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1.
Org Lett ; 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207306

RESUMO

Here we report a method for the site-selective intermolecular C(sp3)-H amination of carboxamides by merging transition-metal catalysis and the hydrogen atom transfer strategy. The reaction proceeds through a sequence of favorable single-electron transfer, 1,5-hydrogen atom transfer, and C-N cross-coupling steps, thus allowing access to a series of desired products. This reaction could accommodate a wide diversity of nitrogen nucleophiles as well as demonstrate excellent chemoselectivity and functional group compatibility.

2.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32189339

RESUMO

Imatinib mesylate (IM) resistance has become a major clinical problem for chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). It is known that Bcl-x splicing is deregulated and is involved in multiple malignant cancer initiation and chemotherapy resistance, including CML. The aim of the present study was to correct the abnormal splicing of Bcl-x in CML and investigate the subsequent malignant phenotype changes, especially response to IM. The aberrant Bcl-x splicing in CML cells was effectively restored using vivo-Morpholino Antisense Oligomer (vMO). CCK-8 cell viability assay and flow cytometry showed that restoring of Bcl-x splicing increases IM-induced growth inhibition and apoptosis of K562 cells. Moreover, a more significant similar phenomenon was observed in imatinib-resistant CML cell lines K562/G01. Finally, establishment of CML xenograft model had also proved that correcting Bcl-x splicing in vivo can also enhance the anti-tumor effect of IM. Our findings suggest that vMO co-operating with IM can effectively increase the sensitivity of CML cells to IM both in vitro and in vivo, and Bcl-x splicing could become good candidates for chemotherapy-sensitized target in IM-resistant CML.

3.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 521(3): 584-589, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677790

RESUMO

A failure of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) to adhere to hematopoietic cells is an essential cause of the progression of chronic myelogenous leukemia and is also a cause of failure of bone marrow (BM) transplantation, but the exact mechanisms of this have not been fully elucidated. Recent studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are contained in leukemia-derived exosomes and are involved in modulating the BM microenvironment. In this study, we found that K562 cell-derived exosomes transfer miR-711 to BM-MSCs and suppress the adhesive function of BM-MSCs. Using qRT-PCR, we also confirmed a significantly higher level of miR-711 in exosomes derived from K562 cells than in exosomes derived from parental cells. The BM-MSCs co-cultured with exosomes derived from K562 cells showed a lower adhesion rate than did controls. We further demonstrated that exosomal transfer of miR-711 induced decreased adhesive abilities by inhibiting expression of adhesion molecule CD44 in BM-MSCs. In conclusion, our study reveals that K562 cell-derived exosomal miR-711 can be transferred to BM-MSCs and weaken adhesive abilities by silencing the expression of the adhesion molecule CD44.

5.
J Med Food ; 22(10): 1000-1008, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460816

RESUMO

Lactoferrin (LF) is a multifunctional glycoprotein and has beneficial effects on the regulation of lipid metabolism. However, whether LF supplementation alleviates the development of atherosclerosis (AS) remains unclear. In the present study, all of 48 male Apolipoprotein E-/- mice were fed with high-fat diet with 1.25% added cholesterol and divided to four treatment groups with either distilled water (HFCD), LF solutions at 2 mg/mL (low LF), 10 mg/mL (middle LF or MLF), or 20 mg/mL (high LF or HLF) for 12 weeks. Oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) were performed at weeks 0, 4, 8, and 12. At the end of the experiment, lipids in serum, liver, and feces were determined. The livers, whole aortas, and aortic sinuses were pathologically examined. The protein expression of factors related to cholesterol synthesis, absorption, and excretion were detected through western blot. No significant difference in body weight, food intake, and OGTT was observed among the four groups. Compared with the HFCD group, the MLF and HLF groups had significantly decreased serum and hepatic cholesterol levels and significantly increased fecal cholesterol contents. LF alleviated the hepatic steatosis and lipid droplet, especially in the MLF group. LF also significantly decreased the average lesion areas in the whole aorta, especially in the MLF group. On the other hand, LF downregulated hepatic protein expression of HMG-CoA reductase (the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol synthesis) and upregulated cholesterol 7-alpha hydroxylase (the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid synthesis from cholesterol). LF also downregulated the intestinal expression of Niemann-Pick C1-like 1 protein, which is known to bind to a critical mediator of cholesterol absorption. In conclusion, LF supplementation alleviates the AS in mice on HFCD likely by reducing the synthesis and absorption of cholesterol and increasing cholesterol excretion.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Colesterol/sangue , Lactoferrina/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta/patologia , Colesterol 7-alfa-Hidroxilase/metabolismo , Colesterol na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Fígado Gorduroso/fisiopatologia , Homeostase , Intestino Delgado/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout para ApoE
6.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226756

