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1.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905167

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship among enthesis ultrasound (US) lesions and radiological structural damage in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. METHODS: Consecutive PsA patients with swelling of at least 1 of the 2nd to 5th metacarpophalangeal joints were included. Clinical and demographic data were collected. The Madrid Sonographic Enthesitis Index (MASEI) was selected to evaluate the enthesis, with its total score and MASEI-activity and MASEI-structural damage subscores. The modified Sharp van der Heijde method for PsA and the New York criteria for sacroiliitis were selected to evaluate cumulative bone damage on X-rays. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were included. Male gender, older age, longer PsA duration and acute reactant factors were associated with greater bone cumulative damage. Enthesis tendon thickening, enthesophytes, total MASEI and the MASEI-structural damage subscore showed significant correlations with radiographic peripheral and sacroiliac damage scores. Tendon thickening and enthesophytes were the enthesis lesions more frequently associated with radiographic damage in PsA. CONCLUSION: The enthesis MASEI score was associated with axial and articular radiographic structural damage in PsA patients. The MASEI-structural damage subscore correlated better with cumulative bone damage in PsA than the MASEI-activity subscore.

2.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(2): 387-394, 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607384

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of TCZ in monotherapy (TCZMONO) vs. combined with conventional immunosuppressive drugs (TCZCOMBO) in Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) in a clinical practice scenario. METHODS: Multicenter study of 134 patients with refractory GCA. Patients on TCZMONO (n = 82) were compared with those on TCZCOMBO (n = 52). Drugs were methotrexate (MTX) (n = 48), azathioprine (n = 3), and leflunomide (n = 1). The main outcomes were: prolonged remission (normalization of clinical and laboratory parameters for at least 6 months) and the number of relapses. RESULTS: Patients on TCZCOMBO were younger (68.8 ± 8.0 vs 71.2 ± 9.0 years; p = 0.04), with a trend to a longer GCA duration (median [IQR],18.5 [6.25-34.0] vs. 13.0 [7.75-33.5] months; p = 0.333), higher C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (2.1[1-4.7] vs 1.2 [0.2-2.4] mg/dL; p = 0.003), and more prevalence of extra-cranial large-vessel vasculitis (LVV) (57% vs. 34.1%; p = 0.007). In both groups, rapid and sustained improvement was observed. Despite the longer GCA duration, and the higher CRP levels and prevalence of LVV in the TCZCOMBO, the improvement was similar in both groups at 12 months. Moreover, in the TCZCOMBO group, prolonged remission was significantly higher at 12-month. Relapses and serious adverse events were similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: In clinical practice, TCZ in monotherapy or combined with conventional immunosuppressive agents is effective and safe in patients with GCA. Nevertheless, the addition of immunosuppressive drugs, usually MTX, seems to allow a higher rate of prolonged remission, even in patients with a longer GCA duration, more extra-cranial LVV involvement, and higher acute-phase reactants.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop (1) a new ultrasound definition for aggregates and (2) a semi-quantitative ultrasound scoring system (0-3) for tophus, double contour and aggregates. Furthermore, the intra- and inter-reader reliabilities of both the re-defined aggregates and the semi-quantitative scoring system were assessed using static image exercises. METHODS: Thirty-seven rheumatologists were invited. A Delphi process was used for re-defining aggregates and for selecting a semi-quantitative scoring system with >75% agreement obligate for reaching consensus. Subsequently, a web-based exercise on static ultrasound images was conducted in order to assess the reliability of both the re-defined aggregates and the semi-quantitative scoring system. RESULTS: Twenty rheumatologists contributed to all rounds of the Delphi and image exercises. A consensual re-definition of aggregates was obtained after three Delphi rounds but needed an overarching principle for scoring aggregates in patients. A consensus-based semi-quantitative ultrasound scoring system for gout lesions was developed after two Delphi rounds. The re-definition of aggregates showed good intra- and inter-reader reliability (κ-values 0.71 and 0.61). The reliabilities of the scoring system were good for all lesions with slightly higher intra-reader (κ-values 0.74-0.80) than inter-reader reliabilities (κ-values 0.61-0.67). CONCLUSION: A re-definition of aggregates was obtained with a good reliability when assessing static images. The first consensus-based semi-quantitative ultrasound scoring system for gout-specific lesions was developed with good inter- and intra-reader reliability for all lesions when tested in static images. The next step is to assess the reliabilities when scoring lesions in patients.

