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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36041065

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is common in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). TMJ arthritis can lead to orofacial symptoms, dysfunction and dentofacial deformity with negative impact on quality of life. Management involves interdisciplinary collaboration. No current recommendations exist to guide clinical management. OBJECTIVES: 1) To develop consensus-based interdisciplinary recommendations for management of orofacial manifestations of JIA. 2) To create a future research agenda related to management of TMJ arthritis in children with JIA. METHODS: The recommendations were developed using online surveying of relevant stakeholders, systematic literature review, evidence-informed generation of recommendations during two consensus-meetings, and Delphi study iterations involving external experts. The process included disciplines involved in the care of orofacial manifestations of JIA: Pediatric rheumatology, radiology, orthodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, orofacial pain specialists and pediatric dentistry. Recommendations were accepted if agreement was >80% during a final Delphi study. RESULTS: Three overarching management principles and 12 recommendations for interdisciplinary management of orofacial manifestations of JIA were outlined. The 12 recommendations pertained to: diagnosis (n=4), treatment of TMJ arthritis (active TMJ inflammation) (n=2), treatment of TMJ dysfunction and symptoms (n=3), treatment of arthritis-related dentofacial deformity (n=2), and other related aspects to JIA (n=1). Additionally, a future interdisciplinary research agenda was developed. CONCLUSIONS: These are the first interdisciplinary recommendations to guide clinical management of TMJ JIA. The 3 overarching principles and 12 recommendations fill an important gap in current clinical practice. They emphasize the importance of an interdisciplinary approach to diagnosis and management of orofacial manifestations of JIA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 36(1): 36-48, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35298574

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the short-term effects of a standardized first-line noninvasive approach (FL-A) including counseling and self-management strategies on pain, masticatory muscle tenderness, and awake bruxism in women with chronic temporomandibular disorder myalgia (mTMD) and to test whether patients' trait anxiety predicted their response to treatment. METHODS: FL-A was administered to 14 women with chronic mTMD (mean age ± SD = 33.8 ± 11.1 years; 8 with Graded Chronic Pain Scale [GCPS] grade I and 6 with grade II). Its effects on facial pain, masticatory muscle tenderness, and spontaneous awake bruxism episodes were evaluated using questionnaires, surface electromyography, and quantitative sensory testing. General linear models were used to test FL-A efficacy after 1 (T1) and 2 (T2) months. RESULTS: FL-A reduced pain (from baseline [T0] to T2, P = .010), the frequency of awake bruxism episodes (T0 to T1, P = .024), and their intensity by about 30% (T0 to T1, P < .001). Pressure pain thresholds at the masticatory muscle locations increased significantly from T0 to T2 (P < .001). Patients' trait anxiety decreased significantly from T0 to T2 (P = .030). Trait anxiety measured at baseline was not correlated with relative changes in pain (T0 to T2, P = .248). CONCLUSION: In the short term, FL-A reduces facial pain, masticatory muscle tenderness, and awake bruxism in women with chronic mTMD with low disability. A conservative management strategy should be prioritized for the initial management of these patients.


Assuntos
Bruxismo , Autogestão , Bruxismo/terapia , Aconselhamento , Feminino , Humanos , Mialgia/terapia , Vigília
3.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 36(1): 26-35, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35298573

