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1.
Pediatr Neurol ; 99: 7-15, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421914

RESUMO

Craniosynostosis is a pathologic craniofacial disorder and is defined as the premature fusion of one or more cranial (calvarial) sutures. Cranial sutures are fibrous joints consisting of nonossified mesenchymal cells that play an important role in the development of healthy craniofacial skeletons. Early fusion of these sutures results in incomplete brain development that may lead to complications of several severe medical conditions including seizures, brain damage, mental delay, complex deformities, strabismus, and visual and breathing problems. As a congenital disease, craniosynostosis has a heterogeneous origin that can be affected by genetic and epigenetic alterations, teratogens, and environmental factors and make the syndrome highly complex. To date, approximately 200 syndromes have been linked to craniosynostosis. In addition to being part of a syndrome, craniosynostosis can be nonsyndromic, formed without any additional anomalies. More than 50 nuclear genes that relate to craniosynostosis have been identified. Besides genetic factors, epigenetic factors like microRNAs and mechanical forces also play important roles in suture fusion. As craniosynostosis is a multifactorial disorder, evaluating the craniosynostosis syndrome requires and depends on all the information obtained from clinical findings, genetic analysis, epigenetic or environmental factors, or gene modulators. In this review, we will focus on embryologic and genetic studies, as well as epigenetic and environmental studies. We will discuss published studies and correlate the findings with unknown aspects of craniofacial disorders.

2.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(11): 2241-2245, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31353793

RESUMO

Craniosynostosis consists of premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures and can be seen as part of a syndrome or diagnosed as nonsyndromic (isolated). Although more than 180 craniosynostosis syndromes have been identified, 70% of the cases are diagnosed as nonsyndromic. On the other hand, genetic causes of the cases are mostly unknown and the overall frequency of the genetic diagnosis is around 25%. In this study, we used targeted Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) analysis to identify the genetic variations of two craniosynostosis cases. We have identified two different truncating mutations, a known NM_207036.1:c.778_779delAT;p.(Met260Valfs*5) and a novel NM_207036.1:c.1102_1108delTCACCTC;p.(Pro369Glnfs*26) TCF12 variants. Additionally, upon physical examination of these two cases, we have observed some shared clinical similarities as well as differences such as bilateral simian crease and hidden cleft palate. This is the first study that reports the TCF12 mutations in Turkish patients with coronal suture synostosis.

3.
Genet Med ; 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316167

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Congenital contractural arachnodactyly (CCA) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder manifesting joint contractures, arachnodactyly, crumpled ears, and kyphoscoliosis as main features. Due to its rarity, rather aspecific clinical presentation, and overlap with other conditions including Marfan syndrome, the diagnosis is challenging, but important for prognosis and clinical management. CCA is caused by pathogenic variants in FBN2, encoding fibrillin-2, but locus heterogeneity has been suggested. We designed a clinical scoring system and diagnostic criteria to support the diagnostic process and guide molecular genetic testing. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we assessed 167 probands referred for FBN2 analysis and classified them into a FBN2-positive (n = 44) and FBN2-negative group (n = 123) following molecular analysis. We developed a 20-point weighted clinical scoring system based on the prevalence of ten main clinical characteristics of CCA in both groups. RESULTS: The total score was significantly different between the groups (P < 0.001) and was indicative for classifying patients into unlikely CCA (total score <7) and likely CCA (total score ≥7) groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our clinical score is helpful for clinical guidance for patients suspected to have CCA, and provides a quantitative tool for phenotyping in research settings.

4.
Gene ; 702: 83-88, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898715

RESUMO

Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) is a rare genetic bone disease characterized by dense and fragile bone, caused by a defect in osteoclasts responsible for the bone destruction. In this study, we aimed to investigate the mutations in TCIRG1 and SNX10 that are responsible for 50% and 4% of the cases, respectively. All amplicons were sequenced by Sanger sequencing following PCR amplification. As a result, six different mutations of the TCIRG1 gene were found in five of the twelve unrelated cases. These include two novel mutations, namely c.630 + 1G > T mutation and c.1778_1779delTG mutation of the gene which are identified as homozygous. A compound heterozygosity of known mutations c.649_674del26 and c.1372G > A and homozygous presence of the known c.2235 + 1G > A mutation were also observed in different patients. In addition, as a result of the prenatal testing in a family with osteopetrosis infant, the c.1674-1G > A mutation was detected as homozygous for the fetus. In TCIRG1, c.166C > T change, which is indicated as likely benign according to ClinVar database, was heterozygous. Several known polymorphisms; c.117 + 83 T > C, c.417 + 11A > G and c.714-19C > A in TCIRG1 gene; c.24 + 36 T > A and c.112-84G > A in SNX10 gene were also detected. In conclusion, our study revealed that five of the twelve cases carry at least one mutation of TCIRG1 gene. Further studies with more patients and other genes would help better understanding of genetic etiology of the disease.


