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1.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481698

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to show the combined effect of weight gain within normal weight range in adulthood and parental HT on the prevalence of HT. The study subjects were 44,998 individuals (19,039 men and 25,959 women) with normal weight (body mass index [BMI] 18.5-24.9) aged 35-69 years who participated in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. They were categorized into six groups by weight gain from age 20 years (<10 kg, and ≥10 kg) and by the number of parents having HT (no parent, one parent, and both parents). Odds ratios for HT were estimated after adjustment for age, sex, current BMI, estimated daily sodium intake, and other confounding factors. The prevalence of HT (31.5% in total subjects) gradually increased with greater weight gain from age 20 years and with greater number of parents with HT. Subjects who gained weight ≥10 kg and having both parents with HT showed the highest risk of having HT compared with those who gained weight <10 kg without parental HT (59.8% vs. 24.9%, odds ratio 4.25, 95% CI 3.53-5.13 after adjustment). This association was similarly observed in any category of age, sex, and BMI. Subjects who gained weight within normal range of BMI and having one or both parent(s) with HT showed the higher risk of having HT independent of their attained BMI in their middle ages. Thus, subjects having parent(s) with HT should avoid gaining their weight during adulthood, even within normal range of BMI, to reduce the risk of having HT.

2.
Nutrients ; 11(5)2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052301

RESUMO

: The association between nutrient patterns and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has not been examined in a Japanese population. A cross-sectional study was performed on 30,108 participants (aged 35-69 years) in the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Dietary intake was assessed using a 46-item food frequency questionnaire. MetS was diagnosed according to the Joint Interim Statement Criteria of 2009, using body mass index instead of waist circumference. Factor analysis was applied to energy-adjusted intake of 21 nutrients, and three nutrient patterns were extracted: Factor 1 (fiber, potassium and vitamins pattern); Factor 2 (fats and fat-soluble vitamins pattern); and Factor 3 (saturated fatty acids, calcium and vitamin B2 pattern). In multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex, age, and other potential confounders, Factor 1 scores were associated with a significantly reduced odds ratio (OR) of MetS and all five components. Factor 2 scores were associated with significantly increased prevalence of MetS, obesity, and high blood pressure. Factor 3 scores were significantly associated with lower OR of MetS, high blood pressure, high serum triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol levels. Analysis of nutrient patterns may be useful to assess the overall quality of diet and its association with MetS.

3.
Endocrine ; 64(3): 552-563, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011988

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate independent relationships of daily non-exercise life activity and leisure-time exercise volume and intensity with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its traits in Japanese adults. METHODS: Data of 24,625 eligible subjects (12,709 men, 11,916 women) who participated in the baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study were analyzed. Information about lifestyle characteristics was obtained from a questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the independent associations of daily life activity as well as leisure-time exercise volume and intensity with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its traits by sex. RESULTS: Male subjects with higher daily life activity as well as with higher leisure-time exercise volume had a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome, independently with each other. Female subjects with higher daily life activity also had a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Particularly, male and female subjects with the highest daily life activity quartile showed considerably low odds ratios of 0.66 (95% CI, 0.53-0.81) and 0.64 (0.52-0.79), respectively, for low HDL-cholesterol even after the adjustment for BMI compared with the first quartile. Meanwhile, male subjects with the higher leisure-time exercise showed a quite lower prevalence of elevated triglycerides. Higher moderate-intensity exercise was more intensely associated with a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome and some of its traits in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that higher daily life activity and higher moderate-intensity exercise may be independently associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome in Japanese adults.

4.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 30(5): 855-864, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30975718