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate how trait anxiety and stress jointly affect the sensory and jaw motor responses to a tonic orofacial nociceptive stimulus. METHODS: Orthodontic separators were placed between the first molars in 45 adults with low (n = 14), intermediate (n = 17), and high (n = 14) trait anxiety. Tooth pain, occlusal discomfort, tooth clenching (as a jaw motor behavior), and situational stress were measured three times a day for 5 days using visual analog scales. Mixed-effects regression models were used to evaluate the sensory and motor outcome measures. RESULTS: Pain, discomfort, and frequency of tooth-clenching trajectories were affected by trait anxiety (P = .007, P < .001, and P = .055, respectively) and stress (P < .001, P < .001, and P = .044, respectively). Individuals with high anxiety reported their highest pain (17.7 ± 2.9 mm) and discomfort (35.2 ± 4.1 mm) 24 hours earlier than those with low anxiety (pain: 15.9 ± 2.6 mm, discomfort: 28.8 ± 3.7 mm). Tooth clenching decreased progressively in response to the stimulus (P < .001). CONCLUSION: A tonic orofacial nociceptive stimulus triggers an avoidance jaw motor behavior. Both trait anxiety and situational stress heighten the sensory response to such a stimulus, but weakly affect the motor response to it.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Nociceptividade , Adulto , Humanos , Dor , Medição da Dor , Estresse Psicológico
4.
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil ; 35(5): 921-936, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) mostly suffer from muscle-related pain. Several conservative interventions have been suggested as treatments for TMD in the last years. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of rehabilitative approaches in reducing pain in patients with muscle-related TMD. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were systematically searched from inception until April 28th, 2021 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) presenting: patients with painful muscle-related TMD; rehabilitative approaches as interventions; placebo or sham treatment as comparisons; pain intensity, using visual analogue scale as outcome. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the overall effect on painful muscle-related TMD patients. PROSPERO registration number of this systematic review is CRD42021251904. RESULTS: Out of 1997 papers suitable for title/abstract screening, 189 articles were assessed for eligibility. Sixteen RCTs were included and most of them (n= 6, 37.5%) investigated the effects of the laser therapy. The meta-analysis revealed that rehabilitative interventions had a significant overall effect size (ES) of 1.44 (p< 0.0001) in decreasing pain in patients with muscle-related disorders. CONCLUSION: Findings of this systematic review with meta-analysis suggested that rehabilitative approaches might be effective in reducing pain in muscle-related TMD patients. However, the low number of RCTs evaluating conservative approaches might impair the synthesis of evidence regarding the different techniques, calling for caution in the interpretation of these results.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Músculos , Dor , Medição da Dor , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia
5.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 25(1): 96-102, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the dental and skeletal effects of intermaxillary elastics on the correction of mild Angle's Class II division 1 malocclusion with clear aligner treatment (CA) versus fixed multibracket (FMB) in growing patients. SETTINGS AND SAMPLE POPULATION: The study sample consisted of 49 consecutively patients (mean age ± SD 12.9 ± 1.7 years), 32 females and 17 males referred from the School of Orthodontics of the University of Bratislava Comenius (Slovakia). All patients were treated with a non-extraction orthodontic treatment, 25 with FMB and 24 with CA. METHODS: The cephalometric analysis was performed at the beginning (T0) and the end of the treatment (T1). The t test for unpaired data was carried out to compare cephalometric values at T0 and changes at T1-T0 between the two groups. The level of significance was set as P < .0035. RESULTS: The two groups showed no statistically significant differences (ANPg = -0.1°; P = .762) in the correction of the sagittal intermaxillary relation. The analysis of vertical skeletal changes showed no statistically significant effects on mandibular inclination (SN/MP = 0.1°; P = .840). The two treatments had a statistically significant and clinically relevant difference in controlling the inclination of the lower incisors (L1/GoGn = 4.8°, CAG = -0.5°± 3.9°; FMB = 4.3°± 5.8°; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Class II elastics combined with CA and FMB produce a similar correction on sagittal discrepancies in growing patients. CA presented a better control in the proclination of the lower incisors. CA and elastics might be a good alternative in the correction of mild Class II malocclusion in cases where a proclination of lower incisors is unwanted.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Cefalometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Mandíbula , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
J Oral Rehabil ; 49(4): 442-455, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Within physical therapy, manual therapy is known to be effective for managing temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, manual therapy is a broad term including different approaches applied to different body regions. AIMS: This is the first systematic review that aims to evaluate the effectiveness of manual therapy applied specifically to the craniomandibular structures (Cranio-Mandibular Manual Therapy [CMMT]) on pain and maximum mouth opening in people with TMD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This systematic review was developed based on a pre-determined published protocol which was prospectively registered with PROSPERO (CRD42019160213). A search of MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, ZETOC, Web of Science, SCOPUS, PEDro, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Best Evidence, EBM reviews-Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Index to Chiropractic Literature ChiroAccess and Google Scholar databases was conducted from inception until October 2020. Randomised controlled trials comparing the effect of CMMT on pain and maximum mouth opening versus other types of treatment in TMDs were included. Two reviewers independently screened articles for inclusion, extracted data, assessed risk of bias with the revised Cochrane risk of bias tool for randomised trials and evaluated the overall quality of evidence with the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations. RESULTS: A total of 2720 records were screened, of which only 6 (293 participants) satisfied the inclusion criteria. All studies showed some concerns in risk of bias, except for one, which was high risk of bias. The overall quality of evidence was very low for all outcomes because of high heterogeneity and small sample sizes. All studies showed a significant improvement in pain and maximum mouth opening for CMMT from baseline in the mid-term, but only two showed superiority compared to other interventions. Given the high heterogeneity and small sample sizes of the included studies, a quantitative synthesis was not performed. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: There is the need for future high methodology research investigating different manual therapy techniques applied to different regions and different populations (e.g., chronic versus acute TMD) to determine what is most effective for pain and maximum mouth opening in patients with TMDs.


