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1.
Cell Tissue Bank ; 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38976150

RESUMO

Cryopreservation is a method adopted for storage of autologous skulls. Herein, this current research sought to explore the effects of different cryoprotectants on the biological characteristics of rat calvarial osteoblasts after cryopreservation. Neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were selected and their skull tissues were isolated. The skull tissues were allocated into the refrigerating-3M, refrigerating-6M, M199-3M, M199-6M, povidone iodine-3M, and povidone iodine-6M groups according to the usage of cryoprotectants and treatment time (month) and the fresh group. Osteoblasts were isolated from skull tissues in each group through digestion. The histomorphology of the skull was evaluated by H&E staining and cell morphology was observed by microscopy. The viability, proliferation, apoptosis, and osteogenic activity of osteoblasts were assessed by trypan blue staining, MTT, flow cytometry, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining. The skull histomorphology and osteoblast morphology were similar between the fresh and refrigerating groups. Osteoblast viability was weakened after cryopreservation. The longer the refrigeration time, the lower the number of living cells and the higher the apoptosis rate. However, cryopreservation using different cryoprotectants did not evidently affect osteoblast proliferation and ALP activity. Different cryoprotectants show no apparent effect on the osteogenic activity of rat calvarial osteoblasts after cryopreservation.

2.
Expert Rev Hematol ; 17(4-5): 135-143, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38465408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop and internally validate a prediction model for identifying patients with hematologic diseases of fall risk. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study from a prospective collection of data for 6 months. We recruited 412 patients with hematologic diseases in medical institutions and home environment of China. The outcome of the prediction model was fall or not. These variables were filtered via univariable logistic analysis, LASSO, and multivariable logistic analysis. We adopt an internal validation method of K-fold cross validation. The area under the ROC curve and the H-L test were used to evaluate the discrimination and calibration of the model. RESULTS: Five influencing factors were identified multivariable logistic regression analysis. The established model equation is as follows: the H-L goodness-of-fit test of the model p > 0.05. The area under the ROC curve of train is 0.957 (95% CI: 0.936 ~ 0.978), and the area under the ROC curve of test is 0.962 (95% CI: 0.884 ~ 1), so the model calibration and discriminant validity are good. CONCLUSION: Our equation has good sensitivity and specificity in predicting the fall risk of patients with hematologic diseases, and has certain positive significance for clinical assessment of their fall risk. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2200063940.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Doenças Hematológicas , Humanos , Doenças Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Hematológicas/complicações , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Estudos de Coortes , Adulto , Fatores de Risco , Medição de Risco , China/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
3.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 50(11): 3363-3374, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37266596

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Research on fibroblast activating protein (FAP)-targeting inhibitor (FAPI) has become an important focus for cancer imaging and radiotherapy. Quinoline-based tracers [68 Ga]FAPI-04 and [18F]FAPI-42 have been widely used for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of most tumors. However, there exist some limitations of these tracers with high uptake in biliary duct system and unstable uptake in pancreas, unsuitable for abdominal tumors PET imaging. Here we developed a [18F]-labeled glycopeptide-containing FAPI tracer (named [18F]FAPT) for PET imaging of FAP in cancers. METHODS: [18F]FAPT was synthesized manually and automatically. The competitive binding to FAP, cellular internalization, and efflux characteristics were examined in vitro using A549-FAP cells. Dynamic MicroPET and biodistribution studies of [18F]FAPT were then conducted in A549-FAP and U87MG xenograft tumor mouse models compared with [18F]FAPI-42. Five healthy volunteers and three patients with cancer underwent [18F]FAPT PET/CT. RESULTS: Preclinical and clinical studies showed specific binding of [18F]FAPT to FAP and favorable pharmacokinetic properties with better hydrophilicity, lower uptake in biliary duct system, higher tumor uptake and longer tumor retention compared with [18F]FAPI-42. The biodistribution of [18F]FAPT in healthy volunteers and patients with cancer displayed low uptake in most normal tissues except for pancreas, thyroid and salivary gland, which could contribute to high tumor-to-background ratios in most cancers. CONCLUSION: [18F]FAPT is better PET tracer than [18F]FAPI-42 for imaging of biliary duct system cancer, potentially providing a tool to examine FAP expression in most cancers with high tumor-to-background ratios.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Abdominais , Quinolinas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Distribuição Tecidual , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Fibroblastos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Radioisótopos de Gálio
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1192-1198, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1009974

