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1.
Eur J Cancer ; 155: 56-63, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical data suggest that docetaxel and enzalutamide interfere with androgen receptor translocation and signalling. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of their concurrent administration in the first-line treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS: In this open-label, randomised, phase II trial, previously untreated mCRPC patients were randomised 1:1 to receive eight 21-d courses of docetaxel 75 mg/m2, oral prednisone 5 mg twice daily and oral enzalutamide 160 mg/d (arm DE), or the same treatment without enzalutamide (arm D). The primary end-point was the percentage of patients without investigator-assessed disease progression 6 months after the first docetaxel administration. RESULTS: The 246 eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive docetaxel, prednisone and enzalutamide (n = 120) or docetaxel and prednisone (n = 126). The 6-month progression rate was 12.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 8.1-20.6) in arm DE and 27.8% (95% CI 22.8-39.4) in arm D (chi-squared test 10.01; P = 0.002). The most frequent grade III-IV adverse events were fatigue (12.5% in arm DE versus 5.6% in arm D), febrile neutropenia (9.3% versus 4.0%) and neutropenia (7.6% versus 5.6%). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of enzalutamide and docetaxel appears to be more clinically beneficial than docetaxel alone in previously untreated mCRPC patients, although serious adverse events were more frequent. Our findings suggest that first-line treatment with this combination could lead to an additional clinical benefit when prompt and prolonged disease control is simultaneously required. Clearly, these results should be considered cautiously because of the study's phase II design and the absence of an overall survival benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: EudraCT 2014-000175-43 - NCT02453009.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Nitrilas/uso terapêutico , Feniltioidantoína/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/farmacologia
2.
Oncologist ; 26(4): 341-347, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355953

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In Europe, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic had its first epicenter in Italy. Despite a significant mortality rate, the severity of most cases of COVID-19 infection ranges from asymptomatic to mildly symptomatic, and silent infection affects a still-unknown proportion of the general population. No information is available on the prevalence and clinical impact of SARS-CoV-2 silent infection among patients with cancer receiving anticancer treatment during the pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 1, 2020, to the end of the same month, 560 consecutive patients with cancer, asymptomatic for COVID-19 and on anticancer treatment at Papa Giovanni XXIII Hospital in Bergamo, were evaluated and tested for SARS-CoV-2. We implemented a two-step diagnostics, including the rapid serological immunoassay for anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin (Ig) G/IgM and the nasopharyngeal swab reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test in case of seropositivity to identify SARS-CoV-2 silent carriers. RESULTS: In 560 patients, 172 (31%) resulted positive for anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG antibodies, regardless of different type of cancer, stage, and treatment. The Ig-seropositive patients were then tested with RT-PCR nasopharyngeal swabs, and 38% proved to be SARS-CoV-2 silent carriers. At an early follow-up, in the 97 SARS-CoV-2-seropositive/RT-PCR-negative patients who continued their anticancer therapies, only one developed symptomatic COVID-19 illness. CONCLUSION: Among patients with cancer, the two-step diagnostics is feasible and effective for SARS-CoV-2 silent carriers detection and might support optimal cancer treatment strategies at both the individual and the population level. The early safety profile of the different anticancer therapies, in patients previously exposed to SARS-CoV-2, supports the recommendation to continue the active treatment, at least in cases of RT-PCR-negative patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This is the first study evaluating the prevalence and clinical impact of SARS-CoV-2 silent infection in actively treated patients with cancer, during the epidemic peak in one of the worst areas of the COVID-19 pandemic. Lacking national and international recommendations for the detection of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection, a pragmatic and effective two-step diagnostics was implemented to ascertain SARS-CoV-2 silent carriers. In this series, consisting of consecutive and unselected patients with cancer, the prevalence of both SARS-CoV-2-seropositive patients and silent carriers is substantial (31% and 10%, respectively). The early safety profile of the different anticancer therapies, in patients previously exposed to SARS-CoV-2, supports the recommendation to continue the active treatment, at least in case of RT-PCR-negative patients.


