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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Middle cluneal nerve entrapment (MCN-E) around the sacroiliac joint can elicit low back pain (LBP). Pain control can be obtained with anesthetic nerve blocks; however, when their effectiveness is transient, surgical release may be necessary. We investigated the efficacy of radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFTC) in patients with MCN-E. METHODS: Between December 2018 and August 2019, 11 consecutive patients (4 men, 7 women; mean age 76.4 years) with intractable medial buttock pain due to MCN-E underwent MCN RFTC. The mean symptom duration was 49.5 months; pre-RFTC local MCN blocks provided pain relief for a mean of 7.7 days. The severity of pain in the medial buttock due to MCN-E was recorded before and 2, 6, 12, and 24 weeks after RFTC on the numerical rating scale (NRS) and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ). RESULTS: All patients reported pain alleviation; there were no complications. While there was a significant difference in the pre- and post-RFTC treatment NRS (p < 0.05), the RDQ scores were significantly lower only after 12 weeks. The duration of pain relief was significantly prolonged by RFTC (p < 0.05). Two patients suffered pain relapse 10 weeks post-RFTC; pain alleviation was obtained by re-RFTC performed 2 weeks after pain recurrence. Two other patients relapsed 20 and 21 weeks post-RFTC; their symptoms also disappeared by MCN block administered 24 weeks after they had undergone RFTC. CONCLUSION: RFTC may safely control intractable LBP due to MCN-E.

2.
Account Res ; : 1-20, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223327

RESUMO

In the United States, through nation-wide discussions, the procedures for handling allegations of research misconduct are now well established. Procedures are geared toward carefully treating both complainants and respondents fairly in accordance with the US framework. Other countries, which have their own cultural and legal framework, also need fair and legally compatible procedures for conducting investigations of allegations of research misconduct. Given the rapid growth of international collaboration in research, it is desirable to have a global standard, or common ground, for misconduct investigations. Institutions need clear guidance on important subjects such as what information should be included in the investigation reports, how the investigation committee should be organized once research misconduct allegation has been received, how to conduct the investigation, how the data and information obtained should be taken as evidence for vs. against misconduct, and what policies the investigation committee should follow. We explore these issues from the viewpoint of members of committees investigating accusations of research misconduct (hereafter referred to as "investigation committees") as well as persons overseeing the committees in Japan. We hope to engender productive discussions among experts in misconduct investigations, leading to a formulation of international standards for such investigation.

4.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e281-e287, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518739

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spot sign (SS) in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage has been reported to be a predictive factor of poor outcome; however, how SS is related with the clinical outcome remains unclear. We aimed to investigate how etiology associated with SS affects the clinical outcome of endoscopic surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 104 patients (43 women and 61 men, mean age: 64.2 ± 11.0 years) who underwent endoscopic surgery for supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage. The outcome variables analyzed were in-hospital mortality and modified Rankin scale score at 90 days from onset. RESULTS: The prevalence of intraventricular hemorrhage and the mean initial modified Graeb score were greater in SS-positive than in SS-negative patients (100% vs. 47.7%, P < 0.001, and 14.4 ± 5.4 vs. 10.6 ± 6.0, P = 0.03, respectively). Postoperative rebleeding occurred more frequently in SS-positive than -negative patients (25.0% vs. 6.8%, P = 0.045). The in-hospital mortality rate was 7.7% and was not significantly different between the groups (18.8% vs. 5.7%, P = 0.09). There was a significant unfavorable shift in modified Rankin scale scores at 90 days among SS-positive patients compared with SS-negative patients in an analysis with ordinal logistic regression (adjusted common odds ratio, 4.38; 95% confidence interval 0.06-0.79, P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Intraventricular hemorrhage and postoperative rebleeding were considered to be associated with the poor outcome in patients with SS. The SS on computed tomography angiography may be valuable in predicting rebleeding and clinical outcome after surgery.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuroendoscopia , Idoso , Dano Encefálico Crônico/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hematoma/complicações , Hematoma/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(10): 104307, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383620