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A family history of urolithiasis is associated with a more than doubling of urolithiasis risk, and a twin study estimating 56% heritability of the condition suggests a pivotal role for host genetic factors. However, previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified only six risk-related loci. METHODS: To identify novel urolithiasis-related loci in the Japanese population, we performed a large-scale GWAS of 11,130 cases and 187,639 controls, followed by a replication analysis of 2289 cases and 3817 controls. Diagnosis of urolithiasis was confirmed either by a clinician or using medical records or self-report. We also assessed the association of urolithiasis loci with 16 quantitative traits, including metabolic, kidney-related, and electrolyte traits (such as body mass index, lipid storage, eGFR, serum uric acid, and serum calcium), using up to 160,000 samples from BioBank Japan. RESULTS: The analysis identified 14 significant loci, including nine novel loci. Ten regions showed a significant association with at least one quantitative trait, including metabolic, kidney-related, and electrolyte traits, suggesting a common genetic basis for urolithiasis and these quantitative traits. Four novel loci were related to metabolic traits, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, or hyperuricemia. The remaining ten loci were associated with kidney- or electrolyte-related traits; these may affect crystallization. Weighted genetic risk score analysis indicated that the highest risk group (top 20%) showed an odds ratio of 1.71 (95% confidence interval, 1.42 to 2.06) - 2.13 (95% confidence interval, 2.00 to 2.27) compared with the reference group (bottom 20%). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide evidence that host genetic factors related to regulation of metabolic and crystallization pathways contribute to the development of urolithiasis.

5.
Sleep ; 42(6)2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810208

RESUMO

Usual sleep duration has substantial heritability and is associated with various physical and psychiatric conditions as well as mortality. However, for its genetic locus, only PAX8 and VRK2 have been replicated in previous genome-wide association studies (GWAS). We conducted a GWAS meta-analysis of self-reported usual sleep duration using three population-based cohorts totaling 31 230 Japanese individuals. A genome-wide significant locus was identified at 12q24 (p-value < 5.0 × 10-8). Subsequently, a functional variant in the ALDH2 locus, rs671, was replicated in an independent sample of 5140 Japanese individuals (p-value = 0.004). The association signal, however, disappeared after adjusting for alcohol consumption, indicating the possibility that the rs671 genotype modifies sleep duration via alcohol consumption. This hypothesis explained a modest genetic correlation observed between sleep duration and alcohol consumption (rG = 0.23). A Mendelian randomization analysis using rs671 and other variants as instrumental variables confirmed this by showing a causal effect of alcohol consumption, but not of coffee consumption on sleep duration. Another genome-wide significant locus was identified at 5q33 after adjusting for drinking frequency. However, this locus was not replicated, nor was the PAX8 and VRK2. Our study has confirmed that a functional ALDH2 variant, rs671, most strongly influences on usual sleep duration possibly via alcohol consumption in the Japanese population, and presumably in East Asian populations. This highlights the importance of considering the involvement of alcohol consumption in future GWAS of usual sleep duration, even in non-East Asian populations, where rs671 is monomorphic.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(48): e13241, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508907

RESUMO

Brief exposure to passive smoking immediately elevates blood pressure. However, little is known about the association between exposure to passive smoking and chronic hypertension. We aimed to examine this association in a cross-sectional study, after controlling multiple potential confounders.Participants included 32,098 lifetime nonsmokers (7,216 men and 24,882 women) enrolled in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Passive smoking was assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. The single question about exposure to passive smoking had five response options: "sometimes or almost never," "almost every day, 2 hours/day or less," "almost every day, 2 to 4 hours/day," "almost every day, 4 to 6 hours/day," and "almost every day, 6 hours/day or longer." Hypertension was defined as any of the following: systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, or use of antihypertensive medication. Multivariate-adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for hypertension were estimated by exposure level to passive smoking using unconditional logistic regression models.The multivariate-adjusted OR for hypertension in those exposed almost every day was 1.11 (95% CI: 1.03-1.20) compared with those exposed sometimes or almost never. The OR for a 1-hour per day increase in exposure was 1.03 (95% CI: 1.01-1.06, Pfor trend = .006). This association was stronger in men than in women; the ORs were 1.08 (95% CI: 1.01-1.15, Pfor trend = .036) and 1.03 (95% CI: 1.00-1.05, Pfor trend = .055), respectively.Our findings suggest importance of tobacco smoke control for preventing hypertension.

