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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Prognosis after segmentectomy for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a high consolidation tumour ratio (CTR) and [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) accumulation on positron emission tomography/computed tomography is unclear. METHODS: Participants of this study were 465 patients who underwent lobectomy or segmentectomy for clinical N0 NSCLC presenting solid component predominant tumour (CTR >50%) with a whole size ≤3 cm. Accumulations of FDG on positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans were scored according to the Deauville criteria, a 5-point visual evaluating method (Deauville score). The correlations between Deauville score, prognosis, and procedures were analysed. RESULTS: Characteristics of pathological invasiveness, such as lymphatic invasion (P < 0.001), vascular invasion (P < 0.001) and pleural invasion (P < 0.001), and non-adenocarcinoma histologies (P < 0.001) were more common in patients with Deauville scores of 3-5. The cumulative incidence of recurrence (CIR) was higher in patients with Deauville scores of 3-5 (P < 0.001). The CIR after lobectomy and segmentectomy did not differ significantly among patients with Deauville scores of 1 or 2 (P = 0.598) or those with Deauville scores of 3-5 (P = 0.322). In the analysis of propensity score matched cohort, the CIR after lobectomy and segmentectomy did not differ significantly between patients with Deauville scores of 1 or 2 and Deauville scores of 3-5. CONCLUSIONS: Segmentectomy may be feasible for NSCLC with high CTR (>50%) and accumulation of FDG. This finding should be confirmed in larger prospective studies.

2.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 2(2): 100126, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589986

RESUMO

Introduction: The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer proposed a new grading criteria for invasive adenocarcinoma. However, its utility has not been validated. Methods: Patients who underwent complete resection of lung adenocarcinoma were included in this study. Then, they were divided into the following three groups on the basis of the criteria recently proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer: grade 1, lepidic predominant tumor, with less than 20% of high-grade patterns; grade 2, acinar or papillary predominant tumor, with less than 20% of high-grade patterns; and grade 3, any tumor with greater than or equal to 20% of high-grade patterns. Results: Recurrence-free survival (RFS) was significantly different among the proposed grades (p < 0.001). The RFS of patients upgrading from current grade 2 (papillary or acinar predominant tumor) to proposed grade 3 (5-y RFS, 65.2%) was significantly worse than that of patients with proposed grade 2 (77.1%, hazard ratio = 1.882, 95% confidence interval: 1.236-2.866) but not significantly different from that of patients with grade 3 in both the current (micropapillary or solid predominant tumor) and proposed criteria (53.2%, hazard ratio = 0.761, 95% confidence interval: 0.456-1.269). Among patients with pathologic stage 0 or I, RFS was well stratified by the new grading system (p < 0.001) but not among patients with stage II or III (p = 0.334). In the multivariable analysis, the new grading was not a predictive factor of RFS. Conclusions: Although the proposed grading system well stratified RFS in patients with pathologic stage 0 or I lung adenocarcinoma, there is room for improvement.

