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1.
Urologia ; : 3915603211049889, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed neoplasm in men. From the introduction of PSA testing, an increasing number of men undergoes prostate biopsy (PBX). While the physical side effects of PBx have been well investigated, its psychological impact has been under-evaluated. AIM: The aim of our study is to investigate the presence of psychological distress (anxiety and depression) in patients waiting for histopathological results after prostate biopsy (PBx). METHODS: From February to April 2019, 51 consecutive patients undergoing prostate biopsies at our institution were included. Age, PSA, DRE, familiarity for prostate cancer, number of previous biopsies, type of anesthesia, number of cores were recorded. All patients filled the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), a psychometric Likert-scale questionnaire, before receiving the histopathological results of their PBx. RESULTS: The prevalence of psychological distress among patients awaiting histopathologic results is 41% (21/51 patients), with anxiety being the main component of their distress. On multivariate analysis, PSA, family history, and repeat biopsy were significantly associated with anxiety and depression. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing PBx experience a burden of psychological distress waiting for histopathologic results, especially anxiety. Appropriate counseling should be offered to patients at high risk of developing psychological distress after PBx. Future goals would include technological improvements to shorten the time between biopsy and definitive results.

2.
J Endourol ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34579555

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To summarize the scientific literature published on new robotic surgical platforms with potential use in the urological field, reviewing their evolution since presentation until the present day. Our goal is to describe the current characteristics and possible prospects for these platforms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A non-systematic search of the PubMed, Cochrane library's Central, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Scopus databases was conducted to identify scientific literature about new robotic platforms, other than the Da Vinci® system, reviewing their evolution from inception until December 2020. Only English language publications were included. The following keywords were used "new robotic platforms", "Revo-I robot", "Versius robot", "Senhance robot". All relevant English-language original studies were analyzed by one author (R.F.) and summarized after discussion with an independent third party (EM, SY, SP, MA). RESULTS: Since 1995, Intuitive Surgical, Inc., with the Da Vinci® surgical system, is the leading company on the robotic surgical market. However, Revo-I®, Versius®, and Senhance® are the other three platforms that recently appeared on the market with available articles published in peer-reviewed journals. Among these three new surgical systems, the Senhance® robot has the most substantial scientific proof of its capacity to perform minimally invasive urological surgery and as such, it might become a contender of the Da Vinci® robot. CONCLUSIONS: The Da Vinci® surgical platform has allowed the diffusion of robotic surgery worldwide and showed the different advantages of this type of technique. However, its use has some drawbacks, especially its price. New robotic platforms characterized by unique features are under development. Of note, they might be less expensive compared to the Da Vinci® robotic system. We found that these new platforms are still at the beginning of their technical and scientific validation. However, the Senhance® robot is in a more advanced stage, with clinical studies supporting its full implementation.

4.
Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg ; 16(8): 1393-1401, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34224068

