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1.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1231, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The correlation between tumor location and lymphatic flow distribution in gastric cancer has been previously reported, and PTD (Proximal - Transitional - Distal) classification was proposed. Our group updated and developed the nPTD classification. METHOD: We retrospectively studied gastric cancer patients who underwent the dye method sentinel node biopsy from 1993 to 2020. The inclusion criteria were a single lesion type 0 cancer of ≤5 cm in the long axis, clinically node-negative, and invasion within the proper muscle layer pathologically. In this study, the distribution of dyed lymphatic flow was evaluated for each occupied area of the tumor. RESULTS: We included 416 patients in this study. The tumors located in the watershed of the right and left gastroepiploic arteries near greater curvature had extensive lymphatic flow; therefore, a newly circular region with a diameter of 5 cm is set on the watershed of the greater curvature between P and T zone as the 'n' zone. In addition, for cancers located in the lesser P curvature, lymphatic flow to the greater curvature was not observed. Therefore, the P zone was divided into two: the lesser curvature side (PL) and the greater curvature side (PG). CONCLUSIONS: The advantage of the nPTD classification is that it provides not only proper nodal dissection but also adequate function-preserving gastrectomy. If the tumor is localized within the PL, the proximal gastrectomy resection area can be further reduced. In contrast, for cancers located in the 'n' zone, near-total gastrectomy is required because of the extensive lymphatic flow.

2.
Exp Clin Transplant ; 19(11): 1173-1181, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: After liver transplant, veno-occlusive disease and infectious complications may result from subclinical pulmonary hypertension. In this retrospective study, we investigated whether our preemptive bundle therapy was effective for subclinical pulmonary hypertension and extrasinusoidal platelet aggregation after liver transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After January 2014, nutrition therapy with glutamine, synbiotics, phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitors, prostaglandin E1, prostaglandin I2, closedloop artificial pancreas, and sivelestat has been used to reduce bacterialtranslocation, vascular endothelial cell damage, and extrasinusoidal platelet aggregation, which is administered as preemptive bundle therapy for all livertransplantrecipients. In this study, we evaluated the prognosis of 84 liver transplant recipients who underwent liver transplants through 2018. Subclinical pulmonary hypertension was evaluated in 49 adult liver transplant recipients with an evaluable main pulmonary artery trunk cross-sectional area using enhanced computed tomography in the acute phase after transplant, with 14 of these patients receiving preemptive bundle therapy. RESULTS: Subclinical pulmonary hypertension was reduced in the preemptive bundle therapy group (n = 14) compared with the nontherapy group (n = 35). The preemptive bundle therapy group showed more rapid recovery of platelet, prothrombin time, and bilirubin levels afterlivertransplant compared with the nontherapy group. The prognosis of patients in the preemptive bundle therapy group was significantly better than in the nontherapy group. Extrasinusoidal platelet aggregation was significantly lower in the preemptive bundle therapy group than in the nontherapy group. CONCLUSIONS: Preemptive bundle therapy reduced sinusoidal endothelial cell injury, extrasinusoidal platelet aggregation, and subclinical pulmonary hypertension after liver transplant, resulting in good posttransplant recovery.

4.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 325, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between chronological nutritional changes and development of fatty liver after total gastrectomy (TG) in gastric cancer (GC) patients is still unclear. This study aimed to evaluate relationship between development of fatty liver and chronological changes of nutritional parameters during 12 months after TG. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of 59 patients with GC who underwent TG at the Kanazawa Medical University Hospital between January 2009 and December 2017. We defined fatty liver change as a mean liver-to-spleen attenuation ratio (L/S ratio) of less than 1.2 in the computed tomography images at 12 months after TG and divided the patients into fatty liver (FL) and non-FL groups from the L/S ratio. We analyzed serum levels of total protein and albumin, and psoas muscle index (PMI) before TG and at 6 and 12 months after TG in the non-FL and FL groups. RESULTS: Six patients showed an L/S ratio of less than 1.2 at 12 months after TG and were included into FL group. There was no significant difference between the groups in serum parameters, L/S ratio, and PMI before TG. In the FL group, the mean levels of total protein and albumin decreased after TG and were significant lower at 6 months, compared with the non-FL group. And then, these levels in the FL group recovered at 12 months. In contrast, the mean levels of total protein and albumin in the non-FL group did not decrease below the preoperative levels throughout the year after surgery. As with laboratory parameters, all patients in the FL group showed decrease of PMI at 6 months after TG. This proportion was significantly higher than that in the non-FL group (100% vs. 40.8%, P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: We evaluated that the patients with fatty liver occurring after TG had significantly lower levels of serum nutritional parameters and skeletal muscle index at 6 months, not but 12 months, after TG.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398301