RESUMO

Carotid artery dissection is a significant etiology of juvenile stroke. Blunt trauma from an elongated styloid process can rarely cause carotid artery dissection, which is one of well-known clinical presentations of Eagle's syndrome as known as stylocarotid syndrome. Growing number of publications contributed improved awareness and diagnostic modalities for this clinical entity, thus the carotid artery dissection from an elongated styloid process is often diagnosed appropriately. The management of carotid artery dissection in stylocarotid syndrome tends to be nonconservative (ie, removal of the process or carotid stenting) presumably due to a publication bias prone to surgical intervention. However, the compression of elongated styloid process to carotid artery is usually difficult or even dangerous to directly prove. Furthermore, stent fracture with subsequent stent and carotid artery occlusion has been reported as a complication of the treatment. Here, we report a male presenting with acute embolic stroke due to carotid artery dissection with the ipsilateral elongated styloid process who has been managed conservatively for more than 1.5 years without any sequelae. We will discuss the management strategy and emphasize the importance of patient education of daily life, since the surgical intervention seems not always necessary in this clinical setting.


Assuntos
Dissecação da Artéria Carótida Interna/terapia , Artéria Carótida Interna , Tratamento Conservador , Ossificação Heterotópica/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Osso Temporal/anormalidades , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Dissecação da Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Dissecação da Artéria Carótida Interna/etiologia , Terapia Combinada , Movimentos da Cabeça , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ossificação Heterotópica/complicações , Ossificação Heterotópica/diagnóstico por imagem , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Postura , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Osso Temporal/diagnóstico por imagem , Torção Mecânica , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 161(7): 1397-1401, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The causes of low back and buttock pain are variable. Elsewhere, we presented a surgical technical note addressing the gluteus medius muscle (GMeM) pain that elicited buttock pain treatable by surgical decompression. Here, we report minimum 2-year surgical outcomes of GMeM decompression for intractable buttock pain. METHODS: Between January 2014 and December 2015, we surgically treated 55 consecutive patients with a GMeM pain. Of these, 39 were followed for at least 2 years; they were included in this study. Their average age was 69.2 years; 17 were men and 22 were women. The affected side was unilateral in 24 patients and bilateral in the other 15 (total 54 sites). The mean follow-up period was 40.0 months (range 25-50 months). The severity of pre- and post-treatment pain was recorded on the numerical rating scale (NRS) and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ). RESULTS: Of the 39 patients, 35 also presented with leg symptoms. They were exacerbated by walking in all 39 patients and by prolonged sitting in 33 patients; 19 had a past history of lumbar surgery and 4 manifested failed back surgery syndrome. Repeat surgery for wider decompression was performed in 5 patients due to pain recurrence 15.8 months after the first operation. At the last follow-up, the symptoms were significantly improved; the average NRS fell from 7.4 to 2.1 and the RDQ score from 10.5 to 3.3 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: When diagnostic criteria are met, GMeM decompression under local anesthesia is a useful treatment for intractable buttock pain.