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical characteristics and impact on mortality of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) colonized or infected patients with hematological disorders in order to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of CRPA.@*METHODS@#The patients who were colonized or infected with CRPA in the Department of Hematology of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University from January 2020 to March 2021 were selected as the research subjects, the clinical data such as hospitalization time, primary disease treatment regimen, granulocyte count, previous infection and antibiotic regimen of these patients were analyzed, meanwhile, antibiotic regimen and efficacy during CRPA infection, 30-day and long-term survival were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 59 patients were included in this study, and divided into CRPA infection group (43 cases) and CRPA colonization group (16 cases). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that ECOG score (P =0.003), agranulocytosis (P <0.001), and exposure to upper than 3rd generations of cephalosporins and tigecycline within 30 days (P =0.035, P =0.017) were the high-risk factors for CRPA infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ECOG score of 3/4 ( OR=10.815, 95%CI: 1.260-92.820, P =0.030) and agranulocytosis ( OR=13.82, 95%CI: 2.243-85.176, P =0.005) were independent risk factors for CRPA infection. There was a statistically significant difference in cumulative survival rate between CRPA colonization group and CRPA infection group ( χ2=14.134, P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the influencing factors of 30-day survival in patients with CRPA infection were agranulocytosis (P =0.022), soft tissue infection (P =0.03), and time of hospitalization before CRPA infection (P =0.041). Cox regression analysis showed that agranulocytosis was an independent risk factor affecting 30-day survival of patients with CRPA infection (HR=3.229, 95%CI :1.093-3.548, P =0.034).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with hematological disorders have high mortality and poor prognosis after CRPA infection. Bloodstream infection and soft tissue infection are the main causes of death. Patients with high suspicion of CRPA infection and high-risk should be treated as soon as possible.


Assuntos
Humanos , Carbapenêmicos/uso terapêutico , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Infecções dos Tecidos Moles/tratamento farmacológico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Hematológicas , Análise de Sobrevida
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 36-48, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-970104

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. With the improvement of clinical therapy, the mortality of acute MI has been significantly reduced. However, as for the long-term impact of MI on cardiac remodeling and cardiac function, there is no effective prevention and treatment measures. Erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein cytokine essential to hematopoiesis, has anti-apoptotic and pro-angiogenetic effects. Studies have shown that EPO plays a protective role in cardiomyocytes in cardiovascular diseases, such as cardiac ischemia injury and heart failure. EPO has been demonstrated to protect ischemic myocardium and improve MI repair by promoting the activation of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs). This study aimed to investigate whether EPO can promote MI repair by enhancing the activity of stem cell antigen 1 positive stem cells (Sca-1+ SCs). Darbepoetin alpha (a long-acting EPO analog, EPOanlg) was injected into the border zone of MI in adult mice. Infarct size, cardiac remodeling and performance, cardiomyocyte apoptosis and microvessel density were measured. Lin- Sca-1+ SCs were isolated from neonatal and adult mouse hearts by magnetic sorting technology, and were used to identify the colony forming ability and the effect of EPO, respectively. The results showed that, compared to MI alone, EPOanlg reduced the infarct percentage, cardiomyocyte apoptosis ratio and left ventricular (LV) chamber dilatation, improved cardiac performance, and increased the numbers of coronary microvessels in vivo. In vitro, EPO increased the proliferation, migration and clone formation of Lin- Sca-1+ SCs likely via the EPO receptor and downstream STAT-5/p38 MAPK signaling pathways. These results suggest that EPO participates in the repair process of MI by activating Sca-1+ SCs.


