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Med Princ Pract ; 29(1): 6-17, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158841


OBJECTIVE: This study aims to present the diagnostic characteristics of multimodal intraoperative monitoring (IOM) in spinal deformity surgery and to define and categorise the neuromonitoring events, as well as propose an algorithm of action. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 1,155 consecutive patients (807 female, 348 male) who underwent deformity correction using standardised perioperative care, cortical/cervical somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs), and upper/lower limb transcranial electrical motor evoked potential (MEPs) by a single surgeon. The mean age at surgery was 13.8 years (range 10-23.3). We categorised IOM events as true, transient true, and false positive or negative. Diagnostic performance criteria were calculated. RESULTS: The most common diagnosis was adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in 717 (62%) patients. We identified 3 true positive monitoring events occurring in 2 patients (0.17%), 8 transient true positive (0.69%), and 8 transient false positive events (0.69%). There were no false negative events and no patient had postoperative neurological complications. The multimodal IOM technique had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 99.3%, positive predictive value of 55.6%, and negative predictive value of 100%. Sensitivity was 100% for MEPs and multimodal monitoring compared to 20% for cortical or cervical SSEPs. The frequency of true or transient true positive events was higher (p = 0.07) in Scheuermann's kyphosis (3/91 patients, 3.3%) compared to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (6/717 patients, 0.84%). CONCLUSION: Multimodal IOM is highly sensitive and specific for spinal cord injury. This technique is reliable for the assessment of the condition of the spinal cord during major deformity surgery. We propose an algorithm of intraoperative action to allow close cooperation between the surgical, anaesthetic, and neurophysiology teams and to prevent neurological deficits.

Eur Spine J ; 26(8): 2103-2111, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27554347


PURPOSE: To compare measurements of motor evoked potential latency stimulated either magnetically (mMEP) or electrically (eMEP) and central motor conduction time (CMCT) made pre-operatively in conscious patients using transcranial and intra-operatively using electrical cortical stimulation before and after successful instrumentation for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: A group initially of 51 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis aged 12-19 years was evaluated pre-operatively in the outpatients' department with transcranial magnetic stimulation. The neurophysiological data were then compared statistically with intra-operative responses elicited by transcranial electrical stimulation both before and after successful surgical intervention. MEPs were measured as the cortically evoked compound action potentials of Abductor hallucis. Minimum F-waves were measured using conventional nerve conduction methods and the lower motor neuron conduction time was calculated and this was subtracted from MEP latency to give CMCT. RESULTS: Pre-operative testing was well tolerated in our paediatric/adolescent patients. No neurological injury occurred in any patient in this series. There was no significant difference in the values of mMEP and eMEP latencies seen pre-operatively in conscious patients and intra-operatively in patients under anaesthetic. The calculated quantities mCMCT and eCMCT showed the same statistical correlations as the quantities mMEP and eMEP latency. CONCLUSIONS: The congruency of mMEP and eMEP and of mCMCT and eCMCT suggests that these measurements may be used comparatively and semi-quantitatively for the comparison of pre-, intra-, and post-operative spinal cord function in spinal deformity surgery.

Potencial Evocado Motor , Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória/métodos , Assistência Perioperatória/métodos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Adolescente , Criança , Estimulação Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Escoliose/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem