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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 511-516, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042045

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. Results: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. Conclusion: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.

2.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(5): 511-516, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate Ebstein's anomaly surgical correction and its early and long-term outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 62 consecutive patients who underwent surgical repair of Ebstein's anomaly in our institution from January 2000 to July 2016. The following long-term outcomes were evaluated: survival, reoperations, tricuspid regurgitation, and postoperative right ventricular dysfunction. RESULTS: Valve repair was performed in 46 (74.2%) patients - 12 of them using the Da Silva cone reconstruction; tricuspid valve replacement was performed in 11 (17.7%) patients; univentricular palliation in one (1.6%) patient; and the one and a half ventricle repair in four (6.5%) patients. The patients' mean age at the time of surgery was 20.5±14.9 years, and 46.8% of them were male. The mean follow-up time was 8.8±6 years. The 30-day mortality rate was 8.06% and the one and 10-year survival rates were 91.9% both. Eleven (17.7%) of the 62 patients required late reoperation due to tricuspid regurgitation, in an average time of 7.1±4.9 years after the first procedure. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the long-term results of the surgical treatment of Ebstein's anomaly demonstrate an acceptable survival rate and a low incidence of reinterventions.


Assuntos
Anomalia de Ebstein/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anomalia de Ebstein/complicações , Anomalia de Ebstein/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 32(3): 177-183, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28832795

RESUMO

Introduction:: Few data can be found about cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit outside reference centers in third world countries. Objective:: To study epidemiology and prognostic factors associated with cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit (ICU) in an average Brazilian center. Methods:: Between June 2011 and July 2014, 302 cases of cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit were prospectively evaluated in 273 patients (age: 68.9 ± 15 years) admitted in three mixed units. Data regarding cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation were collected in an "Utstein style" form and epidemiologic data was prospectively obtained. Factors associated with do not resuscitate orders, return of spontaneous circulation and survival were studied using binary logistic regression. Statistical package software used was SPSS 19.0 (IBM Inc., USA). Results:: Among 302 cardiac arrests, 230 (76.3%) had their initial rhythm recorded and 141 (61.3%) was in asystole, 62 (27%) in pulseless electric activity (PEA) and 27 had a shockable rhythm (11.7%). In 109 (36.1%) cases, cardiac arrest had a suspected reversible cause. Most frequent suspected cardiac arrest causes were hypotension (n=98; 32.5%), multiple (19.2%) and hypoxemia (17.5%). Sixty (19.9%) cardiac arrests had do not resuscitate orders. Prior left ventricle dysfunction was the only predictor of do not resuscitate order (OR: 3.1 [CI=1.03-9.4]; P=0.04). Among patients that received cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 59 (24.4%) achieved return of spontaneous circulation and 12 survived to discharge (5.6%). Initial shockable rhythm was the only return of spontaneous circulation predictor (OR: 24.9 (2.4-257); P=0.007) and survival (OR: 4.6 (1.4-15); P=0.01). Conclusion:: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation rate was high considering ICU patients, so was mortality. Prior left ventricular dysfunction was a predictor of do not resuscitate order. Initial shockable rhythm was a predictor of return of spontaneous circulation and survival.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/mortalidade , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Parada Cardíaca/mortalidade , Parada Cardíaca/terapia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Agonistas Adrenérgicos/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Epinefrina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Ordens quanto à Conduta (Ética Médica) , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(3): 177-183, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-897904

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Few data can be found about cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit outside reference centers in third world countries. Objective: To study epidemiology and prognostic factors associated with cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit (ICU) in an average Brazilian center. Methods: Between June 2011 and July 2014, 302 cases of cardiac arrest in the intensive care unit were prospectively evaluated in 273 patients (age: 68.9 ± 15 years) admitted in three mixed units. Data regarding cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation were collected in an "Utstein style" form and epidemiologic data was prospectively obtained. Factors associated with do not resuscitate orders, return of spontaneous circulation and survival were studied using binary logistic regression. Statistical package software used was SPSS 19.0 (IBM Inc., USA). Results: Among 302 cardiac arrests, 230 (76.3%) had their initial rhythm recorded and 141 (61.3%) was in asystole, 62 (27%) in pulseless electric activity (PEA) and 27 had a shockable rhythm (11.7%). In 109 (36.1%) cases, cardiac arrest had a suspected reversible cause. Most frequent suspected cardiac arrest causes were hypotension (n=98; 32.5%), multiple (19.2%) and hypoxemia (17.5%). Sixty (19.9%) cardiac arrests had do not resuscitate orders. Prior left ventricle dysfunction was the only predictor of do not resuscitate order (OR: 3.1 [CI=1.03-9.4]; P=0.04). Among patients that received cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 59 (24.4%) achieved return of spontaneous circulation and 12 survived to discharge (5.6%). Initial shockable rhythm was the only return of spontaneous circulation predictor (OR: 24.9 (2.4-257); P=0.007) and survival (OR: 4.6 (1.4-15); P=0.01). Conclusion: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation rate was high considering ICU patients, so was mortality. Prior left ventricular dysfunction was a predictor of do not resuscitate order. Initial shockable rhythm was a predictor of return of spontaneous circulation and survival.