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation contributes to tumor development by creating a local microenvironment that facilitates neoplastic transformation and potentiates the progression of cancer. Esophageal cancer (EC) is an inflammation-associated malignancy with a poor prognosis. The nature of the switch between chronic inflammation of the esophagus and EC-related immunological changes remains unclear. Here, we examined the dynamic alterations of immune cells at different stages of chronic esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus (BE) and EC using an esophageal spontaneous carcinogenesis rat model. We also investigated the anticancer effects of metformin. To stimulate EC carcinogenesis, chronic gastroduodenal reflux esophagitis via esophagojejunostomy was induced in 120 rats in metformin-treated and non-treated (control) groups. After 40 weeks, BE and EC developed in 96.7% and 63.3% of the control group, and in 66.7% and 23.3% of the metformin-treated group, respectively. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the balance of M1/M2-polarized or phospho-Stat3-positive macrophages, regulatory T, cytotoxic T, natural killer (NK), NK T cells, and Th17 T cells was dynamically changed at each stage of the disease and were resolved by metformin treatment. These findings clarify the immunity in esophageal carcinogenesis and suggest that metformin could suppress this disease by improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and immune evasion.

6.
In Vivo ; 35(5): 2917-2921, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: A significant predictive factor for the occurrence of complications after gastrectomy in elderly gastric cancer patients is yet to be determined. We aimed to evaluate the clinical factors associated with overall complications including remote infection after gastrectomy in elderly gastric cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 101 patients aged over 80 years, who underwent curative gastrectomy. We analyzed the clinicopathological factors that were independently associated with the occurrence of overall complications or remote infection by a logistic regression model. RESULTS: The overall complication rate was 24.8%. We identified pneumonia as a remote infection, and the occurrence rate of remote infections was 5.9%. On multivariate analysis, hemoglobin (<11 g/dl) and operation time (>240 min) were significantly correlated with the occurrence of overall complications. Regarding the occurrence of remote infection, performing total gastrectomy and a hemoglobin level <11 g/dl were identified as significant risk factors. CONCLUSION: Preoperative anemia and intraoperative factors, including the surgical procedure, could affect the occurrence of postoperative complications in elderly patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
7.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(4): 465-471, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976027

RESUMO

Most cancer patients receiving chemotherapy are accompanied by gut dysbiosis and intestinal mucosal barrier dysfunction to a greater or lesser degree. These disorders of the gut can easily cause bacterial translocation, resulting in the formation of immunothrombosis composed mainly of neutrophil extracellular traps and activated platelets in hepatic sinusoid in order to trap bacteria. At the same time, however, a lot of alarmin such as HMGB1, S100A8/S100A9 and VEGF‒A which are released from immunothrombosis, promote to recruit many myeloid‒derived suppressor cells(MDSCs)from bone marrow, leading to the strong immunosuppressive milieu in both liver and cancerous lesions. Therefore, intestinal care must be necessary for protection of intestinal barrier integrity during chemotherapy. Recently, we found that intestinal care using oral L‒glutamine‒ enriched supplement and probiotics including Lactobacillus casei Shirota supplement(Yakult®)and Clostridium butyricum MIYAIRI 588 strain(Miya‒BM®)could induce a strong anti‒tumor immune response through the induction of fully mature tertiary lymphoid structures in some pancreatic cancer patients who received 3 cycles of preoperative chemotherapy(gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2 plus nab‒paclitaxel 125 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15 of 28‒day cycle). In this review article, we discussed the role of intestinal care in the induction of fully mature tertiary lymphoid structures in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Probióticos , Estruturas Linfoides Terciárias , Glutamina , Humanos , Imunidade , Mucosa Intestinal , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia
8.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 2021 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33993626

