Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 28
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(6): 480-486, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384154

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the genetic landscape of multiple fusion genes in patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and investigate the characteristics of immunophenotypes and mutations. Methods: The results of multiple fusion genes from 4192 patients with de novo AML were retrospectively analyzed from 2016 to 2020. In addition, the immunophenotypical data and the mutational results from high-through put method were statistically investigated and correlated as well. Results: ①Among the 52 targets, 29 different types of fusion genes were detected in 1948 patients (46.47%) with AML, which demonstrated an "exponential distribution" . ② As the age increased, the number of patients with fusion gene increased first and then decreased gradually. The total incidence rate of fusion genes and MLL rearrangment in children were significantly higher than those in adults (69.18% vs 44.76%, 15.35% vs 8.36%) . ③The mutations involving FLT3 and RAS signaling pathway contributed most in patients with MLL rearrangment. ④No specific immunophenotypic characteristics were found in AML patients with MLL or NUP98 rearrangements. Conclusion: Nearly half of AML patients were accompanied by specific fusion gene expression, the proportions of different fusion genes in pediatric and adults patients were different by multiple PCR. The gene mutations and immunophenotype of these AML patients have certain rules.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adulto , Criança , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Mutação , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 109-115, 2021 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858040

RESUMO

Objective: This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of dasatinib combined with a multi-agent chemotherapy regimen of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph(+) ALL) patients. Methods: This prospective, single-arm, and open clinical study enrolled 30 adult Ph(+) ALL patients who were newly diagnosed and treated from January 2016 to April 2018 in the center of this study. Standard induction chemotherapy was given for 4 weeks. However, dasatinib (100 mg/d) was continuously administered from day 8 until the end of the whole therapy in the induction therapy. Patients who are available for allogeneic or autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) received transplantation when the disease was evaluated as complete remission. Results: All 30 patients achieved hematological complete remission (HCR) after the induction chemotherapy, and 70.0% (21/30) of them achieved the accumulated molecular complete remission (MCR) . The patients were followed up with a median follow-up time of 37.8 months (32.0-46.6) . The 3 year overall survival (OS) and 3 year hematological relapse-free survival (HRFS) were 68.1% and 61.6%, respectively. Moreover, 63.3% and 43.3% of the patients achieved molecular major remission and MCR, respectively. Consequently, 60.0% of the patients achieved MCR until 6 months. The patients who achieved MCR within 6 months had superior OS (P=0.004) , HRFS (P=0.049) , and event-free survival (EFS; P=0.001) . Fifteen patients (50.0%) received SCT at the first HCR. However, HRFS (P=0.030) and EFS (P=0.010) in the SCT group were better than those in the chemotherapy group. Conclusions: The regimen of dasatinib combined with a multi-agent chemotherapy was proven safe and effective in the treatment of newly diagnosed adult Ph(+) ALL patients. Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02523976.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Dasatinibe/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(6): 502-505, 2020 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654465

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of rituximab combined with short-course and intensive regimens in the treatment of adult patients with Burkitt leukemia. Methods: The clinical data of 11 Burkitt leukemia patients in our hospital from January 30, 2006, to September 12, 2018, were collected. The clinical details, complete remission (CR) rate, overall survival (OS) , relapse-free survival (RFS) , and adverse events were evaluated. Results: The median age of 11 patients was 34 (15-54) years, of which six were males and five were females (M∶F, 1.2∶1) . The median white blood cell (WBC) count was 12.28 (2.21-48.46) ×10(9)/L, and the median blast percent of peripheral blood and bone marrow were 40% (3%-76%) and 84.0% (29.5%-94.5%) , respectively. Ten patients were administered with rituximab combined with a short-course and intensive regimens, and two patients underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation following consolidation chemotherapy. The CR rate after one cycle of induction therapy was 100%, the four-year OS was 90%, and RFS was 90%. Out of the ten treated patients, only one patient suffered from tumor lysis syndrome during the induction chemotherapy. Consequently, renal function recovered after hemodialysis and other treatments. The regimen is safe with no treatment-related deaths. Conclusions: Rituximab combined with short-course and intensive chemotherapy regimens is effective and well-tolerated in adult Burkitt leukemia.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Burkitt , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(12): 1008-1012, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33445848