3.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(12): 7162-7171, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal extent of lymph node dissection (LND) for hypermetabolic tumors that are associated with high rates of nodal disease, recurrence, or mortality has not been elucidated. METHODS: We reviewed 375 patients who underwent lobectomy with lymphadenectomy for clinical T2-3 N0-1 M0 hypermetabolic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) [maximum standard uptake value (SUVmax) ≥ 6.60] via a multicenter database. Extent of LND was classified into systematic mediastinal LND (systematic LND) and lobe-specific mediastinal LND (lobe-specific LND). Postoperative outcomes after lobectomy with systematic LND (n = 128) and lobe-specific LND (n = 247) were analyzed for all patients and their propensity-score-matched pairs. RESULTS: Cancer-specific survival (CSS) and recurrence-free interval (RFI) of the systematic LND group were not significantly different from those of the lobe-specific LND group in the nonadjusted whole cohort. In the propensity-score-matched cohort (101 pairs), systematic LND dissected significantly more lymph nodes (20.0 versus 16.0 nodes, P = 0.0057) and detected lymph node metastasis more frequently (53.5% vs. 33.7%, P = 0.0069). Six (5.9%) patients in the systematic LND group had a metastatic N2 lymph node "in the systematic LND field" that lobe-specific LND could not dissect. The systematic LND group tended to have better prognosis than the lobe-specific LND group (5-year CSS rates, 82.6% versus 69.6%; 5-year RFI rates, 56.6% vs. 47.3%). CONCLUSIONS: Systematic LND was found to harvest more metastatic lymph nodes and provide better oncological outcome than lobe-specific LND in a cohort of hypermetabolic NSCLC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(10): 1561-1569, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the influences of surgical procedures on the postoperative death of octogenarians with clinical Stage IA non-small cell lung cancer excluding cT1mi. METHODS: We compared overall survival and the cumulative incidence of death due to all and other causes among 1 130 279, and 191 consecutive patients aged ≤79 and ≥80 years after lobectomy, segmentectomy and wedge resection at three institutions. Death due to other causes was defined as death due to any cause except non-small cell lung cancer. RESULTS: The median followup was 53 months. The 5-year overall survival rates for patients aged ≥ 80 and ≤ 79 years after lobectomy, segmentectomy and wedge resection were respectively, 78.0% (95% confidence interval, 63.8%-87.2%) versus 91.2% (95% confidence interval, 89.0%-92.9%), 68.1% (95% confidence interval, 45.2%-83.1%) versus 90.0% (95% confidence interval, 84.6%-93.5%), and 62.7% (95% confidence interval, 44.0-76.7%) versus 84.4% (95% confidence interval, 76.3%-89.9%) (P < 0.01 for all). The cumulative incidence of death due to other causes after wedge resection was similar between patients aged ≥ 80 and ≤ 79 years (P = 0.45), but significantly higher in those aged ≥ 80, than ≤ 79 years after lobectomy or segmentectomy (P = 0.00015 and 0.00091, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The influence of wedge resection on death due to other causes was lower than that of lobectomy or segmentectomy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer aged ≥ 80 years. Wedge resection might be a useful option for octogenarians even if they can tolerate lobectomy/segmentectomy to avoid postoperative death due to causes other than non-small cell lung cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pneumonectomia , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(13): 8347-8355, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Segmentectomy has been increasingly used for lung cancer treatment, however there are very limited data evaluating the postoperative pulmonary function of patients treated with complex segmentectomy. We evaluated the postoperative pulmonary function of patients who underwent complex segmentectomy compared with simple segmentectomy, wedge resection, and lobectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 580 patients who underwent surgical resection. The patients were divided into four groups: complex segmentectomy (n = 135), simple segmentectomy (n = 83), wedge resection (n = 89), and lobectomy (n = 273). Functional testing included forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), and predicted diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (%DLCO) measured preoperatively and at 12 months after surgery. RESULTS: During the postoperative course, the complex segmentectomy and simple segmentectomy groups showed a comparable course of pulmonary function. The complex segmentectomy group significantly preserved pulmonary function compared with the lobectomy group (FVC, p = 0.017; FEV1, p = 0.010; %DLCO, p = 0.0043). A similar trend was observed even when restricted to lung diseases in the right upper lobe. On the other hand, when comparing complex segmentectomy with wedge resection, complex segmentectomy showed a trend that was more disadvantageous than wedge resection, but this difference was not significant (FVC, p = 0.19; FEV1, p = 0.40; %DLCO, p = 0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Complex segmentectomy showed comparable postoperative pulmonary functions as simple segmentectomy. Complex segmentectomy could preserve pulmonary function significantly compared with lobectomy and did not result in significant loss compared with wedge resection.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 186, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) of interstitial pneumonia (IP) is the most fatal complication after lung resection for lung cancer. To improve the prognosis of lung cancer with IP, the risk factors of AE of IP after lung resection should be assessed. S100 calcium-binding protein A4 (S100A4) is a member of the S100 family of proteins and is a known marker of tissue fibrosis. We examined the usefulness of S100A4 in predicting AE of IP after lung resection for lung cancer. METHODS: This study included 162 patients with IP findings on preoperative high-resolution computed tomography scan who underwent curative-intent lung resection for primary lung cancer between April 2007 and March 2019. Serum samples were collected preoperatively. Resected lung tissue from 76 patients exhibited usual IP (UIP) pattern in resected lung were performed immunohistochemistry (IHC). Relationship between S100A4 and the incidence of AE of IP and short-term mortality was analyzed. RESULTS: The receiver operating characteristic area under the curve for serum S100A4 to predict postoperative AE of IP was 0.871 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.799-0.943; P < 0.001), with a sensitivity of 93.8% and a specificity of 75.3% at the cutoff value of 17.13 ng/mL. Multivariable analysis revealed that a high serum S100A4 level (> 17.13 ng/mL) was a significant risk factor for AE of IP (odds ratio, 42.28; 95% CI, 3.98-449.29; P = 0.002). A 1-year overall survival (OS) was significantly shorter in patients with high serum levels of S100A4 (75.3%) than in those with low serum levels (92.3%; P = 0.003). IHC staining revealed that fibroblasts, lymphocytes, and macrophages expressed S100A4 in the UIP area, and the stroma and fibrosis in the primary tumor expressed S100A4, whereas tumor cells did not. CONCLUSIONS: Serum S100A4 had a high predictive value for postoperative AE of IP and short-term mortality after lung resection.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Proteína A4 de Ligação a Cálcio da Família S100/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Modelos Logísticos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Proteína A4 de Ligação a Cálcio da Família S100/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Lung Cancer ; 158: 9-14, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090182

