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3.
Front Physiol ; 13: 912447, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35620594

RESUMO

Introduction: Coronary stenosis due to atherosclerosis restricts blood flow. Stenosis progression would lead to increased clinical risk such as heart attack. Although many risk factors were found to contribute to atherosclerosis progression, factors associated with fatigue is underemphasized. Our goal is to investigate the relationship between fatigue and stenosis progression based on in vivo intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images and finite element models. Methods: Baseline and follow-up in vivo IVUS and angiography data were acquired from seven patients using Institutional Review Board approved protocols with informed consent obtained. Three hundred and five paired slices at baseline and follow-up were matched and used for plaque modeling and analysis. IVUS-based thin-slice models were constructed to obtain the coronary biomechanics and stress/strain amplitudes (stress/strain variations in one cardiac cycle) were used as the measurement of fatigue. The change of lumen area (DLA) from baseline to follow-up were calculated to measure stenosis progression. Nineteen morphological and biomechanical factors were extracted from 305 slices at baseline. Correlation analyses of these factors with DLA were performed. Random forest (RF) method was used to fit morphological and biomechanical factors at baseline to predict stenosis progression during follow-up. Results: Significant correlations were found between stenosis progression and maximum stress amplitude, average stress amplitude and average strain amplitude (p < 0.05). After factors selection implemented by random forest (RF) method, eight morphological and biomechanical factors were selected for classification prediction of stenosis progression. Using eight factors including fatigue, the overall classification accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of stenosis progression prediction with RF method were 83.61%, 86.25% and 80.69%, respectively. Conclusion: Fatigue correlated positively with stenosis progression. Factors associated with fatigue could contribute to better prediction for atherosclerosis progression.

4.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(7): 2008-2015, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35373887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Discordant physiology and anatomy may occur when nonsevere angiographic stenosis has positive physiology as well as the opposite situation. AIM: To underline the reasons behind the discrepancy in physiology and anatomy and to summarize the information that coronary imaging may add to physiology. METHODS: A review of the published literature on physiology and intravascular imaging assessment of intermediate lesions was carried out. RESULTS: The limitations of angiography, the possibility of an underlying diffuse disease, the presence of a "grey zone" in both techniques, the amount of myocardial mass that subtends the stenosis, and plaque vulnerability may play a role in such discrepancy. Intracoronary imaging has a poor diagnostic accuracy compared to physiology. However, it may add information about plaque vulnerability that might be useful in deciding whether to treat or not a certain lesion. CONCLUSIONS: Coronary revascularization is recommended for patients with ischemia based on physiology. Intracoronary imaging adds information on plaque vulnerability and can help on the decision whether to revascularize or not a lesion.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Estenose Coronária , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Placa Aterosclerótica , Constrição Patológica/patologia , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Vasos Coronários , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 99(7): 2028-2037, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419936

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to use intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to clarify anatomical and morphological lesion characteristics of uncrossable lesions. BACKGROUND: Uncrossable lesions are not always severely calcified. The prevalence of uncrossable lesions that are nonseverely calcified as well as other mechanisms for uncrossability has not been well clarified. METHODS: A total of 252 de novo uncrossable lesions in native coronary arteries that underwent either rotational or orbital atherectomy due to inability of any balloon to cross the lesion and 38 lesions with severe calcium in which IVUS crossed preatherectomy were included. Severe calcium is defined as maximum arc of calcium ≥270°. RESULTS: Severe calcification was absent in 16% of uncrossable lesions, 83% of which had a significant vessel bend. Compared with crossable lesions with severe calcium, uncrossable lesions with severe calcium more often had a bend in the vessel (71% vs. 21%, p < 0.001) and a longer length of continuous severe calcium (median length of calcium ≥270° 3.8 mm vs. 1.9 mm, p = 0.001). Other than severe calcium (especially long continuous calcium) or a bend in the vessel, anatomical factors associated with uncrossabilty were aorto-ostial lesion location and small vessels. CONCLUSIONS: Uncrossable lesions are not always severely calcified. The interaction of lesion morphology (continuous long and large arcs of calcium) and vessel geometry (bend in the vessel or ostial lesion location) affect lesion crossability.


