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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842307

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This investigation aimed to examine the relationship among activities of daily living (ADL), nutritional status and 90-day hospital readmission in elderly heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS: Participants were selected from 634 HF patients consecutively hospitalized at one institution. We investigated patient characteristics, ADL (motor and cognitive items of Functional Independence Measure (FIM)) and nutritional status (Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI)). Data were analyzed using unpaired t-test, χ2 test, Cox proportional hazard model, and Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The 169 participants that met inclusion criteria were divided into two groups based on hospital readmission within 90 days of discharge. Body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.03), hemoglobin (p = 0.047), GNRI (p = 0.02) and motor-FIM (p = 0.007) were significantly different between the readmission (n = 31) and non-readmission (n = 138) groups. After Cox proportional hazard model analysis, GNRI (HR: 0.96; p = 0.048) and motor-FIM (HR: 0.97; p = 0.03) scores remained statistically significant. Participants were then classified into four groups based on a previous study's cut-off values of prognosis for GNRI and motor-FIM. Readmission avoidance rate was significantly lower (p = 0.002) in the group with GNRI <92 and motor FIM <75. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that motor-FIM and GNRI scores for hospitalized elderly HF patients were predictors of readmission within 90 days of discharge.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Estado Nutricional , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação Nutricional , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
2.
ESC Heart Fail ; 6(2): 344-350, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624858

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aims to examine the effect of differences in nutritional status on activities of daily living (ADL) and mobility recovery of hospitalized elderly patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: From among 377 consecutive HF patients who underwent rehabilitation at one acute-care hospital from January 2013 to August 2015, those who were aged ≥ 65 years could walk with assistance before hospitalization and who were hospitalized for the first time were included in this retrospective cohort study. Exclusion criteria were pacemaker surgery during hospitalization, change to other departments, death during hospitalization, and unmeasured ADL. We investigated patient characteristics, basic attributes, Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI), ADL [motor Functional Independence Measure (motor FIM)], and Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI). Of these 377 patients, 96 met the inclusion criteria and were divided into the low GNRI group (n = 38, 83.5 ± 8.3 years, 44.7% male) and high GNRI group (n = 58, 81.0 ± 6.6 years, 55.2%). Patient characteristics and the difference between motor ADL and motility recovery and nutrition data were analysed with unpaired t-test, χ2 test, and two-way analysis of covariance. In comparing the two groups, the following parameters were significantly lower in the low GNRI group than in the high GNRI group: body mass index (18.7 ± 2.2 vs. 23.2 ± 2.7 kg/m2 , P < 0.01), albumin (3.4 ± 0.4 vs. 3.8 ± 0.4 g/dL, P < 0.01), diabetes mellitus ratio (21.1% vs. 50.0%, P < 0.01), RMI at discharge (6.8 ± 2.6 vs. 8.2 ± 2.2, P = 0.01), and motor FIM at discharge (67.2 ± 19.5 vs. 75.6 ± 13.3, P = 0.02). RMI showed a significant group and term main effect and interaction effect (P < 0.05). Motor FIM showed a significant main effect of group and term (P < 0.05), and no significant interaction effect. CONCLUSIONS: Low nutritional status in hospitalized elderly HF patients affected their recovery of mobility but did not appear to affect the recovery of ADL.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Avaliação Geriátrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Estado Nutricional , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Morbidade/tendências , Avaliação Nutricional , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 100: 116-123, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29427922

