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2.
Cancer Res ; 81(14): 3835-3848, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049973

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dynamics play vital roles in the tumorigenicity and malignancy of various types of cancers by promoting the tumor-initiating potential of cancer cells, suggesting that targeting crucial factors that drive mitochondrial dynamics may lead to promising anticancer therapies. In the current study, we report that overexpression of mitochondrial fission factor (MFF), which is upregulated significantly in liver cancer-initiating cells (LCIC), promotes mitochondrial fission and enhances stemness and tumor-initiating capability in non-LCICs. MFF-induced mitochondrial fission evoked mitophagy and asymmetric stem cell division and promoted a metabolic shift from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis that decreased mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, which prevented ROS-mediated degradation of the pluripotency transcription factor OCT4. CRISPR affinity purification in situ of regulatory elements showed that T-box transcription factor 19 (TBX19), which is overexpressed uniquely in LCICs compared with non-LCICs and liver progenitor cells, forms a complex with PRMT1 on the MFF promoter in LCICs, eliciting epigenetic histone H4R3me2a/H3K9ac-mediated transactivation of MFF. Targeting PRMT1 using furamidine, a selective pharmacologic inhibitor, suppressed TBX19-induced mitochondrial fission, leading to a profound loss of self-renewal potential and tumor-initiating capacity of LCICs. These findings unveil a novel mechanism underlying mitochondrial fission-mediated cancer stemness and suggest that regulation of mitochondrial fission via inhibition of PRMT1 may be an attractive therapeutic option for liver cancer treatment. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings show that TBX19/PRMT1 complex-mediated upregulation of MFF promotes mitochondrial fission and tumor-initiating capacity in liver cancer cells, identifying PRMT1 as a viable therapeutic target in liver cancer.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(4): 2001961, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33643786

RESUMO

The incidence of bone metastases in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has increased prominently over the past decade owing to the prolonged overall survival of HCC patients. However, the mechanisms underlying HCC bone-metastasis remain largely unknown. In the current study, HCC-secreted lectin galactoside-binding soluble 3 (LGALS3) is found to be significantly upregulated and correlates with shorter bone-metastasis-free survival of HCC patients. Overexpression of LGALS3 enhances the metastatic capability of HCC cells to bone and induces skeletal-related events by forming a bone pre-metastatic niche via promoting osteoclast fusion and podosome formation. Mechanically, ubiquitin ligaseRNF219-meidated α-catenin degradation prompts YAP1/ß-catenin complex-dependent epigenetic modifications of LGALS3 promoter, resulting in LGALS3 upregulation and metastatic bone diseases. Importantly, treatment with verteporfin, a clinical drug for macular degeneration, decreases LGALS3 expression and effectively inhibits skeletal complications of HCC. These findings unveil a plausible role for HCC-secreted LGALS3 in pre-metastatic niche and can suggest a promising strategy for clinical intervention in HCC bone-metastasis.

4.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3761, 2019 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434880

