Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 76
Filtrar
1.
J Clin Med ; 9(5)2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414075

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), aggravating the natural, post-operative, or post-interventional course of the underlying anomaly. The various CHDs differ substantially in characteristics, functionality, and clinical outcomes among each other and compared with other diseases with pulmonary hypertension. OBJECTIVE: To describe current management strategies and outcomes for adults with PH in relation to different types of CHD based on real-world data. METHODS AND RESULTS: COMPERA (Comparative, Prospective Registry of Newly Initiated Therapies for Pulmonary Hypertension) is a prospective, international PH registry comprising, at the time of data analysis, >8200 patients with various forms of PH. Here, we analyzed a subgroup of 680 patients with PH due to CHD, who were included between 2007 and 2018 in 49 specialized centers for PH and/or CHD located in 11 European countries. At enrollment, the patients´ median age was 44 years (67% female), and patients had either pre-tricuspid shunts, post-tricuspid shunts, complex CHD, congenital left heart or aortic disease, or miscellaneous other types of CHD. Upon inclusion, targeted therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) included endothelin receptor antagonists, PDE-5 inhibitors, prostacyclin analogues, and soluble guanylate cyclase stimulators. Eighty patients with Eisenmenger syndrome were treatment-naïve. While at inclusion the primary PAH treatment for the cohort was monotherapy (70% of patients), with 30% of the patients on combination therapy, after a median observation time of 45.3 months, the number of patients on combination therapy had increased significantly, to 50%. The use of oral anticoagulants or antiplatelets was dependent on the underlying diagnosis or comorbidities. In the entire COMPERA-CHD cohort, after follow-up and receiving targeted PAH therapy (n = 511), 91 patients died over the course of a 5-year follow up. The 5-year Kaplan-Meier survival estimate for CHD associated PH was significantly better than that for idiopathic PAH (76% vs. 54%; p < 0.001). Within the CHD associated PH group, survival estimates differed particularly depending on the underlying diagnosis and treatment status. CONCLUSIONS: In COMPERA-CHD, the overall survival of patients with CHD associated PH was dependent on the underlying diagnosis and treatment status, but was significantly better as than that for idiopathic PAH. Nevertheless, overall survival of patients with PAH due to CHD was still markedly reduced compared with survival of patients with other types of CHD, despite an increasing number of patients on PAH-targeted combination therapy.

2.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 57(6): 1038-1050, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364221

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A second paediatric report has been generated from the European Registry for Patients with Mechanical Circulatory Support (EUROMACS). The purpose of EUROMACS, which is operated by the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, is to gather data related to durable mechanical circulatory support for scientific purposes and to publish reports with respect to the course of mechanical circulatory support therapy. Since the first report issued, efforts to increase compliance and participation have been extended. Additionally, the data provided the opportunity to analyse patients of younger age and lower weight. METHODS: Participating hospitals contributed pre-, peri- and long-term postoperative data on mechanical circulatory support implants to the registry. Data for all implants in paediatric patients (≤19 years of age) performed from 1 January 2000 to 1 July 2019 were analysed. This report includes updates of patient characteristics, implant frequency, outcome (including mortality rates, transplants and recovery rates) as well as adverse events including neurological dysfunction, device malfunction, major infection and bleeding. RESULTS: Twenty-nine hospitals contributed 398 registered implants in 353 patients (150 female, 203 male) to the registry. The most frequent aetiology of heart failure was any form of cardiomyopathy (61%), followed by congenital heart disease and myocarditis (16.4% and 16.1%, respectively). Competing outcomes analysis revealed that a total of 80% survived to transplant or recovery or are ongoing; at the 2-year follow-up examination, 20% died while on support. At 12 months, 46.7% received transplants, 8.7% were weaned from their device and 18.5% died. The 3-month adverse events rate was 1.69 per patient-year for device malfunction including pump exchange, 0.48 for major bleeding, 0.64 for major infection and 0.78 for neurological events. CONCLUSIONS: The overall survival rate was 81.5% at 12 months following ventricular assist device implant. The comparison of survival rates of the early and later eras shows no significant difference. A focus on specific subgroups showed that survival was less in patients of younger age (<1 year of age) (P = 0.01) and lower weight (<20 kg) (P = 0.015). Transplant rates at 6 months continue to be low (33.2%) The fact that the EUROMACS registry is embedded within the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery Quality Improvement Programme offers opportunities to focus on improving outcomes.

