Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 173
Filtrar
1.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-7, 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The sitting or semisitting position in neurosurgery allows for several technical advantages, including improved visualization of the surgical field. However, it has also been associated with an increased risk of venous air embolisms and positioning-related complications that limit its commonplace adoption. The authors report a large, single-center series of cervical spine procedures performed with patients in the sitting or prone position in order to assess the perceived risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications associated with the sitting position. METHODS: Noninstrumented, single-level posterior cervical spine procedures performed with patients in the sitting/semisitting or prone position from 2000 to 2016 at a single institution were reviewed. Institutional abstraction tools (DataMart and Chart Plus) were used to collect data from the medical records. The two positions were compared with regard to preoperative factors, intraoperative variables, and postoperative outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression models were fitted for 30-day readmission, 30-day return to the operating room, and complication rates. RESULTS: A total of 750 patients (sitting, n = 480; prone, n = 270) were analyzed. The median age was 53 years for those who underwent surgery in the prone position and 50 years for those who underwent surgery in the sitting position (IQRs 45-62 years and 43-60 years, respectively), and 35% of the patients were female. Sitting cases were associated with significantly longer anesthetic times (221 minutes [range 199-252 minutes] vs 205 minutes [range 179-254 minutes]) and operative times (126 minutes [range 101-163 minutes] vs 149 minutes [120-181 minutes]). Cardiorespiratory events in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) were comparable between the two groups, with the exception of episodes of apnea (2.6% vs 0.6%, p = 0.041) and hypoventilation (4.4% vs 0.8%, p < 0.003), which were more frequent in the prone-position cohort. On multivariable analysis, the effect of the sitting versus the prone position was not significant for 30-day readmission (OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.34-1.71, p = 0.52) or reoperation (OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.31-1.60, p = 0.40). The sitting position was associated with lower odds of developing any complication (OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.16-0.62, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the intraoperative and postoperative complications chosen in this study, the sitting position confers a similar safety profile to the prone position. This can be explained by a more anatomic positioning accounting for reduced temporary neurological deficits and reduced PACU-associated hypoventilation noted in this series. Nevertheless, the findings may also reflect institutional familiarity, experience, and mastery of this position type, and outcomes may not reflect practices in general.

2.
J Clin Neurosci ; 2020 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507710

RESUMO

Spinal solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma (SFT/HPC) is a rare mesenchymal malignancy. Radiographically, SFT/HPCs have a mutable appearance, with irregular borders, heterogeneous contrast enhancement, and variable but frequently hypointense T2 signal. We report a series of 5 neurosurgically managed spinal SFT/HPCs treated at our institution, with particular attention to 3 lesions demonstrating marked T2-hypointensity and differential diagnosis for the unusual finding of a "T2 dark" spinal lesion. Retrospective chart review of prospectively maintained surgical database, queried by diagnosis and site codes, 2002-2017. Retrospective radiographic review, with initial screening via keyword search of MR reports for "T2" and "hypointense." Four primary and one metastatic spinal SFT/HPCs were operatively treated during the study period (median follow-up 12 months; range 10-92). Three demonstrated marked T2 hypointensity on preoperative MRI, underwent primary resection-GTR in two, STR in one-and have remained progression-free on routine postoperative surveillance. Two patients with isointense lesions recurred within the follow-up period. Radiographic review identified a host of predominantly rare T2-hypointense lesions, including arteriovenous malformation, disk fragmentations, calcific arachnoiditis, calcifying pseudoneoplasm of the neuraxis, cavernoma, cord hemorrhage/acute blood, desmoid, granulocytic sarcoma, pigmented villonodular synovitis, Edheim-Chester, extramedullary hematopoiesis, IgG4-negative inflammatory pseudotumor, idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis, B-cell lymphoma, primary melanoma neoplasm, melanotic schwannoma, meningioma, opacification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, osteoblastoma, osteochondroma, osteosarcoma, and synovial cyst. T2 hypointensity is associated with SFT/HPC, and may be an indicator relative indolence. "Dark" T2 spinal lesions are rare, with a narrow differential populated predominantly by rare entities.