7.
Asian Spine J ; 13(5): 772-778, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079427

RESUMO

Study Design: Retrospective analysis. Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the features of low back pain (LBP) due to superior cluneal nerve (SCN) entrapment neuropathy (SCN-EN) using the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), and to analyze the differences between LBP due to SCN-EN and lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSS). Overview of Literature: The SCN is derived from the cutaneous branches of the dorsal rami of T11-L5 and passes through the thoracolumbar fascia. LBP due to SCN-EN is exacerbated by various types of lumbar movement, and its features remain to be fully elucidated, often resulting in the misdiagnosis of lumbar spine disorder. Methods: The present study included 35 consecutive patients with SCN-EN treated via nerve blocks or surgical release between April 2016 and August 2017 (SCN-EN group; 16 men, 19 women; mean age, 65.5±17.0 years; age range, 19-89 years). During the same period, 33 patients were surgically treated with LSS (LSS group; 19 men, 14 women; mean age, 65.3±12.0 years; age range, 35-84 years). The characteristics of LBP were then compared between patients with SCN-EN and those with LSS using the RMDQ. Results: The duration of disease was significantly longer in the SCN-EN group than in the LSS group (26.0 vs. 16.0 months, p =0.012). Median RMDQ scores were significantly higher in the SCN-EN group (13 points; interquartile range, 8-15 points) than in the LSS group (7 points; interquartile range, 4-9 points; p <0.001). For seven items (question number 1, 8, 11, and 20-23), the ratio of positive responses was higher in the SCN-EN group than in the LSS group. Conclusions: Patients with SCN-EN exhibit significantly higher RMDQ scores and greater levels of disability due to LBP than patients with LSS. The findings further demonstrate that SCN-EN may affect physical and psychological function.

8.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 161(4): 657-661, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830272

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ)-related pain is associated with low back- and buttock pain and the SIJ score is diagnostically useful because it helps to differentiate between SIJ-related pain and pain due to other factors such as lumbar disc herniation and lumbar spinal canal stenosis. Middle cluneal nerve (MCN) entrapment (MCN-E) can produce pain involving the lower back and buttocks. Therefore, the origin of the pain must be identified. We successfully treated patients with a high SIJ score whose pain was attributable to MCN-E. METHODS: Between August 2016 and June 2017, we treated 40 patients with non-specific low back pain. Among them, 18 (45%) presented with a positive SIJ score. Although SIJ treatment was unsuccessful in 4 of these patients, they responded to MCN-E treatment. RESULTS: All 4 patients reported tenderness at the site of the sacrotuberous ligament (STL); 3 were positive for the one-finger test and experienced pain while sitting in a chair. The effect of SIJ block was inadequate in the 4 patients. As they reported severe pain at the trigger point in the area of the MCN, we performed MCN blockage. It resulted in pain control. However, in 1 patient, the effect of MCN block was transient and required MCN neurolysis. At the last visit, our patients' symptoms were significantly improved; their average numerical rating scale score fell from 8.3 to 1.0, their Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire score fell from 12.8 to 0.3, and their average Japanese Orthopaedic Association score rose from 12.5 to 19.5. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with suspected SIJ-related pain, the presence of MCN-E must be considered when the effect of SIJ block is unsatisfactory.

9.
Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) ; 16(4): 486-495, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30873560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The jugular process forms the posteroinferior surface of the jugular foramen and is an important structure for surgical approaches to the foramen. However, its morphological features have not been well described in modern texts. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the microsurgical anatomy of the jugular process and examine its morphological features. METHODS: Five adult cadaveric specimens were dissected in a cadaveric study, and computed tomography data from 31 heads (62 sides) were examined using OsiriX (Pixmeo SARL, Bernex, Switzerland) to elucidate the morphological features of the jugular process. RESULTS: The cadaveric study showed that it has a close relationship with the sigmoid sinus, jugular bulb, rectus capitis lateralis, lateral atlanto-occipital ligament, and lateral and posterior condylar veins. The radiographic study showed that 9/62 sigmoid sinuses protruded inferiorly into the jugular process and that in 5/62 sides, this process was pneumatized. At the entry of the jugular foramen, if the temporal bone has a bulb-type jugular bulb, and if surgery concerns the right side of the head, the superior surface of the jugular process is more likely to be steep. CONCLUSION: The jugular process forms the posteroinferior border of the jugular foramen. Resection of the jugular process is a critical step for opening the jugular foramen from the posterior and lateral aspects. Understanding the morphological features of the jugular process, and preoperative and radiographical examination of this process thus help skull base surgeons to access the jugular foramen.