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We present the validation of PROST, a robotic device for prostate biopsy. PROST is designed to minimize human error by introducing some autonomy in the execution of the key steps of the procedure, i.e., target selection, image fusion and needle positioning. The robot allows executing a targeted biopsy through ultrasound (US) guidance and fusion with magnetic resonance (MR) images, where the target was defined. METHODS: PROST is a parallel robot with 4 degrees of freedom (DOF) to orient the needle and 1 DOF to rotate the US probe. We reached a calibration error of less than 2 mm, computed as the difference between the needle positioning in robot coordinates and in the US image. The autonomy of the robot is given by the image analysis software, which employs deep learning techniques, the integrated image fusion algorithms and automatic computation of the needle trajectory. For safety reasons, the insertion of the needle is assigned to the doctor. RESULTS: System performance was evaluated in terms of positioning accuracy. Tests were performed on a 3D printed object with nine 2-mm spherical targets and on an anatomical commercial phantom that simulates human prostate with three lesions and the surrounding structures. The average accuracy reached in the laboratory experiments was [Formula: see text] in the first test and [Formula: see text] in the second test. CONCLUSIONS: We introduced a first prototype of a prostate biopsy robot that has the potential to increase the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer and, by including some level of autonomy, to simplify the procedure, to reduce human errors and shorten training time. The use of a robot for the biopsy of the prostate will create the possibility to include also a treatment, such as focal ablation, to be delivered through the same system.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Robótica/métodos , Software , Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Imagens de Fantasmas , Projetos Piloto , Ultrassonografia
5.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of warm ischemia time (WIT) on renal functional recovery remains controversial. We examined the length of WIT >30 min. on the long-term renal function following on-clamp partial nephrectomy (PN). METHODS: Data from 23 centers for patients undergoing on-clamp PN between 2000 and 2018 were analyzed. We included patients with two kidneys, single tumor, cT1, minimum 1-year followup, and preoperative eGFR ≥60 ml/min/1.73m2. Patients were divided into two groups according to WIT length: group Ⅰ "WIT ≤30 min." and group Ⅱ "WIT >30 min.". A propensity-score matched analysis (1:1 match) was performed to eliminate potential confounding factors between groups. We compared eGFR values, eGFR (%) preservation, eGFR decline, events of chronic kidney disease (CKD) upgrading, and CKD-free progression rates between both groups. Cox regression analysis evaluated WIT impact on upgrading of CKD stages. RESULTS: The primary cohort consisted of 3526 patients: group Ⅰ (n=2868) and group Ⅱ (n=658). After matching the final cohort consisted of 344 patients in each group. At last followup, there were no significant differences in median eGFR values at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years (P>0.05) between the matched groups. In addition, the median eGFR (%) preservation and absolute eGFR change were similar (89% in group Ⅰ vs. 87% in group Ⅱ, p=0.638) and (-10 in group Ⅰ vs. -11 in group Ⅱ, p=0.577), respectively. The 5 years new-onset CKD-free progression rates were comparable in the non-matched groups (79% in group Ⅰ vs. 81% in group Ⅱ, log-rank, p=0.763) and the matched groups (78.8% in group Ⅰ vs. 76.3% in group Ⅱ, log-rank, p=0.905). Univariable Cox regression analysis showed that WIT >30 min. was not a predictor of overall CKD upgrading (HR:0.953, 95%CI 0.829-1.094, p=0.764) nor upgrading into CKD stage ≥Ⅲ (HR:0.972, 95%CI 0.805-1.173, p=0.764). Retrospective design is a limitation of our study. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis based on a large multicenter international cohort study suggests that WIT length during PN has no effect on the long-term renal function outcomes in patients having two kidneys and preoperative eGFR ≥60 ml/min/1.73m2.

6.
Acta Biomed ; 92(S1): e2021086, 2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33944853

RESUMO

Patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD), specially with indwelling bladder catheter (iBC), have an increased risk of developing bladder stones, incomplete bladder emptying, recurrent urinary tract infections, sepsis, urethral trauma and bladder cancer. We present the case of a patient with a large bladder stone in iatrogenic NLUTD treated with iBC for about 30 years, who underwent a cystectomy followed by several life-threatening complications.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Bexiga Urinária , Cateteres de Demora/efeitos adversos , Cistectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Uretra , Cateterismo Urinário/efeitos adversos
7.
Urologia ; : 3915603211018441, 2021 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024222

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of the microbiological profile and of disease-related factors in the management of patients affected with Fournier's gangrene (FG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data regarding patients admitted for FG at nine Italian Hospitals (March 2007-June 2018) were collected. Patients were stratified according to the number of microorganisms documented: Group A - one microorganism; Group B - two microorganisms; Group C - more than three microorganisms. Baseline blood tests, dedicated scoring systems, predisposing risk factors, disease's features, management and post-operative course were analyzed. UpSet technique for visualizing set intersections in a matrix layout and Cuzick's nonparametric test for trend across ordered groups were used. RESULTS: Eighty-one patients were available for the analysis: 18 included in Group A, 32 in Group B, 31 in Group C. The most common microorganism isolated was Escherichia coli. In Group B-C, Escherichia coli was often associated to Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Statistically significant positive association was highlighted among the number of pathogens (Group A vs B vs C) and serum C-reactive Protein (p < 0.001), procalcitonin (p = 0.02) and creatinine (p = 0.03). Scoring systems were associated with the number of microorganisms detected (p < 0.02). A significant association between the number of microorganisms and the use of VAC therapy and need of a fecal diversion was found (p < 0.02). The number of microorganisms was positively associated with the length of stay (LOS) (p = 0.02). Ten weeks after initial debridement, wound closure was achieved in 11 (91.7%), 22 (84.6%) and 20 (80%) patients in Group A, B, and C, respectively, with no differences in overall survival. CONCLUSION: Polymicrobial infections in FG are positively associated with inflammatory scores, the need for fecal diversion and the LOS. This results may help the counseling and the clinical management of this rare niche of patients.