Assuntos
Infecções Assintomáticas , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Neoplasias , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Pandemias , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
3.
Tumori ; : 300891620915786, 2020 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stomatitis is highly prevalent in patients with cancer treated with the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor everolimus; it usually has an early onset and may compromise treatment dose intensity and patients' quality of life. Within the randomized controlled Stomatitis Prevention trial (STOP, ISRCTN14568888), we investigated the possibility of using a commercial natural multicomponent mouthwash (Orasol Plus®) to prevent the development of stomatitis of any grade in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated with everolimus. METHODS: Overall, 62 patients were randomized to receive either Orasol Plus in addition to oral hygiene or oral hygiene alone (31 patients per treatment arm). RESULTS: In the whole study population, 28 episodes of stomatitis were observed (41.9%); in only 2 patients, stomatitis occurred more than once (2 episodes). As expected, the episodes of stomatitis occurred early in the course of treatment with everolimus. Treatment with Orasol Plus prevented the onset of everolimus-induced stomatitis: only 8 episodes of stomatitis were observed in the treated group with Orasol Plus in addition to oral hygiene vs 20 episodes in the group treated with oral hygiene only (p = 0021). Also, a reduction in the average duration of mucositis in patients treated with Orasol Plus compared to patients treated with oral hygiene only was observed (8 days vs 11.2 days, p = 0.0416). CONCLUSION: This study showed that the use of a natural multicomponent mouthwash coupled with regular oral hygiene was able to reduce the severity and duration of everolimus-induced stomatitis in patients with RCC. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN14568888.

4.
Future Oncol ; 14(26): 2691-2699, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30207488

RESUMO

AIM: To collect efficacy and safety data of enzalutamide after docetaxel, we retrospectively evaluated the Italian Named Patient Program results. PATIENTS & METHODS: Two hundred and nine metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients were enrolled. Median age was 73 years. Total 42.1% patients had pain, 14.4% had a performance status of two and 59.8% had a Gleason score ≥8. Total 31.1% had previously received ≥2 chemotherapies, 15.3 and 12% had been previously treated with abiraterone and cabazitaxel, respectively and 14.8% had received both. RESULTS:  Median progression-free survival and overall survival were 4.8 and 13.1 months, respectively. A prostate-specific antigen reduction ≥50% was observed in 49.1%. Total 32.7% abiraterone-pretreated patients achieved a biochemical response compared with 56% of abiraterone-naive patients. CONCLUSION:  Enzalutamide was safe and well tolerated. Its antitumor activity in abiraterone-pretreated patients was limited.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Androstenos/farmacologia , Androstenos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Benzamidas , Progressão da Doença , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Calicreínas/sangue , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nitrilas , Feniltioidantoína/farmacologia , Feniltioidantoína/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Oncotarget ; 7(26): 40085-40094, 2016 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27223078

RESUMO

We aimed to identify clinical predictors of long-term response to abiraterone (defined as >12 months drug exposure) in a retrospective cohort of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer patients treated in post-docetaxel setting at 24 Italian centers. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the association between clinical features and the duration of drug exposure. Results were expressed as hazard ratios (HR) with associated 95% confidence intervals (CI). A total of 143 patients met the inclusion criteria. Their median age was 73 years, median Gleason score 8 and median abiraterone exposure 20 months. At the univariate analysis, a significant correlation with the duration of abiraterone exposure was found for Gleason score (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.71-0.96; p=0.012), PSA (HR 1.10, 95% CI 1.03-1.18; p=0.08) and lactic dehydrogenase levels (HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.02-1.46; p=0.027), while the association between lower alkaline phosphatase levels and treatment duration was marginally significant (HR 1.07, 95% CI 0.99-1.16; p=0.074). Only PSA and Gleason score were predictive of long-term treatment duration in the multivariate analysis. No other clinical factors resulted to be predictive of sustained response to abiraterone, including metastatic disease at diagnosis and visceral disease, suggesting that all subgroups of patients may derive a substantial clinical benefit from abiraterone treatment. These findings need to be validated in prospective, larger studies.