RESUMO

Local administration of platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PGDF-BB) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in a sequential release manner could substantially promote bone healing. To achieve this goal, a delivery system that could sustain the release of PGDF-BB and BMP-2 by way of temporal separation was developed. One type of PGDF-BB-encapsulated alginate microsphere and another type of BMP-2-encapsulated microsphere with a core-shell structure were respectively produced using emulsification methods. These two types of microspheres were then embedded into chitosan/glycerophosphate hydrogel for constructing composite gels. Some of them were found to be injectable at ambient temperature and had thermo-sensitive features near physiological temperature and pH. The optimally formulated composite gels showed the ability to control the release of PGDF-BB and BMP-2 in a sequential fashion in which PDGF-BB was released earlier than BMP-2. In vitro release patterns indicated that the release rates could be significantly regulated by varying the embedded amount of the factor-encapsulated microspheres, which can in turn mediate the temporal separation release interval between PGDF-BB and BMP-2. The released PDGF-BB and BMP-2 were detected to be bioactive based on their respective effects on Balb/c 3T3 and C2C12 cells. These results suggest that the presently developed composite gels have the potential for bone repair by synergistically utilizing the early chemotactic effect of PDGF-BB and the subsequent osteogenic and angiogenic functions of PDGF-BB and BMP-2.


Assuntos
Becaplermina/administração & dosagem , Quitosana/química , Hidrogéis/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-sis/administração & dosagem , Alginatos/química , Animais , Células 3T3 BALB , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Camundongos , Microesferas , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecidos Suporte
7.
Biochemistry ; 58(27): 2978-2986, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199122

RESUMO

Salinomycin with antibacterial and anticoccidial activities is a commercial polyether polyketide widely used in animal husbandry as a food additive. Malonyl-CoA (MCoA), methylmalonyl-CoA (MMCoA), and ethylmalonyl-CoA (EMCoA) are used as extension units in its biosynthesis. To understand how the salinomycin modular polyketide synthase (PKS) strictly discriminates among these extension units, the acyltransferase (AT) domains selecting MCoA, MMCoA, and EMCoA were structurally characterized. Molecular dynamics simulations of the AT structures helped to reveal the key interactions involved in enzyme-substrate recognitions, which enabled the engineering of AT mutants with switched specificity. The catalytic efficiencies ( kcat/ Km) of these AT mutants are comparable with those of the wild-type AT domains. These results set the stage for engineering the AT substrate specificity of modular PKSs.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2375, 2019 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147543

RESUMO

Human antigen R (HuR) is a member of the Hu family of RNA-binding proteins and is involved in many physiological processes. Obesity, as a worldwide healthcare problem, has attracted more and more attention. To investigate the role of adipose HuR, we generate adipose-specific HuR knockout (HuRAKO) mice. As compared with control mice, HuRAKO mice show obesity when induced with a high-fat diet, along with insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, hypercholesterolemia and increased inflammation in adipose tissue. The obesity of HuRAKO mice is attributed to adipocyte hypertrophy in white adipose tissue due to decreased expression of adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL). HuR positively regulates ATGL expression by promoting the mRNA stability and translation of ATGL. Consistently, the expression of HuR in adipose tissue is reduced in obese humans. This study suggests that adipose HuR may be a critical regulator of ATGL expression and lipolysis and thereby controls obesity and metabolic syndrome.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Branco/metabolismo , Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/genética , Intolerância à Glucose/genética , Hipercolesterolemia/genética , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Lipase/genética , Obesidade/genética , Adipócitos/patologia , Tecido Adiposo/imunologia , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Branco/imunologia , Animais , Crescimento Celular , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Proteína Semelhante a ELAV 1/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Intolerância à Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/metabolismo , Hipertrofia , Inflamação/imunologia , Lipase/metabolismo , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Obesidade/metabolismo , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Estabilidade de RNA/genética , Gordura Subcutânea/metabolismo
9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(27): 13480-13489, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127044

