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1.
Molecules ; 25(11)2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481516

RESUMO

Endohedral metal fullerene are potential nanopharmaceuticals for MRI; thus, it is important to study their effect on reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis. Superoxide anion radical is one of the key ROS. The reactivity of aqueous dispersions of pristine (non-functionalized) fullerenes and Gd@C82 endofullerene have been studied with respect to superoxide in the xanthine/xanthine oxidase chemiluminescence system. It was found that C60 and C70 in aqueous dispersions react with superoxide as scavengers by a similar mechanism; differences in activity are determined by cluster parameters, primarily the concentration of available, acting molecules at the surface. Gd endofullerene is characterized by a significantly (one-and-a-half to two orders of magnitude) higher reactivity with respect to C60 and C70 and is likely to exhibit nanozyme (SOD-mimic) properties, which can be accounted for by the nonuniform distribution of electron density of the fullerene cage due to the presence of the endohedral atom; however, in the cell model, Gd@C82 showed the lowest activity compared to C60 and C70, which can be accounted for by its higher affinity for the lipid phase.

2.
Appl Spectrosc ; 67(7): 709-17, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23816121

RESUMO

Procedures for the photothermal lens determination of metals and organic compounds, on the basis of solid-phase mesoporous optical-sensing materials (polymethacrylate [PMA]) matrices with immobilized reagents, were developed. These procedures combine (i) selective and efficient preconcentration of trace substances to be analyzed in specially designed and synthesized transparent mesoporous PMA plates; (ii) sensitive determination with the reliable and traceable photometric reactions previously developed for classical spectrophotometry; and (iii) the sensitivity enhancement of photothermal lens detection in polymers, which provides at least a ten-fold increase in sensitivity compared with solutions due to polymer thermo-optical properties (solid phase-enhanced thermal lensing). It is shown that the overall sensitivity of photothermal lens measurements in PMA matrices is two orders higher than photometric absorbance measurements for the same excitation source power, which is in good agreement with the expected theoretical sensitivity. Changes in the preparation of transparent PMA plates and analytical procedures for photothermal measurements compared with spectrophotometry are discussed. PMA matrices modified with various analytical reagents were applied to trace determination of Hg(II), Fe(II), Ag(I), Cu(II), and ascorbic acid, with subnanomolar to nanomolar limits of detection.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico/análise , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Metais/análise , Metais/química , Microquímica/métodos , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Espectrofotometria/métodos , Calefação/métodos , Lentes , Luz , Microquímica/instrumentação , Porosidade , Espectrofotometria/instrumentação
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