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, etiology, and prognosis of familial acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with germline CEBPA mutation and improve the understanding of familial leukemia. Methods: The age of onset, clinical characteristics, outcome, and prognosis of a family of patients with AML were investigated, and the family tree of the cases was displayed. Bone marrow and oral mucosal cells were collected from the proband, and peripheral blood was collected from the relatives of the proband. Gene mutation was detected by gene sequencing technology. Results: A total of 10 patients in this family were diagnosed with acute leukemia, including 4 males and 6 females, with a median age of 9 (3-48) years. Of the 10 patients, six died. Among them, 4 patients did not receive treatment, 1 patient survived 3 years after chemotherapy and died of relapse, and one patient died 2 years after receiving traditional Chinese medicine and supportive treatment. Four patients are alive. One patient has survived 15 years through chemotherapy, and three patients have survived with chemotherapy combined with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and the survival time was 6, 9, and 28 months at the end of follow-up. Gene sequencing was performed on proband and 8 relatives of the proband, and 5 were found to have the germline CEBPA TAD p.G36Afs*124 mutation. Among the 5 individuals with confirmed CEBPA mutation, 4 were diagnosed with AML, and 1 had not developed disease during follow-up. Conclusion: AML with germline CEBPA gene mutation mostly occurs in children and young adults, with complete or nearly complete penetrance. With active treatment, most of the patients have a favorable prognosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Células Germinativas , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(10): 848-852, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775485

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinic-pathological features, diagnosis and treatment of 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) . Methods: Five patients diagnosed as EMS from Jan 2014 to May 2018 at Blood Disease Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences were enrolled. The clinical manifestations, laboratory characteristics, treatment and outcome of these patients were summarized. Results: The peripheral blood leukocyte count of 5 patients with EMS increased significantly, accompanied with an elevated absolute eosinophils value (the average as 18.89×10(9)/L) . The hypercellularity of myeloid cells was common in bone marrow, always with the elevated proportion of eosinophils (the average as 17.24%) , but less than 5% of blast cells. The chromosome karyotype of the 5 cases differed from each other, but presenting with the same rearrangement of FGFR1 gene by fluorescence in situ hybridization technology. The average interval between onset and diagnosis was 4.8 months with a median survival of only 14 months. Conclusion: EMS was a rare hematologic malignancy with poor prognosis and short survival. It was commonly to be misdiagnosed. Analysis of cytogenetics and molecular biology were helpful for early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Eosinofilia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Doenças Linfáticas/genética , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8 , Eosinofilia/genética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Transtornos Mieloproliferativos/genética , Translocação Genética
8.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(6): 497-501, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340623

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the time of the recovery of neutrophils or leukocytes by pegylated recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) or common recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) in the myelosuppressive phase after induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. At the same time, the incidences of infection and hospitalization were compared. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted in patients with newly diagnosed AML who met the enrollment criteria from August 2014 to December 2017. The patients were randomly divided into two groups according to a 1:1 ratio: PEG-rhG-CSF group and rhG-CSF group. The time of neutrophil or leukocyte recovery, infection rate and hospitalization interval were compared between the two groups. Results: 60 patients with newly diagnosed AML were enrolled: 30 patients in the PEG-rhG-CSF group and 30 patients in the rhG-CSF group. There were no significant differences in age, chemotherapy regimen, pre-chemotherapy ANC, WBC, and induction efficacy between the two groups (P>0.05) . The median time (range) of ANC or WBC recovery in patients with PEG-rhG-CSF and rhG-CSF were 19 (14-35) d and 19 (15-26) d, respectively, with no statistical difference (P=0.566) . The incidences of infection in the PEG-rhG-CSF group and the rhG-CSF group were 90.0%and 93.3%, respectively, and there was no statistical difference (P=1.000) . The median days of hospitalization (range) was 20.5 (17-49) days and 21 (19-43) days, respectively, with no statistical difference (P=0.530) . Conclusions: In AML patients after induction therapy, there was no significant difference between the application of PEG-rhG-CSF and daily rhG-CSF in ANC or WBC recovery time, infection incidence and hospitalization time.