RESUMO

IgA is the most abundantly produced antibody in the body and plays a crucial role in gut homeostasis and mucosal immunity. IgA forms a dimer that covalently associates with the joining (J) chain, which is essential for IgA transport into the mucosa. Here, we demonstrate that the marginal zone B and B-1 cell-specific protein (MZB1) interacts with IgA through the α-heavy-chain tailpiece dependent on the penultimate cysteine residue and prevents the intracellular degradation of α-light-chain complexes. Moreover, MZB1 promotes J-chain binding to IgA and the secretion of dimeric IgA. MZB1-deficient mice are impaired in secreting large amounts of IgA into the gut in response to acute inflammation and develop severe colitis. Oral administration of a monoclonal IgA significantly ameliorated the colitis, accompanied by normalization of the gut microbiota composition. The present study identifies a molecular chaperone that promotes J-chain binding to IgA and reveals an important mechanism that controls the quantity, quality, and function of IgA.

10.
Pharmaceutics ; 11(5)2019 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060227

RESUMO

Chitosan(CH)-poly(dioxanone) (CH-PDO) copolymers containing varied amounts of PDO and having free amino groups at their CH backbone were synthesized using a group protection method. The selected CH-PDO with soluble characteristics in aqueous media was used together with hyaluronic acid (HA) to prepare HA/CH-PDO polyelectrolyte complex nanoparticles (NPs) via an ionotropic gelation technique, and such a type of HA/CH-PDO NPs was employed as a carrier for delivering bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). The optimal BMP-2-encapsulated HA/CH-PDO NPs with high encapsulation efficiency were embedded into CH/glycerophosphate composite solutions to form different hydrogels in order to achieve long-term BMP-2 release. The formulated gels were found to be injectable at room temperature and had its thermosensitive phase transition near physiological temperature and pH. They also showed abilities to administer the release of BMP-2 in approximately linear manners for a few weeks while effectively preserving the bioactivity of the encapsulated BMP-2. In view of their fully biocompatible and biodegradable components, the presently developed gel systems have promising potential for translation to the clinic use in bone repair and regeneration where the sustained and controlled stimuli from active signaling molecules and the stable biomechanical framework for housing the recruited cells are often concurrently needed.

11.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 130: 131-139, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935996

RESUMO

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a life-threatening vascular disease without an effective pharmaceutical treatment. Liver kinase B1 (LKB1), a tumor suppressor, is a central regulator of cell polarity and energy homeostasis. However, the role of LKB1 in the development of AAA has not been explored. In this study, mice with knockout of smooth muscle-specific LKB1 (LKB1SMKO) were generated by cross-breeding LKB1flox/flox mice with SM22-CreERT2 transgenic mice and induced in adult mice by tamoxifen treatment. LKB1 deficiency increased the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), which was inhibited by LKB1 overexpression. Mechanistically, LKB1 could bind to the MMP-2 transcription factor, specificity protein 1 (Sp1), thereby reducing the binding of Sp1 to the MMP-2 promoter to inhibit MMP-2 expression. LKB1 expression was significantly reduced in abdominal aortas of the mouse AAA model. Moreover, smooth muscle-specific LKB1 deletion exaggerated angiotensin II-induced AAA formation accompanied by increased AAA incidence and aortic expansion. Finally, LKB1 level was significantly lower and MMP-2 level higher in human AAA samples than adjacent nonaneurysmal aortic sections. Thus, these results suggest that LKB1 may play a protective role in AAA formation by inhibiting MMP-2 expression and could be a potential therapeutic target for AAA disease.

12.
Eur J Immunol ; 49(6): 911-917, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30888050

RESUMO

The BCR plays a central role in B cell development, survival, activation, and differentiation. We have identified the B cell novel protein 1 (BCNP1) as a new regulator of BCR signaling. BCNP1 contains a pleckstrin homology domain, three proline-rich motifs, and a potential SH2 binding site, and is predominantly expressed by B cells. We found that BCNP1 overexpression in WEHI231 immature B cells potentiated α-IgM-induced apoptosis. Conversely, BCNP1-deficient WEHI231 cells, generated by CRISPR-Cas9-mediated genome editing, exhibited reduced apoptosis after BCR crosslinking. Biochemical analyses revealed that BCNP1 physically interacted with the B cell linker protein (BLNK), Grb2, and PLCγ2. Moreover, absence of BCNP1 resulted in accelerated dephosphorylation of BLNK, reduced phosphorylation of SYK and PLCγ2, and decreased Ca2+ influx after BCR crosslinking. These results demonstrate that BCNP1 promotes BCR signaling by modulating the phosphorylation of BLNK, SYK, and PLCγ2.

13.
Future Oncol ; 15(1): 13-22, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30139267

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate prognostic value of preoperative inflammatory biomarkers in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PATIENTS & METHODS: Preoperative circulating fibrinogen, prealbumin, fibrinogen to prealbumin ratio (FPR), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, derived neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, lymphocyte to monocyte ratio, platelet to lymphocyte ratio were detected and calculated in 230 HCC patients. X-tile software, Kaplan-Meier curve, Cox regression, time-dependent receiver-operating characteristic were used to explored prognostic roles of them in HCC. RESULTS: Multivariate Cox regression showed that high FPR was significantly associated with decreased recurrence-free survival (p = 0.034) and overall survival (p < 0.001) within HCC patients. FPR generated the largest area under curve of time-dependent receiver-operating characteristic comparing to the other biomarkers. Overall survival of HCC patients receiving chemotherapy was superior to the cases without receiving chemotherapy only in high FPR subgroup (p = 0.028). CONCLUSION: Preoperative FPR was superior to other biomarkers to independently predict survival of HCC patients, and it could identify the patients who could benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Fibrinogênio/análise , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Pré-Albumina/análise , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/citologia , Neutrófilos/citologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Int J STD AIDS ; 30(4): 353-361, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486763

RESUMO

With the objective of investigating the characteristics influencing high-risk sexual behaviours in elderly men (60-74 years of age) in Chongqing, China, a total of 1433 healthy elderly men with sexual intercourse frequencies of one to six times/month who were willing to participate in the questionnaires were studied at four hospitals. We measured serum testosterone levels and performed follow-ups every six months, with a total of 1128 elderly men followed up after two years. We also investigated socio-economic and demographic characteristics (age, education, income, location, marital status and number of marriages), types of sexual partners, age differences with fixed sexual partners, frequency of sexual intercourse, combined basic age-related diseases, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) education, elderly self-care ability and high-risk sexual behaviours (frequency of sexual intercourse and number of sexual partners) using questionnaires. We analysed the influencing factors of high-risk sexual behaviours in elderly men using a univariate analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, BP neural network prediction and cluster analysis. Finally, we found that serum total testosterone, age, types of sexual partners, age differences with fixed partners and frequency of sexual intercourse are five factors that influence high-risk sexual behaviours in elderly men.


Assuntos
Assunção de Riscos , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Parceiros Sexuais , Testosterona/sangue , Sexo sem Proteção/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Coito , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Mol Immunol ; 105: 173-180, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30529036