5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 767, 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The currently available scoring methods for enthesitis are often measures of pain but not of inflammation at entheseal sites. The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Clinical Trials (OMERACT) psoriatic arthritis (PsA) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scoring system (PsAMRIS) assesses inflammation and damage in PsA and was particularly developed for the hands. The ACHILLES trial used clinical measures for heel enthesitis in combination with MRI scoring based on PsAMRIS. METHODS: Patients (age ≥ 18 years) with spondyloarthritis (SpA) and PsA were included in the trial if they presented with clinical and MRI-positive heel enthesitis. MRI of the affected heel was performed at three time points: screening, Week 24 and Week 52. Inflammatory MRI findings (tendinitis, bursitis and bone marrow oedema [BME]) in the area of the Achilles tendon and/or plantar aponeurosis, periarticular inflammation of the ankle joint and heel erosion were assessed qualitatively (absent/present). In addition, BME and bone erosion were quantitatively assessed based on PsAMRIS, where their proportion was compared to the volume of the affected bone. Mean scores of BME and bone erosion quantification were calculated, and the mean composite score (based on PsAMRIS) was calculated based on the individual score of each subject for periarticular inflammation, BME and bone erosion and further extended for bursitis and tendinitis. Modifications to PsAMRIS were introduced by categorising oedema length as ≤/> 0.5 cm and locating bone erosion. CONCLUSIONS: In ACHILLES, MRI was used to assess and evaluate heel enthesitis. Due to the lack of a validated scoring system for heel enthesitis at the time of ACHILLES initiation, this trial applied quantitative scoring based on PsAMRIS, with specific adaptations for the heel. TRIAL REGISTRATION: National Clinical Trial Registry, NCT02771210 . Registered 13 May 2016.

6.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034818

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency of power Doppler (PD) enthesitis in active axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients and its potential usefulness in clinical practice. METHODS: A prospective multicentre cross-sectional study in patients with axSpA and PsA with active disease was undertaken. Patients underwent bilateral ultrasound (US) examination of the peripheral entheses according to the Madrid Sonographic Enthesis Index (MASEI). The MASEI and Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) PD enthesitis definitions were checked. An inter-reader analysis of recorded videos was performed to determine reliability. RESULTS: Sixty-four consecutive patients were included. The mean DAS28 (3.9 ± 1.3) for peripheral involvement, mean BASDAI (5.6 ± 2.2) for axial involvement, and CRP values (10 ± 10.9) reflected moderate-high disease activity at baseline. The mean global MASEI score was 29.4 (± 11.4), and 55 patients (86%) scored ≥ 18 (proposed cut-off point to diagnose SpA). At the patient level, abnormal US findings consistent with at least one enthesis showing a PD signal were observed in 52 (81.3%) patients using the MASEI PD definition and 48 (75%) using the OMERACT PD definition, without significant variation between axSpA and PsA. The inter-reader reliability was excellent (kappa = 0.92 for MASEI PD and 0.86 for OMERACT PD). CONCLUSIONS: PD enthesitis was found in the majority of patients with active axSpA and PsA, independent of axial or peripheral affectation. Both MASEI and OMERACT PD definitions were useful in detecting active enthesitis. These findings support the usefulness of a PD US evaluation of entheses in the assessment of axSpA and PsA. Key Points • PD enthesitis is a very common finding in patients with active axSpA and PsA • Both MASEI and OMERACT PD definitions are useful to detect active enthesitis • US enthesitis may reveal information in axSpA and PsA.