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lymphatic vessel invasion (Ly) plays a crucial role in pathological lymph node metastasis (pN), and we consider pN + Ly + disease to indicate a high affinity for the lymphatic system. This study evaluated the outcomes of patients with clinically node-negative (N0) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who presented with pN + with Ly+. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 1775 patients with clinically N0 stage I-III NSCLC who underwent R0 anatomical resection and systematic lymph node dissection at three institutions between January 2010 and December 2017. Patients were classified into four groups according to their pN and Ly statuses. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify factors associated with poor recurrence-free survival (RFS) and pN + Ly+. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier curves revealed that the 5-year RFS rates were 90.8 % for pN-Ly- patients, 55.6 % for pN-Ly + patients, 63.4 % for pN + Ly- patients, and 41.3 % for pN + Ly + patients. Distant and lymph node recurrences were more common in the pN + Ly + group, relative to in the pN-Ly- and pN-Ly + groups (both p < 0.001). Multivariable analyses revealed that pN and Ly statuses were independently associated with RFS, while the solid tumor size and maximum standardized uptake value were independently associated with pN + Ly + status. The proportion of pN + Ly + disease was 17.2 % in patients with a solid-part size of > 1.80 cm and a SUVmax of > 3.55. CONCLUSION: pN and Ly statuses were independent prognostic factors in patients with clinically N0 stage I-III NSCLC. Diseases presenting with pN + with Ly + were associated with increased rates of distant and lymph node recurrence.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In lung cancer patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) postoperative acute exacerbation can be fatal. However the predictive biomarkers for postoperative exacerbation of ILD have not been fully elucidated. The soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products is a lung-derived antiinflammatory protein that can prevent acute lung injury. This study aimed to elucidate its role in this fatal complication, especially focusing on the predictive potential of serum levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 152 patients with lung cancer and ILD who underwent lung resection and had blood samples collected before surgery. Independent predictors of postoperative acute exacerbation were evaluated in all patients and in subgroups based on the surgical procedure. Additionally serial changes in soluble receptor levels in these subgroups were evaluated. RESULTS: Seventeen patients (11.2%) developed postoperative acute exacerbation. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed 547.4 pg/mL as the optimal soluble receptor level cutoff value. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed a significant association between soluble receptor serum levels (≤547.4 pg/mL) and postoperative acute exacerbation. In the subgroup analysis this independent association was observed only in the lobectomy group. Additionally lobectomy caused a significant reduction in postoperative soluble receptor levels. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased baseline levels of circulatory soluble receptor might be a potential risk factor for postoperative acute exacerbation in patients with lung cancer and ILD. Moreover additional reduction in the levels of this antiinflammatory protein occurs because of lung resection.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 10105, 2021 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980944

