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1.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2021 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951084

RESUMO

Glioma-induced aphasia (GIA) is frequently observed in patients with newly diagnosed gliomas. Previous studies showed an impact of gliomas not only on local brain regions but also on the functionality and structure of brain networks. The current study used navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) to localize language-related regions and to explore language function at the network level in combination with connectome analysis. Thirty glioma patients without aphasia (NA) and 30 patients with GIA were prospectively enrolled. Tumors were located in the vicinity of arcuate fasciculus-related cortical and subcortical regions. The visualized ratio (VR) of each tract was calculated based on their respective fractional anisotropy (FA) and maximal FA. Using a thresholding method of each tract at 25% VR and 50% VR, DTI-based tractography was performed to construct structural brain networks for graph-based connectome analysis, containing functional data acquired by nTMS. The average degree of left hemispheric networks (Mleft ) was higher in the NA group than in the GIA group for both VR thresholds. Differences of global and local efficiency between 25% and 50% VR thresholds were significantly lower in the NA group than in the GIA group. Aphasia levels correlated with connectome properties in Mleft and networks based on positive nTMS mapping regions (Mpos ). A more substantial relation to language performance was found in Mpos and Mleft compared to the network of negative mapping regions (Mneg ). Gliomas causing deterioration of language are related to various cerebral networks. In NA patients, mainly Mneg was impacted, while Mpos was impacted in GIA patients.

2.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the reconstructed field-of-view (FOV) on image quality in computed-tomography angiography (CTA) of the lower extremities. METHODS: A total of 100 CTA examinations of the lower extremities were acquired on a 2 × 192-slice multidetector CT (MDCT) scanner. Three different datasets were reconstructed covering both legs (standard FOV size) as well as each leg separately (reduced FOV size). The subjective image quality was evaluated for the different vessel segments (femoral, popliteal, crural, pedal) by three readers using a semi-quantitative Likert scale. Additionally, objective image quality was assessed using an automated image quality metric on a per-slice basis. RESULTS: The subjective assessment of the image quality showed an almost perfect interrater agreement. The image quality of the small FOV datasets was rated significantly higher as compared to the large datasets for all patients and vessel segments (p < 0.05) with a tendency towards a higher effect in smaller vessels. The difference of the mean scores between the group with the large FOV and small FOV was 0.68 for the femoral level, 0.83 for the popliteal level, 1.12 for the crural level, and 1.08 for the pedal level. The objective image quality metric also demonstrated a significant improvement of image quality in the small FOV datasets. CONCLUSIONS: Side-separated reconstruction of each leg in CTA of the lower extremities using a small reconstruction FOV significantly improves image quality as compared to a standard reconstruction with a large FOV covering both legs. KEY POINTS: • In CT angiography of the lower legs, the side-separated reconstruction of each leg using a small field-of-views improves image quality as compared to a standard reconstruction covering both legs. • The side-separated reconstruction can be readily implemented at every commercially available CT scanner. • There is no need for additional hardware or software and no additional burden to the patient.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 24480, 2021 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34966169

RESUMO

Over the past years navigated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (nrTMS) had become increasingly important for the preoperative examination and mapping of eloquent brain areas. Among other applications it was demonstrated that the detection of neuropsychological function, such as arithmetic processing or face recognition, is feasible with nrTMS. In order to investigate the mapping of further brain functions, this study aims to investigate the cortical mapping of categorization function via nrTMS. 20 healthy volunteers purely right-handed, with German as mother tongue underwent nrTMS mapping using 5 Hz/10 pulses. 52 cortical spots spread over each hemisphere were stimulated. The task consisted of 80 pictures of living and non-living images, which the volunteers were instructed to categorize while the simulation pulses were applied. The highest error rates for all errors of all subjects were observed in the left hemisphere's posterior middle frontal gyrus (pMFG) with an error rate of 60%, as well as in the right pMFG and posterior supra marginal gyrus (pSMG) (45%). In total the task processing of non-living objects elicited more errors in total, than the recognition of living objects. nrTMS is able to detect cortical categorization function. Moreover, the observed bihemispheric representation, as well as the higher error incidence for the recognition of non-living objects is well in accordance with current literature. Clinical applicability for preoperative mapping in brain tumor patients but also in general neuroscience has to be evaluated as the next step.