10.
J Neurosurg ; 131(6): 1905-1911, 2019 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30611142

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Subdural hygroma has been reported as a causative factor in the development of a chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) following a head trauma and/or neurosurgical procedure. In some CSDH cases, the presence of a 2-layered space delineated by the same or similar density of CSF surrounded by a superficial, residual hematoma is seen on CT imaging after evacuation of the hematoma. The aims of the present study were to test the hypothesis that the double-crescent sign (DCS), a unique imaging finding described here, is associated with the postoperative recurrence of CSDH, and to investigate other factors that are related to CSDH recurrence. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed data from 278 consecutive patients who underwent single burr-hole surgery for CSDH between April 2012 and March 2017. The DCS was defined as a postoperative CT finding, characterized by the following 2 layers: a superficial layer demonstrating residual hematoma after evacuation of the CSDH, and a deep layer between the brain's surface and the residual hematoma, depicted as a low-density space. Correlation of the recurrence of CSDH with the DCS was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression modeling. The authors also investigated other classic predictive factors including age, sex, past history of head injury, hematoma laterality, anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy administration, preoperative hematoma volume, postoperative residual hematoma volume, and postoperative brain reexpansion rate. RESULTS: A total of 277 patients (320 hemispheres) were reviewed. Fifty (18.1%) of the 277 patients experienced recurrence of CSDH within 3 months of surgery. CSDH recurred within 3 months of surgery in 32 of the 104 hemispheres with a positive DCS. Multivariate logistic analyses revealed that the presence of the DCS (OR 3.36, 95% CI 1.72-6.57, p < 0.001), large postoperative residual hematoma volume (OR 2.88, 95% CI 1.24-6.71, p = 0.014), anticoagulant therapy (OR 3.03, 95% CI 1.02-9.01, p = 0.046), and bilateral hematoma (OR 3.57, 95% CI 1.79-7.13, p < 0.001) were significant, independent predictors of CSDH recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the authors report that detection of the DCS within 7 days of surgery is an independent predictive factor for CSDH recurrence. They therefore advocate that clinicians should carefully monitor patients for postoperative DCS and subsequent CSDH recurrence.


Assuntos
Hematoma Subdural Crônico/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma Subdural Crônico/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Trepanação/tendências , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trepanação/efeitos adversos
12.
World Neurosurg ; 116: 305-308, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29864560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dermoid cysts are rare tumors usually seen in the midline structure of the brain but rarely arise in the petrous apex and cavernous sinus. There have been very few reports of dermoid cysts arising in the infratemporal fossa, with scarce anatomic descriptions. Here we report the case of a patient with a dermoid cyst in the left infratemporal fossa. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 43-year-old female with complaints of nonspecific headaches. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a cystic lesion measuring 25 × 18 × 15 mm in the left infratemporal fossa that had expanded the foramen ovale. The same lesion was observed as a high-intensity area on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with fat saturation. Diffusion-weighted MRI showed no restriction, unlike in cases of epidermoid cysts. A left fronto-temporo-sphenoidal craniotomy with a detachment of the zygoma was performed to approach the lesion. The tumor wall was continuously attached to the dura, although the tumor itself was entirely extradural in location. The V3 branch of the trigeminal nerve was firmly attached around the tumor. The tumor was cystic, and it shrunk after the fatty yellowish contents were suctioned. Complete resection was achieved without complications. A pathological analysis enabled the diagnosis of a dermoid cyst. No tumor recurrences or associated complications were observed at the 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Dermoid cysts in the infratemporal fossa are extremely rare. However, tumor resections can be performed safely and efficaciously using anatomically detailed preoperative planning.


Assuntos
Craniotomia/métodos , Cisto Dermoide/cirurgia , Forame Oval/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Zigoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Cisto Dermoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Forame Oval/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Surg Neurol Int ; 9: 68, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29721347

