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1.
Opt Express ; 28(25): 37798-37810, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33379608

RESUMO

Swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) typically relies on expensive and complex swept-source lasers, the cost of which currently limits the suitability of OCT for new applications. In this work, we demonstrate spectrally sparse OCT utilizing randomly spaced low-bandwidth optical chirps, suitable for low-cost implementation with telecommunications grade devices. Micron scale distance estimation accuracy with a resolution of 40 µm at a standoff imaging distance greater than 10 cm is demonstrated using a stepped chirp approach with approximately 23% occupancy of 4 THz bandwidth. For imaging of sparse scenes, comparable performance to full bandwidth occupancy is verified for metallic targets.

2.
Sci Transl Med ; 12(551)2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641489

RESUMO

Cyclin-dependent-like kinase 5 (CDKL5) gene mutations lead to an X-linked disorder that is characterized by infantile epileptic encephalopathy, developmental delay, and hypotonia. However, we found that a substantial percentage of these patients also report a previously unrecognized anamnestic deficiency in pain perception. Consistent with a role in nociception, we found that CDKL5 is expressed selectively in nociceptive dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons in mice and in induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS)-derived human nociceptors. CDKL5-deficient mice display defective epidermal innervation, and conditional deletion of CDKL5 in DRG sensory neurons impairs nociception, phenocopying CDKL5 deficiency disorder in patients. Mechanistically, CDKL5 interacts with calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II α (CaMKIIα) to control outgrowth and transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1)-dependent signaling, which are disrupted in both CDKL5 mutant murine DRG and human iPS-derived nociceptors. Together, these findings unveil a previously unrecognized role for CDKL5 in nociception, proposing an original regulatory mechanism for pain perception with implications for future therapeutics in CDKL5 deficiency disorder.

3.
Hum Genet ; 139(10): 1197-1207, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596782

RESUMO

The Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD®) constitutes a comprehensive collection of published germline mutations in nuclear genes that are thought to underlie, or are closely associated with human inherited disease. At the time of writing (June 2020), the database contains in excess of 289,000 different gene lesions identified in over 11,100 genes manually curated from 72,987 articles published in over 3100 peer-reviewed journals. There are primarily two main groups of users who utilise HGMD on a regular basis; research scientists and clinical diagnosticians. This review aims to highlight how to make the most out of HGMD data in each setting.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Genoma Humano , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Polimorfismo Genético , Bibliometria , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Parcerias Público-Privadas
4.
Opt Express ; 22(7): 8798-812, 2014 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24718249

RESUMO

In this paper, we examine the performance of several modulation formats in more than four dimensions for coherent optical communications systems. We compare two high-dimensional modulation design methodologies based on spherical cutting of lattices and block coding of a 'base constellation' of binary phase shift keying (BPSK) on each dimension. The performances of modulation formats generated with these methodologies is analyzed in the asymptotic signal-to-noise ratio regime and for an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel. We then study the application of both types of high-dimensional modulation formats to standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) transmission systems. For modulation with spectral efficiencies comparable to dual-polarization (DP-) BPSK, polarization-switched quaternary phase shift keying (PS-QPSK) and DP-QPSK, we demonstrate SNR gains of up to 3 dB, 0.9 dB and 1 dB respectively, at a BER of 10(-3).

5.
PLoS One ; 8(12): e81625, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24324710

RESUMO

Ectodermal dysplasias (EDs) are a large and heterogeneous group of hereditary disorders characterized by abnormalities in structures of ectodermal origin. Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is an ED characterized by skin lesions evolving over time, as well as dental, nail, and ocular abnormalities. Due to X-linked dominant inheritance IP symptoms can only be seen in female individuals while affected males die during development in utero. We observed a family of horses, in which several mares developed signs of a skin disorder reminiscent of human IP. Cutaneous manifestations in affected horses included the development of pruritic, exudative lesions soon after birth. These developed into wart-like lesions and areas of alopecia with occasional wooly hair re-growth. Affected horses also had streaks of darker and lighter coat coloration from birth. The observation that only females were affected together with a high number of spontaneous abortions suggested an X-linked dominant mechanism of transmission. Using next generation sequencing we sequenced the whole genome of one affected mare. We analyzed the sequence data for non-synonymous variants in candidate genes and found a heterozygous nonsense variant in the X-chromosomal IKBKG gene (c.184C>T; p.Arg62*). Mutations in IKBKG were previously reported to cause IP in humans and the homologous p.Arg62* variant has already been observed in a human IP patient. The comparative data thus strongly suggest that this is also the causative variant for the observed IP in horses. To our knowledge this is the first large animal model for IP.


