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1.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 855-874, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641617

RESUMO

Synaptojanin 2 (SYNJ2) regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis via dephosphorylating plasma membrane phosphoinositides. Aim of this study is to first seek the full-scale expression levels and potential emerging roles of SYNJ2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We systematically analyzed SYNJ2 mRNA expression and protein levels in HCC tissues based on large-scale data and in-house immunohistochemistry (IHC). The clinical significance and risk factors for SYNJ2-related HCC cases were identified. A nomogram of prognosis was created and its performance was validated by concordance index (C-index) and shown in calibration plots. Based on the identified differentially coexpressed genes (DCGs) of SYNJ2, enriched annotations and potential pathways were predicted, and the protein interacting networks were mapped. Upregulated SYNJ2 in 3,728 HCC and 3,203 non-HCC tissues were verified and in-house IHC showed higher protein levels of SYNJ2 in HCC tissues. Pathologic T stage was identified as a risk factor. Upregulated mRNA levels and mutated SYNJ2 might cause a poorer outcome. The C-index of the nomogram model constructed by SYNJ2 level, age, gender, TNM classification, grade, and stage was evaluated as 0.643 (95%CI = 0.619-0.668) with well-calibrated plots. A total of 2,533 DCGs were extracted and mainly functioned together with SYNJ2 in metabolic pathways. Possible transcriptional axis of CTCF/POLR2A-SYNJ2/INPP5B (transcription factor-target) in metabolic pathways was discovered based on ChIP-seq datasets. In summary, transcriptional regulatory axis CTCF/POLR2A-SYNJ2 might influence SYNJ2 expression levels. Increased SYNJ2 expression level could be utilized for predicting HCC prognosis and potentially accelerates the occurrence and development of HCC via metabolic perturbations pathways.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/genética , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Regulação para Cima
2.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928800, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) causes a heavy disease burden worldwide. Cell division cycle 45 (Cdc45) and its encoding gene (CDC45) have been studied for a long time, but their expression patterns and roles in liver carcinogenesis and advanced HCC deterioration are still incompletely understood. This study integrated tissue microarray and bioinformatics analyses to explore the expression and clinical value of CDC45 and Cdc45 in HCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS In HCC, the expression and relationships with clinic-pathological parameters of CDC45 and Cdc45 were investigated by integrating the RNA-sequencing data, downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Oncomine databases, and tissue microarray with immunohistochemistry staining. Co-expressed genes and genetic alterations of CDC45 separately obtained from Oncomine and cBioPortal databases were identified to shed light on the potential mechanisms of CDC45 in HCC. RESULTS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both overexpressed in HCC tissues, and the CDC45 level progressively increased from stage I to III. The survival outcomes of the group with high CDC45 expression were significantly worse compared with the group with low expression. Amplification and deep deletion were 2 major significant alteration types in HCC patients, and the outcomes were worse in patients with altered versus unaltered CDC45. NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM were identified as the most significantly co-expressed genes. CONCLUSIONS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both upregulated in HCC, and increased expression levels and genetic alternations of CDC45 were correlated with worse prognosis in HCC patients. CDC45 may promote HCC by co-expressing with NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma
3.
Cancer Med ; 9(21): 8004-8019, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains one of the most common cancers worldwide and tends to be detected at an advanced stage. More effective biomarkers for HCC screening and prognosis assessment are needed and the mechanisms of HCC require further exploration. The role of MAOA in HCC has not been intensively investigated. METHODS: In-house tissue microarrays, genechips, and RNAsequencing datasets were integrated to explore the expression status and the clinical value of MAOA in HCC. Immunohistochemical staining was utilized to determine MAOA protein expression. Intersection genes of MAOA related co-expressed genes and differentially expressed genes were obtained to perform functional enrichment analyses. In vivo experiment was conducted to study the impact of traditional Chinese medicine nitidine chloride (NC) on MAOA in HCC. RESULTS: MAOA was downregulated and possessed an excellent discriminatory capability in HCC patients. Decreased MAOA correlated with poor prognosis in HCC patients. Downregulated MAOA protein was relevant to an advanced TNM stage in HCC patients. Co-expressed genes that positively related to MAOA were clustered in chemical carcinogenesis, where CYP2E1 was identified as the hub gene. In vivo experiment showed that nitidine chloride significantly upregulated MAOA in a nude mouse HCC model. CONCLUSIONS: A decreased MAOA level is not only correlated with aggressive behaviors in males but also serves as a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of HCC patients. Moreover, MAOA may play a role in AFB1 toxic transformation through its synergistic action with co-expressed genes, especially CYP3A4. MAOA also serves as a potential therapy target of NC in HCC patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Monoaminoxidase/análise , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Benzofenantridinas/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/metabolismo , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos Nus , Monoaminoxidase/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , RNA-Seq , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614608