3.
Pediatr Crit Care Med ; 21(6): e316-e324, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32343108

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in children with refractory cardiac arrest has been shown to improve survival, however, risk factors associated with mortality and neurologic impairments are not well defined. We analyzed our recent institutional experience with pediatric extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation to identify variables associated with survival and neurocognitive outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Pediatric cardiology and congenital heart surgery departments of a tertiary referral heart center. PATIENTS: Seventy-two consecutive children (median age, 0.3 yr [0.0-1.9 yr]) who underwent extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation at our institution during the study period from 2005 to 2016. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Median duration of resuscitation was 60 minutes (42-80 min) and median extracorporeal support duration was 5.4 days (2.2-7.9 d). Forty-three (59.7%) extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation events occurred during off-hours, however, neither duration of resuscitation (65 min [49-89 min] vs 51 min [35-80 min]; p = 0.16) nor survival (34.9% vs 37.9%; p = 0.81) differed significantly compared to working hours. Congenital heart disease was present in 84.7% of the patients. Survival to hospital discharge was 36.1%; younger age, higher lactate levels after resuscitation, acute kidney injury, renal replacement therapy, hepatic injury, and complexity of prior cardiothoracic surgical procedures were significantly associated with mortality. At mid-term follow-up (median, 4.1 yr [3.7-6.1 yr]), 22 patients (84.6% of discharge survivors) were still alive with 77.3% having a favorable neurologic outcome. High lactate levels, arrest location other than ICU, and requirement for renal replacement therapy were associated with unfavorable neurologic outcome. Interestingly, longer duration of resuscitation did not negatively impact survival or neurologic outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a valuable tool for the treatment of children with refractory cardiac arrest and a favorable neurologic outcome can be achieved in the majority of survivors even after prolonged resuscitation. Mortality after extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in postcardiac surgery children is associated with procedural complexity.

6.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(3): e13674, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198804

RESUMO

We aimed to review current literature on the discard rate of donor hearts offered to pediatric recipients and assess geographical differences. Consequences and ways to reduce the discard rate are discussed. A systemic review on published literature on pediatric transplantation published in English since 2010 was undertaken. Additionally, a survey was sent to international OPOs with the goal of incorporating responses from around the world providing a more global picture. Based on the literature review and survey, there is a remarkably wide range of discard and/or refusal for pediatric hearts offered for transplant, ranging between 18% and 57% with great geographic variation. The data suggest that that the overall refusal rate may have decreased over the last decade. Reasons for organ discard were difficult to identify from the available data. Although the refusal rate of pediatric donor hearts seems to be lower compared to that reported in adults, it is still as high as 57% with geographic variation.

7.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(3): e13665, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Donor organ acceptance practices vary among pediatric heart transplant professionals. We sought to understand what is known about the interactions between the "high-risk" recipient and the "marginal donor," and how donor risk scores can impact this discussion. METHODS: A systematic review of published literature on pediatric HTx was undertaken with the assistance of a medical librarian. Two authors independently assessed search results, and papers were reviewed for inclusion. RESULTS: We found that there are a large number of individual factors, and clusters of factors, that have been used to label individual recipients "high-risk" and individual donors "marginal." The terms "high-risk recipient" and "marginal donor" have been used broadly in the literature making it virtually impossible to make comparisons between publications. In general, the data support that patients who could be easily agreed to be "sicker recipients" are at more risk compared to those who are clearly "healthier," albeit still "sick enough" to need transplantation. Given this variability in the literature, we were unable to define how being a "high-risk" recipient interplays with accepting a "marginal donor." Existing risk scores are described, but none were felt to adequately predict outcomes from factors available at the time of offer acceptance. CONCLUSIONS: We could not determine what makes a donor "marginal," a recipient "high-risk," or how these factors interplay within the specific recipient-donor pair to determine outcomes. Until there are better risk scores predicting outcomes at the time of organ acceptance, programs should continue to evaluate each organ and recipient individually.