7.
Med Sci Sports Exerc ; 50(12): 2433-2441, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30102679

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although several genetic factors may play a role in leisure-time exercise behavior, there is currently no evidence of a significant genomewide association, and candidate gene replication studies have produced inconsistent results. METHODS: We conducted a two-stage genomewide association study and candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) association study on leisure-time exercise behavior using 13,980 discovery samples from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) study, and 2036 replication samples from the Hospital-based Epidemiologic Research Program at Aichi Cancer Center-2 study. Leisure-time physical activity was measured using a self-administered questionnaire that inquired about the type, frequency and duration of exercise. Participants with ≥4 MET·h·wk of leisure-time physical activity were defined as exhibiting leisure-time exercise behavior. Association testing using mixed linear regression models was performed on the discovery and replication samples, after which the results were combined in a meta-analysis. In addition, we tested six candidate genetic variants derived from previous genomewide association study. RESULTS: We found that one novel SNP (rs10252228) located in the intergenic region between NPSR1 and DPY19L1 was significantly associated with leisure-time exercise behavior in discovery samples. This association was also significant in replication samples (combined P value by meta-analysis = 2.2 × 10). Several SNP linked with rs10252228 were significantly associated with gene expression of DPY19L1 and DP19L2P1 in skeletal muscle, heart, whole blood, and the nervous system. Among the candidate SNP, rs12612420 in DNAPTP6 demonstrated nominal significance in discovery samples but not in replication samples. CONCLUSIONS: We identified a novel genetic variant associated with regular leisure-time exercise behavior. Further functional studies are required to validate the role of these variants in exercise behavior.

8.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 2018 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30146708

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem worldwide including Japan. Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have discovered CKD susceptibility variants. We developed a genetic risk score (GRS) based on CKD-associated variants and assessed a possibility that the GRS can improve the discrimination capability for the prevalence of CKD in a Japanese population. The present study consists of 11,283 participants randomly selected from 12 Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study sites. Individual GRS was constructed combining 18 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) identified in a Japanese population. Participants with eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 was defined as case (stage 3 CKD or higher) in this study. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between the GRS and CKD risk with adjustment for sex, age, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The frequency of individuals with CKD was 8.3%, which was relatively low compared with those previously reported in a Japanese population. The odds ratio of having CKD was 1.120 (95% confidence interval: 1.042-1.203) per 10 GRS increment in the fully adjusted model (P = 0.002). The C-statistic was significantly increased in the model with the GRS, comparing with the model without the GRS (0.720 vs. 0.719, Pdifference = 0.008). Increment of the GRS was associated with increased risk of CKD. Additionally, the GRS significantly improved the discriminatory ability of CKD prevalence in a Japanese population; however, the improvement of discriminatory ability brought about by the GRS seemed to be small compared with that of non-genetic CKD risk factors. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Am J Nephrol ; 47(5): 304-316, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29779033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a rapidly growing, worldwide public health problem. Recent advances in genome-wide-association studies (GWAS) revealed several genetic loci associated with renal function traits worldwide. METHODS: We investigated the association of genetic factors with the levels of serum creatinine (SCr) and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in Japanese population-based cohorts analyzing the GWAS imputed data with 11,221 subjects and 12,617,569 variants, and replicated the findings with the 148,829 hospital-based Japanese subjects. RESULTS: In the discovery phase, 28 variants within 4 loci (chromosome [chr] 2 with 8 variants including rs3770636 in the LDL receptor related protein 2 gene locus, on chr 5 with 2 variants including rs270184, chr 17 with 15 variants including rs3785837 in the BCAS3 gene locus, and chr 18 with 3 variants including rs74183647 in the nuclear factor of -activated T-cells 1 gene locus) reached the suggestive level of p < 1 × 10-6 in association with eGFR and SCr, and 2 variants on chr 4 (including rs78351985 in the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein gene locus) fulfilled the suggestive level in association with the risk of CKD. In the replication phase, 25 variants within 3 loci (chr 2 with 7 variants, chr 17 with 15 variants and chr 18 with 3 variants) in association with eGFR and SCr, and 2 variants on chr 4 associated with the risk of CKD became nominally statistically significant after Bonferroni correction, among which 15 variants on chr 17 and 3 variants on chr 18 reached genome-wide significance of p < 5 × 10-8 in the combined study meta-analysis. The associations of the loci on chr 2 and 18 with eGFR and SCr as well as that on chr 4 with CKD risk have not been previously reported in the Japanese and East Asian populations. CONCLUSION: Although the present GWAS of renal function traits included the largest sample of Japanese participants to date, we did not identify novel loci for renal traits. However, we identified the novel associations of the genetic loci on chr 2, 4, and 18 with renal function traits in the Japanese population, suggesting these are transethnic loci. Further investigations of these associations are expected to further validate our findings for the potential establishment of personalized prevention of renal disease in the Japanese and East Asian populations.

