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2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4093-4102, nov. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039529

RESUMO

Resumo A dor dentária é um problema de saúde pública que causa grande incômodo aos usuários de substâncias psicoativas. Objetivou-se determinar a prevalência de dor dentária e suas associações em usuários de substâncias psicoativas dos CAPS AD dos municípios de Vitória, Vila Velha e Serra, ES, Brasil. Um estudo transversal foi realizado com 280 participantes, entre junho de 2015 e fevereiro de 2016, por meio de cinco roteiros, um para os dados sociodemográficos e percepção de saúde, outro para saúde bucal, o Oral Health Impact Profile, o Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test e o World Health Organization Quality of Life. Os dados foram organizados em tabelas de frequência, analisados com o pacote estatístico SPSS 20, as comparações foram feitas com o teste de Fisher e Odds Ratio (OR) foi utilizado para verificar a força da associação entre as variáveis. A prevalência de dor na população estudada foi de 59,3% e os indivíduos que apresentaram impacto das condições bucais na qualidade de vida, tiveram 2,2 vezes mais chances de relatar dor de dente nos últimos 6 meses. A população estudada apresentou alta prevalência de dor dentária, o estudo aponta que a dor dentária interfere na qualidade de vida dos usuários de substâncias psicoativas que utilizam os serviços dos CAPS AD dos três municípios.


Abstract Toothache is a public health problem that causes great inconvenience to psychoactive substances users. The objective was to verify the prevalence of dental pain and its associations among psychoactive substances users from Alcohol and Drug Psychosocial Care Centers (CAPS AD) in Vitoria, Vila Velha and Serra, Espírito Santo, Brazil. A transversal study was conducted with 280 participants between June 2015 and February 2016, using five scripts: one for socio-demographic data and health perception; another for oral health; the Oral Health Impact Profile; the Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Test. Data were organized in frequency tables and analyzed with the SPSS 20 statistical package. Comparisons were made with Fisher's test and the Odds Ratio (OR) was used to check the strength of the association between the variables. The prevalence of pain in the population studied was 59.3%, and individuals whose quality of life was impacted due to their oral conditions were 2.2 times more likely to report toothache in the last 6 months. The population studied showed a high prevalence of dental pain and the study indicates that dental pain interferes in the quality of life of psychoactive substances users who are treated at CAPS AD services in these three cities.

3.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(11): 4093-4102, 2019.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664382

RESUMO

Toothache is a public health problem that causes great inconvenience to psychoactive substances users. The objective was to verify the prevalence of dental pain and its associations among psychoactive substances users from Alcohol and Drug Psychosocial Care Centers (CAPS AD) in Vitoria, Vila Velha and Serra, Espírito Santo, Brazil. A transversal study was conducted with 280 participants between June 2015 and February 2016, using five scripts: one for socio-demographic data and health perception; another for oral health; the Oral Health Impact Profile; the Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Test. Data were organized in frequency tables and analyzed with the SPSS 20 statistical package. Comparisons were made with Fisher's test and the Odds Ratio (OR) was used to check the strength of the association between the variables. The prevalence of pain in the population studied was 59.3%, and individuals whose quality of life was impacted due to their oral conditions were 2.2 times more likely to report toothache in the last 6 months. The population studied showed a high prevalence of dental pain and the study indicates that dental pain interferes in the quality of life of psychoactive substances users who are treated at CAPS AD services in these three cities.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Psicotrópicos/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
4.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 67: e20190039, 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040934

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of oral health on quality of life and to examine the association with sociodemographic, clinical staging and dental variables in women diagnosed with breast cancer. Methods This is an observational cross-sectional study with sample composed of 89 women treated at a Reference Hospital in Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil, between January and December 2012. Two scripts in the form of interviews were used, one to record participants' information; and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), to evaluate the impacts produced by the oral condition on quality of life. Descriptive analysis of data was performed. The comparison of the percentage of the impact dimensions with independent variables was tested by the chi-square test or the Fisher exact test, when appropriate. To assess the strength of association between exposure and event, odds ratio was calculated. Significance level of 5% was adopted. Results The impact was 28.1%, there was a statistically significant association with variables income (p = 0.039) and reason for the visit to the oral health professional (p = 0.012). Conclusion Studies on quality of life of cancer patients are of fundamental importance for understanding the impact of oral health problems on quality of life.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto produzido por problemas bucais na qualidade de vida; e examinar a associação com as variáveis sociodemográficas, odontológicas e de estadiamento clínico em mulheres com diagnóstico de câncer de mama. Métodos Estudo observacional transversal. Amostra composta por 89 mulheres atendidas em um hospital de referência em Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brasil, entre janeiro e dezembro de 2012. Utilizaram-se dois roteiros na forma de entrevista, um para registro das informações das participantes; e o Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), para avaliar os impactos produzidos pela condição bucal sobre a qualidade de vida. Realizou-se análise descritiva dos dados. A comparação dos percentuais das dimensões do impacto com as variáveis independentes foi verificada pelo teste qui-quadrado ou pelo teste exato de Fisher, quando apropriado. Para avaliar a força da associação entre evento e exposição, calculou-se o odds ratio. Adotou-se o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados O impacto foi de 28,1%, houve associação estatisticamente significante com as variáveis renda (p=0,039) e motivo da visita ao profissional de saúde bucal (p=0,012). Conclusão Estudos sobre qualidade de vida em pacientes oncológicos são de fundamental importância na compreensão do impacto dos problemas bucais em sua vida.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1056828