Assuntos
Códon sem Sentido/genética , Cavalos/genética , Quinase I-kappa B/genética , Incontinência Pigmentar/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Genoma/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Linhagem , Fenótipo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
Opt Express ; 19(9): 8533-8, 2011 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21643103

RESUMO

Coherent detection in combination with digital signal processing has recently enabled significant progress in the capacity of optical communications systems. This improvement has enabled detection of optimum constellations for optical signals in four dimensions. In this paper, we propose and investigate an algorithm for the blind adaptive equalization of one such modulation format: polarization-switched quaternary phase shift keying (PS-QPSK). The proposed algorithm, which includes both blind initialization and adaptation of the equalizer, is found to be insensitive to the input polarization state and demonstrates highly robust convergence in the presence of PDL, DGD and polarization rotation.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Refratometria/métodos , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Simulação por Computador
7.
Opt Express ; 19(10): 9296-302, 2011 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21643184

RESUMO

We demonstrate, for the first time, the generation and transmission of polarization-switched QPSK (PS-QPSK) signals at 42.9 Gb/s. Long-haul transmission of PS-QPSK is experimentally investigated in a recirculating loop and compared with transmission of dual-polarization QPSK (DP-QPSK) at 42.9 Gb/s per channel. A reduction in the required OSNR of 0.7 dB was found at a BER of 3.8 x 10(-3), resulting in an increase in maximum reach of more than 30% for a WDM system operating on a 50 GHz frequency grid. The maximum reach of 13640 km for WDM PS-QPSK is, to the best of our knowledge, the longest distance reported for 40 Gb/s WDM transmission, over an uncompensated link, with standard fiber and amplification.

8.
Opt Express ; 19(26): B581-6, 2011 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22274074

RESUMO

We investigated ultra-long-haul transmission of polarization-switched QPSK (PS-QPSK) and polarization-division-multiplexed BPSK (PDM-BPSK) at 42.9 Gbit/s experimentally as well as by means of computer simulations. PDM-BPSK allowed transmission distances in excess of 14,040 km to be achieved, compared to 13,640 km for PS-QPSK. However, PS-QPSK offers a significant reduction in receiver complexity due to the lower symbol-rate.

9.
Opt Express ; 19(26): B770-6, 2011 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22274101

RESUMO

A burst mode 112 Gb/s DP-QPSK digital coherent optical receiver with parallel DSP suitable for implementation in a CMOS ASIC with a 218.75 MHz clock speed is presented. The receiver performance is validated in a five channel 50 GHz grid WDM burst switching experiment using a commercially available wavelength tunable laser as the local oscillator. A new equalizer initialization scheme that overcomes the degenerate convergence problem and ensures rapid convergence is introduced. We show that the performance of the tunable local oscillator is commensurate with burst mode coherent reception when differential decoding in employed and that required parallel DSP implementation does not seriously impair the polarization and frequency tracking performance of a digital coherent receiver under burst mode operation. We report a burst acquisition time of less than 200 ns.

11.
Hum Genomics ; 4(6): 384-93, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20846927

RESUMO

A 130 base pair (bp) insertion (g.-8delCins130) into the 5' untranslated region of the PAFAH1B1 (LIS1) gene, seven nucleotides upstream of the translational initiation site, was detected in an isolated case of lissencephaly. The inserted DNA sequence exhibited perfect homology to two non-contiguous regions of the mitochondrial genome (8479 to 8545 and 8775 to 8835, containing portions of two genes, ATP8 and ATP6 ), as well as near-perfect homology (1 bp mismatch) to a nuclear mitochondrial pseudogene (NUMT) sequence located on chromosome 1p36. This lesion was not evident on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequence analysis of either parent, indicating that the mutation had occurred de novo in the patient. Experiments designed to distinguish between a mitochondrial and a nuclear genomic origin for the inserted DNA sequence were, however, inconclusive. Mitochondrial genome sequences from both the patient and his parents were sequenced and found to be identical to the sequence inserted into the PAFAH1B1 gene. Analysis of parental PCR products from the chromosome 1-specific NUMT were also consistent with the interpretation that the inserted sequence had originated directly from the mitochondrial genome. The chromosome 1-specific NUMT in the patient proved to be refractory to PCR analysis, however, suggesting that this region of chromosome 1 could have been deleted or rearranged. Although it remains by far the most likely scenario, in the absence of DNA sequence information from the patient's own chromosome 1-specific NUMT, we cannot unequivocally confirm that the 130 bp insertion originated from mitochondrial genome rather than from the NUMT.