RESUMO

Background: Spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhages (CHs), which frequently require surgical intervention, are life-threatening and can be complicated by intraventricular hemorrhages (IVHs) and obstructive hydrocephalus. Commonly, endoscopic surgery is performed to remove CHs via a suboccipital approach (SA) alone. At our institution, when patients exhibited supratentorial IVH-associated hydrocephalus, we used a combined frontal and suboccipital approach (CA) to evacuate both CHs and supratentorial IVHs. The present study retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness and safety of this CA, as no prior studies examining this approach currently exist. Methods: Twenty-six patients with spontaneous CH were surgically treated at our hospital from April 2009 to March 2016. Twenty-two patients who could independently perform activities of daily living before the onset underwent endoscopic surgery to evacuate the CHs; among these, 13 patients underwent the SA alone, while nine underwent the CA. We assessed and compared the patients' baseline characteristics, surgical results, and prognosis at 1 month after the intervention between the SA and CA groups. Results: Patients who underwent the CA had significantly poorer consciousness before the surgery owing to IVH extension and obstructive hydrocephalus. However, the surgical results and prognosis at 1 month were not significantly different between the two approaches. The CH-associated IVHs were successfully removed with the CA and resulted in shorter external ventricular drainage (EVD) placement durations. Conclusion: Endoscopic surgery performed via the CA appeared to neutralize the deteriorating effects of CH-associated IVHs. Surgical strategies employing the CA may have the potential to improve the prognosis of patients with CH.

14.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-6, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29799345

RESUMO

OBJECTIVEIn patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), postoperative recurrent hemorrhage (PRH) is one of the most severe complications after endoscopic evacuation of hematoma (EEH). However, no predictors of this complication have been identified. In the present study, the authors retrospectively investigated whether PRH can be preoperatively predicted by the presence of the spot sign on CT scans.METHODSIn total, 143 patients with sICH were treated by EEH between June 2009 and March 2017, and 127 patients who underwent preoperative CT angiography were included in this study. Significant correlations of PRH with the patients' baseline, clinical, and radiographic characteristics, including the spot sign, were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression models.RESULTSThe incidence of and risk factors for PRH were assessed in 127 patients with available data. PRH occurred in 9 (7.1%) patients. Five (21.7%) cases of PRH were observed among 23 patients with the spot sign, whereas only 4 (3.8%) cases of PRH occurred among 104 patients without the spot sign. The spot sign was the only independent predictor of PRH (OR 5.81, 95% CI 1.26-26.88; p = 0.02). The following factors were not independently associated with PRH: age, hypertension, poor consciousness, antihemostatic factors (thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy, and use of antithrombotic drugs), the location and size of the sICH, other radiographic findings (black hole sign and blend sign), surgical duration and procedures, and early surgery.CONCLUSIONSThe spot sign is likely to be a strong predictor of PRH after EEH among patients with sICH. Complete and careful control of bleeding in the operative field should be ensured when surgically treating such patients. New surgical strategies and procedures might be needed to improve these patients' outcomes.

15.
World Neurosurg ; 116: e513-e518, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29758369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic evacuation of hematoma (EEH) has recently been applied to treat patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH). Intraoperative active bleeding (IAB), which is occasionally observed in EEH, might lead to greater blood loss, further brain damage, and more postoperative recurrent hemorrhage. However, no definite predictor of IAB has been established. Because the spot sign is associated with other hemorrhagic complications, we aimed to evaluate whether it predicts IAB. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed the incidence and risk factors of IAB, including the spot sign, in 127 sICH patients who underwent EEH within 6 hours after computed tomography angiography at our institution between June 2009 and December 2017. RESULTS: The study included 53 women and 74 men with an average age of 66.7 ± 11.8 years. IAB occurred in 40 (31.5%) of the 127 patients, and it was more frequent in patients with the spot sign than in patients without it (14/24 [58.3%] vs. 26/103 [25.2%]; P = 0.003). Multivariable regression analyses suggested that the spot sign was an independent predictor of IAB (odds ratio [OR], 3.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.10-8.30; P = 0.03). In addition, earlier surgery gradually increased the risk of IAB, and surgery within 4 hours of onset was an independent risk factor (OR, 4.34; 95% CI, 1.12-16.9; P = 0.03, referring to postonset 8 hours or more). CONCLUSIONS: The spot sign and early surgery were independent predictors of IAB in EEH for sICH. In patients with sICH and spot sign, complete treatment of IAB by electrocoagulation might be important for minimizing surgical complications.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória/métodos , Neuroendoscopia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
World Neurosurg ; 112: e172-e181, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29325963