4.
World Neurosurg ; 2020 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Departments of neurosurgery in the United States have had a long history of hosting international visitors for the advancement of their neurosurgical education. The goal of the present study was to determine the existence of a geographic profile of international visitors for education purposes, both students and graduates, to the United States through the anecdotal experience of 1 department to explore the reach and worth of hosting such opportunities. METHODS: Administrative records were retrospectively reviewed for international visitors over the preceding 10 years, 2009-2019, were surveyed at 1 institution. Visitors were grouped as either medical students or graduates, visiting for clinical or research purposes. Geographic trends were compared using the Pearson chi-squared test. RESULTS: We identified 128 visitors from 33 countries during the study period. The most common home countries were Italy (10%), China (9%), and India (7%). The cohort involved 62 (48%) students and 66 (52%) graduates, and 59 (46%) and 69 (54%) visited for clinical and research purposes, respectively. The geographic distribution of student versus graduate visitors was statistically significant by region (P < 0.01). However, the geographic distribution of clinical versus research visitors was not statistically different by region (P = 0.62). CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be international appeal worldwide to participate in neurosurgical education in the United States. At our institution, every geographic region was represented in our most recent decade of experience. International visitor profiles appear to be associated with particular geographic patterns depending on their status as either a medical student or graduate.

5.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-7, 2020 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32244213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a rare, autosomal-dominant tumor disorder characterized by the development of pituitary tumors and other endocrine neoplasms. Diagnosis is made clinically based on the development of 2 or more canonical lesions (parathyroid gland, anterior pituitary, and enteropancreatic tumors) or in family members of a patient with a clinical diagnosis of MEN1 and the occurrence of one of the MEN1-associated tumors. The goal of this study was to characterize pituitary tumors arising in the setting of MEN1 at a single institution. The probability of tumor progression and the likelihood of surgical intervention in patients with asymptomatic nonfunctional pituitary adenomas were also analyzed. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained institutional database was performed for patients with MEN1 diagnosed from 1970 to 2017. Data included patient demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment strategies, and outcomes. RESULTS: A review of the database identified 268 patients diagnosed with MEN1, of whom 158 (59%) were female. Among the 268 patients, 139 (51.8%) had pituitary adenomas. There was a higher prevalence in women than in men (65% vs 35%, p < 0.005). Functional adenomas (57%) were more common. Prolactin-secreting adenomas were the most common functional tumors. Macroadenomas were seen in 27% of patients and were more likely to be symptomatic and locally aggressive (p < 0.001). Forty-nine patients (35%) underwent transsphenoidal resection at some point during their disease course. In 52 patients who were initially observed with MEN1 asymptomatic nonfunctional adenomas, only 5 (10%) progressed to need surgery. In MEN1 patients, an initial parathyroid lesion is most likely followed in order by pituitary, pancreatic, adrenal, and, finally, rare carcinoid tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic nonfunctional pituitary adenomas in patients with MEN1 may be followed safely with MRI. In this series, parathyroid tumors developed at the lowest median age of all cardinal tumors, and development of additional cardinal MEN1 lesions followed a predictable pattern. This pattern of disease progression could have significant implications for disease surveillance in clinical practice and may help to target clinical resources to the lesions most likely to develop next. This may aid with early detection and treatment and warrants further study.

6.
Neurosurgery ; 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32140720

RESUMO

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses in the neurosurgical literature have surged in popularity over the last decade. It is our concern that, without a renewed effort to critically interpret and appraise these studies as high or low quality, we run the risk of the quality and value of evidence-based medicine in neurosurgery being misinterpreted. Correspondingly, we have outlined 4 major domains to target in interpreting neurosurgical systematic reviews and meta-analyses based on the lessons learned by a collaboration of clinicians and academics summarized as 4 pearls. The domains of (1) heterogeneity, (2) modeling, (3) certainty, and (4) bias in neurosurgical systematic reviews and meta-analyses were identified as aspects in which the authors' approaches have changed over time to improve robustness and transparency. Examples of how and why these pearls were adapted were provided in areas of cranial neuralgia, spine, pediatric, and neuro-oncology to demonstrate how neurosurgical readers and writers may improve their interpretation of these domains. The incorporation of these pearls into practice will empower neurosurgical academics to effectively interpret systematic reviews and meta-analyses, enhancing the quality of our evidence-based medicine literature while maintaining a critical focus on the needs of the individual patients in neurosurgery.