Assuntos
1-Alquil-2-acetilglicerofosfocolina Esterase/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Genoma Mitocondrial/genética , Lisencefalia/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Mutagênese Insercional/genética , Pareamento de Bases/genética , Sequência de Bases , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Gravidez , Sequências Repetitivas de Ácido Nucleico/genética , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico
12.
Opt Express ; 18(12): 12939-47, 2010 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20588423

RESUMO

In this paper long-haul, single channel, polarization multiplexed 16-state quadrature amplitude modulation (PDM-QAM-16) transmission at 112 Gbit/s is investigated. Novel digital signal processing techniques are used to perform carrier phase estimation and symbol estimation, in combination with nonlinear digital backpropagation. The results obtained demonstrate that the use of digital nonlinear backpropagation increases the optimum launch power from -4 dBm to -1 dBm with a consequent increase in maximum reach from 1440 km to 2400 km, which is a record transmission distance for QAM-16 reported to date for an SMF link with EDFAs only. Furthermore, experimental measurements are supported by simulations, based on the link used in the experiment.

13.
Hum Genomics ; 4(5): 289-301, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20650818

RESUMO

The +1169A allele of the A/T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; rs2665802), located within intron 4 of the human growth hormone 1 ( GH1 ) gene, has been associated with reduced levels of circulating GH and insulin-like growth factor 1, a reduced risk of colorectal cancer and a predisposition to osteoporosis. Whether this intronic SNP is itself the functional polymorphism responsible for exerting a direct effect on GH1 gene expression, however, or whether it is instead in linkage disequilibrium with the functional SNP, has been an open question. The evolutionary conservation of the +1169T allele (and the surrounding intronic sequence) in the bovine genome, as well as in primate genomes, is, however, suggestive of its functionality. Although a potential alternative splice site spans the location of the +1169 SNP, polymerase chain reaction-based assays failed to yield any evidence for alternative splicing associated with either allele. To determine whether the +1169 SNP, in different allelic combinations with SNPs at -278 (G/T), -57 (T/G) and +2103 (C/T), exerts a direct effect on gene expression and/or GH secretion, we performed a series of transfections of various GH1 haplotype-expressing constructs into rat GC (somatotroph) cells. The results obtained provided evidence to support the contention that the +1169A allele contributes directly to the observed reduction in both GH1 gene expression and GH secretion. Part of the apparent influence of the +1169A-bearing allele on GH1 gene expression and GH secretion may still, however, be attributable to alleles of additional SNPs in cis to +1169A and located within either the promoter or the 3'-flanking region.


Assuntos
Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/genética , Íntrons/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Região 3'-Flanqueadora/genética , Alelos , Processamento Alternativo/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular , Sequência Conservada/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Evolução Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Sítios de Splice de RNA/genética , Ratos , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Somatotrofos/metabolismo
14.
Hum Mutat ; 30(2): 239-47, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18800374

RESUMO

To assess the evolutionary importance of nonallelic (or interlocus) gene conversion for the highly polymorphic human growth hormone (GH1) gene promoter, sequence variation in this region was studied in four different ethnic groups. For 14 SNPs in the proximal GH1 promoter (535 bp), 60 different haplotypes were observed in 577 individuals (156 Britons, 116 Spaniards, 163 West-Africans, 142 Asians). Using a novel coalescence-based statistical test, significant evidence was found in the British, Spanish, and African groups for GH1 having acted as an acceptor of gene conversion, with at least one of the four paralogous GH gene promoters serving as the donor (and specifically GH2 in the Britons and Spaniards). The average gene conversion tract length was estimated to be 84 bp. A gene conversion hotspot was identified, spanning the GH1 transcriptional initiation site (positions -6 to +25). Although these findings serve to highlight the importance of gene conversion for the recent evolution of the human GH1 promoter, its relative frequency does not appear to be related simply to the presence of specific DNA sequence motifs or secondary structures, the degree of homology between GH paralogs, the distance between them, or their transcriptional orientation. The GH1 promoter was also found to be highly polymorphic in chimpanzee but not in macaque. This may reflect the lower degree of pair-wise similarity between the GH1 promoter and its paralogs in macaque (mean, 92.0%) as compared to chimpanzee (93.5%) and human (94.0%), and hence provides further support for the idea of a threshold (perhaps around 92%) below which gene conversion is reduced or abolished.


