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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the long-term differences in survival between multiple arterial grafts (MAG) and single arterial grafts (SAG) in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the SYNTAX study. METHODS: The present analysis included the randomized and registry-treated CABG patients (n = 1509) from the SYNTAX Extended Survival study (SYNTAXES). Patients with only venous (n = 42) or synthetic grafts (n = 1) were excluded. The primary end point was all-cause death at the longest follow-up. Multivariable Cox regression was used to adjust for differences in baseline characteristics. Sensitivity analysis using propensity matching with inverse probability for treatment weights was performed. RESULTS: Of the 1466 included patients, 465 (31.7%) received MAG and 1001 (68.3%) SAG. Patients receiving MAG were younger and at lower risk. At the longest follow-up of 12.6 years, all-cause death occurred in 23.6% of MAG and 40.0% of SAG patients [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.55-0.98); P = 0.038], which was confirmed by sensitivity analysis. MAG in patients with the three-vessel disease was associated with significant lower unadjusted and adjusted all-cause death at 12.6 years [adjusted HR 0.65, 95% CI (0.44-0.97); P = 0.033]. In contrast, no significance was observed after risk adjustment in patients with the left main disease, with and without diabetes, or among SYNTAX score tertiles. CONCLUSIONS: In the present post hoc analysis of all-comers patients from the SYNTAX trial, MAG resulted in markedly lower all-cause death at 12.6-year follow-up compared to a SAG strategy. Hence, this striking long-term survival benefit of MAG over SAG encourages more extensive use of multiple arterial grafting in selected patients with reasonable life expectancy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAXES ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050; SYNTAX ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972.

3.
Eur Surg Res ; : 1-9, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to identify significant causes of readmission within 30 days following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and compare readmission incidence related to surgical site infections (SSIs) before and after implementing international recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. METHODS: We analyzed 2,225 CABG patients who received either guideline-directed antibiotic prophylaxis (GDAP = 568) or institutional antibiotic prophylaxis (non-GDAP = 1,657) between January 2017 and December 2019. The primary outcome was a composite of sternal wound infection (SWI) or harvest SWI. Secondary outcomes consisted of the individual components of composite end point, the incidence of in-hospital SSIs, and prolonged postoperative length of hospital stay (LOS) (>7 days). Propensity matching was used to select pairs for final comparison. RESULTS: Before implementing GDAP, the most frequent reason for readmission were SSIs, causing 58.2% of all readmissions within 30 days. Of 429 matched pairs, 48 patients in the GDAP group and 67 patients in the non-GDAP group were readmitted to a hospital within 30 days for any cause (11.2 vs. 15.6%, p = 0.048). We found a decreased readmission incidence for reasons related to SSIs, although these differences did not reach statistical significance (7.4 vs. 10.0%, p = 0.069). Adherence to GDAP was associated with reduced in-hospital risks of SSIs and prolonged postoperative LOS (19.6 vs. 26.6%, p = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: In this contemporary clinical practice study, the adherence to GDAP was an insufficient measure to decrease rehospitalization due to SSIs. The present findings warrant further investigation on factors that may contribute to SSIs development after hospital discharge.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical and/or economic reasons sometimes necessitate the staging of percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) procedures in patients with complex coronary artery disease; however, the impact of this on very long-term outcomes is unknown. The aim of the present study is to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with the three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main disease (LM) undergoing SPCI. METHODS: This is a sub-analysis of patients undergoing SPCI in the SYNTAXES study, which investigated 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with 3VD and/or LM in the randomized SYNTAX trial, beyond its original 5-year follow-up. An SPCI was allowed within 72 h or, if renal insufficiency or contrast-induced nephropathy occurred, within 14 days of the index procedure. Mortality was compared between patients having SPCI versus those not having SPCI or undergoing CABG. PCI patients were further stratified according to 3VD or LM. RESULTS: In the SYNTAX PCI population (overall: n = 903, 3VD: n = 546, LM: n = 357), 125 (13.8%) patients underwent SPCI. Patients with SPCI had a higher 10-year mortality compared to those who didn't (40.0% vs 26.6%; hazard ratio [HR] 1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23-2.32; p < 0.01) and those having CABG(40.0% vs 24.5%; HR 1.85; 95%CI 1.35-2.53; p < 0.01). Patients having SPCI with 3VD (n = 103) or LM (n = 22) had higher mortality than respective patients not having SPCI (3VD: 37.4% vs 27.1%; HR 1.52; 95%CI 1.05-2.21; p = 0.03 and LM: 51.8% vs 25.9%; HR 2.39; 95%CI 1.27-4.47; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: At 10-year follow-up, SPCI was associated with higher mortality than single-session PCI, so that CABG may be preferable if a staged procedure is anticipated.

5.
Eur Heart J ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405875

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to compare long-term all-cause mortality between patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using multiple (MAG) or single arterial grafting (SAG). METHODS AND RESULTS: The current study is a post hoc analysis of the SYNTAX Extended Survival Study, which compared PCI with CABG in patients with three-vessel (3VD) and/or left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) and evaluated survival with ≥10 years of follow-up. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality at maximum follow-up (median 11.9 years) assessed in the as-treated population. Of the 1743 patients, 901 (51.7%) underwent PCI, 532 (30.5%) received SAG, and 310 (17.8%) had MAG. At maximum follow-up, all-cause death occurred in 305 (33.9%), 175 (32.9%), and 70 (22.6%) patients in the PCI, SAG, and MAG groups, respectively (P < 0.001). Multiple arterial grafting [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.49-0.89], but not SAG (adjusted HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.67-1.03), was associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality compared with PCI. In patients with 3VD, both MAG (adjusted HR 0.55, 95% CI 0.37-0.81) and SAG (adjusted HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.50-0.91) were associated with significantly lower mortality than PCI, whereas in LMCAD patients, no significant differences between PCI and MAG (adjusted HR 0.90, 95% CI 0.56-1.46) or SAG (adjusted HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.81-1.53) were observed. In patients with revascularization of all three major myocardial territories, a positive correlation was observed between the number of myocardial territories receiving arterial grafts and survival (Ptrend = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that MAG might be the more desirable configuration for CABG to achieve lower long-term all-cause mortality than PCI in patients with 3VD and/or LMCAD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered on clinicaltrial.gov. SYNTAXES: NCT03417050 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03417050); SYNTAX: NCT00114972 (https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00114972).

8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 78(1): 27-38, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefit of optimal medical therapy (OMT) on 5-year outcomes in patients with 3-vessel disease and/or left main disease after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) was demonstrated in the randomized SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis is to assess the impact of the status of OMT at 5 years on 10-year mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of the SYNTAXES (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Extended Survival) study, which evaluated for up to 10 years the vital status of patients who were originally enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. OMT was defined as the combination of 4 types of medications: at least 1 antiplatelet drug, statin, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker, and beta-blocker. After stratifying participants by the number of individual OMT agents at 5 years and randomized treatment, a landmark analysis was conducted to assess the association between treatment response and 10-year mortality. RESULTS: In 1,472 patients, patients on OMT at 5 years had a significantly lower mortality at 10 years compared with those on ≤2 types of medications (13.1% vs 19.9%; adjusted HR: 0.470; 95% CI: 0.292-0.757; P = 0.002) but had a mortality similar to those on 3 types of medications. Furthermore, patients undergoing CABG with the individual OMT agents, antiplatelet drug and statin, at 5 years had lower 10-year mortality than those without. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with 3-vessel and/or left main disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention or CABG, medication status at 5 years had a significant impact on 10-year mortality. Patients on OMT with guideline-recommended pharmacologic therapy at 5 years had a survival benefit. (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050; Taxus Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada/estatística & dados numéricos , Stents Farmacológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Período Pós-Operatório , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259841

