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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508238

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver diseases worldwide and is often associated with aspects of metabolic syndrome. Despite its prevalence and the importance of early diagnosis, there is a lack of robustly validated biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of disease progression in response to a given treatment. In this Review, we provide an overview of the contribution of metabolomics and lipidomics in clinical studies to identify biomarkers associated with NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). In addition, we highlight the key metabolic pathways in NAFLD and NASH that have been identified by metabolomics and lipidomics approaches and could potentially be used as biomarkers for non-invasive diagnostic tests. Overall, the studies demonstrated alterations in amino acid metabolism and several aspects of lipid metabolism including circulating fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids and bile acids. Although we report several studies that identified potential biomarkers, few have been validated.

2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5068, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417460

RESUMO

p53 regulates several signaling pathways to maintain the metabolic homeostasis of cells and modulates the cellular response to stress. Deficiency or excess of nutrients causes cellular metabolic stress, and we hypothesized that p53 could be linked to glucose maintenance. We show here that upon starvation hepatic p53 is stabilized by O-GlcNAcylation and plays an essential role in the physiological regulation of glucose homeostasis. More specifically, p53 binds to PCK1 promoter and regulates its transcriptional activation, thereby controlling hepatic glucose production. Mice lacking p53 in the liver show a reduced gluconeogenic response during calorie restriction. Glucagon, adrenaline and glucocorticoids augment protein levels of p53, and administration of these hormones to p53 deficient human hepatocytes and to liver-specific p53 deficient mice fails to increase glucose levels. Moreover, insulin decreases p53 levels, and over-expression of p53 impairs insulin sensitivity. Finally, protein levels of p53, as well as genes responsible of O-GlcNAcylation are elevated in the liver of type 2 diabetic patients and positively correlate with glucose and HOMA-IR. Overall these results indicate that the O-GlcNAcylation of p53 plays an unsuspected key role regulating in vivo glucose homeostasis.


Assuntos
Acetilglucosamina/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Restrição Calórica , Linhagem Celular , Colforsina/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Epinefrina/metabolismo , Glucagon/metabolismo , Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Gluconeogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosilação , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/metabolismo , Fosfoenolpiruvato Carboxiquinase (GTP)/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estabilidade Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Pirúvico/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
3.
Metabolites ; 11(7)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357361

RESUMO

Improved methods are required for investigating the systemic metabolic effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection and patient stratification for precision treatment. We aimed to develop an effective method using lipid profiles for discriminating between SARS-CoV-2 infection, healthy controls, and non-SARS-CoV-2 respiratory infections. Targeted liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry lipid profiling was performed on discovery (20 SARS-CoV-2-positive; 37 healthy controls; 22 COVID-19 symptoms but SARS-CoV-2negative) and validation (312 SARS-CoV-2-positive; 100 healthy controls) cohorts. Orthogonal projection to latent structure-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) and Kruskal-Wallis tests were applied to establish discriminant lipids, significance, and effect size, followed by logistic regression to evaluate classification performance. OPLS-DA reported separation of SARS-CoV-2 infection from healthy controls in the discovery cohort, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 1.000. A refined panel of discriminant features consisted of six lipids from different subclasses (PE, PC, LPC, HCER, CER, and DCER). Logistic regression in the discovery cohort returned a training ROC AUC of 1.000 (sensitivity = 1.000, specificity = 1.000) and a test ROC AUC of 1.000. The validation cohort produced a training ROC AUC of 0.977 (sensitivity = 0.855, specificity = 0.948) and a test ROC AUC of 0.978 (sensitivity = 0.948, specificity = 0.922). The lipid panel was also able to differentiate SARS-CoV-2-positive individuals from SARS-CoV-2-negative individuals with COVID-19-like symptoms (specificity = 0.818). Lipid profiling and multivariate modelling revealed a signature offering mechanistic insights into SARS-CoV-2, with strong predictive power, and the potential to facilitate effective diagnosis and clinical management.

4.
J Proteome Res ; 20(8): 4139-4152, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251833

RESUMO

Quantitative plasma lipoprotein and metabolite profiles were measured on an autonomous community of the Basque Country (Spain) cohort consisting of hospitalized COVID-19 patients (n = 72) and a matched control group (n = 75) and a Western Australian (WA) cohort consisting of (n = 17) SARS-CoV-2 positives and (n = 20) healthy controls using 600 MHz 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Spanish samples were measured in two laboratories using one-dimensional (1D) solvent-suppressed and T2-filtered methods with in vitro diagnostic quantification of lipoproteins and metabolites. SARS-CoV-2 positive patients and healthy controls from both populations were modeled and cross-projected to estimate the biological similarities and validate biomarkers. Using the top 15 most discriminatory variables enabled construction of a cross-predictive model with 100% sensitivity and specificity (within populations) and 100% sensitivity and 82% specificity (between populations). Minor differences were observed between the control metabolic variables in the two cohorts, but the lipoproteins were virtually indistinguishable. We observed highly significant infection-related reductions in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfraction 4 phospholipids, apolipoproteins A1 and A2,that have previously been associated with negative regulation of blood coagulation and fibrinolysis. The Spanish and Australian diagnostic SARS-CoV-2 biomarkers were mathematically and biologically equivalent, demonstrating that NMR-based technologies are suitable for the study of the comparative pathology of COVID-19 via plasma phenotyping.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Austrália , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Lipoproteínas
5.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 155, 2021 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34320987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a multimorbid long-term condition without consensual medical definition and a diagnostic based on compatible symptomatology. Here we have investigated the molecular signature of MetS in urine. METHODS: We used NMR-based metabolomics to investigate a European cohort including urine samples from 11,754 individuals (18-75 years old, 41% females), designed to populate all the intermediate conditions in MetS, from subjects without any risk factor up to individuals with developed MetS (4-5%, depending on the definition). A set of quantified metabolites were integrated from the urine spectra to obtain metabolic models (one for each definition), to discriminate between individuals with MetS. RESULTS: MetS progression produces a continuous and monotonic variation of the urine metabolome, characterized by up- or down-regulation of the pertinent metabolites (17 in total, including glucose, lipids, aromatic amino acids, salicyluric acid, maltitol, trimethylamine N-oxide, and p-cresol sulfate) with some of the metabolites associated to MetS for the first time. This metabolic signature, based solely on information extracted from the urine spectrum, adds a molecular dimension to MetS definition and it was used to generate models that can identify subjects with MetS (AUROC values between 0.83 and 0.87). This signature is particularly suitable to add meaning to the conditions that are in the interface between healthy subjects and MetS patients. Aging and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are also risk factors that may enhance MetS probability, but they do not directly interfere with the metabolic discrimination of the syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Urine metabolomics, studied by NMR spectroscopy, unravelled a set of metabolites that concomitantly evolve with MetS progression, that were used to derive and validate a molecular definition of MetS and to discriminate the conditions that are in the interface between healthy individuals and the metabolic syndrome.

6.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 486, 2021 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879833

RESUMO

There is an ongoing need of developing sensitive and specific methods for the determination of SARS-CoV-2 seroconversion. For this purpose, we have developed a multiplexed flow cytometric bead array (C19BA) that allows the identification of IgG and IgM antibodies against three immunogenic proteins simultaneously: the spike receptor-binding domain (RBD), the spike protein subunit 1 (S1) and the nucleoprotein (N). Using different cohorts of samples collected before and after the pandemic, we show that this assay is more sensitive than ELISAs performed in our laboratory. The combination of three viral antigens allows for the interrogation of full seroconversion. Importantly, we have detected N-reactive antibodies in COVID-19-negative individuals. Here we present an immunoassay that can be easily implemented and has superior potential to detect low antibody titers compared to current gold standard serology methods.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Nucleoproteínas/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Soroconversão , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/virologia , Humanos , Imunoensaio/métodos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina M/imunologia , Pandemias , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
7.
Biophys J ; 120(10): 2067-2077, 2021 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794151

RESUMO

Protein oligomerization processes are widespread and of crucial importance to understand degenerative diseases and healthy regulatory pathways. One particular case is the homo-oligomerization of folded domains involving domain swapping, often found as a part of the protein homeostasis in the crowded cytosol, composed of a complex mixture of cosolutes. Here, we have investigated the effect of a plethora of cosolutes of very diverse nature on the kinetics of a protein dimerization by domain swapping. In the absence of cosolutes, our system exhibits slow interconversion rates, with the reaction reaching the equilibrium within the average protein homeostasis timescale (24-48 h). In the presence of crowders, though, the oligomerization reaction in the same time frame will, depending on the protein's initial oligomeric state, either reach a pure equilibrium state or get kinetically trapped into an apparent equilibrium. Specifically, when the reaction is initiated from a large excess of dimer, it becomes unsensitive to the effect of cosolutes and reaches the same equilibrium populations as in the absence of cosolute. Conversely, when the reaction starts from a large excess of monomer, the reaction during the homeostatic timescale occurs under kinetic control, and it is exquisitely sensitive to the presence and nature of the cosolute. In this scenario (the most habitual case in intracellular oligomerization processes), the effect of cosolutes on the intermediate conformation and diffusion-mediated encounters will dictate how the cellular milieu affects the domain-swapping reaction.


Assuntos
Cinética , Difusão , Dimerização , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Multimerização Proteica
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(4)2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670179

RESUMO

Fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) is the fifth enzyme in the tyrosine catabolism pathway. A deficiency in human FAH leads to hereditary tyrosinemia type I (HT1), an autosomal recessive disorder that results in the accumulation of toxic metabolites such as succinylacetone, maleylacetoacetate, and fumarylacetoacetate in the liver and kidney, among other tissues. The disease is severe and, when untreated, it can lead to death. A low tyrosine diet combined with the herbicidal nitisinone constitutes the only available therapy, but this treatment is not devoid of secondary effects and long-term complications. In this study, we targeted FAH for the first-time to discover new chemical modulators that act as pharmacological chaperones, directly associating with this enzyme. After screening several thousand compounds and subsequent chemical redesign, we found a set of reversible inhibitors that associate with FAH close to the active site and stabilize the (active) dimeric species, as demonstrated by NMR spectroscopy. Importantly, the inhibitors are also able to partially restore the normal phenotype in a newly developed cellular model of HT1.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Hidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Hidrolases/metabolismo , Tirosinemias/tratamento farmacológico , Tirosinemias/enzimologia , Animais , Domínio Catalítico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Hidrolases/genética , Camundongos , Tirosinemias/genética
9.
Curr Opin Struct Biol ; 68: 9-17, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129067

RESUMO

In glycoproteins, carbohydrates are responsible for the selective interaction and tight regulation of cellular processes, constituting the main information transducer interface in protein-glycoprotein interactions. Increasing experimental and computational evidence suggest that such interactions often induce allosteric changes in the host protein, underlining the importance of studying intact glycoproteins. Technical issues have precluded such studies for years but, nowadays, a promising era is emerging where NMR spectroscopy, among other techniques, allows the characterization of the composition, structure and segmental dynamics of glycoproteins. In this review, we discuss such advances and highlight some selected examples. This novel technology unravels multiple new functional mechanisms, subtly hidden within the sugar code.

10.
J Org Chem ; 85(24): 16072-16081, 2020 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33258593

RESUMO

Molecular recognition of carbohydrates is a key step in essential biological processes. Carbohydrate receptors can distinguish monosaccharides even if they only differ in a single aspect of the orientation of the hydroxyl groups or harbor subtle chemical modifications. Hydroxyl-by-fluorine substitution has proven its merits for chemically mapping the importance of hydroxyl groups in carbohydrate-receptor interactions. 19F NMR spectroscopy could thus be adapted to allow contact mapping together with screening in compound mixtures. Using a library of fluorinated glucose (Glc), mannose (Man), and galactose (Gal) derived by systematically exchanging every hydroxyl group by a fluorine atom, we developed a strategy combining chemical mapping and 19F NMR T2 filtering-based screening. By testing this strategy on the proof-of-principle level with a library of 13 fluorinated monosaccharides to a set of three carbohydrate receptors of diverse origin, i.e. the human macrophage galactose-type lectin, a plant lectin, Pisum sativum agglutinin, and the bacterial Gal-/Glc-binding protein from Escherichia coli, it became possible to simultaneously define their monosaccharide selectivity and identify the essential hydroxyls for interaction.

11.
Hepatology ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The liver plays a central role in all metabolic processes in the body. However, precise characterization of liver metabolism is often obscured by its inherent complexity. Phosphorylated metabolites occupy a prominent position in all anabolic and catabolic pathways. Here, we develop a 31 P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based method to study the liver "phosphorome" through the simultaneous identification and quantification of multiple hydrophilic and hydrophobic phosphorylated metabolites. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We applied this technique to define the metabolic landscape in livers from a mouse model of the rare disease disorder congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) as well as two well-known murine models of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis: one genetic, methionine adenosyltransferase 1A knockout mice, and the other dietary, mice fed a high-fat choline-deficient diet. We report alterations in the concentrations of phosphorylated metabolites that are readouts of the balance between glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, the pentose phosphate pathway, the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation and of phospholipid metabolism and apoptosis. Moreover, these changes correlate with the main histological features: steatosis, apoptosis, iron deposits, and fibrosis. Strikingly, treatment with the repurposed drug ciclopirox improves the phosphoromic profile of CEP mice, an effect that was mirrored by the normalization of liver histology. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, these findings indicate that NMR-based phosphoromics may be used to unravel metabolic phenotypes of liver injury and to identify the mechanism of drug action.