Assuntos
Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Mandíbula , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia
7.
Zdr Varst ; 60(4): 210-220, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the frequency of patients' oral health problems and prevention needs among Slovenian and international dentists with the aim to validate the four oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) dimensions across six clinical dental fields in all World Health Organization (WHO) regions. METHODS: An anonymous electronic survey in the English language was designed using Qualtrics software. A probability sampling for Slovenia and a convenience sampling strategy for dentist recruitment was applied for 31 countries. Dentists engaged in six dental fields were asked to categorize their patients' oral health problems and prevention needs into the four OHRQoL dimensions (Oral Function, Orofacial Pain, Orofacial Appearance, and Psychosocial Impact). Proportions of patients' problems and prevention needs were calculated together with the significance of Slovenian and international dentists' differences based on dental fields and WHO regions. RESULTS: Dentists (n=1,580) from 32 countries completed the survey. There were 223 Slovenian dentists (females: 68%) with a mean age (SD) of 41 (10.6) years and 1,358 international dentists (females: 51%) with a mean age (SD) of 38 (10.4). Pain-related problems and prevention needs were the most prevalent among all six dental fields reported by dentists; Slovenian (37%) and 31 countries (45%). According to Cohen, differences between Slovenia, the broader European Region, and 31 countries were considered non-significant (<0.1). CONCLUSION: According to the dentists' responses, the frequency of patients' oral health problems and prevention needs are proportionate between Slovenia and 31 countries, regionally and globally. The four OHRQoL dimensions can be considered universal across all dental fields.

