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2.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 32(1): 9-18, feb. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-3431

RESUMO

Objetivos. Analizar qué características clínicas y del ECG de la primera valoración de pacientes con dolor torácico no traumático (DNT) se asocian con una clasificación inicial de sospecha de síndrome coronario agudo (SCA) y con el diagnóstico final de SCA, e identificar cuáles resultan sobre o infravaloradas durante la clasificación inicial. Método. Se incluyeron las consultas consecutivas por DTNT en una unidad de dolor torácico durante 10 años (2008-2017) en las que se disponía de los diagnósticos inicial de sospecha (SCA/no SCA) y final de alta de urgencias (SCA/no SCA). Se incluyeron 33 variables independientes (2 demográficas, 5 comorbilidad cardiovascular, 22 dolor torácico, 4 datos ECG). Se calcularon las odds ratio (OR) para la clasificación (inicial y final) como SCA para cada variable independiente, crudas y ajustadas en modelos globales que incluían todas ellas. En estos modelos ajustados se comparó si las OR para la clasificación inicial y final como SCA eran significativamente diferentes. Resultados. Se incluyeron 34.552 visitas. Las 33 variables analizadas mostraron asociación significativa para la clasificación inicial y final del DTNT como SCA, y en muchos casos esta asociación se mantuvo en el modelo ajustado. Diecinueve variables mostraron OR significativamente diferentes para la sospecha inicial de SCA que para el diagnóstico final de SCA: 10 sobrestimaban la asociación final y 9 la subestimaban. Conclusión. Los datos clínicos iniciales clásicamente utilizados para sospechar SCA pacientes con DTNT en urgencias identifican todos ellos individualmente a pacientes con riesgo incrementado de ser clasificado inicial y finalmente como SCA; sin embargo, algunos de ellos sobreestiman y otros subestiman inicialmente el riesgo final. Los urgenciólogos debieran sensibilizarse más con estos datos subestimados


Objectives. To analyze clinical data and electrocardiographic (ECG) findings obtained during the initial evaluation of patients with nontraumatic chest pain (NTCP). To explore associations between these findings and the initial and final diagnoses of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). To assess which variables initially over- or underestimate risk ACS. Methods. Consecutive patients with NTCP attended in a chest pain unit during the 10-year period of 2008–2017 were included if the suspected and discharge diagnoses of interest (ACS or non-ACS) had been recorded. Thirtythree independent variables (demographic, 2; cardiovascular, 5; chest pain, 22; ECG, 4). We included all variables in models to calculate crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) between each independent variable and the initial and final diagnoses. The adjusted ORs were compared to determine whether the initial and final diagnoses of ACS differed significantly in relation to the variables. Results. A total of 34 552 patient visits were attended. The ORs for the 33 variables were significantly associated with initial and final NTCP classification as ACS or non-ACS, and in many cases the association was confirmed by the adjusted ORs. The adjusted ORs for 19 variables were significantly different in their relation to the initial and final diagnoses of ACS: 10 overpredicted the probability of the diagnosis and 9 underpredicted it. Conclusions. The variables traditionally used to warn of ACS in emergency patients with NTCP identify individuals likely to be initially and finally diagnosed with ACS. However, some of these variables overestimate or underestimate the risk of a final ACS diagnosis. Emergency medicine physicians should be aware of variables associated with underestimation of risk