RESUMO

The mechanisms underlying how cells subjected to genotoxic stress reestablish reduction-oxidation (redox) homeostasis to scavenge genotoxic stress-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS), which maintains the physiological function of cellular processes and cell survival, remain unclear. Herein, we report that, via a TCF-independent mechanism, genotoxic stress induces the enrichment of ß-catenin in chromatin, where it forms a complex with ATM phosphorylated-JDP2 and PRMT5. This elicits histone H3R2me1/H3R2me2s-induced transcriptional activation by the recruitment of the WDR5/MLL methyltransferase complexes and concomitant H3K4 methylation at the promoters of multiple genes in GSH-metabolic cascade. Treatment with OICR-9429, a small-molecule antagonist of the WDR5-MLL interaction, inhibits the ß-catenin/JDP2/PRMT5 complex-reestablished GSH metabolism, leading to a lethal increase in the already-elevated levels of ROS in the genotoxic-agent treated cancer cells. Therefore, our results unveil a plausible role for ß-catenin in reestablishing redox homeostasis upon genotoxic stress and shed light on the mechanisms of inducible chemotherapy resistance in cancer.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/fisiologia , Glutationa/metabolismo , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Células A549 , Animais , Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatina , Di-Hidropiridinas/farmacologia , Feminino , Glutationa/efeitos dos fármacos , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Homeostase , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ativação Transcricional
5.
World J Pediatr ; 8(2): 156-63, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22573426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The subcapsular transplantation of metanephric mesenchymal cells (MMCs) may be a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of acute tubular necrosis (ATN). To investigate this hypothesis and provide evidence for its possible use in the clinic, we evaluated the nephroprotective effects of transplanting MMCs into the renal subcaspsule of rats with ATN induced by gentamicin. METHODS: MMCs were expanded in culture. After gentamicin-induced ATN was established, fluorescently-labeled cells were transplanted and traced in kidney tissues by fluorescence microscopy. Serum creatinine (Cr), urea nitrogen (BUN), and N-acetyl-b-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) levels were determined at different time points. Kidney pathology was studied by hematoxylin-eosin staining. Apoptosis was examined by the TUNEL assay. RESULTS: In the MMCs-treated group, the mortality rate decreased; BUN, Cr, and NAG levels peaked at 8 days, and were significantly lower than those in the other groups at 11 and 14 days. RIMM-18 cells locally recruited through precise tropism to sites of injury had the ability to migrate into the tubuli from the renal subcapsule. Damage to the cell-treated kidneys was reduced. The pathologic lesion scores of tubular damage reached the highest values at 8 days in the treated kidneys and 11 days in the untreated ones. The apoptotic index showed that the peaks of apoptosis occurred at earlier stages of the injury process in cell-treated than in untreated kidney and thereafter declined in a time-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: The subcapsular transplantation of MMCs could ameliorate renal function and repair kidney injury.