Assuntos
Androstenos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Docetaxel , Seguimentos , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxoides/uso terapêutico
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(2): e2299, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26765406

RESUMO

Cabazitaxel provided a survival advantage compared with mitoxantrone in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer refractory to docetaxel. Grade 3 to 4 (G3-4) neutropenia and febrile neutropenia were relatively frequent in the registrative XRP6258 Plus Prednisone Compared to Mitoxantrone Plus Prednisone in Hormone Refractory Metastatic Prostate Cancer (TROPIC) trial, but their incidence was lower in the Expanded Access Program (EAP). Although cumulative doses of docetaxel are associated with neuropathy, the effect of cumulative doses of cabazitaxel is unknown. In this retrospective review of prospectively collected data, the authors assessed "per cycle" incidence and predictors of toxicity in the Italian cohort of the EAP, with a focus on the effect of cumulative doses of cabazitaxel.The study population consisted of 218 Italian patients enrolled in the cabazitaxel EAP. The influence of selected variables on the most relevant adverse events identified was assessed using a Generalized Estimating Equations model at univariate and multivariate analysis."Per cycle" incidence of G 3 to 4 neutropenia was 8.7%, whereas febrile neutropenia was reported in 0.9% of cycles. All events of febrile neutropenia occurred during the first 3 cycles. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher prior dose of cabazitaxel was associated with decreased odds of having G3 to 4 neutropenia (OR = 0.90; 95% CI: 0.86-0.93; P < 0.01), febrile neutropenia (OR = 0.52; 95% CI: 0.34-0.81; P < 0.01) and G3 to 4 anemia (OR = 0.93; 95% CI: 0.86-1; P = 0.07). Patients with a body surface area >2 m2 presented increased odds of having G 3 to 4 neutropenia (OR = 0.93; 95% CI: 0.86-1; P = 0.07), but decreased odds of having G3 to 4 anemia.Among the toxicities assessed, the authors did not identify any that appeared to be associated with a higher number of cabazitaxel cycles delivered. Prior cumulative dose was associated with reduced G3 to 4 neutropenia and anemia. The apparent protective effect associated with higher doses of cabazitaxel is likely to be affected by early dose reduction and early toxicity-related treatment discontinuation. Because this analysis is limited by its retrospective design, prospective trials are required to assess the optimal duration of cabazitaxel treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Future Oncol ; 12(4): 493-502, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26776493

RESUMO

AIM: To assess clinical outcomes in octogenarians treated with docetaxel (DOC) for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. PATIENTS & METHODS: The multicenter retrospective study was based on a review of the pre- and post-DOC clinical history, DOC treatment and outcomes. RESULTS: We reviewed the records of 123 patients (median age: 82 years) who received DOC every 3 weeks or weekly, without significant grade 3-4 toxicities. Median progression-free survival was 7 months; median overall survival from the start of DOC was 20 months, but post-progression treatments significantly prolonged overall survival. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that toxicity is acceptable, survival is independent of patient's age and survival can be significantly prolonged by the use of new agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 14(1): 48-55, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26382222

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer mainly affects older men, opening issues about the efficacy and safety of therapies in this population. We have demonstrated that abiraterone, a selective androgen biosynthesis inhibitor, is a safe and active therapeutic option in a subgroup of 47 very elderly adults (aged > 80 years) enrolled in the Italian named patient program, with a tolerability profile and clinical outcomes comparable to those of younger population. BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer mainly affects elderly men, who are often frail and whose reduced physiological reserves and multiple comorbidities increase the risk of side effects. The availability of new drugs has improved the overall survival (OS) of patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) but has increased the number of very elderly CRPC patients receiving anticancer drugs, raising questions about their efficacy and safety in this population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed the tolerability of abiraterone (AA) in a cohort of very elderly adults with metastatic CRPC (mCRPC) enrolled in the Italian AA named patient program and analyzed their clinical outcomes. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 47 mCRPC patients aged > 80 years who had received AA after docetaxel. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate OS and progression-free survival (PFS). Safety and clinical outcomes were also analyzed by age group (< 80 and > 80 years). Cox regression analysis was used to calculate the differences in PFS and OS between the groups according to the stratification variables. RESULTS: In very elderly men, the prostate-specific antigen response rate was 48.9%, and the median PFS and OS were 8 and 18 months, respectively. The differences in toxicities between the older and younger age groups were not major. The limitation of the present study was mainly its retrospective nature. CONCLUSION: Our data show that AA is active and safe in very elderly patients and leads to outcomes similar to those observed in younger patients, thus confirming that AA is a manageable therapeutic option for this patient population.


Assuntos
Acetato de Abiraterona/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ensaios de Uso Compassivo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Future Oncol ; 11(21): 2881-91, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26436290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of visceral metastases in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) treated with abiraterone. MATERIALS & METHODS: All CRPC patients received abiraterone 1000 mg daily plus prednisone 10 mg orally daily. Liver and lung metastases were considered as visceral metastases. RESULTS: Of 265 CRPC patients, 49 had visceral metastases. Results on progression-free survival were not significantly different in patients with or without visceral metastases. Conversely, the median overall survival between the two groups was 12.4 and 18.5 months (p = 0.01), respectively, and median overall survival of patients with liver-only disease versus other sites was 10.5 versus 18.5 months (p = 0.006), respectively. CONCLUSION: Visceral disease appears to be an important predictor of clinical outcome in CRPC patients treated with abiraterone.


Assuntos
Androstenos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Vísceras/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Androstenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Urol Oncol ; 33(6): 265.e15-21, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25907622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of younger patients with prostate cancer is unclear, and the very few studies assessing those with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) have mainly involved patients treated with older therapies. The aim of this observational study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of a contemporary series of docetaxel-treated patients with mCRPC who were 60 years and younger. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified 134 patients who were 60 years and younger who were treated with docetaxel in 25 Italian hospitals and recorded their predocetaxel history of prostate cancer, their characteristics at the start of chemotherapy, and their postdocetaxel treatment history and outcomes. RESULTS: Most of the 134 consecutive patients with mCRPC received the standard 3-week docetaxel schedule; median progression-free survival (PFS) was 7 months, and 90 patients underwent further therapies after progression. The median overall survival (OS) from the start of docetaxel treatment was 21 months, but OS was significantly prolonged by the postprogression treatments, particularly those based on the new agents such as cabazitaxel, abiraterone acetate, or enzalutamide. OS was significantly shorter in the patients with a shorter interval between the diagnosis of prostate cancer and the start of docetaxel treatment; those who received hormonal treatment for a shorter period; those with shorter prostate-specific antigen doubling times; and those with lower hemoglobin levels, a worse performance status, and higher lactate dehydrogenase levels before starting treatment with docetaxel. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this first study of clinical outcomes in a contemporary series of younger patients with mCRPC showed that their survival is similar to that expected in unselected patients with mCRPC who were of any age.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Eur Urol ; 68(1): 147-53, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25457020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The availability of new agents (NAs) active in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) progressing after docetaxel treatment (abiraterone acetate, cabazitaxel, and enzalutamide) has led to the possibility of using them sequentially to obtain a cumulative survival benefit. OBJECTIVE: To provide clinical outcome data relating to a large cohort of mCRPC patients who received a third-line NA after the failure of docetaxel and another NA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients who had received at least two successive NAs after the failure of docetaxel. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The independent prognostic value of a series of pretreatment covariates on the primary outcome measure of overall survival was assessed using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: We assessed 260 patients who received one third-line NA between January 2012 and December 2013, including 38 who received a further NA as fourth-line therapy. The median progression-free and overall survival from the start of third-line therapy was, respectively, 4 mo and 11 mo, with no significant differences between the NAs. Performance status, and haemoglobin and alkaline phosphatase levels were the only independent prognostic factors. The limitations of the study are mainly due its retrospective nature and the small number of patients treated with some of the sequences. CONCLUSIONS: We were unable to demonstrate a difference in the clinical outcomes of third-line NAs regardless of previous NA therapy. PATIENT SUMMARY: It is debated which sequence of treatments to adopt after docetaxel. Our data do not support the superiority of any of the three new agents in third-line treatment, regardless of the previously administered new agent.