4.
Emergencias ; 32(1): 9-18, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze clinical data and electrocardiographic (ECG) findings obtained during the initial evaluation of patients with nontraumatic chest pain (NTCP). To explore associations between these findings and the initial and final diagnoses of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). To assess which variables initially over- or underestimate risk ACS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with NTCP attended in a chest pain unit during the 10-year period of 2008-2017 were included if the suspected and discharge diagnoses of interest (ACS or non-ACS) had been recorded. Thirtythree independent variables (demographic, 2; cardiovascular, 5; chest pain, 22; ECG, 4). We included all variables in models to calculate crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) between each independent variable and the initial and final diagnoses. The adjusted ORs were compared to determine whether the initial and final diagnoses of ACS differed significantly in relation to the variables. RESULTS: A total of 34 552 patient visits were attended. The ORs for the 33 variables were significantly associated with initial and final NTCP classification as ACS or non-ACS, and in many cases the association was confirmed by the adjusted ORs. The adjusted ORs for 19 variables were significantly different in their relation to the initial and final diagnoses of ACS: 10 overpredicted the probability of the diagnosis and 9 underpredicted it. CONCLUSION: The variables traditionally used to warn of ACS in emergency patients with NTCP identify individuals likely to be initially and finally diagnosed with ACS. However, some of these variables overestimate or underestimate the risk of a final ACS diagnosis. Emergency medicine physicians should be aware of variables associated with underestimation of risk.

5.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619853579, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31976746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent advances in digital electrocardiography technology allow evaluating ST-segment deviations in all 12 leads as quantitative variables and calculating summed ST-segment deviation scores. The diagnostic and prognostic utility of summed ST-segment deviation scores is largely unknown. METHODS: We aimed to explore the diagnostic and prognostic utility of the conventional and the modified ST-segment deviation score (Better Analysis of ST-segment Elevations and Depressions in a 12- Lead-ECG-Score (BASEL-Score): sum of elevations in the augmented voltage right - lead (aVR) plus absolute, unsigned ST-segment depressions in the remaining leads) in patients presenting with suspected non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The diagnostic endpoint was non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, adjudicated by two independent cardiologists. Prognostic endpoint was mortality during two-year follow up. RESULTS: Among 1330 patients, non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was present in 200 (15%) patients. Diagnostic accuracy for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction as quantified by the area under the receiver-operating-characteristics curve was significantly higher for the BASEL-Score (0.73; 95% confidence interval 0.69-0.77) as compared to the conventional ST-segment deviation score (0.53; 95% confidence interval 0.49-0.57, p<0.001). The BASEL-Score provided additional independent diagnostic value to dichotomous electrocardiogram variables (ST-segment depression, T-inversion, both p<0.001) and to high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (p<0.001) as well as clinical judgment at 90 min (p<0.001). Similarly, only the BASEL-Score proved to be an independent predictor of two year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The modified ST-segment deviation score BASEL-Score focusing on ST-segment elevation in aVR and ST-segment depressions in the remaining leads provides incremental diagnostic and prognostic information.

6.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(6): 377-384, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET2-3122

RESUMO

Objetivo. Analizar la evolución de las características epidemiológicas de las visitas atendidas de forma consecutiva en una unidad de dolor torácico (UDT) de un servicio de urgencias hospitalario (SUH) durante un periodo de 10 años. Método. Se incluyeron todas las visitas por dolor torácico no traumático (DTNT), analizándose la evolución temporal de las características epidemiológicas, de la clasificación diagnóstica inicial (evaluación clínica inicial y electrocardiograma) y final (al alta de la UDT), y los tiempos necesarios para alcanzar las mismas. Resultados. Se incluyeron 34.552 pacientes consecutivos con una edad media 59 (DE: 13) años, el 42% mujeres. Se observó un incrementó en el número anual de visitas a la UDT (p < 0,001), menor afluencia los meses de verano (p < 0,001), y mayor los días laborables (p < 0,001) y de 8-16 horas (p < 0,001). Se comprobó que progresivamente más pacientes eran mujeres (+0,29% anual, p < 0,05), menores de 50 años (+0,92%, p < 0,001), con más factores de riesgo cardiovascular, menos antecedentes de cardiopatía isquémica y con DTNT menos sugestivo de síndrome coronario agudo (SCA). La clasificación diagnóstica inicial y final descartó SCA en un 52,2% y un 80,4% de pacientes, respectivamente, hecho que aumentó progresivamente durante el periodo evaluado (+1,86%, p < 0,001; y +0,56%, p = 0,04; respectivamente). El tiempo de clasificación inicial no se modificó, pero se incrementó el necesario para la clasificación final (p < 0,001), que resultó superior en pacientes con diagnostico final de SCA (p < 0,001). Conclusión. Se observa un mayor uso de la UDT tras su creación, causado por un incremento de pacientes con DTNT de características no típicamente coronarias, disminuyendo el porcentaje de clasificados inicial y finalmente como debidos a SCA