7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 105(4): 353-61, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26559982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is the most common cyanotic cardiopathy, with an incidence ranging between 0.2 and 0.4 per 1000 live births. Many patients not treated in the first few months of life may progress with severe pulmonary vascular disease. Treatment of these patients may include palliative surgery to redirect the flow at the atrial level. OBJECTIVE: Report our institutional experience with the palliative Senning procedure in children diagnosed with TGA and double outlet right ventricle with severe pulmonary vascular disease, and to evaluate the early and late clinical progression of the palliative Senning procedure. METHODS: Retrospective study based on the evaluation of medical records in the period of 1991 to 2014. Only patients without an indication for definitive surgical treatment of the cardiopathy due to elevated pulmonary pressure were included. RESULTS: After one year of follow-up there was a mean increase in arterial oxygen saturation from 62.1% to 92.5% and a mean decrease in hematocrit from 49.4% to 36.3%. Lung histological analysis was feasible in 16 patients. In 8 patients, pulmonary biopsy grades 3 and 4 were evidenced. CONCLUSION: The palliative Senning procedure improved arterial oxygen saturation, reduced polycythemia, and provided a better quality of life for patients with TGA with ventricular septal defect, severe pulmonary hypertension, and poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Transposição das Grandes Artérias/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Biópsia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 105(4): 353-361, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-764473

RESUMO

Background:Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is the most common cyanotic cardiopathy, with an incidence ranging between 0.2 and 0.4 per 1000 live births. Many patients not treated in the first few months of life may progress with severe pulmonary vascular disease. Treatment of these patients may include palliative surgery to redirect the flow at the atrial level.Objective:Report our institutional experience with the palliative Senning procedure in children diagnosed with TGA and double outlet right ventricle with severe pulmonary vascular disease, and to evaluate the early and late clinical progression of the palliative Senning procedure.Methods:Retrospective study based on the evaluation of medical records in the period of 1991 to 2014. Only patients without an indication for definitive surgical treatment of the cardiopathy due to elevated pulmonary pressure were included.Results:After one year of follow-up there was a mean increase in arterial oxygen saturation from 62.1% to 92.5% and a mean decrease in hematocrit from 49.4% to 36.3%. Lung histological analysis was feasible in 16 patients. In 8 patients, pulmonary biopsy grades 3 and 4 were evidenced.Conclusion:The palliative Senning procedure improved arterial oxygen saturation, reduced polycythemia, and provided a better quality of life for patients with TGA with ventricular septal defect, severe pulmonary hypertension, and poor prognosis.


Fundamento:A transposição das grandes artérias (TGA) é a cardiopatia cianogênica mais comum, com incidência variando de 0,2 a 0,4 por 1000 nascidos vivos. Muitos dos pacientes não tratados nos primeiros meses de vida podem evoluir com doença vascular pulmonar grave, e um método terapêutico para o tratamento desses pacientes pode ser realizado por meio de uma cirurgia paliativa para redirecionamento do fluxo em nível atrial.Objetivo:Relatar a experiência institucional com a cirurgia de Senning paliativo em crianças com diagnóstico de TGA e dupla via de saída do ventrículo direito com doença vascular pulmonar severa. Avaliar, também, a evolução clínica precoce e tardia da operação de Senning paliativo.Métodos:Estudo retrospectivo, baseado na avaliação de prontuários no período de 1991 a 2014. Somente pacientes sem indicação para o tratamento cirúrgico definitivo da cardiopatia em razão de elevadas pressões pulmonares.Resultados:Evidenciou-se após um ano de evolução um aumento médio da saturação arterial de oxigênio de 62,1% para 92,5% e uma redução média do hematócrito de 49,4% para 36,3%. A análise da histologia pulmonar foi possível em 16 pacientes. Em oito pacientes foi evidenciada lesão pulmonar grau 3 e 4.Conclusão:A cirurgia de Senning paliativo melhorou a saturação de oxigênio arterial, reduziu a policitemia e proporcionou uma melhora da qualidade de vida em pacientes com TGA com comunicação interventricular, os quais possuíam hipertensão pulmonar severa com prognóstico fechado.