8.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(10): 1135-1143, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain experienced at teeth during orthodontic treatment varies largely over time, with the reasons for its interindividual variability being largely unknown: age, sex, clinical activations, psychosocial factors and genetic polymorphisms of candidate genes are putative factors that may account to explain this variability. We aimed to investigate the effect of clinical, demographic, psychological and genetic factors on pain levels experienced during fixed orthodontic treatment. METHODS: A convenience sample of 183 patients undergoing full-fixed orthodontic treatment were recruited. Participant's pain levels were assessed seven times over a three-day period via a smartphone app. Clinical, demographic and psychological data were collected via questionnaires. This included the Pain Catastrophising Scale (Child version), the Corah Dental Anxiety Scale and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory. Participants provided a DNA sample either in the form of blood or saliva, which were used for genotyping COMT gene rs6269, rs4680, rs4646310, NR3C1 gene rs2963155 and the HTR2A gene rs9316233. RESULTS: Bond ups had the greatest influence on perceived levels of pain experienced on teeth during orthodontic treatment, accounting for over 20% of total variance in pain response. High-pain responders had higher scores on pain catastrophising (magnification subscale). Self-reported pain during fixed orthodontic treatment was not influenced by sex, age, time into treatment, anxiety, nor by polymorphisms of COMT, HTR2A or NR3C1 genes. CONCLUSIONS: Pain on teeth resulting from orthodontic fixed appliances is stronger during bonds-up and in patients with high catastrophising scores. Demographics, type of clinical activations and the genetic polymorphisms investigated in this research had little or no impact on perceived pain levels.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Ansiedade/genética , Criança , Humanos , Dor/genética , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 165, 2021 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral Function, Orofacial Pain, Orofacial Appearance, and Psychosocial Impact are the four oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) dimensions (4D) or areas in which oral disorders impact pediatric patients. Using their dentists' assessment, the study aimed to evaluate whether pediatric dental patients' oral health concerns fit into the 4D of the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) construct. METHODS: Dentists who treat children from 32 countries and all WHO regions were selected from a web-based survey of 1580 international dentists. Dentists were asked if their pediatric patients with current or future oral health concerns fit into the 4D of the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) construct. Proportions of all pediatric patients' oral health problems and prevention needs were computed. FINDINGS: Data from 101 dentists treating children only and 523 dentists treating children and adults were included. For 90% of pediatric patients, their current oral health problems fit well in the four OHRQoL dimensions. For 91% of oral health problems they intended to prevent in the future were related to these dimensions as well. Both numbers increased to at least 96% when experts analyzed dentists´ explanations of why some oral health problems would not fit these four categories. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed the four fundamental components of dental patients, i.e., the four OHRQoL dimensions (Oral Function, Orofacial Pain, Orofacial Appearance, and Psychosocial Impact) are also applicable for pediatric patients, regardless of whether they have current or future oral health concerns, and should be considered when measuring OHRQoL in the pediatric dental patient population.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Dor Facial/epidemiologia , Dor Facial/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Organização Mundial da Saúde
10.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(7): 836-845, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33817818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since in children and adolescence prevalence is assessed mainly on self-reported or proxy-reported signs and symptoms; there is a need to develop a more comprehensive standardised process for the collection of clinical information and the diagnosis of TMD in these populations. OBJECTIVE: To develop new instruments and to adapt the diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD) for the evaluation of TMD in children and adolescents. METHOD: A modified Delphi method was used to seek international consensus among TMD experts. Fourteen clinicians and researchers in the field of oro-facial pain and TMD worldwide were invited to participate in a workshop initiated by the International Network for Orofacial Pain and Related Disorders Methodology (INfORM scientific network) at the General Session of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR, London 2018), as the first step in the Delphi process. Participants discussed the protocols required to make physical diagnoses included in the Axis I of the DC/TMD. Thereafter, nine experts in the field were added, and the first Delphi round was created. This survey included 60 statements for Axis I, and the experts were asked to respond to each statement on a five-item Likert scale ranging from 'Strongly disagree' to 'Strongly agree'. Consensus level was set at 80% agreement for the first round, and at 70% for the next. RESULTS: After three rounds of the Delphi process, a consensus among TMD experts was achieved and two adapted DC/TMD protocols for Axis I physical diagnoses for children and adolescents were developed. CONCLUSION: Through international consensus among TMD experts, this study adapted the Axis I of the DC/TMD for use in evaluating TMD in children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adolescente , Criança , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Humanos , Londres , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico
12.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 20(3): 101459, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The dimensions of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) Oral Function, Orofacial Pain, Orofacial Appearance, and Psychosocial Impact are the major areas where patients are impacted by oral diseases and dental interventions. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether dental patients' reasons to visit the dentist fit the 4 OHRQoL dimensions. METHODS: Dentists (N = 1580) from 32 countries participated in a web-based survey. For their patients with current oral health problems, dentists were asked whether these problems were related to teeth, mouth, and jaws' function, pain, appearance, or psychosocial impact or whether they do not fit the aforementioned 4 categories. Dentists were also asked about their patients who intended to prevent future oral health problems. For both patient groups, the proportions of oral health problems falling into the 4 OHRQoL dimensions were calculated. RESULTS: For every 100 dental patients with current oral health problems, 96 had problems related to teeth, mouth, and jaws' function, pain, appearance, or psychosocial impact. For every 100 dental patients who wanted to prevent future oral health problems, 92 wanted to prevent problems related to these 4 OHRQoL dimensions. Both numbers increased to at least 98 of 100 patients when experts analyzed dentists' explanations of why some oral health problems would not fit the four dimension. For the remaining 2 of 100 patients, none of the dentist-provided explanations suggested evidence against the OHRQoL dimensions as the concepts that capture dental patients' suffering. CONCLUSION: Oral Function, Orofacial Pain, Orofacial Appearance, and Psychosocial Impact capture dental patients' oral health problems worldwide. These 4 OHRQoL dimensions offer a psychometrically sound and practical framework for patient care and research, identifying what is important to dental patients.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Odontólogos , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Organização Mundial da Saúde
13.
J Oral Rehabil ; 47(8): 923-929, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433776