8.
Eur Urol ; 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) involves a tradeoff between oncological control and functional outcomes. Intraoperative control of surgical margins (SMs) may help in ensuring the safety of the dissection. Fluorescence confocal microscopy (FCM) is an effective method for interpretation of prostate tissue and provides digital images with an appearance similar to hematoxylin-eosin staining. OBJECTIVE: To describe an alternative technique to NeuroSAFE for intraoperative evaluation of neurovascular-adjacent margins shaved from ex vivo specimens using FCM analysis. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a prospective study of 24 patients undergoing RARP with intraoperative FCM control of margin status. SURGICAL PROCEDURE: After surgical dissection, SMs are sectioned from the fresh prostate using the Mohs technique (shaving): three slices from the apex and the right and left posterolateral aspects are obtained. Digital images of the shavings are immediately acquired via FCM and shared with a remote pathologist. In the case of a positive SM, a focal secondary resection of the bundle can be performed owing to the ability of FCM to locate a region of interest on the flat sample. MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome measure was the rate of negative margins at neurovascular-adjacent sites. Oncological and functional outcomes for patients with 1 yr of follow-up are also reported. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: All patients had negative SMs in shavings from neurovascular-adjacent areas at final histopathology; four underwent a secondary resection with final conversion to negative SM status. Nine of ten patients with 1-yr follow-up are free of biochemical recurrence (prostate-specific antigen persistence in one pN1 case), nine are fully continent, and four of the five with preoperative potency have recovered their sexual function. CONCLUSIONS: Digital frozen sections with FCM during RARP may represent an alternative to NeuroSAFE for possible optimization of functional outcomes without compromising oncological safety. PATIENT SUMMARY: We developed a technique to ensure complete removal of cancer tissue during surgical removal of the prostate. Tissue specimens are examined via digital microscopy in real time during the operation. This allows the surgeon to remove more tissue if cancer is detected at the margins of a specimen, while avoiding unnecessary removal of healthy tissue.

9.
Transl Androl Urol ; 10(3): 1569-1580, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33850791

RESUMO

Fluorescence confocal microscopy (FCM) is an optical imaging technique providing digital microscopical images of fresh tissue in a real time fashion, without conventional processing. FCM has been widely applied in several fields of dermatology, including the detection of basal cell carcinoma and of cutaneous inflammatory diseases. The aim of the paper is to provide an overview of FCM applications in the field of prostate tissue interpretation and prostate cancer (PCa) detection. A Literature search (PubMed & Web of Science) was performed to identify articles concerned with the clinical and surgical applications of FCM in prostatic and periprostatic tissues interpretation. Overall, six articles were identified. All articles investigated the level of agreement between FCM and conventional histopathological analysis (hematoxylin-eosin, HE) for the discrimination between normal and PCa tissues. An investigative article on prostate samples retrieved from radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens and an atlas of FCM digital images from the same series were found. Two prospective clinical trials, comparing FCM and HE, pointed out a "substantial" to "almost perfect" discriminative performance of FCM for the diagnosis of PCa on prostate biopsy core. Finally, two studies investigated the intra-operative role of FCM during RP for the control of surgical dissection. In this setting, FCM could be used to analyse samples retrieved from suspicious peri-prostatic areas; FCM has also been tested for an en-face evaluation of flat slices obtained from the systematic sampling of the posterolateral aspects of the prostate, in a NeuroSAFE-like approach. Generally, FCM provides digital microscopical images of fresh tissue in a real time fashion, without requiring conventional processing. Currently, available studies confirmed a high concordance with conventional pathology for the detection of PCa. Further studies are required to validate the technology, to evaluate ISUP score attribution and to implement the fields of application of FCM for the treatment of prostate diseases.