RESUMO

Background: To explore the clinical significance of miR-125b-5p and its potential mechanisms in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). Materials and Methods: An integrated analysis of data from in-house quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), microRNA-sequencing, and microarray assays to appraise the expression level of miR-125b-5p in LUSC tissues compared to adjacent noncancerous controls. The authors identified the candidate targets of miR-125b-5p and conducted functional analysis using computational biology strategies from gene ontology, the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis, disease ontology (DO), and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analyses to investigate the prospective mechanisms. Results: According to qRT-PCR results, the expression level of miR-125b-5p was markedly decreased in LUSC tissues compared to noncancerous control tissues. Receiver operating characteristic and summary receiver operating characteristic analyses showed that miR-125b-5p had good specificity and sensitivity for distinguishing LUSC tissue from noncancerous lung tissue. The standard mean difference revealed that men and women with lower expression levels of miR-125b-5p may have a higher risk for LUSC. KEGG analysis and DO analysis intimated that target genes were evidently enriched in pyrimidine metabolism and pancreatic carcinoma. The PPI network of the top assembled KEGG pathway indicated that RRM2, UMPS, UCK2, and CTPS1 were regarded as crucial target genes for miR-125b-5p, and RRM2 was eventually deemed a key target. Conclusions: The authors' findings implicate a low expression level of miR-125b-5p in LUSC. A tumor-suppressive role of miR-125b-5p is proposed, based on its effects on LUSC tumor growth, clinical stage progression, and lymph node metastasis.

5.
FEBS Open Bio ; 10(8): 1624-1641, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598517

RESUMO

Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is the main pathological type of pulmonary malignant tumors; at present, less than 10% of patients with advanced metastatic LUSC live for more than 5 years. We previously reported that low expression of miRNA-126-3p is associated with the occurrence and progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Here, we examined expression of miRNA-126-3p in 23 samples from patients with LUSCs and 23 normal control specimens by quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR). Associations between miRNA-126-3p expression and clinical features were studied from materials derived from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) chips and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Twelve online platforms were used to identify candidate target genes of miRNA-126-3p. Further analyses of the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), Gene Ontology (GO), and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were performed on the target genes. GEO microarray analysis, TCGA data mining, RT-qPCR, and integration analysis consistently reported low expression of miRNA-126-3p in LUSC. A total of 42 genes were identified as potential target genes of miRNA-126-3p from online platforms, GEO microarrays, and the TCGA database. GO and KEGG analyses demonstrated that the target genes are involved in several biological processes that promote the progression of LUSC. SOX2, E2F2, and E2F3 were selected as hub genes from the PPI network for further analysis. In summary, our results suggest that the low expression of miRNA-126-3p may play a role in promoting the development of LUSC and miRNA-126-3p may be a biomarker for LUSC early diagnosis and prognosis.