4.
Front Oncol ; 11: 748691, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34966669

RESUMO

Objective: The exact role of the extent of resection or residual tumor volume on overall survival in glioblastoma patients is still controversial. Our aim was to create a statistical model showing the association between resection extent/residual tumor volume and overall survival and to provide a nomogram that can assess the survival benefit of individual patients and serve as a reference for non-randomized studies. Methods: In this retrospective multicenter cohort study, we used the non-parametric Cox regression and the parametric log-logistic accelerated failure time model in patients with glioblastoma. On 303 patients (training set), we developed a model to evaluate the effect of the extent of resection/residual tumor volume on overall survival and created a score to estimate individual overall survival. The stability of the model was validated by 20-fold cross-validation and predictive accuracy by an external cohort of 253 patients (validation set). Results: We found a continuous relationship between extent of resection or residual tumor volume and overall survival. Our final accelerated failure time model (pseudo R2 = 0.423; C-index = 0.749) included residual tumor volume, age, O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase methylation, therapy modality, resectability, and ventricular wall infiltration as independent predictors of overall survival. Based on these factors, we developed a nomogram for assessing the survival of individual patients that showed a median absolute predictive error of 2.78 (mean: 1.83) months, an improvement of about 40% compared with the most promising established models. Conclusions: A continuous relationship between residual tumor volume and overall survival supports the concept of maximum safe resection. Due to the low absolute predictive error and the consideration of uneven distributions of covariates, this model is suitable for clinical decision making and helps to evaluate the results of non-randomized studies.

5.
Eur Spine J ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741219

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In the surgical treatment of osteoporotic spine fractures, there is no clear recommendation, which treatment is best for the individual patient with vertebra plana and/or neurological deficit requiring instrumentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes after dorsal or 360° instrumentation of osteoporotic fractures of the thoracolumbar spine in a cohort of patients representing clinical reality. METHODS: A total of 116 consecutive patients were operated on between 2008 and 2020. Inclusion criteria were osteoporotic fracture, thoracolumbar location, and dorsal instrumentation. In 79 cases, vertebral body replacement (VBR) was performed additionally. Patient outcomes including complications, EQ-5D at follow-up, and sagittal correction were analyzed. RESULTS: Medical and surgical complications occurred in 59.5% of patients with 360° instrumentation compared to 64.9% of patients with dorsal instrumentation only (p = 0.684). Dorsal instrumentation plus VBR resulted in a sagittal correction of 9.3 ± 7.4° (0.1-31.6°) compared to 6.0 ± 5.6° (0.2-22.8°) after dorsal instrumentation only, respectively (p = 0.0065). EQ-5D was completed by 79 patients after 4.00 ± 2.88 years (0.1-11.8 years) and was 0.56 ± 0.32 (- 0.21-1.00) for VBR compared to 0.56 ± 0.34 (- 0.08-1.00) without VBR after dorsal instrumentation (p = 0.994). CONCLUSION: 360° instrumentation represents a legitimate surgical technique with no additional morbidity even for the elderly and multimorbid osteoporotic population. Particularly, if sufficient long-term construct stability is in doubt or ventral stenosis is present, there is no need to abstain from additional ventral reinforcement and decompression.

6.
Rofo ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês, Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794186

