the postoperative outcomes of tonsillectomy is still undefined. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the published literature addressing the effects of PBMT on post-tonsillectomy. Methods: Searches in Scopus, PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and grey literature were carried out for the identification of randomised controlled trials reported up to August/2021. The risk of bias with the Cochrane Collaboration tool and meta-analysis was performed. Outcomes were assessed with the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Results: A total of 1183 articles were retrieved, of which only two were included for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The wavelengths were 685 nm and 980 nm with energy density set at 4 J/cm2. The mandibular angle and the surgical wound were the sites of laser irradiation. Individuals who had not undergone PBMT after tonsillectomy were more likely to report pain and odynophagia in the first 24 hours after surgery than individuals who had undergone PBMT after tonsillectomy (P<0.001). Children who received PBMT after tonsillectomy were equally affected by pain and odynophagia in the first seven days after surgery compared to children who had not undergone PBMT after tonsillectomy (P>0.05). However, both studies found a significant association of PBMT with reduced analgesic consumption. Conclusion: Although PBMT seems promising for the management of individuals undergoing tonsillectomy, a limited number of studies are available in the literature.

7.
Dis Mon ; : 101356, 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414415

RESUMO

Chediak-Higashi syndrome (CHS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by leukocytes with giant secretory granules and a myriad of clinical features. However, it is unknown whether oral lesions are part of the syndrome or are refractory to systemic treatment. Herein, we integrated the available data published in the literature on the oral manifestations of individuals with CHS. Searches on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, and LILACS were conducted to identify studies published up to March/2022. The Joanna Briggs Institute tool was used for the critical appraisal of studies. Fourteen articles (21 cases) were detected. The mean age of individuals was 15.9±8.8 years. There was a slight predominance of males (52.4%). The major manifestation was periodontal disease (81%), although ulceration of the oral mucosa (14.3%), gingival/labial abscess (4.8%), and periodontal abscess (4.8%) were also reported. Oral rehabilitation including dental implants (9.5%) was performed after tooth losses due to the poor prognosis of periodontal therapy. CHS is usually diagnosed in an early stage due to its systemic manifestations such as classic oculocutaneous albinism, recurrent infections, and a propensity for bleeding. Oral health providers should be aware of the manifestations of individuals with CHS. Special care, including oral prophylaxis, is indispensable.

8.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(3): 755-762, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35316511

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) commonly affects older patients; however, several studies have documented an increase in its incidence among younger patients. Therefore, it is important to investigate if this trend is also found in different geographic regions. The pathology files of diagnostic and therapeutic institutions from different parts of the globe were searched for OSCC cases diagnosed from 1998 to 2018. Data regarding the sex, age, and tumor location of all cases, as well as the histologic grade and history of exposure to risk habits of cases diagnosed as OSCC in young patients (≤ 40 years of age) were obtained. The Chi-square test was used to determine any increasing trend. A total of 10,727 OSCC cases were identified, of which 626 cases affected young patients (5.8%). Manipal institution (India) showed the highest number of young patients (13.2%). Males were the most affected in both age groups, with the tongue and floor of the mouth being the most affected subsites. OSCC in young individuals were usually graded as well or moderately differentiated. Only 0.9% of the cases occurred in young patients without a reported risk habit. There was no increasing trend in the institutions and the period investigated (p > 0.05), but a decreasing trend was observed in Hong Kong and the sample as a whole (p < 0.001). In conclusion there was no increase of OSCC in young patients in the institutions investigated and young white females not exposed to any known risk factor represented a rare group of patients affected by OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
9.
Korean J Orthod ; 52(2): 142-149, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321953