RESUMO

CD40 ligand (CD40 L) expressed by activated T cells interacts with CD40 on B cells and triggers B cell survival, proliferation and differentiation. Deficiency in CD40 L or CD40 in humans causes hyper IgM syndrome due to a defect in T-B interaction that is essential for Ig gene class switch recombination (CSR). CD40 L belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family and normally forms a homotrimer on the cell surface, which is important for its biological activity. To generate a multimeric CD40 L that can be used to stimulate both mouse and human B cells, we fused the extracellular domain of mouse CD40 L, which is known to also bind human CD40, with streptavidin (SA) that forms a stable tetramer under physiological conditions. As expected, 293 T cells transiently transfected with an SA-CD40 L expression vector secreted tetrameric SA-CD40 L in the culture supernatant. The secreted SA-CD40 L exhibited > 25-fold stronger activities in inducing the survival, activation and proliferation of both mouse and human primary B cells than did an agonistic anti-mouse or anti-human CD40 antibody. In the presence of IL-4, SA-CD40 L also induced efficient CSR and plasma cell differentiation in both mouse and human B cells. Moreover, administration of SA-CD40 L in mice induced activation and proliferation of spleen B cells in vivo. These results demonstrate that the SA-CD40 L fusion protein generated in the present study recapitulates the function of membrane-bound trimeric CD40 L and has potent biological activities in both mouse and human primary B cells.


Assuntos
Ligante de CD40/farmacologia , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasmócitos/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Animais , Antígenos CD40/imunologia , Ligante de CD40/genética , Ligante de CD40/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência com Hiper-IgM/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência com Hiper-IgM/genética , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência com Hiper-IgM/imunologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência com Hiper-IgM/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Plasmócitos/patologia , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/imunologia
16.
Pharmaceutics ; 10(4)2018 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453642

RESUMO

Chitosan(CH)-polylactide(PLA) copolymers containing varied PLA percentages were synthesized using a group-protection method and one of them with solubility in water-based solvents was used to prepare CH-PLA/hyaluronic acid (HA) complex microspheres for the delivery of transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1). An emulsification processing method was developed for producing TGF-ß1-loaded CH-PLA/HA microspheres using sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) as ionic crosslinker and the size of the microspheres was devised to the micron level in order to achieve high encapsulating efficiency. The encapsulating efficiency, swelling property and release administration of the microspheres could be synergistically regulated by PLA component, the applied TPP dose and the incorporated HA amount. In comparison to CH/HA microspheres, the CH-PLA/HA microspheres had greatly reduced TGF-ß1 release rates and were able to administrate the TGF-ß1 release at controlled rates over a significant longer period of time. The released TGF-ß1 was detected to be bioactive when compared to the free TGF-ß1. These results suggest that the presently developed CH-PLA/HA complex microspheres have promising potential in delivering TGF-ß1 for cartilage repair applications where the applied TGF-ß1 amount in the early stage needs to be low whilst the sustained TGF-ß1 release at an appropriate dose in the later stage has to be maintained.

17.
Nutrients ; 10(11)2018 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30400147

RESUMO

Metformin (Met) and lactoferrin (Lf) both exhibit beneficial effects on body weight management and lipid accumulation. However, the synergistical action of Met and Lf remains unclear. In this study, 64 mice were divided into five groups, namely, the control group, high-fat diet (HFD group), HFD with Met (Met group), Lf (Lf group), and a combination of Met and Lf (Met + Lf group). Met (200 mg/kg body weight) and Lf (2 g/100 mL) were administrated in drinking water. The experiment lasted for 12 weeks. Body weight, serum, and hepatic lipids were determined. Histology of the liver and perirenal fat was observed. Protein expression related to hepatic lipid metabolism was also measured. HFD significantly increased body weight, visceral fat weight, and lipid profiles, which lead to obesity and dyslipidemia in mice. Compared with the HFD group, the treatments significantly decreased body weight and Lee's index (body mass index of mice) with the lowest values in the Met + Lf group. The treatments also decreased the weight of visceral fat, and improved circulating lipid profile and the ability for regulating glucose intake. The adipocyte size and serum TC level were significantly lower in the Met + Lf group as compared with those in the Met or Lf group. The treatments alleviated hepatic lipid accumulation, especially in the Met + Lf group. For protein expression, the p-AMPK/AMPK ratio, a key kinase-regulating cellular energy homeostasis, was significantly higher in the Met + Lf group than the ratio in the HFD group. Similarly, the treatments significantly downregulated the protein expression of lipogenic enzymes (FAS, ACC, and SREBP-1) and upregulated the protein expression of lipolytic enzyme (ATGL). The protein expression of HMGCoAR, which is an important rate limiting enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis, was only significantly lower in the Met + Lf group than in the HFD group. In conclusion, Met and Lf, either alone or in combination, prevented HFD-induced obesity and improved lipid metabolism.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Lactoferrina/farmacologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metformina/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Vias de Administração de Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Lactoferrina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Metformina/administração & dosagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Distribuição Aleatória
18.
Cancer Cell Int ; 18: 153, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30305803