RESUMO

A 73-year-old woman presented to our hospital because of painful bulging in the right lower abdomen, and developed a 17 × 12 cm incisional hernia after kidney transplantation using right oblique incision. Laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair was performed. Since a transplanted kidney is close to the abdominal wall defect, the space between the transplanted kidney and the abdominal wall was peeled off to secure enough space for the mesh to be place. After that the fascial defect was detected precisely, and the polypropylene-polyglycolic acid composite mesh was fixed with 3 cm overlapping of the hernia ring by non-absorbable tacks. The patient was discharged 9 days after surgery. In general, abdominal incisional hernias after kidney transplantation are relatively large with boundary defect of abdominal wall ensuing between the abdominal and allograft. However, laparoscopic IPOM repair of incisional hernia after kidney transplantation can be performed safely and effectively.

9.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 14(2): 26, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414907

RESUMO

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become a standard treatment for borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The present study examined the maximum tolerated dose of NAC with gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GnP) in patients with resectable PDAC. Between 2015 and 2019, 39 patients with resectable PDAC were enrolled in the present study. GnP was administered for two 28-day cycles on days 1, 8 and 15. The planned doses for levels 1, 2 and 3 were 75, 100 and 125 mg/m2, respectively, for nab-paclitaxel and 600, 800 and 1,000 mg/m2, respectively, for gemcitabine. Dose-limiting toxicity (neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia and/or liver injury) was observed in 44.4% of patients treated at dose level 1 (21 patients) and 60.0% of those treated at dose level 2 (18 patients). Therefore, the maximum tolerated dose was set as level 1. Six patients withdrew from protocol treatment because of non-hematologic adverse events (skin rash, pancreatitis and biliary tract infection). Among the 31 patients with pathologically confirmed PDAC, partial response, stable disease and disease progression were recorded in 4 (12.9%), 24 (77.4%) and 3 (9.7%) patients, respectively. NAC significantly reduced tumor size according to computed tomography, and CA19-9 levels and the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose maximum standardized uptake value were decreased in positron emission tomography. No postoperative complications attributable to NAC were recognized. Among the 27 patients with PDAC who underwent resection, the pathological treatment effect was judged as grades Ia, Ib and II in 21 (77.8%), 4 (14.8%) and 2 (7.4%) patients, respectively. R0 resection was performed in 24 out of 27 patients (88.9%). Adjuvant chemotherapy with oral S-1 was administered to 21 out of 27 patients (77.8%). In conclusion, NAC with GnP was safe and feasible for resectable PDAC at dose level 1. In the future, verification of the long-term results of the present study will be necessary, and a phase II clinical trial is anticipated.