Assuntos
Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Transposição das Grandes Artérias/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Biópsia , Seguimentos , Átrios do Coração/cirurgia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Ilustração Médica , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/patologia
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(4): 409-416, July-Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-763159

RESUMO

AbstractIntroduction:Post-cardiotomy myocardial dysfunction requiring mechanical circulatory support occurs in about 0.5% of cases. In our environment, the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been increasing in recent years.Objective:To evaluate the impact of investment in professional training and improvement of equipment in the rate of weaning from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and survival.Methods:A retrospective study. Fifty-six pediatric and/or congenital heart patients underwent post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at our institution between November 1999 and July 2014. We divided this period into two phases: phase I, 36 cases (before the structuring of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program) and phase II, 20 cases (after the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program implementation) with investment in training and equipment). Were considered as primary outcomes: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation weaning and survival to hospital discharge. The results in both phases were compared using Chi-square test. To identify the impact of the different variables we used binary logistic regression analysis.Results:Groups were comparable. In phase I, 9 patients (25%) were weaned from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, but only 2 (5.5%) were discharged. In phase II, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used in 20 patients, weaning was possible in 17 (85%), with 9 (45%) hospital discharges (P<0.01). When the impact of several variables on discharge and weaning of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was analyzed, we observe that phase II was an independent predictor of better results (P<0.001) and need for left cavities drainage was associated with worse survival (P=0.045).Conclusion:The investment in professional training and improvement of equipment significantly increased extracorporeal membrane oxygenation results.


ResumoIntrodução:Falência ventricular pós-cardiotomia necessitando de suporte circulatório mecânico ocorre em cerca de 0,5% dos casos. Em nosso meio, o uso de ECMO tem aumentado nos últimos anos.Objetivo:Avaliar o impacto do investimento na formação profissional e melhoria dos equipamentos na taxa de desmame de ECMO e na sobrevida.Métodos:Estudo retrospectivo. Cinquenta e seis pacientes cardíacos pediátricos e/ou portadores de cardiopatias congênitas foram submetidos ao implante de ECMO pós-cardiotomia em nossa instituição entre novembro de 1999 e julho de 2014. Nós dividimos este período em duas fases: fase I, 36 casos (antes da estruturação do programa de ECMO) e fase II, 20 casos (após a instalação do programa ECMO com investimento em formação e equipamento). Foram considerados como desfechos primários: o desmame de ECMO e sobrevida até a alta hospitalar. Os resultados em ambas as fases foram comparados pelo teste Chi-quadrado. Para identificar o impacto das diferentes variáveis, ​ foi usada análise de regressão logística binária.Resultados:Na fase I, 9 pacientes (25%) foram desmamados da ECMO, mas apenas 2 (5,5%) tiveram alta. Na fase II, ECMO foi usado em 20 pacientes, o desmame foi possível em 17 deles (85%), com 9 (45%) altas hospitalares. Quando analisamos o impacto das diversas variáveis ​​sobre a sobrevida e desmame de ECMO, observa-se que a fase II foi um preditor independente de melhores resultados (P<0,001) e a necessidade de drenagem das cavidades esquerdas foi associada com pior sobrevida (P=0,045).Conclusão:O investimento na formação profissional e aperfeiçoamento de equipamentos melhorou significativamente os resultados de ECMO em nossa instituição.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Educação Continuada/estatística & dados numéricos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/educação , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/instrumentação , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Alta do Paciente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 104(1): 78-84, 01/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-741129

RESUMO

Background: Heart transplantation is considered the gold standard therapy for the advanced heart failure, but donor shortage, especially in pediatric patients, is the main limitation for this procedure, so most sick patients die while waiting for the procedure. Objective: To evaluate the use of short-term circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation in end-stage cardiomyopathy. Methods: Retrospective clinical study. Between January 2011 and December 2013, 40 patients with cardiomyopathy were admitted in our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, with a mean age of 4.5 years. Twenty patients evolved during hospitalization with clinical deterioration and were classified as Intermacs 1 and 2. One patient died within 24 hours and 19 could be stabilized and were listed. They were divided into 2 groups: A, clinical support alone and B, implantation of short-term circulatory support as bridge to transplantation additionally to clinical therapy. Results: We used short-term mechanical circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation in 9. In group A (n=10), eight died waiting and 2 patients (20%) were transplanted, but none was discharged. In group B (n=9), 6 patients (66.7%) were transplanted and three were discharged.The mean support time was 21,8 days (6 to 984h). The mean transplant waiting list time was 33,8 days. Renal failure and sepsis were the main complication and causeof death in group A while neurologic complications were more prevalent en group B. Conclusion: Mechanical circulatory support increases survival on the pediatric heart transplantation waiting list in patients classified as Intermacs 1 and 2. .


Introdução: O transplante cardíaco é o tratamento de escolha na insuficiência cardíaca terminal, porém a escassez de doadores limita o seu emprego, especialmente na população pediátrica. O implante de dispositivos de assistência circulatória mecânica (ACM) pode aumentar o tempo de espera e contribuir na redução da mortalidade. Objetivo: Estudar a evolução dos pacientes pediátricos com diagnóstico de miocardiopatia, com indicação de transplante e que evoluíram em Intermacs1 ou 2, comparando a utilização ou não de algum tipo de ACM de curta duração. Método: No período de janeiro de 2011 a dezembro de 2013, 40 pacientes com idade média de 4,5 anos foram admitidos com diagnóstico de miocardiopatia dilatada. Desses pacientes, 20 evoluíram em Intermacs 1 ou 2. Um faleceu em menos de 24 horas e 19 foram listados para transplante. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: A, pacientes manejados clinicamente em espera para o transplante; B, pacientes que utilizaram algum tipo de ACM de curta duração durante o tempo de espera em lista. Resultados: No grupo A (n=10), oito pacientes evoluíram para óbito aguardando o transplante e dois pacientes (20%) foram transplantados, sendo que nenhum recebeu alta hospitalar. No grupo B (n = 9), seis pacientes (66,7%; p = 0,04) foram transplantados e três receberam alta hospitalar (p = 0,049). As principais complicações foram insuficiência renal e sepse, no grupo A, e complicações neurológicas no grupo B. Conclusão: O emprego de ACM de curta duração aumentou a sobrevida dos pacientes priorizados e em fila de espera de transplante cardíaco pediátrico. .