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Comparison of puncture deviation and puncture duration between computed tomography (CT)- and C-arm CT (CACT)-guided puncture performed by residents in training (RiT). METHODS: In a cohort of 25 RiTs enrolled in a research training program either CT- or CACT-guided puncture was performed on a phantom. Prior to the experiments, the RiT's level of training, experience playing a musical instrument, video games, and ball sports, and self-assessed manual skills and spatial skills were recorded. Each RiT performed two punctures. The first puncture was performed with a transaxial or single angulated needle path and the second with a single or double angulated needle path. Puncture deviation and puncture duration were compared between the procedures and were correlated with the self-assessments. RESULTS: RiTs in both the CT guidance and CACT guidance groups did not differ with respect to radiologic experience (p = 1), angiographic experience (p = 0.415), and number of ultrasound-guided puncture procedures (p = 0.483), CT-guided puncture procedures (p = 0.934), and CACT-guided puncture procedures (p = 0.466). The puncture duration was significantly longer with CT guidance (without navigation tool) than with CACT guidance with navigation software (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the puncture duration between the first and second puncture using CT guidance (p = 0.719). However, in the case of CACT, the second puncture was significantly faster (p = 0.006). Puncture deviations were not different between CT-guided and CACT-guided puncture (p = 0.337) and between the first and second puncture of CT-guided and CACT-guided puncture (CT: p = 0.130; CACT: p = 0.391). The self-assessment of manual skills did not correlate with puncture deviation (p = 0.059) and puncture duration (p = 0.158). The self-assessed spatial skills correlated positively with puncture deviation (p = 0.011) but not with puncture duration (p = 0.541). CONCLUSION: The RiTs achieved a puncture deviation that was clinically adequate with respect to their level of training and did not differ between CT-guided and CACT-guided puncture. The puncture duration was shorter when using CACT. CACT guidance with navigation software support has a potentially steeper learning curve. Spatial skills might accelerate the learning of image-guided puncture. KEY POINTS: · The CT-guided and CACT-guided puncture experience of the RiTs selected as part of the program "Researchers for the Future" of the German Roentgen Society was adequate with respect to the level of training.. · Despite the lower collective experience of the RiTs with CACT-guided puncture with navigation software assistance, the learning curve regarding CACT-guided puncture may be faster compared to the CT-guided puncture technique.. · If the needle path is complex, CACT guidance with navigation software assistance might have an advantage over CT guidance.. CITATION FORMAT: · Meine TC, Hinrichs JB, Werncke T et al. Phantom study for comparison between computed tomography- and C-Arm computed tomography-guided puncture applied by residents in radiology. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2021; DOI: 10.1055/a-1586-2733.

7.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 446, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781889

RESUMO

BACKROUND: Median overall survival (OS) after diagnosis of glioblastoma (GBM) remains 15 months amongst patients receiving aggressive surgical resection, chemotherapy and irradiation. Treatment of patients with a poor preoperative Karnofsky Performance Status Scale (KPSS) is still controversial. Therefore, we retrospectively assessed the outcome after surgical treatment in patients with a KPSS of ≤60%. METHODS: We retrospectively included patients with a de-novo glioblastoma WHO °IV and preoperative KPSS ≤60%, who underwent surgery at two neurosurgical centres between September 2006 and March 2016. We recorded pre- and postoperative tumour volume, pre- and postoperative KPSS, OS, age and MGMT promoter status. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-three patients (58 females/65 males, mean age 67.4 ± 13.4 years) met the inclusion criteria. Seventy-five of the 123 patients (61%) underwent surgical resection. 48/123 patients (39%) received a biopsy. The median preoperative and postoperative tumour volume of all patients was 33.0 ± 31.3 cm3 (IR 15.0-56.5cm3) and 3.1 ± 23.8 cm3 (IR 0.2-15.0 cm3), respectively. The median KPSS was 60% (range 20-60%) preoperatively and 50% (range 0-80%) postoperatively. Patients who received a biopsy showed a median OS for patients who received a biopsy only was 3.0 months (95% CI 2.0-4.0 months), compared to patients who had a resection and had a median OS of 8 months (95% CI 3.1-12.9 months). Age (p < 0.001, HR: 1.045 [95% CI 1.022-1.068]), postoperative tumour volume (p = 0.02, HR: 1.016 [95% CI 1.002-1.029]) and MGMT promotor status (p = 0.016, HR: 0.473 [95% CI 0.257-0.871]) were statistically significant in multivariate analysis. In subgroup analyses only age was shown as a significant prognostic factor in multivariate analyses for patients receiving surgery (p < 0.001, HR: 1.046 [95% CI 1.022-1.072]). In the biopsy group no significant prognostic factors were shown in multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: GBM patients with a preoperative KPSS of ≤60% might profit from surgical reduction of tumour burden.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioblastoma , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Glioblastoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20042, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625646