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate clinical parameters and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) cytokines in children with anterior open bite receiving passive orthodontic treatment with spurs. Methods: Twenty children with indications for interceptive orthodontic treatment, an anterior open bite, and good oral hygiene and periodontal health were included in this study. GCF samples were collected from the mandibular and maxillary central incisors before (baseline) and 24 hours and 7 days after spur bonding. Clinical and periodontal examinations and cytokine analyses were performed. Results: At 7 days after spur attachment, gingival bleeding in the mandibular group was increased relative to that in the maxillary group. Visible plaque was correlated with gingival bleeding at 7 days and the GCF volume at 24 hours after spur attachment. Compared with those at baseline, interleukin (IL)-8 levels in the maxillary group and IL-1ß levels in both tooth groups increased at both 24 hours and 7 days and at 7 days, respectively. At 24 hours, IL-8, IL-1ß, and IL-6 levels were higher in the maxillary group than in the mandibular group. Cytokine production was positively correlated with increased GCF volume, but not with gingival bleeding, visible plaque, or probing depth. Conclusions: Although orthodontic treatment with spurs in children resulted in increased gingival bleeding around the mandibular incisors, IL levels were higher around the maxillary incisors and not correlated with periodontal parameters. Increased cytokine levels in GCF may be associated with the initial tooth movement during open bite correction with a passive orthodontic appliance in children.

10.
Int J Dermatol ; 2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35318652

RESUMO

Cheilitis glandularis (CG) is a rare inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that affects the minor salivary glands predominantly in the lower lip. In this article, we report the case of an 18-year-old black woman who presented with a deep suppurative type of CG in both lips. In addition, we performed a systematic literature review in five databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Ovid, and Embase) to identify CG case reports or case series. A total of 360 references were retrieved in the electronic databases. Thirty-four articles met the inclusion criteria, and six were retrieved through manual search, totaling 40 articles included in the systematic review. Thirty-nine (68.4%) cases occurred in male individuals and 18 (31.6%) in female individuals. The mean age of affected individuals was 40.9 years. Different clinical manifestations ranging from no symptoms to discomfort, pain, swelling, erythema, eversion of the lip, dilated ductal openings, ulcers, and crust have been reported. Among the included CG cases, 41 affected exclusively the lower lip (71.9%). In four cases, the CG only affected the upper lip (7.0%). In 12 cases, the lesion affected both the lower and upper lips (21.1%). Different treatment modalities were adopted in the management of CG. Although the surgical treatment was indicated (42.1%), the conservative treatment with topical medications, as in the present case, resulted in resolution in 21.0% of cases.

11.
Braz Oral Res ; 36: e044, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293509

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the presence of immature CD1a+ and mature CD83+ dendritic cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma, to compare immunoreactivity between smokers and nonsmokers, and to correlate the results with histopathological grading. In this observational study, twenty-eight paraffin-embedded biopsies of oral squamous cell carcinoma were retrospectively retrieved and submitted to immunohistochemistry for immature CD1a+ and mature CD83+. Descriptive and statistical analyses were performed. The sample consisted of 18 man (64.3%) and 10 women (35.7%), with a mean age of 64.6 years in the nonsmoker group and 53.2 years in the smoker group. The tongue (11 cases, 39.2%) was the most commonly affected anatomical site, followed by gingiva (6 cases, 21.4%). Histopathological grading revealed 7 low-grade and 7 high-grade malignancy cases in each group, and no correlation with the number of positive DCs. The number of immature CD1a+ was not significantly different between smoker and nonsmoker groups, while a lower number of mature CD83+ was detected in the smoker group (p = 0.001). Smoking changes the oral immune system and decreases the ability to activate and mature dendritic cells, which may influence the development and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Células Dendríticas , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
12.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(1): 304-313, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106409