Assuntos
Aterectomia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Calcificação Vascular , Aterectomia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Cálcio , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Nat Rev Cardiol ; 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35449407

RESUMO

Since optical coherence tomography (OCT) was first performed in humans two decades ago, this imaging modality has been widely adopted in research on coronary atherosclerosis and adopted clinically for the optimization of percutaneous coronary intervention. In the past 10 years, substantial advances have been made in the understanding of in vivo vascular biology using OCT. Identification by OCT of culprit plaque pathology could potentially lead to a major shift in the management of patients with acute coronary syndromes. Detection by OCT of healed coronary plaque has been important in our understanding of the mechanisms involved in plaque destabilization and healing with the rapid progression of atherosclerosis. Accurate detection by OCT of sequelae from percutaneous coronary interventions that might be missed by angiography could improve clinical outcomes. In addition, OCT has become an essential diagnostic modality for myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries. Insight into neoatherosclerosis from OCT could improve our understanding of the mechanisms of very late stent thrombosis. The appropriate use of OCT depends on accurate interpretation and understanding of the clinical significance of OCT findings. In this Review, we summarize the state of the art in cardiac OCT and facilitate the uniform use of this modality in coronary atherosclerosis. Contributions have been made by clinicians and investigators worldwide with extensive experience in OCT, with the aim that this document will serve as a standard reference for future research and clinical application.

8.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(8): 846-856, 2022 04 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367176

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test whether optical coherence tomographic (OCT) guidance would provide additional useful information beyond that obtained by angiography and lead to a shift in reperfusion strategy and improved clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with early infarct artery patency. BACKGROUND: Angiography is limited in assessing the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of the culprit lesion. METHODS: EROSION III (Optical Coherence Tomography-Guided Reperfusion in ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction With Early Infarct Artery Patency) is an open-label, prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled study approved by the ethics committees of participating centers. Patients with STEMI who had angiographic diameter stenosis ≤ 70% and TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) flow grade 3 at presentation or after antegrade blood flow restoration were recruited and randomized to either OCT guidance or angiographic guidance. The primary efficacy endpoint was the rate of stent implantation. RESULTS: Among 246 randomized patients, 226 (91.9%) constituted the per protocol set (112 with OCT guidance and 114 with angiographic guidance). The median diameter stenosis was 54.0% (IQR: 48.0%-61.0%) in the OCT guidance group and 53.5% (IQR: 43.8%-64.0%) in the angiographic guidance group (P = 0.57) before randomization. Stent implantation was performed in 49 of 112 patients (43.8%) in the OCT group and 67 of 114 patients (58.8%) in the angiographic group (P = 0.024), demonstrating a 15% reduction in stent implantation with OCT guidance. In patients treated with stent implantation, OCT guidance was associated with a favorable result with lower residual angiographic diameter stenosis (8.7% ± 3.7% vs 11.8% ± 4.6% in the angiographic guidance group; P < 0.001). Two patients (1 cardiac death, 1 stable angina) met the primary safety endpoint in the OCT guidance group, as did 3 patients (3 cardiac deaths) in the angiographic guidance group (1.8% vs 2.6%; P = 0.67). Reinfarction was not observed in either group. At 1 year, the rates of predefined cardiocerebrovascular events were comparable between the groups (11.6% after OCT guidance vs 9.6% after angiographic guidance; P = 0.66). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with STEMI with early infarct artery patency, OCT guidance compared with angiographic guidance of reperfusion was associated with less stent implantation during primary percutaneous coronary intervention. These favorable results indicate the value of OCT imaging in optimizing the reperfusion strategy of patients with STEMI. (EROSION III: OCT- vs Angio-Based Reperfusion Strategy for STEMI; NCT03571269).


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Artérias , Constrição Patológica/etiologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reperfusão , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Interv Cardiol ; 2022: 2411824, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35350480