Assuntos
Mutação , Osteopetrose/genética , Nexinas de Classificação/genética , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras/genética , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Linhagem , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Turquia , ATPases Vacuolares Próton-Translocadoras/química
5.
Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex ; 76(1): 44-48, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30657466

RESUMO

Background: Craniosynostosis is described as the premature fusion of cranial sutures that belongs to a group of alterations which produce an abnormal phenotype. Case report: Two unrelated female patients with clinical findings of Apert syndrome-characterized by acrocephaly, prominent frontal region, flat occiput, ocular proptosis, hypertelorism, down-slanted palpebral fissures, midfacial hypoplasia, high-arched or cleft palate, short neck, cardiac anomalies and symmetrical syndactyly of the hands and feet-are present. In both patients, a heterozygous missense mutation (c.755C>G, p.Ser252Trp) in the FGFR2 gene was identified. Conclusions: Two cases of Apert syndrome are described. It is important to recognize this uncommon entity through clinical findings, highlight interdisciplinary medical evaluation, and provide timely genetic counseling for the family.

6.
Endocr Res ; : 1-9, 2018 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30182761

RESUMO

Purpose/Aim of the study: Acquired partial lipodystrophy (APL) is a rare disease characterized by selective loss of adipose tissue. In this study, we aimed to present a subset of patients with APL, who developed severe metabolic abnormalities, from our national lipodystrophy registry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Severe metabolic abnormalities were defined as: poorly controlled diabetes (HbA1c above 7% despite treatment with insulin more than 1 unit/kg/day combined with oral antidiabetics), severe hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides above 500 mg/dL despite treatment with lipid-lowering drugs), episodes of acute pancreatitis, or severe hepatic involvement (biopsy-proven non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)). RESULTS: Among 140 patients with all forms of lipodystrophy (28 with APL), we identified 6 APL patients with severe metabolic abnormalities. The geometric mean for age was 37 years (range: 27-50 years; 4 females and 2 males). Five patients had poorly controlled diabetes despite treatment with high-dose insulin combined with oral antidiabetics. Severe hypertriglyceridemia developed in five patients, of those three experienced episodes of acute pancreatitis. Although all six patients had hepatic steatosis at various levels on imaging studies, NASH was proven in two patients on liver biopsy. Our data suggested that APL patients with severe metabolic abnormalities had a more advanced fat loss and longer disease duration. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that these patients represent a potential subgroup of APL who may benefit from metreleptin or investigational therapies as standard treatment strategies fail to achieve a good metabolic control.

7.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3087, 2018 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30082715

RESUMO

Skeletal dysplasia with multiple dislocations are severe disorders characterized by dislocations of large joints and short stature. The majority of them have been linked to pathogenic variants in genes encoding glycosyltransferases, sulfotransferases or epimerases required for glycosaminoglycan synthesis. Using exome sequencing, we identify homozygous mutations in SLC10A7 in six individuals with skeletal dysplasia with multiple dislocations and amelogenesis imperfecta. SLC10A7 encodes a 10-transmembrane-domain transporter located at the plasma membrane. Functional studies in vitro demonstrate that SLC10A7 mutations reduce SLC10A7 protein expression. We generate a Slc10a7-/- mouse model, which displays shortened long bones, growth plate disorganization and tooth enamel anomalies, recapitulating the human phenotype. Furthermore, we identify decreased heparan sulfate levels in Slc10a7-/- mouse cartilage and patient fibroblasts. Finally, we find an abnormal N-glycoprotein electrophoretic profile in patient blood samples. Together, our findings support the involvement of SLC10A7 in glycosaminoglycan synthesis and specifically in skeletal development.