Assuntos
Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Coração Auxiliar , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Hospitalização , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 30(4): 409-16, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27163414

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Post-cardiotomy myocardial dysfunction requiring mechanical circulatory support occurs in about 0.5% of cases. In our environment, the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been increasing in recent years. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of investment in professional training and improvement of equipment in the rate of weaning from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and survival. METHODS: A retrospective study. Fifty-six pediatric and/or congenital heart patients underwent post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at our institution between November 1999 and July 2014. We divided this period into two phases: phase I, 36 cases (before the structuring of the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program) and phase II, 20 cases (after the extracorporeal membrane oxygenation program implementation) with investment in training and equipment). Were considered as primary outcomes: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation weaning and survival to hospital discharge. The results in both phases were compared using Chi-square test. To identify the impact of the different variables we used binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Groups were comparable. In phase I, 9 patients (25%) were weaned from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, but only 2 (5.5%) were discharged. In phase II, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was used in 20 patients, weaning was possible in 17 (85%), with 9 (45%) hospital discharges (P<0.01). When the impact of several variables on discharge and weaning of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was analyzed, we observe that phase II was an independent predictor of better results (P<0.001) and need for left cavities drainage was associated with worse survival (P=0.045). CONCLUSION: The investment in professional training and improvement of equipment significantly increased extracorporeal membrane oxygenation results.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada/estatística & dados numéricos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/educação , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/instrumentação , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/mortalidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 104(1): 78-84, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25372474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation is considered the gold standard therapy for the advanced heart failure, but donor shortage, especially in pediatric patients, is the main limitation for this procedure, so most sick patients die while waiting for the procedure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of short-term circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation in end-stage cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Retrospective clinical study. Between January 2011 and December 2013, 40 patients with cardiomyopathy were admitted in our Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, with a mean age of 4.5 years. Twenty patients evolved during hospitalization with clinical deterioration and were classified as Intermacs 1 and 2. One patient died within 24 hours and 19 could be stabilized and were listed. They were divided into 2 groups: A, clinical support alone and B, implantation of short-term circulatory support as bridge to transplantation additionally to clinical therapy. RESULTS: We used short-term mechanical circulatory support as a bridge to transplantation in 9. In group A (n=10), eight died waiting and 2 patients (20%) were transplanted, but none was discharged. In group B (n=9), 6 patients (66.7%) were transplanted and three were discharged.The mean support time was 21,8 days (6 to 984 h). The mean transplant waiting list time was 33,8 days. Renal failure and sepsis were the main complication and cause of death in group A while neurologic complications were more prevalent en group B. CONCLUSION: Mechanical circulatory support increases survival on the pediatric heart transplantation waiting list in patients classified as Intermacs 1 and 2.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Coração Auxiliar , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 29(3): 322-9, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25372904

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiac transplantation remains the gold standard for end-stage cardiomyopathies and congenital heart defects in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to report on 20 years of experience since the first case and evaluate our results. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the database and outpatient follow-up. Between October 1992 and April 2012, 109 patients underwent 114 transplants. 51.8% of them being female. The age of patients ranged from 12 days to 21 years with a mean of 8.8±5.7 years and a median of 5.2 years. The underlying diagnosis was dilated cardiomyopathy in 61.5%, congenital heart disease in 26.6% and restrictive cardiomyopathy in 11.9%. All patients above 17 years old had congenital heart disease. RESULTS: Survival rate at 30 days, 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 90.4%, 81.3%, 70.9%, 60.5%, 44.4% and 26.7%, respectively. Mean cold ischemic time was 187.9 minutes and it did not correlate with mortality (P>0.05). Infectious complications and rejection episodes were the most common complications (P<0.0001), occurring, respectively, in 66% and 57.4% of the survivors after 10 years. There was no incidence of graft vascular disease and lymphoproliferative disease at year one, but they affected, respectively, 7.4% and 11% of patients within 10 years. CONCLUSION: Twenty-year pediatric heart transplant results at our institution were quite satisfactory and complication rates were acceptable.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil , Causas de Morte , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(3): 322-329, Jul-Sep/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-727152