7.
World Neurosurg ; 138: e698-e704, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ventriculopleural shunting (VPLS) is recognized as an alternative method when the standard ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) is not applicable. Nevertheless, there is limited clinical evidence of its effectiveness including long-term patency. METHODS: Data on 35 consecutive patients who underwent VPLS at a single institution were retrospectively analyzed. The rates of shunt survival and incidence of symptomatic pleural effusion were calculated, and risk factors were evaluated. RESULTS: Mean follow-up after VPLS was 64.1 months. The cumulative overall shunt survival rates were 70%, 44%, and 28% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Among patients with shunt failure, 3 (8.6%) with overdrainage underwent simple valve replacement (from fixed to programmable valve) and retained a VPLS. If these patients are excluded, shunt survival rates were 76%, 51%, and 34% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively, and the median shunt survival time was 3.0 years. No factor was significantly associated with shunt survival. Cumulative rates of symptomatic pleural effusion were 18%, 23%, and 46% at 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively. Median time from VPLS placement to symptomatic pleural effusion was 1.1 years. CONCLUSIONS: It seems that VPLS survival has improved with more modern shunt technology. VPLS is a reasonable second-line option when VPS is not feasible. The possibility of pleural effusion is not negligible, but asymptomatic/mild effusions may be managed conservatively.

8.
Invest Radiol ; 55(4): 200-208, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a whole-brain analysis of alterations in brain mechanical properties due to normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) examinations were performed on 85 participants, including 44 cognitively unimpaired controls, 33 with NPH, and 8 who were amyloid-positive with Alzheimer clinical syndrome. A custom neural network inversion was used to estimate stiffness and damping ratio from patches of displacement data, accounting for edges by training the network to estimate the mechanical properties in the presence of missing data. This learned inversion was first compared with a standard analytical approach in simulation experiments and then applied to the in vivo MRE measurements. The effect of NPH on the mechanical properties was then assessed by voxel-wise modeling of the stiffness and damping ratio maps. Finally, a pattern analysis was performed on each individual's mechanical property maps by computing the correlation between each person's maps with the expected NPH effect. These features were used to fit a classifier and assess diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS: The voxel-wise analysis of the in vivo mechanical property maps revealed a unique pattern in participants with NPH, including a concentric pattern of stiffening near the dural surface and softening near the ventricles, as well as decreased damping ratio predominantly in superior regions of the white matter (family-wise error corrected P < 0.05 at cluster level). The pattern of viscoelastic changes in each participant predicted NPH status in this cohort, separating participants with NPH from the control and the amyloid-positive with Alzheimer clinical syndrome groups, with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.999 and 1, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides motivation for further development of the neural network inversion framework and demonstrates the potential of MRE as a novel tool to diagnose NPH and provide a window into its pathogenesis.

10.
World Neurosurg ; 137: e383-e388, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032791

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery residency in the United States is highly sought after by many international medical graduates (IMGs), and the geographic distribution of IMG candidates who have successfully matched has not been quantitatively explored to date. The aim of this study was to highlight the countries in which successfully matched IMG residents obtained their medical degrees and the states of their respective residency destinations. METHODS: All available resident lists of approved neurosurgical residency programs within the United States with at least 7 years of history were reviewed for IMGs in the most currently updated rosters. Demographic and geographic characteristics were summarized. RESULTS: A total of 1393 current neurosurgical residents in U.S. residency programs were identified from 99 programs across 39 states. Of 1393 residents, 87 were IMGs (6%). The IMG contingent originated from 39 countries, the most common of which was Lebanon (n = 14/87 [16%]). The Middle East was the most represented geographic region (n = 23/87 [26%]). The states with the highest number of IMGs were Kentucky, New York, and Texas (all n = 7/87 [8%]). CONCLUSIONS: IMGs constitute a small but appreciable portion of current neurosurgical residents in U.S. training programs. Particular countries have contributed more IMGs to neurosurgical programs than others, and particular states have higher counts and proportions of IMG residents than others. These outcomes are not geographically homogeneous, and the mechanisms by which IMG applicants successfully match to U.S. neurosurgery programs require more biographic granularity to elucidate.

11.
Brain Tumor Pathol ; 37(1): 22-30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630277

RESUMO

Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) are typically intraparenchymal. A subset of PCNSLs predominantly arises in the ventricles, with minimal parenchymal involvement. We review the clinical, radiological, and pathological features of ventricle-predominant PCNSLs (VP-PCNSLs) in 40 previously reported cases and report 5 additional cases. Including all cases of VP-PCNSLs (n = 45), 38% were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL), 11% were Burkitt lymphomas, 7% were MALT lymphomas, 4% were T-cell lymphomas, and 40% were lymphomas, not otherwise classified. VP-PCNSLs show rapid clinical progression. Patients present at a median age of 60.5 years. Unique clinical and radiological features distinguish them from other intraventricular tumors, including advanced age, edema, multifocality, hyperdensity, early and avid post-contrast enhancement, restricted diffusion, and positron emission tomography (PET) hypermetabolism. Including our cases, which were all DLBCL, and all previously reported DLBCL cases (n = 10), 8 of 10 show germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) phenotype, contrasting the high prevalence of non-germinal center B-cell-like (non-GCB) phenotype of parenchymal DLBCL PCNSLs. MYD88 L265P mutation was detected in three of our five cases. Ventricle-predominant PCNSLs are clinically and radiologically distinct, and the DLBCLs may be pathologically distinct. Further recognition of this entity may help to evaluate the role of therapies, possibly including surgical resection.