7.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 16(5,pt.1): 333-338, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195889

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Desarrollar un documento de consenso para estandarizar los términos, abreviaturas y acrónimos en español empleados en el campo de las espondiloartritis (EspA). MÉTODOS: Se creó un grupo de trabajo internacional compuesto por todos los miembros de Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) nativos de habla española, miembros del comité ejecutivo del Grupo para el estudio de la Espondiloartritis de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (GRESSER), 2 metodólogos, 2 lingüistas de la Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España (RANM) y 2 pacientes de la Coordinadora Española de Asociaciones de Espondilitis (CEADE). Se realizó una revisión de la literatura de los últimos 15 años (publicaciones, el CIE y CIF, guías, consensos y recomendaciones) para identificar los términos, abreviaturas y acrónimos discrepantes. Mediante un Delphi de 3 rondas y una reunión presencial, se discutieron, seleccionaron y acordaron los términos, abreviaturas y acrónimos a utilizar. Durante todo este proceso se siguieron las recomendaciones de la RANM basadas en el Diccionario panhispánico de términos médicos. RESULTADOS: Se consensuaron 46 términos, abreviaturas y acrónimos. Se aceptó la traducción al español para 6 términos y 6 abreviaturas empleados para nombrar o clasificar la enfermedad y para 6 términos y 4 abreviaturas relacionados con las EspA. Se acordó no traducir 15 acrónimos por estar ya establecidos, pero al mencionarlos, se recomendó seguir esta estructura: tipo de acrónimo en español y acrónimo y forma extensa en inglés. Con respecto a 7 términos o abreviaturas asociados a acrónimos, se acordó traducir solo la forma extensa y se consensuó una traducción. CONCLUSIONES: Con esta estandarización del lenguaje de las EspA se pretende establecer un uso común de la nomenclatura en español para las EspA. Su implementación será muy beneficiosa, evitando malentendidos y consumo de recursos


OBJECTIVE: To develop a consensus to standardize the use of Spanish terms, abbreviations and acronyms in the field of spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: An international task force comprising all native Spanish-speaking Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) members, the executive committee of Grupo para el estudio de la Espondiloartritis de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (GRESSER), two methodologists, two linguists from the Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España (RANM) and two patients from the Spanish Coordinator of Spondylitis Associations (CEADE) was established. A literature review was performed to identify the conflicting terms/abbreviations/acronyms in SpA. This review examined written sources in Spanish including manuscripts, ICF and ICD, guidelines, recommendations and consensuses. This was followed by a nominal group meeting and a three-round Delphi. The recommendations from the RANM based on the Panhispanic dictionary were followed throughout the process. RESULTS: Consensus was reached for 46 terms, abbreviations or acronyms related to the field of SpA. A Spanish translation was accepted for 6 terms and 6 abbreviations to name or classify the disease, and for 6 terms and 4 abbreviations related to SpA. It was agreed not to translate 15 acronyms into Spanish. However, when mentioning them, it was recommended to follow this structure: type of acronym in Spanish and acronym and expanded form in English. With regard to 7 terms or abbreviations attached to acronyms, it was agreed to translate only the expanded form and a translation was also selected for each of them. CONCLUSIONS: Through this standardization, it is expected to establish a common use of the Spanish nomenclature for SpA. The implementation of this consensus across the community will be of substantial benefit, avoiding misunderstandings and time-consuming processes


Assuntos
Humanos , Consenso , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Abreviaturas como Assunto , Dicionários Médicos como Assunto , Traduções , Terminologia como Assunto , Padrões de Referência , Espanha
8.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907882

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the 6-year radiographic progression of sacroiliitis in patients with early spondyloarthritis (SpA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) radiographs (baseline and 6 years) of 94 patients with recent-onset SpA from the Esperanza cohort were scored, blindly and in a random order, by nine readers. The modified New York criteria were used to define the presence of sacroiliitis. As the gold standard for radiographic (r) sacroiliitis, the categorical opinion of at least five readers was used. Progression was defined as the shift from non-radiographic (nr) to r-sacroiliitis. RESULTS: In the 94 SIJ radiographs (baseline and 6 years), 78/94 (83%) pairs of radiographs had not changed from baseline to 6 years. Sacroiliitis was present in 20 patients at baseline (21.3%) and in 18 (19.2%) patients at 6 years; 11 patients had sacroiliitis at both the baseline and final visits; 9 patients changed from baseline r-sacroiliitis to nr-sacroiliitis at 6 years, and 7 changed from baseline nr-sacroiliitis to r-sacroiliitis at 6 years. The mean continuous change score (range: -8 to +8) was 2.80 at baseline and 2.55 at 6 years (mean net progression of -0.25). The reliability of the readers was fair (mean inter-reader kappa of 0.375 (0.146-0.652) and mean agreement of 73.7% (58.7-90%)). CONCLUSION: In the early SpA Esperanza cohort, progression from nr-axSpA to r-axSpA over 6 years was not observed, although the SIJ radiographs scoring has limitations to detect low levels of radiographic progression.