10.
Cytotherapy ; 23(2): 137-145, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AIMS: Immunotherapy is effective for many types of cancer, but its benefits in advanced pancreatic cancer, which has a poor prognosis, are not well established. In this study, the authors examined the effects of adoptive T-cell immunotherapy (ATI) on immune cell profiles and prognosis in patients with unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients with unresectable advanced pancreatic cancer were treated with six cycles of αß T cells alone or in combination with chemotherapy or chemoradiation. Immune cell profiles in peripheral blood samples obtained before and after treatment were comprehensively evaluated by flow cytometry. Furthermore, associations between changes in immune cell frequencies and prognosis were determined. RESULTS: ATI prolonged survival to 18.7 months compared with previous estimates of 6.2-11.1 months for patients treated with chemotherapy alone. ATI decreased CD3+CD4+CD8- T cell frequency in peripheral blood and increased CD3+CD4-CD8+ T cell frequency. An increase in CD3+ T cells and CD3+TCRγδ- T cells in peripheral blood after treatment was associated with a good prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: ATI altered the immune profile in peripheral blood, including CD3+CD4-CD8+ T cells, and improved prognosis in pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia Adotiva , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia
11.
Asian J Surg ; 44(1): 280-285, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: /Objective: We evaluated the risk of acute cholangitis and/or cholecystitis while waiting for cholecystectomy for gallstones. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 168 patients who underwent cholecystectomy for gallstones after conservative therapy. We compared clinical data of 20 patients who developed acute cholangitis and/or cholecystitis while waiting for cholecystectomy (group A) with 148 patients who did not develop (group B). We investigated surgical outcomes and risk factors for developing acute cholangitis and/or cholecystitis. RESULTS: Preoperatively, significant numbers of patients with previous history of acute grade II or III cholecystitis (55.0% vs 10.8%; p < 0.001) and biliary drainage (20.0% vs 2.0%; p = 0.004) were observed between groups A and B. White blood cell counts (13500/µL vs 8155/µL; p < 0.001) and C-reactive protein levels (12.6 vs 5.1 mg/dL; p < 0.001) were significantly higher in group A than in group B; albumin levels (3.2 vs 4.0 g/dL; p < 0.001) were significantly lower in group A. Gallbladder wall thickening (≥5 mm) (45.0% vs 18.9%; p = 0.018), incarcerated gallbladder neck stones (55.0% vs 22.3%; p = 0.005), and peri-gallbladder abscess (20.0% vs 1.4%; p = 0.002) were significantly more frequent in group A than in group B. A higher conversion rate to open surgery (20.0% vs 2.0%; p = 0.004), longer operation time (137 vs 102 min; p < 0.001), and higher incidence of intraoperative complications (10.0% vs 0%; p = 0.014) were observed in group A, compared with group B. CONCLUSION: A history of severe cholecystitis may be a risk factor for acute cholangitis and/or cholecystitis in patients waiting for surgery; it may also contribute to increased surgical difficulty.


Assuntos
Colangite/etiologia , Colecistectomia/efeitos adversos , Colecistite Aguda/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Cálculos Biliares/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Conduta Expectante , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Ann Surg ; 273(6): e206-e213, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290765

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate whether inhibition of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) pathway would prevent progression of Barrett's Esophagus (BE) to esophageal adenocarcinoma. BACKGROUND: The hedgehog signaling pathway is a leading candidate as a molecular mediator of BE and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Repurposed use of existing off-patent, safe and tolerable drugs that can inhibit hedgehog, such as itraconazole, could prevent progression of BE to EAC. METHODS: The efficacy of itraconazole was investigated using a surgical rat reflux model of Barrett's Metaplasia (BM). Weekly intraperitoneal injections of saline (control group) or itraconazole (treatment group; 200 mg/kg) were started at 24 weeks postsurgery. Esophageal tissue was harvested at 40 weeks. The role of the Hh pathway was also evaluated clinically. Esophageal tissue was harvested after 40 weeks for pathological examination and evaluation of the SHH pathway by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: BM was present in control animals 29 of 31 (93%) versus itraconazole 22 of 24 (91%). EAC was significantly lower in itraconazole 2 of 24 (8%) versus control 10 of 31 (32%), respectively (P = 0.033). Esophageal SHH levels were lower in itraconazole vs control (P = 0.12). In esophageal tissue from humans with recurrent or persistent dysplastic BE within 24 months of ablative treatment, strong SHH and Indian Hedgehog expression occurred in distal BE versus proximal squamous epithelium, odds ratio = 6.1 (95% confidence interval: 1.6, 23.4) and odds ratio = 6.4 (95% confidence interval: 1.2, 32.8), respectively. CONCLUSION: Itraconazole significantly decreases EAC development and SHH expression in a preclinical animal model of BM. In humans, BE tissue expresses higher SHH, Indian Hedgehog, and bone morphogenic protein levels than normal squamous esophageal epithelium.