6.
Int J Oncol ; 57(1): 122-138, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319600

RESUMO

SAC3 domain containing 1 (SAC3D1) has been reported to be involved in numerous types of cancer. However, the role of SAC3D1 in GC has not yet been elucidated. In the present study, the mRNA expression level of SAC3D1 between GC and normal tissues were assessed with a continuous variable meta­analysis based on multiple datasets from public databases. The protein expression level of SAC3D1 in GC and normal tissues was assessed by an in­house immunohistochemistry (IHC). The association between SAC3D1 expression and some clinical parameters was assessed based on the TCGA and IHC data. Survival analysis was performed to assess the association between SAC3D1 expression and the survival of GC patients. The co­expressed genes of SAC3D1 were determined by integrating three online tools, and the enrichment analyses were performed to determine SAC3D1­related pathways and hub co­expressed genes. SAC3D1 was significantly upregulated in GC tumor tissues in comparison to normal tissues with the SMD being 0.45 (0.12, 0.79). The IHC results also indicated that SAC3D1 protein expression in GC tissues was markedly higher than in normal tissues. The SMD following the addition of the IHC data was 0.59 (0.11, 1.07). The protein levels of SAC3D1 were positively associated with the histological grade, T stage and N stage of GC (P<0.001). The TCGA data also revealed that the SAC3D1 mRNA level was significantly associated with the N stage (P<0.001). Moreover, prognosis analysis indicated that SAC3D1 was closely associated with the prognosis of patients with GC. Moreover, 410 co­expressed genes of SAC3D1 were determined, and these genes were mainly enriched in the cell cycle. In total, 4 genes (CDK1, CCNB1, CCNB2 and CDC20) were considered key co­expressed genes. On the whole, these findings demonstrate that SAC3D1 is highly expressed in GC and may be associated with the progression of GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Estômago/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biologia Computacional , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , RNA-Seq , Proteínas Repressoras/análise , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Regulação para Cima
7.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e920725, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32214060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Wilms tumor, or nephroblastoma, is a malignant pediatric embryonal renal tumor that has a poor prognosis. This study aimed to use bioinformatics data, RNA-sequencing, connectivity mapping, molecular docking, and ligand-protein binding to identify potential targets for drug therapy in Wilms tumor. MATERIAL AND METHODS Wilms tumor and non-tumor samples were obtained from high throughput gene expression databases, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were analyzed using the voom method in the limma package. The overlapping DEGs were obtained from the intersecting drug target genes using the Connectivity Map (CMap) database, and systemsDock was used for molecular docking. Gene databases were searched for gene expression profiles for complementary analysis, analysis of clinical significance, and prognosis analysis to refine the study. RESULTS From 177 cases of Wilms tumor, there were 648 upregulated genes and 342 down-regulated genes. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that the identified DEGs that affected the cell cycle. After obtaining 21 candidate drugs, there were seven overlapping genes with 75 drug target genes and DEGs. Molecular docking results showed that relatively high scores were obtained when retinoic acid and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, alsterpaullone, were docked to the overlapping genes. There were significant standardized mean differences for three overlapping genes, CDK2, MAP4K4, and CRABP2. However, four upregulated overlapping genes, CDK2, MAP4K4, CRABP2, and SIRT1 had no prognostic significance. CONCLUSIONS RNA-sequencing, connectivity mapping, and molecular docking to investigate ligand-protein binding identified retinoic acid and alsterpaullone as potential drug candidates for the treatment of Wilms tumor.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Tumor de Wilms/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Ligantes , Prognóstico , Ligação Proteica , Curva ROC , Tumor de Wilms/genética
8.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(8): 4835-4850, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497203