9.
Foods ; 9(9)2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878017

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of winery byproduct extracts (grape pomace, seed and skin) and a mixture of inulin-type fructans (inulin and FOS) as suitable ingredients for the development of yogurts with antioxidant and antidiabetic properties. Their effect on the physicochemical, textural, microbiological and sensory parameters of yogurts was evaluated during 21 days of refrigerated storage. The incorporation of winery byproduct extracts in yogurt resulted in a significant increase (p < 0.05) in total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant and antidiabetic properties, compared to the controls. The grape skin yogurt showed the highest (p < 0.05) TPC (0.09 ± 0.00 mg GAE/g yogurt) and antioxidant capacity (7.69 ± 1.15 mmol TE/g yogurt). Moreover, the grape skin yogurt presented the highest (p < 0.05) inhibition of the activity of the enzyme α-glucosidase (56.46 ± 2.31%). The addition of inulin-type fructans did not significantly (p > 0.05) modify the overall antioxidant capacity or inhibition of the enzyme α-glucosidase of control and winery byproduct extract yogurts. Yogurts containing winery byproduct extracts and dietary fiber achieved high overall acceptance scores (6.33-6.67) and showed stable physicochemical, textural and microbiological characteristics during storage, assuring an optimal 21-day shelf life. According to their antioxidant and antidiabetic properties, we propose the yogurt containing grape skin extract, together with inulin and FOS, as a novel food product for the promotion of sustainable health.

10.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of cerebrovascular events (CVE) in giant cell arteritis (GCA) and to alert clinicians to the importance of early detection of CVE in this disease. METHODS: Retrospective observational study involving a cohort of GCA patients. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected. All patients fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 GCA classification criteria and had a positive ultrasound test for GCA in agreement with the EULAR recommendations. Demographic and clinical parameters were recorded with special attention paid to ischemic cranial events. RESULTS: We studied 123 consecutive GCA patients, 74 (60.2%) women with a mean age of 79 years. Twelve patients (9.75%) suffered from neurologic symptoms other than AION, of whom 9 (7.3%) experienced ischemic events related to GCA and 3 (2.44%) likely experienced CVE due to other common causes. Of the 9 patients with CVE caused by GCA, 5 were diagnosed with transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), 2 with ischemic stroke, and 2 were cases involving cranial nerve palsies. High rates of mortality were found in patients with a TIA or stroke, while polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) appeared to confer some protection against ischemic pathologies in GCA patients. CONCLUSIONS: Stroke and TIA are common presentation patterns associated with GCA and should be suspected in all CVE-related cases with high acute-phase reactants commonly present in the elderly. This ischemic subgroup exhibited a higher mortality rate.

11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(12): 1659-1661, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606046
12.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38 Suppl 124(2): 112-119, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441643