Assuntos
Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Neutropenia , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Neutrófilos , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas Recombinantes
9.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(4): 288-293, 2019 Apr 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104439

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application values of immunophenotypic analysis and molecular genetics in the diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) . Methods: The retrospective analyses of flow cytometric (FCM) immunophenotypic anyalysis, chromosome karyotype and chromosome fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of 798 outpatient or hospitalization APL patients referred to our hospital between May 2012 and December 2017 were performed to further study the application values of FCM and molecular genetics in the diagnosis of APL. Results: The sensitivity and specificity of FCM were 91.9% and 98.7% respectively. The typical characteristic immunophenotype for APL was as of follows: a high SSC, absence of expression of cluster differntiation (CD) CD34 and HLA-DR, and expression or stronger expression of CD33, consistent expression of CD13, CD9, CD123, expression of CD56, CD7, CD2 (sometimes) . The rest 10% of the cases harbored atypical APL phenotypes, generally accompanied by CD34 and/or HLA-DR expression, decreased SSC and often accompanied by CD2 expression, it was difficult to definitively diagnose APL by this FCM phenotype, and their diagnoses depended on the results of genetics or molecular biology tests. Compared with normal individuals, complex karyotypes APL with t (15;17) translocation, other variant translocations and variant t (11;17) , t (5;17) had no significant differences in terms of their FCM phenotypes. Conclusions: FCM could rapidly and effectively diagnose APL. Despite the fact that complex karyotypes with various additional chromosomal abnormalities were detected in approximately one third of APL cases in addition to the pathognomonic t (15;17) (q22;q21) , they had no observable impact on the overall immunophenotype. Molecular and genetic criteria were the golden criteria for the diagnosis of APL. About 10% of immunophenotyping cases relied on molecular genetics for diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(12): 1008-1014, 2019 Dec 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023731

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MNs) after successful treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) . Methods: Clinical data of 4 patients, diagnosed as t-MNs secondary to APL at Hematology Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from October 2012 to January 2019, were collected retrospectively. T-MNs related literature was reviewed. Results: The 4 cases were all females, with the median age 42 (range 40-53) years old at the diagnosis of APL. Regarding the induction and consolidation regimens, 3 patients received all-trans retinoid acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) combined with anthracycline/anthraquinone and/or cytosine. One patient only received ATRA and other auxiliary drugs. Alkylating agents were not administrated. The 4 patients developed t-MNs 40 to 43 months after complete remission (CR) of APL, including 1 case of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) and 3 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) . The PML-RARα fusion genes were all negative when t-MNs developed. The three patients with t-AML were treated with 3 to 4 re-induction regimens, one of whom underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) after complete remission (CR) . One patient with t-MDS received hypomethylating agents. After a median follow-up of 54.5 (48-62) months, 2 patients with t-AML died, the median overall survival after t-MN was 12 (5-18) months. From 1989 to 2018, a total of 63 t-MN cases were reported in the literature. Therefore, 67 cases were analyzed when four patients in our center were added, including 27 males and 40 females with median age 52.5 (15-76) years. The median latency was 39 (12-126) months and the median overall survival after diagnosis of t-MN was 10 (1-39) months. Conclusions: Although rare, t-MNs may occur after successful control of APL. There are no existing guidelines for prevention and treatment of t-MNs, which have very poor prognosis. If cytopenia or other abnormalities of peripheral blood cells develop after 3 years of APL, t-MNs should be considered as a differential diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Arsenicais , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxidos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tretinoína
12.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(6): 471-475, 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30032562