Objective. To analyze changes in the characteristics of consecutively treated patients attended in the chest pain unit of a hospital emergency department over a 10-year period. Methods. All patients presenting with nontraumatic chest pain (NTCP) were included. We analyzed changes over time in epidemiologic characteristics, initial diagnostic classification (on clinical and electrocardiographic evaluation), final diagnosis (on discharge), and time until these diagnoses. Results. A total of 34 552 consecutive patients with a mean (SD) age of 59 (13) years were included; 42% were women. The annual number of visits rose over time. Visits were fewer in summer and more numerous on workdays and between the hours of 8 AM and 4 PM (P<.001, both comparisons). The number of women increased over time (up 0.29% annually, P<.05) as did the number of patients under the age of 50 years (up 0.92% annually, P<.001). With time, patients had fewer cardiovascular risk factors and less often had a history of ischemic heart disease. Fewer cases of NTCP had signs suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). ACS was ruled out at the time of initial and final diagnoses in 52.2% and 80.4%, respectively, and these percentages which rose over the 10-year period by 1.86% (P<.001) and 0.56% (P=.04). Time to initial diagnosis did not change. However, time to final diagnosis did increase (P<.001), and the delay was longer in patients diagnosed with ACS (P<.001). Conclusions. The chest pain unit was more active at the end of the period, in keeping with the increase in patients with NTCP whose characteristics were not typical of coronary disease. The percentages of patients initially and finally diagnosed with ACS decreased with time


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor no Peito/epidemiologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Variância
7.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(6): 407-412, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET2-3128

RESUMO

Objetivo. Identificar el patrón de práctica clínica habitual respecto al tratamiento crónico con sacubitrilo-valsartán (SV) durante los episodios de insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA), sus determinantes y su efecto sobre la evolución. Método. Estudio exploratorio de pacientes con ICA incluidos en el Registro EAHFE-6 en tratamiento crónico con SV. Se recogieron características basales, del episodio y del tratamiento con SV, y se identificaron factores relacionados con la interrupción de SV y su asociación con eventos adversos 180 días postevento índice (mortalidad por cualquier causa) y postalta (reconsulta a urgencias u hospitalización por ICA, muerte o evento combinado). Resultados. Se incluyeron 50 pacientes (mediana desde inicio de SV: 81 días; RIC: 43-284) y SV se interrumpió en 19 casos (38%; 5 en urgencias, 14 en hospitalización). Se identificó un motivo de retirada en 16 casos (4 por insuficiencia renal; y 3 por hipotensión arterial, hiperpotasemia, debilidad/mareo y empeoramiento de ICA, respectivamente). La retirada de SV se asoció con edad avanzada, no estar en tratamiento con betabloqueantes e hiperpotasemia. No hubo diferencias significativas entre grupos en eventos adversos a los 180 días postevento índice o postalta. Conclusión. En los pacientes en tratamiento crónico con SV que presentan ICA, este es suspendido en más de un tercio de casos, si bien ello no se asocia con cambios evolutivos


