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1.
Mod Pathol ; 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527708

RESUMO

In this review, we focus on the current understanding of the diagnosis of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8)-associated lymphoproliferative disorders-a group of entities that range from hyperplastic proliferations to frank lymphomas. These diseases tend to occur in immunodeficient patients, but may occur in immunocompetent individuals as well. In recent years, we have learned of occasional cases with overlapping features among HHV8 entities, such as lesions intermediate between primary effusion lymphoma and HHV8-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified or cases sharing features of multicentric Castleman disease and germinotropic lymphoproliferative disorder. There is also a significant clinical overlap between these entities. It is important to have a better understanding of the biology of these lesions and to refine diagnostic criteria of these lesions, as the use of immunosuppressive agents to treat a variety of diseases, the expanded use of transplant as a therapeutic modality for a variety of cancers and organ failure patients, and the extended longevity of HIV-positive patients will likely result in an increased incidence of these lymphoproliferative processes in the future.

3.
Aesthet Surg J ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495882

RESUMO

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a T-cell lymphoma characterized by large anaplastic cells with diffuse and uniform CD30 reactivity. Here, we report, a patient with no prior implant history who developed ALK (-) ALCL within the burn cicatrix of a breast. We hypothesize that the chronic inflammation caused by burn injury and the patient's history of immunosuppression second to organ transplantation may have contributed to development of ALCL in this patient. This report supports the essential role of chronic inflammation in the development of ALCL in the breast.

4.
Mod Pathol ; 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383966

RESUMO

Breast implant anaplastic large cell lymphoma is an entity recently recognized by the World Health Organization. The tumor arises around textured-surface breast implants and is usually confined to the surrounding fibrous capsule. Currently, there are no recommendations for handling and sampling of capsules from patients with suspected breast implant anaplastic large cell lymphoma without a grossly identifiable tumor. We analyzed complete capsulectomies without distinct gross lesions from patients with breast implant anaplastic large cell lymphoma. The gross appearance of the capsules as well as the presence, extent and depth of tumor cells on the luminal side and number of sections involved by lymphoma were determined by review of routine stains and CD30 immunohistochemistry. We then used a mathematical model that included the extent of tumor cells and number of positive sections to calculate the minimum number of sections required to identify 95% of randomly distributed lesions. We identified 50 patients with breast implant anaplastic large cell lymphoma who had complete capsulectomies. The implants were textured in all 32 (100%) cases with available information. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma was found in 44/50 (88%) capsules; no tumor was found in six (12%) patients who had lymphoma cells only in the effusion. The median number of sections reviewed was 20 (range, 2-240), the median percentage of sections involved by tumor was 6% (range, 0-90%), and the median percentage of sections involved by lymphoma was 10% (range, 0-90%). Invasion deep into or through the capsule was identified in 18/50 (36%) patients. In patients with breast implant anaplastic large cell lymphoma without a grossly identifiable tumor we identified a spectrum of involvement and we propose a protocol for handling, sampling and reporting these cases. The number of sections to exclude the presence of lymphoma with more than 95% certainty was supported by a mathematic rationale.

