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1.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 74(Pt 12): 1635-1640, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30516147

RESUMO

The substituted acetylacetone 3-[2-(pyridin-4-yl)ethyl]pentane-2,4-dione, C12H15NO2, (1), with an ethylene bridge between the acetylacetone moiety and the heteroaromatic ring, represents an attractive linker for mixed-metal coordination polymers. In the crystal, (1) adopts an antiperiplanar conformation with respect to the C-C bond in the central ethylene group and almost coplanar acetylacetone and pyridyl groups. The ditopic molecule exists as the enol tautomer, with proton disorder in the short intramolecular hydrogen bond. Single-crystal neutron diffraction at 2.5 K indicated site occupancies of 0.602 (17) and 0.398 (17). The geometry of the acetylacetone moiety is in agreement with such a site preference of the bridging hydrogen: the O atom associated with the preferred H-atom site subtends the longer [1.305 (2) Å] and the more carbonyl-like O atom the shorter [1.288 (2) Å] C-O bond. Based on structure-factor calculations for the alternative H-atom sites, reflections particularly sensitive for proton distribution were identified and measured in a second neutron data collection at 170 K. At this temperature, 546 independent neutron intensities were used to refine positional and isotropic displacement parameters for a structure model in which parameters for C and O atoms were constrained to those obtained by single-crystal X-ray diffraction at the same temperature. The site occupancies for the disordered proton do not significantly differ from those at 2.5 K.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 57(8): 4657-4666, 2018 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29620364

RESUMO

Oxygen intercalation/deintercalation in Pr2NiO4+δ and Nd2NiO4+δ was followed by in situ neutron powder diffraction during electrochemical oxidation/reduction, in a dedicated reaction cell at room temperature. For both systems three phases, all showing the same line width, were identified. The starting phases Pr2NiO4.23 and Nd2NiO4.24, considered with an average orthorhombic Fmmm symmetry, although both show a slight monoclinic distortion, get reduced in a two-phase reaction step to tetragonal intermediate phases with 0.07 ≤ δ ≤ 0.10 and P42/ ncm space group, which on further reduction transform, again in a two-phase reaction step, toward the respective stoichiometric (Pr/Nd)2NiO4.0 phases, with Bmab space group. Electrochemical oxidation does, however, not proceed fully reversibly for both cases: while the reoxidation of Nd2NiO4+δ is limited to the tetragonal intermediate phase with δ = 0.10, the homologous Pr2NiO4+δ can be reoxidized up to δ = 0.17, showing orthorhombic symmetry. For the intermediate tetragonal phase, we were able to establish for Pr2NiO4.09 a complex anharmonic displacement behavior of the apical oxygen atoms, as analyzed by single-crystal neutron diffraction and maximum entropy analysis, in agreement with a low- T diffusion pathway for oxygen ions, activated by lattice dynamics.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 57(9): 5089-5095, 2018 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29630373

RESUMO

For a symmetry-consistent theoretical description of the ferroelectric phase of Ba2MnGe2O7 melilite compound, a precise knowledge of its crystal structure is a prerequisite. Here we report results of single-crystal neutron diffraction experiments on Ba2MnGe2O7 at room (300 K) and low (10 K) temperatures. The structural model based on the tetragonal space group P4̅21 m describes the Ba2MnGe2O7 symmetry both at room and low temperatures. We found reflections forbidden in the typical P4̅21 m melilite-type structure. A comparison of the experimental data collected by means of both thermal and cold neutrons with simulated multiple diffraction patterns allows us to unambiguously demonstrate that forbidden peaks originate from multiple diffraction (Renninger effect) rather than from real symmetry lowering. The precise structural parameters at 300 and 10 K are presented for the first time and compared with those of other magnetoelectric melilite-type germanates.

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 138(13): 4468-83, 2016 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27015162

RESUMO

Rare earth silicate apatites are one-dimensional channel structures that show potential as electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) due to their high ionic conductivity at intermediate temperatures (500-700 °C). This advantageous property can be attributed to the presence of both interstitial oxygen and cation vacancies, that create diffusion paths which computational studies suggest are less tortuous and have lower activation energies for migration than in stoichiometric compounds. In this work, neutron diffraction of Nd(28+x)/3AlxSi6-xO26 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.5) single crystals identified the locations of oxygen interstitials, and allowed the deduction of a dual-path conduction mechanism that is a natural extension of the single-path sinusoidal channel trajectory arrived at through computation. This discovery provides the most thorough understanding of the O(2-) transport mechanism along the channels to date, clarifies the mode of interchannel motion, and presents a complete picture of O(2-) percolation through apatite. Previously reported crystallographic and conductivity measurements are re-examined in the light of these new findings.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26830804

RESUMO

In the antiferromagnetic ground state, below TN ≃ 5.7 K, Ca2CoSi2O7 exhibits strong magnetoelectric coupling. For a symmetry-consistent theoretical description of this multiferroic phase, precise knowledge of its crystal structure is a prerequisite. Here we report the results of single-crystal neutron diffraction on Ca2CoSi2O7 at temperatures between 10 and 250 K. The low-temperature structure at 10 K was refined assuming twinning in the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2 with a 3 × 3 × 1 supercell [a = 23.52 (1), b = 23.52 (1), c = 5.030 (3) Å] compared with the high-temperature normal state [tetragonal space group P42(1)m, a = b ≃ 7.86, c ≃ 5.03 Å]. The precise structural parameters of Ca2CoSi2O7 at 10 K are presented and compared with the literature X-ray diffraction results at 130 and 170 K (low-temperature commensurate phase), as well as at ∼ 500 K (high-temperature normal phase).

