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Mol Neurobiol ; 56(9): 6551-6565, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868446


The amyloid cascade hypothesis dealing with the senile plaques is until date thought to be one of the causative pathways leading to the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Though many aggregation inhibitors of misfolded amyloid beta (Aß42) peptide have failed in clinical trials, there are some positive aspects of the designed therapeutic peptides for diseases involving proteinaceous aggregation. Here, we evaluated a smart design of side chain tripeptide (Leu-Val-Phe)-based polymeric inhibitor addressing the fundamental hydrophobic amino acid stretch "Lys-Leu-Val-Phe-Phe-Ala" (KLVFFA) of the Aß42 peptide. The in vitro analyses performed through the thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence assay, infrared spectroscopy, isothermal calorimetry, cytotoxicity experiments, and so on evinced a promising path towards the development of new age AD therapeutics targeting the inhibition of misfolded Aß42 peptide fibrillization. The in silico simulations done contoured the mechanism of drug action of the present block copolymer as the competitive inhibition of aggregate-prone hydrophobic stretch of Aß42. Graphical abstract The production of misfolded Aß42 peptide from amyloid precursor protein initiates amyloidosis pathway which ends with the deposition of fibrils via the oligomerization and aggregation of Aß42 monomers. The side chain tripeptide-based PEGylated polymer targets these Aß42 monomers and oligomers inhibiting their aggregation. This block copolymer also binds and helps degrading the preformed fibrils of Aß42.

Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/química , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/ultraestrutura , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Ligantes , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Polietilenoglicóis/síntese química , Eletricidade Estática