12.
iScience ; 23(10): 101645, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043283

RESUMO

COVID-19 is a systemic infection that exerts significant impact on the metabolism. Yet, there is little information on how SARS-CoV-2 affects metabolism. Using NMR spectroscopy, we measured the metabolomic and lipidomic serum profile from 263 (training cohort) + 135 (validation cohort) symptomatic patients hospitalized after positive PCR testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection. We also established the profiles of 280 persons collected before the coronavirus pandemic started. Principal-component analysis discriminated both cohorts, highlighting the impact that the infection has on overall metabolism. The lipidomic analysis unraveled a pathogenic redistribution of the lipoprotein particle size and composition to increase the atherosclerotic risk. In turn, metabolomic analysis reveals abnormally high levels of ketone bodies (acetoacetic acid, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetone) and 2-hydroxybutyric acid, a readout of hepatic glutathione synthesis and marker of oxidative stress. Our results are consistent with a model in which SARS-CoV-2 infection induces liver damage associated with dyslipidemia and oxidative stress.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(52): 23763-23771, 2020 12 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915505

RESUMO

The glycan structures of the receptor binding domain of the SARS-CoV2 spike glycoprotein expressed in human HEK293F cells have been studied by using NMR. The different possible interacting epitopes have been deeply analysed and characterized, providing evidence of the presence of glycan structures not found in previous MS-based analyses. The interaction of the RBD 13 C-labelled glycans with different human lectins, which are expressed in different organs and tissues that may be affected during the infection process, has also been evaluated by NMR. In particular, 15 N-labelled galectins (galectins-3, -7 and -8 N-terminal), Siglecs (Siglec-8, Siglec-10), and C-type lectins (DC-SIGN, MGL) have been employed. Complementary experiments from the glycoprotein perspective or from the lectin's point of view have permitted to disentangle the specific interacting epitopes in each case. Based on these findings, 3D models of the interacting complexes have been proposed.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/química , Lectinas Tipo C/química , Modelos Moleculares , Polissacarídeos/química , Receptores de Coronavírus/química , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Glicosilação , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Receptores de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo
14.
Chemistry ; 26(67): 15643-15653, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780906

RESUMO

The interaction of human galectin-1 with a variety of oligosaccharides, from di-(N-acetyllactosamine) to tetra-saccharides (blood B type-II antigen) has been scrutinized by using a combined approach of different NMR experiments, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, and isothermal titration calorimetry. Ligand- and receptor-based NMR experiments assisted by computational methods allowed proposing three-dimensional structures for the different complexes, which explained the lack of enthalpy gain when increasing the chemical complexity of the glycan. Interestingly, and independently of the glycan ligand, the entropy term does not oppose the binding event, a rather unusual feature for protein-sugar interactions. CLEANEX-PM and relaxation dispersion experiments revealed that sugar binding affected residues far from the binding site and described significant changes in the dynamics of the protein. In particular, motions in the microsecond-millisecond timescale in residues at the protein dimer interface were identified in the presence of high affinity ligands. The dynamic process was further explored by extensive MD simulations, which provided additional support for the existence of allostery in glycan recognition by human galectin-1.


Assuntos
Galectina 1 , Polissacarídeos , Sítios de Ligação , Galectina 1/química , Galectina 1/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligantes , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Polissacarídeos/química , Polissacarídeos/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica
16.
ACS Cent Sci ; 6(5): 760-770, 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490192

RESUMO

Retaining glycoside hydrolases cleave their substrates through stereochemical retention at the anomeric position. Typically, this involves two-step mechanisms using either an enzymatic nucleophile via a covalent glycosyl enzyme intermediate or neighboring-group participation by a substrate-borne 2-acetamido neighboring group via an oxazoline intermediate; no enzymatic mechanism with participation of the sugar 2-hydroxyl has been reported. Here, we detail structural, computational, and kinetic evidence for neighboring-group participation by a mannose 2-hydroxyl in glycoside hydrolase family 99 endo-α-1,2-mannanases. We present a series of crystallographic snapshots of key species along the reaction coordinate: a Michaelis complex with a tetrasaccharide substrate; complexes with intermediate mimics, a sugar-shaped cyclitol ß-1,2-aziridine and ß-1,2-epoxide; and a product complex. The 1,2-epoxide intermediate mimic displayed hydrolytic and transfer reactivity analogous to that expected for the 1,2-anhydro sugar intermediate supporting its catalytic equivalence. Quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics modeling of the reaction coordinate predicted a reaction pathway through a 1,2-anhydro sugar via a transition state in an unusual flattened, envelope (E 3) conformation. Kinetic isotope effects (k cat/K M) for anomeric-2H and anomeric-13C support an oxocarbenium ion-like transition state, and that for C2-18O (1.052 ± 0.006) directly implicates nucleophilic participation by the C2-hydroxyl. Collectively, these data substantiate this unprecedented and long-imagined enzymatic mechanism.