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the influence of duration of antibiotic therapy on the prognosis of patients with AML who had Gram-negative bloodstream infection during consolidation chemotherapy. Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from 591 patients enrolled from the registered "A Phase III study on optimizing treatment based on risk stratification for acute myeloid leukemia, ChiCTR-TRC-10001202" treatment protocol between September 2010 and January 2016 in different treatment cycles. Results: A total of 119 episodes of Gram-negative bloodstream infection occurred during consolidation chemotherapy. Excluding the 5 episodes in which fever lasted longer than 7 days, 114 episodes of infection were analyzed. The median neutrophil count was 0 (0-5.62)×10(9)/L, median neutropenia duration was 9 (3-26) days, median interval of antibiotics administration was 7 (4-14) days. Logistic regression analysis showed that there is no significant difference on 3-day recurrent fever rate and reinfection by the same type bacteria between antibiotics administration ≤7 days or >7 days (1.2% vs 3.0%, P=0.522, OR=0.400, 95% CI 0.024-6.591; 18.5% vs 21.2%, P=0.741, OR=0.844, 95% CI 0.309-2.307). Propensity score analysis confirmed there was no significant difference on same pathogen infection rate between antibiotics application time ≤ 7 days or >7 days (P=0.525, OR=0.663, 95% CI 0.187-2.352). No infection associated death occurred within 7 or 30 days in both groups. Conclusion: Discontinuation of therapy until sensitive antibiotics treated for 7 days does not increase the recurrent fever rate and the infection associated death rate. Indicating that, for AML who had Gram-negative bloodstream infection during consolidation chemotherapy, short courses of antibiotic therapy is a reasonable treatment option when the infection is controlled.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(1): 9-14, 2018 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29551026

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical and laboratory characteristics, and prognosis of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with MLL gene rearrangements. Methods: The medical records of 92 adult AML patients with MLL gene rearrangements from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: 92 cases (6.5%) with MLL gene rearrangements were identified in 1 417 adult AML (Non-M(3)) patients, the median age of the patients was 35.5 years (15 to 64 years old) with an equal sex ratio, the median WBC were 21.00(0.42-404.76)×10(9)/L, and 78 patients (84.8%) were acute monoblastic leukemia according to FAB classification. Eleven common partner genes were detected in 32 patients, 9 cases (28.1%) were MLL/AF9(+), 5 cases (15.6%) were MLL/AF6(+), 5 cases (15.6%) were MLL/ELL(+), 2 cases (6.3%) were MLL/AF10(+), 1 case (3.1%) was MLL/SETP6(+), and the remaining 10 patients' partner genes weren't identified. Of 92 patients, 83 cases with a median follow-up of 10.3 (0.3-74.0) months were included for the prognosis analysis, the complete remission (CR) rate was 85.5% (71/83), the median overall survival (OS) and relapse free survival (RFS) were 15.4 and 13.1 months, respectively. Two-year OS and RFS were 36.6% and 29.5%, respectively. Of 31 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), two-year OS and RFS for patients received and non-received allo-HSCT were 57.9% and 21.4%, 52.7% and 14.9%, respectively (P<0.001). Among patients with partner genes tested, 9 of 32 cases (28.1%) were MLL/AF9(+), the median follow-up was 6.0(4.1-20.7) months. 3 patients with MLL/AF9 underwent allo-HSCT. 23 cases (71.9%) were non- MLL/AF9(+), the median follow-up was 7.8 (0.3-26.6) months. 14 patients (60.1%) with non-MLL/AF9 underwent allo-HSCT. One-year OS for patients with MLL/AF9 and non-MLL/AF9 were 38.1% and 55.5%, respectively (P=0.688). Multivariate analysis revealed that high WBC (RR=1.825, 95% CI 1.022-3.259, P=0.042), one cycle to achieve CR (RR=0.130, 95% CI 0.063-0.267, P<0.001), post-remission treatment with allo-HSCT (RR=0.169, 95% CI 0.079-0.362, P<0.001) were independent prognostic factors affecting OS. Conclusions: AML with MLL gene rearrangements was closely associated with monocytic differentiation, and MLL/AF9 was the most frequent partner gene. Conventional chemotherapy produced a high response rate, but likely to relapse, allo-HSCT may have the potential to further improve the prognosis of this group of patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Rearranjo Gênico , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(2): 98-104, 2018 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29562441

