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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150018

RESUMO

Collection of an adequate amount of autologous haematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPC) is required for ex vivo manipulation and successful engraftment for certain inherited disorders. Fifty-seven paediatric patients (age 0.5-11.4 years) underwent a bone marrow harvest for the purpose of HSPC gene therapy (GT), including adenosine deaminase-severe combined immunodeficiency (ADA-SCID), Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) patients. Total nucleated cells and the percentage and absolute counts of CD34+ cells were calculated at defined steps of the procedure (harvest, CD34+ cell purification, transduction with the gene transfer vector and infusion of the medicinal product). A minimum CD34+ cell dose for infusion was 2 × 106/kg, with an optimal target at 5-10 × 106/kg. Median volume of bone marrow harvested was 34.2 ml/kg (range 14.2-56.6). The number of CD34+ cells collected correlated inversely with weight and age in all patients and particularly in the MLD children group. All patients reached the minimum target dose for infusion: median dose of CD34+ cells/kg infused was 10.3 × 106/kg (3.7-25.9), with no difference among the three groups. Bone marrow harvest of volumes > 30 ml/kg in infants and children with ADA-SCID, WAS and MLD is well tolerated and allows obtaining an adequate dose of a medicinal product for HSPC-GT.

2.
Lancet Haematol ; 6(5): e239-e253, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a rare, life-threatening, X-linked primary immunodeficiency characterised by microthrombocytopenia, infections, eczema, autoimmunity, and malignant disease. Lentiviral vector-mediated haemopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) gene therapy is a potentially curative treatment that represents an alternative to allogeneic HSPC transplantation. Here, we report safety and efficacy data from an interim analysis of patients with severe Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome who received lentiviral vector-derived gene therapy. METHODS: We did a non-randomised, open-label, phase 1/2 clinical study in paediatric patients with severe Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, defined by either WAS gene mutation or absent Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) expression or a Zhu clinical score of 3 or higher. We included patients who had no HLA-identical sibling donor available or, for children younger than 5 years of age, no suitable 10/10 matched unrelated donor or 6/6 unrelated cord blood donor. After treatment with rituximab and a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen of busulfan and fludarabine, patients received one intravenous infusion of autologous CD34+ cells genetically modified with a lentiviral vector encoding for human WAS cDNA. The primary safety endpoints were safety of the conditioning regimen and safety of lentiviral gene transfer into HSPCs. The primary efficacy endpoints were overall survival, sustained engraftment of genetically corrected HSPCs, expression of vector-derived WASP, improved T-cell function, antigen-specific responses to vaccinations, and improved platelet count and mean platelet volume normalisation. This interim analysis was done when the first six patients treated had completed at least 3 years of follow-up. The planned analyses are presented for the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (number NCT01515462) and EudraCT (number 2009-017346-32). FINDINGS: Between April 20, 2010, and Feb 26, 2015, nine patients (all male) were enrolled of whom one was excluded after screening; the age range of the eight treated children was 1·1-12·4 years. At the time of the interim analysis (data cutoff April 29, 2016), median follow-up was 3·6 years (range 0·5-5·6). Overall survival was 100%. Engraftment of genetically corrected HSPCs was successful and sustained in all patients. The fraction of WASP-positive lymphocytes increased from a median of 3·9% (range 1·8-35·6) before gene therapy to 66·7% (55·7-98·6) at 12 months after gene therapy, whereas WASP-positive platelets increased from 19·1% (range 4·1-31·0) to 76·6% (53·1-98·4). Improvement of immune function was shown by normalisation of in-vitro T-cell function and successful discontinuation of immunoglobulin supplementation in seven patients with follow-up longer than 1 year, followed by positive antigen-specific response to vaccination. Severe infections fell from 2·38 (95% CI 1·44-3·72) per patient-year of observation (PYO) in the year before gene therapy to 0·31 (0·04-1·11) per PYO in the second year after gene therapy and 0·17 (0·00-0·93) per PYO in the third year after gene therapy. Before gene therapy, platelet counts were lower than 20 × 109 per L in seven of eight patients. At the last follow-up visit, the platelet count had increased to 20-50 × 109 per L in one patient, 50-100 × 109 per L in five patients, and more than 100 × 109 per L in two patients, which resulted in independence from platelet transfusions and absence of severe bleeding events. 27 serious adverse events in six patients occurred after gene therapy, 23 (85%) of which were infectious (pyrexia [five events in three patients], device-related infections, including one case of sepsis [four events in three patients], and gastroenteritis, including one case due to rotavirus [three events in two patients]); these occurred mainly in the first 6 months of follow-up. No adverse reactions to the investigational drug product and no abnormal clonal proliferation or leukaemia were reported after gene therapy. INTERPRETATION: Data from this study show that gene therapy provides a valuable treatment option for patients with severe Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, particularly for those who do not have a suitable HSPC donor available. FUNDING: Italian Telethon Foundation, GlaxoSmithKline, and Orchard Therapeutics.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Lentivirus/genética , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/genética , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Terapia Genética/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Lactente , Itália , Masculino , Mutação , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/sangue , Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/diagnóstico , Proteína da Síndrome de Wiskott-Aldrich/genética
3.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 144(3): 825-838, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thrombocytopenia is a serious issue for all patients with classical Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT) because it causes severe and life-threatening bleeding. Lentiviral gene therapy (GT) for WAS has shown promising results in terms of immune reconstitution. However, despite the reduced severity and frequency of bleeding events, platelet counts remain low in GT-treated patients. OBJECTIVE: We carefully investigated platelet defects in terms of phenotype and function in untreated patients with WAS and assessed the effect of GT treatment on platelet dysfunction. METHODS: We analyzed a cohort of 20 patients with WAS/XLT, 15 of them receiving GT. Platelet phenotype and function were analyzed by using electron microscopy, flow cytometry, and an aggregation assay. Platelet protein composition was assessed before and after GT by means of proteomic profile analysis. RESULTS: We show that platelets from untreated patients with WAS have reduced size, abnormal ultrastructure, and a hyperactivated phenotype at steady state, whereas activation and aggregation responses to agonists are decreased. GT restores platelet size and function early after treatment and reduces the hyperactivated phenotype proportionally to WAS protein expression and length of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights the coexistence of morphologic and multiple functional defects in platelets lacking WAS protein and demonstrates that GT normalizes the platelet proteomic profile with consequent restoration of platelet ultrastructure and phenotype, which might explain the observed reduction of bleeding episodes after GT. These results are instrumental also from the perspective of a future clinical trial in patients with XLT only presenting with microthrombocytopenia.

5.
Front Immunol ; 9: 113, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29456531

RESUMO

Adenosine deaminase-deficient severe combined immunodeficiency disease (ADA-SCID) is a primary immune deficiency characterized by mutations in the ADA gene resulting in accumulation of toxic compounds affecting multiple districts. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a matched donor and hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy are the preferred options for definitive treatment. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is used to manage the disease in the short term, while a decreased efficacy is reported in the medium-long term. To date, eight cases of lymphomas have been described in ADA-SCID patients. Here we report the first case of plasmablastic lymphoma occurring in a young adult with ADA-SCID on long-term ERT, which turned out to be Epstein-Barr virus associated. The patient previously received infusions of genetically modified T cells. A cumulative analysis of the eight published cases of lymphoma from 1992 to date, and the case here described, reveals a high mortality (89%). The most common form is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, which predominantly occurs in extra nodal sites. Seven cases occurred in patients on ERT and two after haploidentical HSCT. The significant incidence of immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders and poor survival of patients developing this complication highlight the priority in finding a prompt curative treatment for ADA-SCID.

7.
Cytometry A ; 91(10): 952-965, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28609016

RESUMO

Human hematopoiesis is a complex and dynamic system where morphologically and functionally diverse mature cell types are generated and maintained throughout life by bone marrow (BM) Hematopoietic Stem/Progenitor Cells (HSPC). Congenital and acquired hematopoietic disorders are often diagnosed through the detection of aberrant frequency or composition of hematopoietic cell populations. We here describe a novel protocol, called "Whole Blood Dissection" (WBD), capable of analyzing in a single test-tube, hematopoietic progenitors and all major mature cell lineages composing either BM or peripheral blood (PB) through a multiparametric flow-cytometry analysis. WBD allows unambiguously identifying in the same tube up to 23 different blood cell types including HSPC subtypes and all the major myeloid and lymphoid lineage compartments at different stages of maturation, through a combination of 17 surface and 1 viability cell markers. We assessed the efficacy of WBD by analyzing BM and PB samples from adult (n = 8) and pediatric (n = 9) healthy donors highlighting age-related shift in cell composition. We also tested the capability of WBD on detecting aberrant hematopoietic cell composition in clinical samples of patients with primary immunodeficiency or leukemia unveiling expected and novel hematopoietic unbalances. Overall, WBD allows unambiguously identifying >99% of the cell subpopulations composing a blood sample in a reproducible, standardized, cost-, and time-efficient manner. This tool has a wide range of potential pre-clinical and clinical applications going from the characterization of hematopoietic disorders to the monitoring of hematopoietic reconstitution in patients after transplant or gene therapy. © 2017 The Authors. Cytometry Part A Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of ISAC.


Assuntos
Células Sanguíneas/citologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Células Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Linhagem da Célula/fisiologia , Criança , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/metabolismo , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/patologia , Leucemia/metabolismo , Leucemia/patologia
8.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2017: 4590127, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29430280

RESUMO

The immune system is a complex system able to recognize a wide variety of host agents, through different biological processes. For example, controlled changes in the redox state are able to start different pathways in immune cells and are involved in the killing of microbes. The generation and release of ROS in the form of an "oxidative burst" represent the pivotal mechanism by which phagocytic cells are able to destroy pathogens. On the other hand, impaired oxidative balance is also implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory complications, which may affect the function of many body systems. NADPH oxidase (NOX) plays a pivotal role in the production of ROS, and the defect of its different subunits leads to the development of chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). The defect of the different NOX subunits in CGD affects different organs. In this context, this review will be focused on the description of the effect of NOX2 deficiency in different body systems. Moreover, we will also focus our attention on the novel insight in the pathogenesis of immunodeficiency and inflammation-related manifestations and on the protective role of NOX2 deficiency against the development of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/diagnóstico , NADPH Oxidases/deficiência , Humanos
9.
Mol Ther ; 24(10): 1873-1880, 2016 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27456061

RESUMO

Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immunodeficiency due to a deficiency in one of the subunits of the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase complex. CGD patients are characterized by an increased susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections, and to granuloma formation due to the excessive inflammatory responses. Several gene therapy approaches with lentiviral vectors have been proposed but there is a lack of in vivo data on the ability to control infections and inflammation. We set up a mouse model of acute infection that closely mimic the airway infection in CGD patients. It involved an intratracheal injection of a methicillin-sensitive reference strain of S. aureus. Gene therapy, with hematopoietic stem cells transduced with regulated lentiviral vectors, restored the functional activity of NADPH oxidase complex (with 20-98% of dihydrorhodamine positive granulocytes and monocytes) and saved mice from death caused by S. aureus, significantly reducing the bacterial load and lung damage, similarly to WT mice even at low vector copy number. When challenged, gene therapy-treated XCGD mice showed correction of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokine imbalance at levels that were comparable to WT. Examined together, our results support the clinical development of gene therapy protocols using lentiviral vectors for the protection against infections and inflammation.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética/métodos , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/complicações , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , NADPH Oxidases/genética , Pneumonia Estafilocócica/terapia , Staphylococcus aureus/fisiologia , Animais , Carga Bacteriana , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Vetores Genéticos/administração & dosagem , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/genética , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/virologia , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética , Camundongos , NADPH Oxidase 2 , Pneumonia Estafilocócica/genética , Pneumonia Estafilocócica/microbiologia
11.
Mol Ther ; 22(8): 1472-1483, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24869932

RESUMO

Regulated transgene expression may improve the safety and efficacy of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy. Clinical trials for X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD) employing gammaretroviral vectors were limited by insertional oncogenesis or lack of persistent engraftment. Our novel strategy, based on regulated lentiviral vectors (LV), targets gp91(phox) expression to the differentiated myeloid compartment while sparing HSC, to reduce the risk of genotoxicity and potential perturbation of reactive oxygen species levels. Targeting was obtained by a myeloid-specific promoter (MSP) and posttranscriptional, microRNA-mediated regulation. We optimized both components in human bone marrow (BM) HSC and their differentiated progeny in vitro and in a xenotransplantation model, and generated therapeutic gp91(phox) expressing LVs for CGD gene therapy. All vectors restored gp91(phox) expression and function in human X-CGD myeloid cell lines, primary monocytes, and differentiated myeloid cells. While unregulated LVs ectopically expressed gp91(phox) in CD34(+) cells, transcriptionally and posttranscriptionally regulated LVs substantially reduced this off-target expression. X-CGD mice transplanted with transduced HSC restored gp91(phox) expression, and MSP-driven vectors maintained regulation during BM development. Combining transcriptional (SP146.gp91-driven) and posttranscriptional (miR-126-restricted) targeting, we achieved high levels of myeloid-specific transgene expression, entirely sparing the CD34(+) HSC compartment. This dual-targeted LV construct represents a promising candidate for further clinical development.


Assuntos
Terapia Genética/métodos , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/virologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , NADPH Oxidases/metabolismo , Animais , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Células Cultivadas , Terapia Combinada , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Vetores Genéticos/uso terapêutico , Doença Granulomatosa Crônica/patologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Lentivirus/genética , Camundongos , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , NADPH Oxidase 2
12.
Clin Infect Dis ; 57(6): 794-802, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23771985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this analysis was to investigate prognostic factors that influence the outcome of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) after a rituximab-based treatment in the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) setting. METHODS: A total of 4466 allogeneic HSCTs performed between 1999 and 2011 in 19 European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation centers were retrospectively analyzed for PTLD, either biopsy-proven or probable disease. RESULTS: One hundred forty-four cases of PTLD were identified, indicating an overall EBV-related PTLD frequency of 3.22%, ranging from 1.16% for matched-family donor, 2.86% for mismatched family donor, 3.97% in matched unrelated donors, and 11.24% in mismatched unrelated donor recipients. In total, 69.4% patients survived PTLD. Multivariable analysis showed that a poor response of PTLD to rituximab was associated with an age ≥30 years, involvement of extralymphoid tissue, acute GVHD, and a lack of reduction of immunosuppression upon PTLD diagnosis. In the prognostic model, the PTLD mortality increased with the increasing number of factors: 0-1, 2, or 3 factors being associated with mortality of 7%, 37%, and 72%, respectively (P < .0001). Immunosuppression tapering was associated with a lower PTLD mortality (16% vs 39%), and a decrease of EBV DNAemia in peripheral blood during therapy was predictive of better survival. CONCLUSIONS: More than two-thirds of patients with EBV-related PTLD survived after rituximab-based treatment. Reduction of immunosuppression was associated with improved outcome, whereas older age, extranodal disease, and acute graft-vs-host disease predicted poor outcome.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , DNA Viral/sangue , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/cirurgia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/cirurgia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/virologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Rituximab , Carga Viral
13.
Transfusion ; 53(7): 1501-9, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23034006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) are the preferred source in autologous transplantation. We assessed prospectively the efficacy of mobilization in pediatric patients and risk factors associated with its failure. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients, aged 0 to 17 years, needing a first collection of PBSCs for autologous stem cell transplantation were eligible. The study period was from July 2008 to September 2010. A blood peak of fewer than 20 × 10(6) CD34+ cells/L was used as the cutoff to define a poor mobilizer. RESULTS: A total of 145 patients, 57% male (82) and 43% female (63), with a median age of 7 years, affected by solid tumor, 79% (114), and acute leukemia or lymphoma, 21% (31), were enrolled. Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor used was filgrastim in 69%, lenograstim in 26%, and pegfilgrastim in 5% of patients. A total of 83% (121) of patients mobilized successfully, the median CD34+ count being 120 × 10(6) /L (range, 23 × 10(6) -1840 × 10(6) /L). A single leukapheresis procedure was sufficient to achieve the target CD34+ cell dose in 82% (99/121) of patients. Among 24 poor mobilizer patients, 15 underwent a second mobilizing course and nine required a marrow harvest. Factors associated with poor mobilization were metastatic disease and relapse. Among 99 patients who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation, the median times to neutrophil and platelet engraftment and of hospitalization were longer by 2, 12, and 6 days in poor versus good mobilizer group. CONCLUSIONS: In pediatric patients undergoing a first mobilization, the incidence of poor mobilization was 17%. Failure of mobilization resulted in an increase in health costs and a longer hospitalization for those who underwent autologous stem cell transplantation.


Assuntos
Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias/terapia , Adolescente , Antígenos CD34/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante Autólogo
14.
Transplantation ; 88(11): 1261-72, 2009 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19996925

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major obstacle to safe allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation, leading to significant mortality. Recently, T-helper (TH)-17 cells have been shown to play a central role in mediating several autoimmune diseases. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between TH-17 cells and GVHD occurring in transplanted patients. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 51 hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation patients and 15 healthy donors. Patients with GVHD were monitored for the presence of TH-17 cells by ELISPOT or flow cytometry in the peripheral blood and by confocal microscopy in GVHD lesions. Cytokine plasma levels were detected by ELISA. RESULTS: An increased TH-17 population (up to 4.8% of peripheral blood CD4+T lymphocytes) was observed in patients with acute GVHD and (up to 2.4%) in patients with active chronic GVHD along with an inflammatory process. In contrast, the percentage of TH-17 cells drastically decreased in patients with inactive chronic GVHD. TH-17 cells consisted of both interleukin (IL)-17+/interferon (IFN)-gamma- and IL-17+/IFN-gamma+ subsets and expressed IL-23 receptor. Interestingly, IFN-gamma+ TH-17 cells were able to infiltrate GVHD lesions as observed in liver and skin sections. Moreover, the proportion of TH-17 was inversely correlated with the proportion of regulatory T cells observed in the peripheral blood and tissues affected by GVHD. Finally, we demonstrated a strong correlation between TH-17 levels and the clinical status of patients with GVHD. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the hypothesis that TH-17 are involved in the active phases of GVHD and may represent a novel cellular target for developing new strategies for GVHD treatment.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Interleucina-17/sangue , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/sangue , Humanos , Lactente , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Interferon gama/sangue , Fígado/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Interleucina/sangue , Pele/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cytometry B Clin Cytom ; 74(3): 150-5, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18271020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunophenotypic modulation is induced by steroids in pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) patients during remission induction therapy. METHODS: We cultured BCP-ALL blasts from diagnostic bone marrow (BM) samples (n = 20) in the presence of prednisone on stroma layer obtained from BM-derived mesenchymal cells to maintain viability. Antigen expression was assessed by multiparametric flow cytometry. RESULTS: Leukemia samples that sustained the treatment in vitro with prednisone, showed significative reduction of CD10 and CD34 expression compared with control, and it was comparable with that observed in residual leukemic cells of the same patients in BM at day 15 of treatment. Modulated cells were viable as determined by Annexin V staining and preserved light scattering properties. Of note, the extent of antigen modulation in vitro correlated with response to prednisone in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: The prednisone-induced immunophenotypic modulation can be reproduced in vitro and this phenomenon may reflect sensitivity to chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Neprilisina/metabolismo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/imunologia , Células Precursoras de Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Precursoras de Linfócitos B/imunologia , Prednisona/farmacologia , Adolescente , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Lactente , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Células Precursoras de Linfócitos B/patologia , Indução de Remissão
16.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 30(12): 881-5, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19131771

RESUMO

Pentraxin-3 (PTX3) is a member of the long pentraxin superfamily and has a nonredundant role in mediating resistance to fungal pathogens. Serial monitoring of PTX3 plasmatic levels was performed in 10 pediatric leukemia patients affected by pulmonary fungal infections. When compared with values of a control pediatric cohort, PTX3 showed significantly higher plasmatic values. Moreover, the response to the antifungal therapy correlated with normalization of PTX3 values. PTX3 may represent a useful tool for the diagnosis and monitoring of fungal infections in immuno-compromised children.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido/imunologia , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/sangue , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Componente Amiloide P Sérico/análise , Adolescente , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Lactente , Pneumopatias Fúngicas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
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