8.
Am J Med Genet A ; 176(9): 1976-1980, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088857

RESUMO

The bones of the skull are held together by fibrous joints called sutures. Premature fusion of these sutures leads to a pathologic condition called as craniosynostosis. Although at least 50 nuclear genes including FGFR2, TWIST1, TCF12, and SMAD6 were identified as causative of craniosynostosis; only 25% of the patients can be genetically diagnosed. Here, we report a 3-year-old Turkish Caucasian boy with sagittal craniosynostosis with a de novo loss-of-function mutation in exon 4 of the AXIN2 gene for the first time. The patient has frontal bossing, high anterior hair line, depressed nasal bridge, bilateral epicanthus and low set ears which are correlated with his scaphocephaly. As a negative regulator of the Wnt signaling pathway which is one of the key modulators of craniosynostosis syndrome, it has been shown in model organisms that Axin2 orchestrates the regulation of beta-catenin especially in the intramembranous ossification process. This clinical report adds value to the literature that AXIN2 gene mutations could be a potential cause in human calvarial malformations, especially for the sagittal synostosis.

9.
Hum Genet ; 137(6-7): 479-486, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29982980

RESUMO

While recent studies have revealed a substantial portion of the genes underlying human hearing loss, the extensive genetic landscape has not been completely explored. Here, we report a loss-of-function variant (c.72delA) in MPZL2 in three unrelated multiplex families from Turkey and Iran with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss. The variant co-segregates with moderate sensorineural hearing loss in all three families. We show a shared haplotype flanking the variant in our families implicating a single founder. While rare in other populations, the allele frequency of the variant is ~ 0.004 in Ashkenazi Jews, suggesting that it may be an important cause of moderate hearing loss in that population. We show that Mpzl2 is expressed in mouse inner ear, and the protein localizes in the auditory inner and outer hair cells, with an asymmetric subcellular localization. We thus present MPZL2 as a novel gene associated with sensorineural hearing loss.

10.
Turk J Med Sci ; 48(3): 584-591, 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914256

RESUMO

Background/aim: Declined morbidity rates after craniosynostosis surgery indicate bypassing the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) course to minimize treatment costs and bed usage. The aim of this study is to examine the incident rates of PICU admission and assess its necessity. Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis of 41 patients (operated on by open surgical techniques) between July 2011 and December 2015 was carried out. Intraoperative/postoperative vital signs, hemodynamic and metabolic parameters, estimated blood loss (EBVloss), blood transfusions, length of PICU, and hospitalizations were recorded. Results: Major and minor events reached 51.2% and 82.9%, respectively. EBVloss within 24 h was calculated as 39.58 ± 8.19 (median: 38.44, 25.68-66.34) with 75.6% blood transfusion rate. Hypotension and hypothermia were associated with prolonged surgery (P = 0.001 and P = 0.007, respectively), but were not related to age (P = 0.054, P = 0.162) or procedure types (P = 0.558, P = 0.663). Prolonged surgery and younger age had an impact on the complications. One patient died of persistent hemorrhage at 96 h. Conclusion: Monitoring cardiovascular and metabolic dynamics at PICU during the first 24 h after surgery is crucial. Additional studies are needed to define the threshold values of several metabolic and hemodynamic markers in risk assessment after cranial vault surgery.

11.
PLoS Genet ; 13(3): e1006683, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28346496

RESUMO

Schinzel-Giedion syndrome (SGS) is a rare developmental disorder characterized by multiple malformations, severe neurological alterations and increased risk of malignancy. SGS is caused by de novo germline mutations clustering to a 12bp hotspot in exon 4 of SETBP1. Mutations in this hotspot disrupt a degron, a signal for the regulation of protein degradation, and lead to the accumulation of SETBP1 protein. Overlapping SETBP1 hotspot mutations have been observed recurrently as somatic events in leukemia. We collected clinical information of 47 SGS patients (including 26 novel cases) with germline SETBP1 mutations and of four individuals with a milder phenotype caused by de novo germline mutations adjacent to the SETBP1 hotspot. Different mutations within and around the SETBP1 hotspot have varying effects on SETBP1 stability and protein levels in vitro and in in silico modeling. Substitutions in SETBP1 residue I871 result in a weak increase in protein levels and mutations affecting this residue are significantly more frequent in SGS than in leukemia. On the other hand, substitutions in residue D868 lead to the largest increase in protein levels. Individuals with germline mutations affecting D868 have enhanced cell proliferation in vitro and higher incidence of cancer compared to patients with other germline SETBP1 mutations. Our findings substantiate that, despite their overlap, somatic SETBP1 mutations driving malignancy are more disruptive to the degron than germline SETBP1 mutations causing SGS. Additionally, this suggests that the functional threshold for the development of cancer driven by the disruption of the SETBP1 degron is higher than for the alteration in prenatal development in SGS. Drawing on previous studies of somatic SETBP1 mutations in leukemia, our results reveal a genotype-phenotype correlation in germline SETBP1 mutations spanning a molecular, cellular and clinical phenotype.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Mutação , Unhas Malformadas/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/metabolismo , Anormalidades Múltiplas/patologia , Western Blotting , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/metabolismo , Anormalidades Craniofaciais/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estudos de Associação Genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Células HEK293 , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão/metabolismo , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Deficiência Intelectual/metabolismo , Deficiência Intelectual/patologia , Masculino , Unhas Malformadas/metabolismo , Unhas Malformadas/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fenótipo
12.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 35(3): 338-343, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27193466