11.
Arch Esp Urol ; 74(2): 254-260, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of prostatic artery embolization in the management of LUTS secondary to BPH in elderly patients unfit for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 17 elderly patients with moderate to severe LUTS/BPH were included in the study and treated with prostatic artery embolization. The patients were evaluated by transrectal ultrasonography (to assess prostate size), IPSS, and PVR urine volume preoperatively and 6 months after the procedure. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 76.67 ± 7.69. The mean prostate volume was 139.8 ± 81.83 g. The mean preoperative IPSS and PVR were 23 ± 5.4, and 94.43 ± 88.94 ml, respectively. The mean operative time was 90 minutes. Only three patients suffered from postoperative complications (two patients suffered from urinary tract infection and one patient had partial penile necrosis). At 6 months follow up, there was a significant reduction in the prostate volume (101 ± 73.65 cc), IPSS (12.5 ± 3.65), and PVR urine volume (48.64 ± 43.55). CONCLUSION: prostatic artery embolization is a safe and effective nonsurgical alternative treatment of BPH/LUTS particularly in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior , Hiperplasia Prostática , Idoso , Artérias , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/terapia , Masculino , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicações , Hiperplasia Prostática/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Green Light laser enucleation of the prostate (GreenLEP) is an endoscopic treatment to treat bladder outlet obstruction in men with large prostate (>100 cc). Herein, we describe our GreenLEP series and describe its safety and efficacy. METHODS: Between February 2014 and April 2019, 120 patients from a single center underwent en-bloc GreenLEP with early apical release. All procedures were performed with the AMS XPS laser generator (set: 120 W for vaporization and 20 W for coagulation). Morcellation was carried out with the Wolf Piranha morcellator. Data concerning the pre-, intra- and postoperative outcomes were prospectively collected. The follow-up data at 6, 12 months and at the last control were collected. RESULTS: The median age was 66.0 (IQR: 61.0-71.0) years; 37.5% of the patients were under antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy, 15.0% had indwelling catheter history. The median prostate volume and the baseline PSA value were 98.5ml (IQR 83.0-130.0) and 4.2ng/ml (IQR: 3.2-6.8), respectively. The median operative and lasing time were 65.0 (IQR: 51.0-83.5) and 6.0 (IQR: 6.0-10.0) minutes, respectively. In the post-operative period 1 patient was transfused. The median follow-up was 18.0 (IQR: 12.0-39.5) months. All patients had significant improvement in terms of improvement of uroflowmetry [median from 9ml/sec (IQR 7.8, 11.0) to 20.0 (IQR 18.0, 22.0), p <0.001] and symptoms control [IPSS median score from 26.0ml/sec (IQR 22.0, 28.0) to 7.0 (IQR 6.0, 8.0), p <0.001]) over time. After 12 months 1 patient complained of stress incontinence (1 pad/day) and 1 of "de novo" wet urgency. CONCLUSIONS: En-bloc GreenLEP with early apical release is a safe and effective procedure even for large volume prostates. It allows us to limit the use of laser energy and shorten the operating times with stable and satisfactory long-term outcomes.