8.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(3): e13676, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart transplantation has become standard of care for pediatric patients with either end-stage heart failure or inoperable congenital heart defects. Despite increasing surgical complexity and overall volume, however, annual transplant rates remain largely unchanged. Data demonstrating pediatric donor heart refusal rates of 50% suggest optimizing donor utilization is critical. This review evaluated the impact of donor characteristics surrounding the time of death on pediatric heart transplant recipient outcomes. METHODS: An extensive literature review was performed to identify articles focused on donor characteristics surrounding the time of death and their impact on pediatric heart transplant recipient outcomes. RESULTS: Potential pediatric heart transplant recipient institutions commonly receive data from seven different donor death-related categories with which to determine organ acceptance: cause of death, need for CPR, serum troponin, inotrope exposure, projected donor ischemia time, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic results. Although DITs up to 8 hours have been reported with comparable recipient outcomes, most data support minimizing this period to <4 hours. CVA as a cause of death may be associated with decreased recipient survival but is rare in the pediatric population. Otherwise, however, in the setting of an acceptable donor heart with a normal echocardiogram, none of the other data categories surrounding donor death negatively impact pediatric heart transplant recipient survival. CONCLUSIONS: Echocardiographic evaluation is the most important donor clinical information following declaration of brain death provided to potential recipient institutions. Considering its relative importance, every effort should be made to allow direct image visualization.

9.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(3): e13671, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198830

RESUMO

Cardiac transplantation for children with end-stage cardiac disease with no other medical or surgical options is now standard. The number of children in need of cardiac transplant continues to exceed the number of donors considered "acceptable." Therefore, there is an urgent need to understand which recipients are in greatest need of transplant before becoming "too ill" and which "marginal" donors are acceptable in order to reduce waitlist mortality. This article reviewed primarily pediatric studies reported over the last 15 years on waitlist mortality around the world for the various subgroups of children awaiting heart transplant and discusses strategies to try to reduce the cardiac waitlist mortality.

10.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(3): e13679, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198844

RESUMO

Optimal management of pediatric cardiac donors is essential in order to maximize donor heart utilization and minimize the rate of discarded organs. This review was performed after a systematic literature review and gives a detailed overview on current practices and guidelines. The review focuses on optimal monitoring of pediatric donors, donor workup, hormonal replacement, and obliterating the adverse effects of brain death. The current evidence on catecholamine support and thyroid hormone replacement is also discussed. Recognizing and addressing this shall help in a standardized approach toward donor management and optimal utilization of pediatric heart donors organs.

11.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 39(4): 331-341, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088108

RESUMO

The number of potential pediatric heart transplant recipients continues to exceed the number of donors, and consequently the waitlist mortality remains significant. Despite this, around 40% of all donated organs are not used and are discarded. This document (62 authors from 53 institutions in 17 countries) evaluates factors responsible for discarding donor hearts and makes recommendations regarding donor heart acceptance. The aim of this statement is to ensure that no usable donor heart is discarded, waitlist mortality is reduced, and post-transplant survival is not adversely impacted.

12.
Pediatr Transplant ; 24(3): e13655, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985140

RESUMO

The high discard rate of pediatric donor hearts presents a major challenge for children awaiting heart transplantation. Recent literature identifies several factors that contribute to the disparities in pediatric donor heart usage, including regulatory oversight, the absence of guidelines on pediatric donor heart acceptance, and variation among transplant programs. However, a likely additional contributor to this issue are the behavioral factors influencing transplant team decisions in donor offer scenarios, a topic that has not yet been studied in detail. Behavioral economics and decision psychology provide an excellent foundation for investigating decision-making in the pediatric transplant setting, offering key insights into the behavior of transplant professionals. We conducted a systematic review of published literature in pediatric heart transplant related to behavioral economics and the psychology of decision-making. In this review, we draw on paradigms from these two domains in order to examine how existing aspects of the transplant environment, including regulatory oversight, programmatic variation, and allocation systems, may precipitate potential biases surrounding donor offer decisions. Recognizing how human decision behavior influences donor acceptance is a first step toward improving utilization of potentially viable pediatric donor hearts.

