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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 540: 42-50, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33445109

RESUMO

Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs), which play a very critical role in liver regeneration, function in hypoxic environments, but few studies have elucidated the specific mechanism. As a hypoxia-sensitive gene, Sentrin/SUMO-specific protease 1(SENP1) is upregulated in solid tumors due to hypoxia and promotes tumor proliferation. We speculate that LSECs may upregulate SENP1 in hypoxic environments and that SENP1 may act on downstream genes to allow the cells to adapt to the hypoxic environment. To elucidate the reasons for the survival of LSECs under hypoxia, we designed experiments to explore the possible mechanism. First, we cultured murine LSECs in hypoxic conditions for a certain time (24 h and 72 h), and then, we observed that the proliferation ability of the hypoxia group was higher than that of the normoxia group, and the number of unique fenestrae of the LSECs in the hypoxia group was more than that of the LSECs in the normoxia group. Then, we divided the LSECs into several groups for hypoxic culture for time points (6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 72 h), and we found that the expression of SENP1, HIF-1α and VEGF was significantly upregulated. Then, we silenced SENP1 and HIF-1α with si-SENP1 and si-HIF-1α, respectively. SENP1, HIF-1α and VEGF were significantly downregulated, as determined by RT-PCR, WB and ELISA. Unexpectedly, the proliferation activity of the LSECs decreased and the fenestrae disappeared more in the si-SENP1 and si-HIF-1α groups than in the control group. It is concluded that LSECs cultured under hypoxic conditions may maintain fenestrae and promote proliferation through the SENP1/HIF-1α/VEGF signaling axis, thereby adapting to the hypoxic environment.

2.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 88(7): 073505, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28764528

RESUMO

A high-speed vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) imaging system for edge plasma studies is being developed on the Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST). Its key optics is composed of an inverse type of Schwarzschild telescope made of a set of Mo/Si multilayer mirrors, a micro-channel plate (MCP) equipped with a P47 phosphor screen and a high-speed camera with CMOS sensors. In order to remove the contribution from low-energy photons, a Zr filter is installed in front of the MCP detector. With this optics, VUV photons with a wavelength of 13.5 nm, which mainly come from the line emission from intrinsic carbon (C vi: n = 4-2 transition) or the Ly-α line emission from injected Li iii on the EAST, can be selectively measured two-dimensionally with both high temporal and spatial resolutions. At present, this system is installed to view the plasma from the low field side in a horizontal port in the EAST. It has been operated routinely during the 2016 EAST experiment campaign, and the first result is shown in this work. To roughly evaluate the system performance, synthetic images are created. And it indicates that this system mainly measures the edge localized emissions by comparing the synthetic images and experimental data.

3.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 35(6): 1488-92, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26601352

RESUMO

A method that could be used to quantify the water concentration in ship machinery lubricating oil based on Mid-infrared LED is discussed. A Mid-infrared LED with peak emission wavelength of 2 840 nm and FWHM of 400 nm is used as the light source, the emitting light is partly absorbed by the oil sample, the remaining is received by the infrared detector. The percentage of water is determined according to the absorbance. In the experiment, a optical configuration including the transmission, absorbing and receiving of infrared light is designed, calcium fluoride wafer is used as the window, a hard metal coil with circular section is selected as the washer to get the fixed thickness of oil film accurately, a photoelectric diode with detection wavelength of 2 500-4 800 nm and response time of 10-20 ns is used as the detector of light intensity. Matching with this, a system of signal preamplifier, microcontroller-based data acquisition, storage and communication is developed. Absorbance data of six oil samples with different water mass concentration: 0, 0.062 5%, 0.125%, 0.25%, 0.375% and 0.5% is acquired through experiment. Fitting the data by the method of least squares, a linear equation in terms of absorbance and water concentration is obtained, and the determination coefficient is 0.996. Finally, in order to test the accuracy of this measurement method, using oil sample with water concentration of 0.317 5% to validate the equation, measuring the absorbance by the experimental device, the water content is calculated through the linear equation, the results show that the relative error is 2.7% between the percentage calculated and the real sample, indicating that this method can accurately measure the water concentration in the oil.

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