Assuntos
Acetato de Abiraterona/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Benzamidas , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Nitrilas , Feniltioidantoína/uso terapêutico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Urol ; 193(6): 1905-10, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25433306

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Several prognostic models have been proposed for metastatic renal cell carcinoma but none has been validated in patients who receive third line targeted agents. We evaluated prognostic factors in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who received a third line targeted agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data on 2,065 patients with clear cell metastatic renal cell carcinoma who were treated with targeted therapy at a total of 23 centers in Italy. Included in final analysis were 281 patients treated with 3 targeted agents. Overall survival was the main outcome. Cox proportional hazards regression followed by bootstrap validation was used to identify independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: Three clinical characteristics (ECOG performance status greater than 1, metastasis at diagnosis and liver metastasis) and 2 biochemical factors (hemoglobin less than the lower limit of normal and neutrophil count greater than the upper limit of normal, respectively) were prognostic. Patients were classified into 3 risk categories, including low-zero or 1, intermediate-2 and high risk-more than 2 risk factors. Median overall survival was 19.7, 10.1 and 5.5 months, and 1-year overall survival was 71%, 43% and 15%, respectively. The major limitation was the retrospective nature of this study and absent external validation. CONCLUSIONS: This nomogram included clinical and biochemical prognostic factors. In clinical trials it may be useful to select patients and define the prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
BJU Int ; 115(5): 764-71, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24988879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of abiraterone acetate (AA) in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) treated in a compassionate named patient programme (NPP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients with mCRPC treated with AA at the standard daily oral dose of 1000 mg plus prednisone 10 mg/day in 19 Italian hospitals. RESULTS: We assessed 265 patients with mCRPC treated with AA. The most frequent (>1%) grade 3-4 toxicities were anaemia (4.2%), fatigue (4.2%), and bone pain (1.5%). The median progression-free survival was 7 months; median overall survival was 17 months after starting AA, and 35 months after the first docetaxel administration. Our study reproduced the clinical outcomes reported in the AA pivotal trial, including those relating to special populations such as the elderly, patients with a poor performance status, symptomatic patients, and patients with visceral metastases. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show the safety and activity of AA when administered outside clinical trials, and confirm the findings of the post-docetaxel pivotal trial in the patients as a whole population and in special populations of specific interest.


Assuntos
Androstenos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Acetato de Abiraterona , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Androstenos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios de Uso Compassivo , Docetaxel , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Future Oncol ; 10(6): 975-83, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24295376

RESUMO

AIM: Cabazitaxel is a novel taxane that is approved for use in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer based on the Phase III TROPIC study, which showed improved overall survival with cabazitaxel/prednisone versus mitoxantrone/prednisone. A global early-access program was initiated in order to provide early access to cabazitaxel in docetaxel-pretreated patients and to obtain real-world data. PATIENTS & METHODS: We report interim safety results from an Italian prospective, single-arm, multicenter, open-label trial of 218 patients receiving cabazitaxel 25 mg/m2 every 3 weeks plus prednisolone 10 mg/day, until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, investigator's decision or death. RESULTS: Patients completing treatment received a median of six cabazitaxel cycles. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (33.9%), leukopenia (15.6%), anemia (6%) and asthenia (6%). No peripheral neuropathy or nail disorders were observed. CONCLUSION: These results confirm that cabazitaxel has a manageable safety profile in daily clinical practice and support its use in patients with prostate cancer who progress during or after a docetaxel-based therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Eur J Cancer ; 49(9): 2134-42, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23518211