5.
Mod Pathol ; 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383967

RESUMO

The programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) pathway is a recently recognized mechanism of tumor immune evasion. In this study, programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression was evaluated in 95 patients with systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma: 45 ALK+ and 50 ALK-. ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma was more often positive for PD-L1 than ALK- anaplastic large cell lymphoma (76% vs 42%, p = 0.002). ALK- anaplastic large cell lymphoma showed a strong correlation between PD-L1 expression and STAT3 activation (measured by pSTAT3Tyr705) (r = 0.8, p < 0.0001). In contrast, the PD-L1/pSTAT3 correlation was weaker in ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma (r = 0.4, p = 0.08). In ALK- anaplastic large cell lymphoma, the PD-L1+ subgroup was more often EMA positive (69% vs 20%, p = 0.02) and tended to be less often CD2+ (50% vs 83%, p = 0.059). In ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma, PD-L1 was not associated with pathologic features (all p > 0.05). Negative ALK status and high IPI score (≥3) were associated with shorter overall survival (p = 0.009 and p = 0.0005, respectively). Overall survival was not different between patients with PD-L1+ vs PD-L1- anaplastic large cell lymphoma (p = 0.44), regardless of ALK status and International Prognostic Index (IPI) score. We conclude that PD-L1 expression is more common in ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma than ALK- anaplastic large cell lymphoma. In ALK- anaplastic large cell lymphoma, PD-L1 is strongly correlated with STAT3 activation and is associated with more frequent EMA and less frequent CD2 expression. PD-L1 has no prognostic significance in predicting the outcome of patients with systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma, regardless of ALK status. PD-L1 expression on the anaplastic large cell lymphoma cells suggests these patients as potential candidates for PD-1 blockade immunotherapy.

6.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of arterial hypertension based on measurements of blood pressure in the office has low accuracy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of masked hypertension (MH) and white-coat hypertension through home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) in pre-hypertensive and stage 1 hypertensive patients. METHOD: Retrospective study, of which sample consisted of individuals with BP ≥ 120/80 mmHg and < 160/100 mmHg at the medical office without the use of antihypertensive medication and who underwent exams on the HBPM platform by telemedicine (TeleMRPA) between May 2017 and September 2018. The four-day MRPA protocol was used, with 24 measurements, using automated, validated, calibrated equipment with a memory function. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 1,273 participants, of which 739 (58.1%) were women. The mean age was 52.4 ± 14.9 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 28.4 ± 5.1 kg/m2. The casual BP was higher than the HBPM in 7.6 mmHg for systolic blood pressure (SBP) and 5.2 mmHg for diastolic blood pressure (DBP), both with statistical significance (p < 0.001). There were 558 (43.8%) normotensive individuals; 291 (22.9%) with sustained hypertension; 145 (11.4%) with MH and 279 (21.9%) with white-coat hypertension (WCH), with a diagnostic error by casual BP in the total sample in 424 (33.3%) patients. In stage 1 hypertensive individuals, the prevalence of WCH was 48.9%; in prehypertensive patients, the prevalence of MH was 20.6%. CONCLUSION: MH and WCH have a high prevalence rate in the adult population; however, in prehypertensive or stage 1 hypertensive patients, the prevalence is higher. Out-of-office BP measurements in these subgroups should be performed whenever possible to prevent misdiagnosis.

7.
Hypertens Res ; 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31263210

RESUMO

The values used to define the presence of white-coat or masked blood pressure (BP) effects are arbitrary. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of several cutoff points based on the difference between office and home BP (ΔBP) values to detect white-coat uncontrolled (WUCH) and masked uncontrolled (MUCH) hypertension, which are phenotypes with adverse prognoses, in a large cohort of treated hypertensive patients. This multicenter cross-sectional study included 6,049 treated hypertensive patients (40% males, mean age 59.1 ± 14.4 years) who underwent office and home BP monitoring. We compared the sensitivity, specificity, area under curve (AUC), and positive (PPV) and negative (NPV) predictive values of several ΔBP cutoffs to detect WUCH and MUCH. The 15/9 mmHg cutoff, which reflects a 1.0 standard deviation of the ΔBP, showed the best AUC (0.783, 95% CI = 0.772-0.794) for the detection of WUCH, particularly in individuals with office grade 1 hypertension (AUC = 0.811, 95% CI = 0.793-0.829). The -1/-1 mmHg cutoff, which considers all individuals who had lower systolic or diastolic BP levels in the office than at home, had the highest AUC (0.822, 95% CI = 0.808-0.836) for the detection of MUCH. Both cutoff values also had the best performances for identifying all patients with higher and lower office-than-home BP grades. In conclusion, the 15/9 and -1/-1 mmHg cutoffs showed the best performance for the detection of treated hypertensive patients with WUCH and MUCH, respectively, and therefore might be markers of significant white-coat and masked effects and could be useful for identifying preferential targets for more routine home BP measures.