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the smallest thickness that can be perceived between occluding teeth (occlusal tactile acuity, OTA) of temporomandibular disorder pain (TMD-P) patients with that of control (CTR) individuals. METHODS: Twenty TMD-P patients (17 women and 3 men, mean age: 31.3 ± 10.4 years) diagnosed according to the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) protocol and 20 age- and gender-matched controls (17 women and 3 men, mean age: 31.4 ± 10.5 years) were enrolled. The OTA was tested with 10 different thicknesses: 9 aluminium foils (8 µm-72 µm with a constant increment of 8 µm) and 1 sham test (without foil), each thickness being tested 10 times in random order (100 tests in total). The participants were instructed to close their mouth once and to report whether they felt the foil between their molar teeth. A between-group comparison (TMD-P vs CTR) was performed for each testing thickness (analysis of variance for repeated measurements, with Bonferroni multiple correction) (P < .005). RESULTS: Significantly increased OTA was observed in the TMD-P group for the thicknesses between 8 µm and 40 µm, while no significant differences were found for the sham test and for the larger thicknesses tested (from 48 µm to 72 µm). CONCLUSIONS: TMD-pain subjects presented an increased OTA as compared to controls.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Dor Facial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor , Transtornos Somatoformes , Tato , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(3)2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150850

RESUMO

Background and objectives: The aim of the present paper is to use low-dose computed tomography (CT) to evaluate the changes in the midpalatal suture density in patients treated with rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and slow maxillary expansion (SME). Materials and Methods: Thirty patients (mean age 10.2 ± 1.2 years) were retrospectively selected from the existing sample of a previous study. For each patient, a low-dose computed tomography examination was performed before appliance placement (T0) and at the end of retention (T1), seven months later. Using the collected images, the midpalatal suture density was evaluated in six regions of interest. Results: No significant differences were found between the timepoints in the rapid maxillary expansion group. Three out of six regions of interest showed significant decreases between the timepoints in the slow maxillary expansion group. No significant differences were found in comparisons between the two groups. Conclusions: The midpalatal suture density showed no significant differences when rapid maxillary expansion groups were compared to slow maxillary expansion groups, suggesting that a similar rate of suture reorganization occurs despite different expansion protocols.


Assuntos
Suturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Palato Duro/diagnóstico por imagem , Densidade Óssea , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Cranio ; 38(6): 370-375, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30547719

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this cross-sectional epidemiologic study was to estimate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and oral parafunctions in Italian adolescents and to assess the associations between age, gender, oral habits, and TMD. Methods: Three hundred sixty-one adolescents, aged 14-18 years, were examined for TMDs according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD. Furthermore, oral habits were explored by means of a written questionnaire. Results: Almost one-third of the sample (27.4%) showed at least one TMD diagnosis, with myofascial pain being the most prevalent. Gum chewing was the most prevalent oral habit. The female gender and oral habits were significantly associated with TMD. Conclusion: TMD in adolescents, although lower than in adults, are significantly prevalent. General practitioners should include TMD screening methods in their routine dental examinations of adolescent patients. Adolescents should be instructed on how to avoid incorrect oral behaviors that might predispose them to the onset of TMD.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adolescente , Adulto , Goma de Mascar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia
17.
Eur J Orthod ; 42(5): 494-499, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain can discourage patients from seeking orthodontic treatment or compromise their compliance during therapy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of verbal and written information on orthodontic pain after fixed appliance placement. TRIAL DESIGN: Two-arm parallel design randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Healthy adolescents with permanent dentition enrolled for orthodontic treatment were assigned to the study or control group using computer-generated random lists and allocation concealment with sealed envelopes. Participants completed baseline questionnaires to assess anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Trait Version, Form X-2) and somatosensory amplification (Somatosensory Amplification Scale). Brackets were placed in the maxillary arch, from first molar to first molar, and an Australian archwire 0.012 inch was used for alignment. General verbal information on orthodontic treatment was given to all patients by the same clinician. Participants included in the study group received also detailed verbal instructions on orthodontic pain together with a take-home information leaflet by another clinician. Outcome included assessments of pain intensity with a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) on the day of appliance placement (Day 1, bedtime) and twice a day for the following 6 days (Day 2 to Day 7, morning, bedtime), and analgesic consumption. Participants, statistician, and clinicians who gave general verbal information on orthodontic treatment and instructions about how to score pain intensity were blinded to group assignment. RESULTS: Sixty patients were assigned to the study (n = 30, mean age: 15.4 ± 1.3 years) or control group (n = 30, mean age: 14.7 ± 3.2 years). At baseline, no significant between-group differences were present in terms of anxiety and somatosensory amplification. Orthodontic pain scores were significantly lower in the study group compared with the control one, at bedtime on Day 1 (P < 0.05) and in the morning of Day 2 (P < 0.01). No significant between-group differences were found in following measurements. Overall, analgesic consumption was significantly lower in study compared with the control (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: A combination of verbal and written information on orthodontic pain after placement of fixed appliances reduced patient's self-reported pain in the early stages. REGISTRATION: This study was not registered.