RESUMO

Mucopolysaccharidosis type III (MPS III) is a neurodegenerative disorder. In MPS III patients, heparan sulfate accumulates in many tissues especially the central nervous system. There are limited data regarding bone involvement in MPS III compared to other MPS types. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) and the prevalence of low bone mass, and to explore the association between BMD, vitamin D levels, bone fracture, and patient characteristics in MPS III. A clinical assessment and interview was held to obtain data about family history, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), nutrition, walking capacity, bone fracture, epilepsy, and medical therapy of 15 patients with MPS III. Height, weight, and BMI z scores were calculated. Laboratory tests including 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D) were measured. BMD measurements for the lumbar spine were obtained using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). BMD z scores were adjusted for height-for-age z score (HAZ) to provide correction for height deficits. Lumbar spine BMD z score was low (<-1) in five patients for chronological age and normalized in two of five patients after adjustment for HAZ. Three patients continued to have low BMD; these were older than the other patients and one had a history of long bone fracture. Two of these patients were observed to have lost walking capacity at 10 and 14 years, and the other was walking with support. Six patients had deficient, and three patients had insufficient levels of 25-OH-D. Two osteoporotic patients had significantly lower levels of 25-OH-D. We found that older patients with immobility are at high risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture, and vitamin D deficiencies/insufficiencies are widely seen. We recommend monitoring BMD by DXA and checking vitamin D metabolism to assess low bone mass and fracture risk in older MPS III patients with immobility.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Mucopolissacaridose III/fisiopatologia , Absorciometria de Fóton , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 101(7): 2759-67, 2016 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27144933

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by near-total lack of body fat. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study natural history and disease burden of various subtypes of CGL. DESIGN: We attempted to ascertain nearly all patients with CGL in Turkey. SETTING: This was a nationwide study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 33 patients (22 families) with CGL and 30 healthy controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): We wanted to ascertain genotypes by sequencing of the known genes. Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate the extent of fat loss. Metabolic abnormalities and end-organ complications were measured on prospective follow-up. RESULTS: Analysis of the AGPAT2 gene revealed four previously reported and four novel mutations (CGL1; c.144C>A, c.667_705delinsCTGCG, c.268delC, and c.316+1G>T). Analysis of the BSCL2 gene revealed four different homozygous and one compound heterozygous possible disease-causing mutations (CGL2), including four novel mutations (c.280C>T, c.631delG, c.62A>T, and c.465-468delGACT). Two homozygous PTRF mutations (c.481-482insGTGA and c.259C>T) were identified (CGL4). Patients with CGL1 had preservation of adipose tissue in the palms, soles, scalp, and orbital region, and had relatively lower serum adiponectin levels as compared to CGL2 patients. CGL4 patients had myopathy and other distinct clinical features. All patients developed various metabolic abnormalities associated with insulin resistance. Hepatic involvement was more severe in CGL2. End-organ complications were observed at young ages. Two patients died at age 62 years from cardiovascular events. CONCLUSIONS: CGL patients from Turkey had both previously reported and novel mutations of the AGPAT2, BSCL2, and PTRF genes. Our study highlights the early onset of severe metabolic abnormalities and increased risk of end-organ complications in patients with CGL.