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a highly prevalent cancer with high mortality. The gene basigin (BSG) is strongly expressed in certain tumors. This study investigated the expression level of BSG in LUAD and its role in the poor prognosis of LUAD. METHODS: The mRNA expression of BSG in LUAD was from GEO, Oncomine and TCGA database. Prognostic data were provided by SurvExpress. The expression of BSG protein was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Cell function experiments of viability, proliferation and apoptosis assays were performed in A549. Clustering analysis of BSG co-expressed genes was generated by Gene Ontology (GO) Enrichment, KEGG pathway and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. RESULTS: BSG mRNA level was significantly over-expressed in LUAD (pooled SMD = 0.564, 0.448-0.681, P<0.001). The analysis in SurvExpress revealed that high expression of BSG indicated significantly poor prognosis (pooled HR = 1.20, 1.10-1.30, P<0.0001). IHC assay also showed that BSG protein expression was significantly up-regulated in LUAD (P<0.001), and positive BSG expression was notably associated with higher pathology grade (P = 0.041) and lymphatic metastasis (P = 0.014). Moreover, BSG can enhance the viability and proliferation ability (both P<0.001) and weaken cell apoptosis (P<0.001) in A549. The most enriched GO terms in the co-expressed genes of BSG were translation related enrichment. The KEGG pathway showed that these genes were markedly involved in Ribosome pathways. CONCLUSION: Up-regulated BSG in LUAD is related to advanced progression and poor prognosis by influencing cell viability, proliferation and apoptosis. BSG could be a potential biomarker for the targeted therapy of LUAD.

9.
Pol J Pathol ; 70(2): 63-78, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556556

RESUMO

The aim of this research was to investigate the clinical role and prognostic value of CD117 expression assessed immunohistochemically in lung carcinoma through a comprehensive meta-analysis in which 27 publications were acquired and 2645 patients were ultimately analysed. Statistical analysis and corresponding plots were performed using STATA version 12.0. Publication bias was assessed by Begg's funnel plots and Egger's test. Pooled HR and its 95% CI (HR = 1.53, 95% CI: 1.13-2.07, p = 0.007) for overall survival of patients indicated a poor prognostic value for CD117 expression in lung carcinoma, which was accompanied by heterogeneity and publication bias. In the subgroup analysis, there was strong evidence that could support an association between CD117 expression and poor prognosis in NSCLC patients (HR = 2.03, 95% CI: 1.41-2.90, p < 0.001; heterogeneity: I2 = 41.9%, c2 = 15.49, p = 0.078). Multivariate analysis also revealed consistent results in high-quality studies with reported HRs (HR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.67-2.79, p < 0.001), and Asian patients (HR = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.45-3.10, p < 0.001). The correlations between CD117 expression and age, clinical stage, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, or histology were not statistically significant. In conclusion, CD117 expression might be a potential marker for predicting poor prognosis, faster tumour growth, and early lymph node metastasis in NSCLC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Metástase Linfática , Prognóstico
10.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(12): 7233-7254, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31934275

RESUMO

Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) has a unique role in cell cycle regulation, as it is crucial for cell cycle progression and cell division. The aim of the present study was to use a combination of various detection methods to examine the expression and clinical significance of CDK1 in thyroid cancer (THCA). We used in-house tissue microarrays, immunohistochemistry, public RNA-sequencing, gene microarrays, and meta-analyses to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the role of CDK1 in the occurrence and development of THCA. CDK1 protein expression was notably higher in THCA tissues than in non-cancer tissues as evidenced by the in-house tissue microarrays. The expression of CDK1 protein was also significantly higher in pathologic T3-T4 than in T1-T2 samples. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) for CDK1 was 0.71 (95% CI, 0.46-0.95) including a total of 931 THCA and 585 non-cancerous thyroid tissue samples. An aggregation of the immunohistochemistry results and the RNA-sequencing/microarray findings gave a pooled SMD for CDK1 expression of 2.13 (95% CI, 1.30-2.96). The final area under curve (AUC) for the summarized receiver operating characteristic (sROC) was 0.7941 using all 1102 cases of THCA and 672 cases of controls. KEGG analysis with the co-expressed genes of CDK1 in THCA demonstrated the top enriched pathways to be the cell cycle, thyroid hormone synthesis, autoimmune thyroid disease, etc. In summary, we reveal the overexpression of CDK1 in THCA based on multiple detection methods that combine independent cohorts. However, further studies are required to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of CDK1 that promotes the biological aggressiveness of THCA cells.

11.
Pathol Res Pract ; 215(3): 414-426, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30455130

RESUMO

Malignant tumors of the digestive tract include esophageal, gastric, and colorectal carcinomas, which all have high global mortality rates. A clinical role for small nuclear RNA (snRNA), a type of small non-coding RNA, has not yet been documented for digestive tract pan-adenocarcinomas. Therefore, the aim of the study was to identify differentially expressed snRNAs and to explore their prognostic implications in pan-adenocarcinomas from the esophagus, stomach, colon, and rectum. The pan-carcinoma RNA-sequencing data of four types of digestive tract cancers with 1, 102 cases obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project were analyzed and the differentially expressed snRNAs were evaluated using the edgeR package. The prognostic value of each of the selected snRNAs was determined by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. All the digestive tract pan-adenocarcinomas showed differential expression of three snRNAs: the up-regulated RNU1-106 P and RNU6-850 P and the down-regulated RNU6-529 P. Interestingly, RNU6-101 P appeared to be a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma (ESAD) and RNVU1-4 was potentially a protective factor for stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) survival. This consistent finding of differential expression of all three snRNAs in all four types of digestive system cancers suggests potential roles for these snRNAs in the tumorigenesis of digestive system cancers. RNU6-101 P could play a pivotal role in the progression of ESAD and RNVU1-4 could perform a protective role in STAD. However, since the current findings were based on RNA-sequencing data mining, more studies are needed for verification.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/genética , RNA Nuclear Pequeno/análise , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sequência de RNA
12.
Int J Oncol ; 54(1): 152-166, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30387840

RESUMO

Patients with esophageal carcinoma (ESCA) have a poor prognosis and high mortality rate. Although standard therapies have had effect, there is an urgent requirement to develop novel options, as increasing drug tolerance has been identified in clinical practice. In the present study, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of ESCA were identified in The Cancer Genome Atlas and Genotype­Tissue Expression databases. Functional and protein­protein interaction (PPI) analyses were performed. The Connectivity Map (CMAP) was selected to predict drugs for the treatment of ESCA, and their target genes were acquired from the Search Tool for Interactions of Chemicals (STITCH) by uploading the Simplified Molecular­Input Line­Entry System structure. Additionally, significant target genes and ESCA­associated hub genes were extracted using another PPI analysis, and the corresponding drugs were added to construct a network. Furthermore, the binding affinity between predicted drug candidates and ESCA­associated hub genes was calculated using molecular docking. Finally, 827 DEGs (|log2 fold­change|≥2; q­value <0.05), which are principally involved in protein digestion and absorption (P<0.005), the plasminogen­activating cascade (P<0.01), as well as the 'biological regulation' of the Biological Process, 'membrane' of the Cellular Component and 'protein binding' of the Molecular Function categories, were obtained. Additionally, 11 hub genes were obtained from the PPI network (all degrees ≥30). Furthermore, the 15 first screen drugs were extracted from CMAP (score <­0.85) and the 9 second screen drugs with 70 target genes were extracted from STITCH. Furthermore, another PPI analysis extracted 51 genes, and apigenin, baclofen, Prestwick­685, menadione, butyl hydroxybenzoate, gliclazide and valproate were selected as drug candidates for ESCA. Those molecular docking results with a docking score of >5.52 indicated the significance of apigenin, Prestwick­685 and menadione. The results of the present study may lead to novel drug candidates for ESCA, among which Prestwick­685 and menadione were identified to be significant new drug candidates.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Antineoplásicos/química , Clofazimina/química , Clofazimina/farmacologia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/efeitos dos fármacos , Vitamina K 3/química , Vitamina K 3/farmacologia
13.
World J Surg Oncol ; 16(1): 109, 2018 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study was carried out to discover the underlying role that HOXA11 plays in lung squamous cancer (LUSC) and uncover the potential corresponding molecular mechanisms and functions of HOXA11-related genes. METHODS: Twenty-three clinical paired LUSC and non-LUSC samples were utilized to examine the level of HOXA11 using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The clinical significance of HOXA11 was systematically analyzed based on 475 LUSC and 18 non-cancerous adjacent tissues from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. A total of 102 LUSC tissues and 121 non-cancerous tissues were available from Oncomine to explore the expressing profiles of HOXA11 in LUSC. A meta-analysis was carried out to further assess the differential expression of HOXA11 in LUSC, including in-house qRT-PCR data, expressing data extracted from TCGA and Oncomine databases. Moreover, the enrichment analysis and potential pathway annotations of HOXA11 in LUSC were accomplished via Gene Oncology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). The expression of hub genes and according correlations with HOXA11 were assessed to further explore the biological role of HOXA11 in LUSC. RESULTS: HOXA11 expression in LUSC had a tendency to be upregulated in comparison to adjacent non-cancerous tissues by qRT-PCR. TCGA data displayed that HOXA11 was remarkably over-expressed in LUSC compared with that in non-LUSC samples, and the area under curves (AUC) was 0.955 (P < 0.001). A total of 1523 co-expressed genes were sifted for further analysis. The most significant term enriched in the KEGG pathway was focal adhesion. Among the six hub genes of HOXA11, including PARVA, ILK, COL4A1, COL4A2, ITGB1, and ITGA5, five (with the exception of COL4A1) were significantly decreased compared with the normal lung tissues. Moreover, the expression of ILK was negatively related to HOXA11 (r = - 0.141, P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: High HOXA11 expression may lead to carcinogenesis and the development of LUSC. Furthermore, co-expressed genes might affect the prognosis of LUSC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/sangue , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico
14.
Int J Oncol ; 53(2): 603-619, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749543