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A potential point of concern among clinicians is whether results derived from the clinical trials can be reasonably applied or generalised to a definable group of patients seen in real world. It can be the case of the GiACTA study that is a phase III randomised controlled trial of tocilizumab (TCZ) in giant cell arteritis (GCA). To address this question, we compared the clinical features and the responses to TCZ from the GiACTA trial patients with those from a series of GCA seen in the daily clinical practice. METHODS: Comparative study of clinical features between patients from the GiACTA trial (overall n=251) and those from a multicentre series of real-world GCA patients undergoing TCZ therapy (n=134). The diagnosis of GCA in the GiACTA trial was established by the ACR modified criteria whereas in the series of real-world patients it was made by using the ACR criteria, a positive biopsy of temporal artery or the presence of imaging techniques consistent with large-vessel vasculitis in individuals who presented cranial symptoms of GCA. GiACTA trial patients received subcutaneous TCZ (162 mg every 1 or 2 weeks) whereas those from the clinical practice series were treated using standard IV dose (8 mg/kg/month) or subcutaneous (162 mg/week). RESULTS: Real-life patients undergoing TCZ were older with longer disease duration and higher values of ESR and had received conventional immunosuppressive therapy (mainly methotrexate) more commonly than those included in the GiACTA trial. Despite clinical differences, TCZ was equally effective in both GiACTA trial and clinical practice patients. However, serious infections were more commonly observed in GCA patients recruited from the clinical practice. CONCLUSIONS: Despite clinical differences with patients recruited in clinical trials, data from real-life patients confirm the efficacy of TCZ in GCA.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Arterite de Células Gigantes/terapia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(5): 343, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393755

RESUMO

Lipid-based RNA nanocarriers have been recently accepted as a novel therapeutic option in humans, thus increasing the therapeutic options for patients. Tailored nanomedicines will enable to treat chronic liver disease (CLD) and end-stage liver cancer, disorders with high mortality and few treatment options. Here, we investigated the curative potential of gene therapy of a key molecule in CLD, the c-Jun N-terminal kinase-2 (Jnk2). Delivery to hepatocytes was achieved using a lipid-based clinically employable siRNA formulation that includes a cationic aminolipid to knockdown Jnk2 (named siJnk2). After assessing the therapeutic potential of siJnk2 treatment, non-invasive imaging demonstrated reduced apoptotic cell death and improved hepatocarcinogenesis was evidenced by improved liver parenchyma as well as ameliorated markers of hepatic damage, reduced fibrogenesis in 1-year-old mice. Strikingly, chronic siJnk2 treatment reduced premalignant nodules, indicative of tumor initiation. Furthermore, siJnk2 treatment led to a significant activation of the immune cell compartment. In conclusion, Jnk2 knockdown in hepatocytes ameliorated hepatitis, fibrogenesis, and initiation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and hence might be a suitable therapeutic option, to define novel molecular targets for precision medicine in CLD.

14.
Nutrients ; 12(3)2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32121016

RESUMO

The improvement of the nutritional quality of dairy foods has become a key strategy for reducing the risk of developing diet-related non-communicable diseases. In this context, we aimed to optimize the concentration of inulin in combination with 10 mg/mL of coffee-cascara extract in yogurt while considering their effect on appetite control, gastrointestinal wellbeing, and their effect on the sensory and technological properties of the product. For this purpose, we tested four coffee-cascara yogurt treatments in a blind cross-over nutritional trial with 45 healthy adults: a coffee-cascara yogurt without inulin (Y0) and coffee-cascara yogurts containing 3% (Y3), 7% (Y7), and 13% (Y13) of inulin. The ratings on sensory acceptance, satiety, gastrointestinal tolerance, and stool frequency were measured. Surveys were carried out digitally in each participant's cellphone. Yogurt pH, titratable acidity, syneresis, and instrumental texture were analyzed. Inulin addition increased the yogurt's firmness and consistency. Y13 achieved significantly higher overall acceptance, texture, and taste scores than Y0 (p < 0.05). Y3 presented similar gastrointestinal tolerance to Y0. However, 7% and 13% of inulin produced significant (p < 0.05) bloating and flatulence when compared to Y0. The appetite ratings were not significantly affected by the acute intake of the different yogurts. Overall, Y3 was identified as the formulation that maximized nutritional wellbeing, reaching a "source of fiber" nutritional claim, without compromising its technological and sensory properties.