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the spectrum of gene mutations in adult patients with B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), and to analyze the influences of different gene mutations on prognosis. Methods: DNA samples from 113 adult B-ALL patients who administered from June 2009 to September 2015 were collected. Target-specific next generation sequencing (NGS) approach was used to analyze the mutations of 112 genes (focused on the specific mutational hotspots) and all putative mutations were compared against multiple databases to calculate the frequency spectrum. The impact of gene mutation on the patients' overall survival (OS) and recurrence free survival (RFS) was analyzed by the putative mutations through Kaplan-Meier, and Cox regression methods. Results: Of the 113 patients, 103 (92.0%) harbored at least one mutation and 29 (25.6%) harbored more than 3 genes mutation. The five most frequently mutated genes in B-ALL are SF1, FAT1, MPL, PTPN11 and NRAS. Gene mutations are different between Ph+ B-ALL and Ph- B-ALL patients. Ph- B-ALL patients with JAK-STAT signal pathway related gene mutation, such as JAK1/JAK2 mutation showed a poor prognosis compared to the patients without mutation (OS: P=0.011, 0.001; RFS: P=0.014,<0.001). Patients with PTPN11 mutation showed better survival than those without mutation, but the difference was not statistically significant (P value > 0.05). Besides, in Ph+ B-ALL patients whose epigenetic modifications related signaling pathway genes were affected, they had a worse prognosis (OS: P=0.038; RFS: P=0.047). Conclusion: Gene mutations are common in adult ALL patients, a variety of signaling pathways are involved. The frequency and spectrum are varied in different types of B-ALL. JAK family gene mutation usually indicates poor prognosis. The co-occurrence of somatic mutations in adult B-ALL patients indicate the genetic complex and instability of adult B-ALL patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adulto , Linfócitos B , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Humanos , Mutação , Prognóstico
17.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 39(12): 977-982, 2018 Dec 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30612397

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical, laboratory characteristics and prognosis of adult early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ETP-ALL). Methods: The clinical data of 13 adult ETP-ALL patients from January 2009 to March 2017 were retrospectively analyzed and compared with non-ETP ALL patients. Results: 13 ETP-ALL patients (17.3%) were identified in 75 adult T-ALL patients, the median age of the patients was 35 years old (15 to 49 years) and 10 patients were male (76.9%). ETP-ALL patients had lower WBC count, LDH level, blasts in peripheral blood, lower incidence of thymic mass and higher PLT count compared to non-ETP ALL patients. The CR rate after one course induction chemotherapy for ETP-ALL and non-ETP ALL patients was 33.3% and 90.1%, respectively (χ(2)=26.521, P<0.001). The median overall survival(OS) was 11.33 (95%CI 0-28.46) and 25.69 (95%CI 11.98-39.41) months, respectively. The 3-year OS was 41.7% and 40.7%, respectively (P=0.699). The median event free survival (EFS) was 1.51 (95%CI 1.23-1.79) and 21.36 (95%CI 4.67-38.04) months, respectively. The 3-year EFS was 16.7% and 39.5%, respectively (P=0.002). The 3-year relapse free survival (RFS) was 53.0% and 52.0%, respectively (P=0.797). Multivariate analysis revealed that CNSL and allo-HSCT were independent risk factors affecting OS of T-ALL and ETP-ALL didn't affect the prognosis of T-ALL. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this study is the first report on characteristics and prognosis of adult ETP-ALL patients in China. At total of 13 T-ALL patients (17.3%) were classified as having ETP-ALL. These patients had a lower leukemia burden and lower CR rate after one course induction compared to non-ETP ALL patients. Allo-HSCT can improve the prognosis of ETP-ALL.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células Precursoras de Linfócitos T , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 956-961, 2017 Nov 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29224319