Assuntos
Necrose Tubular Aguda/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Feminino , Gentamicinas/administração & dosagem , Rim/citologia , Necrose Tubular Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
6.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 10(2): 173-8, 2008 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18433541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of astragalus on tubulointerstitial lesions in rats with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and to explore the possible mechanism. METHODS: Twenty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to three groups. The rat model of IgA nephropathy was induced by intragastric administration of bovine serum albumin and injections of LPS and CC14. Six weeks later, the rats with IgAN were randomly treated with oral astragalus (3 g/kg/d, for 6 weeks) or normal saline. Normal control rats which were not subjected to IgAN were treated with normal saline. The number of urinary erythrocytes and urinary protein and B-D-N-Acetyl glucosaminidase (NAG) contents were determined by Pan-automatic biochemistry analyzing meter. Expression of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) in tubulointerstitial tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemistry. A semiquantitative score was used to evaluate the degree of renal pathologic lesions. RESULTS: The number of urinary erythrocytes (74.02+/-16.58 / microL vs 383.23+/-4.94 /microL) and urinary protein (13.88+/-4.94 vs 59.82+/-14.73 mg/L) and NAG contents (2.84+/-0.31 vs 5.24+/-0.80 U/L) in the astragalus-treated IgAN rats decreased remarkably compared with those in the IgAN rats without astragalus treatment (P<0.01). Expression of the NF-kappaB and MCP-1 in the renal tissues in the IgAN rats without astragalus treatment was significantly higher than that in the astragalus-treated IgAN rats and normal control rats (P<0.01). There were significant differences in the scores of renal pathologic lesions between the IgAN rats with or without astragalus treatment (6.03+/-0.46 vs 10.57+/-1.23; P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Astragalus can decrease the number of urinary erythrocytes and urinary protein and NAG contents, and relieves tubulointerstitial lesions, possibly through the down-regulation of NF-kappaB and MCP-1 expression in rats with IgAN.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta) , Quimiocina CCL2/análise , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/tratamento farmacológico , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Fator de Transcrição RelA/análise , Animais , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/metabolismo , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
7.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 46(1): 55-60, 2008 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18353241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the regulattory effect of Astragalus membranaceus on immune disturbance of the rats with IgA nephropathy. METHODS: Rats IgA nephropathy (IgAN) model was duplicated by oral feeding of bovine serum albumin (BSA), subcutaneous injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and injection of lipopolysaccharide (LSP) into vena caudalis. The rats were divided into three groups randomly for the normal, IgAN model group and the group treated with Astragalus membranaceus (treatment group). The treatment group was given the Astragalus membranaceus granules via intragastric administratsion, the normal group and the IgAN model group were given the equal amount of aqua destillata by gastric perfusion. The rats were examined for albuminuria, hematuria and pathological changes of renal tissue and the distribution of TGF-beta and interleukin-5 in renal tissue was determined by immunohistochemistry and the IFN-gamma and IL-4 of cytokine of Th1 and Th2 types were detected in rats IgA nephropathy model by sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: (1) The hematuria in rats with IgA nephropathy significantly increased compared with normal control group and Astragalus treatment group (P < 0.05). There was significant increase in albuminuria in rats with IgA nephropathy, compared with normal control group and astragalus treatment group (P < 0.01). (2) The pathological change of glomerular mesangium, renal tubules and renal interstitia became serious in rats IgA nephropathy model when compared with normal control group and astragalus treatment group. Immumofluorescence showed renal IgA density in rats IgA nephropathy model was significantly higher than that in the normal control group (P < 0.001) and astragalus treatment group (P < 0.001). (3) The result of immuno histochemistry showed that there was only weak expression of TGF-beta and interleukin 5 in normal renal tissue. The expression of TGF-beta and interleukin 5 in IgA nephropathy model was significantly stronger than those in normal control group (P < 0.05) and astragalus treatment group (P < 0.05). (4) The serum IL-4 levels were (33.74 +/- 7.52) pg/ml in rats IgA nephropathy model, significantly higher than that in normal control group (2.36 +/- 0.85) pg/ml and astragalus treatment group (3.24 +/- 1.13) pg/ml. The IFN-gamma level in serum of rats IgA nephropathy model was (18.79 +/- 3.80) pg/ml, which was significantly higher than that in normal control group (46.53 +/- 5.56) pg/ml and astragalus treatment group (41.28 +/- 2.95) pg/ml. CONCLUSIONS: The astragalus could lower the level of hematuria and 24 hours-albuminuria of the IgAN model, and amelioratse the change of the renal pathology and reduce the deposit of IgA in glomerular mesangium. The possible mechanism of the effect is that astragalus could regulate the derangement of Th1, Th2, accordingly could improve the level of IL-4 and IFN-gamma in the serum and diminish the expression of cytokine Th2 TGF-beta1 and IL-5 of the renal tissue, and thereby could postpone the development of IgAN.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus/química , Astragalus propinquus/imunologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/imunologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Animais , Bovinos , Interleucina-4/farmacologia , Interleucina-5/farmacologia , Túbulos Renais/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/imunologia
8.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 45(7): 494-7, 2007 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17953803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate fibronectin synthesis in SD rat mesangial cells after transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is silenced by the short interfering RNA (siRNA) expressed by reconstructed pGEFP-C1 vectors. METHODS: Depending upon the 538th - 556th (A) and 895th - 913th (B) nucleotides of rat TGF-beta1 gene, a nucleotide (A or B) was constructed into a small hairpin nucleotide which was separately (A or B) or together (A plus B) inserted into a pGEFP-C1 vector with three reconstructed pGEFP-C1 vectors separately expressing the siRNAs for A or/and B. TGF-beta1 and fibronectin were dynamically investigated for their interrelationship by ELISA in the supernatant and RT-PCR in their extracted total RNA. RESULTS: The siRNA hairpin-like molecules were constructed according to the 538th - 556th nucleotides of rat TGF-beta1 gene were able to markedly silence the expression of TGF-beta1 mRNA (P < 0.01) and protein (P < 0.01) at 48 h. Lipfectamin 2000 transfection stimulated the peak secretion of fibronectin at 24 h in the control and the experimental group whose TGF-beta1 was not silenced, but the silence of TGF-beta1 in both experimental groups delayed the top values of fibronectin to 48 h (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The silence of TGF-beta1 by siRNA decreased the fibronectin expression, but the latter was possibly not completely TGF-dependent.


Assuntos
Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Células Mesangiais/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferência de RNA/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Animais , Células , Células Cultivadas , Células Mesangiais/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA/fisiologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/química
9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 9(2): 117-21, 2007 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17448305