8.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 43(10): 1429-1437, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261288

RESUMO

The diagnosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) has been based on the expression status of multiple markers, including CD123. TCF4 was discovered recently to be an obligatory master regulator of plasmacytoid dendritic cells. We postulated that a tissue-based assay designed to detect dual CD123 and TCF4 expression would provide a highly reliable and practical marker for BPDCN in biopsy material. We designed, optimized, and validated a dual-color TCF4/CD123 immunohistochemistry stain for use in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections. The performance characteristics of the TCF4/CD123 stain were evaluated in 48 confirmed BPDCN cases. TCF4/CD123 coexpression was detected reproducibly in plasmacytoid dendritic cells. In BPDCN, the TCF4/CD123 stain showed coexpression in all (48/48; 100%) cases analyzed. Cases with concurrent samples from different anatomic sites showed comparable staining characteristics. In contrast, of 464 non-BPDCN cases comprising a wide range of hematolymphoid neoplasms and cutaneous lesions that might enter in the differential diagnosis of BPDCN, we identified dual expression of TCF4 and CD123 in only 1 case of B-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma. On the basis of these findings, the TCF4/CD123 dual-color immunohistochemical stain had an analytic sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 99.8%. Receiver operator characteristic analysis demonstrated an area under the curve of 1.000 (95% confidence interval: 0.999-1.000). In summary, the dual-color TCF4/CD123 immunohistochemistry stain provides a robust standalone and cost-effective assay for the diagnosis of BPDCN.

10.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(5): 649-705, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31188969
11.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 43(10): 1421-1428, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219818

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) rarely involves the skin and the histologic and immunohistochemical features of this neoplasm at this site are under described. In this study, we report 37 skin specimens involved by MCL, representing 1.4% of total MCL biopsy specimens in our institution. The median age at time of skin involvement was 66 years (range, 36 to 85 y) and there was a male predilection of 2.7 to 1. The most frequently involved site was the skin of extremities, in 59.3% of patients, and 30 (81.1%) patients had advanced stage (III/IV) disease. Eleven (29.7%) patients presented with skin lesions as the first manifestation of MCL and 26 (70.3%) patients presented as relapse or progression of previously documented MCL and despite therapy for systemic MCL. Multiple skin lesions were more common (81.8%) in the former group whereas a solitary skin lesion was more frequent (65.4%) in the relapse/progression group (P=0.01). Thirty (81.1%) patients had skin nodules. Microscopically, the epidermis was spared with a grenz zone in all cases. A diffuse pattern of involvement was the most common architectural pattern (66.7%). In 27 (72.9%) patients, the MCL was either blastoid or pleomorphic variant, in 9 (24.3%) patients classic variant, and the disease was not further classified in 1 (2.7%) patient. The Ki-67 proliferation rate was higher in aggressive variants as compared with classic variant MCL (median 90% vs. 20%, P <0.01). In patients who presented skin lesions as a manifestation of disease relapse or progression, 16 patients initially had classic variant MCL and in 10 of the patients the MCL evolved over time (median interval: 4.1 y) to an aggressive variant at progression or relapse. The overall survival of patients with aggressive variant MCH was inferior to that of patients with classic variant MCL (median: 59 vs. 155.8 mo, P<0.05). In summary, MCL rarely involves the skin and correlates with relapse or progression of disease, aggressive morphologic features, and a poorer prognosis.

12.
Hum Pathol ; 89: 71-80, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054894

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is usually CD23 negative, a feature helpful in distinguishing MCL from chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. However, a subset of MCL cases can be CD23+. Limited data are available regarding the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with CD23+ MCL. In this study, we reviewed 798 cases of MCL and identified 103 (13%) that were CD23+ by flow cytometry, all of which were positive for cyclin D1 and/or associated with CCND1/IGH. In all cases of CD23+ MCL, CD23 expression was dim partial or dim, unlike moderate to bright CD23 expression observed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. The clinicopathological features and outcome of patients with CD23+ MCL were compared with 240 patients with typical MCL negative for CD23. Patients with CD23+ MCL more often had an elevated leukocyte count (33% versus 18%, P = .009), bone marrow involvement (89% versus 78%, P = .02), stage 4 disease (87% versus 77%, P = .03), and a leukemic presentation (42% versus 11%, P = .0001). CD23+ MCL was also more often positive for CD200 (17% versus. 4.6%, P = .0005) and less commonly positive for SOX11 (55% versus. 74%, P = .027). All other clinicopathological features were similar. With similar treatment regimens and observation times, patients with CD23+ MCL had a significant better overall survival (P = .02) and progression-free survival (P = .029). In conclusion, CD23 expression was observed in 13% of MCL cases and is associated with a better prognosis in patients with MCL. CD23 is associated with leukocytosis, a leukemic presentation, bone marrow involvement, CD200 expression, and a lower frequency of SOX11 positivity.

14.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-9, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017498

RESUMO

Lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) following myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MDS/MPN) is very rare. We report five cases: four had ALL diagnosed after MDS or MDS/MPN and one had ALL and MDS diagnosed simultaneously. At the onset of ALL, all patients showed co-existing MDS or MDS/MPN. Map-back FISH was performed in four patients, showing that ALL and MDS were cytogenetically related in two patients and unrelated in the other two patients. All five patients were treated with ALL-based chemotherapies, two patients with ALL clonally related to MDS were refractory to the therapies, whereas the other three patients achieved remission. We conclude that ALL developed after MDS is extremely rare. In some patients, ALL is clonally related to MDS and these patients may be refractory to ALL-based chemotherapies. In other patients who have no evidence of clonal relation between ALL and MDS, these patients more likely respond to ALL-based treatment regimens.

15.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 10(4): 830-837, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981671

RESUMO

Hard tick diversity was determined along the Oleoducto trail (OT), Soberania National Park, from February 2013 to September 2014. Ticks were surveyed at four sites of 500 m2 each and with increasing forest cover gradient and decreasing disturbance. Tick collections were made by dragging and flagging vegetation, and traps and mist nets were used to capture mammals and birds. Animals confiscated from poachers were also examined. To obtain information about potential hosts along the trail, 20 camera traps were used. 1536 ticks were collected, representing 20 species; of these, 1089 were questing ticks (10 species) collected on flags. We examined 143 birds (30 species) and 59 mammals (10 species), of which 40 birds and 36 mammals had ticks. Site 1 presented the lowest number of species and also the lowest number of potential hosts. Artiodactyls were the most frequent mammals photographed in camera traps, and ticks that parasitize these animals were among the most abundant in sites 2-4. Of these, Haemaphysalis juxtakochi was the most abundant species. Differences among sites were consistent with the gradient of forest cover, disturbance along OT and distribution of potential hosts.


Assuntos
Ixodidae/classificação , Mamíferos/parasitologia , Parques Recreativos , Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária , Animais , Aves/parasitologia , Larva , Panamá , Densidade Demográfica , Floresta Úmida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Infestações por Carrapato/epidemiologia
16.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(3S A Review of Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma): 7S-14S, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817551

RESUMO

The first case of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (breast implant ALCL) was described by John Keech and the late Brevator Creech in 1997. In the following 2 decades, much research has led to acceptance of breast implant ALCL as a specific clinicopathologic entity, a process that we bring up to life through the memories of 6 persons who were involved in this progress, although we acknowledge that many others also have contributed to the current state of the art of this disease. Dr. Keech recalls the events that led him and Creech to first report the disease. Ahmet Dogan and colleagues at the Mayo Clinic described a series of 4 patients with breast implant ALCL, and led to increased awareness of breast implant ALCL in the pathology community. Daphne de Jong and colleagues in the Netherlands were the first to provide epidemiologic evidence to support the association between breast implants and ALCL. Garry Brody was one of the first investigators to collect a large number of patients with the disease, present the spectrum of clinical findings, and alert the community of plastic surgeons. Roberto Miranda and L. Jeffrey Medeiros and colleagues studied the pathologic findings of a large number of cases of breast implant ALCL, and published the findings in 2 impactful studies in the medical oncology literature. The recognition and acceptance of this disease by surgeons, epidemiologists, and medical oncologists, working together, has led to subsequent studies on the pathogenesis and optimal therapy of this disease.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Implantes de Mama/história , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/etiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/história , Adulto , Implante Mamário/efeitos adversos , Implante Mamário/história , Implante Mamário/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/história , Feminino , Saúde Global , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Papel do Médico
17.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(3S A Review of Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma): 41S-50S, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) most commonly follows an indolent course; however, a subset of patients display more advanced disease marked by recurrent and disseminated growth refractory to treatment. This study evaluated outcomes of advanced disease, specifically bilateral disease, lymph node involvement, organ metastasis, and/or disease-related death. METHODS: Published cases of BIA-ALCL from 1997 to 2018 and unpublished cases at the authors' institution were retrospectively reviewed, and patients with advanced disease were selected. Treatment and outcomes were compared against a control of BIA-ALCL subjects without advanced disease. RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients with advanced BIA-ALCL were identified who had bilateral disease (n = 7), lymph node and organ metastasis (stage IIB-IV, n = 24), and disease-related death (n = 8). Sixty-five patients were included in a comparison control group (stage 1A-1C). Treatment types for advanced disease patients were complete surgery, n = 16 (55.2%); limited surgery, n = 19 (65.5%); chemotherapy, n = 26 (89.7%); salvage chemotherapy, n = 11 (37.9%); radiation, n = 15 (51.7%); and autologous stem cell transplant, n = 6 (20.7%). The rates of complete remission for the bilateral and lymphadenopathy groups were 4 of 7 (57%, P < 0.001) and 16 of 24 (67%, P = 0.128), respectively. Compared with the control group, advanced disease patients had significantly longer time from diagnosis to definitive surgery (21 versus 8 months, P = 0.039) and a lower rate of complete surgery (59% versus 88%, P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Advanced disease BIA-ALCL may be a consequence of a delay or suboptimal treatment of BIA-ALCL. Optimal adjuvant chemotherapy and indications for radiation for BIA-ALCL patients with advanced features are not yet clearly defined. Advanced disease is the end of the spectrum of cancer stages, and these patients substantiate the World Health Organization classification of BIA-ALCL as a lymphoma rather than benign or lymphoproliferative.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/etiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Implante Mamário/efeitos adversos , Implante Mamário/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Combinada , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(3S A Review of Breast Implant-Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma): 51S-58S, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30817556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standard of care treatment of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) involves surgical resection with implant removal and complete capsulectomy. We report a case series of BIA-ALCL reconstruction with proposals for timing and technique selection. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed and prospectively enrolled all BIA-ALCL patients at 2 tertiary care centers and 1 private plastic surgery practice from 1998 to 2017. Demographics, treatment, reconstruction, pathology staging, patient satisfaction, and oncologic outcomes were reviewed. RESULTS: We treated 66 consecutive BIA-ALCL patients and 18 (27%) received reconstruction. Seven patients (39%) received immediate reconstruction, and 11 (61%) received delayed reconstruction. Disease stage at presentation was IA (T1N0M0 disease confined to effusion or a layer on luminal side of capsule with no lymph node involvement and no distant spread) in 56%, IB in 17%, IC (T3N0M0 cell aggregates or sheets infiltrating the capsule, no lymph node involvement and no distant spread) in 6%, IIA (T4N0M0 lymphoma infiltrating beyond the capsule, no lymph node involvement and no distant spread) in 11%, and III in 11%. Types of reconstruction included smooth implants (72%), immediate mastopexy (11%), autologous flaps (11%), and fat grafting (6%). Outcomes included no surgical complications, but 1 patient progressed to widespread bone metastasis (6%); ultimately, all patients achieved complete remission. Ninety-four percent were satisfied/highly satisfied with reconstructions, whereas 6% were highly unsatisfied with immediate smooth implants. CONCLUSIONS: Breast reconstruction following BIA-ALCL management can be performed with acceptable complications if complete surgical ablation is possible. Immediate reconstruction is reserved for disease confined to capsule on preoperative positive emission tomography/computed tomography scan. Genetic predisposition and bilateral cases suggest that BIA-ALCL patients should not receive textured implants. Autologous options are preferable for implant adverse BIA-ALCL patients. Patients with extensive disease at presentation should be considered for 6- to 12-month delayed reconstruction with interval positive emission tomography/computed tomography evaluation.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/etiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Implante Mamário/efeitos adversos , Implante Mamário/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Remoção de Dispositivo/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/patologia , Mastectomia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Aesthet Surg J ; 39(10): 1065-1070, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30715139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is an uncommon T-cell lymphoma associated with textured-surface breast implants. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) polymorphisms have been described with other forms of lymphoma, but have not been described for BIA-ALCL. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate HLA polymorphisms in BIA-ALCL patients. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated HLA alleles in patients with BIA-ALCL. HLA was analyzed by probe-based sequence-specific testing and sequence-based typing. The frequencies of HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-DRB1, and HLA-DQB1 alleles were evaluated. Allele frequencies in the Caucasian European general population were obtained from the National Marrow Donor Program to serve as normative controls. We estimated the relative risk of BIA-ALCL with 95% confidence intervals from a t test. RESULTS: Thirteen patients who had undergone BIA-ALCL and HLA testing were identified from 2017 to 2018. Patients carried 10, 11, and 9 HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C alleles, respectively. There were 8 DRB1 alleles and 5 DQB1 alleles in the BIA-ALCL patients. The A*26 allele occurred significantly more frequently in the general population compared with BIA-ALCL patients (0.2992 vs 0.07692, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results identify a difference between HLA A*26 in patients who develop BIA-ALCL and the general population, and may signify genetic susceptibility factors responsible for germline genetic variation in HLA in patients with BIA-ALCL. Further work is needed to elucidate if these alleles are predictive for BIA-ALCL in women with textured-surface breast implants.Level of Evidence: 4.

20.
Aesthet Surg J ; 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30789639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is an uncommon type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma occurring in the fluid or capsule adjacent to textured breast implants. Diagnosis of BIA-ALCL of symptomatic patients requires demonstration of large anaplastic cells with uniform expression of CD30 protein on immunohistochemistry. OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated a novel, rapid, office-based, and economic in-situ enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for screening BIA-ALCL patients. METHODS: A commercially available in-situ ELISA was standardized and validated for patients with confirmed BIA-ALCL diagnosis with clinical isolates. A panel of 9 pathologically confirmed BIA-ALCL patients was screened by serum, plasma, and periprosthetic effusion specimens and compared against serum, plasma, and nonneoplastic delayed seromas in 7 control patients. Statistical analysis demonstrated assay consistency and reliability. RESULTS: All BIA-ALCL effusions demonstrated CD30 ELISA detection at full and all serial concentrations. BIA-ALCL serum specimens and all control specimens were negative at full concentration and serial dilutions (1:100, 1:250, 1:500, and 1:1000). BIA-ALCL plasma specimens were weakly positive at full concentration and revealed no activity with serial dilution. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to demonstrate a viable alternative to CD30 immunohistochemistry for the screening of BIA-ALCL. Our study demonstrates 100% sensitivity in seroma fluid with no detectable CD30 in benign seroma samples. A CD30 ELISA represents a novel, low-cost screening test, which may be used to screen suspicious aspirations of delayed periprosthetic fluid collections in an office-based setting.

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