13.
Minerva Urol Nephrol ; 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The "VirtualBasket" technology is the result of pulse modulation during holmium laser emission: the laser emits part of the energy to create an initial bubble, and a second pulse is emitted when the vapor bubble is at its maximum expansion, so that it can pass through the previously created vapor channel. The aim of this study is to outline the outcomes of the "VirtualBasket" technology in ureteral and renal stones. METHODS: 160 Patients were randomly assigned to holmium laser lithotripsy with or without the "VirtualBasket" technology in ureteric or renal cases (40 per 4 groups). All procedures were performed by four experienced urologists. The Quanta System Cyber Ho 100W laser generator with 365 µm fibers was used for all of the ureteral cases, whereas, 272 µm fibers were used for all of the cases in the renal pelvis. Demographic data, stone parameters, perioperative complications and success rates were compared. A statistical analysis was carried out to assess patients data and outcomes. All of the reported p-values were obtained with the two-sided exact method at the conventional 5% significance level. The degree of stone retropulsion was graded on a Likert scale from zero (no retropulsion) to 3 (maximum retropulsion). RESULTS: All groups were comparable in terms of age, and pre-operative stone size (ureter stone size: 1.2 vs. 1.1 cm; renal pelvis stone size: 1.55 vs. 1.62 cm). Compared to the regular mode, the "VirtualBasket" technology was associated with significantly lower fragmentation time (mean time for ureteral stones: 20.4 vs. 16.1 minutes, p<0.05; mean time for renal stones: 28.7 vs. 19.8 minutes, p<0.05) and total procedural time (mean time for ureteral stones 49 vs. 35.7 minutes; mean time for renal stones 67.1 vs. 52.4 minutes). There were no significant differences in terms of energy delivered to the stones, intraoperative complications and success rate at 1 month. The "VirtualBasket" technology was associated with significantly lower retropulsion. CONCLUSIONS: The "VirtualBasket" technology is associated with significantly lower fragmentation and procedural times. The reduced fragmentation time is a result of the significantly lower retropulsion of the stones during laser lithotripsy, which improves stone fragmentation efficiency.

14.
Urologia ; : 3915603211001253, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an e-learning online event, created for supporting resident's training during the slowdown of surgical and clinical activities caused by COVID-19 pandemic. An overview of PubMed literature depicting the state of the art of urology residency in the COVID-19 era was performed as well, to contextualize the issue. METHODS: An online learning event for residents was set up at the beginning of the pandemic; the faculty consisted of experts in urology who provided on-line lectures and videos on surgical anatomy, procedures, updates in guidelines, technology, training. The audience was composed of 30-500 attendees from Italy, USA, India and Belgium. A questionnaire to analyze relevance, satisfaction and popularity of the lessons was mailed to 30 local residents. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: Almost all residents defined the web environment suitable to achieve the learning outcomes; the method, the number and the competence of the faculty were appropriate/excellent. Most of the younger residents (81.8%) stated their surgical knowledge would improve after the course; 72.7% declared they would take advantage into routine inpatients clinical activity. Nineteen more expert residents agreed that the course would improve their surgical knowledge and enhance their practical skills; almost all stated that the initiative would change their outpatients and inpatients practice. Overall, 44 articles available in PubMed have addressed the concern of urological learning and training during the pandemic from different standpoints; four of them considered residents' general perception towards web-based learning programs. CONCLUSIONS: The paper confirms residents' satisfaction with e-learning methods and, to our knowledge, is the first one focusing on a specific event promptly settled up at the beginning of the outbreak. Web-based educational experience developed during the pandemic may represent the very basis for the implementation of prospective on-site training and overall scientific update of future urologists.

15.
World J Urol ; 39(9): 3465-3471, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538866

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Telementoring is one of the applications of telemedicine capable of bringing highly experienced surgeons to areas lacking expertise. In the current study, we aimed to assess a novel telementoring application during the learning curve of transurethral enucleation of the prostate using bipolar energy (TUEB). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A telementoring system was developed by our engineering department. This application was used to mentor ten prospective cases of TUEB performed by an expert endourologist (novice to the TUEB). A questionnaire was filled by the operating surgeon and the mentor to provide subjective evaluation of the telementoring system. Finally, the outcomes of these patients were compared to a control group consisting of ten consecutive patients performed by the mentor. RESULTS: Ten consecutive TUEB were performed using this telementoring application. Delayed and interrupted connection were experienced in two and one patients, respectively; however, their effect was minor, and they did not compromise the safety of the procedure. None of the patients required conversion to conventional transurethral resection of the prostate. Only one patient in our series experienced grade IIIb complication. CONCLUSION: The telementoring application for TUEB is promising. It is a simple and low-cost tool that could be a feasible option to ensure patients' safety during the initial phase of the learning curve without time and locations constraints for both the mentor and the trainee; However, it should be mentioned that telementoring cannot yet replace the traditional surgical training with the mentor and trainee being in the operative room. Further studies are required to confirm the current results.