Assuntos
Conversão Gênica , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Animais , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Macaca/genética , Pan troglodytes/genética , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico
15.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 296(1-2): 18-25, 2008 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18950677

RESUMO

Among Europeans, functionally significant GH1 gene variants occur not only in individuals with idiopathic growth hormone (GH) deficiency and/or short stature but also fairly frequently in the general population. To assess the generality of these findings, 163 individuals from Benin, West Africa were screened for mutations and polymorphisms in their GH1 genes. A total of 37 different sequence variants were identified in the GH1 gene region, 24 of which occurred with a frequency of >1%. Although four of these variants were novel missense substitutions (Ala13Val, Arg19His, Phe25Tyr and Ser95Arg), none of these had any measurable effect on either GH function or secretion in vitro. Some 37 different GH1 promoter haplotypes were identified, 23 of which are as yet unreported in Europeans. The mean in vitro expression level of the GH1 promoter haplotypes observed in the African population was significantly higher than that previously measured in Britons (p<0.001). A gene conversion in the GH1 promoter, previously reported in a single individual of British origin, was found to occur at polymorphic frequency (5%) in the West-African population and was associated with a 1.7-fold increase in promoter activity relative to the wild-type. The d3 allele of the GHR exon 3 deletion polymorphism, known to be associated with increased GH responsiveness, was also found to occur at an elevated frequency in these individuals from Benin. We speculate that both elevated GH1 gene expression and increased GHR-mediated GH responsiveness may constitute adaptive responses to the effects of scarce food supply in this West-African population since increased circulating GH appears to form part of a physiological response to nutritional deprivation.


Assuntos
Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores da Somatotropina/genética , Deleção de Sequência , África Ocidental , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Células Cultivadas , Éxons , Feminino , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação/fisiologia , Ratos , Transfecção
16.
Genomic Med ; 2(3-4): 77-81, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18810657

RESUMO

The unique case of two sisters with symptoms of RTT and two quite distinct, novel, and apparently de novo microdeletions of the MECP2 gene is described. One sister possessed an 18 base-pair (bp) deletion (c.1155_1172del18) within the deletion hotspot region of exon 4, whereas the other sister exhibited a 43 bp deletion at a different location in the same exon (c.1448_1461del14+29). Although these lesions occurred on the same paternally-derived X chromosome, this is probably due to chance co-occurrence owing to the relatively high mutation rate of the MECP2 gene rather than to a constitutional mutator phenotype.

17.
Hum Genet ; 119(5): 527-40, 2006 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16572267

RESUMO

An increased prevalence of both hypertension and cerebrovascular stroke is apparent in growth hormone (GH) deficiency whilst hypertension is a frequent complication in acromegaly. This has suggested a possible link between GH, stature and arterial function. Since the risk of both hypertension and stroke also appears to be inversely correlated with adult height, we have instigated an exploratory study to assess whether inter-individual variation in the genes encoding human growth hormone (GH1) and the GH receptor (GHR) might be associated with an increased risk of hypertension and stroke. GH1 promoter haplotypes were found to differ significantly not only between hypertensive patients (n = 111) and controls (n = 121) but also between stroke patients (n = 155) and controls (n = 158). Intriguingly, the association between GH1 promoter haplotype and risk of hypertension was much greater in females than in males. An inverse correlation between height and central systolic blood pressure was apparent in both hypertensive patients and normal controls but was much stronger in individuals carrying at least one GH1 promoter risk haplotype. The GH1 genotype therefore constitutes a risk factor for hypertension that interacts with stature. A strong association was found between the presence of at least one GH1 risk haplotype and a family history of stroke at an early age (odds ratio: 9.07, 95% confidence interval: 1.14-72.22). Three novel GH variants (Arg16His, Phe176Cys, Cys189Arg) were identified during the course of this study. Although two exhibited markedly reduced biological activity in vitro, their clinical significance remains unclear. No association was found between GHR genotype and either hypertension or stroke, nor was any interaction noted between GHR and GH1 genotypes in terms of a disease association. However, an association between GHRd3 genotype and hypertension was observed among stroke patients, particularly females. Elevated HDL was found to be a risk factor for hypertension in individuals lacking a copy of the GHRd3 allele. Weak associations with GHR genotype were also noted for peripheral systolic and diastolic blood pressure in hypertensive patients. Although the underlying mechanisms are still unclear, our findings are consistent with a complex relationship between height, hypertension, GH1 promoter haplotype, GHR polymorphism and the risk of stroke.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Hormônio do Crescimento/genética , Hipertensão/genética , Receptores da Somatotropina/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estatura/genética , Feminino , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Fatores de Risco
18.
Am J Med Genet A ; 140(7): 691-4, 2006 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16502428