RESUMO

Postoperative acute exacerbation of interstitial lung disease (AE-ILD) can be fatal in patients with lung cancer concomitant with ILD. We aimed to elucidate the predictive potential of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), which is associated with the development and severity of lung injury, for evaluating the risk of this complication. We included 152 patients with lung cancer and ILD who underwent radical surgery between January 2011 and August 2019. We evaluated the preoperative levels of serum HMGB1 and its predictive potential for postoperative AE-ILD. Postoperative AE-ILD developed in 17 patients. Serum levels of HMGB1 were significantly higher in patients with postoperative AE-ILD than in those without (median [interquartile range]: 5.39 [3.29-11.70] ng/mL vs. 3.55 [2.07-5.62] ng/mL). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that higher HMGB1 levels were significantly associated with the development of postoperative AE-ILD in entire studied patients (n = 152). In the subgroup analysis, higher HMGB1 levels were associated with a significantly increased risk of this complication in patients who underwent lobectomy (n = 77) than in those who underwent sublobar resection (n = 75). Serum HMGB1 could be a promising marker for evaluating the risk of postoperative AE-ILD, specifically in patients who underwent lobectomy.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(7): 1123-1131, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002234

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prognostic role of interstitial pneumonia with emphysema in lung cancer is not fully understood. This study aimed to examine the prognostic role of the presence of emphysema in patients with clinical stage I lung cancer and interstitial pneumonia. METHODS: The presence of interstitial pneumonia and emphysema was evaluated on preoperative high-resolution computed tomography. In total, 836 consecutive patients with clinical stage I lung cancer who underwent complete resection between April 2007 and March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model to examine survival differences. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in 5-year overall survival between patients with interstitial pneumonia and emphysema (n = 65) and those without (n = 771) (62.6% vs. 86.5%; P < 0.001). However, in patients with interstitial pneumonia on high-resolution computed tomography, there was no significant difference in 5-year overall survival between patients with emphysema (n = 65) and those without emphysema (n = 50) (62.6% vs. 59.4%, P = 0.84). Multivariable backward stepwise Cox proportional hazard analysis in patients with interstitial pneumonia showed that histology, %diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide, radiologic interstitial pneumonia pattern and surgical procedure were independent prognostic factors for overall survival, but the presence of emphysema was not. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of emphysema was not an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in patients with clinical stage I lung cancer with interstitial pneumonia. Poor survival of patients with IP and emphysema may be due to the presence of interstitial pneumonia.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Enfisema Pulmonar/mortalidade , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Enfisema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Enfisema Pulmonar/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to its invasiveness, the indications for "complex segmentectomy" for radiologically hypermetabolic (high maximum standard uptake value [SUV max]) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. This study compared the outcomes after complex segmentectomy and lobectomy in these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 717 patients with radiologically hypermetabolic (SUV max ≥ 2.5), clinical Stage IA NSCLC who underwent complex segmentectomy (n = 61) or "location-adjusted" lobectomy (n = 656) at three institutions from 2010 to 2019. Postoperative outcomes were analyzed for all patients and their propensity score-matched pairs. Factors affecting oncologic outcomes were assessed by Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. RESULTS: The prognosis of patients undergoing complex segmentectomy was not significantly different from that of patients undergoing lobectomy [5-year cancer specific survival (CSS) rate, 89.9% vs. 91.1%, P = 0.98 and 5-year recurrence-free interval (RFI) rates, 83.0% vs. 77.5%, P = 0.62] in non-adjusted cohort. In 55 propensity score-matched pairs, oncologic outcomes were not significantly different between patients undergoing complex segmentectomy (5-year CSS, 89.9%; 5-year RFI, 83.0%) and lobectomy (5-year CSS, 83.6%; 5-year RFI, 82.5%). Multivariable Cox regression analysis for RFI revealed no significant differences between oncologic outcomes associated with complex segmentectomy and lobectomy (hazard ratio, 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.25-2.14; P = 0.74). CONCLUSIONS: Oncologic outcomes of complex segmentectomy and lobectomy were not significantly different in those with radiologically hypermetabolic, clinical Stage IA NSCLC patients. Complex segmentectomy can treat high SUV max, clinical Stage IA lung cancers without compromising oncologic results.