15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(9): 2443-2447, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and causes for the presence of a halo sign on the ultrasound of patients without a diagnosis of GCA. METHODS: In total, 305 patients with temporal artery colour Doppler ultrasound showing the presence of halo sign (intima-media thickness ≥0.34 mm for temporal arteries [TAs] and ≥1 mm for axillary arteries) were included, and their medical records were reviewed. The clinical diagnosis based on the evolution of the patient over at least one year was established as the definitive diagnosis. RESULTS: Fourteen of the 305 (4.6%) patients included showed presence of the halo sign without final diagnosis of GCA: 12 patients in the TAs (86%), and two patients with isolated AAs involvement (14%). Their diagnoses were PMR (n = 4, 29%); atherosclerosis (n = 3, 21%); and non-Hodgkin lymphoma type T, osteomyelitis of the skull base, primary amyloidosis associated with multiple myeloma, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, neurosyphilis, urinary sepsis and narrow-angle glaucoma (n = 1 each, 7%). CONCLUSION: The percentage of halo signs on the ultrasound of patients without GCA is low, but it does exist. There are conditions that may also show the halo sign (true positive halo sign), and we must know these and always correlate the ultrasound findings with the patient's clinic records.

16.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(5): 1031-1040, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the use of the enthesis ultrasound Madrid Sonographic Entesis Index (MASEI) from its publication. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register databases was performed. The search strategy was constructed to identify publications containing terms related to enthesis and ultrasound. The only applied filter was studies conducted in humans. One reviewer systematically screened the search. A second reviewer verified the selection. The data extraction was focused on study characteristics, including population and components of the OMERACT filter. RESULTS: Sixty-eight of the 1581 identified studies had used MASEI, including 41 (60%) abstracts and 27 (40%) articles. Of the 27 articles, MASEI was mainly used for spondyloarthritis and related diseases in 12 (44%) articles, followed by both psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in five (19%) articles; however, it was also used in diseases such as Behçet disease, FM, familiar Mediterranean fever, SS, crystal arthropathies and systemic sclerosis. The feasibility of MASEI was reported in three (11%) articles, and the reliability in 12 (44%) with good to excellent values. No article evaluated the responsiveness to treatment. The construct validity of MASEI was assessed using biomarkers in seven (26%) articles, clinical examination in 13 (48%) and imaging procedures (only X-rays) in two (7%). The discriminative validity was assessed in 16 (59%) articles, not only in SpAs. CONCLUSION: MASEI is a feasible, reliable and valid ultrasound score for the study of enthesis in spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis and other diseases.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Entesopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Entesopatia/patologia , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos , Artrite Psoriásica/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilartrite/patologia , Ultrassonografia Doppler/tendências
17.
Reumatol Clin ; 16(5 Pt 1): 333-338, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193774

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a consensus to standardize the use of Spanish terms, abbreviations and acronyms in the field of spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: An international task force comprising all native Spanish-speaking Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) members, the executive committee of Grupo para el estudio de la Espondiloartritis de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (GRESSER), two methodologists, two linguists from the Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España (RANM) and two patients from the Spanish Coordinator of Spondylitis Associations (CEADE) was established. A literature review was performed to identify the conflicting terms/abbreviations/acronyms in SpA. This review examined written sources in Spanish including manuscripts, ICF and ICD, guidelines, recommendations and consensuses. This was followed by a nominal group meeting and a three-round Delphi. The recommendations from the RANM based on the Panhispanic dictionary were followed throughout the process. RESULTS: Consensus was reached for 46 terms, abbreviations or acronyms related to the field of SpA. A Spanish translation was accepted for 6 terms and 6 abbreviations to name or classify the disease, and for 6 terms and 4 abbreviations related to SpA. It was agreed not to translate 15 acronyms into Spanish. However, when mentioning them, it was recommended to follow this structure: type of acronym in Spanish and acronym and expanded form in English. With regard to 7 terms or abbreviations attached to acronyms, it was agreed to translate only the expanded form and a translation was also selected for each of them. CONCLUSIONS: Through this standardization, it is expected to establish a common use of the Spanish nomenclature for SpA. The implementation of this consensus across the community will be of substantial benefit, avoiding misunderstandings and time-consuming processes.