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Measures to prevent surgical complications are critical components of optimal patient care, and adequate management when complications occur is equally crucial in efforts to reduce mortality. This study aims to elucidate clinical realities underlying in-hospital variations in failure to rescue (FTR) after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Using a statewide database for a quality improvement program, we identified 62 450 patients who had undergone adult cardiac surgery between 2011 and 2018 in 1 of the 33 Michigan hospitals performing adult cardiac surgery. The hospitals were first divided into tertiles according to their observed to expected (O/E) ratios of 30-day mortality: low-mortality tertile (O/E 0.46-0.78), intermediate-mortality tertile (O/E 0.79-0.90) and high-mortality tertile (O/E 0.98-2.00). We then examined the incidence of 15 significant complications and the rates of death following complications among the 3 groups. RESULTS: A total of 1418 operative deaths occurred in the entire cohort, a crude mortality rate of 2.3% and varied from 1.3% to 5.9% at the hospital level. The death rates also diverged significantly according to mortality score tertiles, from 1.6% in the low-mortality group to 3.2% in the high-mortality group (P < 0.001). Hospitals ranked in a high- or intermediate-mortality tertile had similar rates of overall complications (21.3% and 20.7%, P = 0.17), while low-mortality hospitals had significantly fewer complications (16.3%) than the other 2 tertiles (P < 0.001). FTR increased in a stepwise manner from low- to high-mortality hospitals (8.3% vs 10.0% vs 12.7%, P < 0.001, respectively). Differences in FTR were related to survival after cardiac arrest, multi-system organ failure, prolonged ventilation, reoperation for bleeding and severe acute kidney disease that requires dialysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that timely recognition and appropriate treatment of complications are as important as preventing complications to further reduce operative mortality in cardiac surgery. FTR tools may provide vital information for quality improvement initiatives.

10.
Circulation ; 144(2): 96-109, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ten-year all-cause death according to incomplete (IR) versus complete revascularization (CR) has not been fully investigated in patients with 3-vessel disease and left main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: The SYNTAX Extended Survival study (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]) evaluated vital status up to 10 years in patients who were originally enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. In the present substudy, outcomes of the CABG CR group were compared with the CABG IR, PCI CR, and PCI IR groups. In addition, in the PCI cohort, the residual SYNTAX score (rSS) was used to quantify the extent of IR and to assess its association with fatal late outcome. The rSS of 0 suggests CR, whereas a rSS>0 identifies the degree of IR. RESULTS: IR was more frequently observed in patients with PCI versus CABG (56.6% versus 36.8%) and more common in those with 3-vessel disease than left main coronary artery disease in both the PCI arm (58.5% versus 53.8%) and the CABG arm (42.8% versus 27.5%). Patients undergoing PCI with CR had no significant difference in 10-year all-cause death compared with those undergoing CABG (22.2% for PCI with CR versus 24.3% for CABG with IR versus 23.8% for CABG with CR). In contrast, those with PCI and IR had a significantly higher risk of all-cause death at 10 years compared with CABG and CR (33.5% versus 23.7%; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.48 [95% CI, 1.15-1.91]). When patients with PCI were stratified according to the rSS, those with a rSS≤8 had no significant difference in all-cause death at 10 years as the other terciles (22.2% for rSS=0 versus 23.9% for rSS>0-4 versus 28.9% for rSS>4-8), whereas a rSS>8 had a significantly higher risk of 10-year all-cause death than those undergoing PCI with CR (50.1% versus 22.2%; adjusted hazard ratio, 3.40 [95% CI, 2.13-5.43]). CONCLUSIONS: IR is common after PCI, and the degree of incompleteness was associated with 10-year mortality. If it is unlikely that complete (or nearly complete; rSS<8) revascularization can be achieved with PCI in patients with 3-vessel disease, CABG should be considered. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT00114972. URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03417050.

11.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal antiplatelet therapy for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery remains unknown. METHODS: This post hoc analysis of the Ticagrelor in Coronary Artery Bypass (TiCAB) trial examined the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor vs aspirin in patients with and patients without CKD. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), namely, the composite of cardiovascular death, stroke, myocardial infarction, or revascularization at 1 year after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Secondary endpoints included individual components of the primary endpoint, all-cause death, and major bleeding. RESULTS: Chronic kidney disease was present in 276 of 1843 randomized patients (15%). Patients with CKD vs patients without CKD had higher 1-year rates of MACCE (13% vs 8.3%, hazard ratio [HR] 1.63; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12 to 2.39; P = .01) and major bleeding (5.6% vs 3.1%, HR 1.84; 95% CI, 1.03 to 3.28; P = .04). The 1-year rate of MACCE was increased with ticagrelor vs aspirin in patients with CKD (18.2% vs 8.9%, HR 2.15; 95% CI, 1.08 to 4.30; P = .03), but not in patients without CKD (8.5% vs 8.1%, HR 1.05; 95% CI, 0.74 to 1.49; P = .79; Pinteraction = .067). There was no difference in the 1-year rate of major bleeding with ticagrelor vs aspirin in patients with CKD (6.6% vs 4.7%, HR 1.44; 95% CI, 0.52 to 3.97; P = .48) and patients without CKD (3.3% vs 2.9%, HR 1.14; 95% CI, 0.64 to 2.01; P = .65). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with CKD and coronary artery bypass graft surgery, those who received ticagrelor had a higher incidence of MACCE but a similar incidence of major bleeding compared with those who received aspirin.