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics of childhood renal diseases. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 1316 renal biopsies performed over the past 20 years was performed. RESULTS: Of the 1316 patients, 383 (29.09% ) were diagnosed as nephrotic syndrome, 291 (22.00%) as acute nephritis syndrome, 224 (17.21%) as isolated hematuria, 209(15.87%) as purpura nephritis, and 96 (7.30% ) as hepatitis B virus-associated nephritis . Mesangial proliferation was the most common pathological change (756 cases; 57.45%), followed by IgA nephropathy (113 cases; 8.59%), endothelial capillary proliferation(112 cases; 8.51%), membranous nephropathy (66 cases; 5.02%), and various minor and minimal changes (59 cases; 4.48%). Alport syndrome, congenital nephrotic syndrome, thin basement membrane nephropathy, fibrillary glomerulopathy disease, and Fabry disease were confirmed by electronic microscopy. IgA, IgM and C1q nephropathy were definitely diagnosed using immune histochemistry or immunofluorescent. A diagnosis of primary glomerular disease was made in 69.53% of the cases (915 cases); secondary glomerular disease was noted in 26.14% (344 cases). Of the 915 cases of primary glomerular disease, 375 (41.0%) had nephrotic syndrome. Secondary glomerular disease due to purura nephritis was common (209/344; 60.8%). CONCLUSIONS: Primiary glomerular disease predominates in children. Nephrotic syndrome is the most common clinical diagnosis. Mesangial proliferation is the most common pathological patterns in children with renal disease.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/patologia , Rim/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Masculino , Insuficiência Renal/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 9(2): 125-8, 2007 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17448307

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of mast cells in the development of renal interstitial fibrosis in children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) and possible mechanisms. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded renal biopsy tissue sections from 20 children with HSPN were examined for the levels of tryptase-beta and transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) by immunohistochemical staining. Mast cells were counted by toluidine blue staining. Masson staining was used to assess the level of renal interstitial fibrosis and renal histopathological scores. Normal renal tissue sections from 5 nephrectomized children for nephroma were used as control group. RESULTS: The percentages of positive tryptase-beta cellsand mast cells and the TGF-beta1 expression in the HSPN group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The percentages of positive tryptase-beta cells and mast cells and the TGF-beta1 expression in renal tissue were positively correlated with the glomeruli histopathological score (r =0.940, 0.920, 0.937, respectively; P < 0.05) and were also positively correlated with the histopathological score of renal interstitium (r=0.903, 0.859, 0.948, respectively; P < 0.05). The level of renal interstitial fibrosis was positively correlated with the percentages of positive tryptase-beta cells and mast cells and the expression of TGF-beta1 (r =0.790, 0.766, 0.858, respectively; P < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between the percentages of positive tryptase-beta cells and mast cells (r =0.941, P < 0.05), between the percentage of positive tryptase-beta cells and the TGF-beta1 expression (r =0.897, P < 0.05) and between the percentage of positive mast cells and the TGF-beta1 expression (r=0.942, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Tubulointerstitial mast cell infiltration is associated with the development of renal interstitial fibrosis in children with HSPN. Mast cells together with TGF-beta1 and mast cell-derived tryptase-beta may be involved in the development of the renal interstitial fibrosis in HSPN.


Assuntos
Rim/patologia , Mastócitos/fisiologia , Nefrite/patologia , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Rim/química , Masculino , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/análise , Triptases/análise
11.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 32(1): 82-7, 2007 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17344593

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect and possible mechanism of catechin microcapsulation on the repair of DNA damage in glumreular mesangial cells (GMCs) induced by H2O2. METHODS: According to H2O2 concentration, the experiment GMCs were divided into 6 groups: a control group, 50 micromol/L group, 100 micromol/L group, 150 micromol/L group, 200 micromol/L group and 250 micromol/L group. Each group was sub-divided into 3 groups: 6 h group, 12 h group and 24 h group, in order to determining the optimum dose and the best time of detecting the DNA damage in GMCs. The cultured cells were divided into 8 groups as follows: the NS control group, the H2O2 group, the catechin groups (the final concentrations were 10.0, 15.0, and 20.0 mg/L respectively) and the various catechin microcapsulation groups (the final concentrations were 10.0, 15.0, and 20.0 mg/L respectively). At the end of the experiment, hydroxy radical (OH), malonydialdehyde (MDA) and total superoxide dismutase (tSOD) concentration of supernadant in GMCs were determined by biochemistry assay, the repair of DNA damage in GMCs were detected by single cell gel electrophoresis assay. RESULTS: (1)At 6th h, H2O2 of 100 micromoL/L could cause the DNA damage of GMCs, and H2O2 of 150 micromol/L could result in DNA damage significantly. (2) No difference was found in the comet span of GMCs DNA in the catechin group and catechin microcapsulation group of different concentrations, while the DNA comet tail-long in the catechin microcapsulation group was shorter than that of the catechin group(all P(s)<0.05), and the fluorescence intensity of tail in the catechin microcapsulation group was lower than that of the catechin group(all P(s)<0.01). (3)When the concentration of catechin was 10.0 mg/L, no statistical significance was obtained in the concentration of dOH-, MDA and tSOD between the catechin microcapsulation group and the catechin group; while dOH- and MDA concentrations were lower, and the tSOD was higher in the catechin microcapsulation group than that in the catechin group when the concentration of catechin was 15.0 mg/L and 20.0 mg/L(all P(s)<0.05). CONCLUSION: Catechin microcapsulation can enhance the GMCs ability of repairing DNA damage,which may be due to elevating the capacity of its anti-oxidation by catechin microcapsulation.