12.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(12): 7219-7227, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomic resection with lymph node dissection or sampling is the standard treatment for early non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and wedge resection is an option for compromised patients. This study aimed to determine whether wedge resection can provide comparable prognoses for elderly patients with NSCLC. METHODS: The study analyzed the clinicopathologic findings and surgical outcomes during a median follow-up period of 39.6 months for 156 patients with solid dominant (consolidation-to-tumor ratio > 0.5) small (whole tumor size ≤ 2 cm) NSCLC among 892 patients 80 years of age or older with medically operable lung cancer between April 2015 and December 2016. RESULTS: The 3-year overall survival (OS) rates after wedge resection and after segmentectomy plus lobectomy did not differ significantly (86.5 %; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 74.6-93.0 % vs 83.7 % 95 % CI, 74.0-90.0 %; P = 0.92). Multivariable Cox regression analysis of OS with propensity scores showed that the surgical procedure was not an independent prognostic predictor (hazard ratio [HR], 0.84; 95 % CI, 0.39-1.8; P = 0.64). The 3-year OS rates were slightly better after wedge resection for 97 patients who could tolerate lobectomy than after segmentectomy plus lobectomy (89.4 %; 95 % CI, 73.8-95.9 % vs 75.8 %; 95 % CI, 62.0-85.2 %; P = 0.14). The cumulative incidence of other causes for death was marginally higher after segmentectomy plus lobectomy than after wedge resection (P = 0.079). CONCLUSIONS: Wedge resection might be equivalent to lobectomy or segmentectomy for selected patients 80 years of age or older with early-stage NSCLC who can tolerate lobectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pneumonectomia
14.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e043234, 2021 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737428

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, inhibition of programmed cell death 1 or its ligand has shown therapeutic effects on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the effectiveness of preoperative nivolumab monotherapy for stage I NSCLC remains unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the pathological response of preoperative treatment with nivolumab for clinically node negative but having a high risk of NSCLC recurrence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Preoperative Nivolumab (Opdivo) to evaluate pathologic response in patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer: a phase 2 trial (POTENTIAL) study is a multicentre phase II trial investigating efficacy of preoperative nivolumab for clinical stage I patients at high risk of recurrence. This study includes histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC patients with clinical N0 who were found on preoperative high-resolution CT to have a pure solid tumour without a ground-glass opacity component (clinical T1b, T1c or T2a) or a solid component measuring 2-4 cm in size (clinical T1c or T2a). Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation (deletion of exon 19 or point mutation on exon21, L858R), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocation or c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS-1) translocation are excluded from this study. Nivolumab (240 mg/body) is administrated intravenously as preoperative therapy every 2 weeks for three cycles. Afterward, lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection (ND 2a-1 or ND 2a-2) are performed. The primary endpoint is a pathological complete response in the resected specimens. The secondary endpoints are safety, response rates and major pathological response. The planed sample size is 50 patients. Patients have been enrolled since April 2019. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This trial was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Hiroshima University Hospital and other participating institutions. This trial will help examine the efficacy of preoperative nivolumab therapy for clinical stage I NSCLC. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: jRCT2061180016.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico
15.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 22(2): 120-126.e3, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the recent development of radiologic mediastinal staging modality, unexpected mediastinal lymph node metastasis still occurs. Preoperative accurate nodal staging is important to determine the optimal treatment. Therefore, this study aimed to identify predictors of unexpected N2 disease in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from a multicenter database of 2802 patients with clinical T1-2N0-1M0 NSCLC who underwent anatomical segmentectomy or lobectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Unexpected N2 disease was defined as pathologic N2 disease with clinical N0 or N1. The predictive criteria of unexpected N2 disease were established on the basis of the multivariable analysis results of a derivation cohort of 2019 patients, and the criteria were further tested in a validation cohort of 783 patients. RESULTS: In multivariable analyses, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of the primary tumor on 18-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (odds ratio, 1.072; 95% confidence interval, 1.018-1.129; P = .008) and clinical N1 (vs. clinical N0) disease (odds ratio, 5.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.829-15.94; P = .002) were independent predictors of unexpected N2 disease. The predictive criteria of unexpected N2 disease was defined as tumors with SUVmax of ≥ 3.1, determined by receiver operating characteristic curves, and clinical N1 disease. This criterion showed diagnostic accuracy of 90.6% (sensitivity 32.0%, specificity 94.5%) in the derivation cohort and 91.3% (sensitivity 32.6%, specificity 94.7%) in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: The predictive criteria of unexpected N2 disease (tumors with SUVmax of ≥ 3.1 and clinical N1) can be used to select candidates for preoperative invasive mediastinal staging in patients with clinical T1-2N0-1M0 NSCLC.