12.
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis ; 8(4)2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807143

RESUMO

Objectives the exact timing of aortic valve replacement (AVR) in asymptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) remains a matter of debate. Therefore, we described the natural history of asymptomatic patients with severe AS, and the effect of AVR on long-term survival. Methods: Asymptomatic patients who were found to have severe AS between June 2006 and May 2009 were included. Severe aortic stenosis was defined as peak aortic jet velocity Vmax ≥ 4.0 m/s or aortic valve area (AVA) ≤ 1 cm2. Development of symptoms, the incidence of AVR, and all-cause mortality were assessed. Results: A total of 59 asymptomatic patients with severe AS were followed, with a mean follow-up of 8.9 ± 0.4 years. A total of 51 (86.4%) patients developed AS related symptoms, and subsequently 46 patients underwent AVR. The mean 1-year, 2-year, 5-year, and 10-year overall survival rates were higher in patients receiving AVR compared to those who did not undergo AVR during follow-up (100%, 93.5%, 89.1%, and 69.4%, versus 92.3%, 84.6%, 65.8%, and 28.2%, respectively; p < 0.001). Asymptomatic patients with severe AS receiving AVR during follow-up showed an incremental benefit in survival of up to 31.9 months compared to conservatively managed patients (p = 0.002). Conclusions: The majority of asymptomatic patients turn symptomatic during follow-up. AVR during follow-up is associated with better survival in asymptomatic severe AS patients.

13.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 77(5): 529-540, 2021 02 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical benefit after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with total occlusions (TOs) and complex coronary artery disease has not yet been clarified. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with TOs undergoing PCI or CABG. METHODS: This is a subanalysis of patients with at least 1 TO in the SYNTAXES (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Extended Survival) study, which investigated 10-year all-cause mortality in the SYNTAX (Synergy Between PCI With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) trial, beyond its original 5-year follow-up. Patients with TOs were further stratified according to the status of TO recanalization or revascularization. RESULTS: Of 1,800 randomized patients to the PCI or CABG arm, 460 patients had at least 1 lesion of TO. In patients with TOs, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization was not associated with 10-year all-cause mortality, irrespective of the assigned treatment (PCI arm: 29.9% vs. 29.4%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.992; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.474 to 2.075; p = 0.982; and CABG arm: 28.0% vs. 21.4%; adjusted HR: 0.656; 95% CI: 0.281 to 1.533; p = 0.330). When TOs existed in left main and/or left anterior descending artery, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization did not have an impact on the mortality (34.5% vs. 26.9%; adjusted HR: 0.896; 95% CI: 0.314 to 2.555; p = 0.837). CONCLUSIONS: At 10-year follow-up, the status of TO recanalization or revascularization did not affect mortality, irrespective of the assigned treatment and location of TOs. The present study might support contemporary practice among high-volume chronic TO-PCI centers where recanalization is primarily offered to patients for the management of angina refractory to medical therapy when myocardial viability is confirmed. (Synergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery: SYNTAX Extended Survival [SYNTAXES]; NCT03417050; SYNTAX Study: TAXUS Drug-Eluting Stent Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery for the Treatment of Narrowed Arteries [SYNTAX]; NCT00114972).