RESUMO

To evaluate mosaic perfusion patterns and vascular lesions in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) using C-Arm computed tomography (CACT) compared to computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA). We included 41 patients (18 female; mean age 59.9 ± 18.3 years) with confirmed CTEPH who underwent CACT and CTPA within 21 days (average 5.3 ± 5.2). Two readers (R1; R2) independently evaluated datasets from both imaging techniques for mosaic perfusion patterns and presence of CTEPH-typical vascular lesions. The number of pulmonary arterial segments with typical findings was evaluated and the percentage of affected segments was calculated and categorized: < 25%; 25-49%; 50-75%; < 75% of all pulmonary arterial segments affected by thromboembolic vascular lesions. Inter-observer agreement was calculated for both modalities using the intraclass-correlation-coefficient (ICC). Based on consensus reading the inter-modality agreement (CACTcons vs. CTPAcons) was calculated using the ICC. Inter-observer agreement was excellent for central vascular lesions (ICC > 0.87) and the percentage of affected segments (ICC > 0.76) and good for the perceptibility of mosaic perfusion (ICC > 0.6) and attribution of the pattern of mosaic perfusion (ICC > 0.6) for both readers on CACT and CTPA. Inter-modality agreement was excellent for the perceptibility of mosaic perfusion (ICC = 1), the present perfusion pattern (ICC = 1) and central vascular lesions (ICC = 1). However, inter-modality agreement for the percentage of affected segments was fair (ICC = 0.50), with a greater proportion of identified affected segments on CACTcons. CACT demonstrates a high agreement with CTPA regarding the detection of mosaic perfusion. CACT detects a higher number of peripheral vascular lesions compared to CTPA.

9.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 511, 2021 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620830

RESUMO

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with abnormal neural circuitry. It can be measured by assessing functional connectivity (FC) at resting-state functional MRI, that may help identifying neural markers of MDD and provide further efficient diagnosis and monitor treatment outcomes. The main aim of the present study is to investigate, in an unbiased way, functional alterations in patients with MDD using a large multi-center dataset from the PsyMRI consortium including 1546 participants from 19 centers ( www.psymri.com ). After applying strict exclusion criteria, the final sample consisted of 606 MDD patients (age: 35.8 ± 11.9 y.o.; females: 60.7%) and 476 healthy participants (age: 33.3 ± 11.0 y.o.; females: 56.7%). We found significant relative hypoconnectivity within somatosensory motor (SMN), salience (SN) networks and between SMN, SN, dorsal attention (DAN), and visual (VN) networks in MDD patients. No significant differences were detected within the default mode (DMN) and frontoparietal networks (FPN). In addition, alterations in network organization were observed in terms of significantly lower network segregation of SMN in MDD patients. Although medicated patients showed significantly lower FC within DMN, FPN, and SN than unmedicated patients, there were no differences between medicated and unmedicated groups in terms of network organization in SMN. We conclude that the network organization of cortical networks, involved in processing of sensory information, might be a more stable neuroimaging marker for MDD than previously assumed alterations in higher-order neural networks like DMN and FPN.


Assuntos
Conectoma , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vias Neurais/diagnóstico por imagem , Descanso , Adulto Jovem
10.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 21(6): 467-477, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCM) may cause cavernoma-related epilepsy (CRE) and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Functional mapping has shown its usefulness during the resection of eloquent lesions including the treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of noninvasive functional mapping on decision-making and resection of eloquently located CCM. METHODS: Of 126 patients with intracranial cavernomas, we prospectively included 40 consecutive patients (31.7%) with highly eloquent CCM between 2012 and 2020. We performed functional mapping via navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) motor mapping in 30 cases and nTMS language mapping in 20 cases. Twenty patients suffered from CRE. CCM caused ICH in 18 cases. RESULTS: We used functional mapping data including function-based tractography in all cases. Indication toward (31 cases) or against (9 cases) CCM resection was influenced by noninvasive functional mapping in 36 cases (90%). We resected CCMs in 24 cases, and 7 patients refused the recommendation for surgery. In 19 and 4 cases, we used additional intraoperative neuromonitoring and awake craniotomy, respectively. Patients suffered from transient postoperative motor or language deficits in 2 and 2 cases, respectively. No patient suffered from permanent deficits. After 1 yr of follow-up, anti-epileptic drugs could be discontinued in all patients who underwent surgery but 1 patient. CONCLUSION: Surgery-related deficit rates are low even for highly eloquent CCM and seizure outcome is excellent. The present results show that noninvasive functional mapping and function-based tractography is a useful tool for the decision-making process and during microsurgical resection of eloquently located CCM.