16.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 22(3): e431-e437, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32665166

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term outcomes after sublobar resection for patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma who met our proposed node-negative (N0) criteria, namely solid component size < 0.8 cm on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) or a maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of < 1.5 on [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2006 and December 2010, a total of 347 patients with clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma underwent complete resection in two medical centers. Long-term outcomes of patients with disease that met the N0 criteria after sublobar resection were evaluated. RESULTS: The disease of 201 patients (57.9%) met the N0 criteria. Meeting N0 criteria was significantly associated with low-grade adenocarcinoma subtype (P < .001) and absence of lymphatic invasion (P < .001), vascular invasion (P < .001), and pleural invasion (P < .001). One patient (0.5%) had lymph node metastasis. The median follow-up period was 86.1 months. There was a significant difference in the overall survival (OS) rates between patients with disease that met the N0 criteria (5-year OS, 93.9%; 10-year OS, 90.3%) and disease that did not (5-year OS, 81.5%; 10-year OS, 64.3%; P < .001). Among patients with disease that met the N0 criteria, there was no significant difference in the OS between those who underwent lobectomy (5-year OS, 94.3%; 10-year OS, 92.6%) and those who underwent sublobar resection (5-year OS, 93.8%; 10-year OS, 89.3%; P = .64). CONCLUSIONS: Sublobar resection of clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinoma is feasible in selected patients with disease that meets the N0 criteria, with excellent long-term survival.