Assuntos
Catequina/farmacologia , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/toxicidade , Células Mesangiais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cápsulas , Células Cultivadas , Ensaio Cometa , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Radical Hidroxila/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Células Mesangiais/metabolismo , Células Mesangiais/patologia , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
12.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 32(1): 174-8, 2007 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17344613

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and pathological features of 94 children suffering from IgA nephropathy (IgAN) while estimating the prevalent situation in Hunan province. METHODS: To summarize the annual number of hospitalized children, those with kidney diseases, those accepted biopsy, and those confirmed as IgAN in both Xiangya Hospital and Second Xiangya Hospital undertaking kidney biopsy in Hunan province during 1995 and 2004. RESULTS: In the past 10 years, as the hospitalized population in both hospitals accrued to 9.98% each year. The rate of 7.5% was seen in those with kidney diseases. Among whom 56.3% accepted kidney biopsy and 94 of them were confirmed as IgAN. Hematuria was the main clinical presentation, seen in 71 cases, accounting to 76%, and even to 98% after excluding those with nephrotic syndrome and isolating proteinuria type of IgAN. Inflammation infiltration (91%), renal tubule degeneration (81%), and renal interstitial fibrosis (31%) were the major pathological features of 94 children, especially in nephrotic syndrome IgAN. CONCLUSION: The number of children with IgAN synchronously accrues as hospitalized population, those with kidney diseases, and those by kidney biopsy. Hematuria is the major symptom. To routinely perform urine analysis and kidney biopsy in asymptomatic hematuria may improve the diagnosis. Inflammation infiltration, renal tubule degeneration, and renal interstitial fibrosis are the major pathological features in IgAN children, especially in nephrotic syndrome IgAN, probably relating to continuous proteinuria. Early control of proteinuria may delay or decrease renal tubule fibrosis.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite por IGA/patologia , Rim/patologia , Adolescente , Biópsia por Agulha , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/complicações , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/epidemiologia , Hematúria/diagnóstico , Hematúria/etiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 32(6): 938-40, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18182707

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and adverse effect of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in the treatment of frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome in children. METHODS: The study population consisted of 37 children (24 simple nephrotic syndrome and 13 nephritis-type syndrome) suffering from frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome. Patients received 20-30 mg/(kg d) of MMF in conjunction with 1 mg/(kg d) prednisone for 3-6 months. RESULTS: Out of 24 patients suffered from simple nephrotic syndrome, 17 patients (70.8%) with complete relief, 4 patients (16.7%) with partial relief and 3 patients (12.5%) with non-relief, whereas out of 13 patients suffered from nephritis-type syndrome 6 patients (46.2%) with complete relief, 3 patients (23.1%) with partial relief and 4 patients (30.7%) with non-relief. Eight patients with Minimal Change Disease (MCD) achieved complete relief. Of 23 patients with Mesangial Proliferative Glomerulonephritis (MsPGN) or Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (MPGN), complete relief was observed in 17 patients (73.9%), partial relief in 4 patients (17.4%) and non-relief in 2 patients. CONCLUSION: These Results suggest that MMF has better efficacy against simple renal disease than against nephritis-type syndrome, and MMF may be more suitable for the treatment of frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome characterized by proliferative lesions.