18.
Animals (Basel) ; 10(5)2020 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438699

RESUMO

Production of equine embryos in vitro is currently a commercial technique and a reliable way of obtaining offspring. In order to produce those embryos, immature oocytes are retrieved from postmortem ovaries or live mares by ovum pick-up (OPU), matured in vitro (IVM), fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and cultured until day 8-10 of development. However, at best, roughly 10% of the oocytes matured in vitro and followed by ICSI end up in successful pregnancy and foaling, and this could be due to suboptimal IVM conditions. Hence, in the present work, we aimed to elucidate the major metabolites present in equine preovulatory follicular fluid (FF) obtained from postmortem mares using proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR). The results were contrasted against the composition of the most commonly used media for equine oocyte IVM: tissue culture medium 199 (TCM-199) and Dulbecco's modified eagle medium/nutrient mixture F-12 Ham (DMEM/F-12). Twenty-two metabolites were identified in equine FF; among these, nine of them are not included in the composition of DMEM/F-12 or TCM-199 media, including (mean ± SEM): acetylcarnitine (0.37 ± 0.2 mM), carnitine (0.09 ± 0.01 mM), citrate (0.4 ± 0.04 mM), creatine (0.36 ± 0.14 mM), creatine phosphate (0.36 ± 0.05 mM), fumarate (0.05 ± 0.007 mM), glucose-1-phosphate (6.9 ± 0.4 mM), histamine (0.25 ± 0.01 mM), or lactate (27.3 ± 2.2 mM). Besides, the mean concentration of core metabolites such as glucose varied (4.3 mM in FF vs. 5.55 mM in TCM-199 vs. 17.5 mM in DMEM/F-12). Hence, our data suggest that the currently used media for equine oocyte IVM can be further improved.

19.
J Proteome Res ; 19(6): 2419-2428, 2020 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380831

RESUMO

Prostate cancer is the second most common tumor and the fifth cause of cancer-related death among men worldwide. PC cells exhibit profound signaling and metabolic reprogramming that account for the acquisition of aggressive features. Although the metabolic understanding of this disease has increased in recent years, the analysis of such alterations through noninvasive methodologies in biofluids remains limited. Here, we used NMR-based metabolomics on a large cohort of urine samples (more than 650) from PC and benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) patients to investigate the molecular basis of this disease. Multivariate analysis failed to distinguish between the two classes, highlighting the modest impact of prostate alterations on urine composition and the multifactorial nature of PC. However, univariate analysis of urine metabolites unveiled significant changes, discriminating PC from BPH. Metabolites with altered abundance in urine from PC patients revealed changes in pathways related to cancer biology, including glycolysis and the urea cycle. We found out that metabolites from such pathways were diminished in the urine from PC individuals, strongly supporting the notion that PC reduces nitrogen and carbon waste in order to maximize their usage in anabolic processes that support cancer cell growth.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Neoplasias da Próstata , Carbono , Humanos , Masculino , Metabolômica , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
20.
ACS Cent Sci ; 5(9): 1554-1561, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572782

RESUMO

Protein N-glycosylation stands out for its intrinsic and functionally related heterogeneity. Despite its biomedical interest, Glycoprofile analysis still remains a major scientific challenge. Here, we present an NMR-based strategy to delineate the N-glycan composition in intact glycoproteins and under physiological conditions. The employed methodology allowed dissecting the glycan pattern of the IgE high-affinity receptor (FcεRIα) expressed in human HEK 293 cells, identifying the presence and relative abundance of specific glycan epitopes. Chemical shifts and differences in the signal line-broadening between the native and the unfolded states were integrated to build a structural model of FcεRIα that was able to identify intramolecular interactions between high-mannose N-glycans and the protein surface. In turn, complex type N-glycans reflect a large solvent accessibility, suggesting a functional role as interaction sites for receptors. The interaction between intact FcεRIα and the lectin hGal3, also studied here, confirms this hypothesis and opens new avenues for the detection of specific N-glycan epitopes and for the studies of glycoprotein-receptor interactions mediated by N-glycans.

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