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23873058

RESUMO

Single-crystal neutron diffraction was used to investigate the H-atom disorder in triammonium hydrogen disulfate (TAHS), (NH4)3H(SO4)2, below room temperature. Crystal structure analysis of the monoclinic phase III shows an increase of proton ordering with decreasing temperature in the (SO4)H(SO4) dimer. Moreover, the NH4(+) groups on a general position begin ordering in this phase. The monoclinic unit cell of TAHS-IV doubles in the b direction and a slight distortion of SO4(2-) and NH4(+) tetrahedra is observed. The order parameter introduced by Landau was determined for the second-order II/III and III/IV phase transitions from the intensities of the superstructure reflections. TAHS-V has a triclinic space group and the crystal structure seems to be completely ordered according to a structure analysis by single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements. In addition, the decisive role of the dynamical disorder of different ammonium groups on successive phase transitions is discussed. Additional peaks were observed by X-ray powder diffraction measurements at ∼ 70 K on cooling, which refers to the V/VII phase transition. These additional peaks remained up to ∼ 85 K on heating. They were described with a doubling of the unit cell along all three principal crystallographic directions.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio/química , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/química , Transição de Fase , Prótons , Temperatura , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Moleculares , Difração de Nêutrons , Difração de Pó
7.
Acta Crystallogr B ; 67(Pt 6): 552-9, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22101544

RESUMO

N,N-Dimethylbiguanidinium bis(hydrogensquarate) features an impressive range of hydrogen bonds within the same crystal structure: neighbouring anions aggregate to a dianionic pair through two strong O-H···O interactions; one of these can be classified among the shortest hydrogen bonds ever studied. Cations and anions in this organic salt further interact via conventional N-H···O and nonclassical C-H···O contacts to an extended structure. As all these interactions occur in the same sample, the title compound is particularly suitable to monitor even subtle trends in hydrogen bonds. Neutron and high-resolution X-ray diffraction experiments have enabled us to determine the electron density precisely and to address its properties with an emphasis on the nature of the X-H···O interactions. Sensitive criteria such as the Laplacian of the electron density and energy densities in the bond-critical points reveal the incipient covalent character of the shortest O-H···O bond. These findings are in agreement with the precise geometry from neutron diffraction: the shortest hydrogen bond is also significantly more symmetric than the longer interactions.

8.
Acta Crystallogr B ; 67(Pt 2): 116-21, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21422610

RESUMO

The highly disordered crystal structure of triammonium hydrogen disulfate, (NH(4))(3)H(SO(4))(2), in the high-temperature phase I was studied using single-crystal neutron diffraction. It is known that the O atom involved in hydrogen bonding between neighbouring SO(4) tetrahedra is disordered and takes a split-atom position, building a two-dimensional hydrogen-bond network in the (001) plane. The H atoms in these SO(4)-H-SO(4) hydrogen bonds are disordered and hence refined with a split-atom model. Moreover, from the much larger anisotropic mean-square displacements of ammonium protons the NH(4)(+) groups were refined with a reasonable split-atom model, and their motional behaviour was also analysed by rigid-body treatment. Finally, careful consideration was given to show possible supplementary proton migration between the ammonium protons and those of the hydrogen bonds in this high-temperature phase.

9.
Acta Crystallogr B ; 65(Pt 6): 664-75, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19923694

RESUMO

Synthetic Co(2)SiO(4) crystallizes in the olivine structure (space group Pnma) with two crystallographically non-equivalent Co positions and shows antiferromagnetic ordering below 50 K. We have investigated the temperature variation of the Co(2)SiO(4) magnetic structure by means of non-polarized and polarized neutron diffraction for single crystals. Measurements with non-polarized neutrons were made at 2.5 K (below T(N)), whereas polarized neutron diffraction experiments were carried out at 70 and 150 K (above T(N)) in an external magnetic field of 7 T parallel to the b axis. Additional accurate non-polarized powder diffraction studies were performed in a broad temperature range from 5 to 500 K with small temperature increments. Detailed symmetry analysis of the Co(2)SiO(4) magnetic structure shows that it corresponds to the magnetic (Shubnikov) group Pnma, which allows the antiferromagnetic configuration (G(x), C(y), A(z)) for the 4a site with inversion symmetry 1 (Co1 position) and (0,C(y),0) for the 4c site with mirror symmetry m (Co2 position). The temperature dependence of the Co1 and Co2 magnetic moments obtained from neutron diffraction experiments was fitted in a modified molecular-field model. The polarized neutron study of the magnetization induced by an applied field shows a non-negligible amount of magnetic moment on the oxygen positions, indicating a delocalization of the magnetic moment from Co towards neighbouring O owing to superexchange coupling. The relative strength of the exchange interactions is discussed based on the non-polarized and polarized neutron data.

10.
Acta Crystallogr B ; 64(Pt 6): 661-8, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19029695

RESUMO

Synthetic Co2SiO4 has an olivine structure with isolated SiO4 groups (space group Pnma) and shows magnetic ordering below 50 K. Single-crystal neutron diffraction was applied to determine precise crystal structure parameters at low temperatures. No structural phase transition was revealed in the temperature range 2.5-300 K. Lattice parameters were determined by high-resolution X-ray powder diffraction between 15 and 300 K. There is a clear evidence of an anomalous thermal expansion related to the magnetic phase transition which can be attributed to magnetostriction.

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