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Remodelação Ventricular , Eritropoetina , Infarto do Miocárdio , Coração , Células-Tronco
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 809-815, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-985566

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preterm birth subtypes. Methods: Based on the cohort of pregnant women in Anqing Prefectural Hospital, the pregnant women who received prenatal screening in the first or second trimesters were recruited into baseline cohorts; and followed up for them was conducted until delivery, and the information about their pregnancy status and outcomes were obtained through electronic medical record system and questionnaire surveys. The log-binomial regression model was used to explore the association between GDM and preterm birth [iatrogenic preterm birth, spontaneous preterm birth (preterm premature rupture of membranes and preterm labor)]. For multiple confounding factors, the propensity score correction model was used to compute the adjusted association. Results: Among the 2 031 pregnant women with a singleton delivery, the incidence of GDM and preterm birth were 10.0% (204 cases) and 4.4% (90 cases) respectively. The proportions of iatrogenic preterm birth and spontaneous preterm birth in the GDM group (n=204) were 1.5% and 5.9% respectively, while the proportions in non-GDM group (n=1 827) were 0.9% and 3.2% respectively, and the difference in the proportion of spontaneous preterm birth between the two groups was significant (P=0.048). Subtypes of spontaneous preterm were further analyzed, and the results showed that the proportions of preterm premature rupture of membranes and preterm labor in the GDM group were 4.9% and 1.0% respectively, while the proportions in the non-GDM group were 2.1% and 1.1% respectively. It showed that the risk of preterm premature rupture of membranes in GDM pregnant women was 2.34 times (aRR=2.34, 95%CI: 1.16-4.69) higher than that in non-GDM pregnant women. Conclusions: Our results showed that GDM might increase the risk of preterm premature rupture of membranes. No significant increase in the proportion of preterm labor in pregnant women with GDM was found.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Nascimento Prematuro , Diabetes Gestacional , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro , Hospitais , Doença Iatrogênica
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 643-649, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-985540

RESUMO

Measurement bias (MB) has been described in causal structures but is still not entirely clear. In practice, the correctness of substitution estimate (SE) of effect is a prerequisite for causal inference, usually based on a bidirectionally non-differential misclassification between the measured exposure and the measured outcome. Based on a directed acyclic graph (DAG), this paper proposes a structure for the single-variable measure, where its MB is derived from the choice of an imperfect, "input/output device-like" measurement system. The MB of the SE is influenced both by the measurement system itself and by factors outside the measurement system: while the independence or dependence mechanism of the measurement system still ensures that the MB of the SE is bidirectionally non-differential; however, the misclassification can be bidirectionally non-differential, unidirectionally differential, or bidirectionally differential resulted from the factors outside the measurement system. In addition, reverse causality should be defined at the level of measurement, where measured exposures can influence measured outcomes and vice versa. Combined with temporal relationships, DAGs help elucidate MB's structures, mechanisms, and directionality.


Assuntos
Humanos , Fatores de Confusão Epidemiológicos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Viés , Causalidade
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2522-2531, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-999135

RESUMO

MYB transcription factors are involved in the regulation of various secondary metabolites biosynthesis. Gardenia jasminoides Ellis is the commonly used Chinese herbal medicine, and its main active ingredient is geniposide. Here, leaves and flower buds at different developmental stages of G. jasminoides were used to explore MYB transcription factors related to geniposide biosynthesis based on genome and transcriptome analysis. Transcriptome data analysis showed that, different from the expression of the common pathway genes for terpenoid biosynthesis, the expression level of genes in the specific pathway of geniposide biosynthesis was significantly higher in flower buds than in leaves, which was the same as the organ accumulation pattern of this component. And the promoter regions of geraniol synthase, iridoid synthase and geniposidic acid methyltransferase involved in the specific pathway all contained multiple MYB-binding sites. A total of 105 MYB transcription factors were obtained by annotating the coding genes of G. jasminoides, which were divided into 68 1R-MYB, 33 R2R3-MYB, 3 3R-MYB and 1 atypical MYB transcription factor according to the number of conserved domain. Based on the analysis of phylogenetic tree and quantitative real-time PCR, three candidate MYB transcription factors related to geniposide biosynthesis were selected, including potential positive regulation factor GjMYB23 and negative regulation factors GjMYB31 and GjMYB73. The results of this study will lay a foundation for searching the regulation of geniposide biosynthesis and further analysis of the quality formation mechanism of G. jasminoides, so as to promote the breeding of excellent varieties of G. jasminoides.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 54-59, 2023.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-992941