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common endocrine malignancy, accounting for approximately 90% of all malignancies of the endocrine system. Despite the fact that patients with TC tend to have good prognoses, the high incidence rate and lymph node metastases remain unresolved issues. Autophagy is an indispensable process that maintains intracellular homeostasis; however, the role of autophagy in several steps of the initiation and progression of TC has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we first identified several autophagy-related genes (ARGs) that were provoked in the onset of TC. Subsequently, a bioinformatics analysis hinted that these genes were markedly disturbed in several proliferative signaling pathways. Moreover, we demonstrated that the differentially expressed ARGs were closely related to several aggressive clinical manifestations, including an advanced tumor stage and lymph node metastasis. Our study further selected prognostic ARGs and developed a prognostic signature based on three key genes (ATG9B, BID and B1DNAJB1), which displayed a moderate ability to predict the prognosis of TC. On the whole, the findings of this study demonstrate that ARGs disrupt proliferation-related pathways and consequently lead to aggressive clinical manifestations. These findings provide insight into the potential molecular mechanisms of action of ARGs and their clinical significance, and also provide classification information of potential therapeutic significance.


Assuntos
Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Autofagia , Proteína Agonista de Morte Celular de Domínio Interatuante com BH3/genética , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP40/genética , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Oncol Rep ; 40(1): 226-240, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749550

RESUMO

The long non­coding RNA (lncRNA) PVT1 plays vital roles in the tumorigenesis and development of various types of cancer. However, the potential expression profiling, functions and pathways of PVT1 in HCC remain unknown. PVT1 was knocked down in SMMC­7721 cells, and a miRNA microarray analysis was performed to detect the differentially expressed miRNAs. Twelve target prediction algorithms were used to predict the underlying targets of these differentially expressed miRNAs. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to explore the underlying functions, pathways and networks of the targeted genes. Furthermore, the relationship between PVT1 and the clinical parameters in HCC was confirmed based on the original data in the TCGA database. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs, the top two upregulated and downregulated miRNAs were selected for further analysis based on the false discovery rate (FDR), fold­change (FC) and P­values. Based on the TCGA database, PVT1 was obviously highly expressed in HCC, and a statistically higher PVT1 expression was found for sex (male), ethnicity (Asian) and pathological grade (G3+G4) compared to the control groups (P<0.05). Furthermore, Gene Ontology (GO) analysis revealed that the target genes were involved in complex cellular pathways, such as the macromolecule biosynthetic process, compound metabolic process, and transcription. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis revealed that the MAPK and Wnt signaling pathways may be correlated with the regulation of the four candidate miRNAs. The results therefore provide significant information on the differentially expressed miRNAs associated with PVT1 in HCC, and we hypothesized that PVT1 may play vital roles in HCC by regulating different miRNAs or target gene expression (particularly MAPK8) via the MAPK or Wnt signaling pathways. Thus, further investigation of the molecular mechanism of PVT1 in HCC is needed.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Biologia Computacional , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Idoso , Carcinogênese , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Mol Med Rep ; 17(1): 1148-1156, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29115524

