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1.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017718

RESUMO

Adoptive transfer of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CMV-CTLs) from original transplant donors or third-party donors was effective for the treatment of CMV infection after allogenic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), but the antiviral activity of CMV-CTL types has not been compared. To determine whether third-party CMV-CTLs provide comparable long-term antiviral efficacy to transplant donor CMV-CTLs, we first compared the antiviral abilities of transplant donors and third-party CMV-CTLs for treatment of CMV infection in two mouse models, compared the in vivo recovery of CMV-specific immunity, and analyzed the underlying mechanisms driving sustained antiviral immunity. The results showed that both donor and third-party CMV-CTLs effectively combated systemic CMV infection by reducing CMV pathology and tumor burden 28 days postinfusion. The in vivo recovery of CMV-specific immunity after CMV-CTL infusion was comparable in both groups. A detailed analysis of the source of recovered CMV-CTLs showed the proliferation and expansion of graft-derived endogenous CMV-CTLs in both groups. Our clinical study, which enrolled 31 patients who received third-party CMV-CTLs and 62 matched pairs of individuals who received transplant donor CMV-CTLs for refractory CMV infection, further showed that adoptive therapy with donor or third-party CMV-CTLs had comparable clinical responses without significant therapy-related toxicity. We observed strong expansion of CD8+ tetramer+ T cells and proliferation of recipient endogenous CMV-CTLs after CMV-CTL infusion, which were associated with a reduced or cleared viral load. Our data confirmed that adoptive therapy with third-party or transplant donor CMV-CTLs triggered comparable antiviral responses to CMV infection that might be mediated by restoration of endogenous CMV-specific immunity.

2.
JCI Insight ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34990406

RESUMO

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Several investigators have reported that adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells persistently expand during CMV reactivation. In our study, two cohorts were enrolled to explored the relationships among the NKG2C genotype, NKG2C+ NK cell reconstitution, and CMV infection. Multivariate analysis showed that donor NKG2C gene deletion was an independent prognostic factor for CMV reactivation and refractory CMV reactivation. Furthermore, the quantitative, qualitative reconstitution and anti-CMV function of adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells after transplantation was significantly lower in patients grafted with NKG2Cwt/del donor cells than in those grafted with NKG2Cwt/wt donor cells. The quantitative reconstitution of NKG2C+ NK cells at day 30 after transplantation was significantly lower in patients with treatment-refractory CMV reactivation than in those in the no-CMV-reactivation and CMV-reactivation groups. In humanized CMV-infected mice, we found that compared with those from NKG2Cwt/del donors, adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells from NKG2Cwt/wt donors induced earlier and stronger expansion of NKG2C+ NK cells and earlier and stronger CMV clearance in vivo. In conclusion, donor NKG2C homozygosity contributes to CMV clearance by promoting the quantitative and qualitative reconstruction of adaptive NKG2C+ NK cells after haploidentical allo-HSCT.

3.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 27(4): 334-339, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914217

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of the L-carnitine-astaxanthin compound nutrients Menglankang (MLK) on idiopathic oligospermia (OS) and asthenospermia (AS). METHODS: This study included 73 cases of OS and 220 cases of AS treated with MLK once a bag, bid, for 3 successive months. Before and at 1, 2 and 3 months after treatment, we obtained and analyzed the semen parameters and sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) of the patients. RESULTS: Compared with the baseline, the OS patients showed remarkable increases after 1 and 2 months of treatment in the semen volume (ï¼»3.07 ± 1.47ï¼½ vs ï¼»3.26 ± 1.26ï¼½ and ï¼»3.30 ± 1.28ï¼½ ml), sperm concentration (ï¼»10.96 ± 6.09ï¼½ vs ï¼»16.74 ± 11.15ï¼½ and ï¼»17.56 ± 9.92ï¼½ ×106/ml, P < 0.05), total sperm count (ï¼»29.78 ± 17.48ï¼½ vs ï¼»52.98 ± 32.07ï¼½ and ï¼»57.67 ± 36.98ï¼½ ×106, P < 0.05) and the percentages of progressively motile sperm (PMS) (ï¼»39.8 ± 11.66ï¼½% vs ï¼»45.3 ± 14.03ï¼½% and ï¼»46.42 ± 10.69ï¼½%, P < 0.05) and morphologically normal sperm (MNS) (ï¼»1.71 ± 1.07ï¼½% vs ï¼»1.79 ± 0.91ï¼½% and ï¼»1.84 ± 0.96ï¼½%), and so did the AS patients in PMS (ï¼»19.23 ± 8.32ï¼½% vs ï¼»25.46 ± 13.86ï¼½% and ï¼»27.33 ± 12.88ï¼½%, P < 0.05). After 3 months of medication, the OS patients exhibited even more significant increases in the semen volume (ï¼»3.63 ± 1.39ï¼½ ml) (P < 0.05), sperm concentration (ï¼»20.56 ± 14.7ï¼½ ×106/ml) (P < 0.05), total sperm count (ï¼»66.35 ± 55.91ï¼½ ×106) (P < 0.05), PMS (ï¼»49.24 ± 13.45ï¼½%) (P < 0.05) and MNS (ï¼»2.59 ± 0.93ï¼½%) (P < 0.05), and so did the AS patients in the semen volume (ï¼»3.27 ± 1.42ï¼½ vs ï¼»3.85 ± 1.59ï¼½ ml, P < 0.05), PMS (ï¼»29.11 ± 13.58ï¼½%) (P < 0.05) and NMS (ï¼»2.01 ± 1.14ï¼½% vs ï¼»2.57 ± 1.15ï¼½%, P < 0.05). In comparison with the baseline, the sperm DFI was not significantly improved at 1 month after treatment, but remarkably decreased at 2 and 3 months in the OS patients (ï¼»25.87 ± 13.76ï¼½% vs ï¼»18.66 ± 10.83ï¼½% and ï¼»16.48 ± 11.46ï¼½%, P < 0.05) and the AS patients as well (ï¼»26.40 ± 12.28ï¼½% vs ï¼»19.35 ± 11.54ï¼½% and ï¼»15.32 ± 10.89ï¼½%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The L-carnitine-astaxanthin compound nutrients Menglankang can significantly improve the semen quality of the patients with idiopathic oligospermia or asthenospermia.


Assuntos
Astenozoospermia , Oligospermia , Astenozoospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Carnitina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Nutrientes , Oligospermia/tratamento farmacológico , Análise do Sêmen , Xantofilas
4.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741461

RESUMO

Haploidentical allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is a significant alternative treatment for severe aplastic anaemia (SAA). To improve this process by modifying the risk stratification system, we conducted a retrospective study using our database. 432 SAA patients who received haplo-HSCT between 2006 and 2020 were enrolled. These patients were divided into a training (n = 288) and a validation (n = 144) subset randomly. In the training cohort, longer time from diagnosis to transplantation, poorer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status and higher haematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) score were independent risk factors for worse treatment-related mortality (TRM) in the final multivariable model. The haplo-HSCT scoring system was developed by these three parameters. Three-year TRM after haplo-HSCT were 6% [95% confidence interval (CI), 1-21%], 21% (95% CI, 7-40%), and 47% (95% CI, 20-70%) for the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk group, respectively (P < 0·0001). In the validation cohort, the haplo-HSCT scoring system also separated patients into three risk groups with increasing risk of TRM: intermediate-risk [hazard ratio (HR) 2·45, 95% CI, 0·92-6·53] and high-risk (HR 11·74, 95% CI, 3·07-44·89) compared with the low-risk group (P = 0·001). In conclusion, the haplo-HSCT scoring system could effectively predict TRM after transplantation.

