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1.
J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces ; 125(44): 24477-24486, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795810

RESUMO

Semiconducting O-doped polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons constitute a class of molecules whose optoelectronic properties can be tailored by acting on the π-extension of the carbon-based frameworks and on the oxygen linkages. Although much is known about their photophysical and electrochemical properties in solution, their self-assembly interfacial behavior on solid substrates has remained unexplored so far. In this paper, we have focused our attention on the on-surface self-assembly of O-doped bi-perylene derivatives. Their ability to assemble in ordered networks on Cu(111) single-crystalline surfaces allowed a combination of structural, morphological, and spectroscopic studies. In particular, the exploitation of the orbital mapping methodology based on angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, with the support of scanning tunneling microscopy and low-energy electron diffraction, allowed the identification of both the electronic structure of the adsorbates and their geometric arrangement. Our multi-technique experimental investigation includes the structure determination from powder X-ray diffraction data for a specific compound and demonstrates that the electronic structure of such large molecular self-assembled networks can be studied using the reconstruction methods of molecular orbitals from photoemission data even in the presence of segregated chiral domains.

2.
J Org Chem ; 83(22): 13787-13798, 2018 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30354131

RESUMO

The tailored synthesis of homo (A2) and hetero (AB) N-substituted peri-xanthenoxanthene diimides (PXXDIs) and peri-functionalized PXX monoimides (PXXMIs) from 3-hydroxy naphthalic anhydride is described. As A2-type PXXDIs could be synthesized in one step, AB-type PXXDIs and PXXMIs were prepared through a modular approach capitalizing on sequential Suzuki coupling, imidation, and Pummerer reactions with very high yields. In view of their potential applications as organic semiconductors, self-organization studies were performed through liquid deposition on surfaces, depicting the formation of islands, needles, and rods.

3.
J Phys Chem A ; 122(23): 5142-5152, 2018 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786443

RESUMO

The nonlinear optical response of some O-doped polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is systematically investigated in the present work aiming to understand the influence of structural effects on their nonlinear optical response. In that view, the third-order nonlinear optical properties of these PAHs were measured under 4 ns visible (532 nm) and infrared (1064 nm) laser excitation. The O-doped PAHs were found to exhibit large saturable absorption and negative sign nonlinear refraction under visible excitation, increasing both with the addition of naphthalene units and with the number of O atoms. Their nonlinear optical response was found to be negligible under infrared excitation. Similar measurements performed on thin films of these PAHs have shown that they maintain their large nonlinear optical response even in the solid state, confirming their high potential for optoelectronic and photonic applications.

4.
Chemistry ; 23(10): 2363-2378, 2017 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27897357

RESUMO

The synthesis of O-doped polyaromatic hydro- carbons in which two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon sub units are bridged through one or two O atoms has been achieved. This includes high-yield ring-closure key steps that, depending on the reaction conditions, result in the formation of furanyl or pyranopyranyl linkages through intramolecular C-O bond formation. Comprehensive photophysical measurements in solution showed that these compounds have exceptionally high emission yields and tunable absorption properties throughout the UV/Vis spectral region. Electrochemical investigations showed that in all cases O annulation increases the electron-donor capabilities by raising the HOMO energy level, whereas the LUMO energy level is less affected. Moreover, third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) measurements on solutions or thin films containing the dyes showed very good values of the second hyperpolarizability. Importantly, poly(methyl methacrylate) films containing the pyranopyranyl derivatives exhibited weak linear absorption and NLO absorption compared to the nonlinearity and NLO refraction, respectively, and thus revealed them to be exceptional organic materials for photonic devices.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 8(41): 27966-27973, 2016 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27632080

RESUMO

The covalent functionalization of (7,6)-enriched single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with oligophenylenevinylene (OPV) moieties terminating with a dimethylamino group is proposed as an efficient way to enhance the affinity of CNTs with spiro-MeOTAD in perovskite-based solar cells. The evidence of SWCNTs functionalization and the degree of OPV substitution on SWCNTs are established from TGA, XPS, TEM, and Raman techniques. Our tailored doping materials afford photovoltaic performances in line with conventional Li-doped spiro-MeOTAD, showing at the same time a significantly improved chemical stability of the perovskite component over time. Furthermore, the comparison of the photovoltaic performances with those obtained with nonfunctionalized SWCNTs suggest that the presence of the organic appends ensures highly reproducible PV performances. These results demonstrate the suitability of this functionalized SWCNT material as a valid doping agent for spiro-MeOTAD, representing a viable alternative to the conventional Li salt.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 137(25): 8150-60, 2015 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25990283

RESUMO

The self-assembly and self-organization behavior of uracil-conjugated enantiopure (R)- or (S)-1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-diol (BINOL) and a hydrophobic oligo(p-phenylene ethynylene) (OPE) chromophore exposing 2,6-di(acetylamino)pyridine termini are reported. Systematic spectroscopic (UV-vis, CD, fluorescence, NMR, and SAXS) and microscopic studies (TEM and AFM) showed that BINOL and OPE compounds undergo triple H-bonding recognition, generating different organic nanostructures in solution. Depending on the solvophobic properties of the liquid media (toluene, CHCl3, CHCl3/CHX, and CHX/THF), spherical, rod-like, fibrous, and helical morphologies were obtained, with the latter being the only nanostructures expressing chirality at the microscopic level. SAXS analysis combined with molecular modeling simulations showed that the helical superstructures are composed of dimeric double-cable tape-like structures that, in turn, are supercoiled at the microscale. This behavior is interpreted as a consequence of an interplay among the degree of association of the H-bonded recognition, the vapor pressure of the solvent, and the solvophobic/solvophilic character of the supramolecular adducts in the different solutions under static and dynamic conditions, namely solvent evaporation conditions at room temperature.

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