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Previsões , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Medição de Risco/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico , Oclusão Coronária/mortalidade , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade
14.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 110(10): 1543-1553, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary bypass artery grafting (CABG) has a higher procedural risk of stroke than percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but may offer better long-term survival. The optimal revascularization strategy for patients with prior cerebrovascular disease (CEVD) remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: The SYNTAXES study assessed the vital status out to 10 year of patients with three-vessel disease and/or left main coronary artery disease enrolled in the SYNTAX trial. The relative efficacy of PCI vs. CABG in terms of 10 year all-cause death was assessed according to prior CEVD. The primary endpoint was 10 year all-cause death. The status of prior CEVD was available in 1791 (99.5%) patients, of whom 253 patients had prior CEVD. Patients with prior CEVD were older and had more comorbidities (medically treated diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, metabolic syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, impaired renal function, and congestive heart failure), compared with those without prior CEVD. Prior CEVD was an independent predictor of 10 year all-cause death (adjusted HR: 1.35; 95% CI: 1.04-1.73; p = 0.021). Patients with prior CEVD had a significantly higher risk of 10 year all-cause death (41.1 vs. 24.1%; HR: 1.92; 95% CI: 1.54-2.40; p < 0.001). The risk of 10 year all-cause death was similar between patients receiving PCI or CABG irrespective of the presence of prior CEVD (p-interaction = 0.624). CONCLUSION: Prior CEVD was associated with a significantly increased risk of 10 year all-cause death which was similar in patients treated with PCI or CABG. These results do not support preferential referral for PCI rather than CABG in patients with prior CEVD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: SYNTAX: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT00114972. SYNTAX Extended Survival: ClinicalTrials.gov reference: NCT03417050.

15.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 59(6): 1191-1199, 2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) comprise a substantial portion of patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Our goal was to quantify the prevalence of BAV in the current SAVR ± coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) population, assess differences in cardiovascular risk profiles and assess differences in long-term survival in patients with BAV compared to patients with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). METHODS: Patients who underwent SAVR with or without concomitant CABG and who had a surgical report denoting the relevant valvular anatomy were eligible and included. Prevalence, predictors and outcomes for patients with BAV were analysed and compared to those patients with TAV. Matched patients with BAV and TAV were compared using a propensity score matching strategy and an age matching strategy. RESULTS: A total of 3723 patients, 3145 of whom (mean age 66.6 ± 11.4 years; 37.4% women) had an operative report describing their aortic valvular morphology, underwent SAVR ± CABG between 1987 and 2016. The overall prevalence of patients with BAV was 19.3% (607). Patients with BAV were younger than patients with TAV (60.6 ± 12.1 vs 68.0 ± 10.7, respectively). In the age-matched cohort, patients with BAV were less likely to have comorbidities, among others diabetes (P = 0.001), hypertension (P < 0.001) and hypercholesterolaemia (P = 0.003), compared to patients with TAV. Twenty-year survival following the index procedure was higher in patients with BAV (14.8%) compared to those with TAV (12.9%) in the age-matched cohort (P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Substantial differences in the cardiovascular risk profile exist in patients with BAV and TAV. Long-term survival after SAVR in patients with BAV is satisfactory.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 59(1): 12-53, 2021 01 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026084

RESUMO

Post-cardiotomy extracorporeal life support (PC-ECLS) in adult patients has been used only rarely but recent data have shown a remarkable increase in its use, almost certainly due to improved technology, ease of management, growing familiarity with its capability and decreased costs. Trends in worldwide in-hospital survival, however, rather than improving, have shown a decline in some experiences, likely due to increased use in more complex, critically ill patients rather than to suboptimal management. Nevertheless, PC-ECLS is proving to be a valuable resource for temporary cardiocirculatory and respiratory support in patients who would otherwise most likely die. Because a comprehensive review of PC-ECLS might be of use for the practitioner, and possibly improve patient management in this setting, the authors have attempted to create a concise, comprehensive and relevant analysis of all aspects related to PC-ECLS, with a particular emphasis on indications, technique, management and avoidance of complications, appraisal of new approaches and ethics, education and training.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Adulto , Consenso , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Mediastino , Pericardiectomia
17.
ASAIO J ; 67(1): e1-e43, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33021558