RESUMO

Middle-aged and old adults (≥ 50 years) diagnosed with Cowden syndrome (CS) with orofacial manifestations are uncommon. We describe a case of CS in a 53-year-old female showing "narrow bird-like" face, macrocephaly, acral keratoses, oral candidiasis, burning in the mouth, and multiple asymptomatic papillomatous lesions with a cobblestone pattern distributed on the alveolar ridge, tongue, buccal mucosa, and commissure. The histopathological features of lesions of the oral mucosa were those of papillary fibroepithelial hyperplasia. Immunohistochemistry revealed strong positivity for PTEN and p53 in most epithelial cells, while the expression of Bcl-2, S-100, and Ki-67 was weak/negative. According to a review conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Scopus for the analysis of reports of CS individuals ≥ 50 years with orofacial manifestations, 56 cases have been described in literature. Predilection for women was observed, with a female:male ratio of 2.3:1. Thirty-five (62.5%) individuals developed some malignant neoplasms. Oral health providers should be aware of the orofacial aspects of CS, including multiple papillomatosis, which can be an important criterion for diagnosis. Since malignancies may occur in older adults with CS, the need for strict surveillance is necessary. The present case has been under follow-up for 7 years without evidence of other manifestations.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Hamartoma Múltiplo , Papiloma , Idoso , Feminino , Síndrome do Hamartoma Múltiplo/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Hamartoma Múltiplo/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase , Papiloma/patologia
13.
Head Neck Pathol ; 16(1): 294-303, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106410

RESUMO

Smooth muscle neoplasms represent an important group of lesions which is rare in the oral cavity. Leiomyoma (LM) is benign smooth muscle/pericytic tumor usually presenting as non-aggressive neoplasm, while leiomyosarcoma (LMS) represents its malignant counterpart. The rarity of these lesions, together with its unspecific clinical presentation and a variable histopathological appearance, lead to a broad list of differential diagnoses, hampering their diagnoses. Therefore, in this study we describe the clinical and microscopic features of a series of oral and maxillofacial LMs and LMSs. A retrospective search from 2000 to 2019 was performed and all cases diagnosed as LM and LMS affecting the oral cavity and gnathic bones were retrieved. Clinical and demographic data were obtained from the patients' pathology records, while microscopic features and immunohistochemistry were reviewed and completed when necessary to confirm the diagnoses. Twenty-two LMs and five LMSs were obtained. In the LM group, males predominated, with a mean age of 45.7 years. The upper lip was the most affected site, and 18 cases were classified as angioleiomyomas and four as solid LM. In the LMS group, females predominated, with a mean age of 47.6 years. The mandible was the most affected site. Diffuse proliferation of spindle cells, with necrosis and mitotic figures, were frequent microscopic findings. LMs and LMSs were positive for α-smooth muscle actin, HHF-35 and h-caldesmon. In conclusion, oral LM/LMS are uncommon neoplasms with the latter usually presenting as metastatic disease. H&E evaluation may be very suggestive of oral LMs, but h-caldesmon staining is strongly recommended to confirm LMS diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leiomioma , Leiomiossarcoma , Tumor de Músculo Liso , Neoplasias Uterinas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Proteínas de Ligação a Calmodulina , Feminino , Humanos , Leiomioma/diagnóstico , Leiomioma/patologia , Leiomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Leiomiossarcoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tumor de Músculo Liso/patologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Uterinas/patologia
14.
Oral Dis ; 28(6): 1561-1572, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinicopathologic features of acquired oral syphilis cases in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from the records of 18 oral diagnostic services in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and Peru. Serologies of nontreponemal and treponemal tests were used for diagnosis. RESULTS: The series comprised 339 cases of acquired oral syphilis. Secondary syphilis ranked as the most common stage (86.7%). Lesions were more frequent among males (58.0%) and young adults with a mean age of 33.3 years. Individuals aged 20-29 years were most affected (35.3%). The most commonly involved sites were the tongue (31.6%), lip/labial commissure (25.1%), and hard/soft palate (20.4%). Clinically, acquired oral syphilis usually presented as mucous patches (28.4%), papules (25.7%), and ulcers (18.1%). Skin manifestations occurred in 67.7% of individuals, while lymphadenopathy and fever were observed in 61.3% and 11.6% of all subjects, respectively. Most patients were treated with the benzathine penicillin G antibiotic. CONCLUSION: This report validates the spread of acquired oral syphilis infection among young adults in South America. Our directives include accessible diagnostic tools for proper disease screening, surveillance, and counselling of affected individuals, especially in low- and middle-income countries.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Sífilis , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Doenças da Boca/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Palato Duro , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sífilis/diagnóstico , Sífilis/tratamento farmacológico , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Dis Mon ; 68(5): 101300, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758917

