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Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(23): 13128-13135, 2021 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075977


Chiral metasurfaces patterned with L-shaped holes in a thin film of Dirac semimetal Cd3As2 are designed. The impact of temperature T on circular conversion dichroism, mainly characterized by circular polarization differential transmittance (CPDT), is studied by rigorous coupled-wave analysis. The results show that decreasing T will give rise to the appearance of much more narrow CPDT peaks and dips, and the maximum differential transmittance between two opposite circularly polarized light can reach above 0.60 by optimizing the structural parameters at 80 K. As the T increases, the differential transmittance gradually decreases, and the CPDT peak and dip values exhibit variation tendencies of 'Z' and 'S' types, respectively. Two simple formulae of CPDT extreme values with respect to T are derived, predicting that the decreasing tendency will reach saturation when T ≥ 500 K. Differing from the wavelength-independent variation trend of differential transmittance, CPDT extremum positions mainly show a blueshift (redshift) tendency at the wavelength λ > 10 µm (λ < 5 µm) as the T increases. Moreover, evolutions of CPDT with various factors including the thickness of Cd3As2, incident and azimuth angles are also clearly unveiled.

Light Sci Appl ; 10(1): 5, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402668


Nanophotonic resonators can confine light to deep-subwavelength volumes with highly enhanced near-field intensity and therefore are widely used for surface-enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy in various molecular sensing applications. The enhanced signal is mainly contributed by molecules in photonic hot spots, which are regions of a nanophotonic structure with high-field intensity. Therefore, delivery of the majority of, if not all, analyte molecules to hot spots is crucial for fully utilizing the sensing capability of an optical sensor. However, for most optical sensors, simple and straightforward methods of introducing an aqueous analyte to the device, such as applying droplets or spin-coating, cannot achieve targeted delivery of analyte molecules to hot spots. Instead, analyte molecules are usually distributed across the entire device surface, so the majority of the molecules do not experience enhanced field intensity. Here, we present a nanophotonic sensor design with passive molecule trapping functionality. When an analyte solution droplet is introduced to the sensor surface and gradually evaporates, the device structure can effectively trap most precipitated analyte molecules in its hot spots, significantly enhancing the sensor spectral response and sensitivity performance. Specifically, our sensors produce a reflection change of a few percentage points in response to trace amounts of the amino-acid proline or glucose precipitate with a picogram-level mass, which is significantly less than the mass of a molecular monolayer covering the same measurement area. The demonstrated strategy for designing optical sensor structures may also be applied to sensing nano-particles such as exosomes, viruses, and quantum dots.

Opt Lett ; 42(17): 3387-3390, 2017 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28957111


Plasmonic dark modes are not easy to be observed in the far field due to their weak photon emission. By contrast, it has been shown that a dark mode can be excited effectively by a near-field source such as an electron beam. In this Letter, we show theoretically that the photon emission from the monopole-like dark mode supported on a plasmonic nano-disc could be unexpectedly strong when excited by an electron beam through its hole. Even though this monopole mode is considered to be dark, it is found that the emission can be even "brighter" than the dipolar bright modes when the electron speed is higher than 0.6c. Due to the high conversion efficiency from electron energy loss to photon energy, the results could also suggest an optical method for the detection of high-energy electrons passing through the hole with negligible changes in electron speed.