Assuntos
Lipodistrofia Generalizada Congênita/patologia , Aciltransferases/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Subunidades gama da Proteína de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Resistência à Insulina , Lipodistrofia Generalizada Congênita/complicações , Lipodistrofia Generalizada Congênita/diagnóstico , Lipodistrofia Generalizada Congênita/genética , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol ; 8(3): 360-4, 2016 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27086862

RESUMO

Hypophosphatasia is a rare inherited disorder of bone and mineral metabolism caused by a number of loss-of-function mutations in the ALPL gene. It is characterized by defective bone and tooth mineralisation associated with low serum and bone alkaline phosphatase activity. The clinical presentation of this disease is extremely variable. For this reason, the diagnosis can be difficult and is often missed out or delayed. Hypophosphatasia is classified into subtypes based on the age of onset and clinical features. The clinical severity is associated with the age at diagnosis and the lack of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase activity; the severe forms of hypophosphatasia are primarily perinatal and infantile forms. Severe forms may present with many neurological problems such as seizures, hypotonia, irritability. Herein, we report the case of an infantile hypophosphatasia patient who presented with pyridoxine-responsive seizures and a novel homozygous mutation in the ALPL gene was detected. There is a limited number of hypophosphatasia patients with pyridoxine-responsive seizures in the literature, so early diagnosis of infantile hypophosphatasia in the clinically compatible patients allows more effective postnatal care/management and genetic counseling for further pregnancies.


Assuntos
Fosfatase Alcalina/genética , Hipofosfatasia/genética , Mutação , Piridoxina/uso terapêutico , Convulsões/prevenção & controle , Calcitonina/uso terapêutico , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Furosemida/uso terapêutico , Homozigoto , Humanos , Hipofosfatasia/complicações , Hipofosfatasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recém-Nascido , Convulsões/complicações , Cloreto de Sódio/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Complexo Vitamínico B/uso terapêutico
15.
Fetal Pediatr Pathol ; 34(5): 287-306, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26376227

RESUMO

Skeletal dysplasias (SDs) constitute a group of heterogeneous disorders affecting growth morphology of the chondro-osseous tissues. Prenatal diagnosis of SD is a considerable clinical challenge due to phenotypic variability. We performed a retrospective analysis of the fetal autopsies series conducted between January 2006 and December 2012 at our center. SD was detected in 54 (10%) out of 542 fetal autopsy cases which included; 11.1% thanatophoric dysplasia (n = 6), 7.4% achondroplasia (n = 4), 3.7% osteogenesis imperfect (n = 2), 1.9% Jarcho-Levin Syndrome (n = 1), 1.9% arthrogryposis (n = 1), 1.9% Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen syndrome (n = 1), 72.1% of dysostosis cases (n = 39). All SD cases were diagnosed by ultrasonography. In 20 of the cases, amniocentesis was performed, 4 cases underwent molecular genetic analyses. Antenatal identification of dysplasia is important in the management of pregnancy and in genetic counseling. Our data analysis showed that SD is usually detected clinically after the 20th gestational week. Genetic analyses for SD may provide early diagnosis and management.


Assuntos
Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/patologia , Anormalidades Múltiplas/epidemiologia , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/patologia , Autopsia , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Desenvolvimento Ósseo/genética , Osso e Ossos/anormalidades , Feminino , Doenças Fetais , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Eur J Med Genet ; 58(4): 238-42, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25682902

RESUMO

Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome is an autosomal recessive lipid storage disease characterized by non-bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, and involvement of the liver, muscles and central nervous system due to a multisystemic accumulation of neutral lipids in various types of cells. Less than 100 affected individuals have been reported worldwide, the majority from the Mediterranean and Middle-East countries, especially Turkey. We present clinical and molecular data of four affected relatives with Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome homozygous for a N209X mutation in ABHD5, and provide a short review by comparing patients with N209X homozygous mutations to patients with other ABHD5 mutations. No major clinical differences exist between individuals with an N209X mutation and those with other mutations, which argues against a genotype/phenotype correlation.


Assuntos
1-Acilglicerol-3-Fosfato O-Aciltransferase/genética , Eritrodermia Ictiosiforme Congênita/genética , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/genética , Doenças Musculares/genética , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Eritrodermia Ictiosiforme Congênita/diagnóstico , Lactente , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo Lipídico/diagnóstico , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Doenças Musculares/diagnóstico , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Turk J Pediatr ; 57(6): 599-604, 2015 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27735799

RESUMO

Celiac disease is an autoimmune, gastrointestinal disorder characterized by intolerance to the dietary grain protein gluten. An increased prevalence of celiac disease has been reported in Down syndrome and Turner syndrome, but there has been only few previous reports with respect to the association of celiac disease in Williams-Beuren syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of celiac disease in our 24 Williams-Beuren syndrome patients. Gastrointestinal problems and celiac disease symptoms of patients were noted. All patients were analyzed by the titer of tissue transglutaminases IgA and IgG. HLA genotyping and intestinal biopsy was performed to the patients with positive serology. We also performed gluten free diet in the presence of compatible symptoms, serology, HLA genotyping and intestinal biopsy. In our study, two patients had positive tTG antibodies, but only one had positive biopsy finding for celiac disease. The frequency of celiac disease in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome was estimated as 1/24 (4.1%). Though the number of participants in this study was limited, the results show that the frequency of celiac disease is higher in Williams-Beuren syndrome compared to the general population. We suggest that a high suspicion and testing for celiac disease should be recommended at certain intervals in all cases with Williams-Beuren syndrome to detect the cause of growth retardation and gastrointestinal problems.