12.
Neurosurg Rev ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845199

RESUMO

Post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is a potentially morbid sequela of decompressive craniectomy for traumatic brain injury (TBI). Subdural hygromas are commonly identified following decompressive craniectomy, but the clinical relevance and predictive relationship with PTH in this patient cohort is not completely understood. Survey of seven electronic databases from inception to June 2019 was conducted following PRISMA guidelines. Articles were screened against pre-specified criteria. Multivariate hazard ratios (HRs) for PTH by the presence of subdural hygroma were extracted and pooled by meta-analysis of proportions with random effects modeling. We systematically identified nine pertinent studies describing outcomes of 1010 TBI patients managed by decompressive craniectomy. Of the overall cohort, there were 211 (21%) females and median age was 37.5 years (range 33-53). On presentation, median Glasgow Coma Scale was 7 (range, 5-8). In sum, PTH was reported in 228/840 (27%) cases, and subdural hygroma was reported in 449/1010 (44%) cases across all studies. Pooling multivariate-derived HRs indicated that subdural hygroma was a significant, independent predictor of PTH (HR, 7.1; 95% CI, 3.3-15.1). The certainty of this association was deemed low due to heterogeneity concerns. The presence of subdural hygroma is associated with increased risk of PTH after decompressive craniectomy among TBI patients based on the current literature and may mandate closer clinical surveillance when detected. Prospective studies, including those of intracranial hydrodynamics following decompressive craniectomy in the setting of TBI, will better validate the certainty of these findings.

13.
J Neurosurg Pediatr ; : 1-8, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604323

RESUMO

Pediatric pituitary adenomas (PPAs) are rare neoplasms with a propensity for unusual presentations and an aggressive clinical course. Here, the authors describe 6 highly atypical PPAs to highlight this tendency and discuss unexpected management challenges.A 14-year-old girl presented with acute hemiparesis and aphasia. MRI revealed a pituitary macroadenoma causing internal carotid artery invasion/obliteration without acute apoplexy, which was treated via emergent transsphenoidal resection (TSR). Another 14-year-old girl developed precocious galactorrhea due to macroprolactinoma, which was medically managed. Several years later, she re-presented with acute, severe, bitemporal hemianopia during her third trimester of pregnancy, requiring emergent induction of labor followed by TSR. A 13-year-old boy was incidentally diagnosed with a prolactinoma after routine orthodontic radiographs captured a subtly abnormal sella. An 18-year-old male self-diagnosed pituitary gigantism through a school report on pituitary disease. A 17-year-old boy was diagnosed with Cushing disease by his basketball coach, a former endocrinologist. A 12-year-old girl with growth arrest and weight gain was diagnosed with Cushing disease, which was initially treated via TSR but subsequently recurred and ultimately required 12 operations, 5 radiation treatments involving 3 modalities, bilateral adrenalectomy, and chemotherapy. Despite these efforts, she ultimately died from pituitary carcinoma.