13.
Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag ; 10(1): 60-70, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973305

RESUMO

Therapeutic hypothermia during cardiac surgery has been widely used for neuroprotection and to attenuate the systemic inflammatory response due to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Experimental data suggest that cold-shock protein RNA-binding motif 3 (RBM3), which is induced in response to hypothermia, plays a key role in hypothermia-induced organ protection. To date, investigation on RBM3 has been performed exclusively in vitro or in animal models, and the detection and regulation of RBM3 in human blood has not been investigated until now. The aim of this study was to investigate the level of RBM3 protein and cytokine expression profile involved in the inflammatory response in patients with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery involving CPB and therapeutic hypothermia. A single-center prospective trial with 23 patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB was performed. RBM3 protein was quantified in blood serum samples collected from patients and healthy individuals employing a new developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cytokine levels were analyzed from dry blood spot samples using a Quanterix Simoa Immunoassay. For the first time, RBM3 protein was detected in blood samples of patients with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery. Hereby, RBM3 protein concentrations were significantly elevated in patients after cardiac surgery with CPB and mild hypothermia as compared with pre-surgery levels. Moreover, a complex immune reaction with significant induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8, IL-16, IL-18, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, CC-chemokine ligand [CCL]3, CCL4, intercellular adhesion molecule-1) in response to CPB was detected. Significantly elevated vascular endothelial growth factor and matrix metallopeptidase 3 concentrations reflecting ischemia/reperfusion-induced injury were observed 24 hours after weaning from CPB. The use of CPB is still associated with a complex inflammatory response. RBM3 protein is measurable in blood samples of patients with significantly higher concentrations after cardiac surgery with CPB and mild-to-moderate hypothermia. RBM3 is a new candidate as a biomarker for therapeutic hypothermia and a possible new therapeutic target for organ protection.

14.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 68(1): 59-67, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We routinely start cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for pediatric congenital heart surgery without homologous blood, due to circuit miniaturization, and blood-saving measures. Blood transfusion is applied if hemoglobin concentration falls under 8 g/dL, or it is postponed to after coming off bypass or after operation. How this strategy impacts on postoperative mortality and morbidity, in infants weighing ≤ 7 kg? METHODS: Six-hundred fifteen open-heart procedures performed from January 2014 to June 2018 were selected. One-hundred sixty-three patients (26.5%) were transfused on CPB (group 1), while 452 (73.5%) patients were not transfused on CPB (group 2). Operative risk and complexity were similar in both groups. Postoperative mortality and morbidity were compared. Multiple logistic regression was used to detect factors independently associated with outcome. RESULTS: Observed mortality in nontransfused group (0.7% = 3/452) was significantly lower than expected (4.2% = 19/452): p = 0.0007, and much lower than in transfused group (6.7% = 11/163): p < 0.0001. CPB transfusion (p = 0.001) was independently associated with mortality, either acting as the sole factor or in combination with the Society of Thoracic Surgeons morbidity score (p = 0.013). Patients not transfused during CPB required less frequently vasoactive inotropic drugs (p = 0.011) and duration of their mechanical ventilation was shorter (93 ± 134 hours) than for transfused patients (142 ± 170 hours): p = 0.0003. CPB transfusion was an independent determinant factor for morbidity (p = 0.05), together with body weight (p < 0.0001), vasoactive inotropic score (p < 0.0001), CPB duration (p = 0.001), and postoperative transfusion (p = 0.009). CONCLUSION: The strategy of transfusion-free CPB course, feasible in most patients ≤ 7kg, was associated with improved outcome. Asanguineous priming of CPB circuit should become standard, even in neonates and infants.

15.
Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 68(1): 30-37, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study reports midterm results of high-risk patients with hypoplastic left ventricle treated with initial bilateral pulmonary artery banding (PAB) before secondary Norwood procedure (NP). METHODS: Retrospective study of 17 patients admitted between July 2012 and February 2017 who underwent this treatment strategy because diagnosis or clinical status was associated with high risk for NP. Survival was compared with that of patients who underwent primary NP. RESULTS: Mean Aristotle comprehensive complexity score for NP would have been 19.7 ± 2.6. Risk factors included obstructed pulmonary venous return (n = 9), body weight < 2.5 kg (n = 7), total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (n = 3), and necrotizing enterocolitis (n = 1). Ten patients had a score ≥ 19.5. Early survival after PAB was 82.4% (14/17). NP was performed in 14 patients after improvement of clinical condition at a median age of 56 days and a weight ≥2,500 g. There was no 30-day mortality, but one interstage death. One patient died later after Glenn operation. One-year survival after primary PAB followed by NP was 70.6 ± 11.1%. During the same period, 35 patients with overall lower risk factors underwent primary NP; early postoperative survival and 1-year survival were 88.6 ± 5.4% and 68.6 ± 7.8%, respectively. There was no significant difference in survival between the two groups (p = 0.83) despite higher risk in the secondary Norwood group (p <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: PAB before NP in high-risk patients constituted salvage management. Primary PAB provided enough time for stabilization and control of most risk factors. It allowed midterm survival equivalent to the survival after primary NP in lower risk neonates.