RESUMO

Background: Current recommendations for the best views for the left main coronary artery (LMCA) ostium intervention are empirical. Objectives: To determine the optimal projection to visualize the LMCA ostium using only fluoroscopy. Methods: The optimal projection to visualize the LMCA ostium was determined using fluoroscopic images of superimposing the lowest points of the distal ends of two J tipped wires in the noncoronary cusp (NCC) and right coronary cusp (RCC). This was validated independently using 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) reconstruction. Results: Satisfactory images of the overlapping wires in NCC and RCC could be obtained in 90% (45/50). Between the fluoroscopic and the 3D-CT reconstruction approaches, the mean difference for NCC and RCC overlapping at horizontal axes is -1.8 with a 95% limit of agreement between -3.94 and 0.34 (p=0.10) and at vertical axes -1.6 with a 95% limit of agreement between -3.46 and 0.26 (p=0.09); and the mean difference for the optimal projection to visualize the LMCA ostium at horizontal axes is -3.22 with a 95% limit of agreement between -7.26 and 0.81 (p=0.11) and at vertical axes -2.31 with a 95% limit of agreement between -5.83 and 1.21 (p=0.09). The 3D angulation deviation for the optimal projection to visualize the LMCA ostium was 8.5° ± 4.7° when the LMCA ostium faced the NCC-RCC commissure (n = 32) and 22.3° ± 16.0° (p=0.009) when it did not (n = 13). Conclusions: The optimal projection for LMCA ostial intervention can be determined using fluoroscopic images of superimposing wires in the NCC and RCC when the LMCA ostium faces the NCC-RCC commissure, as was the case in 71% of the patients studied.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Valva Aórtica , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Fluoroscopia , Humanos
10.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 39: 100985, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35281753

RESUMO

Background: The Lipid Rich Plaque (LRP) study demonstrated that near-infrared spectroscopy imaging of non-obstructive lesions identified patients and segments at higher risk for subsequent non-culprit major adverse cardiac events (NC-MACE). Whether this is true for both men and women is not known. In this post hoc analysis of the LRP study, we sought to investigate whether the maximum 4-mm Lipid Core Burden Index (maxLCBI4mm) was of similar predictive value in men and women for NC-MACE. Methods: Patients with an evaluable maxLCBI4mm were stratified on the basis of sex at birth. A Cox proportional-hazards model was used to assess the predictive value of maxLCBI4mm on future NC-MACE at the patient and plaque levels. The primary endpoint was cumulative incidence of NC-MACE at 24 months. Results: Among 1271 patients, 388 (30.5%) were women. Women were older and had a higher cardiovascular risk profile. Cumulative incidence of NC-MACE at 24 months was 10.3% for women and 7.6% for men (log-rank p = 0.11). When comparing maxLCBI4mm > 400 to maxLCBI4mm ≤ 400, the hazard ratio (HR) for future NC-MACE was not significantly different between sexes: 2.10 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.28-3.44; p = 0.003) for men and 2.24 (95% CI: 1.18-4.28; p = 0.014) for women (p = 0.87). At the plaque level, the HR comparing maxLCBI4mm > 400 to maxLCBI4mm ≤ 400 was 3.49 (95% CI: 1.60-7.60, p = 0.002) for men and 4.79 (95% CI: 2.02-11.38, p < 0.001) for women, which was not significantly different (p = 0.57). Conclusions: The maxLCBI4mm was of similar predictive value for NC-MACE within 24 months in men and women.

11.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1): 103, 2022 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35287572