16.
Urologia ; 88(3): 190-193, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612088

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most frequent malignancy of the urinary tract. Recent studies demonstrated the role of aquaporins urothelial tumor cells (AQPs) as potential prognostic factor for tumor progression and invasion. In this study we investigated the AQP3 expression levels inside primary superficial (pTa) low grade bladder cancer, correlating with pathological parameters and clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed tumor samples of 66 patients with diagnosis of superficial urothelial (pTa) bladder cancer between 1997 and 2007. All patients underwent transurethral bladder resection (TURB) and immediate single instillation of mitomycin C. All tumors samples were blindly reviewed by two expert anatomopathologists and only pTa low grade urothelial bladder cancer were included. Cancer recurrence was defined as the detection of bladder lesions during follow-up cystoscopy. AQP3-immunoreactive areas detected at immunohistochemical analysis were classified as AQP3 positive. RESULTS: Of these 60.6% of patients was detected as negative for AQP3 expression. Forty-two patients develop cancer recurrence during follow-up with a mean progression free survival of 16.44 months. The absence of reaction for AQP3 was observed 56% (9/16) tumor grading G1 and 62% (31/50) tumor grading G2. No correlation was observed with sexual gender, grading of tumor differentiation, and recurrence of cancer disease. Kaplan-Meier curves of disease-free survival (DFS) showed a significant separation (p = 0.028) between patients AQP3-positive and AQP3-negative. It was observed a mean DFS of 23.83 and 14.43 months respectively in absence and presence of AQP3 expression. CONCLUSION: AQP3 expression is related to disease-free interval (DFI) and the absence of AQP3 expression correlates with a late relapse. The expression of AQP3 does not provide a reproducible quantitative aspect. AQP3 are not suitable to forecast tumor cell behavior but they perform a role as regulator for tumor cell homeostasis and for additional therapeutic developments.

17.
BMC Urol ; 21(1): 28, 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare clinical intra and early postoperative outcomes between conventional Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate using the Virtual Basket tool (VB-HoLEP) to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: This prospective randomized study enrolled consecutive patients with BPH, who were assigned to undergo either HoLEP (n = 100), or VB-HoLEP (n = 100). All patients were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively, with particular attention to catheterization time, operative time, blood loss, irrigation volume and hospital stay. We also evaluated the patients at 3 and 6 months after surgery and assessed maximum flow rate (Qmax), postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the Quality of Life score (QOLS). RESULTS: No significant differences in preoperative parameters between patients in each study arm were found. Compared to HoLEP, VB-HoLEP resulted in less hemoglobin decrease (2.54 vs. 1.12 g/dl, P = 0.03) and reduced operative time (57.33 ± 29.71 vs. 42.99 ± 18.51 min, P = 0.04). HoLEP and VB-HoLEP detrmined similar catheterization time (2.2 vs. 1.9 days, P = 0.45), irrigation volume (33.3 vs. 31.7 l, P = 0.69), and hospital stay (2.8 vs. 2.7 days, P = 0.21). During the 6-month follow-up no significant differences in IPSS, Qmax, PVR, and QOLS were demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: HoLEP and VB-HoLEP are both efficient and safe procedures for relieving lower urinary tract symptoms. VB-HoLEP was statistically superior to HoLEP in blood loss and operative time. However, procedures did not differ significantly in catheterization time, hospital stay, and irrigation volume. No significant differences were demonstrated in QOLS, IPSS, Qmax and PVR throughout the 6-month follow-up. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN72879639; date of registration: June 25th, 2015. Retrospectively registred.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Prostatectomia/métodos , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Urologia ; 88(3): 218-222, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550944

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has been declared as a pandemic in March 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Since then, this pandemic has dramatically affected the entire world, even radically influencing the way patients are framed at triage. Symptoms and tests in most cases lead to a correct diagnosis; however, error may be around the corner. CASE REPORT: A 60 years old patient was referred with weight loss, fatigue and mild fever for 3 weeks as he was working in a COVID-19 ward. After a positive swab and chest CT scan, he was admitted in the hospital and treated as mild COVID-19 patient. A CT scan performed after the patient was discharged revealed a renal lesion misidentified as a tumor then clarified to be an abscess which retrospectively appears to be the main cause of his symptoms. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should consider other life-threatening disease in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with similar symptoms to minimize mistakes and avoid further unnecessary investigations.