RESUMO

A single administration of mice with memantine (1-amino-3,5-dimethyladamantane), a glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, induced stereotyped behaviors in dose- and time-dependent manners. The predominant behavioral component of the stereotypy was a continuous, exaggerated sniffing which was accompanied by persistent locomotion. In contrast, a psychostimulant methamphetamine (METH) predominantly induced a stereotyped biting and other forms of intense stationary stereotypical behaviors. Memantine-induced stereotyped sniffing was attenuated by pretreatment with haloperidol, a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist, in a dose-dependent manner. The memantine-induced stereotyped sniffing was also attenuated by pretreatment with betahistine (2-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]pyridine), an agent which increases histamine turnover and releases histamine in the brain. These observations suggest that memantine might induce stereotypies through neuronal mechanisms that are somewhat different from those of METH, but still overlap to a certain extent, since memantine-induced stereotypies can be attenuated by the mechanisms that also suppress METH-induced stereotypy. Importantly, these data suggests that the effects of memantine may be more limited to the ventral striatum including nucleus accumbens than those of METH, which is associated with dorsal striatal stimulation at high doses. In this respect memantine may also have pharmacological properties such as compartmentation (i.e. brain distribution) and neuronal mechanisms different from those of other NMDA receptor antagonists, such as ketamine, which may have important implications for therapeutic uses of these drugs.


Assuntos
Dopaminérgicos/farmacologia , Memantina/farmacologia , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/antagonistas & inibidores , Comportamento Estereotipado/efeitos dos fármacos , Estriado Ventral/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Dopaminérgicos/farmacocinética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Masculino , Memantina/farmacocinética , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Atividade Motora/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Accumbens/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Accumbens/metabolismo , Receptores de Dopamina D2/agonistas , Fatores de Tempo , Estriado Ventral/metabolismo
4.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 30(1): 45-51, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28251568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal function (RF) and activities of daily living (ADL) are risk factors for heart failure (HF) patients. AIMS: We evaluated differences in motor and cognitive ADL in relation to RF in elderly hospitalized HF patients. METHODS: Participants were selected from 414 consecutive hospitalized HF patients based on certain criteria. We investigated patient characteristics including Functional Independence Measure (FIM) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Subjects were divided into three groups by RF level and analyzed with one-way ANOVA and Chi-square tests and two-way ANCOVA and multiple comparison tests. RESULTS: Of the 414 patients, 165 met the inclusion criteria (high RF: 41, moderate RF: 84, low RF: 40). There were significant differences between the three groups in age, eGFR, hemoglobin level, mobility, cognitive function, and length of hospital stay (p < 0.05). Motor FIM showed an interaction between term and group, and cognitive FIM showed a main effect on the group (p < 0.05). In the multiple comparisons, motor FIM of all groups indicated significant recovery, but it was significantly lower after 1 week in the low RF versus moderate/high RF groups (p < 0.05). Cognitive FIM showed no significant recovery in the low RF group; the FIM score after 2 weeks was significantly lower than that in the moderate/high RF groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In elderly hospitalized HF patients, the motor ADL recovery process in the low RF group was delayed compared to the high RF group. Cognitive ADL in hospitalized HF patients is difficult to recover, especially in those with low RF.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Disfunção Cognitiva/reabilitação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Insuficiência Renal/reabilitação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Disfunção Cognitiva/classificação , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/classificação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal/classificação , Insuficiência Renal/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2017: 7420738, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29201912

RESUMO

Aims: To examine the relationship between activities of daily living (ADL) and readmission within 90 days and assess the cutoff value of ADL to predict readmission in hospitalized elderly patients with heart failure (HF). Methods: This cohort study comprised 589 consecutive patients with HF aged ≥65 years, who underwent cardiac rehabilitation from May 2012 to May 2016 and were discharged home. We investigated patients' characteristics, basic attributes, and ADL (motor and cognitive Functional Independence Measure [FIM]). We analyzed the data using the unpaired t-test, χ2 test, Cox proportional hazard model, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Of 589 patients, 113 met the criteria, and they were divided into the nonreadmission (n = 90) and readmission groups (n = 23). Age, body mass index, New York Heart Association class, hemoglobin level, and motor FIM score were significantly different between the two groups (p < 0.05). The body mass index (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.87; p < 0.05) and motor FIM score (HR: 0.94; p < 0.01) remained statistically significant. The cutoff value for the motor FIM score determined by ROC curve analysis was 74.5 points (area under the curve = 0.78; p < 0.001). Conclusion: The motor FIM score in elderly patients with HF was an independent predictor of rehospitalization within 90 days.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Reabilitação Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Alta do Paciente , Readmissão do Paciente , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
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