Objectives. To describe the pattern of care usually given to patients with acute heart failure (AHF) who are taking sacubitril/valsartan (SV) and to explore the effects of care characteristics on clinical outcomes. Methods. Exploratory study of AHF cases in patients taking SV who were included in the register for the Epidemiology of Acute Heart Failure in Emergency Departments during the sixth period of data collection (EAHFE-6). We extracted baseline and episode variables and information related to SV treatment. We also analyzed associations between the discontinuation of SV therapy and adverse events within 180 days (all-cause mortality) and after discharge (emergency revisits, admission for AHF, death from any cause, or a composite event). Results. Fifty patients on SV were included. The median time on SV therapy was 81 days (interquartile range, 43-284 days). SV was discontinued in 19 cases (38%; 5 in the emergency department and 14 on the ward). Sixteen records specified the reason for discontinuing SV: renal insufficiency, 4 cases; arterial hypotension, 3; weakness/dizziness, 3; and exacerbated AHF, 3. SV discontinuation was associated with older age, absence of treatment with a betablocker, and hyperkalemia. The EAHFE-6 cases did not reveal significant differences related to SV discontinuation with respect to the rates of adverse events within 180 days or on discharge after the index event. Conclusions. Long-term SV therapy is discontinued in over a third of patients who present with exacerbated AHF even though no association with clinical outcomes could be identified


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Hospitalização , Valsartana/uso terapêutico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Hiperpotassemia/tratamento farmacológico
8.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701683

RESUMO

AIM: To illustrate the pre-hospital management arsenals and protocols in different EMS units, and to estimate the perceived difficulty of diagnosing suspected acute heart failure (AHF) compared with other common pre-hospital conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: A multinational survey included 104 emergency medical service (EMS) regions from 18 countries. Diagnostic and therapeutic arsenals related to AHF management were reported for each type of EMS unit. The prevalence and contents of management protocols for common medical conditions treated pre-hospitally was collected. The perceived difficulty of diagnosing AHF and other medical conditions by emergency medical dispatchers and EMS personnel was interrogated. Ultrasound devices and point-of-care testing were available in advanced life support and helicopter EMS units in fewer than 25% of EMS regions. AHF protocols were present in 80.8% of regions. Protocols for ST-elevation myocardial infarction, chest pain, and dyspnoea were present in 95.2, 80.8, and 76.0% of EMS regions, respectively. Protocolized diagnostic actions for AHF management included 12-lead electrocardiogram (92.1% of regions), ultrasound examination (16.0%), and point-of-care testings for troponin and BNP (6.0 and 3.5%). Therapeutic actions included supplementary oxygen (93.2%), non-invasive ventilation (80.7%), intravenous furosemide, opiates, nitroglycerine (69.0, 68.6, and 57.0%), and intubation 71.5%. Diagnosing suspected AHF was considered easy to moderate by EMS personnel and moderate to difficult by emergency medical dispatchers (without significant differences between de novo and decompensated heart failure). In both settings, diagnosis of suspected AHF was considered easier than pulmonary embolism and more difficult than ST-elevation myocardial infarction, asthma, and stroke. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of AHF protocols is rather high but the contents seem to vary. Difficulty of diagnosing suspected AHF seems to be moderate compared with other pre-hospital conditions.

9.
Emergencias ; 31(6): 377-384, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze changes in the characteristics of consecutively treated patients attended in the chest pain unit of a hospital emergency department over a 10-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients presenting with nontraumatic chest pain (NTCP) were included. We analyzed changes over time in epidemiologic characteristics, initial diagnostic classification (on clinical and electrocardiographic evaluation), final diagnosis (on discharge), and time until these diagnoses. RESULTS: A total of 34 552 consecutive patients with a mean (SD) age of 59 (13) years were included; 42% were women. The annual number of visits rose over time. Visits were fewer in summer and more numerous on workdays and between the hours of 8 AM and 4 PM (P<.001, both comparisons). The number of women increased over time (up 0.29% annually, P<.05) as did the number of patients under the age of 50 years (up 0.92% annually, P<.001). With time, patients had fewer cardiovascular risk factors and less often had a history of ischemic heart disease. Fewer cases of NTCP had signs suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). ACS was ruled out at the time of initial and final diagnoses in 52.2% and 80.4%, respectively, and these percentages which rose over the 10-year period by 1.86% (P<.001) and 0.56% (P=.04). Time to initial diagnosis did not change. However, time to final diagnosis did increase (P<.001), and the delay was longer in patients diagnosed with ACS (P<.001). CONCLUSION: The chest pain unit was more active at the end of the period, in keeping with the increase in patients with NTCP whose characteristics were not typical of coronary disease. The percentages of patients initially and finally diagnosed with ACS decreased with time.