5.
Front Immunol ; 12: 749266, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621279

RESUMO

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a major complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Corticosteroid is the first-line treatment for aGVHD, but its response rate is only approximately 50%. At present, no uniformly accepted treatment for steroid-refractory aGVHD (SR-aGVHD) is available. Blocking interleukin-2 receptors (IL-2Rs) on donor T cells using pharmaceutical antagonists alleviates SR-aGVHD. This meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of four commercially available IL-2R antagonists (IL-2RAs) in SR-aGVHD treatment. A total of 31 studies met the following inclusion criteria (1): patients of any race, any sex, and all ages (2); those diagnosed with SR-aGVHD after HSCT; and (3) those using IL-2RA-based therapy as the treatment for SR-aGVHD. The overall response rate (ORR) at any time after treatment with basiliximab and daclizumab was 0.81 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.74-0.87)] and 0.71 (95% CI: 0.56-0.82), respectively, which was better than that of inolimomab 0.54 (95% CI: 0.39-0.68) and denileukin diftitox 0.56 (95% CI: 0.35-0.76). The complete response rate (CRR) at any time after treatment with basiliximab and daclizumab was 0.55 (95% CI: 0.42-0.68) and 0.42 (95%CI: 0.29-0.56), respectively, which was better than that of inolimomab 0.30 (95% CI: 0.16-0.51) and denileukin diftitox 0.37 (95% CI: 0.24-0.52). The ORR and CRR were better after 1-month treatment with basiliximab and daclizumab than after treatment with inolimomab and denileukin diftitox. The incidence of the infection was higher after inolimomab treatment than after treatment with the other IL-2RAs. In conclusion, the efficacy and safety of different IL-2RAs varied. The response rate of basiliximab was the highest, followed by that of daclizumab. Prospective, randomized controlled trials are needed to compare the efficacy and safety of different IL-2RAs.

8.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(10): 870.e1-870.e7, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229053

RESUMO

Late-onset severe pneumonia (LOSP) is defined as severe pneumonia developing during the late phase of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Because of the high mortality in patients with LOSP, it is important to identify prognostic factors. In this study, we aimed to develop a risk score system with broad applicability that can help predict the risk of LOSP-associated mortality. We retrospectively analyzed 100 patients with LOSP after allo-HSCT between June 2009 and July 2017. The assessment variables included immune, nutritional, and metabolic parameters at the onset of LOSP. Of these 100 patients, 45 (45%) eventually died, and 55 (55%) were positive for organisms, most commonly viruses. In the multivariate analysis, higher monocyte count (≥0.20 × 109/L versus <0.20 × 109/L; P = .001), higher albumin level (≥30.5 g/L versus <30.5 g/L; P = .044), lower lactic dehydrogenase level (<250 U/L versus ≥250 U/L; P = .008) and lower blood urea nitrogen concentration (<7.2 mmol/L versus ≥7.2 mmol/L; P = .026) at the onset of LOSP were significantly associated with better 60-day survival. A risk score system based on the foregoing results showed that the probability of 60-day survival decreased with increasing risk factors, from 96.3% in the low-risk group to 49.1% in the intermediate-risk group and 12.5% in the high-risk group. Our results indicate that this scoring system using 4 variables can stratify patients with different probabilities of survival after LOSP, which suggests that patients' immune, nutritional, and metabolic status are crucial factors in determining outcome.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Pneumonia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo
9.
Transl Oncol ; 14(9): 101159, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252711

RESUMO

The persistence of leukemia stem cells (LSCs) is one of the leading causes of chemoresistance in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). To explore the factors important in LSC-mediated resistance, we use mass spectrometry to screen the factors related to LSC chemoresistance and defined IFN-γ-inducible lysosomal thiol reductase (GILT) as a candidate. We found that the GILT expression was upregulated in chemoresistant CD34+ AML cells. Loss of function studies demonstrated that silencing of GILT in AML cells sensitized them to Ara-C treatment both in vitro and in vivo. Further mechanistic findings revealed that the ROS-mediated mitochondrial damage plays a pivotal role in inducing apoptosis of GILT-inhibited AML cells after Ara-C treatment. The inactivation of PI3K/Akt/ nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) pathway, causing reduced generation of antioxidants such as SOD2 and leading to a shifted ratio of GSH/GSSG to the oxidized form, contributed to the over-physiological oxidative status in the absence of GILT. The prognostic value of GILT was also validated in AML patients. Taken together, our work demonstrated that the inhibition of GILT increases AML chemo-sensitivity through elevating ROS level and induce oxidative mitochondrial damage-mediated apoptosis, and inhibition of the PI3K/Akt/NRF2 pathway enhances the intracellular oxidative state by disrupting redox homeostasis, providing a potentially effective way to overcome chemoresistance of AML.