Assuntos
Doença Celíaca/complicações , Síndrome de Williams/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Biópsia , Doença Celíaca/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Síndrome de Down/complicações , Feminino , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/sangue , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA/genética , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Lactente , Masculino , Prevalência , Transglutaminases/sangue , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Child Neurol ; 30(6): 760-3, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25122110

RESUMO

Mercury poisoning is a rare but fatal toxicologic emergency. Neurologic manifestations involving the central nervous system are seen usually with chronic mercury intoxication. The most commonly seen complaints are headache, tremor, impaired cognitive skills, weakness, muscle atrophy, and paresthesia. Here, we present a male patient who was chronically exposed to elemental mercury and had papilledema and intracranial hypertension without parenchymal lesion in the central nervous system. A 12-year-old male patient was referred to our emergency room because of severe fatigue, generalized muscle pain and weakness, which was present for a month. Physical examination revealed painful extremities, decreased motor strength and the lack of deep tendon reflexes in lower extremities. He had mixed type polyneuropathy in his electromyography. Whole blood and 24-hour urinary mercury concentrations were high. A chelation therapy with succimer (dimercaptosuccinic acid) was started on the fourth day of his admission. On the seventh day of his admission, he developed headache and nausea, and bilateral papilledema and intracranial hypertension were detected on physical examination. Acetazolamide was started and after 1 month of treatment, the fundi examination was normal. The patient stayed in the hospital for 35 days and was then discharged with acetazolamide, vitamin B6, gabapentin, and followed as an outpatient. His clinical findings were relieving day by day. Although headache is the most common symptom in mercury poisoning, the clinician should evaluate the fundus in terms of intracranial hypertension.


Assuntos
Acetazolamida/uso terapêutico , Terapia por Quelação/métodos , Hipertensão Intracraniana/etiologia , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/diagnóstico , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Serviços Comunitários de Saúde Mental , Humanos , Hipertensão Intracraniana/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Intoxicação por Mercúrio/fisiopatologia , Papiledema/etiologia
20.
Pediatr Neurol ; 50(5): 482-90, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24656465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 mutations have been associated with the craniosynostotic conditions of Apert, Crouzon, Pfeiffer, Saethre-Chotzen, Jackson-Weiss, Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata, and Antley-Bixler syndromes in various ethnic groups. METHODS: Thirty-three unrelated Turkish patients (12 with Apert syndrome, 14 with Crouzon syndrome, six with Pfeiffer syndrome, and one with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome) and 67 nonsyndromic craniosynostosis patients were screened for mutations in exons IIIa and IIIc of the FGFR2 gene by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography and confirmed by direct sequencing. RESULTS: We detected several pathogenic mutations in 11/33 (33%) patients with Apert syndrome (four with p.Pro253Arg; seven with p.Ser252Trp) and 8/33 (24%) patients with Crouzon syndrome (three with p.Trp290Arg, one with p.Cys342Tyr, p.Cys278Phe, p.Gln289Pro, and a novel p.Tyr340Asn mutation) and five (15%) with Pfeiffer syndrome (p.Cys342Arg, p.Pro253Arg, p.Trp290Arg, and p.Ser351Cys). No FGFR2 gene mutation was detected in any of the patients with Saethre-Chotzen syndrome and nonsyndromic craniosynostosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that the majority of Turkish patients with syndromic craniosynostosis have detectable genetic changes with an overall frequency of 72.7%. Because this is the first molecular genetic report from a Turkish cohort, the identified spectrum profile of FGFR2 mutations of the syndromic craniosynostotic patients would be very helpful for understanding the genotype-phenotype relationship and has a great value for diagnosis, prognosis, and genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Acrocefalossindactilia/genética , Disostose Craniofacial/genética , Craniossinostoses/genética , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Éxons , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Adulto Jovem
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