10.
Emergencias ; 31(6): 407-412, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the pattern of care usually given to patients with acute heart failure (AHF) who are taking sacubitril/valsartan (SV) and to explore the effects of care characteristics on clinical outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Exploratory study of AHF cases in patients taking SV who were included in the register for the Epidemiology of Acute Heart Failure in Emergency Departments during the sixth period of data collection (EAHFE-6). We extracted baseline and episode variables and information related to SV treatment. We also analyzed associations between the discontinuation of SV therapy and adverse events within 180 days (all-cause mortality) and after discharge (emergency revisits, admission for AHF, death from any cause, or a composite event). RESULTS: . Fifty patients on SV were included. The median time on SV therapy was 81 days (interquartile range, 43-284 days). SV was discontinued in 19 cases (38%; 5 in the emergency department and 14 on the ward). Sixteen records specified the reason for discontinuing SV: renal insufficiency, 4 cases; arterial hypotension, 3; weakness/dizziness, 3; and exacerbated AHF, 3. SV discontinuation was associated with older age, absence of treatment with a betablocker, and hyperkalemia. The EAHFE-6 cases did not reveal significant differences related to SV discontinuation with respect to the rates of adverse events within 180 days or on discharge after the index event. CONCLUSION: Long-term SV therapy is discontinued in over a third of patients who present with exacerbated AHF even though no association with clinical outcomes could be identified.

12.
Clin Chem ; 65(11): 1426-1436, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to validate the clinical performance of the high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I [VITROS® Immunodiagnostic Products hs Troponin I (hs-cTnI-VITROS)] assay. METHODS: We enrolled patients presenting to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Final diagnoses were centrally adjudicated by 2 independent cardiologists considering all clinical information, including cardiac imaging: first, using serial hs-cTnT-Elecsys (primary analysis) and, second, using hs-cTnI-Architect (secondary analysis) measurements in addition to the clinically used (hs)-cTn. hs-cTnI-VITROS was measured at presentation and at 1 h in a blinded fashion. The primary objective was direct comparison of diagnostic accuracy as quantified by the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of hs-cTnI-VITROS vs hs-cTnT-Elecsys and hs-cTnI-Architect, and in a subgroup also hs-cTnI-Centaur and hs-cTnI-Access. Secondary objectives included the derivation and validation of an hs-cTnI-VITROS-0/1-h algorithm. RESULTS: AMI was the adjudicated final diagnosis in 158 of 1231 (13%) patients. At presentation, the AUC for hs-cTnI-VITROS was 0.95 (95% CI, 0.93-0.96); for hs-cTnT-Elecsys, 0.94 (95% CI, 0.92-0.95); and for hs-cTnI-Architect, 0.92 (95% CI, 0.90-0.94). AUCs for hs-cTnI-Centaur and hs-cTnI-Access were 0.95 (95% CI, 0.94-0.97). Applying the derived hs-cTnI-VITROS-0/1-h algorithm (derivation cohort n = 519) to the validation cohort (n = 520), 53% of patients were ruled out [sensitivity, 100% (95% CI, 94.1-100)] and 14% of patients were ruled in [specificity, 95.6% (95% CI, 93.4-97.2)]. Patients ruled out by the 0/1-h algorithm had a survival rate of 99.8% at 30 days. Findings were confirmed in the secondary analyses using the adjudication including serial measurements of hs-cTnI-Architect. CONCLUSIONS: The hs-cTnI-VITROS assay has at least comparable diagnostic accuracy with the currently best validated hs-cTnT and hs-cTnI assays. CLINICALTRIALSGOV IDENTIFIER: NCT00470587.

14.
Emergencias ; 31(5): 318-326, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether chest radiographs can contribute to prognosis in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with AHF were enrolled by the participating emergency departments. Radiographic variables assessed were the presence or absence of evidence of cardiomegaly and pleural effusion and the pulmonary parenchymal pattern observed (vascular redistribution, interstitial edema, and/or alveolar edema). We gathered variables for the AHF episode and the patient's baseline state. Outcomes were in-hospital and 1-year mortality; hospital stay longer than 7 days, and a composite of events within 30 days of discharge (revisit, rehospitalization, and/or death). Crude and adjusted hazard ratios were calculated for the 3 categories of radiographic variables. The variables were also studied in combination. RESULTS: A total of 2703 patients with a mean (SD) age of 81 (19) years were enrolled; 54.5% were women. Cardiomegaly was observed in 1711 cases (76.8%) and pleural effusion in 992 (36.7%). A pulmonary parenchymal pattern was observed in all cases, as follows: vascular redistribution in 1672 (61.9%), interstitial edema in 629 (23.3%) and alveolar edema in 402 (14.9%). The adjusted hazard ratios showed that cardiomegaly lacked prognostic value. However, the presence of pleural effusion was associated with a 23% (95% CI, 2%-49%) higher rate of the 30- day composite outcome; in-hospital mortality was 89% (30%-177%) higher in the presence of alveolar edema, and 1-year mortality was 38% (14%-67%) higher in association with vascular redistribution. The results for the variables in combination were consistent with the results for individual variables. CONCLUSION: A diagnostic chest radiograph can also contribute to the prediction of adverse events. Pleural effusion is associated with a higher rate of events after discharge, and alveolar edema is associated with higher mortality.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662282

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been associated with prolonged survival in older individuals. However, it is unknown whether adherence to MedDiet is associated with the prognosis in older patients scheduled to undergo cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between adherence to the MedDiet and clinical outcomes at 12 months follow-up after CRT implantation in older patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients adherents to the MedDiet, defined as ≥ 9 of 14 points using the PREDIMED (Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet Study) questionnaire, was assessed before device implantation in patient's ≥ 70 years candidates for CRT. The primary outcome was a combined endpoint at 12 months follow-up after CRT implantation, defined as cardiovascular death, cardiac transplantation or decompensated heart failure. The cohort study consisted of 284 patients with a mean age of 73 ± 3 years. One hundred and fifty-nine (55.9%) patients were classified as adherent to the MedDiet. Seventy (24.6%) patients showed the combined endpoint at one year follow-up. Subjects who did not developed the combined endpoint had higher proportion of adherent patients to the MedDiet compared to patients who developed the combined endpoint (85% vs 67.1%, p = 0.002). After adjustment by possible confounders, the adherence to the MedDiet was a protective and significant predictor of the combined endpoint (HR = 0.42, 95% CI 0.22-0.81; p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Adherence to the MedDiet is inversely associated with outcome in older patients following CRT.

17.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 31(5): 318-326, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184121

RESUMO

Objetivos. Investigar si la radiografía de tórax en pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) puede contribuir a establecer el pronóstico. Método. Se incluyeron pacientes consecutivos diagnosticados de ICA en urgencias. Se valoró: cardiomegalia radiológica (CR), derrame pleural (DP) y el patrón parenquimatoso pulmonar (PPP: redistribución vascular, edema intersticial, edema alveolar). Se recogieron variables del estado basal del paciente y del episodio. Las variables de resultado evaluadas fueron mortalidad intrahospitalaria y al año, ingreso prolongado (> 7 días) y evento combinado (reconsulta, rehospitalización o muerte) a 30 días postalta, para las cuales se calcularon las hazard ratio crudas y ajustadas para las tres variables radiológicas y su combinación entre ellas. Resultados. Se incluyeron 2.703 pacientes con una edad media de 81 (DE 19) años; el 54,5% eran mujeres. Se observó CR en 1.711 casos (76,8%), DP en 992 (36,7%) y todos los pacientes mostraron PPP (redistribución vascular el 61,9%, edema intersticial el 23,3% y edema alveolar el 14,9%). El análisis ajustado mostró que la CR no tuvo valor pronóstico; el DP incrementó un 23% (IC 95% 2-49%) los eventos combinados a los 30 días postalta; y el PPP edema alveolar aumentó un 89% (30-177%) la mortalidad intrahospitalaria y un 38% (14-67%) la mortalidad al año respecto al PPP redistribución vascular (referencia). El estudio de la combinación de estos tres hallazgos radiológicos mostró resultados similares y congruentes con los hallazgos del estudio individualizado. Conclusiones. La radiografía de tórax, además de ayudar a establecer el diagnóstico de ICA, puede contribuir a estimar el pronóstico de eventos adversos. Así, el DP se asocia a un incremento de eventos adversos postalta y el PPP edema alveolar a una mayor mortalidad


Objective. To determine whether chest radiographs can contribute to prognosis in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Methods. Consecutive patients with AHF were enrolled by the participating emergency departments. Radiographic variables assessed were the presence or absence of evidence of cardiomegaly and pleural effusion and the pulmonary parenchymal pattern observed (vascular redistribution, interstitial edema, and/or alveolar edema). We gathered variables for the AHF episode and the patient’s baseline state. Outcomes were in-hospital and 1-year mortality; hospital stay longer than 7 days, and a composite of events within 30 days of discharge (revisit, rehospitalization, and/or death). Crude and adjusted hazard ratios were calculated for the 3 categories of radiographic variables. The variables were also studied in combination. Results. A total of 2703 patients with a mean (SD) age of 81 (19) years were enrolled; 54.5% were women. Cardiomegaly was observed in 1711 cases (76.8%) and pleural effusion in 992 (36.7%). A pulmonary parenchymal pattern was observed in all cases, as follows: vascular redistribution in 1672 (61.9%), interstitial edema in 629 (23.3%) and alveolar edema in 402 (14.9%). The adjusted hazard ratios showed that cardiomegaly lacked prognostic value. However, the presence of pleural effusion was associated with a 23% (95% CI, 2%-49%) higher rate of the 30-day composite outcome; in-hospital mortality was 89% (30%-177%) higher in the presence of alveolar edema, and 1-year mortality was 38% (14%-67%) higher in association with vascular redistribution. The results for the variables in combination were consistent with the results for individual variables. Conclusions. A diagnostic chest radiograph can also contribute to the prediction of adverse events. Pleural effusion is associated with a higher rate of events after discharge, and alveolar edema is associated with higher mortality


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Cardiomegalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Edema Pulmonar/complicações , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Derrame Pleural/complicações , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
JACC Heart Fail ; 7(10): 834-845, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether systemic corticosteroids (new onset) administered to patients with acute heart failure (AHF) have any association with outcomes, with differentiated analyses for patients with and without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a comorbidity. BACKGROUND: Patients with undiagnosed dyspnea frequently receive corticosteroids in emergency departments while determining a final diagnosis, but their effect on the outcomes of patients with AHF without overt COPD exacerbation is unknown. METHODS: We selected patients with AHF from the EAHFE (Epidemiology of Acute Heart Failure in the Emergency Departments) registry, recording key data (new-onset corticosteroid therapy, COPD condition). Patients with and without COPD were analyzed separately. We calculated unadjusted and adjusted ratios for corticosteroid-treated compared with corticosteroid-untreated patients for 2 coprimary endpoints: 90-day all-cause mortality (from index episode) and 90-day post-discharge combined endpoint (all-cause mortality or readmission for AHF), with intermediate time-point estimations. Other secondary endpoints were calculated, and some sensitive and stratified analyses were performed. RESULTS: We analyzed 11,356 patients: 8,635 without COPD (841 corticosteroid-treated, 9.7%) and 2,721 with COPD (753 corticosteroid-treated, 27.7%). There were several differences between treated and untreated patients, essentially because corticosteroid-treated patients were sicker. Although unadjusted outcomes were worse in corticosteroid-treated patients, especially in patients without COPD, these differences disappeared after adjustment: hazard ratios for 90-day mortality (without/with COPD) were 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.76 to 1.10)/0.99 (95% CI: 0.78 to 1.26), and 1.09 (95% CI: 0.93 to 1.28)/1.02 (95% CI: 0.86 to 1.21) for the post-discharge combined endpoint. Analyses of intermediate time-point coprimary endpoints and secondary outcomes rendered similar estimations. Sensitivity and stratified analysis did not significantly modify these results. CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence of harm related to the new onset of systemic corticosteroid therapy during an episode of AHF, either in patients with or without concomitant COPD.

19.
Maturitas ; 129: 50-56, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547913

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine functional changes and factors affecting 180-day functional prognosis among older patients attending a hospital emergency department (ED) after a fall. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis from a prospective cohort study (FALL-ER Registry) spanning one year that included individuals aged ≥65 years attending four Spanish EDs after a fall. We collected 9 baseline and 6 fall-related factors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Barthel Index (BI) was measured at baseline, discharge and 30, 90 and 180 days after the index fall. Absolute and relative BI changes were calculated. Absolute difference of ≥10 points between BI at baseline and at 180 days was considered a clinically significant functional decline. RESULTS: 452 patients (mean age 80 ±â€¯8 years; 70.8% women) were included. Baseline BI was 79.3 ±â€¯23.1 points. Compared with baseline, functional status was significantly lower at the 4 follow-up time points (-8.7% at discharge; and -6.9%, -7.9% and -9.5% at 30, 90 and 180 days; p < 0.001 for all comparisons in relation to baseline; p = 0.001 for change over time). One hundred and thirty-three (29.6%) patients had a clinically significant functional decline at 180 days. Age ≥85 years (OR = 2.24, 95%CI 1.23-4.08; p = 0.008), fall-related fracture (OR = 2.45, 95%CI 1.43-4.28; p = 0.001), hospitalization (OR = 1.91; 95%CI 1.11-3.29; p = 0.019) and post-fall syndrome (OR = 1.77, 95%CI 1.13-2.77; p = 0.013) were independently associated with 180-day clinically significant functional decline. CONCLUSION: Patients ≥65 years attending EDs after a fall experience a consistent and persistent negative impact on their functional status. Several factors may help identify patients at increased risk of functional impairment.

20.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(6): 744-754, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients presenting with syncope to the emergency department (ED) is largely unknown. This information, however, is necessary to balance the potential medical benefit or harm of systematic PE screening in patients presenting with syncope to the ED. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the prevalence of PE in patients with syncope. METHODS: Unselected patients presenting with syncope to the ED were prospectively enrolled in a diagnostic multicenter study. Pre-test clinical probability for PE was assessed using the 2-level Wells score and the results of D-dimer testing using age-adapted cutoffs. Presence of PE was evaluated by imaging modalities, when ordered as part of the clinical assessment by the treating ED physician or by long-term follow-up data. RESULTS: Long-term follow-up was complete in 1,380 patients (99%) at 360 days and 1,156 patients (83%) at 720 days. Among 1,397 patients presenting with syncope to the ED, PE was detected at presentation in 19 patients (1.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.87% to 2.11%). The incidence of new PEs or cardiovascular death during 2-year follow-up was 0.9% (95% CI: 0.5% to 1.5%). In the subgroup of patients hospitalized (47%), PE was detected at presentation in 15 patients (2.3%; 95% CI: 1.4% to 3.7%). The incidence of new PEs or cardiovascular death during 2-year follow-up was 0.9% (95% CI: 0.4% to 2.0%). CONCLUSIONS: PE seems to be a rather uncommon cause of syncope among patients presenting to the ED. Therefore, systematic PE-screening in all patients with syncope does not seem warranted. (BAsel Syncope EvaLuation Study [BASEL IX]; NCT01548352).

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