RESUMO

A translocation that disrupted the netrin G1 gene (NTNG1) was recently reported in a patient with the early seizure variant of Rett syndrome (RTT). The netrin G1 protein (NTNG1) has an important role in the developing central nervous system, particularly in axonal guidance, signalling and NMDA receptor function and was a good candidate gene for RTT. We recruited 115 patients with RTT (females: 25 classic and 84 atypical; 6 males) but no mutation in the MECP2 gene. For those 52 patients with epileptic seizure onset in the first 6 months of life, CDKL5 mutations were also excluded. We aimed to determine whether mutations in NTNG1 accounted for a significant subset of patients with RTT, particularly those with the early onset seizure variant and other atypical presentations. We sequenced the nine coding exons of NTNG1 and identified four sequence variants, none of which were likely to be pathogenic. Mutations in the NTNG1 gene appear to be a rare cause of RTT but NTNG1 function demands further investigation in relation to the central nervous system pathophysiology of the disorder.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas/genética , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Síndrome de Rett/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Masculino , Netrinas
19.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 89(3): 1068-75, 2004 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15001589

RESUMO

The pituitary-expressed GH1 gene was screened for mutation in a group of 74 children with familial short stature. Two novel mutations were identified: an Ile179Met substitution and a -360A-->G promoter variant. The Ile179Met variant was shown to exhibit a similar degree of resistance to proteolysis as wild-type GH, indicating that the introduction of Met does not cause significant misfolding. Secretion of Ile179Met GH from rat pituitary cells was also similar to that of wild type. Although receptor binding studies failed to show any difference in binding characteristics, molecular modeling studies suggested that the Ile179Met substitution might nevertheless perturb interactions between GH and the GH receptor loop containing the hotspot residue Trp169, thereby affecting signal transduction. The ability of the Ile179Met variant to activate a signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 5-responsive luciferase reporter gene and induce phosphorylation of STAT 5 and ERK was therefore studied. In contrast to its ability to activate STAT 5 normally, activation of ERK by the Ile179Met variant was reduced to half that observed with wild type. Although differential effects on the activation of distinct signaling pathways by a mutant receptor agonist are unprecedented, these findings also suggest that the ERK pathway could play a role in mediating the action of GH.


Assuntos
Estatura/genética , Transtornos do Crescimento/genética , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/genética , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Criança , Cristalografia por Raios X , Testes Genéticos , Transtornos do Crescimento/metabolismo , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/química , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Mutação Puntual , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína
20.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 25(5): 418-20, 2003 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12759632

RESUMO

A nonconsanguineous asymptomatic couple, were identified as carriers of factor VII (FVII) deficiency when two of their newborn children died of massive intracranial hemorrhage secondary to severe congenital FVII deficiency. Complete sequence analysis of the factor VII (F7) gene in this couple indicated that the mother was heterozygous for an A to G transition at position -2 of the exon 5 acceptor splice site, and the father was heterozygous for a G to T transversion at position +1 of the exon 6 donor splice site. This information allowed us to exclude a compound heterozygous deficiency state in a subsequent pregnancy using PCR/direct sequencing of the F7 gene using DNA obtained from chorionic villi at 10 weeks' gestation. Our experience with the family reported here further supports the conclusion that mutation-specific detection is reliable in the prenatal exclusion of severe bleeding disorders.


Assuntos
Deficiência do Fator VII/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Amostra da Vilosidade Coriônica , Deficiência do Fator VII/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Gravidez
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