16.
J Heart Lung Transplant ; 38(9): 879-901, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495407

RESUMO

The European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network is a registered, non-profit organization that strives to define and develop effective, innovative diagnostic methods and treatment options in all forms of pediatric pulmonary hypertensive vascular disease, including pulmonary hypertension (PH) associated with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, PH associated with congenital heart disease (CHD), persistent PH of the newborn, and related cardiac dysfunction. The executive writing group members conducted searches of the PubMed/MEDLINE bibliographic database (1990-2018) and held face-to-face and web-based meetings. Ten section task forces voted on the updated recommendations, based on the 2016 executive summary. Clinical trials, meta-analyses, guidelines, and other articles that include pediatric data were searched using the term "pulmonary hypertension" and other keywords. Class of recommendation (COR) and level of evidence (LOE) were assigned based on European Society of Cardiology/American Heart Association definitions and on pediatric data only, or on adult studies that included >10% children or studies that enrolled adults with CHD. New definitions by the World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension 2018 were included. We generated 10 tables with graded recommendations (COR/LOE). The topics include diagnosis/monitoring, genetics/biomarkers, cardiac catheterization, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance/chest computed tomography, associated forms of PH, intensive care unit/lung transplantation, and treatment of pediatric PH. For the first time, a set of specific recommendations on the management of PH in middle- and low-income regions was developed. Taken together, these executive, up-to-date guidelines provide a specific, comprehensive, detailed but practical framework for the optimal clinical care of children and young adults with PH.

17.
Pediatr Transplant ; 23(5): e13417, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081171

RESUMO

There is considerable variability in donor acceptance practices among adult heart transplant providers; however, pediatric data are lacking. The aim of this study was to assess donor acceptance practices among pediatric heart transplant professionals. The authors generated a survey to investigate clinicians' donor acceptance practices. This survey was distributed to all members of the ISHLT Pediatric Council in April 2018. A total of 130 providers responded from 17 different countries. There was a wide range of acceptable criteria for potential donors. These included optimal donor-to-recipient weight ratio (lower limit: 50%-150%, upper limit: 120%-350%), maximum donor age (25-75 years), and minimum acceptable left ventricular EF (30%-60%). Non-US centers demonstrated less restrictive donor selection criteria and were willing to accept older donors (50 vs 35 years, P < 0.001), greater size discrepancy (upper limit weight ratio 250% vs 200%, P = 0.009), and donors with a lower EF (45% vs 50%, P < 0.001). Recipient factors were most influential in the decision to accept marginal donors including recipients requiring ECMO support, ventilator support, and highly sensitized patients with a negative XM. However, programmatic factors impacted the decision to decline marginal donors including recent programmatic mortalities and concerns for programmatic restrictions from regulatory bodies. There is significant variation in donor acceptance practices among pediatric heart transplant professionals. Standardization of donor acceptance practices through the development of a consensus statement may help to improve donor utilization and reduce waitlist mortality.