10.
Hum Mol Genet ; 27(8): 1486-1496, 2018 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29452408

RESUMO

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide for which 15 disease-associated loci had been discovered. Among them, only 5 loci have been associated with POAG in Asians. We carried out a genome-wide association study and a replication study that included a total of 7378 POAG cases and 36 385 controls from a Japanese population. After combining the genome-wide association study and the two replication sets, we identified 11 POAG-associated loci, including 4 known (CDKN2B-AS1, ABCA1, SIX6 and AFAP1) and 7 novel loci (FNDC3B, ANKRD55-MAP3K1, LMX1B, LHPP, HMGA2, MEIS2 and LOXL1) at a genome-wide significance level (P < 5.0×10-8), bringing the total number of POAG-susceptibility loci to 22. The 7 novel variants were subsequently evaluated in a multiethnic population comprising non-Japanese East Asians (1008 cases, 591 controls), Europeans (5008 cases, 35 472 controls) and Africans (2341 cases, 2037 controls). The candidate genes located within the new loci were related to ocular development (LMX1B, HMGA2 and MAP3K1) and glaucoma-related phenotypes (FNDC3B, LMX1B and LOXL1). Pathway analysis suggested epidermal growth factor receptor signaling might be involved in POAG pathogenesis. Genetic correlation analysis revealed the relationships between POAG and systemic diseases, including type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. These results improve our understanding of the genetic factors that affect the risk of developing POAG and provide new insight into the genetic architecture of POAG in Asians.

11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 1493, 2018 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29367735

RESUMO

Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages worldwide, and its role in human health has received much attention. Although genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have investigated genetic variants associated with coffee consumption in European populations, no such study has yet been conducted in an Asian population. Here, we conducted a GWAS to identify common genetic variations that affected coffee consumption in a Japanese population of 11,261 participants recruited as a part of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) study. Coffee consumption was collected using a self-administered questionnaire, and converted from categories to cups/day. In the discovery stage (n = 6,312), we found 2 independent loci (12q24.12-13 and 5q33.3) that met suggestive significance (P < 1 × 10-6). In the replication stage (n = 4,949), the lead variant for the 12q24.12-13 locus (rs2074356) was significantly associated with habitual coffee consumption (P = 2.2 × 10-6), whereas the lead variant for the 5q33.3 locus (rs1957553) was not (P = 0.53). A meta-analysis of the discovery and replication populations, and the combined analysis using all subjects, revealed that rs2074356 achieved genome-wide significance (P = 2.2 × 10-16 for a meta-analysis). These findings indicate that the 12q24.12-13 locus is associated with coffee consumption among a Japanese population.

12.
J Epidemiol ; 28(4): 185-193, 2018 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29176272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although beneficial associations have been reported between moderate alcohol intake and the serum lipid profile, it is unclear whether polymorphisms in alcohol-metabolizing enzymes can modify these associations. Here, we assessed the effects of ADH1B His48Arg (rs1229984), ALDH2 Glu504Lys (rs671), and their combination on these associations. Furthermore, we examined if the findings for ALDH2 could be replicated. METHODS: We categorized 889 male participants in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study into two groups based on presence or absence of minor allele(s) or four groups based on genotype combinations. We performed regression analyses of serum lipid concentrations on alcohol intake, with multivariable adjustment. The replication study was conducted among 2,562 men in the Shizuoka part of the J-MICC Study. RESULTS: The ALDH2 Glu/Lys or Lys/Lys groups showed significant decreases in serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol with increasing alcohol consumption; the coefficient per intake increase of 10 g/day was -2.49 mg/dL (95% confidence interval [CI], -3.85 to -1.13), and a significant interaction with the polymorphism was confirmed (P for interaction = 0.006). This inverse correlation was more evident among the ADH1B His/His + ALDH2 Glu/Lys or Lys/Lys groups (-3.24 mg/dL, 95% CI, -5.03 to -1.45). Serum triglycerides were positively associated with alcohol consumption in the ADH1B His/His group (P for interaction = 0.020). The stronger association between serum LDL cholesterol and alcohol consumption in the ALDH2 Glu/Lys or Lys/Lys groups was replicated. CONCLUSIONS: The ALDH2 Glu504Lys polymorphism can modify the association between alcohol intake and serum LDL cholesterol in Japanese men.


Assuntos
Álcool Desidrogenase/genética , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/sangue , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/genética , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Lipoproteínas LDL/sangue , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Estudos de Coortes , Genótipo , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Br J Nutr ; 118(6): 463-472, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28980890

RESUMO

Although higher circulating levels of oestrogen are related to postmenopausal breast cancer risk, limited information is available regarding effects of diet on endogenous oestrogen. Thus, we examined associations between macronutrient intakes and serum oestrogen with consideration of polymorphisms in oestrogen-metabolising genes. In this cross-sectional study, 784 naturally menopaused Japanese women aged 47-69 years were selected from participants of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. We documented dietary intakes, measured serum concentrations of oestrone (E1) and oestradiol (E2) and genotyped polymorphisms in oestrogen-metabolising CYP19A1 (rs4441215 and rs936306) and HSD17B1 (rs605059) genes. Trends and interactions were examined using linear regression models. In addition, we calculated the ratios of the oestrogen concentrations of the second to the highest quartiles (Q2-Q4) of dietary intake to those of the lowest quartiles (Q1). After adjustment for potential confounders, E2 was significantly associated with intake of carbohydrate and noodles; ratios of Q4 v. Q1 were 1·15 (95 % CI 1·04, 1·28) and 1·15 (95 % CI 1·04, 1·26), respectively. In contrast, E2 levels were inversely associated with intake of total energy, SFA and n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (n-3 HUFA); ratios of Q4 v. Q1 were 0·90 (95 % CI 0·82, 0·99), 0·89 (95 % CI 0·81, 0·98) and 0·91 (95 % CI 0·83, 1·00), respectively. In stratified analysis by polymorphisms, the rs605059 genotype of HSD17B1 significantly modified associations of E2 with intake of n-3 HUFA and fish; the associations were limited to those with the CC genotype. Macronutrient intakes were associated with serum E2 level, and these associations may be modified by HSD17B1 polymorphism in postmenopausal women.


Assuntos
Aromatase/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Dieta , Estradiol Desidrogenases/genética , Estrogênios/sangue , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Pós-Menopausa/sangue , Idoso , Animais , Estudos Transversais , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Gorduras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Estradiol/sangue , Ácidos Graxos/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/sangue , Feminino , Peixes , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Humanos , Japão , Estilo de Vida , Modelos Lineares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alimentos Marinhos , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 24(12): 1267-1281, 2017 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28904253

RESUMO

AIM: Stroke is associated closely with vascular homeostasis, and several complex processes and interacting pathways, which involve various genetic and environmental factors, contribute to the risk of stroke. Although adrenomedullin (ADM) has a number of physiological and vasoprotective functions, there are few studies of the ADM receptor system in humans. The ADM receptor comprises a calcitonin-receptor-like receptor (CLR) and receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs). We analyzed single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the RAMP2 and CLR genes to determine their association with stroke in the light of gene-environment interactions. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study in the baseline surveys, 14,087 participants from 12 research areas were genotyped. We conducted a hypothesis-based association between stroke prevalence and SNPs in the RAMP2 and CLR genes based on data abstracted from two SNPs in RAMP2 and 369 SNPs in CLR. We selected five SNPs from among the CLR variants (rs77035639, rs3815524, rs75380157, rs574603859, and rs147565266) and one RAMP2 SNP (rs753152), which were associated with stroke, for analysis. RESULTS: Five of the SNPs (rs77035639, rs3815524, rs75380157, rs147565266, and rs753152) showed no significant association with obesity, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. In the logistic regression analysis, rs574603859 had a lower odds ratio (0.238; 95% confidence interval, 0.076-0.745, adjusted for age, sex, and research area) and the other SNPs had higher odds ratios for association with stroke. CONCLUSIONS: This was the first study to investigate the relationships between ADM receptor genes (RAMP2 and CLR) and stroke in the light of gene-environment interactions in human.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Proteína Semelhante a Receptor de Calcitonina/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína 2 Modificadora da Atividade de Receptores/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
15.
J Epidemiol ; 27(7): 331-337, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28302344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although open-ended dietary assessment methods, such as weighed food records (WFRs), are generally considered to be comparable, differences between procedures may influence outcome when WFRs are conducted independently. In this paper, we assess the procedures of WFRs in two studies to describe their dietary assessment procedures and compare the subsequent outcomes. METHODS: WFRs of 12 days (3 days for four seasons) were conducted as reference methods for intake data, in accordance with the study protocol, among a subsample of participants of two large cohort studies. We compared the WFR procedures descriptively. We also compared some dietary intake variables, such as the frequency of foods and dishes and contributing foods, to determine whether there were differences in the portion size distribution and intra- and inter-individual variation in nutrient intakes caused by the difference in procedures. RESULTS: General procedures of the dietary records were conducted in accordance with the National Health and Nutrition Survey and were the same for both studies. Differences were seen in 1) selection of multiple days (non-consecutive days versus consecutive days); and 2) survey sheet recording method (individual versus family participation). However, the foods contributing to intake of energy and selected nutrients, the portion size distribution, and intra- and inter-individual variation in nutrient intakes were similar between the two studies. CONCLUSION: Our comparison of WFR procedures in two independent studies revealed several differences. Notwithstanding these procedural differences, however, the subsequent outcomes were similar.