11.
Med Phys ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651705

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The first purpose of this phantom study was to verify whether a contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR)-driven exposure control (CEC) can maintain target CNR in angiography more precisely compared to a conventional detector dose-driven exposure control (DEC). The second purpose was to estimate the difference between incident air kerma produced by CEC and DEC when both exposure controls reach the same CNR. METHODS: A standardized 3D-printed phantom with an iron foil and a cavity, filled with iodinated contrast material, was developed to measure CNR using different image acquisition settings. This phantom was placed into a stack of polymethylmethacrylate and aluminum plates, simulating a patient equivalent thickness (PET) of 2.5-40 cm. Images were acquired using fluoroscopy and digital radiography modes with CEC using one image quality level and four image quality gradients and DEC having three different detector dose levels. The spatial frequency weighted CNR and incident air kerma were determined. The differences in incident air kerma between DEC and CEC were estimated. RESULTS: When using DEC, CNR decreased continuously with increasing attenuation, while CEC within physical limits maintained a predefined CNR level. Furthermore, CEC could be parameterized to deliver the CNR as a predefined function of PET. To provide a given CNR level, CEC used equal or lower air kerma than DEC. The mean estimated incident air kerma of CEC compared to DEC was between 3% (PET 20 cm) and 40% (PET 27.5 cm) lower in fluoroscopy and between 1% (PET 20 cm) and 55% (PET 2.5 cm) lower in digital radiography while maintaining CNR. CONCLUSION: Within physical and legislative limits, the CEC allows for a flexible adjustment of the CNR as a function of PET. Thus, the CEC enables task-dependent examination protocols with predefined image quality in order to easier achieve the as low as reasonably achievable principle. CEC required equal or lower incident air kerma than DEC to provide similar CNR, which allows for a substantial reduction of skin radiation dose in these situations.

12.
Neurosurg Focus ; 51(4): E2, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ankylosing spinal disorders (ASDs) such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) are complex diseases regarding diagnostics, treatment, and patient outcome, especially in trauma. Originating from rigid biomechanics and low bone quality in considerably comorbid patients, serious spinal injury requires thorough and immediate imaging and is frequently missed. The aim of this study was to evaluate patient characteristics as well as procedures in patients with ASD in order to identify the major particularities of treatment. METHODS: A total of 60 patients aged 78.5 ± 8.9 years were retrospectively included. Preoperative imaging as well as surgical treatment procedures and postoperative patient outcome were analyzed, including 30-day readmissions. RESULTS: CT imaging of the entire spine was performed within 24 hours after the initial trauma in 73.3% of patients. A delay in diagnostics (> 24 hours) occurred in 41.7% of patients transferred from primary care centers. At admission, 25.0% of patients had fracture-related neurological deficits (American Spinal Injury Association [ASIA] grades A and B in 4 patients, and ASIA grades C and D in 11 patients). A spinal epidural hematoma was found in 21.2% of patients and was symptomatic in 72.7% of those patients. Of the patients with fracture-related neurological deficits, 93.3% were operated on within 48 hours from symptom onset. One patient (1.7%) developed neurological deficits from diagnosis to surgery. Postoperatively, 18.3% of patients had surgical complications, and 76.7% of patients developed further medical issues, with pneumonia (38.3%), pulmonary decompensation (25.0%), and cardiac decompensation (20.0%) being the leading causes. The 30-day mortality rate was high at 10.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of patients with ASDs is complex. While surgical outcome is usually good, the multimorbid nature of these patients results in a high rate of major medical complications. If an ankylosing disease is suspected, MRI of the entire spine is mandatory. Upon diagnosis, treatment should be performed in centers capable of managing all aspects of the regular complications these patients will develop.


Assuntos
Hiperostose Esquelética Difusa Idiopática , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Espondilite Anquilosante , Humanos , Hiperostose Esquelética Difusa Idiopática/complicações , Hiperostose Esquelética Difusa Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperostose Esquelética Difusa Idiopática/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Coluna Vertebral , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico por imagem , Espondilite Anquilosante/cirurgia
15.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 29(1_suppl): 23094990211012865, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711079

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Computer-assisted navigation (CAN) is a well-established tool in spinal instrumentation surgery. Different techniques - each with specific advantages and disadvantages - are used in the cervical spine. METHODS: A structured summary of different spinal navigation techniques and a review of the literature were done to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of specific navigation tools in the cervical spine. RESULTS: In cervical spine surgery, CAN increases the accuracy of pedicle screw placement, reduces screw mispositioning and leads to fewer revision surgeries. Due to the mobility of the cervical spine, preoperative CT followed by region matching or intraoperative CT are recommended. CONCLUSIONS: CAN increases pedicle screw placement accuracy and should be used in spinal instrumentation for the cervical spine whenever possible.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Fusão Vertebral , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Humanos , Reoperação , Coluna Vertebral
16.
Curr Oncol ; 28(5): 3891-3899, 2021 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34677250

RESUMO

Manifestation of malignant lymphoma in the spine is rare; there have only been a few cases reported in the literature. Due to its rarity, there is no gold standard for the management of patients suffering from spinal lymphoma manifestations. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data for 37 patients (14 female, 23 male) with malignant lymphoma in the spine receiving intervention in our center from March 2006 until June 2020. Neurological impairment, pain, diagnostics, and/or surgical instability were the criteria for surgery in this patient cohort. Otherwise, only CT-guided biopsies were conducted. Analysis of the patient cohort was based on the Karnofsky performance status scale (KPSS), location of the lesion, spinal levels involved, spinal instability neoplastic score (SINS), surgical treatment, histopathological workup, adjuvant therapy, and overall survival. The following surgical procedures were performed: posterior stabilization and decompression in nine patients; decompression and/or tumor debulking in 18 patients; a two-staged procedure with dorsal stabilization and vertebral body replacement in four patients; decompression and biopsy in one patient; a two-stage procedure with kyphoplasty and posterior stabilization for one patient; posterior stabilization without decompression for one patient; a vertebroplasty and cement-augmented posterior stabilization for one patient; and a CT-guided biopsy alone for two patients. Twenty-one patients (56.78%) had ≥1 lesion in the thoracic spine, 10 patients (27.03%) had lesions in the lumbar spine, two patients had lesions in the cervicothoracic junction, two patients had lesions in the thoracolumbar junction, one patient had a lesion in the lumbosacral junction, and one patient had a lesion in the sacrum. The diagnoses of the histopathological workup were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in 23 (62.16%) cases, indolent lymphoma in 11 (29.74%) cases, anaplastic T-cell lymphoma in one case (2.70%), T-cell lymphoma in one case (2.70%), and Burkitt lymphoma in one (2.70%) case. The median overall survival was 7.2 months (range 0.1-266.7 months). Pre- and postoperative KPSS scores were 70% (IQR 60-80%). Manifestation of malignant lymphomas in the spine is rare. Similar to the approach taken for spine metastases, a surgical intervention in cases of neurological impairment or manifest or potential instability is indicated, followed by chemoimmunotherapy and radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Linfoma , Vértebras Torácicas , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/terapia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Hepatol Commun ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585537

RESUMO

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is an effective treatment for portal hypertension-related complications. However, careful selection of patients is crucial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of serum cholinesterase (CHE) for outcomes and mortality after TIPS insertion. In this multicenter study, 389 consecutive patients with cirrhosis receiving a TIPS at Hannover Medical School, University Hospital Essen, or Medical University of Vienna were included. The Hannover cohort (n = 200) was used to initially explore the role of CHE, whereas patients from Essen and Vienna served as a validation cohort (n = 189). Median age of the patients was 58 years and median Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score was 12. Multivariable analysis identified MELD score (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.16; P < 0.001) and CHE (HR: 0.61; P = 0.008) as independent predictors for 1-year survival. Using the Youden Index, a CHE of 2.5 kU/L was identified as optimal threshold to predict post-TIPS survival in the Hannover cohort (P < 0.001), which was confirmed in the validation cohort (P = 0.010). CHE < 2.5 kU/L was significantly associated with development of acute-on-chronic liver failure (P < 0.001) and hepatic encephalopathy (P = 0.006). Of note, CHE was also significantly linked to mortality in the subgroup of patients with refractory ascites (P = 0.001) as well as in patients with high MELD scores (P = 0.012) and with high-risk FIPS scores (P = 0.004). After propensity score matching, mortality was similar in patients with ascites and CHE < 2.5 kU/L if treated by TIPS or by paracentesis. Contrarily, in patients with CHE ≥ 2.5 kU/L survival was significantly improved by TIPS as compared to treatment with paracentesis (P < 0.001). Conclusion: CHE is significantly associated with mortality and complications after TIPS insertion. Therefore, we suggest that CHE should be evaluated as an additional parameter for selecting patients for TIPS implantation.