RESUMO

HOX transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR), a newly discovered long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), has been reported to be a poor prognostic marker in many types of cancers. The current study attempted to investigate the biological roles and clinicopathlogical implications of HOTAIR in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as well as understand the molecular mechanisms of HOTAIR in HCC progression. HOTAIR expression in 95 HCC patients with paired HCC tissues and adjacent non­cancer tissues were investigated using quantitative reverse transcription­polymerase chain reaction. The association between HOTAIR expression and clinicopathological features was assessed. The effects of HOTAIR were examined in vitro assays by silencing the lncRNA. Pathway analyses were performed to illustrate the biological functions of the HOTAIR and coexpression genes. The expression level of HOTAIR was observed significantly higher in the HCC tissue than the adjacent non­tumor tissue. HOTAIR expression levels were significantly higher in tumor samples from patients with distant metastasis, advanced stage, portal vein tumor embolus, vasoinvasion, tumor capsular infiltration or positive nm23 expression than those from patients without these conditions, correspondingly. The silencing of HOTAIR in liver cancer cells induced the inhibition of cell proliferation and promotion of apoptosis. Several pathways such as extracellular matrix­receptor interaction, focal adhesion, pathways in cancer were annotated with the HOTAIR and coexpression genes. In summary, the present analysis indicates that HOTAIR might be an oncogene in HCC. It functions though promoting tumor cell growth and inhibiting apoptosis. HOTAIR may potentially be involved in HCC metastatic progression by several pathways correlated to cell adhesion, and may be a therapeutic target in future.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apoptose , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Feminino , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Curva ROC
17.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 11(5): 2295-2304, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938341

RESUMO

Since urothelial cancer associated 1 (UCA1) was discovered in human bladder cancer, it has been reported to be dysregulated expressed in various kinds of solid tumors. But the clinical role and the function of UCA1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains incompletely understood. In this study, we mined the data of UCA1 expression in NSCLC from Oncomine, Gene expression profiling interactive analysis (GEPIA) and cBioPortal to analyze the contribution of UCA1 in the cancer initiation and progression of NSCLC. We also performed a series of in vitro experiments by using NSCLC cells to confirm the biological function of UCA1 in NSCLC, especially its effect on caspase-3/7 activity and apoptosis through RNA interference experiment. From Oncomine, the UCA1 levels were both up-regulated in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous carcinoma (LUSC), as compared to non-cancerous controls. Higher levels of UCA1 pointed to a poorer overall survival in NSCLC, with the HR being 1.3. Only two genetic alterations, including amplification and deep deletion, were observed for UCA1 as provided by cBioPortal. Both MTS and Cell Titer-blue assays showed an accordant inhibitory effect of UCA1 siRNAs on the cell growth. In conclusion, lncRNA UCA1 might play a substantial role in the occurrence and development of NSCLC, especially in LUAD patients, which is partly due to its effect on caspase-3/7 activity suppression.

18.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 11(7): 3208-3221, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949696

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to promote deeper pathological and clinical understanding of gallbladder squamous cell carcinoma (GBSCC) and provide new evidence for its diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: Two cases of GBSCC from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were collected. A comprehensive analysis was conducted based upon these 2 cases and another 119 GBSCC cases from the literature. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Among all the patients, GBSCC was frequently diagnosed in older women with a mean age of 62.8 years old. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom. The majority of GBSCC cases were combined with cholelithiasis. Keratinization was frequently observed microscopically. Among 90 cases with histology data, most showed high or, high-moderate differentiation (60%, 54/90). More cases were diagnosed in advanced TNM stages (85.4%, 82/96). In 73 cases, the follow-up time was 0.5-125 months, with a mean survival time 47.3 months and a median survival time of 12 months. Survival analysis indicated that patients with polypoid lesions (P = 0.047) and receiving R0 radical operation (P < 0.001) had better prognoses. CONCLUSION: Given the scarcity and implicit clinical manifestations of GBSCC, early diagnosis is challenging. The key to better survival is a radical operation with no remaining lesion.