Assuntos
Seleção do Doador/métodos , Transplante de Coração , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Criança , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Cytokine ; 122: 154018, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28411047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Corrective surgery for congenital heart defects is known to trigger a severe immune reaction. There has been extensive research on the effects of inflammation after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Interestingly, monocytes are observed to be non-responsive to stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) under these conditions, indicating a state of immunodepression, which lays the ground for second hit infections after cardiosurgery with CPB. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study was to analyze immunodepression after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass and to differentiate the effects of monocytic anergy on postoperative outcome. METHODS: In a prospective trial, we quantified the immune responses in 20 pediatric patients (median age 4.9months, range 2.3-38.2months; median weight 7.2kg, range 5.2-11.7kg) with congenital ventricular septal defect undergoing heart surgery with CPB. Ex vivo LPS-induced protein expression of IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-1Ra, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-17, TNF-α, and MCP-1 was measured before (T1), immediately after (T2) and 4h after (T3) cardiopulmonary bypass surgery using Luminex technology. RESULTS: The innate immune system responds to CPB with an almost complete depression of monocytic function. Inflammatory IL-12, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8 and IFN-y are completely suppressed. IL-10, IL-1Ra and MCP-1 are still produced during suppression with IL-1Ra being overly secreted during reversion. Suppression of TNF-α expression after LPS-stimulation correlates closely with longer mechanical ventilation time (r=-0.619, p=0.004). CONCLUSION: Cardiosurgery with CPB causes a state of immunodepression making pediatric patients more vulnerable to second hit infections. MCP-1, IL-10, and IL-1Ra play an important role in monocyte recovery, eventually permitting new therapeutic options for controlling immunodepression and inflammation. Standardized glucocorticoid therapy should be evaluated carefully for each individual patient.

19.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 55(5): 913-919, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Publications on the paediatric Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist device have revealed that low body weight <10 kg is a significant risk factor for mortality with children weighing <5 kg being at the highest risk. However, these studies are limited to implantation periods prior to 2011. Since then, progress has been made in the optimization of patient selection and management. This study investigated whether the survival of children weighing <10 kg supported with the EXCOR assist device has improved in recent years and sought to determine the risk factors for mortality. METHODS: The Berlin Heart EXCOR prospective registry (n = 1832) was retrospectively reviewed between 2000 and 2017 to compare the outcomes of different weight cohorts: A (<5 kg; n = 204), B (5-10 kg; n = 633) and C (>10 kg; n = 995) in different eras [era 1: January 2000-December 2012 (n = 1089) and era 2: January 2013-June 2017 (n = 743)]. RESULTS: Overall survival in groups A and B significantly increased from era 1 to era 2 (group A 51% vs 65%, P < 0.001; group B 74% vs 78%, P = 0.001), whereas it remained stable in group C (78% vs 73%). In era 2, the survival of group B was not significantly different from group C. On the multivariable analysis of children weighing <5 kg, congenital heart disease, preoperative extracorporeal life support and biventricular support were independently associated with increased mortality in era 1 [hazard ratio 2.04 (95% confidence interval 1.18-3.53); 2.44 (1.36-4.37) and 1.93 (1.11-3.34), respectively] but not in era 2. CONCLUSIONS: Paediatric EXCOR ventricular assist device therapy has significantly improved for patients weighing <10 kg. Withholding a ventricular assist device is not justified on the basis of the body weight alone.

20.
Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg ; 28(5): 789-796, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We analysed our 29-year experience of surgical repair of atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) to define risk factors for mortality and reoperation. METHODS: Between 1988 and 2017, 508 patients received AVSD repair in our institution; 359 patients underwent surgery for complete AVSD, 76 for intermediate AVSD and 73 for partial AVSD. The median age of the patients was 6.1 months (interquartile range 10.3 months), and the median weight was 5.6 kg (interquartile range 3.2 kg). The standard AVSD repair was performed using 2-patch technique (n = 347) and complete cleft closure (n = 496). The results were divided into 2 surgical eras (early era 1986-2004 and late era 2004-2017). Risk factors were analysed to determine the impact of patient age, weight, the presence of trisomy 21 and complex AVSD on mortality and reoperation rate. RESULTS: In-hospital mortality decreased from 10.2% (n = 26) in early surgical era to 1.6% (n = 4) in late surgical era (P < 0.001). Seventy-seven patients required reoperation. Freedom from reoperation was 84.4% after 25 years. The main indication for reoperation was left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (13.8%). The multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed reoperation of the left AV valve, early surgical era, patient age <3.0 months and complex AVSD to be independent risk factors for mortality. Age <3.0 months, complex AVSD and moderate/severe left AV valve regurgitation at discharge predicted reoperation. CONCLUSIONS: AVSD repair can be performed with low mortality and reoperation rate. Age <3 months, complex AVSD and moderate/severe regurgitation of the left AV valve at discharge were predictors for reoperation. Reoperation of the left AV valve was the strongest risk factor for mortality.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Previsões , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/diagnóstico , Defeitos dos Septos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA