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1.
Br J Haematol ; 188(3): 383-393, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392724

RESUMO

Limited data are available regarding contemporary multiple myeloma (MM) treatment practices in Latin America. In this retrospective cohort study, medical records were reviewed for a multinational cohort of 1103 Latin American MM patients (median age, 61 years) diagnosed in 2008-2015 who initiated first-line therapy (LOT1). Of these patients, 33·9% underwent autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). During follow-up, 501 (45·4%) and 129 (11·7%) patients initiated second- (LOT2) and third-line therapy (LOT3), respectively. In the LOT1 setting, from 2008 to 2015, there was a decrease in the use of thalidomide-based therapy, from 66·7% to 42·6%, and chemotherapy from, 20·2% to 5·9%, whereas use of bortezomib-based therapy or bortezomib + thalidomide increased from 10·7% to 45·5%. Bortezomib-based therapy and bortezomib + thalidomide were more commonly used in ASCT patients and in private clinics. In non-ASCT and ASCT patients, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 15·0 and 31·1 months following LOT1 and 10·9 and 9·5 months following LOT2, respectively. PFS was generally longer in patients treated with bortezomib-based or thalidomide-based therapy versus chemotherapy. These data shed light on recent trends in the management of MM in Latin America. Slower uptake of newer therapies in public clinics and poor PFS among patients with relapsed MM point to areas of unmet therapeutic need in Latin America.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Comorbidade , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , América Latina/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/epidemiologia , Instalações Privadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Logradouros Públicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Glob Oncol ; 5: 1-19, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774711

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Limited information is available on multiple myeloma (MM), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) management in Latin America. The primary objective of the Hemato-Oncology Latin America (HOLA) study was to describe patient characteristics and treatment patterns of Latin American patients with MM, CLL, and NHL. METHODS: This study was a multicenter, retrospective, medical chart review of patients with MM, CLL, and NHL in Latin America identified between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015. Included were adults with at least 1 year of follow-up (except in cases of death within 1 year of diagnosis) treated at 30 oncology hospitals (Argentina, 5; Brazil, 9; Chile, 1; Colombia, 5; Mexico, 6; Panama/Guatemala, 4). RESULTS: Of 5,140 patients, 2,967 (57.7%) had NHL, 1,518 (29.5%) MM, and 655 (12.7%) CLL. Median follow-up was 2.2 years for MM, 3.0 years for CLL, and 2.2 years for NHL, and approximately 26% died during the study observation period. Most patients had at least one comorbidity at diagnosis. The most frequent induction regimen was thalidomide-based chemotherapy for MM and chlorambucil with or without prednisone for CLL. Most patients with NHL had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL; 49.1%) or follicular lymphoma (FL; 19.5%). The majority of patients with DLBCL or FL received rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone. CONCLUSION: The HOLA study generated an unprecedented level of high-quality, real-world evidence on characteristics and treatment patterns of patients with hematologic malignancies. Regional disparities in patient characteristics may reflect differences in ethnoracial identity and level of access to care. These data provide needed real-world evidence to understand the disease landscape in Latin America and may be used to inform clinical and health policy decision making.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , América Latina/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
3.
Acta Trop ; 120(3): 219-23, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21906579

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of anemia on outcome of patients with chronic systolic heart failure secondary to Chagas' cardiomyopathy, as no previous study has previously addressed this question. One-hundred-eight-six patients followed for chronic systolic heart failure secondary to Chagas' cardiomyopathy at our Institution from January 2000 to December 2008 were studied. Forty-nine (26%) patients were found to have anemia; 37 (20%) were men and 12 (6%) were women. Mean hemoglobin level was 14.1±1.2g/L in patients with no anemia and 11.5±1.2g/L in patients with anemia. On a Cox proportional hazards multivariate analysis, anemia was a predictor of all-cause mortality neither in the univariate nor in the multivariate analysis. Mean serum sodium (Hazard ratio=0.92; Beta-coefficient=-0.09; 95% confidence interval 0.89-0.96; p value<0.005), and Beta-Blocker therapy (Hazard ratio=0.40; 95% confidence interval 0.26-0.61; p value<0.005) were retained as independent predictors of mortality for patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy with chronic heart failure. Probability of survival for patients with anemia, however, was significantly lower in patients with anemia in comparison to patients with no anemia, mainly in patients with advanced heart failure. Anemia is not an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in patients with Chagas' cardiomyopathy with chronic systolic heart failure. Probability of survival is poorer in patients with anemia than in those without.


Assuntos
Anemia/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/complicações , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Int J Cardiol ; 149(3): 358-63, 2011 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20227122

RESUMO

Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is a very rare disorder. Histologically, the majority of cases of PCL are diffuse B-cell lymphoma. PCL occurs more frequently in immunocompromised patients. Symptoms may vary according to the heart site involved. The most frequent cardiac clinical manifestations associated with PCL are pericardial effusion, heart failure, and atrioventricular block (AV-block). Diagnosis of PCL can be suggested by transesophageal echocardiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. However, cytologic examination of cardiac tumor or pericardial effusion is paramount for a definite diagnosis of this condition. Prognosis of PCL is poor with a median survival of 7months after initial diagnosis. Newer modalities including immunotherapy with rituximab or auto stem cell transplantation are promising in the treatment of this lethal condition.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cardíacas , Linfoma , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cardíacas/terapia , Humanos , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Linfoma/cirurgia , Linfoma/terapia
6.
Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter ; 28(2): 115-119, abr.-jun. 2006. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-446037

RESUMO

The introduction of imatinib mesylate as treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia has saved many patients, but the success of therapy is hampered by resistance and possible non-destruction of the malignant clone. This article describes the cytogenetic responses and abnormal cytogenetic patterns involving the ABL and BCR genes detected by FISH in patients who use exclusively imatinib. The results showed that other alterations involving the BCR and ABL genes do not seem to be related to resistance to the drug as they occur in low frequencies and can not be associated to the cytogenetic response or to the time of treatment. Moreover, the response to imatinib seems to be individual and unpredictable, independent of the time of treatment and of its initiation after diagnosis.


A introdução do mesilato de imatinibe como tratamento da leucemia mielóide crônica tem salvado muitos pacientes, mas o sucesso da terapia tem sido prejudicado pela resistência e possível não destruição do clone maligno. Este artigo descreve a resposta citogenética e padrões citogenéticos anormais envolvendo os genes ABL e BCR detectados por FISH em pacientes em uso exclusivo de imatinibe. Os resultados mostraram que outras alterações envolvendo os genes BCR e ABL não parecem estar relacionadas à resistência à droga, elas ocorrem em baixas freqüências e podem não estar associadas à resposta citogenética ou ao tempo de tratamento. Contudo, a resposta ao imatinibe parece ser individual e imprevisível, independente do tempo e do início do tratamento após o diagnóstico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Mieloide/terapia , Mesilatos
7.
Arq. ciênc. saúde ; 13(1): 7-11, jan.-mar. 2006. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-463654

RESUMO

A Leucemia Mielóide Crônica (LMC) é uma doença mieloproliferativa clonal caracterizada pela presença do cromossomo Philadelphia (Ph). Este cromossomo é resultante de uma translocação t(9;22) (q34;q11) que justapõe os genes BCR e ABL. A detecção do cromossomo Ph e/ou do rearranjo BCR/ABL, uma vez que este último é submicroscópico em alguns casos, é fundamental, pois não somente contribui para transformação leucêmica, mas também interfere no sucesso do tratamento. Sua detecção é, portanto, fundamental para o diagnóstico, prognóstico e terapêutica. Este trabalho teve como objetivos estudar a freqüência do cromossomo Ph ou rearranjo BCR/ABL nas células da medula óssea de pacientes portadores de LMC ao diagnóstico, com uso das técnicas de bandamento GTG e FISH, e comparar os resultados obtidos com as duas técnicas. O cromossomo Ph e o rearranjo foram observados em 100 dos casos analisados nas diferentes técnicas.Em alguns casos a freqüência do cromossomo Ph, detectado por GTG foi maior do que a do rearranjo molecular BCR/ABL detectada por FISH. A técnica de FISH também identificou alterações inespecíficas envolvendo os genes BCR e/ou ABL. Ambas as técnicas foram fundamentais para os resultados obtidos e, portanto, devem ser usadas como complementares na análise de células da medula óssea de pacientes com LMC ao diagnóstico


Assuntos
Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/diagnóstico , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/análise , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl
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