18.
World Neurosurg ; 155: e805-e813, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resection of pure intraorbital tumors is challenging owing to the nearness of the optic apparatus. The objective of this article was to report our experience with different intraorbital tumors and discuss classic approaches and obstacles. METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients who underwent surgery for intraorbital tumors at a tertiary neurosurgical center between June 2007 and January 2020 was performed. RESULTS: The study included 34 patients (median age 58 years; range, 18-87 years; 55.9% [19/34] female, 44.1% [15/34] male). Preoperative proptosis was observed in 67.6% (23/34); visual impairment, in 52.9% (18/34); diplopia, in 41.2% (14/34); and ptosis, in 38.3% (13/34). Intraconal tumors were found in 58.8% (20/34). The most common lesions were cavernous hemangiomas in 26.5% (9/34) and metastases in 14.7% (5/34). Gross total resection rate was 73.5% (25/34). Planned biopsy was performed in 14.7% (5/34). Median follow-up time was 15.5 months (interquartile range: 0-113 months). Surgical approaches included supraorbital approach (23.5% [8/34]), pterional approach (52.9% [18/34]), lateral orbitotomy (14.7% [5/34]), transnasal approach (5.9% [2/34]), and combined transnasal approach/lateral orbitotomy (2.9% [1/34]). Excluding planned biopsies, gross total resection was achieved in 80.0% (12/15) with pterional approach, 100% (7/7) with supraorbital approach, 80.0% (4/5) with lateral orbitotomy, and 100% (1/1) with transnasal approach/lateral orbitotomy. Complication rate requiring surgical intervention was 11.8% (4/34). CONCLUSIONS: Considering the low operative morbidity and satisfactory functional outcome, gross total resection of intraorbital lesions is feasible. We support use of classic transcranial and transorbital approaches. More invasive and complicated approaches were not needed in our series.

19.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545507

RESUMO

Transsphenoidal surgery provides a minimal invasive treatment for pituitary adenoma. Our aim is to evaluate the endocrinological outcomes after adenoma resection focusing on the corticotroph function, and to identify prognostic factors for an impaired hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis function (HPA) and the reliability of postoperative early morning serum cortisol measurements. We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients treated for pituitary adenoma from April 2006 to January 2019 in our neurosurgical department. Pituitary function was assessed pre- and postoperatively as well as at 6 weeks to 12 weeks and at 1-year follow-up. Two hundred eleven patients were included. Nine percent of the patients recovered from a preoperative adrenal insufficiency, 10.4% developed a new need for hormone substitution, and a long-term deficiency of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis was observed in 30.9%. Cortisol measurements 5 days after surgery had a lower area under the curve (AUC) than cortisol levels detected after 6 to 12 weeks (AUC 0.740 vs. AUC 0.808) in predicting an intact corticotrope function. The cut-off value determined for cortisol measured after 6 weeks was 6.95 µg/dl (sensitivity of 94%, specificity of 68%). Postoperative early morning cortisol levels seem to be less sensitive and specific in predicting long-term corticotroph function than measurements after 6 weeks and 1 year, emphasizing the importance of endocrine follow-up testing.

20.
Eur Spine J ; 30(12): 3720-3730, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519911

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Multiple solutions for navigation-guided pedicle screw placement are available. However, the efficiency with regard to clinical and resource implications has not yet been analyzed. The present study's aim was to analyze whether an operating room sliding gantry CT (ORCT)-based approach for spinal instrumentation is more efficient than a mobile cone-beam CT (CBCT)-based approach. METHODS: This cohort study included a random sample of 853 patients who underwent spinal instrumentation using ORCT-based or CBCT-based pedicle screw placement due to tumor, degenerative, trauma, infection, or deformity disorders between November 2015 and January 2020. RESULTS: More screws had to be revised intraoperatively in the CBCT group due to insufficient placement (ORCT: 98, 2.8% vs. CBCT: 128, 4.0%; p = 0.0081). The mean time of patients inside the OR (Interval 5 Entry-Exit) was significantly shorter for the ORCT group (ORCT: mean, [95% CI] 256.0, [247.8, 264.3] min, CBCT: 283.0, [274.4, 291.5] min; p < 0.0001) based on shorter times for Interval 2 Positioning-Incision (ORCT: 18.8, [18.1, 19.9] min, CBCT: 33.6, [32.2, 35.5] min; p < 0.0001) and Interval 4 Suture-Exit (ORCT: 24.3, [23.6, 26.1] min, CBCT: 29.3, [27.5, 30.7] min; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The choice of imaging technology for navigated pedicle screw placement has significant impact on standard spine procedures even in a high-volume spine center with daily routine in such devices. Particularly with regard to the duration of surgeries, the shorter time needed for preparation and de-positioning in the ORCT group made the main difference, while the accuracy was even higher for the ORCT.

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