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the value of gray value (GV) measurement of subtraction images in contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) in the differential diagnosis of breast benign and malignant calcification.Methods:This was a retrospective study. A total of 95 patients received CESM only with mammographic calcifications without any associated mass or distortions from March 2017 to July 2021 in Peking University Cancer Hospital were enrolled. The patients were all female with an average age of 34-76(48±7) years. The craniocaudal (CC) projection of bilateral breasts was obtained prior to the mediolateral-oblique (MLO) projection. Two radiologists were asked to independently review the images to diagnose the calcification as either benign or malignant based on the presence of enhancement on subtracted imaging. GV of the calcification and background parenchyma including breast parenchyma tissue, the pectoralis major muscle and subcutaneous fatty tissue were measured by another two radiologists. The difference of lesion to background parenchyma GV (D GV) and lesion to background parenchyma gray value ratio (DR GV) were calculated. The consistency of observers was compared using the Kappa statistic. The stability of GV was evaluated with coefficient of variation. Differences of GV, D GV and DR GV between benign and malignant calcification were compared using t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to analyze the efficacy of GV in differentiating benign from malignant calcification. Comparisons between diagnostic efficacies were performed using χ 2 tests. Results:Totally 97 calcification (35 malignant and 62 benign) from 95 patients were enrolled. The consistency and stability of GV values on MLO and CC projections measured by two physicians were high. The GV, D GV and DR GV of malignant calcification were significantly higher than those of the benign lesions ( P<0.05). The area under the ROC curve for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant calcification by GV in the MLO and CC positions was 0.799 and 0.843, respectively. Threshold of calcified area GV=2015.5 in CC position, its diagnostic accuracy was 76.8%, which was similar to the subjective diagnosis of radiologists (82.1%, 78/95, P>0.05). Conclusion:Quantitative GV on subtracted imaging of CESM can differentiate benign from malignant breast calcification, especially on craniocaudal projection.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-989196

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the effect of insular involvement on the outcomes of patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, Nanjing Jinling Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Nanjing University from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively included. Demographic data, vascular risk factors, clinical and laboratory data, as well as treatment and outcomes were collected. Firstly, the correlation between the insular involvement and the outcomes was investigated, and then the bootstrap method was used to clarify the mediating role of infarct volume between the insular involvement and the poor outcomes.Results:A total of 450 patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke were enrolled, among whom 79 cases (17.6%) had insular involvement and 41 (9.1%) had left insular involvement. There were 111 (24.7%) with poor outcomes, including 5 (1.1%) died. Compared to the non-insular involvement group, the insular involvement group had a higher proportion of patients with atrial fibrillation, shorter onset to door time, higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission, larger infarct volume, and higher proportion of patients with poor outcomes (all P<0.05). In addition, patients with left insular involvement were younger than those with right insular involvement, had a higher baseline NIHSS score, a lower proportion of patients with minor stroke (NIHSS score ≤8), and had a longer onset to door time (all P<0.05). Compared to the good outcome group, the poor outcome group was older, with a higher proportion of female patients, higher systolic blood pressure, blood glucose, NLR, and NIHSS scores at admission, larger infarct volume, and a higher proportion of patients with insular involvement (all P<0.05). Mediation analysis suggested that the mediating effect of infarct volume between the insular involvement and the poor outcomes was significant (95% confidence interval 0.033-0.230; P=0.008). Conclusions:insular involvement in patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke is associated with the poor outcomes, and this association may be mediated by infarct volume. Patients with left insular involvement may have more severe symptoms than those with right insular involvement, but there is no significant difference in the outcomes.

11.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 42(6): 892-899, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378046