13.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820948141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although cholangiolocellular carcinoma is considered a combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma, we feel that this classification is not appropriate. Therefore, we compared the diagnostic imaging findings, surgical prognosis, and pathological features of cholangiolocellular carcinoma with those of other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: The study patients included 7 with classical type combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma; 8 with stem cell feature, intermediate type combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma; 13 with cholangiolocellular carcinoma; 58 with cholangiocarcinoma; and 359 with hepatocellular carcinoma. All patients underwent hepatectomy or living-related donor liver transplantation from 2001 to 2014. RESULTS: cholangiolocellular carcinoma could be distinguished from hepatocellular carcinom, other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes, and cholangiocarcinoma by the presence of intratumoral Glisson's pedicle, hepatic vein penetration, and tumor-staining pattern on angiography-assisted CT. Cholangiolocellular carcinoma was associated with a significantly lower SUV-max than that of cholangiocarcinoma on FDG-PET. Hepatocellular carcinoma, classical type, and cholangiolocellular carcinoma had significantly better prognoses than stem cell feature, intermediate type and cholangiocarcinoma. A cholangiocarcinoma component was detected in cholangiolocellular carcinoma that progressed to the hepatic hilum, and the cholangiocarcinoma component was found in perineural invasion and lymph node metastases. CONCLUSIONS: From the viewpoint of surgeon, cholangiolocellular carcinoma should be classified as a good-prognosis subtype of biliary tract carcinoma because of its tendency to differentiate into cholangiocarcinoma during its progression, and its distinctive imaging and few recurrence rates different from other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes.

14.
Cancer Sci ; 111(12): 4405-4416, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986894

RESUMO

Acquisition of resistance to gemcitabine is a challenging clinical and biological hallmark property of refractory pancreatic cancer. Here, we investigated whether glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3ß, an emerging therapeutic target in various cancer types, is mechanistically involved in acquired resistance to gemcitabine in human pancreatic cancer. This study included 3 gemcitabine-sensitive BxPC-3 cell-derived clones (BxG30, BxG140, BxG400) that acquired stepwise resistance to gemcitabine and overexpressed ribonucleotide reductase (RR)M1. Treatment with GSK3ß-specific inhibitor alone attenuated the viability and proliferation of the gemcitabine-resistant clones, while synergistically enhancing the efficacy of gemcitabine against these clones and their xenograft tumors in rodents. The gemcitabine-resensitizing effect of GSK3ß inhibition was associated with decreased expression of RRM1, reduced phosphorylation of Rb protein, and restored binding of Rb to the E2 transcription factor (E2F)1. This was followed by decreased E2F1 transcriptional activity, which ultimately suppressed the expression of E2F1 transcriptional targets including RRM1, CCND1 encoding cyclin D1, thymidylate synthase, and thymidine kinase 1. These results suggested that GSK3ß participates in the acquisition of gemcitabine resistance by pancreatic cancer cells via impairment of the functional interaction between Rb tumor suppressor protein and E2F1 pro-oncogenic transcription factor, thereby highlighting GSK3ß as a promising target in refractory pancreatic cancer. By providing insight into the molecular mechanism of gemcitabine resistance, this study identified a potentially novel strategy for pancreatic cancer chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/fisiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Desoxicitidina/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Ribonucleosídeo Difosfato Redutase/metabolismo , Timidina Quinase/metabolismo , Timidilato Sintase/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética
15.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5171-5180, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In this study, the liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs)-protective effects of beraprost sodium (BPS) were investigated using mice with monocrotaline (MCT)-induced sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mice were divided into BPS, placebo and control groups. They were killed 48 h after MCT administration, and blood samples and liver tissues were evaluated. Immunostaining was performed using anti-SE-1 and anti-CD42b antibodies, whereas plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) levels were evaluated using western blot or real-time RT-PCR. RESULTS: On pathological examination, SOS-related findings were observed in zone 3 in the placebo group; however, these were significantly suppressed in the BPS group. SE-1 staining showed a consistent number of LSECs in the BPS group compared with that in the placebo group, while CD42b staining showed a significant decrease in the number of extravasated platelet aggregation (EPA) in the BPS group. PAI-1 expression was significantly lower in the BPS group than in the placebo group; however, eNOS expression was significantly higher in the BPS group than in the placebo group. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic administration of BPS is useful for suppressing the development of SOS through the protective effects of LSEC.