10.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(3): 443-453, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185250

RESUMO

We performed a retrospective analysis to investigate dynamic peri-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) minimal/measurable residual disease (MRD) on outcomes in patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). A total of 271 patients were enrolled and classified into three groups: unchanged negative MRD pre- and post-HSCT group (group A), post-MRD non-increase group (group B), and post-MRD increase group (group C). The patients in group B and group C experienced a higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (42% vs. 71% vs. 16%, P<0.001) and lower leukemia-free survival (LFS) (46% vs. 21% vs. 70%, P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (50% vs. 28% vs. 72%, P<0.001) than in group A, but there was no significant difference in non-relapse mortality (NRM) among three groups (14% vs. 12% vs. 8%, P=0.752). Multivariate analysis showed that dynamic peri-HSCT MRD was associated with CIR (HR=2.392, 95% CI, 1.816-3.151, P<0.001), LFS (HR=1.964, 95% CI, 1.546-2.496, P<0.001) and OS (HR=1.731, 95% CI, 1.348-2.222, P<0.001). We also established a risk scoring system based on dynamic peri-HSCT MRD combined with remission status pre-HSCT and onset of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). This risk scoring system could better distinguish CIR (c=0.730) than that for pre-HSCT MRD (c=0.562), post-HSCT MRD (c=0.616) and pre- and post-MRD dynamics (c=0.648). Our results confirm the outcome predictive value of dynamic peri-HSCT MRD either alone or in combination with other variables for patients with T-ALL.

11.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(9): 2097-2107, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846561

RESUMO

Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is a life-threatening pulmonary complication occurring after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) without an explicit aetiology or a standard treatment. This study aimed to explore the occurrence and prognosis of DAH after allo-HSCT, in addition to comparing discrepancies in the incidence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of DAH between patients undergoing haploidentical HSCT (HID-HSCT) and matched related donor HSCT (MRD-HSCT). We retrospectively evaluated 92 consecutive patients among 3987 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of DAH following allo-HSCT (HID: 71 patients, MRD: 21 patients). The incidence of DAH after allo-HSCT was 2.3%, 2.4% after HID-HSCT and 2.0% after MRD-HSCT (P = 0.501). The prognosis of patients with DAH after transplantation is extremely poor. The duration of DAH was 7.5 days (range, 1-48 days). The probabilities of overall survival (OS) were significantly different between patients with and without DAH within 2 years after transplantation (P < 0.001). According to the Cox regression analysis, a significant independent risk factor for the occurrence of DAH was delayed platelet engraftment (P < 0.001), and a high D-dimer level (>500 ng/ml) was a significant risk factor for the poor prognosis of DAH. HID-HSCT is similar to MRD-HSCT in terms of the outcomes of DAH.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Doadores de Tecidos
12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(10): 1199-1208, 2021 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT. METHODS: A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables. RESULTS: All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score. CONCLUSION: This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Linfócitos B , Humanos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante de Células-Tronco
13.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(3): 253.e1-253.e9, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781524