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To verify the impact produced by oral disorders on the quality of life of adolescents. Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a random sample of 680 individuals aged 15-19 years from public schools of Vitória, Brazil. The impact was assessed using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP 14). Data were descriptively analyzed and then univariate analyses were performed with the Chi-square test and Fischer's exact test. The Mantel-Haenzsel test was used to evaluate the effects of the combined dimensions and Odds Ratio to evaluate the strength of the association. Logistic regression models were adjusted for each OHIP dimension Results: The impact on the quality of life was 26.2%, more frequently in the psychological discomfort dimension. The highest perception of impact was in female subjects, in physical pain (p=0.009, OR=1.998) and psychological discomfort dimensions (p=0.050, OR=1.495). In variable maternal education, children of mothers with only complete elementary education are 1.6 times more likely to have an impact on the quality of life in the psychological discomfort dimension (OR=1.6 95% CI=1.037, 2.474). Halitosis was the independent variable with the highest frequency of impact in the combined Mantel-Haenszel test, and OR was found to be 2.81 (95% CI=1.670, 3.366) for individuals who perceive halitosis. In the logistic regression analysis in the seven OHIP dimensions, the results confirm that the variables that explain impact are gender (p=0.035, OR = 1.502) and halitosis (p<0.001, OR=2.365) Conclusion: Oral health problems significantly affect the quality of life of adolescents and that subjective indicators are important tools to determine the need for treatment, improving oral health and quality of life of this population.

6.
Cien Saude Colet ; 23(2): 471-480, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29412405

RESUMO

The objective was to examine the association between life events post diagnosis of breast câncer and metastasis. Cross-sectional study with 300 women attending a reference hospital in oncology in the Espírito Santo. Was used the instrument Life Events Units-LEU/VAS to evaluate life events reported by women. Data were analyzed by using the nonparametric Wilcoxon and chi-square tests. It was performed odds ratio calculation for the variables associated with metastasis. It was found that 21% of the sample reported at least one life event post diagnosis. Of the 46 women who developed metastases, 20 reported one or more life events (p = 0.001). The odds ratio calculated shows that having life events post diagnosis increases by 2.59 (1,37 - 4,91; p = 0,003) times the chance of developing metastasis. When considering the time between diagnosis and the onset of metastasis there was a median of 18.0 months. The study shows a relationship between life events and metastasis, however emphasize the importance of a more complex analysis to better understand the impacts of these events on the onset and progression of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(2): 471-480, Fev. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-890532

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivou-se examinar a associação entre os eventos de vida pós-diagnóstico de câncer de mama e o aparecimento de metástase. Estudo transversal realizado com 300 mulheres atendidas em um hospital de referência em oncologia no Espírito Santo. Utilizou-se o instrumento "Life Events Units- LEU/VAS", para avaliar os eventos de vida relatados pelas mulheres. Os dados foram analisados através dos testes não paramétrico de Wilcoxon e qui-quadrado. Foi realizado cálculo de "odds ratio" para as variáveis associadas à metástase. Identificou-se que 21% da amostra relatou pelo menos um evento de vida após o diagnóstico. Das 46 mulheres que evoluíram para metástase, 20 relataram um ou mais eventos de vida (p = 0,001). O "odds ratio" calculado aponta que ter eventos de vida pós-diagnóstico aumenta em 2,59 (1,37 - 4,91; p = 0,003) vezes a chance de desenvolver metástase. Quando considerado o tempo transcorrido entre o diagnóstico e o surgimento da metástase observou-se uma mediana de 18,0 meses. O estudo mostra uma relação entre eventos de vida e metástase, entretanto, ressalta-se a importância de uma análise mais complexa para compreender melhor os impactos causados por esses eventos no surgimento e na progressão do câncer de mama.


