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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 94: 811-820, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30423767

RESUMO

The effect of annealing condition on microstructure, mechanical properties and springback behaviour was examined in the connection rod of Ti-6Al-4V alloy for spinal fixation devices. Compared with the deformed microstructure in the sample before annealing, relatively few equiaxed grains were present after annealing at 1003 K after 1.8 ks, and a considerable amount appeared at 7.2 ks. When annealing time was extended to 36 ks, the recrystallised grains further grew. Vickers hardness, tensile strength and bending strength decreased with increasing annealing time, whereas the elastic and bending moduli showed no significant change with annealing time of up to 7.2 ks and then slightly decreased at 36 ks. The springback ratio was closely associated with strength and modulus and applied bending deflection. The springback ratio reached the highest and lowest values in the sample before and after annealing for 7.2 ks, respectively. A good combination of strength, modulus and springback ratio was obtained in the sample after annealing for 7.2 ks.


Assuntos
Teste de Materiais , Dispositivos de Fixação Ortopédica , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Titânio/química , Dureza , Resistência à Tração
2.
Sci Technol Adv Mater ; 17(1): 220-228, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27877872

RESUMO

We have investigated the propagation of {332}<113> twins in a multilayered Ti-10Mo-xFe (x = 1-3) alloy fabricated by multi-pass hot rolling. The material contains a macroscopic Fe-graded structure (about 130 µm width) between 1 and 3 wt% Fe in the direction perpendicular to rolling. We observe strong influence of the Fe-graded structure in the twin propagation behavior. The propagation of {332}<113> twins that are nucleated in Fe-lean regions (~1 wt% Fe) is interrupted in the grain interiors at a specific Fe content, namely, about 2 wt% Fe. We ascribe this effect to the role of Fe content in solid solution on the stress for twin propagation. The interruption of twins in the grain interiors results in the development of characteristic dislocation configurations such as highly dense dislocation walls (HDDWs) associated to strain localization phenomena. The nucleation and propagation of these dislocation configurations is ascribed to the underlying plastic accommodation mechanisms of the stress field at the twin tips. We find that the crystallographic alignment of HDDWs is determined by the stress field at the twin tips and the deformation texture. The excellent plastic accommodation at the interrupted twin tips allows attaining the good ductility of the present material (total elongation of 28%).

3.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 22(22): 17683-90, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26154035

RESUMO

The leaching behaviour of Sn and Pb elements from eutectic SnPb solder of electronic waste in acidic soil was investigated through acidification with HCl-H2SO4 solution and compared with saline solution. The amounts of Sn and Pb elements leached, when subjected to acidic soil, are higher than those with saline soil. Evidence for the significantly preferential release of Sn into the leachate is provided; the galvanic couple accelerated such preferential release. Surface product analysis reveals the slight damage of SnPb in saline soil. Serious dissolution due to electrochemical reaction and a thick, porous PbSO4 surface layer are observed in acidified soil, suggesting more severe toxicity potential of Pb in soil rather than in water.


Assuntos
Chumbo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Estanho/análise , Resíduo Eletrônico/análise , Medição de Risco , Solo/química
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