Assuntos
Epoprostenol/análogos & derivados , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/tratamento farmacológico , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Epoprostenol/farmacologia , Feminino , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/etiologia , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica , Transplante de Fígado , Camundongos , Avaliação de Sintomas
16.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5211-5219, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: CBP is a transcriptional coactivator in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway that is related to cell kinetics and differentiation. This study aimed to characterize ß-catenin-activated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and evaluate the direct effects of PRI-724 (a selective inhibitor of Wnt/ß-catenin/CBP signaling) on HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry for ß-catenin was performed in 199 HCC resected samples. Moreover, using cultured HCC cell lines, cell kinetics and its related proteins were analyzed after treatment of cells with C-82 (active form of PRI-724). RESULTS: Nuclear ß-catenin expression was found in 18% of HCC cases and the tumor sizes in these positive samples were larger. In HCC cell lines with a constitutively activated ß-catenin, C-82 inhibited cell proliferation. C-82 led to an increase in the percentage of cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. The percentage of cells in the sub-G1 phase also increased. Moreover, C-82 treatment significantly decreased the expression of cell proliferating markers and increased the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. CONCLUSION: PRI-724(C-82) may be a novel drug for ß-catenin-activated HCC therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Pirimidinonas/farmacologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/antagonistas & inibidores
17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 11807, 2020 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678196

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a common gastrointestinal cancer and is often refractory to current therapies. Development of efficient therapeutic strategies against ESCC presents a major challenge. Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)3ß has emerged as a multipotent therapeutic target in various diseases including cancer. Here we investigated the biology and pathological role of GSK3ß in ESCC and explored the therapeutic effects of its inhibition. The expression of GSK3ß and tyrosine (Y)216 phosphorylation-dependent activity was higher in human ESCC cell lines and primary tumors than untransformed esophageal squamous TYNEK-3 cells from an ESCC patient and tumor-adjacent normal esophageal mucosa. GSK3ß-specific inhibitors and small interfering (si)RNA-mediated knockdown of GSK3ß attenuated tumor cell survival and proliferation, while inducing apoptosis in ESCC cells and their xenograft tumors in mice. GSK3ß inhibition spared TYNEK-3 cells and the vital organs of mice. The therapeutic effect of GSK3ß inhibition in tumor cells was associated with G0/G1- and G2/M-phase cell cycle arrest, decreased expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)4 and increased expression of cyclin B1. These results suggest the tumor-promoting role of GSK3ß is via cyclin D1/CDK4-mediated cell cycle progression. Consequently, our study provides a biological rationale for GSK3ß as a potential therapeutic target in ESCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fosforilação , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Ann Transplant ; 25: e922306, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Severe pericentral zone (zone 3)-based liver injury (LI) may become intractable, with allograft dysfunction after liver transplantation. The phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor, milrinone, has been reported to attenuate hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). This study clarified how hepatic IRI involved zone 3-based LI, in which zone milrinone was effective, and whether milrinone could improve small intestinal injury (SII) with hepatic IRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rats were divided into sham, ischemia-reperfusion (IR), or IR+milrinone groups (n=13 per group). Milrinone was administered intraportally via intrasplenic injection, and whole hepatic ischemia was induced for 30 min. Five hours after reperfusion, serum chemistry and histopathological findings were compared. Expression of CD34 for the detection of altered sinusoidal endothelium as sinusoidal capillarization and cleaved caspase-3 as an apoptosis marker were analyzed via immunohistochemistry. Survival rates were examined after 45 min of whole hepatic ischemia. RESULTS Serum aspartate aminotransferase and direct bilirubin levels were significantly decreased in the IR+milrinone group compared with those of the IR group. The degree of LI, sinusoidal capillarization and apoptosis at zone 3 in the IR group was significantly increased compared with those at the periportal zone (zone 1). These findings at zone 3 in the IR group were improved in the IR+milrinone group. SII with villus congestion and apoptosis in the IR group was significantly attenuated in the IR+milrinone group. The 7-day survival rate was significantly elevated in the IR+milrinone group as compared with that of the IR group. CONCLUSIONS A hepatic IRI model caused zone 3-based LI and SII, which were attenuated by intraportal administration of milrinone.