15.
World Neurosurg ; 131: e128-e135, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) has gained popularity as an alternative to microsurgery (MS) for transsphenoidal resection (TSR), numerous studies have attempted to assess the differential risk of internal carotid artery (ICA) injury between the techniques, yet results have been equivocal and contradictory. The aim of this study was to evaluate ICA injury in MS versus EEA among highly experienced neurosurgeons. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review of publications from 2002-2017 reporting ICA injury outcomes in ≥250 cases using MS or EEA. RESULTS: Seventeen series reporting 11,149 patients were included: 3 MS series, 13 EEA series, and 1 series with adequate samples for each. ICA injury incidences were 0.0%-1.6% in cohorts of 275-3000. MS series documented 5 ICA injuries in 2672 operations, for an overall incidence of 0.2% (range, 0.0%-0.4%), and EEA series reported 30 ICA injuries in 8477 operations, for a 0.4% injury rate (range, 0.0%-1.6%); the difference was nonsignificant (P = 0.25). Increased operative experience was associated with decreased incidence of ICA injury, a finding preserved in the overall study cohort and within discretely examined MS and EEA subgroups (overall r2 = 0.08, MS r2 = 0.23, EEA r2 = 0.07). CONCLUSIONS: ICA injury is the most serious complication of TSR of pituitary neoplasms. Operator inexperience may be a more important risk factor than choice of surgical technique, given the comparably low rates of injury obtained by highly experienced surgeons independent of technique. This emphasizes the need for consolidated care in pituitary centers of excellence, improvement of high-fidelity simulators, and skull base mentorship between senior and junior staff.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , Artéria Carótida Interna , Microcirurgia/efeitos adversos , Neuroendoscopia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Curva de Aprendizado , Cavidade Nasal , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos
16.
Neuro Oncol ; 21(11): 1458-1469, 2019 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) represents an aggressive cancer type with a median survival of only 14 months. With fewer than 5% of patients surviving 5 years, comprehensive profiling of these rare patients could elucidate prognostic biomarkers that may confer better patient outcomes. We utilized multiple molecular approaches to characterize the largest patient cohort of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-wildtype GBM long-term survivors (LTS) to date. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on 49 archived formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tumor specimens from patients diagnosed with GBM at the Mayo Clinic between December 1995 and September 2013. These patient samples were subdivided into 2 groups based on survival (12 LTS, 37 short-term survivors [STS]) and subsequently examined by mutation sequencing, copy number analysis, methylation profiling, and gene expression. RESULTS: Of the 49 patients analyzed in this study, LTS were younger at diagnosis (P = 0.016), more likely to be female (P = 0.048), and MGMT promoter methylated (UniD, P = 0.01). IDH-wildtype STS and LTS demonstrated classic GBM mutations and copy number changes. Pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes showed LTS enrichment for sphingomyelin metabolism, which has been linked to decreased GBM growth, invasion, and angiogenesis. STS were enriched for DNA repair and cell cycle control networks. CONCLUSIONS: While our findings largely report remarkable similarity between these LTS and more typical STS, unique attributes were observed in regard to altered gene expression and pathway enrichment. These attributes may be valuable prognostic markers and are worth further examination. Importantly, this study also underscores the limitations of existing biomarkers and classification methods in predicting patient prognosis.

17.
World Neurosurg ; 129: e686-e694, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31181361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: First-line treatment for prolactin-producing pituitary adenomas is dopamine agonist (DA) therapy. This is the first study to analyze the rate of radiographic and hormonal regression of prolactinomas in response to DA therapy to better understand what time frame we consider DA treatment failure. METHODS: We searched the electronic medical records of 3 tertiary care medical institutions for patients with prolactinomas. The primary outcome was tumor volume and prolactin (PRL) levels at various time points. The secondary outcome was indicators of treatment failure. Modeling by both linear and exponential models was tested to determine potential predictors of response magnitude and treatment failure by multivariate and regression analyses respectively. RESULTS: There were 99 patients (53% male) included in this analysis. The mean patient age was 42.7 years ± 14.5, and mean width/volume of tumor at diagnosis was 12.3 mm and 1.3 cm3, respectively. The mean PRL level at diagnosis was 593.2 ng/mL (79-7913). Modeling indicated a plateau at 68.2% initial volume (95% confidence interval 61.7-73.5) by 12.6 months and a PRL plateau of 21.4 ng/mL (95% confidence interval 0-92.5) by 3.3 months. Multivariate analyses revealed male sex (odds ratio 0.168; P = 0.036) to be a predictor of faster PRL response to DA therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Prolactinomas plateau in PRL levels and the rate of size regression within the first year of DA treatment. Prolactinomas with lack of size regression and failure to reach normalization of PRL levels by 12 months may be considered for other management strategies.