RESUMO

Acute cholecystitis (AC) is a potentially fatal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT); however, only limited information is available on its clinical features, outcomes, and risk management strategies. This retrospective, nested, case-control study included 6701 patients undergoing allo-HSCT at our center from January 2004 to June 2019. In total, 72 patients (1.1%) were diagnosed with AC; among these, acute acalculous cholecystitis had a slightly higher prevalence (42 patients, 58.3%). Patients with moderate and severe AC exhibited remarkably worse overall survival (P = .001) and non-relapse mortality (P = .011) than others. Survival of haploidentical HSCT recipients with AC was comparable to that for patients with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical donors. Age ≥ 18 years, antecedent stage II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease, and total parenteral nutrition were identified as potential risk factors for AC following allo-HSCT, while haploidentical transplantations were not more susceptible to AC than HLA-identical HSCT. Based on these criteria, a risk score model was developed and validated to estimate the probability of AC following allo-HSCT. The model separates all patients into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups and thereby provides a basis for early detection of this complication in the management of allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Colecistite Aguda , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Ann Hematol ; 100(5): 1267-1281, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712867

RESUMO

The prognosis of 11q23/KMT2A-rearranged (KMT2A-r) acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is poor. Minimal residual disease (MRD) is an important prognostic factor for relapse. Thus, we aimed to identify the evolution of KMT2A before and after allo-HSCT and the efficacy of preemptive immunotherapies for KMT2A-r AL patients receiving allo-HSCT. KMT2A expression was determined through TaqMan-based RQ-PCR technology. Preemptive immunotherapies included interferon-α and donor lymphocyte infusion. We collected 1751 bone marrow samples from 177 consecutive KMT2A-r AL patients. Pre-HSCT KMT2A positivity was correlated with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity (correlation coefficient=0.371, P<0.001). The rates of achieving KMT2A negativity after allo-HSCT were 96.6%, 92.9%, and 68.8% in the pre-HSCT low-level group (>0, <0.1%), intermediate-level group (≥ 0.1%, <1%), and high-level group (≥1%), respectively. The rates of regaining KMT2A positivity after allo-HSCT were 7.7%, 35.7%, 38.5%, and 45.5% for the pre-HSCT KMT2A-negative, low-level, intermediate-level, and high-level groups, respectively (P<0.001). The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse after allo-HSCT was as high as 53.7% in the pre-HSCT KMT2A expression ≥ 0.1% group, which was compared to the KMT2A-negative group (15.1%) and KMT2A <0.1% group (31.2%). The clinical outcomes of patients with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity were poorer than those of patients with persistent KMT2A negativity. Although post-HSCT preemptive immunotherapies might help to achieve KMT2A negativity, the long-term efficacy was unsatisfactory. Thus, pre-HSCT KMT2A positivity was significantly associated with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity. The clinical outcomes of patients with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity were poor, which might not be overcome by commonly used immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Prognóstico , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
15.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 292, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sequential monitoring of Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) could predict relapse in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic role of WT1 in pediatric AML after allo-HSCT is unclear. Thus, we determined to see whether sequential monitoring of WT1 after allo-HSCT could predict relapse in AML children. METHODS: Pediatric AML patients receiving allo-HSCT from January 21, 2012 to December 20, 2018 at the Peking University Institute of Hematology were included in this study. WT1 expression level was determined by TaqMan-based reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. WT1 sequential monitoring was performed 1, 2, 3, 4.5, 6, 9, and 12 months post-transplantation and at 6-month intervals thereafter. The primary end point was relapse. The secondary end points included disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and non-relapse mortality (NRM). Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for DFS and OS estimates, while competing risk analysis was used for estimating relapse and NRM. RESULTS: Of the 151 consecutive patients included, the median age was 10 years (range, 1-17). The optimal cutoff value of WT1 within 1 year after allo-HSCT to predict relapse was 0.8% (80 WT1 copies/104 ABL copies), with a sensitivity of 60% and specificity of 79%. Compared with WT1 expression < 0.8%, WT1 expression ≥0.8% indicated significantly higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR, 35.1% vs. 11.3%; P = 0.001), lower 5-year disease-free survival (DFS, 60.4% vs. 80.8%; P = 0.009), and lower 5-year overall survival (OS, 64.9% vs. 81.6%; P = 0.038) rates. Multivariate analyses showed that WT1 was an independent risk factor for relapse (HR 2.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.25-6.71; P = 0.014). Both the CIR (5-year CIR: 8.3% vs. 11.3%; P = 0.513) and DFS (5-year DFS: 91.7% vs. 80.8%; P = 0.208) were comparable between patients achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity after preemptive interferon-α (IFN-α) treatment and those without MRD after allo-HSCT, which were better than those of MRD-positive patients without preemptive therapies. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential monitoring of WT1 could predict relapse in pediatric AML after allo-HSCT. WT1-directed immunotherapy may have the potential to prevent relapse and improve survival.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Proteínas WT1/metabolismo , Adolescente , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Transplante Homólogo , Proteínas WT1/análise
16.
Ann Hematol ; 100(2): 505-516, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389025