Assuntos
Registros de Dieta , Inquéritos sobre Dietas/métodos , Estudos de Validação como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Gastric Cancer ; 20(2): 246-253, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27053167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A family history of gastric cancer (GC) is a well-known risk factor of GC. Genetic variations in genes of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) have been related to the risk of GC, but their association with familial background is not clear. We investigated whether individuals with a multiple family history of GC have more risk genotypes of MMP/TIMP genes. METHODS: We genotyped ten common functional polymorphisms of MMP/TIMP genes in 4427 individuals aged 35-69 years without a history of GC who were enrolled in the Japan Multi-institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Individuals who have two or more first-degree relatives (parents and siblings) with GC were categorized as having a multiple family history. Odds ratios (ORs) for multiple family history compared with no family history were calculated. RESULTS: MMP9 279QQ (rs17576) was more frequently observed in individuals whose both parents had a history of GC (n = 23) and in individuals for whom one parent and their sibling(s) had a history of GC (n = 36) compared with those with no family history (n = 3816) [30.4 % vs 11.6 %, OR 4.34, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.45-13.03 and 16.7 % vs 11.6 %, OR 2.26, 95 % CI 0.81-6.27 after adjustment for age, sex, and current smoking]. The population attributable fraction was 38.1 %. The haplotype MMP9-1562C/279Q/668Q was more frequently observed in individuals whose both parents had a history of GC and in individuals for whom one parent and their sibling(s) had a history of GC compared with those with no family history (OR 3.35, 95 % CI 0.75-14.96 and OR 3.51, 95 % CI 1.35-9.15 respectively). CONCLUSIONS: MMP9 polymorphisms were associated with a multiple family history of GC. Screening for these genotypes together with familial background may help us to identify individuals at an increased risk of GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
17.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 26(4): 269-276, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27149637

RESUMO

Although colorectal cancer (CRC), a major type of cancer worldwide, has shown a proximal or right-sided shift in subsite distribution in western countries, trends in subsite incidence in Asian countries remain unclear. Here, we evaluated subsite-specific trends in CRC incidence rate between 1978 and 2004 in Japan using large data from 10 population-based cancer registries. The colorectal sites (C18-C20) were categorized into three groups: proximal colon (C18.0-C18.5), distal colon (C18.6-C18.7), and rectum (C19.9 and C20.9). Trends in age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs) were characterized by joinpoint regression analysis. A total of 303 802 CRC cases were analyzed. Overall, ASRs increased remarkably until 1993, with an annual percentage change (APC) of 4.9%, and then stabilized thereafter. By subsite, however, ASRs of proximal colon significantly increased, with APCs of 7.1% (1978-1991), 3.8% (1991-1996), and 0.9% (1996-2004); distal colon showed an initial significant increase, with an APC of 7.6%, but stabilized from 1991 until the end of observation; and rectal cancer showed an initial significant increase, with APCs of 1.9% (1978-1988) and 5.6% (1988-1992), but then decreased abruptly in 1992, the year CRC screening was introduced nationwide, with an APC of -1.0%. Thus, we revealed that changes in incidence trends for the three anatomic sites apparently began to differ in the 1990s. Careful monitoring is necessary to confirm whether these trends are changing in the Japanese population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/classificação , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Nutrients ; 8(9)2016 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27608039