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The endoscopic endonasal approach to the anatomically complex lateral skull base presents technical challenges. The use of the eustachian tube as a landmark to identify the petrous internal carotid artery has recently been reported, and this study aims to define the anatomic relationship between the eustachian tube and its surrounding structures using cadaveric dissection and radiologic analysis. METHODS: To clarify the relationship of the eustachian tube with its surrounding structures, we performed endoscopic and microscopic dissection of 4 adult cadaveric heads and analyzed computed topography scans from 20 patients. RESULTS: The eustachian tube is divided into the osseous and cartilaginous parts. The cartilaginous part can be further subdivided into the posterolateral, middle, and anteromedial parts, based on its relationship to the skull base. The eustachian tube is closely related to the pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone, the foramen lacerum, and the petrosal apex and is directed away from the oblique sagittal plane almost parallel to the vidian canal at 12.2° ± 6.2° (mean ± standard deviation). The relationship between the course of the vidian canal and the eustachian tube can aid the estimation of the anatomic course of the horizontal segment of the petrous carotid artery. CONCLUSIONS: The eustachian tube is a useful landmark for predicting the course of the internal carotid artery when accessing the lateral skull base regions via an endonasal route. A profound understanding of the relationship between the eustachian tube and the surrounding skull base structures is important for endoscopic endonasal skull base surgeries.


Assuntos
Pontos de Referência Anatômicos , Tuba Auditiva/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cadáver , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroendoscopia , Base do Crânio/cirurgia
17.
No Shinkei Geka ; 45(6): 509-517, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28634311

RESUMO

We report the case of a 60-year-old man who first presented with transient difficulty of word recall. Subsequent MRI revealed an invasive brain tumor in the left frontal lobe. The patient underwent open biopsy, and diffuse astrocytoma(WHO grade II)was diagnosed. However, the malignant potential of this tumor was not particularly low because of a few enhancement on preoperative evaluation, and radiation therapy was initially performed. Four months after ending irradiation, temozolomide treatment was introduced for tumor regrowth. After another 2 months, combined chemotherapy with bevacizumab was also started due to tumor enlargement, which was evaluated as malignant transformation to glioblastoma. Two focal lesions with signal hyperintensity on DWI appeared in the frontal and temporal lobes at different locations 3 months after starting bevacizumab. The left temporal lesion subsequently changed to a ring-enhanced tumor, and glioblastoma(WHO grade IV)was finally diagnosed at decompressive surgery. Another frontal lesion, however, continued to maintain a favorable course without any changes in signal despite appearing as similar signal-hyperintense lesions. The temporal hyperintense lesion may undergo malignant transformation into glioblastoma with typical radiological appearance. Recent studies on image changes following bevacizumab treatment have attracted widespread attention, and the clinical significance of such hyperintense lesions has gained attention. This present case was thought to be valuable because of the contradistinctive aspects at the same time, in which the hyperintense lesions of the frontal and temporal lobes seemed to represent antitumor activity or drug refractory effects based on bevacizumab treatment.


Assuntos
Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/fisiopatologia , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Glioblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioblastoma/fisiopatologia , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) ; 57(6): 284-291, 2017 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28484132