Assuntos
Ácido Micofenólico/análogos & derivados , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Ácido Micofenólico/efeitos adversos , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 8(4): 275-8, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16923355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathological changes of liver in children with hepatitis B virus associated glomerulonephritis (HBV-GN). METHODS: Thirteen children with HBV-GN (aged from 2-14 years) underwent renal and liver biopsy. The biopsy findings were analyzed. RESULTS: Different degrees of hepatic lesions were seen in all of the 13 patients, mild lesions accounting for 69.2% (9/13). HBSAg positive was the most common in the liver tissue [76.9% (10/13)]. Among the renal lesions, membranous glomerulopathy accounted for 69.2%( 9/13), followed by membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis 30.8% (4/13). HBsAg and HBcAg positive were presented in all patients' kidney tissues. HBV antigens were detected in stroma between nephric tubule in all samples. Four patients presented with HBcAg positive in both live and kidneys. CONCLUSIONS: The children with HBV-GN couple with liver lesions. The severity of the renal lesions is not always accord with that of the liver lesions. The appearance of HBcAg in both kidneys and liver indicates severe lesions of the two organs. It is suggested that a liver-kidney holistic treatment is necessary for children with HBV-GN.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite/patologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Fígado/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hepatite B/patologia , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/análise , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Masculino
15.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 31(1): 138-40, 2006 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16562696

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the eliminating ability of catechin to eliminate O2-* and *OH. METHODS: The ability of catechin to clear away O2-* and *OH was respectively measured by faintness chemiluminescence and spin trapping assay. RESULTS: IC50 that catechin eliminated O2-* and *OH was 6.16, 0.59 g/mL respectively, and the eliminating ability of catechin was much stronger than that of the extract from liquorice, rosemary, grape pip, giant knotweed and ginkgo leaf. CONCLUSION: Compared with several important natural plants of antioxidants, the eliminating ability of cathechin is the best.


Assuntos
Catequina/farmacologia , Sequestradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Radical Hidroxila/metabolismo , Medições Luminescentes , Superóxidos/metabolismo
16.
Nephrology (Carlton) ; 11(1): 42-8, 2006 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16509931

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution of polymorphisms in the PAX2 gene in children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura with and without nephritis (HSPN and HSP, respectively), with particular attention to the relationship between PAX2 gene polymorphisms and the development of kidney pathology. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral leukocytes of 39 HSPN patients, 23 HSP patients without nephritis and 100 normal children, and three known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), including 1410C>T, 1521A>C and 1544C>T in exon 8 and exon 9 of the PAX2 gene were studied as the candidate polymorphisms. The above two exons were amplified, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products were detected by denatured high-pressure liquid chromatography and direct DNA sequencing was performed for sequences with abnormal elution peaks. RESULTS: In all samples confirmed by direct sequencing, we identified two SNP, which present as complete linkage haplotype 1410C>T + 1521A>C, in exon 8. We did not identify any SNP in exon 9. The frequency of the PAX2 heterozygous genotype 1410CT/1521AC in the HSPN group (28.20%) was significantly higher than in the HSP without HSPN group (4.35%) or in the control group (12.00%) (P < 0.05). The odds ratio (OR) values for HSPN and HSP were 6.05 and 2.62, respectively, and the 95% confidence intervals (CI) were 1.23-29.78 and 1.09-6.30, respectively. However, no differences in the frequency distribution was found between the HSP without nephritis and normal groups. Furthermore, there was no significant correlation between the polymorphism and clinical manifestation or kidney pathology in the HSPN group (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The 1410CT/1521AC PAX2 genotype does not increase susceptibility for HSP, but is likely to increase the susceptibility of kidney involvement, resulting in a HSPN diagnosis.


Assuntos
Nefrite/genética , Fator de Transcrição PAX2/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/genética , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nefrite/complicações , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/complicações
17.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 30(5): 597-600, 2005 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16320598