19.
Onco Targets Ther ; 10: 3405-3419, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28744145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies which focused on the character of miR-144-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are limited. This study aimed to explore the expression, clinical significance and the potential targets of miR-144-3p in HCC. METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and a cohort of 95 cases of HCC were applied to investigate aberrant miR-144-3p expression in HCC. A meta-analysis was performed to accumulate data on miR-144-3p expression in HCC based on TCGA, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Additionally, the potential regulatory mechanisms of miR-144-3p in HCC were explored by bioinformatics. RESULTS: MiR-144-3p expression was downregulated distinctly in HCC compared to para-HCC tissue both in TCGA data (8.9139±1.5986 vs 10.7721±0.9156, P<0.001) and in our qRT-PCR validation (1.3208±0.7594 vs 2.6200±0.9263, P<0.001). The meta-analysis based on TCGA, qRT-PCR and GEO data confirmed a consistent result (standard mean difference =-0.854, 95% CI: -1.224 to -0.484, P<0.001). The receiver operating characteristic curve of miR-144-3p gained a significant diagnostic value both in TCGA data (area under the curve [AUC] =0.852, 95% CI: 0.810 to 0.894, P<0.001) and in qRT-PCR validation (AUC =0.867, 95% CI: 0.817 to 0.916, P<0.001), especially in alpha-fetoprotein-negative HCC patients (AUC =0.900, 95% CI: 0.839 to 0.960, P<0.001). Furthermore, we identified 119 potential targets of miR-144-3p in HCC by bioinformatics. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analyses revealed that several significant biologic functions and pathways correlated with the pathogenesis of HCC, including the p53 signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: MiR-144-3p may function as a cancer suppressor microRNA, which is essential for HCC progression through the regulation of various signaling pathways. Thus, interactions with miR-144-3p may provide a novel treatment strategy for HCC in the future.

20.
Am J Transl Res ; 9(5): 2088-2105, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28559963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MiR-101-3p has been reported to suppress invasion and metastasis in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. However, the relevant mechanisms are still unclear. The research seeks to determine systematic value of miR-101-3p in HCC, and comprehensively summarize the predicted target genes as well as their potential function, pathways and networks in HCC. METHODS: The miR-101-1 profiles in 353 HCC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) were analyzed. Meta-analysis was performed to estimate relationship of miR-101 (including precursor and mature miR-101) with clinical features and prognosis in HCC. Further, the promising targets of miR-101-3p were predicted and followed with Gene Ontology (GO), pathway and network analysis. In addition, the functional impact of miR-101-3p was confirmed with in vitro experiments in HCC cells. RESULTS: In TCGA data, low-expression of miR-101-1 might be a diagnostic (AUC: 0.924, 95% CI: 0.894-0.953) and prognostic (HR=1.55) marker for HCC. Down-regulated miR-101-1 also correlated with poor differentiation, advanced TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and high AFP level of HCC. Meta-analysis revealed that miR-101 down-regulation were associated with poor prognosis, high AFP level and advanced TNM stage of HCC. Moreover, 343 hub genes were filtered and miR-101-3p may be involved in intracellular signaling cascade, transcription, metabolism and cell proliferation. Focal adhesion and pathways in cancer were also significantly enriched. In vitro experiments demonstrated that miR-101-3p inhibited proliferation and promoted apoptosis in HCC cells. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-101-1 may be a prospective biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of HCC. Potential targets of miR-101-3p could regulate genesis and development of HCC. The data offers insights into biological significances and promising targets of miR-101-3p for further investigation and potential therapies in HCC.

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