RESUMO

Oral mucositis secondary to head and neck chemoradiation displays a complex molecular pathogenesis involving epithelial and microvascular injury, release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and host-microbiome communications. These processes lead to oxidative stress and the release of reactive oxygen species that stifle the structural integrity of the oral mucosa, with emergence of erosions and ulcers. The consequences are malnutrition, psychological/psychiatric symptoms, poor quality of life, and occurrence of opportunistic infections. The latter pose a major challenge due to the risk of interruption of anti-neoplastic therapy, tumour recurrence and, ultimately, death. This article aims to present the clinical characteristics, molecular pathogenesis, and an overview of the predisposing factors and current management of oral mucositis. It is anticipated that the future direction of the management of oral mucositis will focus on evidence-based prehabilitation and pre- and per-chemoradiation therapy monitoring.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Estomatite , Humanos , Mucosa Bucal , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Estomatite/etiologia , Estomatite/terapia
16.
Clin Oral Investig ; 26(3): 2807-2815, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783915

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the detection of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to verify the concordance of EBV-DNA frequency in subgingival sites and in the OSCC. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 30 OSCC patients, aged from 44 to 88 years old, was conducted. Samples were collected in subgingival sites and at the OSCC, then submitted to DNA isolation, qPCR, and genotyping. Descriptive statistic was performed to report the frequency of EBV-DNA in all samples, and McNemar test was applied to verify the concordance among the EBV-DNA frequency in both sites. RESULTS: The individuals presented 62 years old in average, and the majority were male (66.6%). EBV-DNA was detected in 56.7% OSCC lesions. Among the subgroup of 19 dentate individuals, high concordance (73.7%) in both EBV-DNA detection and the absence in subgingival sites and OSCC was observed, and it was statistically significant (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We report the notable occurrence of EBV-DNA in OSCC; also, the presence of EBV in periodontal sites may contribute to find it in OSCC, although the possible contribution of EBV in the OSCC remains to be investigated. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The identification of this easily accessible site of EBV latent infection may help to improve the patient's quality of life by maintenance of oral/periodontal health condition and preventing further possible disorders related to the virus, and also encourages new approaches for investigating EBV, periodontitis, and OSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Bolsa Periodontal , Qualidade de Vida , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
17.
Caries Res ; 56(1): 3-14, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34929707

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more affected by dental caries than children without ADHD by means of a systematic review and meta-analysis. DESIGN: Electronic searches were performed in 4 databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science) in July 2021. Grey literature search in OpenGrey, a search in Google Scholar, and searches in the reference list of included articles were also conducted. The eligibility criteria were observational studies in which children with ADHD were compared with children without ADHD with respect to the dental caries. Study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment, applying the Joanna Briggs tool were performed by 2 reviewers independently. Meta-analysis and assessment of heterogeneity among studies were conducted with the meta-package of RStudio using the R programming language (R Core Team, Vienna, Austria). Results of meta-analysis were provided in mean difference (MD), odds ratio (OR), and confidence intervals (CIs). For assessment of heterogeneity, Baujat plot and influence analysis plot were obtained. RESULTS: Thirteen studies were included and 10 were incorporated into meta-analyses. The meta-analysis showed that children with ADHD had a higher decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index than their peers without ADHD (I2 = 42%; MD = 0.75 [0.38-1.13]). For decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (I2 = 0; MD = 0.39 [-0.02 to 0.80]) and decayed surfaces (ds) (I2 = 0%; MD = 0.35 [-0.63 to 1.33]), no difference between groups was observed. In addition, children with ADHD had higher odds of having dental caries than their healthy peers (OR = 3.31 [1.25, 8.73]; I2 = 0%). After assessment of heterogeneity among studies, sensitivity analysis was conducted for DMFT. One study was removed and the significant difference between groups remained. Children with ADHD had a significantly higher DMFT index than their peers without ADHD (MD = 0.98 [CI = 0.75, 1.20]; I2 = 0%) Risk of bias ranged from low to high. CONCLUSION: The main shortcoming of the included studies is the high risk of bias regarding the strategies to deal with confounding factors. Within its limitations, this systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrated that children with ADHD were more likely to develop dental caries than their healthy counterparts. FUNDING: No funding. REGISTRATION: CRD42021238923.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Cárie Dentária , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/complicações , Viés , Criança , Assistência Odontológica , Cárie Dentária/complicações , Humanos , Razão de Chances
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e044, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1364587