RESUMO

Introduction: Cardiac transplantation remains the gold standard for end-stage cardiomyopathies and congenital heart defects in pediatric patients. Objective: This study aims to report on 20 years of experience since the first case and evaluate our results. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the database and outpatient follow-up. Between October 1992 and April 2012, 109 patients underwent 114 transplants. 51.8% of them being female. The age of patients ranged from 12 days to 21 years with a mean of 8.8±5.7 years and a median of 5.2 years. The underlying diagnosis was dilated cardiomyopathy in 61.5%, congenital heart disease in 26.6% and restrictive cardiomyopathy in 11.9%. All patients above 17 years old had congenital heart disease. Results: Survival rate at 30 days, 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 90.4%, 81.3%, 70.9%, 60.5%, 44.4% and 26.7%, respectively. Mean cold ischemic time was 187.9 minutes and it did not correlate with mortality (P>0.05). Infectious complications and rejection episodes were the most common complications (P<0.0001), occurring, respectively, in 66% and 57.4% of the survivors after 10 years. There was no incidence of graft vascular disease and lymphoproliferative disease at year one, but they affected, respectively, 7.4% and 11% of patients within 10 years. Conclusion: Twenty-year pediatric heart transplant results at our institution were quite satisfactory and complication rates were acceptable. .


Introdução: O transplante cardíaco tem sido o tratamento de escolha para pacientes pediátricos portadores de miocardiopatias e portadores de cardiopatias congênitas em fase final da doença. Objetivo: Relatar a experiência de 20 anos do serviço e avaliar seus resultados. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo por meio de análise do banco de dados. Entre outubro de 1992 e abril de 2012, 109 pacientes foram submetidos a 114 transplantes. 51,8% eram do sexo feminino. A idade dos pacientes variou de 12 dias a 21 anos, com média de 8,8±5,7 anos e mediana de 5,2 anos. O diagnóstico de base dos pacientes foi de miocardiopatia dilatada em 61,5%, cardiopatias congênitas em 26,6% e miocardiopatia restritiva em 11,9%. Todos os pacientes entre 17 e 21 anos eram portadores de cardiopatias congênitas. Resultados: A sobrevida em 30 dias, 1, 5, 10, 15 e 20 anos foi de 90,4%, 81,3%, 70,9%, 60,5%, 44,4 e 26,7%, respectivamente. O tempo médio de isquemia do órgão transplantado foi de 187,9 minutos e não teve correlação com a mortalidade (P>0,05). Intercorrências infecciosas e rejeição foram as complicações mais incidentes (P<0,0001), atingindo 66 e 57,4% dos sobreviventes após 10 anos. A incidência de doença vascular do enxerto e doença linfoproliferativa foi zero no primeiro ano e atingiu, respectivamente, 7,4 e 11% dos pacientes em 10 anos. Conclusão: O Transplante Cardíaco neste grupo de pacientes pediátricos e portadores de cardiopatias congênitas pôde oferecer resultados satisfatórios, com uma taxa de complicações aceitável ao longo do seguimento. .


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil , Causas de Morte , Rejeição de Enxerto , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 28(4): 482-490, out.-dez. 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-703116

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: O aumento da atividade miocárdica da Glicose 6-Fosfato Desidrogenase tem sido demonstrado na insuficiência cardíaca. Este estudo avalia a atividade miocárdica da Glicose 6-Fosfato Desidrogenase no treinamento do ventrículo subpulmonar de cabras adultas. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizadas 18 cabras adultas, divididas em três grupos: convencional (bandagem fixa), sham e intermitente (bandagem ajustável; 12 horas diárias de sobrecarga). A sobrecarga sistólica (70% da pressão sistêmica) foi mantida durante quatro semanas. As avaliações hemodinâmica e ecocardiográfica foram realizadas durante todo o estudo. Depois de cumprido o protocolo, os animais foram mortos para avaliação morfológica e da atividade da Glicose 6-Fosfato Desidrogenase dos ventrículos. RESULTADOS: Apesar de haver sobrecarga sistólica proporcionalmente menor no ventrículo subpulmonar do grupo intermitente (P=0,001), ambos os grupos de estudo apresentaram aumento da massa muscular de magnitude similar. Os grupos intermitente e convencional apresentaram aumento da massa de 55,7% e 36,7% (P<0,05), respectivamente, em comparação ao grupo sham. O conteúdo de água do miocárdio não variou entre os grupos estudados (P=0,27). O ecocardiograma demonstrou maior aumento (37,2%) na espessura do ventrículo subpulmonar do grupo intermitente, em relação aos grupos sham e convencional (P<0,05). Foi observada maior atividade da Glicose 6-Fosfato Desidrogenase na hipertrofia miocárdica do ventrículo subpulmonar do grupo convencional, comparada aos grupos sham e intermitente (P=0,05). CONCLUSÃO: Ambos os grupos de treinamento ventricular desenvolveram hipertrofia ventricular, a despeito do menor tempo de sobrecarga sistólica no grupo intermitente. A maior atividade de Glicose 6-Fosfato Desidrogenase observada no grupo convencional pode refletir um desequilíbrio redox, com maior produção de fosfato de dinucleotídeo de nicotinamida e adenina e glutationa reduzida, um mecanismo importante da fisiopatologia da insuficiência cardíaca.