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-coactivator-1α/nuclear respiratory factor 1 (PGC-1α/NRF1) activity can protect mitochondrial function in the setting of cardiac hypertrophy and improve cardiomyocyte energy metabolism. METHODS: Cardiac hypertrophy was modeled in H9c2 cells treated with isoproterenol (ISO) to assess the effects of Shenge San (, SGS) on cell viability and mitochondrial membrane potential. We assessed mitochondrial complex mRNA levels and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation factor mRNA and protein levels. RESULTS: Compared with the 100 µM ISO group, cell size was significantly decreased in the 0.3 mg/mL SGS and 20 µM ZLN005 (PGC-1α activator) groups ( < 0.01). Compared with the SGS (0.3) +ISO group, we observed lower phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated kinase (AMPK) protein levels in the ISO and ZLN005+SGS+ISO groups ( < 0.01). Compared with the compound C group, SGS significantly increased PGC-1α expression in ISO-induced cardiac hypertrophy cells ( < 0.01), and this was inhibited by compound C pretreatment ( < 0.05). Compared with the ISO group, the mitochondrial red-green fluorescence ratio increased in the 0.3 mg/mL SGS group ( < 0.05). mRNA levels of cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) in the ISO and compound C groups were lower than those in control group ( 0.01), and the mRNA levels of CO1 and ATP8 were significantly lower in the ISO and compound C groups versus control ( 0.01). Compared with the SGS (0.3) +ISO group, ATP synthetase subunit 8 (ATP8) mRNA was significantly decreased in the ISO group ( < 0.01) and compound C+SGS+ISO group ( < 0.05). Compared with the SGS (0.3) +ISO group, NRF1 mRNA levels were significantly decreased ( < 0.05) in the ISO and compound C+SGS+ISO groups. CONCLUSIONS: SGS can attenuate ISO-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, restore the decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential, and upregulate PGC-1α/NRF1 levels. Notably, these effects can be blocked by AMPK inhibitor-compound C.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Miócitos Cardíacos , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Mitocôndrias , Isoproterenol/efeitos adversos , Isoproterenol/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
12.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 42(6): 1006-1011, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the tongue and pulse manifestations in asymptomatic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases in Shanghai. METHODS: We conducted a clinical study of 668 patients with asymptomatic infections in which we analyzed the tongue and pulse features in the Shanghai New International Expo Center mobile cabin hospital. The medical records of the patients, including tongue color, tongue coating, and pulse manifestations, were reviewed by healthcare workers. RESULTS: In total, 668 COVID-19 cases were included in the study. Patient age ranged from 5 to 96 years, with a median of 44.0 (IQR 33.0-53.0) years. Among the patients, 6.14% had comorbidities. The most common comorbid condition was diabetes (1.65%), followed by hypertension (0.89%), coronary heart disease (0.89%), thrombotic diseases (0.89%), congestive heart failure (0.60%), and stroke (0.45%). Pink-red (75.4%) was the most common tongue color, followed by red (23.4%) and pale red (1.2%). Tongue coating color and thickness were classified as white fur (9.28%), thin and yellow fur (48.65%), white greasy fur (8.98%), yellow greasy fur (24.70%), and less coating (8.39%). In addition, a large number of patients ( 300, 44.91%) presented superficial and rapid pulses, and 250 patients (37.4%) exhibited a slippery pulse. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary results showed that wind, heat, and dampness were the main etiologies of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 Omicron (B.1.1.529) variant infection in traditional Chinese medicine. Furthermore, the main symptoms of the disease may be wind-heat invading the lung syndrome or damp-heat with the exuberance of virulence syndrome, which is of most significance in COVID-19 treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Língua , Tratamento Farmacológico da COVID-19
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 716-721, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-935449

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the incidence of dengue fever and E gene evolution of dengue virus in Guangzhou in 2020 and understand the local epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever and spreading of dengue virus. Methods: The information of dengue fever cases in Guangzhou in 2020 was collected from Notifiable Infectious Disease System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention Information System. Serum samples from the cases were detected by real-time PCR. The E gene was sequenced and analyzed. Maximum likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed using software MEGA 5.05. The statistical analysis was conducted using software SPSS 20.0. Results: A total of 33 dengue fever cases were reported in Guangzhou in 2020, including 31 (93.94%) imported cases and 2 (6.06%) local cases. Compared with the data during 2016 to 2019, the number of cases, overall incidence and local incidence all decreased with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). The imported cases from Southeast Asia constituted 90.32% (28/31) of imported cases. The E gene sequences and the phylogenetic trees of imported and local cases demonstrated close relationship with the virus sequences from Southeast Asian, and they were less homologous with the sequences of dengue virus isolated in Guangzhou in previous years. Conclusions: The incidence of dengue in Guangzhou in 2020 was significantly affected by the imported cases, especially those from Southeast Asian countries. The study result demonstrated that dengue fever was not endemic in Guangzhou and it was caused by imported ones.