Abstract The objective was to examine the association between life events post diagnosis of breast câncer and metastasis. Cross-sectional study with 300 women attending a reference hospital in oncology in the Espírito Santo. Was used the instrument Life Events Units-LEU/VAS to evaluate life events reported by women. Data were analyzed by using the nonparametric Wilcoxon and chi-square tests. It was performed odds ratio calculation for the variables associated with metastasis. It was found that 21% of the sample reported at least one life event post diagnosis. Of the 46 women who developed metastases, 20 reported one or more life events (p = 0.001). The odds ratio calculated shows that having life events post diagnosis increases by 2.59 (1,37 - 4,91; p = 0,003) times the chance of developing metastasis. When considering the time between diagnosis and the onset of metastasis there was a median of 18.0 months. The study shows a relationship between life events and metastasis, however emphasize the importance of a more complex analysis to better understand the impacts of these events on the onset and progression of breast cancer.

8.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3800, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966888

RESUMO

Objective: To verify the knowledge of dental students about the correct use of fluoride dentifrices above 1000 pmm fluorine for children aged 0-6 years old. Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which self-administered questionnaires were administered to 355 dental students from sixth to ninth or tenth graduation period. The questionnaires included questions regarding knowledge of the need to use, concentration, amount, frequency and potential adverse effects of the use of conventional fluoride dentifrices above 1000 ppm of fluorine by children up to six years of age, as well as the mechanism of action and the method of using fluorides that has the most scientific evidence. A descriptive analysis of data was performed. Results: 83.1% of students reported receiving content on the use of fluoride dentifrices in early childhood. Most students consider the use of fluoride dentifrice as important for the age group from zero to three years (73.8%) and from three to six years (96.4%). Only 17.7% would indicate fluoride toothpaste above 1000 ppm fluoride for children from zero to three years and 40.6% for three to six years. 76.9% believe that the amount of ideal refers to a grain of rice (0-3 years) and 61.7% of pea grain (3-6 years). 43.4% of students believe that fluoride dentifrices as an adverse effect the potential to cause fluorosis independent of concentration. Conclusion: The students evaluated were misleading about the fluoride concentration of the dentifrices indicated for children up to six years of age; on the toxicity of fluorine; action mechanism of fluorides and the scientific method of greater scientific evidence on caries disease. Failures in training and need to update fluoride contents to be taught to future dentistry professionals are evident.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Estudantes de Odontologia , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Dentifrícios/administração & dosagem , Fluoretos , Flúor/toxicidade , Criança , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interpretação Estatística de Dados
9.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 3769, 15/01/2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-966893

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the impact on quality of life caused by oral health problems among administrative sector employees of a mixed-economy company, residents in Vitória, Brazil. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study used a random sample of 167 individuals. Quality of life measured by the subjective indicator OHIP-14, was the outcome considered; independent variables were sociodemographic, oral health dental services use and perceived prosthesis need. OHIP evaluates impairments in the three dimensions of social, psychological and physical functional conditions. To evaluate differences between groups, Chi-Square and Fisher's Exact Tests were used (p<0.05). To assess the strength of association, Odds-Ratio was calculated. Results: The health professional most sought by individuals in the last 12 months was the dentist (88.5%), agreed by the company (62.6%) due to prevention reasons (62.6%). The prevalence of impact caused by oral health problems was 7.8% and most recorded dimensions were physical pain (6%) and psychological discomfort (5.4%). Impact perception was greater among individuals who declared need for partial removable denture at functional limitation and psychological incapacity dimensions. Subjects that used urgency oral health services presented more impact at psychological discomfort dimension. Conclusion: The impact frequency was low. Objective and subjective measures can provide accurate analysis to support health policies directed to the real population needs.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Pessoal de Saúde
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 22(3): 203-212, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-914456