17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 111(3): 1044-1051, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complex segmentectomy creates several intricate intersegmental planes; however, it has not been fully established in lung cancer treatment. We compared the oncologic outcomes of complex segmentectomy and lobectomy through a large cohort, multicenter database using propensity score-matched analysis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 1517 patients with clinical stage I lung cancer with a solid component size 2.0 cm or less, who underwent surgical resection at 3 institutions between 2010 and 2018. Complex segmentectomy (n = 240) and location-adjusted lobectomy (n = 851) as well as surgical results were analyzed for all patients and their propensity score-matched pairs. RESULTS: The prognosis of patients undergoing complex segmentectomy was not significantly different from that of patients undergoing lobectomy (5-year cancer-specific survival [CSS] rate, 96.4% versus 97.2%, P = .69; and 5-year recurrence-free interval [RFI] rate, 95.8% versus 93.4%, P = .19). This trend was also identified in subanalyses for pure solid tumors. However, there were major differences in clinicopathologic features between the 2 groups. After propensity score-matched analysis, proper matching of patients was ascertained. In 219 propensity score-matched pairs, long-term outcomes were similar between patients undergoing complex segmentectomy (5-year CSS, 96.0%; 5-year RFI, 95.5%) and lobectomy (5-year CSS, 97.8%; 5-year RFI, 95.9%). Propensity score-adjusted multivariable analysis for RFI revealed that prognosis associated with complex segmentectomy was comparable to the prognosis obtained with lobectomy (hazard ratio = 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.33-2.40; P = .98). CONCLUSIONS: Complex segmentectomy provides acceptable oncologic outcomes in clinical stage I lung cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Pontuação de Propensão , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
18.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(1): 264-270, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) of interstitial pneumonia (IP) is a fatal complication after lung resection. We aimed to investigate whether the visual accumulation of [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) in the field of IP on preoperative FDG-positron emission tomography-computed tomography is useful for predicting AE of IP. METHODS: This study included 193 patients with IP findings on preoperative computed tomography who underwent curative intent lung resection for primary lung cancer at Hiroshima University Hospital between April 2007 and March 2019. If the uptake of IP area was higher than the background normal lung, the patients were considered to have positive FDG accumulation. The relationship of the accumulation of FDG in the IP area and the incidence of AE of IP and short-term mortality was analyzed. RESULTS: Among the included patients, accumulation of FDG in the IP area was detected in 130 (67.4%) patients. The incidence of AE of IP was significantly different between patients with (10.0%) and without (0%) FDG accumulation in the IP area (P = .001). The 90-day mortality rate was also significantly different between patients with (6.9%) and without (0%) accumulation of FDG in the IP area (P = .007). In the multivariable analysis, the accumulation of FDG in the IP area was a significant risk factor of AE of IP (P = .005). CONCLUSIONS: The visual evaluation of accumulation of FDG in the IP area was useful to predict the AE of IP and short-term mortality after lung resection.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Adulto , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Humanos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(4): 2068-2075, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of the Deauville criteria (a 5-point visual scale criteria) in assessing the accumulation of [18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) on positron-emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for predicting prognosis of early-stage lung adenocarcinoma and selecting candidates for sublobar resection. METHODS: This retrospective study included 648 patients undergoing curative resection for clinical N0 lung adenocarcinoma with a whole tumor size of 3 cm or smaller between April 2007 and March 2019. Accumulations of the FDG on PET/CT scans were scored using the Deauville criteria (Deauville score), and correlations between the Deauville score and prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS: The recurrence-free survival (RFS) was significantly better for the patients with a Deauville score of 1 or 2 (n = 415, 5-year RFS, 92.6%) than for those with a score of 3 (n = 82, 5-year RFS, 72.7%; P < 0.001) or a score of 4 or 5 (n = 151, RFS, 70.8%; P < 0.001). The RFS did not differ significantly among the patients with Deauville scores of 1 and 2 who underwent wedge resection (n = 102, 5-year RFS, 90.5%), segmentectomy (n = 188, RFS, 95.1%; P = 0.355), and lobectomy (n = 125, RFS, 91.1%; P = 0.462). CONCLUSION: The 5-point-scale evaluation of FDG accumulation on PET/CT was useful in predicting the prognosis for patients with early-stage lung adenocarcinoma. Lung adenocarcinoma patients with a whole tumor size of 3 cm or smaller and a Deauville score of 1 or 2 can be candidates for sublobar resection.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Seleção de Pacientes , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 22(2): e224-e233, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although sublobar resection has become widely used for lung cancer treatment, very limited data comparing outcomes following complex segmentectomy or wedge resection have been available. Questions remain regarding mortality, morbidity, surgical margin, lymph node dissection, and long-term survival outcomes. This study compares operative and postoperative outcomes of complex segmentectomy and wedge resection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 216 patients with clinical stage I lung cancer who underwent complex segmentectomy (n = 110) or wedge resection (n = 106) between April 2007 and March 2017 were retrospectively reviewed, and 61 propensity score-matched pairs were analyzed. Operative and postoperative results were compared. Factors affecting survival were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Although the complex segmentectomy group tended to have higher overall complications (26.2% vs. 16.4%; P = .27) and prolonged air leakage (11.5% vs. 6.6%; P = .53) rates than the wedge resection group, major complications (≥grade IIIa) (0% vs. 3.3%; P = .50) and 30-day mortality (0% vs. 0%; P = 1.00) rates were comparable between both groups. Complex segmentectomy provided better median surgical margin distance (15.0 vs. 10.0 mm; P = .052) and number of dissected lymph nodes (6.0 vs. 0.0 nodes; P = .0002) than wedge resection. The complex segmentectomy group tended to have better prognosis than the wedge resection group (5-year overall survival rates, 94.7% vs. 79.4% and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates, 94.0% vs. 76.5%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Complex segmentectomy could provide better oncological and survival outcomes with acceptable perioperative safety compared with wedge resection.

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