RESUMO

Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the presence of immature CD1a+ and mature CD83+ dendritic cells in oral squamous cell carcinoma, to compare immunoreactivity between smokers and nonsmokers, and to correlate the results with histopathological grading. In this observational study, twenty-eight paraffin-embedded biopsies of oral squamous cell carcinoma were retrospectively retrieved and submitted to immunohistochemistry for immature CD1a+ and mature CD83+. Descriptive and statistical analyses were performed. The sample consisted of 18 man (64.3%) and 10 women (35.7%), with a mean age of 64.6 years in the nonsmoker group and 53.2 years in the smoker group. The tongue (11 cases, 39.2%) was the most commonly affected anatomical site, followed by gingiva (6 cases, 21.4%). Histopathological grading revealed 7 low-grade and 7 high-grade malignancy cases in each group, and no correlation with the number of positive DCs. The number of immature CD1a+ was not significantly different between smoker and nonsmoker groups, while a lower number of mature CD83+ was detected in the smoker group (p = 0.001). Smoking changes the oral immune system and decreases the ability to activate and mature dendritic cells, which may influence the development and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

19.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e124, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878079

RESUMO

The present study aimed to characterize the chemical elements and cytotoxicity of Carnoy's solution (CS) by comparing two different trademarked products (one Brazilian [NCS] and another imported [ICS]) using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cultures. For performing ICP-MS, the solutions were diluted according to calibration curves, and the chemical elements were analyzed with a spectrometer. HaCaT cells were exposed to CS concentrations ranging from 0.10% to 20% for 3 or 5 min. Cell viability was evaluated immediately (T0), 24 h (T1), and 7 days (T2) after exposure to CS using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) reduction assay. Data were analyzed using a t-test for ICP-MS and analysis of variance followed by Tukey's post-hoc test for MTT assay, both considering statistical significance at p<0.05. ICP-MS results revealed that ICS presented significantly lower concentrations of 12 chemical elements than NCS. The results of MTT assay revealed that at T0, ICS was more cytotoxic than NCS regardless of the time of exposure (p < 0.05). At T1, the only difference between the groups was at a concentration of 0.10% after 5 min of exposure. At T2, at a concentration of 0.5%, ICS resulted in a significant reduction in cell viability compared to NCS (p < 0.05). Thus, the results showed that ICS was more cytotoxic than NCS. Collectively, our findings suggest that the individual compositions of different CS formulations should be investigated.


Assuntos
Ácido Acético , Clorofórmio , Etanol , Humanos , Queratinócitos
20.
J Lasers Med Sci ; 12: e27, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733750

RESUMO

Introduction: The glands of Blandin-Nuhn are mucous and serous salivary glands situated on both sides of the midline of the ventral surface of the tongue. In this area, a mucocele generally results from trauma. The diagnosis of mucoceles is based on clinical and histopathological examinations and the recommended treatment is surgical excision. Case Report: This report describes a case of mucocele of the glands of Blandin-Nuhn (MGBN) affecting a 20-year-old male. Oval-shaped swelling with a smooth and bright surface of soft consistency was observed on the ventral surface of the individual's tongue. The diagnostic hypothesis was mucocele. Surgical excision was performed in a single session with a diode laser. A histopathological examination revealed mucus extravasating into connective tissue, with foamy macrophages and granulation tissue. Conclusion: The high-intensity laser was a safe and effective tool for treating MGBN. No need for a suture, minimal or no intraoperative bleeding, and a minimal report of pain and edema by the patient were observed. A diode laser may be a helpful tool because it is less invasive and it is safe and effective.

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