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility of multiplex real-time RT-PCR with fluorescent probes in early screening of Ph-like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and analyze the clinical feature and prognos. Method: A total of 118 adult B-ALL patients diagnosed between October 2010 and March 2016 were enrolled in this study. Multiplex RT-PCR was used to detect the Ph-like ALL related fusion gene and CRLF2 expression in 58 BCR-ABL and MLL rearrangement negative patients. The clinical features, treatment response and prognosis were analyzed in Ph-like fusion gene positive and/or CRLF2 over-expression patients. Result: Among 58 patients, 9 patients (9/58, 15.5%) showed Ph-like ALL related fusion genes positive and 10 patients (10/58, 17.2%) showed CRLF2 over-expression. There were statistical differences in age, WBC count, immunophenotypes, cytogenetics and risk stratification among Ph-like fusion gene positive or CRLF2 over-expression patients, Ph(+) patients, MLL(+) patients and B-other patients. The 2-year overall survival rates were 65%, 47%, 64% and 74% respectively among these four groups (P=0.043) . The 2-year relapse free survival rates were 51%, 39%, 62% and 70% respectively among these four groups (P=0.010) . Conclusion: Routine screening of Ph-like ALL by multiplex RTPCR is feasible.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico
19.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 38(9): 767-771, 2017 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29081193

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of minimal residual disease (MRD) by multiparameter flow cytometry (MPFC) during aplasia on efficacy and prognosis of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (non M(3)) patients. Methods: The MRD data by 8-color MPFC during aplasia (day 14-15 of induction therapy) in 85 de novo AML (non M(3)) patients and the MRD impact on efficacy and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Data of 85 patients, including 42 males (49.4%) and 43 females (50.6%) , were collected, with a median age of 35 (15-54) years. The median MRD by MPFC during aplasia was 0.58% (0-81.11%) , and 70 (82.4%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) after first induction chemotherapy. The cutoff of MRD by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was 2.305% (Se= 0.867, Sp=0.800) . The CR rate after one course was significantly higher in patients with MRD<2.305% [96.6% (56/58) ]than in patients with MRD≥2.305%[51.9% (14/27) ] (χ(2)=22.348, P<0.001) ; no significant difference with respect to relapse-free survival rate (χ(2)=1.08, P=0.299) or overall survival rate (χ(2)=0.42, P=0.516) could be demonstrated for the comparison of the two groups. Multivariates analysis showed MRD divided by 2.305% was the only independent prognostic factor for CR after one course (OR= 21.560, 95% CI 4.129-112.579, P<0.001) . Conclusion: Flow cytometric MRD divided by 2.305% during aplasia could be a predictor of efficacy after first induction therapy in AML patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 38(8): 695-699, 2017 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28954349

RESUMO

Objective: To probe the potential utility of Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) as a marker of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) to estimate the relapse-predicting cut-off value. Methods: Quantitative assessment of bone marrow WT1 mRNA level was preformed using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RQ-RT-PCR) assay. The expression levels of WT1 dynamically measured with RQ-RT-PCR were retrospectively analyzed in 121 AML cases (not including acute promyelocytic leukemia) achieving complete remission (CR) after induction therapy followed by consolidation therapy. By comparing WT1 levels of patients with different post-therapy outcomes, the investigators used the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to determine WT1 threshold so as to predict their clinical relapses. Then prognoses and the significance of intervention were analyzed between WT1 positive and negative patients according to the cut-off value of WT1. Results: According to ROC curve, WT1 level higher than 2.98% predicted the possibility of relapse. For simplicity and clinical application, 3.00% was used as the cut-off value of WT1 level for relapse. WT1 levels in 41 patients at diagnosis were detected, meanwhile 3 patients whose WT1 levels at diagnosis below 3.00% were excluded, then the median WT1 level of the rest 38 patients at diagnosis was 44.09% (range 7.19%-188.06%) . The median WT1 level in remission was 0.48% (352 samples, range 0-8.41%) . The median WT1 level at diagnosis was higher than that in remission. Excluding the 3 patients with WT1 level at diagnosis under 3.00%, the relapse rate of WT1 positive group (>3.00% during consolidation phase and follow-up) and WT1 negative group (≤3.00%) was 70.0% (14/20) and 12.2% (12/98) respectively (P<0.001) . The median time from WT1 positivity to clinical relapse was 58 days. Conclusions: WT1 expression level above 3.00% was associated with markedly high risk of relapse, which could be as a useful marker for monitoring MRD following consolidation therapy.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Humanos , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas WT1
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...