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference of Pax2 and P53 expressions in children with primary nephritic syndrome (PNS) and the effect of Pax2 on glucocorsteroid (GC)-resistance. METHODS: Renal Pax2 and P53 expressions in children with PNS (40 patients) were detected by immunohistochemistry. A semiquantitative score was used to evaluate the injury degree of the glomeruli and the tubulointerstitium, and correlation analysis was done among Pax2, P53 and pathologic score. RESULTS: Pax2 and P53 expressions were not found in the control group. Pax2 expression of renal tubule epithelia exsisted in children with PNS and there was weak or no expression of Pax2 in the podocytes. Pax2 expressions in the proximal tubule and the distal tubule in the GC-resistant group were more intense than those in the GC-intensive group (P <0.01). The more the Pax2 expression in the tubule, the more abnormal structure such as dilation and atrophy. Pax2 expression in the tubule epithelia was positively correlated with pathologic score of tubulointerstitium (P < 0.01). There was no P53 expression in the GC-intensive group, but there exsisted P53 expression in parts of the patients from the GC-resistant group, mainly distributing in the renal tubular epithelia. P53 expression was positively correlated with P53 expression and the pathologic score of tubulointerstitium (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Over-expression of Pax2 in the renal tubule epithelia may improve P53 expression to a certain degree, which may aggravate the lesion of the renal tubule. It may be one of the mechanisms resulting in GC-resistant in children with PNS.


Assuntos
Resistência a Medicamentos , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Nefrótica/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição PAX2/biossíntese , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fator de Transcrição PAX2/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/biossíntese , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 43(2): 109-12, 2005 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15833166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Glucocorticoid (GC) is the first therapeutic choice of primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS). The response to GC treatment is an important indicator for the outcome of PNS children. Children with GC-resistant PNS present with incomplete or no response to GC, and may herald the progression to end-stage renal failure. However, the detailed mechanism of GC-resistance or GC-sensitive effect in these PNS children has not been clearly elucidated. The previous study by the authors indicated that there was increased expression of GR beta in PBMCs in GC-resistant children with PNS, and the over expression of GR beta resulted in GC resistance via influencing the ability of GR alpha nuclear translocation. To elucidate the relationship between GR beta expression in renal and in PBMCs and the effect of glucocorticoid on glucocorticoid-resistance children with PNS, the expression of GR alpha and GR beta in renal tissue and in PBMCs were detected by immunohistochemistry. METHODS: Forty children with PNS were divided into two groups, GC-resistant group(20) and GC-sensitive group(20), the expression of GR alpha and GR beta in renal intrinsic cells and in PBMCs were measured with the immunohistochemistry technique. A semiquantitative score was used to evaluate the injury degree of the glomeruli and tubulointerstitium. RESULTS: Compared with GC-sensitive group, the glomerular pathologic scores (6.91 +/- 1.98) and renal tubular pathologic scores (7.12 +/- 1.62) in GC- resistant group were significantly different (P < 0.01, respectively). GR alpha expressions of renal tissue and PBMCs were higher in the control group (58.3 +/- 2.6, 59.1 +/- 7.2) than those in the GC-sensitive group (40.2 +/- 7.2 and 36.6 +/- 5.1, P < 0.01, respectively) and GC-resistant group (35.0 +/- 8.2 and 36.4 +/- 6.6, P < 0.01, respectively). GR beta expressions of renal tissue and PBMCs were higher in the GC-resistant group (13.8 +/- 3.0 and 12.1 +/- 4.1) and in the GC-sensitive group (6.5 +/- 1.9 and 5.9 +/- 1.0) than that in control group (2.3 +/- 0.4 and 3.2 +/- 1.1, P < 0.01, respectively). GR beta expressions in renal tissue and PBMCs were higher in the GC-resistant group than that in the GC-sensitive group (P < 0.01). Compared with control group, GR beta expressions in PBMCs and in renal tissue were lower than those in mild renal lesion group (5.4 +/- 2.8, 6.46 +/- 2.50), midmedium renal lesion group (8.7 +/- 2.4 and 11.4 +/- 3.7) and (17.1 +/- 0.4 and 18.7 +/- 0.7) in severe renal lesion group (F = 5.8, 15.6, P < 0.01, respectively). GR beta expression of PBMCs had a positive correlation with GR beta expression of renal intrinsic cells (r = 0.651, P < 0.01). GR beta expressions by PBMCs and renal intrinsic cells were positively correlated with renal pathologic scores (r = 0.579 and 0.623, P < 0.01, respectively). CONCLUSION: GC-resistant children with PNS were related to the increased GR beta expression in PBMCs and renal intrinsic cells. There was no correlation between the GR alpha expressions in PBMCs and in renal intrinsic cells. Increased GR beta expression might decrease the effect of GC via inhibiting the activity of GR alpha.


Assuntos
Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resistência a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Masculino , Síndrome Nefrótica/patologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/análise
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