RESUMO

We performed a nested case-control study to investigate the incidence, treatment, and prognosis of central nervous system (CNS) relapse after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and compared the outcomes of patients with CNS relapse following haploidentical donor (HID) HSCT versus identical sibling donor (ISD) HSCT. A total of 37 patients (HID-HSCT, 24; ISD-HSCT, 13) developed CNS relapse after transplantation between January 2009 and January 2019, with an incidence of 1.81%. The median time from transplantation to CNS relapse was 239 days. Pre-HSCT CNS involvement (HR 6.940, 95% CI 3.146-15.306, p < .001) was an independent risk factor for CNS relapse after allo-HSCT for AML. The 3-year overall survival (OS) for patients with CNS relapse was 60.3 ± 8.8%, which was significantly lower than that in the controls (81.5 ± 4.5%, p = .003). The incidence of CNS relapse was 1.64% for patients who received HID-HSCT and 2.55% for those who received ISD-HSCT (p = .193). There was no significant difference in OS between the HID-HSCT and ISD-HSCT subgroups among the patients with CNS relapse. In conclusion, CNS relapse is a rare but serious complication after allo-HSCT for AML, and the incidence and outcomes of patients with CNS relapse are comparable following HID-HSCT and ISD-HSCT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/terapia , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 18(5): 1172-1185, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408344

RESUMO

Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT) achieves superior or at least comparable clinical outcomes to HLA-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) in treating hematological malignancies. To define the underlying regulatory dynamics, we analyzed time courses of leukemia burden and immune abundance of haplo-SCT or MSDT from multiple dimension. First, we employed two nonirradiated leukemia mouse models which carried human AML-ETO or MLL-AF9 fusion gene to establish haplo-identical and major histocompatibility (MHC)-matched transplantation models and investigated the immune cell dynamic response during leukemia development in vivo. We found that haplo-matching the MHCs of leukemia cells with recipient mouse T cells prolonged leukemic mice survival and reduced leukemia burden. The stronger graft-versus-leukemia activity in haplo-SCT group mainly induced by decreased apoptosis and increased cytotoxic cytokine secretion including tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ, pore-forming proteins and CD107a secreted by T cells or natural killer cells. Furthermore, we conducted a prospective clinical trial which enrolled 135 patients with t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia that displayed minimal residual disease before transplantation and underwent either haplo-SCT or MSDT. The results showed that the haplo-SCT slowed the kinetics of the leukemia burden in vivo and reduced the cumulative incidence of relapse compared with MSDT. Ex vivo experiments showed that, 1 year after transplantation, cytotoxic T lymphocytes from the haplo-SCT group had higher cytotoxicity than those from the MSDT group during the same period. Our results unraveled the role of immune cells in superior antileukemia effects of haplo-SCT compared with MSDT.