RESUMO

Interactions between dietary patterns and 2 ß-adrenergic receptor (ADRß) gene polymorphisms (ADRß2 Gln27Glu and ADRß3 Trp64Arg) were examined with regard to the effects on serum triglyceride levels. The cross-sectional study comprised 1720 men and women (aged 35-69 years) enrolled in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study. Genotyping was conducted using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction-based invader assay. We used 46 items from a validated short food frequency questionnaire and examined major dietary patterns by factor analysis. We identified four dietary patterns: healthy, Western, seafood and bread patterns. There was no significant association between any dietary pattern and serum triglyceride levels. After a separate genotype-based analysis, significant interactions between ADRß3 Trp64Arg genotype and the bread pattern (p for interaction = 0.01) were associated with serum triglyceride levels; specifically, after adjusting for confounding factors, Arg allele carriers with the bread pattern had lower serum triglycerides (p for trend = 0.01). However, the Trp/Trp homozygous subjects with the bread pattern showed no association with serum triglycerides (p for trend = 0.55). Interactions between other dietary patterns and ADRß polymorphisms were not significant for serum triglyceride levels. Our findings suggest that ADRß3 polymorphism modifies the effects of the bread pattern on triglyceride levels.


Assuntos
Dieta , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/genética , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 3/genética , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Heterozigoto , Homozigoto , Humanos , Japão , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação Nutricional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Gene ; 594(1): 16-22, 2016 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27591970

RESUMO

SIRT1 acts as a cellular sensor to detect energy availability and modulates fat and glucose metabolism. This study assessed the effects of self-reported calorie restriction (CR) and exercise on correlations between SIRT1 polymorphisms and body mass index (BMI) and long-term weight change. This cross-sectional study enrolled 4023 subjects aged 35-69years (1847 men and 2176 women) selected from participants in the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. This study was based on a self-administered questionnaire. No significant correlations between SIRT1 polymorphisms and BMI or long-term weight change were found in either the CR or the active groups. In the no-CR group, women with the rs1467568 G allele had a higher BMI than women without (p=0.02). Moreover, women with the rs7895833 A or rs1467568 G allele gained more weight from the age of 20years than women without these alleles (p=0.03 for rs7895833 and p=0.003 for rs1467568). In addition, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of these alleles for overweight (BMI >27.5kg/m2) were significantly high in the no-CR women group (1.78 (1.06-2.99) for rs7895833 and 1.88 (1.13-3.15) for rs1467568) but not in the CR group. The results of this study suggest that CR might override the genetic contributions of the SIRT1 rs7895833 A and rs1467568 G alleles to BMI and long-term weight change.


Assuntos
Alelos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Restrição Calórica , Sobrepeso/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Sirtuína 1/genética , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sobrepeso/patologia , Sobrepeso/terapia , Autorrelato , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Prev Med Rep ; 3: 288-95, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27419029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is closely involved in the development of type 2 diabetes, and cigarette smoking acts as potent inducer of inflammation. We therefore investigated interactions between inflammation-related gene polymorphisms and cigarette smoking on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in the Japanese general population. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional study using data collected from 2619 Japanese (1274 males and 1345 females) 40-69 years of age who participated in baseline survey of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study (2005-2008). Eight polymorphisms in seven genes (interleukin [IL]-1ß, IL-2, IL-4, IL-8, IL-10, IL-13 and tumor necrosis factor-α) were determined using the Invader assay. The interactions of smoking and gene polymorphisms on HbA1c levels were analyzed using multiple linear and logistic regression models and analysis of covariance with adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS: Among the eight polymorphisms, only one significant interaction was detected for IL-1ß T-31C (P < 0.0001). Among the subjects carrying TT genotype, current heavy smokers (≥ 20 cigarettes/day) had higher HbA1c (5.83 [95% confidence interval 5.67-5.99] %) versus all other smoking status groups (never 5.49 [5.41-5.56] %, former 5.54 [5.43-5.65] %, current moderate [< 20 cigarettes/day] 5.50 [5.30-5.69] %), whereas such differences were not observed in the subjects with C allele. The logistic regression analyses regarding high-normal HbA1c levels showed a similar pattern of results. CONCLUSION: Smoking status did not interact with any other inflammation-related polymorphisms except for IL-1ß T-31C. Heavy smokers harboring the TT genotype of IL-1ß T-31C polymorphism show a greater adverse effect of smoking on HbA1c levels among Japanese middle-aged subjects.

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