Assuntos
Humanos , China/epidemiologia , Dengue/epidemiologia , Vírus da Dengue/genética , Surtos de Doenças , Evolução Molecular , Genótipo , Filogenia
14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 449-453, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-955989

RESUMO

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients infected with novel coronavirus Omicron variant in Shanghai, as to provide a reference for epidemic prevention, clinical diagnosis, and treatment.Methods:Altogether 4 264 novel coronavirus Omicron variant-infected patients with positive results of nucleic acid admitted to Shanghai New International Expo Center N3 Mobile Cabin Hospital from April 2 to May 7, 2022, were included. The demographic and baseline clinical characteristics, treatment strategy, prognosis, and different factors affecting the length of hospital stay were analyzed.Results:A total of 4 264 novel coronavirus variant Omicron-infected cases were collected, including 3 111 cases (73.0%) asymptomatic infections and 1 153 cases (27.0%) mild infections. The overall median age was 45 (33, 55) years old with a range from 2 years old to 81 years old. The male to female ratio was 1.37∶1. Altogether 3 305 cases (77.5%) had been vaccinated, of which 3 166 cases completed more than 2 doses. The upper respiratory tract symptoms such as cough and expectoration were the most common clinical manifestations of these infected patients. During the course of the disease, patients with asymptomatic infection were mainly treated with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, 55.1%) and clinical observation (36.8%), and those with mild infection were mainly treated with TCM (42.2%) or integrated Chinese and Western medicine (30.4%). All patients were cured and discharged. The overall median length of hospital stay and the negative conversion time of nucleic acid were 9 (6, 10) days and 8 (5, 9) days, respectively. Compared with the asymptomatic infected patients, the hospitalization duration and the nucleic acid negative conversion time of the mildly infected patients were slightly longer [days: 10 (8, 11) vs. 9 (5, 10); 8 (6, 10) vs. 7 (4, 9), both P < 0.001]. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the increasing age and mild infection were associated with longer hospitalization duration, and the treatment of TCM or integrated Chinese and Western medicine was associated with shortened length of hospital stay (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The current novel coronavirus Omicron variant epidemic in Shanghai mainly caused asymptomatic and mild infections. The young and middle-aged population had a relatively high infection rate. The upper respiratory tract symptoms such as cough and expectoration were the most common clinical symptoms. Elderly and confirmed patients had prolonged hospitalization duration, while for patients receiving TCM treatment, the hospitalization duration was shortened.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1015818

RESUMO

Synaptotagmin 1 (Sytl) is a member of the Synaptotagmin family and plays a role in neurotransmitter vesicle transport and exoeytosis. It has been reported that Sytl appears to be expressed in the intestinal epithelium, but the biological function of Sytl in colitis remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Sytl in the inflammatory response and intestinal epithelial regeneration in colitis using Sytl transgenic mice and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis mode. qRT-PCR and Western blotting were employed to analyze the dynamic changes of Sytl in colitis. H&E staining, immunostaining and Western blotting were used to explore the roles of Sytl in the inflammatory response and in the regeneration and repair of intestinal epithelium in colitis. The results showed that the expression level of Sytl was indeed high in the colonic epithelium of wild-type mice and the intestinal epithelial cells of the adjacent tissues of colorectal cancer patients. Consistently, DSS-induced inflammation progressively resulted in marked upregulation of Sytl in the colon (P<0.01). In DSS-induced colitis, both the body weight loss and colonic shortening were dampened in Sytl loss-of-function mice compared with the control group (P < 0.05), while the number of regenerated crypts and Ki67 proliferating cells were also increased (P<0.01). Additionally, there were less infiltration of CD45 immune cells and F 4/80 macrophages and the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNFα and I L l-β, which were related with the severity of inflammation in the inflammatory bowel disease (I B D), were significantly decreased after Sytl deletion (P<0.05). Immunohistochemistry staining and Western blotting results further showed that IL-6 and p-STAT3 was significantly downregulated in Sytl knockdown mice (P<0.05). Taken together, these results suggested that knocking-down of Sytl may improve colitis by inhibiting the IL6/STAT3 signaling pathway.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-907722

