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1.
Inorg Chem ; 58(17): 11599-11605, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424206

RESUMO

The phase separation observed at low temperature (below circa 600 K) in the U1-yCeyO2-x system and for values of y between roughly 0.34 and 0.5 purportedly involves fluorite structures only. However, for y values above 0.5, an oxygen-deficient C-type bixbyite is also reported. In this work, the phase separation in U0.54Ce0.46O2-x has been reexamined using X-ray and neutron diffraction. Below a critical temperature, the existence of two fluorite related structures in the miscibility gap is confirmed: a stoichiometric U0.54Ce0.46O2 phase and an oxygen-deficient U0.54Ce0.46O2-x phase. Although the former is indeed a fluorite, we show that the other end-member phase has a C-type bixbyite structure. This would suggest that the oxygen-deficient phase can be described as a bixbyite over the entire cerium composition range.

2.
Inorg Chem ; 57(12): 7064-7076, 2018 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29862807

RESUMO

In hyper-stoichiometric uranium oxide, both neutron diffraction work and, more recently, theoretical analyses report the existence of clusters such as the 2:2:2 cluster, comprising two anion vacancies and two types of anion interstitials. However, little is known about whether there exists a region of low deviation-from-stoichiometry in which defects remain isolated, or indeed whether at high deviation-from-stoichiometry defect clusters prevail that contain more excess oxygen atoms than the di-interstitial cluster. In this study, we report pair distribution function (PDF) analyses of UO2 and UO2+ x ( x ≈ 0.007 and x ≈ 0.16) samples obtained from high-temperature in situ neutron scattering experiments. PDF refinement for the lower deviation from stoichiometry sample suggests the system is too dilute to differentiate between isolated defects and di-interstitial clusters. For the UO2.16 sample, several defect structures are tested, and it is found that the data are best represented assuming the presence of center-occupied cuboctahedra.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 100(4): 047401, 2008 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18352332

RESUMO

Polariton lasing is demonstrated on the zero-dimensional states of single GaAs/GaAlAs micropillar cavities. Under nonresonant excitation, the measured polariton ground-state occupancy is found as large as 10(4). Changing the spatial excitation conditions, competition between several polariton lasing modes is observed, ruling out Bose-Einstein condensation. When the polariton state occupancy increases, the emission blueshift is the signature of self-interaction within the half-light half-matter polariton lasing mode.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 99(21): 217404, 2007 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18233255

RESUMO

We show that we can measure the room temperature ultraweak absorption of a single buried semiconductor quantum dot. This is achieved by monitoring the deformation field induced by the absorption of midinfrared laser pulses and locally detected with an atomic force microscope tip. The absorption is spectrally and spatially resolved around lambda approximately 10 microm wavelength with 60 nm lateral resolution (lambda/150). The electronic S-D intersublevel absorption of a single quantum dot is identified around 120 meV and exhibits a homogeneous linewidth of approximately 10 meV at room temperature.

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