RESUMO

Background: Chronic inflammation is deemed to play a significant effect on initiation and progression of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In current study, we investigated the prognostic and predictive role of albumin (Alb) to fibrinogen (Fib) ratio (AFR) and a novel AFR-Alb-derived neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (dNLR) score (ADS) in ESCC patients undergoing esophagectomy and compared them with Fib, Alb, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), dNLR, platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR). Materials and methods: A total of 153 clinical confirmed ESCC patients undergoing esophagectomy between January 2011 and December 2013 were included in present study. We detected preoperative Alb, Fib and neutrophil, monocyte, lymphocyte and platelet count, and obtained overall survival (OS) by 3 years' follow-up in the cases. X-tile software, Kaplan-Meier curve, Cox regression and predicted nomogram were used to evaluate the predictive and prognostic role of them in ESCC patients. Results: The optimal cut-off values of Fib, Alb, AFR, NLR, dNLR, PLR and LMR were 3.2 mg/dL, 38.2 g/L, 9.3, 2.1, 4.3, 145.9 and 2.3, respectively. High levels of Fib [(adjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 2.148, 95% confidential interval (CI) (1.229-3.753)], dNLR (adjusted HR = 2.338, 95% CI 1.626-5.308) and PLR (adjusted HR = 1.964, 95% CI 1.129-3.415) as well as low AFR (adjusted HR = 2.381, 95% CI 1.152-4.926) and Alb (adjusted HR = 2.398, 95% CI 1.342-4.273) were significantly associated with decreased OS in ESCC patients. The survival predictive areas under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristics curve of AFR, dNLR and Alb were higher than Fib and PLR, respectively. High ADS score was significantly associated with short 3 years' OS of ESCC patients (adjusted HR = 2.94, 95% CI 1.70-5.08). Moreover, OS of ESCC patients receiving adjuvant radio-chemotherapy was longer than those without the treatment in high ADS score subgroup (p = 0.001), however, no significant survival difference was observed in the patients with or without treatment radio-chemotherapy (p = 0.297). Additionally, a significant difference was observed in c-index values of the nomograms including or without ADS (0.720 vs. 0.670, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Preoperative ADS was a prospective biomarker to predict clinical efficacy of adjuvant radio-chemotherapy and clinical prognosis of ESCC patients undergoing esophagectomy, and the score could apparently improve predicted efficacy of the nomogram.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(78): 11017-11020, 2018 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30215072

RESUMO

Tertiary alcohols bearing a trifluoromethyl group are of considerable medicinal interest. Using an umpolung strategy, we herein report the first intermolecular reductive cross-coupling of aryl tri-/difluoroethanones with 2-alkenylpyridines with the aid of a Brønsted acid catalyst upon visible-light irradiation. This metal-free reaction is operationally simple and performed at ambient temperature, allowing access to desired tertiary alcohols with tri-/difluoromethyl groups in moderate to excellent yields. The commercially available and easily handled Hantzsch ester effectively serves as an electron donor, as well as a hydrogen atom source.

20.
Org Biomol Chem ; 16(35): 6391-6394, 2018 09 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30141823

RESUMO

A novel photocatalytic protocol is herein described for the preparation of functionalized phenols via radical alkylation of para-quinone methides under transition-metal-free conditions. The reaction is external oxidant free and performed at ambient temperature upon visible light irradiation, allowing the access to various desired products in satisfactory yields. The readily available 4-alkyl-1,4-dihydropyridines serve as the effective alkyl radical precursors.

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