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calcified plaque is thought to adversely impact outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study sought to evaluate the impact of nodular calcification in patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: Using optical coherence tomography (OCT), 500 culprit plaques with calcification were analyzed from 495 acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients on whom PCI was performed. Based on morphology, we classified calcification into two subtypes: nodular calcification and non-nodular calcification. Nodular calcification was defined as protruding mass with an irregular surface, high backscattering, and signal attenuation while non-nodular calcification was defined as an area with low backscattering heterogeneous region with a well-delineated border without protrusion into the lumen on OCT. RESULTS: Calcified culprit plaques were divided into nodular calcification group (n = 238) and non-nodular calcification group (n = 262). Patients with nodular calcification were older (p < 0.001) and had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.006) compared to patients with non-nodular calcification. Minimum stent area (5.0 (3.9, 6.3) mm2 vs. 5.4 (4.2, 6.7) mm2, p = 0.011) and stent expansion (70 (62.7, 81.8) % vs. 75 (65.2, 86.6) %, p = 0.004) were significantly smaller in the nodular calcification group than in the non-nodular calcification group. Stent under-expansion was most frequent (p = 0.003) in the nodular calcification group. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrate that the presence of nodular calcification is associated with a smaller minimum stent area and a higher incidence of stent under-expansion. Lesions with nodular calcification may be at risk of stent under-expansion.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Placa Aterosclerótica , Calcificação Vascular , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Stents , Volume Sistólico , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/epidemiologia , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
12.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(7): 753-766, 2022 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine correlates and consequences of contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) on clinical outcomes in patients with or without pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD). BACKGROUND: The incidence and impact of CA-AKI on clinical outcomes during contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are not fully defined. METHODS: The ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual AntiPlatelet Therapy With Drug Eluting Stents) study was a prospective, multicenter registry of 8,582 patients treated with ≥1 drug-eluting stent(s). CA-AKI was defined as a post-PCI increase in serum creatinine of >0.5 mg/dL or a relative increase of ≥25% compared with pre-PCI. CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. The primary endpoint was the 2-year rate of net adverse clinical events (NACE): All-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), definite or probable stent thrombosis, or major bleeding. RESULTS: Of 7287 (85%) patients with evaluable data, 476 (6.5%) developed CA-AKI. In a multivariable model, older age, female sex, Caucasian race, congestive heart failure, diabetes, hypertension, CKD, presentation with ST-segment elevation MI, Killip class II to IV, radial access, intra-aortic balloon pump use, hypotension, and number of stents were independent predictors of CA-AKI. The 2-year NACE rate was higher in patients with CA-AKI (adjusted HR: 1.88; 95% CI: 1.42-2.49), as was each component of NACE (all-cause mortality, HR: 1.77; 95% CI: 1.22-2.55; MI, HR: 1.67; 95% CI: 1.18-2.36; definite/probable stent thrombosis, HR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.10-2.65; and major bleeding, HR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.06-1.80). Compared with the CA-AKI-/CKD- group, the CA-AKI+/CKD- (HR: 1.83; 95% CI: 1.33-2.52), CA-AKI-/CKD+ (HR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.15-2.13), CA-AKI+/CKD+ (HR: 3.29; 95% CI: 1.92-5.67), and maintenance dialysis (HR: 2.67; 95% CI: 1.65-4.31) groups were at higher risk of NACE. CONCLUSIONS: CA-AKI was relatively common after contemporary PCI and was associated with increased 2-year rates of NACE. Patients with pre-existing CKD were at particularly high risk for NACE after CA-AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Trombose , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Meios de Contraste/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Int J Cardiol ; 352: 1-8, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35149139

RESUMO

Atherosclerotic plaque progression and rupture play an important role in cardiovascular disease development and the final drastic events such as heart attack and stroke. Medical imaging and image-based computational modeling methods advanced considerably in recent years to quantify plaque morphology and biomechanical conditions and gain a better understanding of plaque evolution and rupture process. This article first briefly reviewed clinical imaging techniques for coronary thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) plaques used in image-based computational modeling. This was followed by a summary of different types of biomechanical models for coronary plaques. Plaque progression and vulnerability prediction studies based on image-based computational modeling were reviewed and compared. Much progress has been made and a reasonable high prediction accuracy has been achieved. However, there are still some inconsistencies in existing literature on the impact of biomechanical and morphological factors on future plaque behavior, and it is very difficult to perform direct comparison analysis as differences like image modality, biomechanical factors selection, predictive models, and progression/vulnerability measures exist among these studies. Encouraging data and model sharing across the research community would partially resolve these differences, and possibly lead to clearer assertive conclusions. In vivo image-based computational modeling could be used as a powerful tool for quantitative assessment of coronary plaque vulnerability for potential clinical applications.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Placa Aterosclerótica , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Simulação por Computador , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(2): 208-216, 2022 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35057991