Assuntos
Percepção da Dor , Dor , Adolescente , Austrália , Criança , Humanos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos/efeitos adversos , Medição da Dor
18.
Sleep Med Rev ; 48: 101211, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605905

RESUMO

The clinical practice guidelines do not give precise indications on the use of mandibular advancement devices (MAD) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients when they suffer from temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of MADs on prevalence of TMD signs and symptoms in adult OSA patients. The study protocol was registered under the PROSPERO register and an electronic search was performed in several databases. All types of studies evaluating TMD prevalence on adult patients wearing MAD for OSA were included and independently evaluated by two investigators. The quality of evidence was evaluated using the grading of recommendations assessment, development and evaluation and the risk of bias by the risk of bias in non-randomized studies of interventions tool or the Cochrane collaboration's tool. For each study included, the difference in means and 95% CI was calculated between baseline and follow-up. Twelve studies were included. The meta-regression analysis showed that patients with pre-existing signs and symptoms of TMD do not experience significant exacerbation of symptoms using the MAD. The presence of TMD does not appear to be routine contraindication for the use of MAD used for the management of OSA.


Assuntos
Avanço Mandibular/instrumentação , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/terapia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/epidemiologia , Humanos
19.
J Oral Facial Pain Headache ; 33(4): 389­398, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247061

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate whether an international consensus exists among TMD experts regarding indications, performance, follow-up, and effectiveness of jaw exercises. METHODS: A questionnaire with 31 statements regarding jaw exercises was constructed. Fourteen international experts with some geographic dispersion were asked to participate in this Delphi study, and all accepted. The experts were asked to respond to the statements according to a 5-item verbal Likert scale that ranged from "strongly agree" to "strongly disagree." The experts could also leave free-text comments, which was encouraged. After the first round, the experts received a compilation of the other experts' earlier responses. Some statements were then rephrased and divided to clarify the essence of the statement. Subsequently, the experts were then asked to answer the questionnaire (32 statements) again for the second round. Consensus was set to 80% agreement or disagreement. RESULTS: There is consensus among TMD experts that jaw exercises are effective and can be recommended to patients with myalgia in the jaw muscles, restricted mouth opening capacity due to hyperactivity in the jaw closing muscles, and disc displacement without reduction. The patients should always be instructed in an individualized jaw exercise program and also receive both verbal advice and written information about the treatment modality. CONCLUSION: This Delphi study showed that there is an international consensus among TMD experts that jaw exercises are an effective treatment and can be recommended to patients with TMD pain and disturbed jaw function.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Mialgia
20.
J Oral Rehabil ; 46(8): 691-698, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993737

RESUMO

To evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder pain (TMD-pain), temporomandibular joint (TMJ) noises, oral behaviours in an Italian adult population sample, their possible association with gender, oral behaviours, self-reported facial trauma and orthodontic treatment. Subjects older than 18 years were recruited from general population in public spaces during their daily life. A specific questionnaire was developed to collect data on TMD-pain, TMJ noises, oral behaviours, orthodontic treatment and facial trauma. A total of 4299 subjects were included in the study. The most common symptom in the sample was TMJ clicking (30.7%), followed by TMD-pain (16.3%) and TMJ crepitus (10.3%). Oral behaviours were reported in 29% of the sample; 43.6% of the sample reported a previous or ongoing orthodontic treatment. TMD-pain and TMJ clicking were significantly associated to gender, oral behaviours and a positive history of previous facial trauma. Crepitus was significantly associated to oral behaviours, facial trauma and higher age. Ongoing orthodontic treatment was significantly associated to TMD-pain and TMJ sounds. In a general Italian adult population sample, TMD-pain is associated to female gender and is less prevalent than TMJ clicking. TMDs are associated to trauma and oral behaviours.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Adulto , Dor Facial , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Transtornos Somatoformes
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