19.
Reumatol Clin ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to reach a consensus on the best instruments to monitor disease activity in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and to develop a consensus definition of remission. METHODS: A modified Delphi approach was used. A scientific committee provided statements addressing the definition of remission and the monitoring of PsA in clinical practice. The questionnaire was evaluated in 2 rounds by rheumatologists with experience in managing PsA patients. RESULTS: A panel of 77 rheumatologists reached agreement on 62 out of the 86 proposed items (72.0%). The most recommended index for monitoring disease activity was DAPSA (cut-off values: ≤4 for remission and >4-14 for low disease activity ([LDA]), MDA (at least 5/7 criteria). In cases with axial involvement, ASDAS was the preferred index (cut-off values: <1.3 for remission and <2.1 for LDA). BASDAI (cut-off values: ≤2 for remission and ≤4 for LDA) may be used as an alternative. PsAID was the preferred tool to assess disease impact. CONCLUSION: We propose a definition of remission in PsA as the absence of disease activity evaluated by DAPSA or MDA (ASDAS and/or BASDAI in patients with axial involvement), which would imply absence of signs or symptoms of inflammation, physical well-being, lack of disease impact, and absence of inflammation as measured by biological markers.

20.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(5): 271-276, sept.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-189403

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: En el tratamiento de las uveítis no infecciosas se emplean corticoides y fármacos inmunomoduladores. Su uso ha aumentado en los últimos años y se ha enriquecido con la aparición de nuevos tratamientos. Sin embargo, no existen guías ni protocolos claros de actuación. El objetivo es analizar la respuesta a los fármacos empleados y las características de los pacientes atendidos en una consulta multidisciplinaria de uveítis. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional retrospectivo de los pacientes atendidos desde enero de 2012 hasta diciembre de 2015. Se excluyen las uveítis infecciosas, posquirúrgicas, postraumáticas y los síndromes de enmascaramiento. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 216 pacientes. El 58,80% son uveítis sin afectación sistémica, la mayoría idiopáticas, y el 35,65% uveítis con afectación sistémica, asociadas principalmente a espondiloartritis. Las uveítis sin afectación sistémica y las uveítis anteriores se controlaron mejor que el resto con tratamiento local (p = 0,002 y p < 0,001, respectivamente). El 49,76% de los pacientes requirió tratamiento sistémico. De los pacientes tratados con inmunomoduladores, el 53,26% precisó un segundo fármaco y el 31,52%, un tercero. Las mujeres necesitaron inmunomoduladores con más frecuencia que los varones (p = 0,042). El inmunomodulador más empleado fue metotrexato. Las uveítis posteriores respondieron al segundo inmunomodulador peor que las anteriores (p = 0,006). CONCLUSIONES: Casi la mitad de los pacientes necesitaron un fármaco inmunomodulador y algunos precisaron varios cambios sucesivos de fármaco. Las uveítis intermedias resultaron las más refractarias al tratamiento


OBJECTIVE: The treatment of noninfectious uveitis includes steroids and immunomodulatory drugs, the use of which has increased in the last few years, and the options have been enriched with the development of new treatments. However, clear therapeutic guidelines and protocols have not been developed. The purpose is to analyze the response to the drugs used and the characteristics of the patients treated at a multidisciplinary uveitis clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational and retrospective study of the patients attended to from January 2012 to December 2015. Infectious, posttraumatic and postoperative uveitis, as well as masquerade syndrome, were excluded. RESULTS: Two hundred six patients were included. Overall, 58.80% had uveitis without association of systemic disease, mostly idiopathic uveitis, and 35.65% had uveitis with systemic involvement, mainly related to spondyloarthritis. Uveitis without systemic association and anterior uveitis achieved disease control with local treatment more frequently than others (p=.002 and p <.001, respectively). In all, 49.76% of the patients required systemic treatment. Among those treated with immunomodulators, 53.26% needed a second drug and 31.52% needed a third drug. Women required immunomodulators more often than men (P=.042). Methotrexate was the most widely used immunomodulator. Posterior uveitis responded less favorably to the second immunomodulator than anterior uveitis (p=.006). CONCLUSIONS: Almost half of the patients needed an immunomodulatory drug and some of them required successive drug changes. Intermediate uveitis was the most treatment-refractory uveitis


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Espondilartrite/complicações , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Resultado do Tratamento , Uveíte/etiologia
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