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate long-term cardiac survival benefit for intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)- versus angiography-guided long drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. BACKGROUND: Although the long-term benefit of IVUS guidance for DES implantation has been reported from recent randomized trials, this benefit was primarily driven by the reduction in repeat revascularization. Thus, it remains uncertain whether IVUS guidance improved survival during long-term follow-up. METHODS: We pooled the data of 2 randomized trials (IVUS-XPL [Impact of Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance on the Outcomes of Xience Prime Stents in Long Lesions] and ULTIMATE [Intravascular Ultrasound Guided Drug Eluting Stents Implantation in All-Comers Coronary Lesions]) and compared IVUS guidance versus angiography guidance in 2,577 patients with long lesions treated with an implanted stent length ≥28 mm. The primary end point was cardiac death at 3 years. RESULTS: A 3-year clinical follow-up was completed in 96%. The primary end point of cardiac death occurred in 12 patients (1.0%) in the IVUS-guided group vs 28 patients (2.2%) in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.43; 95% CI: 0.22-0.84; P = 0.011). In addition, target lesion-related myocardial infarction occurred in 3 patients (0.2%) in the IVUS-guided group and in 9 patients (0.7%) in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.09-1.22; P = 0.081), stent thrombosis developed in 3 patients (0.2%) in the IVUS-guided group and 9 patients (0.7%) in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.09-1.23; P = 0.082), and ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization was observed in 47 patients (3.8%) in the IVUS-guided group and 80 patients (6.5%) in the angiography-guided group (HR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.40-0.82; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: In this post hoc pooled patient-level analysis, the use of IVUS-guided long DES implantation compared with angiography-guided stent implantation improved long-term patient cardiac survival.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/efeitos adversos
17.
Cardiovasc Revasc Med ; 39: 1-5, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34972665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can identify vulnerable coronary atherosclerotic plaques. We aimed to compare the presence or absence of baseline intravascular imaging of non-culprit lesions and their subsequent adverse events. METHODS/MATERIALS: We identified patients from the Lipid Rich Plaque (LRP) study who had a non-culprit-lesion adverse event and divided them into 2 cohorts: those with lesions detected with NIRS-IVUS imaging at baseline and those with lesions not imaged at baseline. RESULTS: Overall, 73 patients had an adverse event (99 coronary segments) during the 24-month follow-up period. Among them, 41 patients (56.2%) had a non-culprit-lesion adverse event related to a coronary segment imaged at baseline, and 32 patients (43.8%) had a non-culprit-lesion adverse event adjudicated to a segment that was not scanned at baseline. Angiographic core laboratory analysis suggested that unscanned lesions were more often in the right coronary artery (~50%); branches of the left coronary artery, i.e., diagonal or left obtuse marginal arteries (~20%); smaller vessels; or more tortuous vessels; and less often in the left anterior descending or distal locations. There was a weak trend for acute severe events (adjudicated myocardial infarction and acute coronary syndrome) in patients with lesions not scanned at baseline (50.0% versus 36.6%, p = 0.250). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with follow-up non-culprit-lesion adverse events, nearly half were not imaged with NIRS-IVUS at baseline. Because events related to non-imaged lesions were at least as severe as events related to imaged lesions, future clinical trials and clinical protocols should be designed to minimize this issue. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Lipid-Rich Plaque Study (LRP), https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02033694, NCT02033694.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Angiografia Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia
18.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 15(1): e011366, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35041452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are 2 competing approaches to optimize drug-eluting stent implantation: angiography-guided routine postdilation or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. METHODS: From the pooled data of 2 randomized trials, IVUS-XPL (Impact of Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance on the Outcomes of Xience Prime Stents in Long Lesions) and ULTIMATE (Intravascular Ultrasound Guided Drug Eluting Stents Implantation in All-Comers Coronary Lesions), that compared IVUS- versus angiography-guided drug-eluting stent implantation, we compared 1037 patients (1265 lesions) with IVUS-guided postdilation, 905 patients (1170 lesions) with angiography-guided postdilation, and 383 patients (397 lesions) with angiography-guided drug-eluting stent implantation without postdilation as a reference group; all patients required ≥28 mm long stents. The primary end point was composite of cardiac death, target lesion-related myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization at 3 years. RESULTS: Postintervention quantitative coronary angiography-based minimum lumen diameter was not different between the angiography guidance with postdilation versus the angiography guidance without postdilation group (2.5±0.4 mm versus 2.5±0.4 mm; P=0.367). However, it was larger in the IVUS guidance with postdilation versus the angiography guidance without postdilation group (2.6±0.5 mm versus 2.5±0.4 mm; P=0.046), and also in the IVUS guidance with postdilation versus the angiography guidance with postdilation group (2.6±0.5 mm versus 2.5±0.4 mm; P<0.001). The rate of the primary end point was not different between the angiography guidance with postdilation versus the angiography guidance without postdilation group (8.6% versus 9.8%; hazard ratio, 0.86 [95% CI, 0.58-1.29]; P=0.473). However, it was lower after IVUS guidance with postdilation versus angiography guidance without postdilation (4.5% versus 9.8%; hazard ratio, 0.44 [95% CI, 0.28-0.68]; P<0.001) and also after IVUS guidance with postdilation versus angiography guidance with postdilation (4.5% versus 8.6%; hazard ratio, 0.51 [95% CI, 0.35-0.74]; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing long drug-eluting stent implantation, IVUS-guided postdilation was associated with improved long-term clinical outcomes, unlike angiography-guided postdilation.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
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