RESUMO

Objetivos: Avaliar prevalência de doenças bucais e sua associação com variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas em mulheres com diagnóstico de câncer de mama e em tratamento. Material e Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo analítico, transversal, composto por 89 participantes. Foi realizado exame clínico ­ cárie, xerostomia, gengivite e afta; entrevista utilizando um roteiro semiestruturado para coleta de dados. Realizou-se análise descritiva dos dados. Os testes exato de Fisher e qui-quadrado foram utilizados para verificar possíveis associações, considerou-se nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Mulheres acima de 50 anos de idade representaram 25,8% da população estudada, ensino fundamental incompleto (36%), raça/cor branca (64%), condição socioeconômica C (57,3%) e renda de até dois salários mínimos (38,2%). Houve predomínio da necessidade de uso de prótese (60,7%) devido ao grande número de dentes perdidos (média de 17,9). As pacientes com maior faixa etária apresentaram maior prevalência de xerostomia e maior número de dentes extraídos. Conclusão: Houve alterações bucais de associação aos tratamentos do câncer, como a necessidade de próteses dentárias, xerostomia, gengivites e aftas. Com o aumento da faixa etária, aumentouse também a extração dos dentes, a prevalência da xerostomia e da gengivite. Xerostomia esteve associada a raça/cor branca e uso de anti-hipertensivos. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of oral diseases and their association with sociodemographic and clinical variables in women diagnosed with breast cancer undergoing treatment. Material and Methods: This is an analytical, crosssectional study, composed of 89 participants. Clinical examination was performed to check for dental caries, xerostomia, gingivitis and cold sore. Participants were interviewed using a semistructured script and the data were analyzed descriptively. Fisher's exact and chi-square tests were used to verify possible associations, with a 5%significance level. Results: Women aged over 50 years accounted for 25.8% of the study population, with a predominance of incomplete elementary school (36%), White race (64%), socioeconomic condition "C class" (57.3%) and income up to two minimum wages (38.2%). There was a predominance of the use of dentures(60.7%) due to the large number of missing teeth (mean of 17.9). Older patients had a higher prevalence of xerostomia and a higher number of extracted teeth. Conclusion: There were oral alterations associated with cancer treatment, such as the need for dentures, xerostomia, gingivitis and canker sores. As the age range increased, tooth extraction, xerostomia prevalence and gingivitis were also increased. Xerostomia was associated with white race and use of anti hyper tensives. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama , Cárie Dentária , Gengivite , Saúde Bucal , Xerostomia
11.
Arq. odontol ; 52(2): 111-116, abr.-jun. 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-827367

RESUMO

Objetivo: Verificar a prevalência de mordida aberta anterior e possíveis associações com variáveis sociodemográficas, hábitos de sucção não nutritivos e mamadeira em crianças de 3 a 5 anos. Métodos: Estudo transversal utilizou uma amostra aleatória obtida de uma população de 388 crianças matriculadas em escolas públicas da zona rural e urbana de um município da Região Sudeste. Para o cálculo amostral utilizou-se como parâmetros uma prevalência de 20%, nível de confiança de 95% e margem de erro de 5%. Foi calculada uma amostra mínima de 150 crianças e adotado um critério de substituição para garantir o poder amostral, envolvendo o sorteio de uma nova criança sorteada da mesma escola. A coleta de dados foi realizada em duas etapas. A primeira constituiu-se de um questionário dirigido aos responsáveis para obter dados sobre escolaridade materna, idade, gênero e a presença de hábitos deletérios ­ uso de mamadeira e sucção digital e chupeta; a segunda etapa, de um exame clínico conduzido por três examinadores previamente treinados, para detectar a presença de mordida aberta anterior. O exame foi realizado com a criança sentada de frente para o examinador, utilizando espátulas de madeira com 2 mm de espessura e sob luz natural. Para a confirmação da presença de mordida aberta anterior, o examinado deveria estar em oclusão cêntrica e não ocorrer a apreensão da espátula. O Teste Qui-quadrado foi utilizado para verificar a possível associação entre as variáveis. O projeto de pesquisa foi aprovado pelo CEP da UFES. Resultados: Foi encontrada uma prevalência de 16% de mordida aberta anterior, associada ao gênero masculino (p=0,008), sucção digital (p=0,011), ao uso de mamadeiras (p=0,026) e chupetas (p<0,001). Conclusão: A prevalência de mordida aberta em crianças pré- escolares foi considerada importante e significativamente associada com hábitos de sucção.(AU)