Assuntos
Intestino Delgado/patologia , Isquemia/patologia , Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Milrinona/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 3/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia
19.
Oncol Lett ; 20(2): 1879-1887, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724431

RESUMO

Extravasated platelet aggregation (EPA) serves an important role in the cancer microenvironment during cancer progression, and has been demonstrated to interact with tumor cells in several types of cancer. EPA induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via transforming growth factor-ß, and also recruits immunosuppressive cells, including regulatory T (Treg) cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). However, the role of EPA in gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis remains unknown. The present study analyzed the association between EPA and prognosis in patients with gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis. The present study evaluated 62 patients diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis between 2001 and 2016. EPA, EMT, Treg cells and MDSCs in peritoneal metastatic lesions were detected by immunohistochemical evaluation of CD42b, SNAIL, FOXP3 and CD33, respectively. CD42b expression was observed in 56.5% (35/62) of peritoneal metastatic lesions. CD42b expression in peritoneal metastatic lesions was associated with poor overall survival compared with lower frequencies (hazard ratio, 2.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-3.69; P=0.018). SNAIL, FOXP3 and CD33 expression were not associated with overall survival, but CD33 expression was markedly higher in CD42b-positive patients (P=0.022). These results indicated that EPA affects immunosuppression by recruiting MDSCs in the tumor microenvironment via the secretion of soluble factors, resulting in tumor progression. EPA may be a novel therapeutic target for gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis.

20.
Pancreas ; 49(6): 830-836, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541639

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Severe acute pancreatitis is a serious disease, but its detailed mechanism has not yet been elucidated. We aimed to clarify the interaction between neutrophils and platelets in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We induced acute pancreatitis in rats by injection of sodium taurocholate into the biliopancreatic duct and killed them over time. We observed the histological changes in pancreatic tissue with special attention to the dynamics of neutrophils and platelets. We also measured the concentrations of neutrophil- and platelet-derived factors in pancreatic tissue and blood samples. RESULTS: Neutrophils and platelets in the pancreatic tissue showed a similar pattern of migration. They initially spread in the interlobular connective tissue and finally into the lobules. The concentration of myeloperoxidase gradually increased in the inflamed pancreas until 24 hours and the concentration of thromboxane B2, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, and CD41 also increased with time. Finally, the concentration of serum myeloperoxidase, citrullinated histone H3, and high-mobility group box 1 increased over time. CONCLUSIONS: The interaction between neutrophils and platelets in pancreatic tissue plays an important role in the mechanism of advancing severity in acute pancreatitis. Circulating damage-associated molecular patterns induced by excessive local inflammation may lead to other organ injuries.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pancreatite/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Animais , Plaquetas/patologia , Comunicação Celular , Progressão da Doença , Proteína HMGB1/sangue , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Neutrófilos/patologia , Pâncreas/patologia , Pancreatite/sangue , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Peroxidase/sangue , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Contagem de Plaquetas , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Taurocólico , Tromboxano B2/metabolismo
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