RESUMO

Post-cardiotomy extracorporeal life support (PC-ECLS) in adult patients has been used only rarely but recent data have shown a remarkable increase in its use, almost certainly due to improved technology, ease of management, growing familiarity with its capability and decreased costs. Trends in worldwide in-hospital survival, however, rather than improving, have shown a decline in some experiences, likely due to increased use in more complex, critically ill patients rather than to suboptimal management. Nevertheless, PC-ECLS is proving to be a valuable resource for temporary cardiocirculatory and respiratory support in patients who would otherwise most likely die. Because a comprehensive review of PC-ECLS might be of use for the practitioner, and possibly improve patient management in this setting, the authors have attempted to create a concise, comprehensive and relevant analysis of all aspects related to PC-ECLS, with a particular emphasis on indications, technique, management and avoidance of complications, appraisal of new approaches and ethics, education and training.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Adulto , Consenso , Estado Terminal , Humanos
18.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(1): 22-30, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence base favoring utilization of multiple arterial conduits in coronary artery bypass grafting has strengthened in recent years. Nevertheless, utilization of arterial conduits in the US lags behind that of many European peers. We describe a statewide collaborative based approach to improving utilization. METHODS: Four metrics of arterial revascularization were devised. These were displayed and discussed at quarterly statewide quality collaborative meetings from January 2016 onwards, integrated with an educational program regarding attendant benefits. We undertook retrospective review of isolated coronary artery bypass grafting statewide from 2012-2019 to assess impact. RESULTS: A total of 38,523 cases met inclusion/exclusion criteria. Statewide incidence of multiple arterial grafting increased from 7.4% at baseline to 21.7% in 2019 (P < .001), implementation across hospitals varied widely, ranging from 67.6% to 0.0%. Utilization of total arterial revascularization increased 1.9% to 4.4% (P < .001) between time frames. Utilization of both radial artery and bilateral internal thoracic artery conduit increased significantly from 5.3% to 13.2% (P < .001) and 2.1% to 8.5% (P < .001), respectively; radial artery utilization was significantly higher than bilateral internal thoracic artery for each year (P < .001 for all comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: Our statewide quality improvement initiative improved rates of utilization of multiple arterial grafting by all metrics. Barriers to current utilization were identified to guide future quality improvement efforts. This reproducible approach is readily transferable to improve quality of care in other domains and geographical areas.

19.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 111(1): 327-369, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036737

RESUMO

Post-cardiotomy extracorporeal life support (PC-ECLS) in adult patients has been used only rarely but recent data have shown a remarkable increase in its use, almost certainly due to improved technology, ease of management, growing familiarity with its capability and decreased costs. Trends in worldwide in-hospital survival, however, rather than improving, have shown a decline in some experiences, likely due to increased use in more complex, critically ill patients rather than to suboptimal management. Nevertheless, PC-ECLS is proving to be a valuable resource for temporary cardiocirculatory and respiratory support in patients who would otherwise most likely die. Because a comprehensive review of PC-ECLS might be of use for the practitioner, and possibly improve patient management in this setting, the authors have attempted to create a concise, comprehensive and relevant analysis of all aspects related to PC-ECLS, with a particular emphasis on indications, technique, management and avoidance of complications, appraisal of new approaches and ethics, education and training.


Assuntos
Suporte Vital Cardíaco Avançado/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/normas , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/normas , Adulto , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Contraindicações de Procedimentos , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Prognóstico , Próteses e Implantes , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 161(4): 1287-1331, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039139

RESUMO

Post-cardiotomy extracorporeal life support (PC-ECLS) in adult patients has been used only rarely but recent data have shown a remarkable increase in its use, almost certainly due to improved technology, ease of management, growing familiarity with its capability and decreased costs. Trends in worldwide in-hospital survival, however, rather than improving, have shown a decline in some experiences, likely due to increased use in more complex, critically ill patients rather than to suboptimal management. Nevertheless, PC-ECLS is proving to be a valuable resource for temporary cardiocirculatory and respiratory support in patients who would otherwise most likely die. Because a comprehensive review of PC-ECLS might be of use for the practitioner, and possibly improve patient management in this setting, the authors have attempted to create a concise, comprehensive and relevant analysis of all aspects related to PC-ECLS, with a particular emphasis on indications, technique, management, and avoidance of complications, appraisal of new approaches and ethics, education, and training.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Pericardiectomia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Adulto , Consenso , Humanos
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