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the predictive value of Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (RDW) in predicting the prognosis of patients with Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO).Methods:The clinical data of patients undergoing ECMO admitted to Intensive Care Unit of Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital from January 2015 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into the survival group and death group according to the prognosis during ICU hospitalization. The patients' basic data , acute physiology and chronic health score system Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ), RDW and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) at 72 hours after treatment with ECMO were compared between the two groups. Univariate and Logistic regression multivariate analyses were used to analyze the prognostic factors of patients with ECMO, predictive models and death warning scores were established. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of RDW and death warning scores for the prognosis of patients with ECMO.Results:A total of 71 patients with ECMO who met the inclusion criteria were included, including 38 patients in the death group and 33 patients in the survival group. The age, APACHE-Ⅱscore, 72 h RDW and 72 h APTT in the death group were higher than those in the survival group. Respectively, the hospitalization time of ICU in the death group was significantly lower than that in the survival group ( P< 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHE-Ⅱscore ( OR=1.117, P=0.047)、72 h RDW( OR=1.102, P=0.029) and 72 h APTT ( OR=1.049, P=0.029) were independent risk factors for death in patients with ECMO. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of the APACHE-Ⅱ, score 、72 h RDW and 72 h APTT were 0.691, 0.691 and 0.632( P<0.05), Respectively, the combined AUC was 0.764, the sensitivity was 0.526, and the specificity was 0.909. The death warning score of patients with ECMO was established according to the Predictive model , which is less than 2 points with low risk of death and more than 2 points with high risk of death. The area under the ROC curve of death warning score is 0.8, the sensitivity is 0.607 and the specificity is 0.923. Conclusions:The RDW at 72 hours after treatment with ECMO has a good value in predicting the prognosis of patients with ECMO. Besides, a greater predictive value for the prognosis of patients with ECMO by combining 72 hours RDW, 72 hours APTT with APACHE-Ⅱscore than that of any separate indicator.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-884813

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the distribution of 99Tc m-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) at different stages of bone injury repair. Methods:A total of 30 rabbit models of femur injury were established by the method of electric drill and perforation of femur. According to the different stages of bone injury repair (at 1, 2 and 3 week), rabbits were divided into group A, B and C ( n=10 each group). Femoral SPECT/CT imaging was performed on the last day of different stages of bone injury repair to obtain radioactivity counts in the region of interest (ROI) on the test side and control side and to calculate target/background ratio (T/B). The light intensity of 3 groups was analyzed by phosphor screen imaging and the distribution of 99Tc m-MDP in bone cells was observed by autoradiography. One-way analysis of variance and paired t test were used to analyze the data. Results:The T/B values of group A, B and C were 1.16±0.14, 1.39±0.23 and 1.18±0.10, respectively ( F=5.83, P<0.01). There were significant differences of the maximum radiation count between the test side (50.00±12.45, 59.50±12.83 and 55.10±9.26) and the control side (43.20±9.57, 50.00±12.30 and 44.30± 6.50) in group A, B and C ( t values: 3.24, 2.28 and 5.77, all P<0.05). There were significant differences in the light intensity of bone specimens in group A, B and C by phosphor screen imaging (37 324.67±6 481.50, 60 950.33±9 781.72 and 43 905.00±4 957.92; F=8.25, P=0.02). 99Tc m-MDP were deposited in both intracellular and extracellular during different stages of bone repair in osteocytes and osteoblasts under autoradiography. Conclusion:At different stages of bone injury repair, the concentration of 99Tc m-MDP is significantly distributed, suggesting that there are other ways of concentration mechanism of 99Tc m-MDP in bone tissue besides the chemical adsorption with hydroxyapatite.

18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-921817

RESUMO

Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules are composed of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix, Codonopsis Radix, Dendrobii Caulis, Astragali Radix, Scrophulariae Radix, and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, and are effective in promoting blood circulation, removing blood stasis, supplementing Qi, and nourishing Yin. It is widely used in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases. With 40 years of clinical application, it has accumulated substantial research data and application experience. Its good clinical efficacy and pharmacoeconomic benefits in improving the clinical symptoms of peripheral vascular diseases have been confirmed by relevant research. Meanwhile, this drug has also been recommended by many expert consensus, guidelines, and teaching materials, serving as one of the most commonly used Chinese patent medicines in clinical practice. To further improve the understanding of the drug among clinicians and properly guide its clinical medication, the China Association of Chinese Medicine took the lead and organized experts to jointly formulate this expert consensus. Based on the questionnaire survey of clinicians and the systematic review of research literature on Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules with clinical problems in the PICO framework, the consensus, combined with expert experience, concludes recommendations or consensus suggestions by GRADE system with the optimal evidence available through the nominal group technique. This consensus defines the indications, usage, dosage, course of treatment, medication time, combined medication, and precautions of Tongsaimai Tablets/Capsules in the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases, and explains the safety of its clinical application. It is recommended for clinicians and pharmacists in the peripheral vascular department(vascular surgery), traditional Chinese medicine surgery(general surgery), and endocrinology department of hospitals at all levels in China.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cápsulas , Consenso , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas , Comprimidos
19.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-906232