Assuntos
Abscesso Abdominal/diagnóstico , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Abscesso Abdominal/complicações , Abscesso Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Abdominal/cirurgia , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Anestesistas , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações do Diabetes , Drenagem , Fadiga/etiologia , Febre/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição Ocupacional , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Perda de Peso
19.
Res Rep Urol ; 13: 63-71, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33604311

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare reusable and disposable flexible ureteroscopes in terms of efficacy and safety for patients undergoing Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS). Patients and Methods: Patients with a renal stone eligible for RIRS were enrolled in this multicenter, randomized, clinical trial study. Patients were randomized into two groups: group A (90 patients) underwent RIRS with a reusable flexible ureteroscope and group B (90 patients) were treated with a disposable one. Results: The patients' demographics, stone features and pre-operative urine cultures were comparable between the groups. The Stone Free Rates (SFRs) were not significantly different (86.6% and 90.0% for group A and group B, respectively, p=0.11) and the mean cost for each procedure was comparable (2321 € in group A vs 2543 € in group B, p=0.09). However, the days of hospitalization and of antibiotic therapy were higher in group A (p ≤ 0.05). The overall complication rate in group A was 8.8% whilst in group B it was 3.3% (p ≤ 0.05); in particular, group A exhibited a greater number of major complications (Clavien score IIIa-V). The overall postoperative infection rate was 16.6% in group A and 3.3% in group B (p ≤ 0.05). Furthermore, none of the patients in group B developed urosepsis or had a positive blood culture, while 3 patients in group A did (p<0.05). Conclusion: The use of disposable ureteroscopes is characterized by significantly lower post-operative complications and infection rates, while having comparable costs and SFRs vis à vis reusable ureteroscopes. Clinical Trial Registration Number: ISRCTN92289221.

20.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The gold standard treatment for solitary medium-sized (1-2 cm) renal stones is not defined by recent guidelines, since management modalities including shockwave lithotripsy (SWL), retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) are recommended. Improved ability to predict patient outcomes would aid in patients' counseling and decision-making. OBJECTIVE: To develop a nomogram predicting treatment failure, based on preoperative clinical variables, to be used in the preplanning setting. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 2605 patients from 14 centers and carried out a multicenter retrospective analysis of 699 SWL, 1290 RIRS, and 616 PN L procedures performed as first-line treatment for 1-2-cm kidney stones. The variables evaluated included age, gender, previous renal surgery, body mass index, stone size, location, stone density, skin-to-stone distance, presence of urinary tract infections (UTIs), and hydronephrosis. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Multivariate logistic regression was fitted to predict treatment failure, defined as the presence of residual fragments >4 mm. A nomogram was developed based on the coefficients of the logit function. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: A total of 2431 (93.3%) patients were stone free; 174 (6.7%) treatment failures were recorded and considered the event to be predicted. On univariate analysis, type of procedure, preoperative hydronephrosis, stone density, stone location, and laterality turned out to be statistically significant. Skin-to-stone distance, UTIs, and previous renal surgery were predictors of failure on multivariate analysis. Each variable was given a score based on statistical relevance. The main limitation of the current study is its retrospective nature. CONCLUSIONS: This nomogram provides a prediction of treatment failure and need of reintervention for medium-sized kidney stones. External validation is needed to determine its reproducibility and validity. PATIENT SUMMARY: We developed a preoperative model of treatment outcomes for 1-2-cm kidney stones. Its application may assist urologists to counsel patients with regard to stone management modality.

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