Assuntos
Bromocriptina/uso terapêutico , Cabergolina/uso terapêutico , Agonistas de Dopamina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/tratamento farmacológico , Prolactina/sangue , Prolactinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/sangue , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Prolactinoma/sangue , Prolactinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Prolactinoma/patologia , Fatores Sexuais , Falha de Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
18.
World Neurosurg ; 127: e561-e569, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak is a frustrating complication of skull base surgery. Published methodologies using national surgical databases to assess CSF leak have not accounted for variability between skull base operations. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to attempt the development of a novel framework for adapting big data techniques to skull base surgery and assess the reliability of corresponding data manipulations. METHODS: A retrospective nested case-control analysis was performed using patients from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) registry, 2012-2015. Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes identified possible skull base operations, which were systematically grouped by anatomic location. Meningioma, schwannoma, pituitary adenoma, and trigeminal neuralgia (TN) were included. RESULTS: Of 2918 patients, 84 (2.9%) were readmitted/reoperated on within 30 days for CSF leak. Operations involving the anterior fossa, both middle/posterior fossas in 1 approach, or the orbitocranial zygomatic approach were significantly associated with CSF leak, as were schwannomas and meningiomas in any location (8.5%, 3.1%, 10.2%, 4.1%, and 3.0%; all P < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis of only middle/posterior fossa lesions identified schwannoma (odds ratio [OR], 2.7; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3-5.6; P = 0.008), TN (OR, 5.4; 95% CI, 2-14.7; P = 0.008), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (OR, 3.9; 95% CI, 1.1-14; P = 0.03), and increased operative time (OR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.7-9.5; P = 0.009) as significant CSF leak risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Based on NSQIP data analyzed using a rational skull base/anatomic framework, risk factors for postoperative CSF leak include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, operative time, anterior fossa meningioma, and middle/posterior fossa schwannoma or TN. Although databases such as NSQIP can be extensively manipulated to generate surrogate results that may provide limited insight, applications beyond their design should be approached carefully.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
J Neurosurg ; 132(2): 605-614, 2019 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30797216

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Almost 30% of the patients with suspected temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have normal results on MRI. Success rates for resection of MRI-negative TLE are less favorable, ranging from 36% to 76%. Herein the authors describe the impact of intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG) augmented by opioid activation and its effect on postoperative seizure outcome. METHODS: Adult and pediatric patients with medically resistant MRI-negative TLE who underwent standardized ECoG at the time of their elective anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) with amygdalohippocampectomy between 1990 and 2016 were included in this study. Seizure recurrence comprised the primary outcome of interest and was assessed using Kaplan-Meier and multivariable Cox regression analysis plots based on distribution of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) recorded on scalp electroencephalography, baseline and opioid-induced IEDs on ECoG, and extent of resection. RESULTS: Of the 1144 ATLs performed at the authors' institution between 1990 and 2016, 127 (11.1%) patients (81 females) with MRI-negative TLE were eligible for this study. Patients with complete resection of tissue generating IED recorded on intraoperative ECoG were less likely to have seizure recurrence compared to those with incomplete resection on univariate analysis (p < 0.05). No difference was found in seizure recurrence between patients with bilateral independent IEDs and unilateral IEDs (p = 0.15), presence or absence of opioid-induced epileptiform activation (p = 0.61), or completeness of resection of tissue with opioid-induced IEDs on intraoperative ECoG (p = 0.41). CONCLUSIONS: The authors found that incomplete resection of IED-generating tissue on intraoperative ECoG was associated with an increased chance of seizure recurrence. However, they found that induction of epileptiform activity with intraoperative opioid activation did not provide useful intraoperative data predictive of improving operative results for temporal lobectomy in MRI-negative epilepsy.


Assuntos
Lobectomia Temporal Anterior/métodos , Eletrocorticografia/métodos , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal/cirurgia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/farmacologia , Ondas Encefálicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
NPJ Regen Med ; 4: 3, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30774984

RESUMO

Regenerative sciences are poised to transform clinical practice. The quest for regenerative solutions has, however, exposed a major gap in current healthcare education. A call for evidence-based adoption has underscored the necessity to establish rigorous regenerative medicine educational programs early in training. Here, we present a patient-centric regenerative medicine curriculum embedded into medical school core learning. Launched as a dedicated portal of new knowledge, learner proficiency was instilled by means of a discovery-translation-application blueprint. Using the "from the patient to the patient" paradigm, student experience recognized unmet patient needs, evolving regenerative technologies, and ensuing patient management solutions. Targeted on the deployment of a regenerative model of care, complementary subject matter included ethics, regulatory affairs, quality control, supply chain, and biobusiness. Completion of learning objectives was monitored by online tests, group teaching, simulated clinical examinations along with longitudinal continuity across medical school training and residency. Success was documented by increased awareness and proficiency in domain-relevant content, as well as specialty identification through practice exposure, research engagement, clinical acumen, and education-driven practice advancement. Early incorporation into mainstream medical education offers a tool to train next-generation healthcare providers equipped to adopt and deliver validated regenerative medicine solutions.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA