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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(2): 023602, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512204

RESUMO

We propose a method for the fast generation of nonclassical ground states of the Rabi model in the ultrastrong and deep-strong coupling regimes via the shortcuts-to-adiabatic (STA) dynamics. The time-dependent quantum Rabi model is simulated by applying parametric amplification to the Jaynes-Cummings model. Using experimentally feasible parametric drive, this STA protocol can generate large-size Schrödinger cat states, through a process that is ∼10 times faster compared to adiabatic protocols. Such fast evolution increases the robustness of our protocol against dissipation. Our method enables one to freely design the parametric drive, so that the target state can be generated in the lab frame. A largely detuned light-matter coupling makes the protocol robust against imperfections of the operation times in experiments.

2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21660, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33303819

RESUMO

The coherent nonlinear process where a single photon simultaneously excites two or more two-level systems (qubits) in a single-mode resonator has recently been theoretically predicted. Here we explore the case where the two qubits are placed in different resonators in an array of two or three weakly coupled resonators. Investigating different setups and excitation schemes, we show that this process can still occur with a probability approaching one under specific conditions. The obtained results provide interesting insights into subtle causality issues underlying the simultaneous excitation processes of qubits placed in different resonators.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(14): 143605, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064545

RESUMO

We propose how to achieve nonreciprocal quantum entanglement of light and motion and reveal its counterintuitive robustness against random losses. We find that by splitting the counterpropagating lights of a spinning resonator via the Sagnac effect, photons and phonons can be entangled strongly in a chosen direction but fully uncorrelated in the other. This makes it possible both to realize quantum nonreciprocity even in the absence of any classical nonreciprocity and also to achieve significant entanglement revival against backscattering losses in practical devices. Our work provides a way to protect and engineer quantum resources by utilizing diverse nonreciprocal devices, for building noise-tolerant quantum processors, realizing chiral networks, and backaction-immune quantum sensors.

4.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15874, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676811

RESUMO

The synchronization of the motion of microresonators has attracted considerable attention. In previous studies, the microresonators for synchronization were studied mostly in the linear regime. While the important problem of synchronizing nonlinear microresonators was rarely explored. Here we present theoretical methods to synchronize the motions of chaotic optical cavity modes in an optomechanical system, where one of the optical modes is strongly driven into chaotic motion and transfers chaos to other weakly driven optical modes via a common mechanical resonator. This mechanical mode works as a common force acting on each optical mode, which, thus, enables the synchronization of states. We find that complete synchronization can be achieved in two identical chaotic cavity modes. For two arbitrary nonidentical chaotic cavity modes, phase synchronization can also be achieved in the strong-coupling small-detuning regime.

5.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 5090, 2019 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30911031

RESUMO

We investigate the performance of a certain nonclassicality identifier, expressed via integrated second-order intensity moments of optical fields, in revealing bipartite entanglement of quantum-optical frequency combs (QOFCs), which are generated in both spontaneous and stimulated parametric down-conversion processes. We show that, by utilizing that nonclassicality identifier, one can well identify the entanglement of the QOFC directly from the experimentally measured intensity moments without invoking any state reconstruction techniques or homodyne detection. Moreover, we demonstrate that the stimulated generation of the QOFC improves the entanglement detection of these fields with the nonclassicality identifier. Additionally, we show that the nonclassicality identifier can be expressed in a factorized form of detectors quantum efficiencies and the number of modes, if the QOFC consists of many copies of the same two-mode twin beam. As an example, we apply the nonclassicality identifier to two specific types of QOFC, where: (i) the QOFC consists of many independent two-mode twin beams with non-overlapped spatial frequency modes, and (ii) the QOFC contains entangled spatial frequency modes which are completely overlapped, i.e., each mode is entangled with all the remaining modes in the system. We show that, in both cases, the nonclassicality identifier can reveal bipartite entanglement of the QOFC including noise, and that it becomes even more sensitive for the stimulated processes.

6.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(15): 153601, 2018 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30362805

RESUMO

We propose how to create and manipulate one-way nonclassical light via photon blockade in rotating nonlinear devices. We refer to this effect as nonreciprocal photon blockade (PB). Specifically, we show that in a spinning Kerr resonator, PB happens when the resonator is driven in one direction but not the other. This occurs because of the Fizeau drag, leading to a full split of the resonance frequencies of the countercirculating modes. Different types of purely quantum correlations, such as single- and two-photon blockades, can emerge in different directions in a well-controlled manner, and the transition from PB to photon-induced tunneling is revealed as well. Our work opens up a new route to achieve quantum nonreciprocal devices, which are crucial elements in chiral quantum technologies or topological photonics.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 120(9): 093601, 2018 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29547303

RESUMO

We propose an experimentally feasible method for enhancing the atom-field coupling as well as the ratio between this coupling and dissipation (i.e., cooperativity) in an optical cavity. It exploits optical parametric amplification to exponentially enhance the atom-cavity interaction and, hence, the cooperativity of the system, with the squeezing-induced noise being completely eliminated. Consequently, the atom-cavity system can be driven from the weak-coupling regime to the strong-coupling regime for modest squeezing parameters, and even can achieve an effective cooperativity much larger than 100. Based on this, we further demonstrate the generation of steady-state nearly maximal quantum entanglement. The resulting entanglement infidelity (which quantifies the deviation of the actual state from a maximally entangled state) is exponentially smaller than the lower bound on the infidelities obtained in other dissipative entanglement preparations without applying squeezing. In principle, we can make an arbitrarily small infidelity. Our generic method for enhancing atom-cavity interaction and cooperativities can be implemented in a wide range of physical systems, and it can provide diverse applications for quantum information processing.

8.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 3728, 2017 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28623284

RESUMO

We introduce the concept of spatio-temporal steering (STS), which reduces, in special cases, to Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering and the recently-introduced temporal steering. We describe two measures of this effect referred to as the STS weight and robustness. We suggest that these STS measures enable a new way to assess nonclassical correlations in an open quantum network, such as quantum transport through nano-structures or excitation transfer in a complex biological system. As one of our examples, we apply STS to check nonclassical correlations among sites in a photosynthetic pigment-protein complex in the Fenna-Matthews-Olson model.

9.
Sci Rep ; 6: 38076, 2016 11 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27901121

RESUMO

Temporal steering is a form of temporal correlation between the initial and final state of a quantum system. It is a temporal analogue of the famous Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (spatial) steering. We demonstrate, by measuring the photon polarization, that temporal steering allows two parties to verify if they have been interacting with the same particle, even if they have no information about what happened with the particle in between the measurements. This is the first experimental study of temporal steering. We also performed experimental tests, based on the violation of temporal steering inequalities, of the security of two quantum key distribution protocols against individual attacks. Thus, these results can lead to applications for secure quantum communications and quantum engineering.

10.
Sci Rep ; 6: 26523, 2016 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27210547

RESUMO

We introduce a new quantity for describing nonclassicality of an arbitrary optical two-mode Gaussian state which remains invariant under any global photon-number preserving unitary transformation of the covariance matrix of the state. The invariant naturally splits into an entanglement monotone and local-nonclassicality quantifiers applied to the reduced states. This shows how entanglement can be converted into local squeezing and vice versa. Twin beams and their transformations at a beam splitter are analyzed as an example providing squeezed light. An extension of this approach to pure three-mode Gaussian states is given.

11.
Phys Rev Lett ; 116(2): 020503, 2016 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26824533

RESUMO

Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering is a type of quantum correlation which allows one to remotely prepare, or steer, the state of a distant quantum system. While EPR steering can be thought of as a purely spatial correlation, there does exist a temporal analogue, in the form of single-system temporal steering. However, a precise quantification of such temporal steering has been lacking. Here, we show that it can be measured, via semidefinite programing, with a temporal steerable weight, in direct analogy to the recently proposed EPR steerable weight. We find a useful property of the temporal steerable weight in that it is a nonincreasing function under completely positive trace-preserving maps and can be used to define a sufficient and practical measure of strong non-Markovianity.

12.
Sci Rep ; 6: 19610, 2016 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26792194

RESUMO

In standard optical tomographic methods, the off-diagonal elements of a density matrix ρ are measured indirectly. Thus, the reconstruction of ρ, even if it is based on linear inversion, typically magnifies small errors in the experimental data. Recently, an optimal tomography solution measuring all the elements of ρ one-by-one without error magnification has been theoretically proposed. We implemented this method for two-qubit polarization states. For comparison, we also experimentally implemented other well-known tomographic protocols, either based solely on local measurements (of, e.g., the Pauli operators and James-Kwiat-Munro-White projectors) or with mutually unbiased bases requiring both local and global measurements. We reconstructed seventeen separable, partially and maximally entangled two-qubit polarization states. Our experiments show that our method has the highest stability against errors in comparison to other quantum tomographies. In particular, we demonstrate that each optimally-reconstructed state is embedded in an uncertainty circle of the smallest radius, both in terms of trace distance and disturbance. We explain how to experimentally estimate uncertainty radii for all the implemented tomographies and show that, for each reconstructed state, the relevant uncertainty circles intersect indicating the approximate location of the corresponding physical density matrix.

13.
Sci Rep ; 4: 7289, 2014 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25487352

RESUMO

Three-wave mixing in second-order nonlinear optical processes cannot occur in atomic systems due to the electric-dipole selection rules. In contrast, we demonstrate that second-order nonlinear processes can occur in a superconducting quantum circuit (i.e., a superconducting artificial atom) when the inversion symmetry of the potential energy is broken by simply changing the applied magnetic flux. In particular, we show that difference- and sum-frequencies (and second harmonics) can be generated in the microwave regime in a controllable manner by using a single three-level superconducting flux quantum circuit (SFQC). For our proposed parameters, the frequency tunability of this circuit can be achieved in the range of about 17 GHz for the sum-frequency generation, and around 42 GHz (or 26 GHz) for the difference-frequency generation. Our proposal provides a simple method to generate second-order nonlinear processes within current experimental parameters of SFQCs.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 110(17): 173601, 2013 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23679725

RESUMO

The security of quantum cryptography is guaranteed by the no-cloning theorem, which implies that an eavesdropper copying transmitted qubits in unknown states causes their disturbance. Nevertheless, in real cryptographic systems some level of disturbance has to be allowed to cover, e.g., transmission losses. An eavesdropper can attack such systems by replacing a noisy channel by a better one and by performing approximate cloning of transmitted qubits which disturb them but below the noise level assumed by legitimate users. We experimentally demonstrate such symmetric individual eavesdropping on the quantum key distribution protocols of Bennett and Brassard (BB84) and the trine-state spherical code of Renes (R04) with two-level probes prepared using a recently developed photonic multifunctional quantum cloner [Lemr et al., Phys. Rev. A 85, 050307(R) (2012)]. We demonstrated that our optimal cloning device with high-success rate makes the eavesdropping possible by hiding it in usual transmission losses. We believe that this experiment can stimulate the quest for other operational applications of quantum cloning.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 97(5): 058901; discussion 058902, 2006 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17026146
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