18.
Ann Hematol ; 100(2): 555-562, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33415424

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is an effective and curative treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We explored the outcome of haploidentical donor (HID) transplantation for intermediate-risk AML and compared to that of matched sibling donor (MSD) transplants. One hundred twenty-seven consecutive patients with intermediate-risk AML in the first complete remission (CR1) who underwent allo-HSCT between January 1, 2015, and August 1, 2016, were enrolled. Thirty-seven patients received MSD grafts, and 90 received HID grafts. The 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) of the HID group was comparable to that of the MSD group: 82.0% ± 4.1% versus 82.7% ± 6.4%, P = 0.457. The 2-year cumulative incidences of relapse and transplantation-related mortality (TRM) were comparable between the HID and MSD groups (relapse, 4.5% ± 0.1%, versus 11.5% ± 0.3%, P = 0.550; TRM, 13.4% ± 0.1% vs. 5.8% ± 0.2%, P = 0.154). The HID recipients had a trend of a lower 2-year cumulative incidence of positive posttransplant flow cytometry (FCM+) and relapse than the MSD recipients (5.6% ± 0.1% vs. 19.9% ± 0.5%, P = 0.092). These results suggest that the outcomes of allo-HSCT with HIDs are comparable to those with MSDs in terms of LFS, TRM, and relapse for intermediate-risk AML in CR1. HIDs could be an alternative to MSDs for intermediate-risk AML.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Irmãos , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Clin Transplant ; 35(2): e14160, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to determine possible predictors and clinical course of mixed chimerism (MC) in aplastic anemia after transplantation. METHODS: A total of 207 transplants were obtained from haploidentical donors (HID) using busulfan (Bu), cyclophosphamide (Cy), and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) regimens, and 69 transplants from matched related donors (MRD) and 29 transplants from unrelated donors (URD) using Cy/ATG regimens were obtained. RESULTS: Incidences of MC were 1.93 ± 0.01%, 20.29 ± 0.01%, and 35.71 ± 0.01% in HID, MRD, and URD transplantation (p < .001). In multivariate analysis, incidence of MC was significantly higher in patients without adding Bu in conditioning (p < .001) and receiving a lower number of CD3 + cells in graft (p = .042). MC was associated with significantly lower II-IV aGvHD (3.70% vs. 27.7%, p = .007), but higher secondary graft rejection rates (14.8% vs. 0.4%, p < .001) and poorer overall survival (72.7 ± 8.9% vs. 89.6 ± 2.0%, p = .011) than those of donor chimerism cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Mixed chimerism was an unsettling status even in non-malignancy. Haploidentical transplantation with more intense regimen by adding Bu to Cy and ATG was associated with reduced MC following HSCT for SAA. An intensified regimen should be explored in matched related or unrelated donors.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Quimerismo , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Ann Hematol ; 100(1): 169-180, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159239

RESUMO

The purpose of our study is to identify the efficacy of ruxolitinib in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) recipients with multidrug-resistant (MDR)-graft-versus-host disease (GVHD, n = 34). MDR-GVHD was defined as GVHD showing no improvement after at least 3 types of treatments. The median number of previous GVHD-therapies was 4 for both MDR-acute GVHD (aGVHD) and MDR-chronic GVHD (cGVHD). For MDR-aGVHD (n = 15), the median time to response was 10 days (range 2 to 65), and the overall response rate (ORR) was 60.0% (9/15), including 40.0% (6/15) complete response (CR) and 20.0% (3/15) partial response (PR). The 1-year probability of overall survival after ruxolitinib was 66.7%. The rates of hematologic and infectious toxicities were 73.3% and 46.7% after ruxolitinib treatment. For MDR-cGVHD (n = 19), the median time to response was 29 days (range 6 to 175), and the ORR was 89.5% (17/19), including 26.3% (5/19) CR and 63.2% (12/19) PR. All patients remained alive until our last follow-up. The rates of hematologic and infectious toxicities were 36.8% and 47.4% after ruxolitinib treatment. Ruxolitinib is an effective salvage treatment for MDR-GVHD in haplo-HSCT recipients.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Salvação , Transplante Haploidêntico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/fisiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nitrilas , Pirimidinas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/tendências , Transplante Haploidêntico/tendências , Transplante Homólogo/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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