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2.
Front Neurol ; 10: 610, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263445

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate whether the presenting symptoms of VBD predict outcomes following endovascular treatment. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional clinical database and identified 22 patients (all men; mean age: 52.6 years, range: 11-73 years) with a diagnosis of VBD, who underwent endovascular treatment from January 2010 to December 2017. Results: After analyzing the clinical and imaging data, we evaluated data for 22 symptomatic patients with VBD. At the time of VBD diagnosis, 13 patients (59%) had compressive symptoms, four (18%) had hemorrhagic symptoms, and five (23%) had ischemic symptoms. Nine of the 22 patients (41%), who presented with hemorrhagic and ischemic symptoms, achieved a satisfactory clinical and/or digital subtraction angiography imaging outcome after endovascular treatment. However, of the 13 patients who presented with compressive symptoms, seven (54%, 7/13) died from severe brainstem compression during follow-up; furthermore, magnetic resonance imaging showed worsening of the mass effect in eight patients with compressive symptoms (62%, 8/13). Conclusions: VBD is considered a challenging lesion without an ideal treatment modality. Endovascular treatment of VBD in patients presenting with compressive symptoms at diagnosis may not be beneficial. However, long-term outcomes following endovascular treatment may be acceptable in patients with non-compressive symptoms at diagnosis compared with those with compressive symptoms.

3.
Front Neurol ; 10: 179, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915016

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the pipeline embolization device (PED) for the treatment of pediatric giant vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms (VBDAs). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional clinical database and identified 2,706 patients who presented with a diagnosis of intracranial aneurysms from January 2016 to June 2018. Among this group, 153 patients were diagnosed with VBDAs, and 54 of these patients underwent PED therapy. The PED technique was used in four patients who were 18 years old or younger at the time of presentation (two males, two females; mean age 9.25 years; age range 8-11 years). Results: All four included pediatric patients were managed with the PED. One patient (25%) was treated with the PED alone, while three (75%) were treated with the PED and coils. One patient died from brainstem infarction or compression of the brainstem, while follow-up of the other three patients revealed favorable outcomes. The mass effect was reduced in cases 1, 2, and 3 on follow-up MRI performed 6 months after the PED procedure. Conclusions: PEDs could be feasible in the treatment of pediatric giant VBDAs. However, the safety and efficacy of this method have not been clarified in this special pediatric population, and long-term follow-up is still necessary.

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