RESUMO

AIM: A number of targeted therapies (TTs) are effective in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) but clinical outcomes with the sequential use of three TTs have been poorly investigated, this study evaluates their outcome. METHODS: Patients with clear cells mRCC treated with three TTs were retrospectively studied. Therapies were classified as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)/vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) or mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (mTORi). Progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and total PFS (tPFS)--defined as the time from start of first-line to progression on third-line treatment--were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and curves were compared with log-rank test. RESULTS: A total of 2065 patients with mRCC were consecutively treated with first-line TT in 23 centres in Italy. Overall 281/2065 patients (13%) were treated with three TTs. Median OS and tPFS were 44.7 and 34.1 months, respectively and were longer in patients receiving the sequence vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors (VEGFi)-VEGFi-mTORi compared with those receiving VEGFi-mTORi-VEGFi with a statistical difference in OS (50.7 versus 37.8 months, p = 0.004; 36.5 versus 29.3 months, p = 0.059, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Few patients received three lines of TTs. The sequence VEGFi-VEGFi-mTORi was associated with improved survival with respect to VEGFi-mTORi-VEGFi and primary resistance to first-line was a negative predictive and prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores
16.
Lancet Oncol ; 13(8): 810-6, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22819172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of new drugs for patients with refractory urothelial cancer is still an unmet medical need. Preclinical evidence lends support to a rationale for targeting of the VEGF or platelet-derived growth-factor axis. We therefore investigated the activity and safety of pazopanib, a multitarget drug with antiangiogenic activity, in patients with urothelial cancer. METHODS: In an open-label, single-group, phase 2 study, patients (aged ≥18 years) with relapsed or refractory urothelial cancer were given pazopanib 800 mg per day, orally. They were treated until disease progression or prohibitive toxicity occurred. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who achieved a confirmed objective response, defined as complete or partial response, after independent review, and was analysed by intention to treat. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01031875. FINDINGS: The trial has been completed. 21 (51%) of 41 patients enrolled were given pazopanib as third-line or further-line treatment. 26 (63%) patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 1 or 2. Seven patients had a confirmed objective response (17·1%, 95% CI 7·2-32·1), all of which were partial responses. The most frequent treatment-related grade 3 adverse events were hypertension (three [7%]), fatigue (two [5%]), and gastrointestinal and vaginal fistulisations (two each [5%]). One patient died as a result of duodenal fistulisation that was related to tissue response of bulky tumour masses. INTERPRETATION: Pazopanib has single-agent activity in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic urothelial cancer, and warrants further study in this setting. Particular attention should be paid to patients with bulky tumour masses adjacent to viscera because fistulisation is probably related to the response to pazopanib and is the most frequent serious adverse event. FUNDING: Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori provided the grant. GlaxoSmithKline provided the study drug and provided funding for the independent radiological review.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Urotélio/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Idoso , Inibidores da Angiogênese/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Angiogênese/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Indazóis , Itália , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral , Neoplasias Urológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Urológicas/patologia , Urotélio/patologia
17.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 59(4): 553-61, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19779715

RESUMO

This is the first phase III randomised trial to evaluate maintenance immunotherapy in metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC). Patients were randomised to receive treatment with a 4-week cycle of subcutaneous low doses IL-2 + IFN in months 1, 3 and 5, and then every 3 months until the first documented disease progression (arm A, suspension), or the same regimen, with chronic maintenance of immunotherapy, regardless of tumour response, until death or intolerable toxicity (arm B, maintenance). The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS); secondary endpoints were time from first progression to death (TFPTD) and tolerability. One hundred and eighty-three patients were enrolled between January 1998 and November 2003. After a median follow-up of 53.9 months, response rate, median OS and median TFPTD were 14.7% (6.3% CR) versus 11.3% (5.5% CR), 14 versus 14 months, 6 versus 5 months, in arms A and B, respectively with no significant differences between the groups. Cox regression analysis showed that the use of chemotherapy after first progression (HR 0.54; 95% CI 0.35-0.86; p = 0.008), PS = 0 (HR 0.53; 95% CI 0.35-0.81; p = 0.001) and female gender (HR 0.63; 95% CI 0.41-0.98; p = 0.038) were significantly associated with a longer TFPTD; treatment arm was not significant (HR 0.88; 95% CI 0.60-1.31; p = 0.54). Toxicity was mainly limited to WHO grades 1 or 2. Chronic maintenance immunotherapy after disease progression is feasible, but does not significantly increase OS or the TFPTD.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-2/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Papilar/imunologia , Carcinoma Papilar/secundário , Carcinoma de Células Renais/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/secundário , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/imunologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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