RESUMO

Occipital artery (OA) to the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) bypass is indispensable for the management of complex aneurysms of the PICA that cannot be reconstructed with surgical clipping or coil embolization. Although OA-PICA bypass is a comparatively standard procedure, the bypass is difficult to perform in some cases because of the location and situation of the PICA. We describe the usefulness of the unilateral trans-cerebellomedullary fissure (CMF) approach for OA-PICA bypass. Thirty patients with aneurysms in the vertebral artery (VA) or PICA were treated using OA-PICA bypasses between 2010 and 2015. Among them, the unilateral trans-CMF approach was used for OA-PICA anastomosis in 13 patients. The surgical procedures performed on and the medical records of all the patients were retrospectively reviewed. The unilateral trans-CMF approach was performed for two reasons depending on the PICA location or situation: either because the caudal loop could not be used as a recipient artery because of arterial dissection (3 patients) or because the tonsillo-medullary segment that was located in the upper part of the CMF did not have a caudal loop that was large enough (10 patients). The trans-CMF approach provided a good operative field for the OA-PICA bypass and the anastomosis were successfully performed in all patients. When the recipient artery was located in the upper part of the CMF, the unilateral trans-cerebello-medullary fissure approach provided a sufficient operative field for OA-PICA anastomosis.


Assuntos
Revascularização Cerebral/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 159(3): 577-582, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28097429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The validity of indirect bypass for adult patients with moyamoya disease is still debatable. Some patients are poor responders to indirect bypass, and additive intervention is occasionally required in these cases. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the development of collateral circulation as early as possible postoperatively. METHODS: Fifteen adult patients (>17 years old) with moyamoya disease (22 affected sides) who underwent encephalo-duro-arterio-synangiosis (EDAS) at Fukuoka University Hospital from April 2008 to August 2014 were included. All patients had ischemic symptoms of at least one hemisphere. Superficial temporal artery duplex ultrasonography (STDU) was performed before and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Digital subtraction angiography was performed 1 year after the operation to evaluate the development of collateral circulation. Hemispheres exhibiting collateral formation of more than one-third of the MCA distribution were defined as good responders, and those with less than one-third were defined as poor responders. RESULTS: EDAS induced the formation of well-developed collaterals in 17 of 22 affected sides (77.3%) of adult patients with ischemic moyamoya disease. Regardless of the degree of collateral formation, the ischemic event subsided eventually with time in all patients. In good responders, the pulsatility index obtained by STDU showed a drastic decrease 3 months after the operation, while it did not change significantly in poor responders. Absence of this decrease in the pulsatility index along with no change in the flow velocity reliably indicated poor responders. CONCLUSIONS: Neovascularization after EDAS can be evaluated noninvasively in early phase using STDU.


Assuntos
Angiografia Digital/métodos , Angiografia Cerebral/métodos , Revascularização Cerebral/efeitos adversos , Doença de Moyamoya/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias Temporais/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Revascularização Cerebral/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Moyamoya/cirurgia , Artérias Temporais/cirurgia
20.
J Neurosurg ; 126(6): 1974-1983, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27588594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE The application of the endoscope in the lateral skull base increases the importance of the middle ear cavity as the corridor to the skull base. The aim of this study was to define the middle ear as a route to the fundus (lateral end) of the internal acoustic canal and to propose feasible landmarks to the fundus. METHODS This was a cadaveric study; 34 adult cadaveric temporal bones and 2 dry bones were dissected with the aid of the endoscope and microscope to show the anatomy of the transcanal approach to the middle ear and fundus of the internal acoustic canal. RESULTS In the middle ear cavity, the cochleariform process is one of the key landmarks for accessing the fundus of the internal acoustic canal. The triangle formed by the anterior and posterior edges of the overhang of the round window and the cochleariform process provides a landmark to start drilling the bone to access the fundus of the internal acoustic canal. CONCLUSIONS The external acoustic canal and middle ear cavity combined, using endoscopic guidance, can provide a route to the fundus of the internal acoustic canal. A triangular landmark crossing the promontory has been described for reaching the meatal fundus. This transcanal approach requires an understanding of the relationship between the middle ear cavity and the fundus of the internal acoustic canal and provides a potential new area of cooperation between otology and neurosurgery for accessing pathology in this and the bordering skull base.


Assuntos
Orelha Interna , Neuroma Acústico , Adulto , Meato Acústico Externo , Orelha Média , Endoscopia , Humanos , Osso Temporal
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