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang in improving liver lipid deposition in ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> atherosclerotic (AS) mice by affecting long noncoding RNA-HC (Lnc-HC)/microRNA-130b (miR-130b) in the regulation of cholesterol metabolism. Method:Totolly 10 C57BL/6J mice were selected as normal controls, and 30 healthy ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice fed with high fat diet for 12 weeks were then randomly divided into the model group, Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group(19.12 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>) and simvastatin group(2.275 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>), with gavage administration for 4 weeks. The serum lipid level of mice was detected by automatic biochemistry analyzer, and the histopathological changes of liver cells were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect expression of long noncoding RNA-HC, and miR-130b. Real-time PCR and Western blot assay were used to detect gene and protein expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR<italic>γ</italic>), liver X receptor (LXR), ATP-binding cassette transporters A1 (ABCA1), ATP-binding cassette transporters G1 (ABCG1), ATP-binding cassette transporters G5 (ABCG5), and ATP-binding cassette transporters G8 (ABCG8). Result:Compared with the normal control group, the mice in the model group showed abnormal blood lipids, larger liver cells, obvious fat vacuoles, significantly increased expression of Lnc-HC, miR-130b in liver, and significantly decreased gene and protein expression of PPAR<italic>γ</italic>, LXR, ABCA1, ABCG1, ABCG5, and ABCG8 in mice liver (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the abnormal blood lipid levels of the mice in the Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group and the simvastatin group were improved, and the number of fatty vacuoles of liver cells was significantly reduced, the expression of liver Lnc-HC, miR-130b in Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), the gene and protein levels of liver PPAR<italic>γ</italic>, ABCA1, ABCG1, ABCG5, ABCG8 in mice of the Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group and the simvastatin group showed an upward trend. Among them, the gene and protein expression of LXR protein in the liver of the Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang group was significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Xiangsha Liujunzi Tang may improve the lipid deposition in the liver of ApoE<sup>-/- </sup>AS mice by affecting Lnc-HC/miR-130b to regulate the cholesterol metabolism process mediated by PPAR<italic>γ</italic>, thus playing a role in preventing and treating AS.

20.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-20030395

RESUMO

BackgroundSince mid-December 2019, a cluster of pneumonia-like diseases caused by a novel coronavirus, now designated COVID-19 by the WHO, emerged in Wuhan city and rapidly spread throughout China. Here we identify the clinical characteristics of COVID-19 in a cohort of patients in Shanghai. MethodsCases were confirmed by real-time RT-PCR and were analysed for demographic, clinical, laboratory and radiological features. ResultsOf 198 patients, the median duration from disease onset to hospital admission was 4 days. The mean age of the patients was 50.1 years, and 51.0% patients were male. The most common symptom was fever. Less than half of the patients presented with respiratory systems including cough, sputum production, itchy or sore throat, shortness of breath, and chest congestion. 5.6% patients had diarrhoea. On admission, T lymphocytes were decreased in 45.8% patients. Ground glass opacity was the most common radiological finding on chest computed tomography. 9.6% were admitted to the ICU because of the development of organ dysfunction. Compared with patients not treated in ICU, patients treated in the ICU were older, had longer waiting time to admission, fever over 38.5{degrees} C, dyspnoea, reduced T lymphocytes, elevated neutrophils and organ failure. ConclusionsIn this single centre cohort of COVID-19 patients, the most common symptom was fever, and the most common laboratory abnormality was decreased blood T cell counts. Older age, male, fever over 38.5{degrees}C, symptoms of dyspnoea, and underlying comorbidity, were the risk factors most associated with severity of disease.

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