OBJECTIVE: Increased glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity has been demonstrated in heart failure. This study sought to assess myocardial glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in retraining of the subpulmonary ventricle of adult goats. METHODS: Eighteen adult goats were divided into three groups: traditional (fixed banding), sham, and intermittent (adjustable banding, daily 12-hour systolic overload). Systolic overload (70% of systemic pressure) was maintained during a 4-week period. Right ventricle, pulmonary artery and aortic pressures were measured throughout the study. All animals were submitted to echocardiographic and hemodynamic evaluations throughout the protocol. After the study period, the animals were killed for morphological and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity assessment. RESULTS: A 55.7% and 36.7% increase occurred in the intermittent and traditional right ventricle masses, respectively, when compared with the sham group (P<0.05), despite less exposure of intermittent group to systolic overload. No significant changes were observed in myocardial water content in the 3 groups (P=0.27). A 37.2% increase was found in right ventricle wall thickness of intermittent group, compared to sham and traditional groups (P<0.05). Right ventricle glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity was elevated in the traditional group, when compared to sham and intermittent groups (P=0.05). CONCLUSION: Both study groups have developed similar right ventricle hypertrophy, regardless less systolic overload exposure of intermittent group. Traditional systolic overload for adult subpulmonary ventricle retraining causes upregulation of myocardial glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. It may suggest that the undesirable "pathologic systolic overload" is influenced by activation of penthose pathway and cytosolic Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate availability. This altered energy substrate metabolism can elevate levels of free radicals by Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase, an important mechanism in the pathophysiology of heart failure.


Assuntos
Animais , Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/enzimologia , Miocárdio/enzimologia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Pressão Sanguínea , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metabolismo Energético , Cabras , Hemodinâmica , Ventrículos do Coração/enzimologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/enzimologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 40(5): 357-362, set.-out. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-698070

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: avaliar as taxas de mortalidade e morbidade de doentes submetidos à revascularização do miocárdio (RVM) com circulação extracorpórea (CEC) que utilizaram rotineiramente o ecocardiograma transesofágico intraoperatório (ETEio). MÉTODOS: estudo retrospectivo, observacional com avaliação de prontuários de 360 doentes no período entre abril de 2010 a abril de 2012. Foram analisados: idade, peso, altura sexo, EUROscore, diabete melito, fração de ejeção e artérias acometidas. Os desfechos foram compilados no intra e no pós-operatório (infarto do miocárdio, acidente vascular cerebral, disfunção renal, hemodiálise, fibrilação atrial, tempo de internação no centro de tratamento intensivo). RESULTADOS: foram incluídos 53 doentes, com 27 recebendo a monitoração. Foram excluídos 307 porque não foram operados pela mesma equipe cirúrgica. Os dois grupos foram homogêneos quanto a idade, peso e sexo, porém, a fração ejeção foi menor no grupo que recebeu o ecotransesofágico (G ETEio: 56,3%; G Não ETEio: 65,9% ± 11; p=0,01). Nos doentes em que não foi utilizado o ETEio, a mortalidade foi maior (G ETEio: 0% e G Não ETEio: 7,6%; p=0,01). Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos quanto à incidência de acidente vascular encefálico, infarto agudo do miocárdio, fibrilação atrial aguda e lesão renal. CONCLUSÃO: a utilização do ecocardiograma transesofágico intraoperatório em pacientes submetidos à revascularização do miocárdio, com circulação extracorpórea, diminuiu a mortalidade perioperatória; orientou quanto a utilização dos fármacos inotrópicos e vasodilatadores e contribuiu para uma melhor evolução dos doentes.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rates of mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) using routine intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (ITEE). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational review of medical records of 360 patients from April 2010 to April 2012. We analyzed: age, weight, height, gender, EuroSCORE, diabetes mellitus, ejection fraction and number of diseased vessels. Outcomes were compiled in intraoperative and postoperative (myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, hemodialysis, atrial fibrillation, length of stay in the intensive care unit). RESULTS: 53 patients were included, with 27 receiving monitoring; we excluded 307 individuals, as they were not operated by the same surgical team. The two groups were homogeneous for age, weight and gender. However, the ejection fraction was lower in the group submitted to ITEE (ITEE group 56.3% versus Non-ITEE group 65.9 ± 11%, p = 0.01). In patients not subjected to ITEE, mortality was higher (ITEE group 0% versus Non-ITEE group 7.6%, p = 0.01). There was no significant difference between groups as for the incidence of stroke, myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation and acute kidney injury. CONCLUSION: The use of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass decreased perioperative mortality, warranted the use of inotropic drugs and vasodilators and contributed to a better patient outcome.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Monitorização Intraoperatória , Fibrilação Atrial , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 40(5): 357-62, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24573582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rates of mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) using routine intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (ITEE). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational review of medical records of 360 patients from April 2010 to April 2012. We analyzed: age, weight, height, gender, EuroSCORE, diabetes mellitus, ejection fraction and number of diseased vessels. Outcomes were compiled in intraoperative and postoperative (myocardial infarction, stroke, renal failure, hemodialysis, atrial fibrillation, length of stay in the intensive care unit). RESULTS: 53 patients were included, with 27 receiving monitoring; we excluded 307 individuals, as they were not operated by the same surgical team. The two groups were homogeneous for age, weight and gender. However, the ejection fraction was lower in the group submitted to ITEE (ITEE group 56.3% versus Non-ITEE group 65.9 ± 11%, p = 0.01). In patients not subjected to ITEE, mortality was higher (ITEE group 0% versus Non-ITEE group 7.6%, p = 0.01). There was no significant difference between groups as for the incidence of stroke, myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation and acute kidney injury. CONCLUSION: The use of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass decreased perioperative mortality, warranted the use of inotropic drugs and vasodilators and contributed to a better patient outcome.