Aim: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of anterior open bite and possible associations with sociodemographic variables as regards non-nutritive sucking habits and the use of baby bottles in 3-5-year-old children. Methods: Cross sectional study with longitudinal design used a random sample selected from a population of 388 children, enrolled in public schools, in rural and urban areas of a southeastern Brazilian city. This sample was calculated based on the following parameters: prevalence of 20%, a confidence interval of 95%, and a 5% error, which resulted in a final sample of 150 children. A substitution criteria was adopted considering a new child that was randomly selected from the same school. Data collection was performed in two stages. The first consisted of a questionnaire directed towards the parents to obtain information about mother's education, age, gender, sucking habits, and bottlefeeding; the second stage was a clinical examination, carried out by three previously trained examiners to detect the presence of anterior open bite. The exams were performed with children seated in front of the examiner using a 2 mm wooden spatula and under natural light. To confirm the presence of anterior open bite, the examined child should present centric occlusion and not bit the spatula. The chi-square test was used to verify the possible association among the variables. The research project was approved by the Ethics Committee of UFES. Results: A prevalence of 16 % of anterior open bite was found, and it was associated with male gender (p=0.008), finger sucking (p=0.011), use of bottles (p=0.026) and pacifiers (p<0.001). Conclusion: Prevalence of anterior open bite in preschool children was considered important and significantly associated with sucking habits.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Má Oclusão , Mordida Aberta , Estudos Transversais , Mamadeiras , Comportamento de Sucção
12.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 16(1): 269-278, jan.-dez. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-912452

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the impact of oral problems on the quality of life of women before and during chemotherapy for breast cancer. Material and Methods: A longitudinal study was conducted on women with breast cancer at a Hospital reference, Espírito Santo, Brazil from January 2012 to January 2013. Assessment was performed at three time-points, the first before the onset of therapeutic intervention, the second after the first chemotherapy session, and the third after the second chemotherapy session. The volunteers were assessed using interviews that included the application of the subjective indicator Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14). The data were subjected to descriptive analysis based on tables of absolute and percentage frequencies relative to the OHIP-14 dimensions. McNemar's test assessed the direction of discordance, and the Kappa test measured the levels of concordance among the three assessments. The significance level was established at 5%. Results: The percent frequency of the impact of oral problems on the quality of life increased from the first (27%) to the second (49%) time-point, and functional limitation (p=0.001), physical pain (p=0.039), and physical disability (p=0.039) were statistically significant. Conclusion: Oral problems exerted a substantial impact on the volunteers' quality of life before the onset of chemotherapy, and quality of life became poorer after the onset of treatment. Patients with breast cancer require specific oral care and should be monitored before, during, and after anticancer treatment to minimize the deleterious effects of chemotherapy and improve their quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Tratamento Farmacológico , Manifestações Bucais , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Mulheres , Brasil , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Estudos Longitudinais
13.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 16(1): 393-402, jan.-dez. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-912889

RESUMO

Objective: To verify the association between early weaning, sociodemographic variables and deleterious oral habits in 3-5 year-old Brazilian children. Material and Methods: Retrospective observational study with longitudinal design used a random sample of 150 children representing a population of 388 children enrolled in public schools of Domingos Martins, Brazil. Data collection was performed using a questionnaire aimed at parents / guardians. The dependent variable considered for analysis was the presence of habits - pacifier and finger sucking - and as explanatory variables: gender, age, early weaning and socioeconomic status. Early weaning was considered when exclusive breastfeeding was suspended before six months of age. Chisquare test was used to verify association among variables. Significance level adopted was 5%. To check the strength of association, Odds Ratio and 95% confidence intervals were used. Results: Significant association was found between variables age of 4 and 5 years (p = 0.030, OR = 2.193, CI = 1.029; 4.673) and early weaning (p = 0.001, OR = 5.045, CI = 2.087; 12.199) with pacifier sucking habit. Conclusion: Association between age, early weaning and pacifier sucking habits was observed. Early weaning can be considered a risk factor for pacifier sucking habit.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Aleitamento Materno , Comportamento Alimentar , Sucção de Dedo , Chupetas , Desmame , Brasil , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Invest Educ Enferm ; 33(2): 343-54, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26535855

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of life of children and adolescents with cancer of studies that applied the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 3.0 Cancer Module. METHODOLOGY: The study was carried out on the basis of data Scopus Web of Science, BIREME, EBSCO host and Psychoinfo of articles in Spanish, English and Portuguese, and published from 1998 to 2013 that used the Pediatric Quality of life Inventory 3.0 Cancer Module. RESULTS: 21 articles were selected, of which 47.6% were carried out in America, and 61.9% of editions comprehended from 2011 to 2013. The scores variation by dimensions and in general was probably related for the selection of comparison groups, as the diversity of inclusion criteria and variants may be observed for the analysis in each study. The existence of a standard dimension could not be verified either for children ́s /adolescents reports or for parents. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that the scores averages by dimensions in general have not achieved values below 30 and the largest scores by dimension are above 80. It is suggested that the treatment anxiety dimension in children ́s and adolescents ́s reports may have obtained the largest scores within each study, that is lesser than the difficulty of the children and adolescents in face of the treatment and cancer. Nursing becomes a constant presence in the life of children and adolescents with cancer and it may provide a better quality of life for developing nursing activities and the team may demistify, clarify and help in all phases of the illness and treatment.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Neoplasias/enfermagem , Neoplasias/patologia , Pais , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 33(2): 343-354, May-Aug. 2015. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-760935

RESUMO

Objetivo. Evaluar la calidad de vida de los niños y adolescentes a quienes se aplicó la escala Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 3.0 Cancer Module. Metodología. Se hizo búsqueda en las bases de datos Scopus, Web of Science, BIREME, EBSCO host y PsycoInfo de los artículos en español, inglés o portugués publicados entre 1998 a 2013 que utilizaron la escala. Resultados. Se seleccionaron 21 artículos, de los cuales el 47.6% se realizó en América y un 61.9% se publicó en el período 2011-2013. El rango de puntuaciones para las dimensiones, en general, fue probablemente relacionado con la selección de los grupos de comparación porque se pueden observar la diversidad de los criterios de inclusión y variables para el análisis en cada estudio. No se puede comprobar la existencia de un patrón de una dimensión presente en las puntuaciones más pequeñas o más grandes en relación a otras dimensiones en la información de los niños / adolescentes o en la de los familiares. Conclusión. De lo anterior se desprende que las puntuaciones medias de las dimensiones globales no llegaron a valores por debajo de 30, y mayores puntuaciones por dimensiones están por encima de 80. La enfermera, quien se convierte en presencia constante en la vida de niños y adolescentes con cáncer, puede proporcionar una mejor calidad de vida. Por lo tanto, el desarrollo de las actividades de enfermería y del el equipo puede llevar a desmitificar, clarificar y ayudar a abordar todas las fases del proceso de la enfermedad y del tratamiento.


Objetivo. Evaluar la calidad de vida de los niños y adolescentes a quienes se aplicó la escala Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 3.0 Cancer Module. Metodología. Se hizo búsqueda en las bases de datos Scopus, Web of Science, BIREME, EBSCO host y PsycoInfo de los artículos en español, inglés o portugués publicados entre 1998 a 2013 que utilizaron la escala. Resultados. Se seleccionaron 21 artículos, de los cuales el 47.6% se realizó en América y un 61.9% se publicó en el período 2011-2013. El rango de puntuaciones para las dimensiones, en general, fue probablemente relacionado con la selección de los grupos de comparación porque se pueden observar la diversidad de los criterios de inclusión y variables para el análisis en cada estudio. No se puede comprobar la existencia de un patrón de una dimensión presente en las puntuaciones más pequeñas o más grandes en relación a otras dimensiones en la información de los niños / adolescentes o en la de los familiares. Conclusión. De lo anterior se desprende que las puntuaciones medias de las dimensiones globales no llegaron a valores por debajo de 30, y mayores puntuaciones por dimensiones están por encima de 80. La enfermera, quien se convierte en presencia constante en la vida de niños y adolescentes con cáncer, puede proporcionar una mejor calidad de vida. Por lo tanto, el desarrollo de las actividades de enfermería y del el equipo puede llevar a desmitificar, clarificar y ayudar a abordar todas las fases del proceso de la enfermedad y del tratamiento.


Objetivo. Avaliar a qualidade de vida de crianças e adolescentes com câncer de estudos que aplicaram o Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 3.0 Cancer Module. Metodologia. Realizou-se a busca nas bases de dados Scopus, Web of Science, BIREME, EBSCO host y PsycoInfo de artigos em espanhol, inglês e português e publicados entre 1998 a 2013 que utilizararam Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 3.0 Cancer Module. Resultados. Selecionou-se 21 artigos, dos +quais 47,6% foram realizados na América e 61,9% das publicações estavam compreendidas entre os anos de 2011 a 2013. A variação dos escores por dimensões e o geral provavelmente esteve relacionada com a seleção dos grupos de comparação pois, pode-se perceber a diversidade dos critérios de inclusão e das variáveis para a análise em cada estudo. Não se pode verificar a existência de um padrão de uma dimensão apresentar sempre a menor ou o maior escore em relação as outras dimensões nem para o relato das crianças/adolescentes nem o relato dos parentes. Conclusão. Conclui-se que as médias dos escores por dimensões e o geral não alcançaram valores abaixo de 30 e os maiores escores por dimensões estão acima de 80. A enfermagem que se torna presença constante na vida das crianças e adolescentes com câncer pode proporcionar uma melhor qualidade de vida; pois, ao desenvolver as atividades de enfermagem, a equipe pode desmistificar, esclarecer e auxiliar no enfrentamento de todas as fases do processo do adoecimento e do tratamento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Criança , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Rev. dor ; 16(2): 119-123, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-752095

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dental pain is a major reason for looking for dental services. Toothache may prevent or impair daily activities, such as working, having fun or socializing. This study aimed at evaluating dental pain prevalence in the last six months, among employees of the Teaching Hospital, Vitoria, ES. METHODS: This was an analytical, observational cross-sectional study. Data were collected by six trained interviewers by means of standardized interviews filling a questionnaire previously used by other studies about toothache among employees of the state of Espirito Santo, which included demographic and social information, as well as toothache report, type of pain (spontaneous or induced), use of dental services and employment bond. Confidence level of 95%, error of 5% and expected prevalence of 50% were used for sample calculation. Final sample was made up of 265 employees. The association between studied variables and dental pain prevalence was observed using Pearson Chi-square test with significance level of 5%. Odds Ratio and respective confidence intervals (CI- 95%) were estimated for statistically significant variables. RESULTS: Dental pain prevalence was 65.7%. Employees with up to 39 years of age (p=0.004, OR=2.081 CI 95%=1.226; 3.530), of economic classes C and D (p=0.007, OR=1.968 CI 95%=1.173; 3.30) and those receiving up to three minimum wages have reported higher dental pain prevalence (p=0.000, OR=2.829 CI=1.611; 4.967). CONCLUSION: There has been high dental pain prevalence among employees. Strategies to decrease such event should be implemented aiming at improving quality of life of such employees. .


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A dor de origem dental é um dos principais motivos da utilização de serviços odontológicos. A dor de dente pode impedir ou dificultar atividades diárias, tais como trabalhar, se divertir e se relacionar com outras pessoas. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a prevalência de dor de origem dental nos últimos seis meses em funcionários do Hospital Universitário, Vitória, ES. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo analítico, do tipo observacional com delineamento transversal. Seis entrevistadores treinados coletaram os dados pelo método de entrevista padronizada preenchendo um questionário previamente utilizado em outros estudos sobre dor de dente em trabalhadores capixabas que incluía informações demográficas e sociais dos participantes, bem como o relato de dor de dente, tipo de dor (espontânea ou provocada), utilização de serviços odontológicos e tipo de vínculo empregatício. Para o cálculo amostral, os parâmetros utilizados foram nível de confiança de 95%, erro de 5% e prevalência esperada de 50%. A amostra final foi de 265 funcionários. A associação entre as variáveis do estudo e a prevalência de dor de dente foi verificada por meio do teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson com nível de significância de 5%. Estimaram-se os valores do Odds Ratio e respectivos intervalos de confiança (IC-95%) para as variáveis com significância estatística. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de dor de origem dental foi de 65,7%. Funcionários com até 39 anos (p=0,004, OR=2,081 IC95%=1,226;3,530), inseridos nas classes econômicas C e D, (p=0,007, OR=1,968 IC 95%=1,173;3,30) e aqueles que recebiam até 3 salários mínimos relataram maior prevalência de dor de origem dental (p=0,000, OR=2,829 IC=1,611;4,967). CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se alta prevalência de dor de dente em funcionários. Estratégias direcionadas à redução do evento devem ser implementadas com vistas à melhora da qualidade de vida desses trabalhadores. .

17.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-796350

RESUMO

To evaluate the prevalence of posterior cross bite and the possible association with deleterious oral habits in 3-5-year-old children from Vitória, Espírito Santo,Brazil.Material and Methods:This retrospective observational study with a longitudinal design used as parameters for sample calculation prevalence of 35%, confidence level of 95% and error of 5%. The final random sample included 903 children, proportionally distributed according to the number of children enrolled per school. Thus, the representative sample of 9,829 children enrolled in public schools of Vitória was guaranteed. A questionnaire with six open and eighteen closed items was used to collect data on socioeconomic status, age, sex and deleterious habits. Clinical exams were carried out by trained examiners (Kappa 0.86) for posterior cross bite diagnosis. The association between variables was verified by the Chi-Square Test and Fisher Exact Test. Odds Ratio evaluated the association strength. This research was approved by the UFES Ethics Research Committee.Results:The prevalence of cross bite was of 16.2% and children that used pacifier were two times more likely to develop posterior cross bite (OR = 1.775; CI 95% = 1.242; 2.537).Conclusion:The prevalence of posterior cross bite was expressive, and thumb sucking and pacifier use were considered risk factors. Association was verified with the habit of using pacifier, increasing twice the likelihood of presenting malocclusion and posterior cross bite...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Hábitos , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Brasil , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Arq. odontol ; 51(03): 138-144, 2015. tab
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia, LILACS | ID: biblio-850200

RESUMO

Objetivo: Avaliar o conhecimento do acadêmico de Odontologia sobre maus-tratos infantis. Material e Métodos: O estudo é descritivo transversal com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi constituída por 100 acadêmicos do 5º ao 9º período do curso de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo. O critério de inclusão era estar devidamente matriculados no segundo semestre de 2010. Os dados foram coletados utilizando um questionário autogerenciado, previamente validado, contendo questões abertas e fechadas referentes ao tema de maus-tratos infantis. A análise descritiva foi realizada por frequência absoluta e relativa. Resultados: Embora 74% dos acadêmicos afirma que a conduta correta em caso suspeito de maus-tratos seja fazer uma denúncia no Conselho Tutelar ou Delegacia, uma minoria (4%) afirmou que denunciaria a suspeita. Dos acadêmicos, apenas 30% afirmaram que a região de cabeça e pescoço seja a mais afetada nos casos de maus-tratos infantis. Um total de 9,26% dos alunos afirmou que só seria capaz de identificar um caso de maus-tratos se houvesse o relato do paciente. A maior parte dos alunos (74%) afirmou não ter obtido informações sobre maus-tratos infantis no curso de graduação, sendo que (96%) considera importante obter este conhecimento e (94%) relata desejo de conhecer melhor este tema. Conclusão: A maioria dos acadêmicos de Odontologia apresentou conhecimento deficiente sobre maus-tratos infantis. Faz-se necessário uma melhor abordagem do assunto durante a formação acadêmica do curso de odontologia, para obter um profissional melhor preparado para uma condução adequada em casos suspeitos de maus-tratos infantis.Descritores: Maus-tratos infantis. Violência. Odontologia.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Odontologia , Violência , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais
19.
Cien Saude Colet ; 19(9): 3931-40, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25184598

RESUMO

The scope of this article is to verify the prevalence of the impact produced by oral health conditions on the quality of life of civil servants and the possible association with social and demographic variables, utilization of dental services, dental pain and the need for prosthetics. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess a random sample of 286 public employees. Data was collected using four questionnaires including the Oral Health Impact Profile. The association between the variables was measured using Fisher's Exact Test; the Odds Ratio evaluated the strength of association between impact and exposure. Logistic regression models were adjusted for each dimension. Ninety-three individuals (32.5%) declared impacts. The main impact prediction was associated with age, social and economic status, education, the use of dental services, the need for prosthetics and dental pain. A considerable number of individuals declared an impact on quality of life due to oral conditions.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Boca/complicações , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Prevalência , Setor Público , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 19(9): 3931-3940, 09/2014. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-720574

RESUMO

O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a prevalência de impactos produzidos por condições bucais na qualidade de vida de funcionários públicos e possível associação com variáveis sociodemográficas, utilização de serviços odontológicos, dor dentária e necessidade de prótese. Este estudo transversal avaliou uma amostra de 286 funcionários. Foram utilizados quatro roteiros para a coleta de dados incluindo o Oral Health Impact Profile . A associação entre as variáveis foi verificada pelo teste exato de Fisher; o Odds Ratio avaliou a magnitude da associação entre o desfecho e a exposição. Foram ajustados modelos de regressão logística para cada dimensão. O número de indivíduos que declararam impacto foi de 93 (32,5%). A maior predição de impacto esteve associada à idade, condição socioeconômica, escolaridade, utilização de serviço odontológico, necessidade de prótese e dor de dente. Grande número de indivíduos declararam impacto na qualidade de vida devido a problemas bucais.


The scope of this article is to verify the prevalence of the impact produced by oral health conditions on the quality of life of civil servants and the possible association with social and demographic variables, utilization of dental services, dental pain and the need for prosthetics. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess a random sample of 286 public employees. Data was collected using four questionnaires including the Oral Health Impact Profile. The association between the variables was measured using Fisher's Exact Test; the Odds Ratio evaluated the strength of association between impact and exposure. Logistic regression models were adjusted for each dimension. Ninety-three individuals (32.5%) declared impacts. The main impact prediction was associated with age, social and economic status, education, the use of dental services, the need for prosthetics and dental pain. A considerable number of individuals declared an impact on quality of life due to oral conditions.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Doenças da Boca , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Doenças da Boca/complicações , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Prevalência , Setor Público , Inquéritos e Questionários
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