Assuntos
Ponte Cardiopulmonar , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Monitorização Intraoperatória , Fibrilação Atrial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 28(4): 482-90, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24598953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Increased glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity has been demonstrated in heart failure. This study sought to assess myocardial glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in retraining of the subpulmonary ventricle of adult goats. METHODS: Eighteen adult goats were divided into three groups: traditional (fixed banding), sham, and intermittent (adjustable banding, daily 12-hour systolic overload). Systolic overload (70% of systemic pressure) was maintained during a 4-week period. Right ventricle, pulmonary artery and aortic pressures were measured throughout the study. All animals were submitted to echocardiographic and hemodynamic evaluations throughout the protocol. After the study period, the animals were killed for morphological and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity assessment. RESULTS: A 55.7% and 36.7% increase occurred in the intermittent and traditional right ventricle masses, respectively, when compared with the sham group (P<0.05), despite less exposure of intermittent group to systolic overload. No significant changes were observed in myocardial water content in the 3 groups (P=0.27). A 37.2% increase was found in right ventricle wall thickness of intermittent group, compared to sham and traditional groups (P<0.05). Right ventricle glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity was elevated in the traditional group, when compared to sham and intermittent groups (P=0.05). CONCLUSION: Both study groups have developed similar right ventricle hypertrophy, regardless less systolic overload exposure of intermittent group. Traditional systolic overload for adult subpulmonary ventricle retraining causes upregulation of myocardial glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. It may suggest that the undesirable "pathologic systolic overload" is influenced by activation of penthose pathway and cytosolic Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate availability. This altered energy substrate metabolism can elevate levels of free radicals by Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase, an important mechanism in the pathophysiology of heart failure.


Assuntos
Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/enzimologia , Miocárdio/enzimologia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metabolismo Energético , Cabras , Ventrículos do Coração/enzimologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica , Hipertrofia Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/enzimologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
19.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 61(3): 347-350, maio-jun. 2011. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-588160

RESUMO

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Uma das cirurgias corretivas para a insuficiência aórtica congênita grave é a cirurgia de Ross. O ecocardiograma transesofágico intraoperatório é indispensável para uma boa avaliação cirúrgica. Além disso, é capaz de avaliar o perfil volêmico e a necessidade de se administrar drogas vasoativas ao longo da cirurgia. RELATO DO CASO: Adolescente de 15 anos apresentava insuficiência aórtica grave de origem congênita, programando-se correção cirúrgica pela técnica de Ross. No centro cirúrgico, o paciente foi monitorado com eletrocardiograma e oxímetro de pulso, recebendo pré-medicação com midazolam. Após a pré-medicação, puncionaram-se a artéria radial esquerda e a veia subclávia direita. A indução anestésica foi feita com etomidato, cisatracúrio e fentanil, e a manutenção anestésica com sevoflurano. A sonda do aparelho do ecocardiograma transesofágico foi introduzida imediatamente após a intubação traqueal e mostrava aumento do ventrículo esquerdo; insuficiência aórtica grave por falha de coaptação dos três folhetos; válvula pulmonar competente sem alterações anatômicas e fisiológicas. A cirurgia transcorreu sem intercorrências, com 120 minutos de circulação extracorpórea (CEC) e 8 horas de cirurgia. Imediatamente após a saída de CEC, o ecocardiograma transesofágico mostrava bom funcionamento tanto do auto como do homoenxerto, porém o ventrículo direito encontrava-se hipocontrátil, o que foi corrigido com bolus de milrinona, seguido de infusão contínua. O paciente foi encaminhado ao pós-operatório intubado, estável hemodinamicamente, com infusão de milrinona e nitroprussiato de sódio. CONCLUSÕES: Uma das técnicas de correção da insuficiência aórtica congênita é a cirurgia de Ross, em que o ecocardiograma transesofágico intraoperatório orienta o cirurgião de maneira precisa sobre o status fisiológico e anatômico dos enxertos vasculares.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ross procedure is one of the surgical procedures for correction of severe congenital aortic insufficiency. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is essential for optimal surgical evaluation. Furthermore, it is able to assess the blood volume profile and the need for administration of vasoactive drugs during surgery. CASE REPORT: This is a 15-year old teenager with severe congenital aortic insufficiency scheduled for corrective surgery with the Ross procedure. In the operating room, the patient was monitored with electrocardiography and pulse oximeter, and he was premedicated with midazolam. After the administration of premedication, the left radial artery and right subclavian vein were punctured. Anesthetic induction was accomplished with etomidate, cisatracurium, and fentanyl while maintenance was achieved with sevoflurane. The probe of the transesophageal echocardiography equipment was introduced immediately after tracheal intubation, showing increased left ventricle; severe aortic insufficiency due to coaptation failure of the three leaflets; and competent pulmonary valve without anatomical and physiological changes. Intercurrences were not observed during surgery, with 120 minutes of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and 8 hours of surgery. Immediately after removal from ECC the transesophageal echocardiography showed good function of both the auto- and homograft; however, the right ventricle presented hypocontractility, which was corrected with a bolus of milrinone followed by continuous infusion. The patient was transferred to the postanesthetic recovery unit intubated and hemodynamically stable with infusion of milrinone and sodium nitroprusside. CONCLUSIONS: Ross procedure is one of the techniques for correction of congenital aortic insufficiency in which transesophageal echocardiography guides the surgeon precisely on the physiological and anatomical status of vascular grafts.


JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: Una de las cirugías correctivas para la insuficiencia aórtica congénita grave es la cirugía de Ross. El ecocardiograma transesofágico intraoperatorio es indispensable para una buena evaluación quirúrgica. Además, es capaz de evaluar el perfil volémico y la necesidad de administrar fármacos vasoactivos durante la operación. RELATO DEL CASO: Adolescente de 15 años, que presentaba insuficiencia aórtica grave de origen congénito, citado para la corrección quirúrgica por la técnica de Ross. En quirófano, el paciente fue monitorizado con electrocardiograma y oxímetro de pulso, recibiendo premedicación con midazolan. Después de la premedicación, se puncionaron la arteria radial izquierda y la vena subclavia derecha. La inducción anestésica se hizo con etomidato, cisatracurio y fentanil, y el mantenimiento anestésico con sevoflurano. La sonda del aparato del ecocardiograma transesofágico fue introducida inmediatamente después de la intubación traqueal e indicaba aumento del ventrículo izquierdo; insuficiencia aórtica grave por falla de coaptación de las tres capas; válvula pulmonar competente sin alteraciones anatómicas y fisiológicas. La cirugía trascurrió sin intercurrencias, con 120 minutos de circulación extracorpórea (CEC), y 8 horas de cirugía. Inmediatamente después de la salida de CEC, el ecocardiograma transesofágico mostraba un buen funcionamiento tanto del auto como del homoinjerto, sin embargo, el ventrículo derecho estaba hipocontráctil, lo que fue corregido con un bolo de milrinona, seguido de infusión continua. El paciente fue derivado al postoperatorio intubado, estable hemodinámicamente, y con infusión de milrinona y nitroprusiato de sodio. CONCLUSIONES: Una de las técnicas de corrección de la insuficiencia aórtica congénita es la cirugía de Ross, en que el ecocardiograma transesofágico intraoperatorio orienta al cirujano de manera precisa sobre el status fisiológico y anatómico de los injertos vasculares.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Valva Pulmonar/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos
20.
Rev Bras Anestesiol ; 61(3): 344-50, 2011.
Artigo em Mul | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21596194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ross procedure is one of the surgical procedures for correction of severe congenital aortic insufficiency. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is essential for optimal surgical evaluation. Furthermore, it is able to assess the blood volume profile and the need for administration of vasoactive drugs during surgery. CASE REPORT: This is a 15-year old teenager with severe congenital aortic insufficiency scheduled for corrective surgery with the Ross procedure. In the operating room, the patient was monitored with electrocardiography and pulse oximeter, and he was premedicated with midazolam. After the administration of premedication, the left radial artery and right subclavian vein were punctured. Anesthetic induction was accomplished with etomidate, cisatracurium, and fentanyl while maintenance was achieved with sevoflurane. The probe of the transesophageal echocardiography equipment was introduced immediately after tracheal intubation, showing increased left ventricle; severe aortic insufficiency due to coaptation failure of the three leaflets; and competent pulmonary valve without anatomical and physiological changes. Intercurrences were not observed during surgery, with 120 minutes of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and 8 hours of surgery. Immediately after removal from ECC the transesophageal echocardiography showed good function of both the auto- and homograft; however, the right ventricle presented hypocontractility, which was corrected with a bolus of milrinone followed by continuous infusion. The patient was transferred to the postanesthetic recovery unit intubated and hemodynamically stable with infusion of milrinone and sodium nitroprusside. CONCLUSIONS: Ross procedure is one of the techniques for correction of congenital aortic insufficiency in which transesophageal echocardiography guides the surgeon precisely on the physiological and anatomical status of vascular grafts.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Valva Pulmonar/transplante , Adolescente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Humanos , Masculino
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